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Corresponding Member of the Royal Acad. Sc. Berl. and Munich and of the Hort. 

Soc. Vienna; Member of the Imp. Acad. Nat. Cur., Bot. Soc. Ratisb., 

Physiogr. Soc. Lund., Linn. Soc. Stockh., etc. ; Honorary 

Member of the Dutch Soc. of Science, Royal Prussian 

Hort. Soc, Lyceum Nat. Hist. N. York, etc. 

Professor of Botany in University College, London, and in the Royal 

Institution of Great Britain ; Vice Secretary of 

the Horticultural Society of London, etc. 

Mo. Bot. Garden, 

April 1830 to October 1840. 




fyc. Sfc. ifc. 






(June, 1830.) 


This work, which has been ten years in execution, would have 
been long since brought to a close had the subject been less diffi- 
cult, or one which demanded less exact examination. It has, how- 
ever, proved a most laborious task to examine with the necessary 
care so large a number of plants of a very intricate structure, in a 
dried state; and the author's other engagements have left him 
little leisure for the steady prosecution of this enquiry, so that it 
has been impracticable to advance with greater speed. 

This explanation is due to those friends of science whose collec- 
tions have been entrusted to the author for all this long period. 
He regrets, however, to add that, during the ten years that have 
elapsed since the appearance of the first part of the work, his 
materials for the classification of Malaxes, Epidendreae, and Van- 
deae, have so much increased by the acquisition of species in his 
herbarium, or by the introduction of living plants to the gardens 
of Europe, as to render a reconsideration of those tribes indispen- 
sable. This will take place in a Revision of the Order, which is 
even now in preparation, and which, if his life is spared, may be 
expected to appear about two years from this time, illustrated with 
numerous figures of genera. In that work will be incorporated all 
the author's recent acquisitions, with such others as, in the mean- 
while, may be sent him ; and an attempt will be made to sub- 
divide the other tribes, upon the same principles as have been 
adopted in the classification of Neotteae. The author will be very 
grateful for assistance ; but he finds it necessary, in consequence 
of the great numbers of dried plants sent him for determination, 
to be returned to the owners, to condition that, from this time for- 
ward, with the exception of those in his hands at the present time, 
he shall not be expected to return the dried plants, which his 
correspondents may send for names, but that he shall have full 


liberty to incorporate them with his own herbarium, unless some 
express arrangement is made to the contrary. For it is unjust that 
he should sacrifice his time to this kind of enquiry, merely to satisfy 
the curiosity of those who are unable to determine Orchidaceous 
plants for themselves. The author will, however, in all cases 
quote in the intended " Revision" of the order, the numbers attached 
to the specimens sent to him and preserved by him ; so that if those, 
who are so obliging as to communicate them, will preserve dupli- 
cates with similar numbers, they will be able, when that work 
appears, to ascertain what their plants have proved to be. 

In the prosecution of his task thus far, the author has received 
from numerous quarters most essential assistance. He is, how- 
ever, still in great want of communications from some parts of the 
world, as will be seen by the following geographical arrangement 
of the evidence upon which his knowledge of species has been 

European species have been supplied by many botanists, espe- 
cially by the late Baron Jacquin, Professors Tineo and Tenore, 
Dr. Hornschuch, and Messrs. Bentham, Talbot, Strangways, &c. 

Those of Siberia and Northern Asia were furnished by the 
late lamented Mr. Prescott, whose access to Russian herbaria 
enabled him to procure several species, of which nothing has been 
seen elsewhere. Materials have been also communicated by Dr. 
Fischer, Professors Ledebour and Bunge, and others ; but more 
information is still required for the species of the Southern pro- 
vinces of Russia, and of the more easterly provinces of that 
power in Asia. 

Of North American species there are few which have not been 
carefully examined. Those of the United States and Canada have 
been given to the author by Mr. Menzies, Drs. Torrey, Asa Gray, 
and Booth, and by Sir W. Hooker ; others have been purchased. In 
addition he has examined the valuable collections formed in Cali- 
fornia and North West America, for the Horticultural Society, by 
Douglas, and in Texas and Carolina by Drummond. For Mexican 
species considerable materials have been furnished by the ample 
collections of Karwinski, in the Royal Museum of Munich ; of 
Deppe and Schiede, communicated by Professor Schlectendahl ; 
of Hartweg, and others ; and by the large importations of living 
plants into this country. But a considerable number of species 
described by Llave and Lexarza, have as yet escaped observation, 
and remain for future determination. Information concerning them 
is greatly needed. 


For Central America the materials at the disposal of the 
author have been less copious, considering the great richness of 
those countries in plants of this natural order ; and yet they have 
been considerable. The species of Peru, collected by Mathews, of 
Quito and the Quitinian Andes gathered by Professor Jameson 
and the late Col. Hall, and preserved in the herbarium of Sir W. 
Hooker, and a few others have yielded the greater part of the in- 
formation in the possession of the author; for the difficulty of com- 
munication between England and these parts of the world, for the 
present, forbids the acquisition of many species in our gardens. 
It will, therefore, be found that many of the species of Humboldt 
and Bonpland, of Ilanke, Poppig, and the authors of the Flora 
Peruviana, still remain to be examined by the author. Of the 
latter, however, a portion has been found in the collection of Mr. 

The East coast of equatorial America and the West Indies 
are more completely investigated. Our gardens are rich in species 
from those parts of the world, and herbaria are less deficient in 
them. A great quantity of information has been furnished by the 
collections of Mr. Schomburgk in Tortola and British Guayana ; 
of Martin in French Guayana, for whose plants the author is 
indebted to Mr. N. B. Ward, and of various Botanists in differ- 
ent parts of the West Indies. There are, however, many of 
the old species of Swartz, about which no evidence seems to exist 
m """* country ; for it is certain that the Flora of Jamaica is less 
known to Botanists of the present day than that of India. Few 
collections of dried plants would present greater botanical interest 
now than those of Jamaica and St. Domingo, from the mountains. 

For the Brazilian Flora the author has had the advantage of 
consulting the large collections brought home by Dr. Von Martius, 
and the drawings by Descourtilz in the possession of Baron Ben- 
jamin Delessert; but, unfortunately, both these sources of informa- 
tion were supplied after the publication of the Vandeae; great 
additions have, therefore, still to be made in Brazilian plants to both 
the genera and species of Malaxeae, Epidendrea?, and Vandeae, all 
which will be introduced into the " Revision" already alluded to. 
fortunately, however, our gardens are particularly rich in Brazilian 
Orehidacese ; and the collections of Salzmann at Bahia, of Forbes, 
Douglas, G. Don, Macrae, Gardner, and other travellers, together 
with specimens brought home by Russian botanists, and procured 
for the author by Mr. Prescott, have placed a considerable mass 
of materials within the author's reach. 


Chile and the parts of South America beyond the tropic have 
been well investigated by Douglas, Cuming, Mathews, Cruckshanks, 
Bridges, Tweedie, Gillies and others, all of whose collections have 
been carefully studied ; but there are many of the species mentioned 
by Poppig, which the author has never seen. 

The North of Africa possesses few species of this order not 
common to the South of Europe, Salzmann's collections from 
Tangiers, Dr. Leman's in Madeira, some kinds met with by Bove 
near Algiers, and Mr. "Webb's Canary herbarium have furnished the 
author with the greater part of them. 

His knowledge of the species of Tropical Africa is principally 
derived from plants found by G. Don at Sierra Leone, a few from 
Cape Coast Castle and the Isle of France in the Herbarium of Sir 
W. Hooker, some Madagascar species gathered by Dr. Lyall, and 
preserved in the same rich magazine, and from the English gardens, 
where several have from time to time produced their flowers. The 
author has not, however, been so fortunate as to meet with much 
to elucidate the obscure species of Du Petit Thouars, from the 
Isle of France, Bourbon, and Madagascar, and he earnestly solicits 
assistance with respect to those islands. 

Of Cape species his examination has been pretty complete. The 
beautiful plants found by Mr. Drege and most admirably preserved, 
have been placed at his disposal by that liberal botanist ; besides 
which he has been able to study the species of Dr. Burchell, 
communicated by himself, of Mr. Harvey, of Forbes, of Ecklon, 
and of some of the older collectors preserved in the herbaria of 
Vahl, Hornemann, and Lehmann, for which he has been indebted 
to the two last eminent naturalists. 

In the warmer parts of Asia, copious materials have been 
furnished. Ceylon species in abundance were communicated by 
the late Mr. Macrae, besides which the herbarium formed by 
Col. Walker in that island has been consulted. The vast collections 
of botanists, travelling under the patronage of the East India Com- 
pany, have been most liberally given up to unrestricted examination 
by the Honourable Court of Directors of the East India Company ; 
besides which the author has been largely indebted to the private 
friendship of Drs. Royle, Wallich, and Wight, and of Mr. Griffith. 
By these means the Flora of the Himalaya, of a great part of 
Hindostan, of Burma, Assam, and some parts of the Malayan 
Archipelago, has been extensively incorporated in this work. It 
«, however, a subject of great regret to the author that the 


Orchidaceae of Java, Sumatra, and the Philippines, countries so 
peculiarly rich in those plants, should at present be comparatively 
unknown to him. Many Chinese specimens have been obtained 
through the Rev. Mr. Vacbell, who sent his plants to Professor 
Henslow, of Cambridge, and from Mr. Reeves ; but of that country 
and Japan very little can be said to be known. 

The Orchidaceae peculiar to New Holland were carefully 
examined by Dr. Brown and Mr. Ferdinand Bauer during Flinders's 
Voyage ; and the author has been so fortunate as to be favoured 
with authentic specimens of some of them from Dr. Brown him- 
self; he has also been kindly furnished by Dr. Endlicher with 
tracings of most of Mr. Bauer's drawings preserved in the Imperial 
Library at Vienna ; and he has received materials from the late 
Mr. Allan Cunningham, the Council of the Linnean Society, Mr. 
Everett, Sir Thomas Mitchell and others. It is, however, to the 
collections of Swan River plants formed by Mr. Drummond, and 
most especially to a very large quantity of Tasmannian specimens, 
most liberally furnished by Mr. Gunn, that the author is indebted 
for means of examining the Orchidaceae of Australia, as is amply 
testified by the references in the following pages. There are still, 
however, many species from the East and North Coast, with which 
he has no acquaintance. 

New Zealand is as yet almost an unknown land with respect to 
Orchidaceae. Species from that island or from any parts of the 
Pacific will in all cases be particularly welcome. 

In an order like this, so peculiarly intricate in the structure of 
the organs of fructification, collections of dried plants would be 
of little value, in the absence of that kind of knowledge which 
can only be obtained from the study of living species. For the 
latter the author is so extensively indebted to the friends of science 
in this country, that to acknowledge his obligations particu- 
larly, would be to publish a list of all the principal gardens 
where such plants are cultivated in Great Britain. It would, 
however, be unjust not to mention the names of his friends, the 
Messrs. Loddiges, as the most constant of all his correspondents, 
and as those to whom he has been indebted during many years for 
a continual and most abundant supply of beautiful living specimens 
of the utmost rarity. The large quantities of plants sent him by 
James Bateman, Esq., the author of the noble work on the Orchida- 
c ea? of Mexico and Guatemala, and by George Barker, Esq. of 
Birmingham, the possessor of an invaluable collection of Mexican 


and other speeies, chiefly imported by himself, will also justify the 
author's expressing his particular obligations to those gentlemen. 

It is only necessary to add that the total number of species 
included in this work amounts to 1980. Of those which are 
regarded as well established species the author has analyzed the 
organs of fructification of more than three fourths. 

London, October, 1840. 


The following are' the principal writings upon this order since the revival 
of Natural History by Linnseus. 

1737. C. Linnaei, Genera plantarum. Gynandria Monandria, and G. 

1762. C. Linnaei, Species plantarum, vol. 2. Gynandria, Monandria, and 
G. Diandria. 

1789. A. L. Jussieu, Genera plantarum, p. 64. Orchides. 

1781. J. G. Konig, Descriptiones Epidendrorum, in Retzii Observat. Botan. 
fasc. 6. 

1800. O. Swartz, in Act. Holm. 

1805. C. L. Willdenow, Species plantarum, vol. 4. Gynandria. 

1806. O. Swartz, Flora India occidentalis vol. 3, p. 1391. 

1810. R. Brown, Prodromus Flora N. Hollandiee, 309. Orchideae. (1810.) 

1813. R. Brown, in Ait. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 188. 

1815. Al. de Humboldt, A. Bonpland, et C. S. Kunth, Nova Genera et 
Species Plantarum, vol. 1. 

1818. L. C. Richard, De Orchideis Europais annotationes, in Me'moires du 
Museum, 4. 23. 

1821. J. Lindley, Collectanea Botanicd. 

1822. A. du Petit Thouars, Histoire particuliere des plantes Orchide'es 

reeueiUies sur les trois iles australes d'Afrique, de France, de Bourbon 
et de Madagascar. 

1824-1840. J. Lindley, Botanical Register. 

1825. P. de la Llave et Joh. Lexarza, Orehidianum Opusculum in Nov. Veg. 

descr.fasc. 2. 
C. L. Blume, Bijdragen tot de Flora van Nederlandsch Indie, Stuk 
6, 7» 8, met vijf Tabellen. 

1826. J. Lindley, Orchidearum Sceletos. 

1828. Ach. Richard, Monographic des Orchide'es des Iles de France et Bourbon. 

1830. J. Lindley, Genera and Species of Orchidaceous plants. Part 1. 

Id. An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany. Orchideae. 

Th. Fr. Bartling, Ord. Nat. Plantarum, 54. Orchideae. 


1830-1838. Fr. Bauer, Illustrations of Orchidaceous plants ; with notes and 
prefatory remarks, by John Lindley. 

1831. J. Lindley, Genera and Species of Orchidaceous plants. Part 2 

R. Brown, Observations on the sexual organs of Orchidea and 

1832. W. Roxburgh, Flora India, Vol. III. Gynandria. 

C. Mayrhofer, dissert, de Orchideis in territorio Vindobonensi cres- 

1833. J. Lindley, Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants. Part 3. Vandea?. 

1834. Idem, Catalogue of the Orchidece in Mr. Cuming's collection of South 

American Plants, in Hooker s Journal of Botany, Vol. I. p. 4 ; 
also Notes upon a small collection of Peruvian Orchidece, Vol. I. 
p. 8. 

1835. Idem, Genera and Species of Orchidaceous plants. Part 4. Ophry- 

dearum pars. 
C. L. Blume, Rumphia, Vol. I. p. 195. 
E. Poppig et St, Endlicher, Nova genera et species plantar um. 

1836. J. Lindley, Notes on the Cape Orchidacea of Drege, in Companion to 

the Botanical Magazine, Vol. II. p. 201. 

Id. Notes on some genera and species of American Orchidacea?, in 
Companion to Ihe Botanical Magazine, Vol. II. p. 353. 

Id. A Natural System of Botany, p. 336. Orchidece. 

1837. St. Endlicher, Genera Plantarum, p. 185. Orchideae. 
1838-1840. Jas. Bateman, Orchidacea: of Mexico and Guatemala. 

J. Lindley, Serium Orchidaceum. 

1838. Id. Genera and Species of Orchidaceous plants, Part. 5. Ophry- 

dearum pars. 

1839. Id. A note upon the Anatomy of the roots of Ophrydea, in Linn. Trans. 

Vol. XVIII. p. 423-. 

1840. Id. On four new species of Cape Orchidaceee, in Annals of Natural 

History, Vol. IV. p. 314. ; also on twenty new species of American 
Orchidaceee, p. 381. 

Id. Genera and Species of Orchidaceous plants, Part 6. Arethuseue. 

Id. Characters of 5 new Orchidaceous plants, in Annals of Natural 
History, Vol. V. p. 115 j also Notes upon the genus Epideiidrum 
in Hookers Journal of Botany, Vol. HI. November. 

Id. Genera and Species of Orchidaceous plants, Part 7. Neotteae 
and Cypripedeae. 



Herbje semper perennes, per totum orbem nisi in regionibns frigidissimis 
et siccis calidissimis degentes, per zonam temperatam utriusque hemis- 
phasrae maxima pro parte terrestres, raro radicibus parasitica?, intra tro- 
picos e contrario in arborum truncos rupes et saxa vegetantes, terris 
temperatis humidisque ubi frigora hyemis ignota sunt copiosissima?, 
sylvas et lucos arborumque umbram amantes, haud raro tamen per 
campos et pascuas apricas sparsae. Radices fibrosa;, fasciculata;, car- 
nosae, v. tuberculiformes; tum amyli plena; et nucleis corueis materie 
nutriente Bassorin dicta repletis scatentes. Caules nulli, v. elongati 
annui, aut saepibs perennes lignosi, rhizoma ramosve articulatos vagina- 
tos referentes. Folia fere semper vaginantia, nonnunqunm cum caule 
articulate, membranaeea, coriacea, teretia, imb dura et plieata, semper 
tamen indivisa, ne margine quidem serrata, nunc denticulis cartilagineis 
aspera, parallels venosa, rarissime subreticulata. 

Flores hermaphroditi, irregulares, forma insoliti et diversissimi, spicati v. 
racemosi, rarius solitarii, nunc racemoso-paniculati, semper bractea soli- 
taria fulti ; saepibs odore gratissimo scatentes, nunc inodori, quandoque 

Periaxthium varium, berbaceum aut petaloideum, membranaceum v. 
carnosum, clausum v. reflexum, persistens et emarcidum, v. cum ovario 
articulatum deciduumque ; partibus serie duplici, rarissimfc triplici ordi- 
natis, liberis v. diversimode cohaerentibus; saepius ovarii torsione resupi- 

Sepala (morphologice petala dicenda) 3, basi nunc aequalia, nunc varie 
producta et expansa ; duo lateralia torsione ovarii antica, tertiumque s. 
dorsale axi proximum ; rarissime calyculo (calyce vero) cincta. 

Petala (stamina sterilia habenda) saepius 3, rarissime 1, sepalis interpo- 
sita, majora v. minora ; lateralia sepalo dorsali saepius siuiilia, rar6 
forum omninb diversa. Tertium posticum, sed torsione ovarii sa;pts- 
sime anticum, polymorphum, labellum dictum, ceteris saspibs majus et 
forma omninb aliena, basi haud rarb in calcar productum, v. cum pede 
columns; basibusque sepalorum lateralium productis cornu efficiens ; 
nunc cum columna omninb connatum ; aliquando vi quadam irritabili 
elastice mobile : continuum, indivisum, v. trilobum, aut semel bisve con- 
strictum et tum in hypochilio, me.sochilio et epichilio distinguendum ; 
nudum aut tuberculis, plicis, lamellisve in speciebus diversis sat constan- 
tibus ornatum ; nunc appendice carnosa duplici simplicive e stigtnate 
ortum ducente auctum. 


Columna genitalium e stylo staminibusque in corpus solidum conferrumi- 
natis conflata, ita ut ille ejusdem faciem labello obversam, heec dorsalem 
constituant ; cum ovario continua et recta, v. pede plus minus producto 
in ejusdem verticem obliqua v. prona ; saepius carnosa et indivisa, ali- 
quandb tenuissima petaloidea, fere semper 3epalis brevior, rarissime* 
ultra perianthium longe extensa. 

Stamina 3, sepalis opposita, centrali tantum antherifero, nisi in Cypripe- 
deis quarum stamen intermedium dilatatur dum abortat et lateralia an- 
theris coronantur; saepius conferruminata, quandoque tamen lateralibus 
sterilibus omninb liberis, carnosis v. petaloideis. Anthera nunc l-lo- 
cularis, saepius bilocularis ; loculis simplicibus v. 2*4-locellatis ; solitb 
per 2 lineas medias dehiscens, nunc facie loculorum separabili et de- 
flexa bilabiata ; connectivo aut membranaceo inconspicuo, aut car- 
noso et in cristam cornuve extenso ; erecta et columnam terminans, v. 
dorsalis cum stigmatis dorso subparallela, v. opercularis, in clinandrium 
s. columnae apicem excavatum prona. Pollen nunc pulvereum, nunc in 
granulis adhaerens, nunc in cuneolos materie elastica eolligatos, nunc in 
pollinia s. massas cereaceas numero definitas conferruminatum. Pol- 
linia aut libera aut saepius materie supra dicta elastica diaphana (caw- 
diculd) connexa, ej usque ope stigmatis apici s. glandule affixa. 

Ovarium inferum, 1-loculare, e carpellis 6 constans, quorum 3 petalis 
opposita placentas didymas polyspermas parietales gerunt, stigmatibus 
nullis, dum 3 sepalis opposita in stigmata totidem producirntur. 
Stylus nullus distinctus nisi in Cypripedio Neotteisque quibusdam, sed 
filamentis cotiferruminatus. Stigmata saepius in discum mucosum ca- 
vura nunc prominentem confluentia ; dorsale in marginem superiorem 
glandulis 1-2 in Vandeis Neotteisque separabilibus instructum, saepe in 
rostellum elongatum v. plicatum, v. in bursiculas excavatum productum, 
quandoque in brachia bina parallela v. divergentia canaliculata, ope 
membranae s. rostelli plicati connexa extensum ; lateralia in plurimis 
obsoleta, nunc basi labelli appendicis s. lamellarum callorumve forma 

Capsula rarb indehiscens, carnosa, siliquiformis, seepissime in valvis 6, 
siccis, ligneis, rigidis, quarum 3 seminifera solubilis. 

Semina plurima, minutissima, testa laxa reticulata, rarb atra Crustacea, 
nonnunquam in alam circularem compressa ; embryone exalbuminoso, 
solido, carnosoj chalaza apici seminis proxima idebque radicula hilo 
contigua. % 

The general structure of Orchid.iceae, briefly embodied in the foregoing 
description, has been treated of at such length in the prefatory matter 
of the Illustrations of Orchidaceous Plants, that it is unnecessary to do 
more than refer the reader to that work. I must, however, take the 
opportunity of correcting one part of the theoretical view which was there 
taken of the structure of the column. While, in common with Dr. 
Brown, I regarded the stigma as really consisting of three parts, usually in 

* This occurs only in the obscure plant called Corymbis by Du Petit Thouars, of 
which 1 have a specimen, but unfortunately in the same imperfect state as is repre- 
sented OV that ■,,f I,.*- ' 

tented by that author 


a state of confluence, I also supposed the position of the stigmata to be 
opposite the petals ; being led to that conclusion by the constant position 
of the stigmatic arms of Ophrydae. That opinion I now retract, in con- 
sequence of the position of the stigmata in Cypripedium, which C. specta- 
bile shews most clearly to be opposite the sepals ; and therefore the 
stigmatic arms of Ophrydae are to be understood as side lobes of that stigma 
which is opposite the dorsal sepal. This circumstance, however, only con- 
firms the accuracy of my view of the true nature of the stamens, which 
are certainly all opposite the lobes of the stigma in Cypripedium. 

While, however the untenableness of my first opinion, concerning the 
relation borne by the stigmata to the other parts of the flower, is thus 
admitted, there remains a difficulty that opposes itself to the view I 
now take in common with Brown, and which must not be overlooked. It 
is that the placentiferous pieces of the ovary are not opposite the stig- 
mata, but alternate with them, while the seedless pieces of the ovary 
are in a line with the stigmata ! This seems to show that the ovary 
is composed of 6 carpellary leaves, of which three bear stigmata without 
ovules, and three bear ovules without stigmata. However paradoxical 
this may appear, it is by no means incompatible with the due perform- 
ance of the functions of impregnation ; for the carpellary leaves do 
not adhere into a solid mass, either in the ovary or in the style. On the 
contrary they form a cavity open from the stigmatic apex down to the 
ovules, and the whole of that cavity is lined with a lax conducting tissue, 
which may nevertheless be exclusively furnished by 3 stigmas only, and 
may become so confluent with the placentae as to form a perfect channel of 
communication for the pollen tubes in their descent into the ovules. 

The order owes its chief peculiarities to the following circumstances : 
Jirsthj, to the consolidation of all the sexual organs into one common mass, 
called the column ; secondly, to the suppression of all the anthers, except 
one in the mass of the order, or two in Cypripedeae ; thirdly, to the pecu- 
liar condition of its pollen, and the anther which contains it ; and fourthly, 
to the very general developement of one of the inner leaves of the perianth 
or petals in an excessive degree, or in an unusual form. These peculiarities 
are in most cases so striking, and all so strongly manifested in the same 
flower, that the inexperienced botanist may be unable to discover their real 
character. We find, however, that the true nature of each part is indicated 
by special cases of structure occurring in different parts of* the order. 

Thus in Cypripedium not only are two lateral stamens furnished with 
anthers, while the central stamen is antherless, but the stigma and style 
separate from the filaments nearly to the base, and the triple nature of the 
former is distinctly shown, together with the relation of its lobes to the 
other parts of the flower. The pollen, which has so anomalous an appear- 
ance in its waxy or sectile state, presents the usual appearance of that 
substance in Goodyera, and many Neotteae. And the irregularity of the 
fabellum disappears in such genera as Thelymitra, Paxtonia, Macdonaldia, 
Wexisea, and some others, whose flowers are almost as regular as those of 
a Sisyrinchium. 

It is indeed to the latter genus, more nearly than to any other, that 
Orehidaceae seem to approach in structure, except to Zingiberaceae ; so 


that they may be supposed to pass into Iiidaceae through Thelymitra and 
Sisyrinehium on the one hand,' and into Zingiberacese through Phrynium 
and such a genus as Evelyna* on the other. 

With regard to Apostasiaceae, their relation to that order does not appear 
to me to be greater than to either of the two now mentioned ; and in the 
absence of all evidence as to the connecting links which join Orchidaceae 
and Apostasiaceae it seems unnecessary to advert further to the subject. It 
may, however, be observed that Apostasia has apparently as much claim 
to be regarded as a diandrous monadelphous Amaryllidaceous plant allied 
to Hypoxiriae and standing, perhaps, in the same relation to that order as 
Gilliesia to Liliaceee, as it has to be regarded as a trilocular Orchidaceous 
plant with the gynandrous organization lost. 

In classifying this order the most important characters appear to reside 
in the pollen, which in many is consolidated into Jinn wuxy masses of a 
definite number in each species, and in others is either in its usual loose 
powi'ery condition, or is collected in granules or small wedges the number of 
which is far too great to be counted. 

Of those with waxy pollen masses some (Malaxed) are destitute of 
any visible processes by which the masses are brought into contact with 
the stigma ; others (Epidexdre.e) have strap-shaped caudiculee, which are 
either bent down upon the masses themselves, or serve to hold them 
together, without, however, forming any organized union with the stigma; 
while th? remainder (Vande^e) have acaudicula, which adheres firmly to a 
gland found on the upper margin of the stigma and separating freely from 
that organ. The last form is much more distinct from the two first than 
they nre from each other, and I am inclined to think that hereafter it will 
either be requisite to combine Mnlaxeae with Epidendreae, or to exclude 
from the former not only Acanthophippium, Calogyne and Pbolidota, but 
several other genera at present referred to them. 

The genera with powdery, granular, or sectile pollen cannot be classified 
so conveniently by modifications of that part, but are readily divided into 
3 natural tribes by peculiarities in the anther. In some (*Ophre.e) the 
anther is erect, not hinged to the column but continuous with it, and 
stands above the stigma, the pollen masses having their points directed to 
the base of the lobes of the anther ; in others (Arethuse.e) the anther is 
hinged to the column, upon the end of which it is placed transversely like 
a lid ; and in others (Neottk<e) it is also hinged to the column, but is 
stationed at its back so as to be nearly parallel with the stigmatic surface. 

If to this we add that Cypripede.e have two anthers, while all the 
others have one only, we find the order divided into seven tribes, of which 
the following is a tabular view. 

* This genus has been published in Poppig and Endlicher's genera plantarum while the 
present work was passing through the press and will be introduced into the " Revision." 
1 lie Bletia capitata of R. Brown, p. 123, is a species of it. 

A Tabular vn;w of the Tribes of Orciiidace.c. 

I. Anther one only. 

A. Pollen masses waxy. 

a. No caudicula or separable stigmatie gland, 

Tribe I. Malaxed (or Malaxidete). p. 3. 

b. A distinct caudicula, but no separable stigmatic glnnd, 

Tribe II. Epidendhe.b. p. 95. 

c. A distinct caudicula, united to a deciduous stigmatic gland, 

Tribe III. Vande*. p. 135. 

B. Pollen powdery, granular, or sectile. . 

a. Anther terminal, erect, 

Tribe IV. Ophre.b (or Ophrydere.) p. 257- 

b. Anther terminal, opercular, - Tribe V. Aretiiusk.e. p, 381. 

c. Anther dorsal - - Tribe VI. Neottk.e. p. 44 1. 

II. Anthers two 

Tribe VII. Cypripede.e. p. 525. 

So far as the present enumeration of species illustrates the geographical 
distribution of those tribes, the following table shows their proportions in 
various parts of the world. It is, however, to be observed that the number 
of species of Malaxeae, Epidendreae, and Vandeae is far too low. 





j . 








i s 

! "S. 
























































Names of 




































I. Malaxes . . 


















II. Epidevdre.* 















III. Vandbjk 


















IV. Ophrcs . 










• 2 








V. Aretiiusk* 













VI. Neottb^s. 




19 ' 


















86 | 


















April, t&30. 


Tribe I. Malaxide^e. 

Orchideje, Tribus MalaxidEjE. Lindl. Colt. Bot. Orch. Seel. 

Pollen in massis cereaceis (polliniis) definitis cohaerens, tela omni cellulosa 
superflua adempta. Anthera terminalis, opercularis. Herbs epiphytal 
v. terrestres, foliorum basibus v. eaulibus sspius incrassatis. 

I comprehend in this Tribe all the genera that have their pollen cohe- 
ring in masses of a firm waxy texture, without any of the cellular sub- 
stance, by which the grains are connected, remaining under the form of 
a distinct gland lying upon the stigma, or of an elastic transparent com- 
munication (caudicula) between the pollen masses and the gland. Ma- 
laxidea? may, in other words, be considered as Orchideous plants, the pollen 
of which communicates directly with the stigma, without the intervention 
of any intermediate apparatus. 

Section I. Pleurothalle;E. 

Orchides ; Tribus Malaxideae,* Pleurothallese. Lindley in Bot. Reg./ol. 
Columna erecta, ad basin parum producta. 

Artificial Analysis of the Genera. 

PolUnia 2. 

Labellum cum columna connatum, bilobum - - 4. Lepanthes. 

Labellum liberum 

Sepala lateralia connata 

Columna aptera. Anthera apice membranacea - 1. Pleurothallis, 

Columna alata. Anthera apice dilatata carnosa 6. Osyriclra. 

Sepala lateralia libera 
Columna elongata 

Labellum trilobum. PolUnia dimidiata. Columna"! 7. Ciirysoglossum. 

basi alata ... - J 

Labellum integerrimum. Pollinia arcuata. Co- 1 j g , c Y rtosia. 
lumna basi aptera J 

Columna nana 

Labellum petalis conforme 

Sepala lateralia basi saccata - -2. Specklinja. 

Sepala lateralia basi plana - - - 5. Stems. 



Labellum petalis difforme 

Sepala et petala conformia. Labellum pla- 1 1Q QberoNIA. 

num ssepihs truncatum - - J 

Sepala et petala conformia. Labellum medio 1 27> m ESO clastes. 
constrictum basi concavum - J 

Pollinia 4. 

Sepala lateralia connata. 

Sepalum supremum acuminatissimum - 

Sepalum supremum lateralibus conforme 
Sepala lateralia libera. 

Sepala et petala subaequalia erecta. 
Anthera biloba - 

Anthera integra 

Antbera longitudin. debiscens 

Labellum integerrimum. Columna bicornis 
Labellum trilobum. Columna mutica 
Pollinia collateralia (oo oo) 
Pollinia incumbentia ( § § ) 
Antbera transverse dehiscens 

Labellum ventricosum - - - 

Labellum lineare basi auriculatum 
Sepala et petala patentissima valde inaequalia. 
Labellum cum columna angulum rectum efformans, 

basi sagittatum v. cordatum 
Labellum cum columna subparallelum 
Labellum (nanum) petalis conforme. Pollinia in- 
cumbentia ( § § ) 
Labellum petalis majus et difforme. Pollinia col- 
lateralia (oo oo) 

Labellum integrum. Columna elongata. 
Labellum basi cucullatum cum facie co- 
lumns alte accretum, sepalis laterali- 
bus oblique connatum 
Labellum basi planum 

Columna semiteres 
Columna disciformis compressa 
Labellum tridentatum , nunc excavatum . Co- 
lumna nana - - 

9. Restrepia. 

8. Gastroglottis. 

22. Cozlia. 

20. Dendrochilum. 

25. CoXOGYNE. 

26. Dicrypta. 

23 Pholidota. 

21. Otochilus. 


15 Malaxis. 



W 14. DlENlA. 

19. LlPARIS. 

12. Platystylis. 

Pollinia 8. 

Labellum calcaratum 
Labellum ecalcaratum 

Petala aristata 

Petala mutica 

Columna semiteres 

16. Nepheeaphyllum. 

17. acianthus. 
3. octomeria. 

Columna alata, apice cucullata. Labellum lamellatum 24. Diiochia. 


Pleurothallis, R. Brown, in Hort. Kew. 5. 211. 

Sepala conniventia, subaequalia : lateralibus v. omnibus eonnatis. Petala 

minora. Labellum liberum, cum columna subparallelum, integerrimum, 

petalis difforme. Columna elongata, aptera, libera, cum ovario continua. 

Anthera apice membranacea. Pollinia 2, nunc materie pulverea ad apicem 

cohaerentia. Herbae epiphytee, rbizomate repente filiformi. Caules 

filiformes, monophylli, saepius vaginati. Flores axillares, solitarii, v. 
fasciculati, v. racemosi, herbacei v. fusci. 

The species of this genus are in great want of careful examination by 
some West Indian Botanist who has opportunities of seeing them alive. 
In Herbaria the specimens are almost always bad, and the parts are besides 
difficult to make out, on account of their minuteness. I am in possession 

MALAXIDEjE. pleurothalle^e. 5 

of a species from Mexico, and of another from Rio, both of which are no 
doubt undescribed, but I am unwilling to publish them without better 

1. Pleurothallis ruscifolia. R. Br. 

P. folio ovali-lanceolato caulis longitudine, fioribus fasciculatis, spatha 
bivalvi, pedicellis 2-3-bracteatisfiliformibus fioribus longioribus, sepalis 
ovato-lanceolatis : lateralibus connatis, petalis lineari-lanceolatis mino- 
ribus, labello oblongo undulato obtuso. 

Epidendrum ruscifolium. Linn. sp. pi. 1353. Jacq. Amer. 226. /. 133-/. 3. 
Dendrobium ruscifolium. Swartz ! n. act. Ups. 6. p. 84. Willd, n. \6. 
Pleurothallis ruscifolia. R. Br. in Hort. Kew. 5. 211. Hooker Ex. Ft. 197. 

Hab. in Jamaica super arbores, Swartz ,• in insulis Caribreis, De Ponthieu, 
(v. s. sp. in Herb. Banks, et v. cult.) 

Dr. Hooker's figure is authority for this species, and it is from it that I 
have framed my specific character. It is extremely probable that more 
species than one are confounded under the same name. I have specimens 
from Rio of what is no doubt nearly allied to this, but which differs in the 
form of the leaf, and in having a ciliated Labellum ; my specimens are not 
good enough to describe. 

2. Pleurothallis laurifolia. Kunth. 

P. " caule monophyllo, folio oblongo acuminato basi angustato, fioribus 
fasciculato-congestis, foliolis calycinis exterioribus lateralibus apice 
liberis." Kunth. in Humb. et Bonpl. n. g. et sp. 1.364. synops. 1.346. 

Hab. in devexis Andium Popayanensium alt. 1200 hex. florens Novembre ; 
Humboldt et Bonpland. 

Related to P. ruscifolia, according to Kunth. 

3. Pleurothallis succosa. 

P. caule tereti folio ovato-lanceolato succoso triplb longiore, fioribus fasci- 
culatis subsessilibus, sepalis lanceolatis : lateralibus omnin6 connatis, 
petalis linearibus subulatis, labello minimo ovato carnoso recurvo co- 
lumnar longitudine. 

Humboldtia succosa. Pavon. in Herb. Lamb. 

Hab. in Peruvia, Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 

Caulis semipedalis. Folium 2 uncias longum. Petala integra, sepalis 
paulo breviora. Columna nana, anthera horizontali subglobosa. 

4. Pleurothallis cordata. 

P. caule tereti sulcato folio subrotundo horizontali alte cordato acuminato 
multo longiore, fioribus faseiculatis e spatha brevi coriacea subexsertis. 

Humboldtia cordata. Fl. Peruv ! syst. p. 234. 
Stelis cordata. Pers. syn. no. 3. 

Hab. in Peruvia ; Pavon. (v. s. deft, in Herb. Lambert.) 

Gigantea. Caules validi, erecti, esquamati, fere pedales. Folia horizontalia, 
3| uncias longa, sinubus baseos cordatae imbricantibus. Alabastrum uni- 
cum vidi valde juvene subglobosum, unde sepala rotundata conjicio. 

? 5. Pleurothallis lanceolata. 

P. caule asccndentc tereti folio ovato lanceolato erecto fere triplo longiore, 


racemo solitario folio longiore apice nutante e spatha maxima coriacea 
dimidiam folii fere aequante. 

Humboldtia lanceolata. Fl. Peruv ! si/st. 237. 
Stelis lanceolata- Pers. syn. no. 12. 

Hab. in Peruvia ; Pavon. (v. s. sp. defl. in Herb. Lamb.) 

Caulis robustus 10 uncias, folium in basi attenuatum 7, spatha 3, racemus 
8 longi. 

6. Pleurothallis tribuloides. 

P. " caule brevissimo monophyllo, folio lanceolato obtuso emarginatove, 
pedunculo brevissimo unifloro, capsula globosa echinata." Swartz sub 

Epidendrum tribuloides, Swartz Prodr. 123. 

Dendrobium tribuloides, Swartz Fl. Ind. Occ. 1525. Willd. n. 8. 

Hab. in sylvis interioribus Jamaica, parasitica arborum Crescentiae ; Swartz. 

Flores minuti rubri, bracteis geminis ovatis parvis sub germine. Sepala 
ovata : lateralibus semiconnatis intus punctatis. Petala colore saturatiore. 
Labellum oblongum, obtusum,concavum, recurvatum, striatum, margine 
ciliato ; ex Swai'tz. 

7 . Pleurothallis prolifera. Herbert. 

P. caulibus ancipitibus, folio oblongo cochleato carnoso prolifero racemo 
duplo longiore, bracteis cuneatis cuspidatis cucullatis pedicello brevio- 
ribus, sepalis conniventibus : lateralibus semiconnatis, petalis labelloque 
conformibus duplo longioribus, clinandrio dentato. 

PI. prolifera, Herbert in litt. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1. 1298. 
Hab. in Brazilia (v. v. cult.) 

8. Pleurothallis racemiflora. Lindley. 

P. folio oblongo emarginato racemo secundo multifloro duplo breviore, 
bracteis vaginatis appressis, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis : lateralibus con- 
natis petalis ovatis subaequalibus, labello subunguiculato linguseformi 
obtuso piano, clinandrio dentato. 

Epidendrum racemiflorum. Swartz Prodr. 125. 

Dendrobium racemiflorum. Swartz ! Fl. Ind. Occ. 1543. Willd. n. 12. 

Pleurothallis racemiflora. Lindl. in Hooker. E.vot. Flora, 1. 123. 

Hab. super arbores in summis montibus Jamaica australis ; Swartz. (v. s. 
sp. in Herb. Banks, et v. cult.) 

9. Pleurothallis emarginata. 

P. acaulis, foliis solitariis lineari-loratis emarginatis, racemis capillaribus 
foliis triplo longioribus, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis alte connatis : apicibus 
liberis carnosis, petalis cuneatis columna brevioribus labelloque trilobo 

Humboldtia emarginata. Pavon. in Herb. Lambert. 

Hab. in Peruvia ; Pavon. {exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lamb.) 

Caespitosa, verosimiliter epiphyta. Folia cum basi petioliformi 4f uncias 
longa. Racemi cernui (an penduli ?) 9 uncias longi. Bracteae lineares, 
cucullatse. Sepala omnia ultra dimidiam connata. Columna triplo sepali9 
brevior, petalis tamen longior. Labellum cum columna parallelum, 
ejusdem longitudine, trilobum, lobis rotundatis. 


10. Pleurothallis spiralis. 

P. caule tereti squamoso folio oblongo sequali, racemo erecto spirali folio 
longiore, bracteis acuminatis, sepalis ovatis obtusiusculis : lateralibus in 
unum cyrabiforme connatis, petalis columna labelloque truncatis nanis. 

Humboldtia spiralis. Fl. Peruv! syst. 237. 
Stelis spiralis. Pers. syn. no. 13. 

Hab. in Peruvia, Pavon. {exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 

Flores maximi in genere, verosimiliter purpurei. Bractese latse, membra- 
naceae, cucullatae, apice acuminatissimae. Sepala septemvenia, late ovata. 
Petala minima cuneata, quasi truncata, margine superiore crasso piano, 
trivenia. Labellum triquetrum. Columna triquetra. Anthera membra- 
nacea uniloculars. 

This very curious species has the habit and petals of Stelis, but its con- 
nate lower sepals fix it in Pleurothallis ; it connects the two genera. 

11. Pleurothallis macrophylla. Kunth. 

P. " caule monophyllo, folio oblongo acuto, spicis compluribus aggregatis, 
foliolis calycinis exterioribus lateralibus omnino connatis." Kunth. in 
Humb. et Bonpl. n. g. et sp. 1. 365. Synops. 1. 346. 

Hab. super arbores in Provincia Popayanensi, florens Novembre ; Humboldt 
et Bonpland. 

12. Pleurothallis pulchella. Lindley. 

P. spicis geminis folio oblongo-lanceolato obtuso coriaceo duplo longiori- 
bus, floribus nutantibus, sepalis oblongis apice angustatis triveniis : 
superiore duplo latiore. 

Stelis pulchella. Kunth. in Humb. et Bonpl. n. g, et 1. 364. t. 90. Synops. 1 . 346. 
Pleurothallis pulchella. Lindley in Hooker. Exot. Fl. 123. in notis. 

Hab. sub ccelo temperato Regni Quitensis, alt 1370 hex. florens Februario ; 
Humboldt et Bonp. 

13. Pleurothallis laxa. 

P. " caule monophyllo, folio oblongo acuminato, racemis laxis ; capsulis 

nudis.'' Swartz sub Dendrobio. 

Epidendrum laxum. Swartz Prodr. p. 125. 

Dendrobium laxum. Swartz ! Fl. Jnd. Occ. 1547. Willd. n. 14. 

Hab. in altissimis montibus Jamaica australis, super ramos arborum j 
Swartz. (v. s. sp. in Herb. Banks, sine analysi.J 

P. alpestri valde affinis ; utraque bracteis cucullatis distincta. Racemi foliis 
subaequales. Flores secundi, atropurpurei, lineati. Bracteae cucullatae. 
Sepala lateralia semiconnata. Labellum ovatum, canaliculatum, apice 
reflexum, coerulescens ; ex Swartz. 

14. Pleurothallis alpestris. 

P. " caule monophyllo, folio ovato-lanceolato, racemis laxis, carinis capsu- 

larum muricatis." Swartz sub Dendrobio. ' 

Epidendrum alpestre. Swartx Prodr. 125. 

Dendrobium alpestre. Swartz Fl. Ind. Occ. 1545. Willd. n. 13. 

Hab. in altissimis montibus Jamaica australis, super ramos arborum j 
Swartz. (v. s. sjj. in Herb. Banks, sine analysi.J 


Racemi folio saepe longiores. Flores parvi, secundi, luteo-virides. Sepala 
lateralia semiconnata. Labellum ovatum, obtusum, concavum, minu- 
tum, atropurpureum ; ex Swartz. 


Sepala conniventia, aqualia, distincta : lateralibus basi saccatis extus 
gibbosis. Petala sepalis conformia triplo minora (nana). Labellum 
liberum petalis conforme basi saccatum. Columna nana, libera, mem- 
branaceo-alata. Antliera unilocularis (bilocularis Hooker), infrapicilaris. 
Pollinia 2, plano-convexa (4, Hooker).' Herba? pusilUe, caulibus fili- 
formibus monophyllis. Folia coriacea. Pedunculi axillares, capillares, 

Obs. numerus Polliniorum forte dubius ; in S. floribunda certissime 2 piano 
convexa in anthera uniloculari ; in S. emarginata 4, per paria coha> 
rentia secundum Hooker. Genus Pleurotballi proximum, numero pol- 
liniorum incerto, sepalis liberis basi saccatis pracipue diversum. 

Nomen in honorem Rodolphi Specklin sculptoris in ligno eximii, cujus icones 
plantarum pro cevo suo prcestantissimce in Fuchsii Historia stirpium, de Botw 
nica optime meruerunt. - 

1. Specklinia sertularioides. 

S. caulibus brevissimis, folio lanceolato subpetiolato, sepalis lanceolatis 
subpatentibus, pedunculis unifloris, rhizomate articulato. 

Epidendrum sertularioides. Swartz Prodr. 123- 

Dendrobium sertularioides. Swartz ! Ft- Ind. Occ. 1541. Willd.n.W. 

Pleurothallis sertularioides. Spreng. syst. 3. 731. 

Hab. in arboribus densis antiquis montium Jamaica; Swartz. (v. s. sp. in 
Herb. Banks. J / 

Rhizoma Sertulariae modo, articulatum, unde nomen. Pedunculi solitarii, 
capillares, longitudine fere foliorum squamis spathaceis duabus in medio. 
Flores albidi, apicibus flavis. Labellum lanceolatum recurvum, basi 
concavum; ex Swartz. 

2. Specklinia Lanceola. 

S. caulibus brevissimis, folio lanceolato subpetiolato, sepalis obtusis paten- 
tibus, petalis apice subciliatis, pedunculis bifloris. 

Epidendrum lanceola. Swartz Prodr. 123. 

Dendrobium lanceola. Swartz! Fl. Ind. Occ. 1539. Willd. n. 10. 

Pleurothallis lanceola. Spreng. syst. 3. 731. 

Hab. super arbores in altissimis montibus Jamaica australis ; Swartz. (v. s. 
sp. in Herb. Banks. J 

Pedunculus capillaris, longitudine folii, squamis aliquot munitus. Flores 
fulvi v. aurantii, minuti. Labellum oblongum, obtusum, concavum, re- 
curvum, purpureum, margine luteumj ex Swartz. 

Obs. Rhizoma repens in exemplare Swartziano nullum. 

3. Specklinia emarginata. 

S. caulibus folio oblongo emarginato subaequalibus, sepalis lanceolatis, pe- 
dunculis bifloris. 


Epidendrum comiculatum. Swartz Prodr. 123. 

Dendrobium comiculatum. Swartz! Ft. Ind. Oec. 1537. Willd. n. 9. 
Epidendrum ? monophyllum. Hooker. JSxot Ft. t. 109. 
Cymlidium comiculatum. Spreng. syst. 3. 722. 

Hab. in Jamaica ; Swartz, Hooker, (v. s. sp. in Herb. Banks. J 

Pedicelli basi bractea cucullata suffulti. Sepala viridia. Petala dupld bre- 
viora medib purpurea. Labellum purpureum, lineari-lanceolatum, basi 
gibbosum. Columna apice dentata. Ovarium purpureum, verrucosum, 
teste Hookero. Folia ovalia marginata, apice bifida. Scapus capillaris, 
uniflorus, foliis duplb longior ; ex exempt. Swartziano. 

4. Specklinia floribunda. 

5. caule ancipiti folio oblongo-lanceolato duplb longiore, spica flexuosa 
multiflora folio aequali, labello trilobo 2-cristato. 

Dendrobium ophioglossoides. Sieber. Fl. Martin, exsicc. n. 206. 

Hab. in Martinica; Sieber. fhabeo s. sp. communic. amiciss. Prescot.) 

Caules numerosi, ereeti, ca;spitosi. Folium apice integrum mucronulatum. 
Alabastra ovata. Sepala lanceolata : lateralibus basi saccatis carinatis. 
Petala spatulata, minora, dcnticulata. Labellum petalis aequale, trilobum, 
crista duplici membranacea longitudinali. Columna semiteres, clinandrio 
cucullato, membranaceo, antice dentato. Anthera certo certius unilocu- 
lars, polliniis % plano-convexis, apice materie viscida cohffirentibus. 

? 5. Specklinia linearis. 

S. caule ancipiti folio lineari-oblongo subtriplb longiore, spicis capillaribus 
bifloris : altero folio subaequali, altero dupl5 breviore. 

Humboldtia purpurea. Flora Peruv. sj/st ! p. 233. 
Stelis purpurea. Pers. syn. 2. 524. 

Hab. in Mexico et Peruvia ; Pavon. (v. s. sp. dejloratum in Herb. Lambert.) 

Caules caepitosi, 2-3-unciales. Folia uncialia, apice aequalia, obtusa. 


Octomeria, R. Br. in H. Kew. ed. 2. v. 5. p. 21 1. 

Sepala patentia, aequalia, basibus paulb connata, lateralibus cum basi le- 
viter producta columnae connatis sed nullo modo obliquis. Petala sepalis 
aequalia et conformia. Labellum basi saccatum, leviter trilobum, cum 
pede columnae articulatum, patens. Columna semiteres, elongata, basi 
leviter et abrupte producta, cum ovario continua, nee incumbens. 
Anthera terminalis, 4-locularis, crista callosa. Pollinia 8, quaternatim 

cohaerentia, collateralia (OOOOOOOO). Herbas caulescentes, caulibus 

teretibus articulatis, vaginis fibrosis vestitis, monophyllis, (rarbfoliosis). 
Folia coriacea. Flores axillares, fasciculati aut solitarii, (rar6 terminales 
racemosi). Pedicelli bracteis imbricati. 

This genus forms a transition from PleurothalUa to Dendrobiece. The 
differences between it and Eria will be noticed in speaking of the latter 
genus, to which I have to add the remarkable circumstance of all the 
pollen masses being collateral and not lying in pairs upon each other, 
a fact which I have learned from Mr. Bauer's elaborate drawings. Dr. 
Hooker's figure in the Botanical Magazine, t. 2764, is at variance with 
fhis statement ; — but I presume that excellent Botanist's specimens were 
iu a very imperfect state, as I find in the same plate the anther, which in 
April, 1830. c 


the species represented by Dr. Hooker is unquestionably 4 celled with a 
fleshy crest, figured as absolutely bilocular without any crest. 

1. Octomeria graminifolia. R. Br. 

O. foliis solitariis lanceolatis, floribus axillaribus fasciculatis, labello ovato : 
lobis lateralibus abbreviatis intermedio bicostato tridentato, sepalis pe- 
talisque ovatis. 

Helleborine graminea repens biflora. Plum. sp. 9. ic. 176. f. 1. 
Epidendrum graminifolium. Linn, 1353. 
Dendrobium graminifolium. Willd. n. 15. 
Octomeria graminifolia. R. Br- I. c. Hooker, Bot. Mag. 2764. 

Hab. in insulis Caribceis. (v. v. cult.J 

Flores flavi, duabus maculis sanguineis, numero incerti, nunc solitarii, 
nunc binati ternative. Caules majores et crassiores quam in O. Baueri. 

2. Octomeria Baueri. 

O. foliis solitariis lanceolatis, floribus axillaribus fasciculatis, labello ob- 
longo : lobis lateralibus sinuosis intermedio elongato apice flexuoso 
dilatato apiculato, sepalis petalisque ovatis. 

Hab. in India Occidentals. Floruit in Horto regio Kewensi Martio 1817- 
(V. ic. pict. eel. Baueri. J 

Flores albi apice flavi. Labellum maculis nullis. 

This species and the foregoing so entirely resemble each other in habit, 
foliage and inflorescence, that it is in vain to seek to which of them the 
specific name graminifolia may with the greatest justice be applied. Mr. 
Brown's specific character is equally applicable to both, and any Botanist 
might be liable to confound them when dried. I have therefore retained 
the name for the species figured by Dr. Hooker, who may be considered 
as the first who really established the species with precision. 

3. Octomeria serratifolia. Hooker. 

O. foliis distichis apice serrulatis lineari-lanceolatis basi vaginantibus, 
racemo terminali paucifloro, labello oblongo-lineari crenulato : lobo 
intermedio abbreviato obtuso, sepalis petalisque lanceolatis. 

Octomeria serratifolia. Hooker. Bot. Mag. 2823. 
Hab. in montibus Brazilice. Hooker. 

Flores albi fulvo sufiFusi. Authera secundum cl. Hooker 2-locularis, loculis 
transversim septulo divisis ; (character insolitus ! ) An pollinia recte visa ? 
habitu valde suspicor generis esse #versi. 


Lepanthes. Swartz in act. Scient. Soc. Ups. vi.p. 85 ; Flora Ind. Occp. 1555. 
Sepala patula, basi, praesertim lateralia, connata. Petala duo, libera, nana. 
Labellum (secundum Swartzium nullum sed verosimiliter) apice bilobum 
cum columna connatum. Columna elongata, teres (secundum Swartz. 
bialata, sed alae verosimiliter lobi labelli connati, cum auctor ille alas L- 
cochlearifol'uB ettridentatce ad latera baseos columnae describat) . Pollinia 2. 
— I — Herbae epiphytae, caulibus filiformibus monophyllis vaginatis, spicis 
axillaribus, Pleurothallis omnino. habitu. Flores lutei, v. sanguinei, 
minutissimi, columna semper sanguinea. 


Obs. Genus recognoscendum, Swartzio solo visum. Exemplaria omnium 
specierum extant in Herb. Banksiano sed deflorata. Pleurothalli valde 

1. Lepanthes tridentata. Swartz. 

L. " folio ovato aeuto marginato apice tridentato ; floribus basi triquetris, 
petalis (sepalis) aeuminatis, alis columnar erecto-incurvis." Swartz. Ft. 
Ind. Occ.p. 1561. 

Epidendrum tridentatum. Swartz Prodr.p. 125. 

Hab. cum L. pulchell& ; Swartz. (v. s. sp. in Herb. Banks, sine floribus.) 

Flores purpureo-lutei. 

2. Lepantbes pulcbella. Swartz. 

L. "folio subrotundo acuto j petalis (sepalis) acuminatis ciliatis : interiori- 
bus (petalis) utrinque acutis postice cruciantibus." Swartz Ft. Ind. Occ. 
p. 1659. 

Epidendrum pulchellum. Swartz Prodr. p. 125. 

Hab. supra arbores inter muscos in altissimis montibus Jamaica, florens 
Julio et Augusto } Swartz. (v. s. sp. in Herb. Banks, sine floribus.) 

Flores majores quam L. concinnae, lutein Swartz. Folium ex exemplare in 
Herb. Banksiano ovatum, acutum, potius quam subrotundum. 

3. Lepanthes concinna. Swartz. 

L. " folio ovato-acuminato ; petalis (sepalis) subrotundis acutis ; interio- 
ribus (petalis) postice obtusis." Swartz Ft. Ind. Occ.p. 1557- 

Epidendrum ovale. Swartz Prodr. p. 125. 

Hab. in montibus altis caeruleis Jamaica, epiphyta florens vere ; Swartz. 
(v. s. sp. in Herb. Banks, sine floribus.) 

Flores flavi. Folia tricostata. 

4. Lepanthes cochlearifolia. Swartz. 

L. " folio orbiculato, convexo concavo.'* Swartz Ft. Ind. Occ. p. 1563. 
Epidenjdrum cochlearifolium. Swartz Prodr.p. 126. 

Hab. in truncis arborum nee non rupibus muscis vestitis in summis mon- 
tibus Jamaicce australis, florens ultimis mensibus anni ; Swartz. (v. s. sp. 
in Herb. Banks, sine floribut/) 

Flores sanguinei. Pollinium unicum ! Swartz. Caulis squamis ovatis 
ciliatis plurimis vestitus. 


Stelis. Swartz in Schrad. Diar. Botati. 1 799. p. 239. t. 2. /. 3. 

Sepala globoso-conniventia, aequalia, valvata, basibus subconnata. Petala 
nana. Labellum nanum petalis conforme. Columna nana, mutica, cum 
ovario continua. Anthera 1-locularis. Pollinia 2, ovata, cereacea, dis- 

tincta, nunc ad apiccm matcric viseida cohsercntia. Hcrbae epiphytic 

habitu Plcurothallis. 


1. Stelis ophioglossoides. Swartz. 

S. folio tenui lanceolato apice saepius recurvo, spica laxa folio longiore : 
rachi recta, floribus cernuis quaquaversis obsolete hexagonis, petalis 
truncatis, labello basi subcordato. 

Epidendrum ophioglossoides. Linn, 1353. Jac. Amer. Tlh. t. 133. 2. 

Epidendrum trigoniflorum. Swartz Prodr. 125. 

Dendrobium ophioglossoides. Swartz Nev. Act. Ups. 6. 83. 

Stelis ophioglossoides. Swartz ! Fl. Ind. Occ. t. 1551. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 935. 

Hab. super arbores in sylvis montosis Jamaica ; Swartz. (v. s. sp. in Herb. 
Banks, et v. cult.) 

2. Stelis micrantha. Swartz. 

S. folio oblongo-lanceolato coriaceo obtuso, spica folio duplb longiore : 
rachi recta, floribus nutantibus secundis trigonis, petalis apiculatis la- 
bello conformibus. 

Epidendrum micranthum: Swartz Prodr. 125. 

Stelis micrantha. Swartz ! Ft. Ind. Occ. 1553. Willd. n. 2. Hooker. Ft. exot. t. 158. 

Humboldtia parviflor? . Ft. Peruv ! syst. p. 236. 

Stelis parviflora. Pers. syn. no. 8. 

Hab. super arbores adque latera rupium in altis montibus Jamaica; Swartz ; 
in Peruvia ; Pavon. (v. s. sp. in Herb. Batiks, et Lambert, et v. cult.) 

Dr. Hooker represents the pollen masses as cohering by means of a 
transparent gland. This is however clearly a mistake. 

3. Stelis pusilla. Kunth. 

S. *' spica solitaria folium lanceolatum acutum coriaceum duplb superante, 
floribus subnutantibus : foliolis calycinis exterioribus subrotundis ob- 
tusis trinerviis subaequalibus." Kunth. in Humb. et Bonpl. n. g. et sp. 
pi. 1.361. Synops. 1.344. 

Hab. in Regno Quitensi, alt. 1230 hex. florens Maio ; Humboldt et Bonpland. 

4. Stelis carnosa. Kunth. 

5. " spica solitaria cylindracea folium oblongum obtusum subcarnosum 
duplb superante ; floribus approximatis erectiusculis ; foliolis calycinis 
exterioribus ovato-subrotundis enerviis subaequalibus." Kunth. I. c. 
Synops. 1. 344. 

Hab. in Provincia Jaen de Bracamoros, alt. lOOCMiex. florens Augusto } 
Humboldt et Bonpland. 

5. Stelis floribunda. Kunth. W 

5. " spicis subquaternis folio oblongo obtuso coriaceo duplb longioribus ; 
floribus subnutantibus ; foliolis calycinis exterioribus ovatis acutiusculis 
trinerviis interne pubescentibus subaequalibus." Kunth. I c Synops. 

Hab. in Andibus Popayanensium, alt. 1210 hex. florens Novembri • Hum- 
boldt et Bonpland. ' 

An Humboldtia polystachya R. et P. Kunth. 

6. Stelis angustifolia. Kunth. 

S. " spicis subgeminis folium oblongo-lanceolatum obtusiusculum subco- 
naceum sequantibusj floribus subnutantibus j foliolis calycinis exteriori- 


bus ovatis acutiusculis trinerviis interne pubescentibus subaequalibus." 
Kunth. I. c. Synops. 1.345. 

Hab. in Regno Novo Granatensi, regione temperata alt. 1004 hex. florens 
Decembri 3 Humboldt et Bonpland. 

An eadem ac. S. floribunda ? Kunth. 

7. Stems elongata. Kunth. 

S. " spica solitaria folium lanceolatum obtusum subcoriaceum quadruple 
superante ; floribus nutantibus 3 foliolis calycinis exterioribus oblongis 
obtusis trinerviis : superiore caeteris longiore." Kunth. I. c. Synops. 1.345. 

Hab. in Provincia Popayanensi, alt. 480 hex. florens Novembri 3 Humb. et 

8. Stems alba. Kunth. 

S. " spica solitaria folium oblongum acutiusculum subcoriaceum dup!5 
superante 3 floribus nutantibus 3 foliolis calycinis exterioribus ovato- 
oblongis acutis subaequalibus." Kunth. I. c. Synops. 1.345. 

Hab. in Prov. Popayanensi, alt. 1400 hex. florens Novembri 3 Humb. et 

9. Stelis macrocarpa. Kunth. 

S. " spicis subgeminis folio oblongo obtuso subcoriaceo dupl6 longiori- 
bus 5 floribus subnutantibus 5 foliolis calycinis exterioribus subrotundo- 
ovatis acutiusculis subquinquenerviis subaequalibus." Kunth. I. c. Sy~ 
nops. 1.345. 

Hab. in Regno Novo Granatensi, alt. 1360 hex. florens Decembri 3 Humb. 
et Bonpl. 

Steles omnes alias Willdenovii, sive Humboldtias Florae Peruviana^ praeter- 
mitto, prout inextricabiles, et descriptionibus miserrimis fretas, omnino 
Botanices indignis. Species 6 enumerantur, Peruvian propria?. 


Osyricera. Blume Bijdr. 307. Tabellen 58. 

Sepala subringentia ad basin subconnata : lateralibus omnino concretis. 
Petala minora. Labellum ventricosum, indivisum cum columme ungue 
calloso articulatum 3 limbo qpnvexo glanduloso. Columna brevis apice 
bialata : alis tricuspidatis. Ajithera semibilocularis, antea in laminam 

glandulosam expansa. Pollinia 2, ovalia, pulposo-cereacea. Herba 

epiphyta. Folia lineari-lanceolata, pseudobulbis moniliformibus suffulta. 
Spicae radicales. Flores purpurescentes. Character ex Blume. 

1. Osyricera crassifolia. Blume I. c. tab. 58. 

Hab. in arboribus ad montem Salak, Insulae Java, florens Decembri, Ja« 
nuario: Blume. 


Chrysoglossum. Blume Bydr. 337. Tabellen 7. 

Sepala ringentia, basi leviter coalita : lateralibus exterioribus labello sup- 
positis. Petala subaequalia. Labellum basi auriculatum, ungui columns 


calloso elastic^ affixura, interne lineis prominentibus cristatum : limbo 
sublobato patente. Columna cum ovario continua, utrinque cornuta, 
basi alata et callosa. Antbera bilocularis. Pollinia c l, subglobosa, an- 

gulata, libera. Herba? terrestres. Radices annulate repentes, fibril- 

latffi. Folia petiolis subbulbosis suffulta, subsolitaria. Pedunculi radicales. 
Flores laxe spicati, pedicillati, bracteati. Character ex Blume. 

1. Chrysoglossum ornatum. Blume. 

C. " foliis lanceolatis pedunculisque glabris, labelli lobis rotundatis : medio 

fornicato." Blume I. c. 
Hab. in montosis Salak, ad ripas fluvii Tjapus insular Java, florens De- 

cenibri; Blume. 

2. Chrysoglossum villosum. Blume. 

C. " foliis ovato-oblongis pedunculisque villosiusculis, labelli lobis latera- 

libus acutis." Blume I. c. tab. 7- 
Hab. in umbrosis montis Gede, insulae Javce, florens Maio ; Blume. 


Gastroglottis. Blume By dr. 397. 
Sepala patentia : lateralibus latioribus labello suppositis basique connatis. 
Labellum ventricosum, inferne cum columna connatum : limbo erecto, 
semitrifido. Columna superne libera, cum ovario continua, apice atte- 
nuata. Antbera dorsalis, bilocularis, denticulo dorsali affixa. Pollinia 4, 
obovata, per paria filis glutinosis cohaerentia. Planta terrestris. Ra- 
dices fibrosa?. Caulis simplex erectus. Folia oblongo-lanceolata, plicata. 
Pedunculus terminalis, elongatus, superne multiflorus. Flores parvi, 
sessiles, bracteolati, flavo-virentes. Char, ex Blume. 

Microstyli proxima sec. Blume. 

1. G. montana. Blume. 

Habitat inter lapides ad marginem fluvii Tjapus, Java, florens Decembri ; 


Restrepia. Kunth. n. g. et sp. 1. 367. 

Sepala patentia : supremo acuminatissimo, duobus inferioribus obtusis 
connatis. Petala libera, sepalo supremo conformia. Labellum integrum, 
liberum, patens, basi bicorne. Columna semiteres. Anthera terminalis. 

Pollinia 4. Arborum incola, caulescens, caule haud incrassato, squa- 

mis magnis vaginato. Folia plicata. Flores solitarii axillares. Character 
ex Kunthio. 

1. Restrepia antennifera. Kunth. 

Restrepia antennifera. Kunth. in Humb. et Bonpl. n. g. et jp. pi. 1. 367. t. 94. Synops. 1. 347. 

Hab. in declivitate Andium Paruguayensium, inter Almaguer et Pasto, ad 

arborum vetustarum truncos alt. 1480 hex. (Regno Novo Granat.) 

florens Novembri ; Kunth. 

Folia subrotundo-ovata membranacea petiolo canaliculato. Labellum ob- 
longo-lineare emarginatum seriebus 4 tuberculorum. 



Sepala patentia v. reflexa, saepius inter se aequalia, libera. Petala sepalis 
minora, nunc iis eonformia, nunc linearia, aliquando erosa. Labellum as- 
cendens, cum columna haud articulatum, forma varia, saepius elongatum, 
semper magis minusve distincte 4-lobum : lobis lateralibus nunc dentifor- 
mibus, intermediis quandoque fere connatis. Columna minima, libera, 
stigmate elevato. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia duo, pyriformia, solida. 
— Herbae supra arbores et saxa crescentes, saepius acaules, foliis semper 
distichis. Scapus saepius anceps. Flores nunc racemo longissimo verti- 
cillati, nunc alterni, virides v. lutei. 

This genus is nearly related to Stelis from which it is obviously distin- 
guished by its labellum, and its habit. From Pleurothallis to which one 
species has been lately referred it is distinguished both by its habit and by 
its lateral sepals not cohering in any degree. 

Ut Oberon, regiolus Me Dryadeus, Empusarum septentrionalium princeps, 
in ramos arborum equitat, inter folia vultum multiformem abscondens, 
sic herbiokz nostrce, facie non minus mutabiles, in India sylvis latitant v. in 
curru suofrondoso triumphant. 

1. Oberonia iridifolia. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1948. 

O. foliis latis ensiformibus, racemo longo basi ancipiti multifloro, floribus 
verticillatis, bracteis fimbriatis, sepalis reflexis, petalis erosis, labello 
subovato obtuso fimbriato basi concavo, obsolete 4-lobo. 

Mai ax is ensiformis. Smith. 

Cymbidium iridifolium. Roxb .' ffort. Bengal, p. 63. 

Hab. in Zeylona supra arbores, Macrae; in Otaheite, J. Banks; in Indies 
Orientalis agro Napalensi et Sillet. Wallich. (hab.s. sp. e museo Anglo- 
Indico j etiam e Zeylona.) 

Planta statura variabili nunc 3-unciali nunc sesquipedali. Folia ensiformia, 
recta, Iridis cujusdam facie., racemo, nunc longissimo, nunc abbreviato, 
nutante v. pendulo. Flores numerosissimi, lutei, verticillati, bracteis 
fimbriatis ; qua nota semper, quin deflorata dignoscatur. Sepala arete" 
reflexa, ovata, aequalia. Petala minora reflexa. Labellum erectum, 
marginibus fimbriatis involutis, ita ut prima fronte integrum videtur 
(intus barbatum ex Roxb. mss.) Capsular parvae obovatae angulis 6 ele- 

2. Oberonia longibracteata. 

O. foliis rectis ensiformibus racemo nutanti subaequalibus, scapo ancipiti, 
bracteis subulatis floribus mult5 longioribus, labello truncato utrinque 

Hab. in Zeylona supra rupes, Macrae (hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

O. iridifoliae similis qua differt foliis magis carnosis, bracteis petalisque 

integerrimis, floribus non verticillatis, demum labelli forma. Raeemus 

minus elongatus. Flores virides. 

3. Oberonia caulescens. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1950. 

O. caulescens, foliis ensiformibus angustis subfalcatis, racemo subflexuoso 
apice evanescente, floribus alternis, labello elongato cuneato bilobo basi 
carnoso obtuse bidentato. 

Hab. in Napalia ; Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e museo Jnglo-Indico). 


4. Oberonia anthropophora. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1951. 

O. foliis ensiformibus subfalcatis, spica nutante apice evanescente, floribus 
verticillatis, petalis linearibus, labelli trilobi lobo medio elongato bifido. 

Hab. in Tavoy, Indue Orientalis ; Wallich. {hab. s. sp. e museo Anglo- Indico.) 

Flores minutissimi. Sepala aequalia ovata obtusa. Labellum basi conca- 
vum lobis lateralibus brevibus semiovatis acutis. 

5. Oberonia bicornis. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1949. 

O. foliis brevibus subundulatis ovatis, raeemis multifloris nutantibus, flo- 
ribus subverticillatis, petalis ovatis, labello truncato sublunato basi 
bicorni, sepalis patentibus lateralibus brevioribus. 

Hab. in Sillet. Indite Orientalis ; Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e museo Anglo- Indico.) 

Herba floribunda, caespitosa, foliis subundulatis. Racemi numerosi, apice 
recurvi. Sepalum supremum ovato-lanceolatum, lateralibus multo bre- 
vioribus ovatis. Petala minora, ovata, acuta. Labellum breve, cucul- 
latum, truncatum, basi in cornubus duobus membranaceis, utroque costa 
media elevata ad basin connata instructo. 

6. Oberonia brevifolia. 

O. foliis brevibus ovatis, racemo stricto, labello oblongo basi cucullato 

apice crenulato, bracteis ovali-lanceolatis ovarii longitudine. 
Epidendrum equitans. Font! Prodr. n. 316. 

Cymbidium equitans. Swartz. n. act. Ups. 6. p. 72. Willd. n. 14- Thouars, t. 92. 
Pleurothallis disticha. Act. Rich. orch. 55. t. 8./. 1. 

Hab. in Societatis insulis, Forster ; Mauritii et Borbonia, Thouars. (v. s. in 
herb. Lambert, a Forstero ipso, et examinavi.) 

Hujus loci procul dubio est Ep. equitans, Forst. ut e speciminibus patet 
in Herb. Lamb, asservatis. Cum tamen C. equitans Herb. Banks, sit O. 
iridifolia, Wallichii O. caulescens, Blumii O. spatulata, et folia totius ge- 
neris sint equitantia, nomen specificum mutare ausus sum. 

7. Oberoria Myosurus. Lindl. in Wall. cat. no. 1947. 

O. foliis carnosis linearibus rectis racemo sequalibus, capsulis sphaericis 
hexangularibus, floribus 

Epidendrum Myosurus. Forst .' Prodr. n. 317 . 

Dendrobium Myosurus. Swartz. n. act. Ups. 6. 82. Willd. n. 4. 

Hab. in Societatis insulis, Forster; in Napalia, Wallich. (v. s. in Herb. Banks, et 
hab. s. sp. e museo Anglo-Indico, omnibus defloratis.) 

Herba parva, vix 4 uncias altitudine attingens, foliorum forma et racemo 
brevi prsecipue distinctum floribus ignotis. Folia fere semper emargi- 
nata v. truncata sunt ; hoc tamen casu quodam, potiusquam natura, 
accidisse opinor. 

8. Oberonia spatulata. 

O. " caule simplici folioso, foliis ensiformibus ad medium fere vaginalis 
XT 1 ™ 118 FeCtlS aUt recurvis > kbeUi Umbo spatulato emarginato." 

Malaxis equitans. Blmnep. 395. 

"tp^brif S B tme Um ¥ ' ^^ mm occidentalium Jav« insula,, florens 


9. Oberonia lunata. 

O. " foliis paucis ensiformibus basi vaginatis subincurvis, labelli limbo 

semilunato denticulato, capsulis oblongis." Blume. 
Malaxis lunata. Blume p. 394. 

Hab. in arboribus sylvarum montis Salak, Java?, florens Octobri Februario; 

10. Oberonia monstruosa. 

O. " caule simplice lato-folioso, foliis remotis ensiformibus subincurvis, 

spica elongate densiflora." Blume. 
Malaxis monstruosa. Blume p. 395. 

Hab. locis umbrosis ad montem Pantjar, Java, frugens Junio ; Blume. 
'' Species singularis O. equitanti affinis." 

11. Oberonia imbricata. 

O. " caule simplice folioso, foliis compressis vaginatis conferte imbricatis, 

labelli limbo ligulato denticulato." Blume. 
Malaxis imbricata. Blume p. 395. 
Hab. in sylvis humidis montium Gede, Salak, &c. Java, florens Septembri 

Decembri ; Blume. 

12. Oberonia microphylla. 

O. " subcaulescens, foliis paucis angusto-ensiformibus basi vaginatis sub- 
incurvis, sepalis interioribus erosis, labelli limbo producto rotundato 
emarginato." Blume. 

Malaxis microphylla. Blume p. 395. 

Hab. in elatis montis Salak, Java, florens Junio j Blume. 
" Flores miniati. Capsular triquetral." 

13. Oberonia similis. 

O. " foliis paucis ensiformibus basi vaginatis subrectis, labelli limbo semi- 
trifido eroso : lobo medio elongato bifido, capsulis obovato-globosis." 

Malaxis similis. Blume p. 394. 

Hab. in arboribus sylvarum montis Salak, Java, florens Januario, &c. Blume. 

" Ab O. lunata differt foliis angustioribus minus arcuatis, labelli et capsu- 
larum forma." Blume. 


Empusa, Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 825. Empusaria, Reichenbach Conspectus p. 69. 

Sepala patentiaj lateralia basi inaequalia, cum basi labelli oblique connata 
eoque supposita > supremum et petala linearia patentia. Labellum erec- 
tum, cucullatum, basi auriculatum, cum columna connatum, bitubercula- 
tum, limbo patente indiviso. Columna elongata, semiteres, arcuata, 
apice utrinque alata. Antherabilocularis. Pollinia4,collateralia(oooo). — 
Herbaepiphyta, foliis membranaceis plicatis,racemoterminali multifloro. 

1 . Empusa paradoxa. Lindley. 

Malaxis lancifolia. Smith! in Rees. 

t-mpusa paradoxa. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 825. Wall. Cat. Herb. Ltd. ho. 1937. 

April, 1830. p 


Hab. supra arbores ad Tokam Napalice, etiam in Kamoon, Wallich. (hab. s. 
sp. e museo Anglo- Indico). 

Caulis pedalis et ultra, angulis membranaceis. Folia elliptico-oblonga, 
plicata, acuminata, 6-8 pollices longa. Racemus terminalis, 5-6 pollices 
longus, multiflorUs. Flores ochroleuei, inodori. Sepala lateralia serai- 
ovata, obtusa, oblique cum basi labelli accreta eoque supposita : supre- 
mum lineare duplb longius. Petala linearia reflexa. Labellum retusum 
cum mucrone. 


Malaxis § 2 . Platystylis. Blume By dr. p. 389. tabell. f. 54. 

Sepala patentia, libera; lateralia labello supposita, supremo angustiora. 
Petala filiformia. Labellum ascendens, indivisum, medio sulcatum, 
etuberculatum. Columna dilatata, compressa, erecta, disciformis, stig- 
mate marginato. Anthera parva bilocularis. Pollinia 4, tollateralia. — 
Herbse epiphytae, habitu Liparis verae. 

1. Platystylis decurrens. 

P. '* bulbis ovatis compressis, foliis binis lanceolatis carinatis, pedunculo 
nutante, bracteis ovatis decurrentibus, labello utrinque dente instructo, 
limbo ovato convexo.'' Blume. 

Malaxis decurrens. Blume p. 390, tab. 54. 

Hab. in truncis arborum ad montem Salak, Java, florens Maio Octobri ; 

" Flores dilute aurantiaci. Sepala margine recurvata, papillosa. Labellum 
interne glandule excavata munitum." Blume. 

2. Platystylis atropurpurea. 

P. " bulbis ovatis compressiusculis vaginatis, foliis binis ovatis, pedunculo 
erecto pentagono, bracteis lineari-lanceolatis carinatis, labelli limbo 
emarginato cum mucrone." Blume. 

Malaxis atropurpurea. Blume p. 390. 

Hab. in paludosis montis Salak, Java, florens Octobri ; Blume. 

" Flores atropurpurei, in summo pedunculo conferti ; sepala exteriora tri- 
nervia; labellum margine ciliolatum." Blume. 


Microstylis, Nutt. gen. Amer. 2. 196. Lindl. orch. seel. no. 135.— Crepidium, Blume 
Bijdr. 387. tabell. fig. 63. 

Sepala patentia, libera; lateralia basi aequalia, saepius breviora. Petala pa- 
tentia, linearia v. filiformia. Labellum patentissimum, cum columna 
angulum rectum formans, basi excavatum, sagittatum v. auriculatum, 
integerrimum v. dentatum, tuberculis nullis. Columna minima, raro 
paululum elongata, apice dentibus s. auribus duabus instructa. Anthera 
bilocularis. Pollinia 4, collateralia.— Herbse terrestres v. epiphytae ha- 
bitu Liparis, foliis plicatis v. membranaceis basi rarb incrassatis. Flores 
herbacei, nunc flaveseentes v. discolores. 


1. Microstylis monophyllos. 

M. caule unifolio, racemo rarifloro, labello acuminata integerrimo. 

Ophrys monophyllos. Linn. 
Epipactis folio unico, &c. Hall. Helv. t. 36. 
Monorchis ophioglossoides. Mentzelius pug. t.b./.\.2. 
Malaxis monophyllos. Willd. no. 4. 

Hab. in Europce paludibus, sylvaticis, alpestribusque ; etiam in America 
septentrionali prope Halifax ; Gouldie {hab. s, sp.) 

Variat foliis binis, Swartz in Fl. lnd. Occ. p. 1443 ; quae Ophrys bifolia, 
Flora Suecica 2. 811. 

2. Microstylis ophioglossoides. Nuttall. 

M. caule unifolio, racemo obtuso capitato multifloro, labello tridentato. 
Lindley in Botanical Register, fol. 1290. 

Malaxis unifolia. Michaux. 

Malaxis ophioglossoides. Willd. no. 3. Lodd. Dot. Cab. t, 1116 bona. 

Microstylis ophioglossoides. Nutt. gen. 2.196. 

fi ; mexicana -, caule pedali, racemo densiore, labelli dente media lateralibus minore. Bot. 
Reg. t. 1290. 

Hab. in America septentrionali ad radices arborum, in Canada {Gouldie), 
Nova Scotia (Menzies), New Jersey (Nuttall) — ft in Mexico, (hab. s. sp.; 
ft. hab. s. sp. et v. v. c.) 

Varietas Mexicana vix differt nisi statura majore ; eadem habet folium soli- 
tarium oblongum atroviride, eundem racemum depressum quasi umbel- 
latum demum in cylindrum abeuntem, eosdem flores cum eodem labello 
truncato equitante cujus dens intermedia lateralibus minor. 

3. Microstylis diphyllos. 

M. ** foliis duobus ovatis lanceolatisve acutis la^vibus, scapo triquetro, la- 
bello subrotundo acuminato, acumine lacinias haud superante." Chamisso. 

Malaxis diphyllos. Chamisso in Linneea 3. 34. 

Hab. " in turfosis convallium infimorum Unalaschkce solitarib proveniens ;" 

4. Microstylis umbellulata. 

M. caule diphyllo, foliis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis margine subundulatis 
longissime vaginantibus reticulata -venosis, floribus umbellatis. 

Malaxis umbellulata. Swartz ! Prodr. p. 119. Fl. I»d. Occ. p. 1444. Willd. no. 2. 

Hab. nemorosa subhumida in montibus altis Jamaica australis ; Swartz. 
(v. s. sp. in Herb. Banks.) 

Scapus pentagonus. Flores Microstylis spicatae. (ex Swartz). Jnflores- 
centia M. ophioglossoidis junioris. 

5. Microstylis spicata. 

M. caule diphyllo, foliis cordatis, scapo tetragono, labelli trilobi lobo 

medio elongato. 

Malaxis spicata. Swartz! Prodr. p. 119. Flora India Occ. p. 1441. *. 28. figg. a. 6. ft 
Willd. no. 1. 

Hab. in locis depressis montium Jamaica; Swartz. (v. s. sp. in Herb. Banks.) 
Scapus pedalis. Spica 2-3 pollicaris, floribus approximatis magnitudine 
Malaxis paludosae, pallide virentes. Capsula tricarinata. Swartz. 


6. Michostylis Wallichii. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1938. 

M. caule folioso, foliis oblongis acuminatis, racemo elongato rarifloro, 

sepalis oblongo-linearibus, petalis filiformibus supremo brevioribus, la- 

bello ovali apice leviter bifido. 
Hab. in Napalia et Sillet, India Orientalis, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo 

Anglo-Indico benigne communicatum). 
In sicco folia semper discoloria, dum in M. biloba vicina sunt pallide vi- 

ridia. Flores lividi ex icone et schedis Wallichianis. 

7. Michostylis biaurita. Lindl. I. c. no. 1941. 

M. caule folioso, foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis, racemo denso multifloro, 
labello acuminato obtuso integerrimo basi bicristato, columnae alis peta- 
loideis, sepalis lateralibus petalisque secundis. 

Hab. in Pundua, Indite Orientalis; Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico.) 

Spithamrea, racemo ultra folia paulb evecto. 

8. MrcROSTYLis biloba. Lindl. I. c. no. 1940. 

M. caule folioso, foliis oblongis acuminatis, racemo elongato rarifloro, se- 
palis oblongis, petalis linearibus truncatis supremo aequalibus, labello 
ovato apice bilobo : sinu aperto. 

? Malaxis acuminata. Don. Prodr. 29. 

Hab. in Napalia et Ava, India Orientalis, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- 

Herba gracilis pedalis. Flores verosimiliter flavescentes. M. Wallichii 
valde affinis characteribus datis abunde diversa. 

9. Microstylis discolor. 

M. caule folioso, foliis ovato-oblongis abrupte petiolatis undulatis plicatis, 
labello ovato integerrimo basi cucullato, columna apice bicorni, sepalis 
petalisque secundis. 

Hab. in pratis apricis ad latera collium Zeylona, florens Julio ; Macrae. 
(hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

Herba 6 uncias alta, foliis purpureis, floribus luteis in purpureo mutabilibus. 

10. Michostylis purpurea. 

M. caule folioso, foliis ovato-oblongis abrupte petiolatis plicatis, labello 
bifido acuminato basi longe equitante, sepalis obtusis, petalis linearibus 
truncatis, columna apice aptera. 

Hab. in umbrosis ad ripas fluminum Zeylona, florens Septembri ; Macrae, 
(hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

Caulis pedalis pentaphyllus, racemo denso ovato, floribus atropurpureis. 

11. Micbostylis flavescens. 

M. " foliis ovato-lanceolatis, labello integerrimo.'' Blume. 

Crepidium flavescens. Blume p. 388. 

Hab. in cacumine montis Burangrang Provincial Krawang insula? Java, 
florens Junio j Blume. 

An cadem ac Microst. discolor. 


12. .Microstylis versicolor. 

M. caule folioso, foliis cordato-v. ovato-oblongis abrupte petiolatis undu- 
latis plicatis, labello transverso antice dentato basi cucullato parum 
equitante, columna apice bicorni, sepalis petalisque secundis. 

Hab. in India Orientali, Hayne in Museo Anglo-Indico ; in pratis apricis 
ad latera collium Zeylonee, florens Julio ; Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et v.ic.pict.) 

M. Rheedii valde affinis, sed distincta statura minore, foliorum forma et 
riorum magnitudine. Illius equidem analysis me fefellit, diversas tamen 
esse proculdubio existimo. Flores lutei in purpureo mutabiles. 

I do not think there are any materials in this country sufficient for de- 
termining exactly what the Malaxis Rheedii of Swartz is, or rather the 
Basaala Poulou-Maravara of the Hortus Malabaricus upon which that 
species was founded. Of a Microstylis from India answering to Rheede's 
figure I have seen no specimen. The Epidendrum resupinatum of Forster 
which is referred to it as a synonym, exists in the Banksian Herbarium, 
and there is also a drawing of that species in the same collection, and 
these agree extremely well with the Hortus Malabaricus figure : but they 
are undoubtedly distinct from M. versicolor in their greater size and 
much larger oblong-lanceolate leaves. Their flowers I have not analysed, 
but if the Crepidium Rheedii of Blume belongs to Malaxis Rhedii, which 
I scarcely doubt, the flowers are essentially distinct also. 

13. Microstylis Rheedii. 

M. caule folioso, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis plicatis, labello truncato dentato 
basi longe equitante. 

Epidendrum resupinatum. Forst.! fide iconis Forsterianae in Bibliotheca Banksiana. 

Malaxis Rheedii. Willd. no. 5. 

? Crepidium Rheedii. Blume p. 387./. 63. 

Hab. in India Orientali, Rheede ; in sylvis opacis Javce, Blume ; in insula 
Otaheite ; Banks. Forster. (v. s. sp. dejtor. in Herb. Banks.) 

Variat foliis purpurascentibus et viridibus. Blume. 

Obs. Columna apice alata diptera, alis subquadratis, si planta Blumii eadem : 
specimina in Herb. Banks, deflorata nihil docent. 

f 14. Microstylis ? macrostachya. 

Ophrys macrostachya. Have nov. veg. Mex. 2.9. 

" Planta terrestris habitu gracilis. Radix bulbo unico oblongo. Folium 
unicum, radicale, ovatum, vaginans, uninerve ; squamulae foliaceae basin 
amplectentes. Scapus tetragonus, longissimus, erectus. Flores spicati, 
sessiles, conferti, bracteis linearibus cincti. Perigonium herbaceum, 
5-fidum. Segmenta tria exteriora ovata, patentia ; duo lateralia angus- 
tiora lunulata. Labellum concavum, subrotundum, concolor, obtusfe acu- 
minatum. Gynostemium brevissimum. Anthera bilocularis ad apicem. 
Pollinis massulae duse minutissimBe. Stigma non aspectabile." Have I. c. 

Hab. in Mexico prope Jesus del Monte, juxta Vallisoletum, florens Augusto ; 



Dienia, Lindley in But. Reg. 825. Pedilea, Lindl. in Hook. Fl. 115. in notis, 
Orch. seel. no. 144. c. ic. 

Sepala patentia, libera ; lateralia basi cequalia saepius breviora. Petala 
filiformia patentia. Labellum erectum, basi cum columna accretum, 
etuberculatum, nunc concavum membranaceum acute trilobum, nunc 
excavatum margine callosum apice trilobum, v. integrum. Columna 
elongata, semiteres, recta, clavata, cum labello concavo minutissima. 
Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 4, collateralia (oo oo). — Herbae terrestres, 
foliis basi parum incrassatis, membranaceis, plicatis. Scapus teres v. 
saltern apterus. Flores parvi, herbacei v. fusci, racemosi, v. spicati, ter- 
minals, angulis fructus saepe crispis. 

This genus differs from Liparis chiefly in the shortness and straightness 
of the column connected with a three lobed concave erect or excavated 
lip, which is scarcely recurved about the middle, and which has never any 
tubercles at its base. The column of Liparis is always arcuate. From 
Microstylis, with which it agrees in the shortness of the column, it 
is distinguished by its lip being parallel with the column, not at right 
angles with it, and neither sagittate nor cordate at the base. 

1. Dienia congesta. Lindley in Wall. Cat. no. 1936. 

D. caule folioso, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis plicatis, spica densa 
cylindracea, perianthii laciniis secundis, labello oblongo excavato apice 
calloso tridentato : dentibus obtusis intermedio ovato. 

Malaxis latifolia. Smith ! in Rees. 
Dienia congesta. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 825. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich; in China", Reeves, (hob. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico ; 
v. ic. pict. sinens. in Bibl. Hort. Soc.) 

Planta terrestris pedalis v. ultra. Scapus apice spicatus, floribus luteo 
viridibus, minutis, densis, in cylindrum collectis. Sepala lineari-lance- 
olata obtusa ; lateralibus a labello recurvis. Petala filiformia patentia. 
Labellum cum columna parallelum, excavatum, cucullatum, apice cal- 
losum tridentatum, dentibus obtusis, intermedio ovato. Columna semi- 
teres excavationis labelli longitudine, apice bialata. Ovarium et capsula 
angulis membranaceis undulatis. 

2. Dienia fusca. 

D. caule folioso, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis petiolatis acuminatis plicatis, 
spica densa ovata cylindracea, perianthii laciniis secundis, labello sub- 
rotundo excavato apice calloso tridentato vix cucullato : dentibus obtusis 
intermedio conico. 

Hab. in Zeylona in montibus, Macrae (hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

Priori valde affinis. Flores fusco-purpurei. 

3. Dienia cylindrostachya. Lindl. I. c. no. 1934. 

D. caule unifolio, folio ovato obtuso, spica densa cylindracea, perianthio 
explanato, labello excavato apice calloso subintegro, columna brevissimfc. 
Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. {hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 

Planta habitu Microstylis monophyllse sed floribus densioribus distinguenda. 
Palmaris v. sesquipedalis. Pcrianthium explanatum. Sepala ovata 


acuta. Petala filiformia. Labellum ovatum, excavatum, basi subcucul- 
latum, apice callosum obtusum obsolete trilobum. Columna brevissima. 

4. Dienia muscifera. Lindl. I. c. no. 1935. 

D. caule diphyllo, foliis latis oblongis obtusis, racemo rarifloro, perianthio 
explanato, labelli trilobi lacinia media sepalisque latcralibus acuminatis, 
columna brevissima. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 

D. Gmelini vald6 affinis sed omnibus partibus major. Pedalis v. sesqui- 
pedalis. Folia multb latiora. Raeemus rariflorus, aliquando 9 uncias 
longus. Flores herbacei. Sepala lateralia acuminata ovato-lanceolata : 
supremum acutum. Labellum posticum, cucullatum, medio tricostatum, 
margine calloso, dentibus lateralibus abbreviatis, intermedio acuminato. 
Capsular oblongs, membranacea?, apteraj. 

5. Dienia Gmelini. 

D. caule diphyllo, foliis oblongis obtusis, racemo rarifloro, perianthio ex- 
planato, labelli trilobi laciniis acutis, columna brevissima. 
Orchis radice subrotunda, Iabello hastato. Gmelin .' sib. 1, 18. t. 4 f. 1. bona. 
Hab. in Sibiria ; Gmelin. {hab. s. sp.) 

Sepala ovata acuta. Petala filiformia sepalo supremo aequalia. Labellum 
cucullatum, posticum, concavum, non excavatum, tridentatum, dentibus 
acutis : lateralibus multo minoribus. Scapus 9 uncias altus. Flores 
minutissimi herbacei. 

Debeo benevolentiae amicissimi Prescot. 

6. Dienia calycina. 

D. caule monophyllo, folio oblongo obtusiusculo, spica elongata tereti, 
sepalis subrotundo-ovatis petalisque linearibus patentibus, labelli nani 
cuneati trilobi lobis lateralibus incurvis intermedio ovato patente, co- 
lumna brevissima. 

Ophrys monophyllos. Pavon. in Herb. Lambert. 

Hab. in Mexico ; Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lamb.) 

Sesquipedalis, gracilis. Capsular obovatae, obtusangulae. 

7. Dienia Myurus. 

D. caule folioso, foliis binis inferiore oblongo obtuso : superiore ovato, 
spica densa cylindracea, Iabello ovato excavato integro, petalis filifor- 
mibus reflexis. 

Pedilea. Lindl. orch. seel. no. 144./>. 27. c. ic. 

Hab. in Mexico; Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 

Habitus quodammodo Microstylis ophioglossoidis. Caulis pedalis. Flores 

minimi, virides. Pollinia 4, per paria cohaerentia, olim male visa et pro 

2 habita ; unde genus nostrum spurium Pedilea. 


Malaxis, Swartz act. Holm. 1800.^. 233. t. 3. P. 
Sepala patentia, libera, subaequalia. Petala sepalis dupld minora, conformia. 
Labellum posticum, ascendens, concavum, integerrimum, etubercula- 
tum, petalis conforme. Columna minima, teres, apice utrinque dentata. 


Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 4 incumbentia ( § § )• — Herba paludosa, 
foliis paucis venosis basi carnosis. Flores racemo stricto dispositi, luteo 

Obs. In my Synopsis of the British Flora the number of pollen masses 
is erroneously said to be 2. Their real number and position were first 
made known to me by Mr. Bauer's drawings ; the position in which the 
pollen masses lie, one upon the other instead of side by side, gives them 
the appearance of being 2 instead of four, and caused the error here ad- 
verted to. 

1. Malaxis paludosa. Swartz. 

Ophrys paludosa. Linn. sp. pi. 1341. 

Malaxis paludosa. Swartz I. c. p. 127. t. 6./. 2. Willd n. 7. Eng. Bot. 72. 

Hab. in paludosis et turfosis Europce septentrionalis. (hab. s. sp. et v. v. sp.) 

M. Brasiliensis ; caule vaginato, foliis lanceolatis coriaceis, racemo spicato, 
sepalis interioribus angustis, labello trilobo connivente, lobo medio acuto 
apice subcorneo. Habitat in Brazil. Spreng. syst. 3.740. 


Nephelaphyllum, Blume Bijdr. 372. tabellen 22. 

Scpala et petala linearia, patentissima v. reflexa. Labellum calcaratum, 
integerrimum, liberum, linea media elevata, limbo petaloideo cum co- 
lumna parallelo. Columna semiteres. Anthera carnosa, triangularis ! 
bilocularis. Pollinia 8, subquadrata. — Herbae terrestres, subcaules- 
centes, glabra?, foliis ovatis, petiolatis, plicatis, supra nebulosis (unde 
nomen), subtus purpurascentibus, pedunculo terminali multifloro, flori- 
bus pedicillatis. 

Character ex icone et descriptione Blumii. 

1. Nephelaphyllum tenuiflorum. Blume. 

N. " floribus laxe spicatis cernuis, labello limbo intus rugoso-muricato.' 

Blume I. c. 
Hab. in sylvis altioribus montis Salak insula? Java ; Blume. 

2. Nephelaphyllum pulchrum. Blume. 

N. ** floribus dense spicatis, labelli limbo intus lineis tribus muricatis." 

Blume I. c. t. 22. 
Hab. in locis humidioribus sylvarum Salak insula? Javce, florens Januario- 

Aprili : Blume. 


Acianthus. R. Br. Prodr. 1.321. 

Sepala subringentia, acuminatissima, libera : lateralibus labello suppositis. 
Petala minora acuminata. Labellum liberum, integrum, basi bicallosuim 
disco nudo. Columna semiteres, clavata. Anthera terminalis, recum- 
bens, bilocularis. Stigma ovatum, transversum. Pollinia 8, ad basin in 
materie granulosa v. subpulverea solubilia. — Herbae tenerae, glabella- 
Tuberes indivisi, solitarii, nudi, novello pedicillato. Caulis unifolius, 


ad ipsam basin vagina brevi inclusus, superne ebracteatus. Folium pro- 
funde~cordatum, reticulata -venosum, subtus rufum. Flores racemosi, 
v. solitarii, rufi. 

Character e descriptione R. Brownii, et Aciantho exserto. 

Genius medium tenens inter Malaxideas et Arethuseas quoad polliniorum 

1. Acianthus exsertus. R.Br. 

A. floribus racemosis, aristis brevissimis, galea basi attenuate foliolis inte- 
rioribus horizontaliter reflexis, labello apice papuloso, eolumna exserta. 
R. Brown Prodr. 321. 

Acianthus fornicatus. Sieber .' Ft. N. Holl. n. 159. 

Hab. ad Portum Jackson Nov<e Hollandice, R. Brown. Sieber, Caleij (hab. 
s. sp.) 

2. Acianthus fornicatus. R. Br. 

A. floribus racemosis, aristis perianthio quadruplo brevioribus, foliolis 
interioribus erectiuseulis, labello longitudinaliter papuloso, eolumna in- 
clusa. R. Brown ! Prodr. 321. 

Hab. ad Portum Jackson Novce Hollandice, R. Brown, (hab. s. sp. comm. a 
celeberr. Brown.) 

3. Acianthus caudatus. R. Br. 

A. scapo 1-2-floro, aristis longissimis, folii marginibus undulatis. R. Brown 
Prodr. 321. 

Hab. ad Portum Jackson Novce Hollandice ,• R. Brown. 

4. Acianthus ? bifolius. R. Br. 

A. scapo unifloro, foliis radicalibus binis cucullatis, perianthio mutico, 
foliolis 3 exterioribus conformibus : lateralibus reflexis, interiorum ? la- 
teralibus angusto-linearibus. R. Brown Prodr. 322. 

Epipactis reflexa. Lab. Nov. Holl. t. 211./. 1. 

Hab. in Insula Van Diernen, Labillardiere, R. Brown. 

Generis dubii sec. cl. Brown, medium tenens inter Acianthum et Chilo- 
glottim suam, cum illo numero polliniorum conveniens, cum hac foliia 
radicalibus binis, et sepalis muticis. 


Cyrtosia. Blume Bijdr. 396. tabelkn 6. 

Sepala et petala conniventia. Labellum carnosum, concavum, intos dis- 
coideum, cum eolumna inferne connexum : limbo rotundato v. emar- 
ginato recto. Columna subincurva, superne dilatata aut subalata. An- 
thera carnosa, bilocularis, columnam postice terminans. Pollinia 2, 
reniformia, farinoso-pulposa, libera. Capsula siliquaeformis, carnosa. 
Semina tunicata. — Herbae terrestres, caulescentes. Radices tuberoses, 
conglobatae, difformes. Caules aphylli, (stipulis instructi ! ?) Flores 
spicafl, v. paniculati, bracteolati. 

Character ex Blume. An potius Neottiea? An Vanilla; et Epistephio 
affinior ? 
April, 1830. r 


1. Cybtosia javanica. Blume. 

C. " caulibus subsimplicibus, labello intus disco hirsuto instructo, limbo 
rotundato.'' Blume I. c. tab. 6. 

Hab. in altioribus montium insulae Java, florens Augusto ; Blume. 

2. Cyrtosia altissima. Blume. 

C. " caulibus ramosis scandentibus (50-70 ped. altitud.) labello intus cris- 
tato, limbo semitrilobo.'' Blume I. c. 

Hab. in montanis Seribu, insulae Javce, florens Aprili-Junio ; Blume. 


Liparis, Rich. orch.Eur. 30./. 10. — Sturmia, Reich, conspectus p. 69. n. 1564.- — 
Cestichis, Thouars orch. Afr. t. 90. 

Sepala patentia, libera 5 lateralia basi aequalia saepius breviora. Petala 
sepalis angustiora, rarb aequalia, linearia v. filiformia. Labellum ascen- 
dens v. erectum, basi cum columna paululum accretum, supra basin 
saepius bituberculatum, integrum, nunc mucronibus aliquot sed lobis 
nullis. Columna elongata, semiteres, incurva, apice marginata. An- 
thera bilocularis. Pollinia 4, collateralia (0000). — Herbae terrestres 
v. epiphytae, foliis basi in pseudo-bulbum concretis, nunc membranaceis 
plicatis, nunc subcoriaceis venis minus distinctis. Scapus teres v. an- 
gulatus, v. anceps. Flores parvi, herbacei, racemosi, rarb lutei v. albi. 

Sect. 1. Folia membranacea, plicata. Plures terrestres. 

Liparis vera. 

1. Liparis Rheedii. 

L. " bulbis subcylindraceis, foliis pluribus ovato-lanceolatis, pedunculo 
erecto tetraquetro, bracteis semilanceolatis, limbo rotundato crenulato. ' 

Malaxis Rheedii. Blume p. 389. tab. 54. 

Hab. in sylvis umbrosis montium Seribu, Java, florens Februario ; Blume. 

" Sepala margine reflexa, sordide purpurascentia j labellum luteum ; gy 
nostemium purpurascens. Folia membranacea." Blume. 

2. Liparis nervosa. 

L. foliis pluribus ovato-oblongis undulatis acutis racemo sparso paucifloro 
brevioribus, scapo angulato, floribus longe pedunculatis cernuis, labello 
cuneato (ovato sulcato emarginato Th.) retuso basi bicalloso. 

Ophrys nervosa. Thunb. Jap. 27. 

Epidendrum nervosum. Thunb. ic. pi. Jap. 1. 10. 

Malaxis nervosa. Swartz act. Halm. 1800. p. 235. Willd. «. 10. 

Hab. in Japonia, juxta Osacca et Jedo, florens Junio et Maio > Thunberg} 

in China; Reeves, (v. ic. pict. sinens. in Bibl. Hort. Soc.) 
Flores purpurei. Folia palmaria. 

t 3. Liparis odorata. 

L. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis plicatis, racemo erecto multifloro, scapo tri- 

gono, labello ovato concavo, floribus flavo-viridibus. 
Kattou pounam marawara. Rheede mat. 12. p. 55. t. 28. 
Malaxis odorata. mild. n.6. 


Hab. in India Orientali ; Rheede. 

This is an obscure plant of which no modern botanist seems to have 
seen a specimen. It is, if correctly described, distinguishable from L. 
elatabyits flowers being sweetscented and yellowish green, with anovatelip. 

4. Li par is elata. Lindley. 

L. foliis pluribus oblongis acutis plicatis racemo erecto multifloro brevio- 
ribus, scapo angulato, labello obovato retuso basi bicalloso purpureo, 
sepalis herbaceis lateralibus oblique recurvis. 

Cymbidium ? veratrifolium. Wallich in iconibus Musei Anglo- Indict no. 634. 
Liparis bituberculata. Lindl. in B. Reg. 882. 

Cymbidium ? bituberculatum. Hooker Exot. Fl. t. 116. (polliniis erroneis.) 
Liparis elata. Lindley in Bot. Reg. t. 1175. 

Hab. in India Orientali, Wallich ; etiam in Brazilia (v. v. cult.) 

I was formerly of opinion that the Brazilian and Indian plants were dif- 
ferent ) but more recent observation and the inspection of Dr. Wallich's 
Indian drawings have induced me to combine them. I presume there is 
no doubt of the plant in the Garden of the Horticultural Society, from 
which L. elata was originally described, being really of Brazilian origin ; 
and yet it is undoubtedly possible that there may have been some trans- 
position of labels. I do not adopt the older specific name of bitubercula- 
tum because it is expressive of a character common to every species of 
the genus. 

5. Liparis olivacea. Lindl. in Wall. cat. no. 1942. 

L. foliis binis v. solitariis subrotundis cordatis, v. oblongis acuminatis pli- 
catis racemo erecto multifloro brevioribus, scapo basi tereti, labello 
obovato retuso cum mucrone basi bicalloso, sepalis obtusis : laterali- 
bus labello suppositis. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico benigne commu- 
nicatum et v. ic. pict.) 

Pseudo-bulbus ovatus vaginis obtusis tectus. Folia 1 v. 2, sessilia, in icone 
cordata subrotunda acuta, in exemplare augustiora. Scapus angulatus, 
foliis multo longior. Racemus multiflorus. Flores olivacei. Sepala 
obtusa J lateralia labello supposita, patentia. Petala subulato-linearia, 
acuta. Labellum subrotundum, cuneatum cum mucrone, basi bicallosum. 
Columna apice alata, basi labello accreta. 

6. Liparis barbata. 

L. foliis binis oblongis acuminatis plicatis racemo paucifloro subcorymboso 

subaequalibus, labello cuneato barbato basi sulcato. 
Hab. in pratis ad latera collium Zeylona, florens Noverabri, Macrae, (hab. 

s. sp, et v. ic. pict.) 
Herba pusilla, 4-uncialis, caulibus carnosis fusiformibus teretibus vaginatis. 

Folia 3, oblonga, acuminata, venosa. Racemus subcorymbosus foliis 

brevior. Flores vi rides. Columna apice aptera v. levissime tantum 

L. purpurascenti valdfe similis. 

7. Liparis purpurascens. Lindley. 

L. foliis 2-3 cordatis ovatisve acutis undulatis plicatis racemo corymboso 
paucifloro subaequalibus, labello subrotundo dentato emarginato. 


Ophrys salassia. Herb- Commers. sec. A. Rich. 

Malaxis purpurascens. Thouars orch. Afr. tt. 26. 27. 

Liparis purpurascens. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 882. A. Rich. orch. Maur.p. 53. 

Hab. in insulis Borbonia et Mauritii, Thouars, A. Richard. 

Flanta humilis, 3-uncialis, caule squamulis aliquot vestito. Flores pur- 
purascentes. Fructus obovatus, costatus, corymbosus. 

8. Liparis atropurpurea. 

L. foliis 2-3 subrotundis acuminatis petiolatis plicatis basi obliquis cucul- 
latis racemo erecto rarifloro subaequalibus, scapo tereti, labello oblongo 
obtuso recurvo crenulato, sepalis lateralibus oblongo-lanceolatis obliquis, 
petalis longissimis filiformibus. 

Hab. in Zeylona, Macrae, (hab. s. sp.) 

Species pulcherrinia L. napalensi valde affinis, floribus atropurpureis, foliis 
basi cucullatis, et labelli forma, distinctissima. 

9. Lipahis napalensis. Lindley. 

L. foliis binis cordatis acuminatis petiolatis plicatis racemo erecto rarifloro 
paulo longioribus, scapo angulato, labello maximo recto cucullato ob- 
longo acuminato, sepalis petalisque linearibus patentibus. 

Malaxis cordifolia. Smith ! in Rees. 

Liparis nepalensis. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 882. Spreng, no. 4. 

Aciantbus petiolatus. Don Prodr. nep. p. 28. 

Hab. supra rupibus saxisque Sheopore montis Napalice, florens Junioj 

Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 
Flores virides. 

10. Liparis liliifolia. Richard. 

L. foliis binis oblongis acutis plicatis racemo multifloro multb brevioribus, 
scapo angulato, labello maximo obovato mucronato recurvo discolore, 
sepalis linearibus patentissimis. 

Ophrys liliifolia. I. inn. sp. pi. 1341. Bot. Rep. 1. 65. 

Malaxis liliifolia. Swart z act. Holm. 1800. p. 235. Willd. n. 8. Bot. Mag. t. 2004. 

Liparis liliifolia. Rich. orch. Eur. Lindley in Bot. Reg. 882. 

Hab. in America septentrionali (hab. s. sp. et v. v. cult.') 

Flores labello magno petalisque filiformibus purpurascentibus. Capsula 
obovata, costata. 

11. Liparis Loselii. Richard. 

L. foliis binis ovato-oblongis obtusis plicatis racemo paucifloro multo bre- 
vioribus, scapo angulato, labello ovato integerrimo concolore, sepalis 
petalisque linearibus inaequalibus. 

Ophrys Loselii. 1341. Eng. Bot. t.47. 

Malaxis Loselii. Swartz act. Holm. 1800. p. 235. Willd. n. 9. 

Liparis Loselii. Rich. orch. Eur. Lindl. in B. Reg. 882. Synopsis Br. Fl. 1. 263. 

Ophrys paludosa. Fl. dan. t. 877. 

Ophrys liliifolia. Huds. Angl. 389. 

/3? Malaxis correana. Barton Prodr. Fl. Philad. p. 86. Nuttall2. 196. 

Liparis correana. Spreng. syst. 3. 740. 

Hab. in turfosis Europce borealis j in Canadd, Gouldie. (hab. s. sp.) 

I have the Malaxis Correana from Canada, gathered by Mr. Gouldie, 
and I find no difference between it and our European Liparis Loselii. 


12. Liparis flavescens. Lindley. 

L. foliis binis oblongis petiolatis plicatis planis racemo 2-4-floro corym- 
boso brevioribus, scapo flexuoso, bracteis ovatis, labello ovato integer- 
rimo, sepalis lateralibus ovatis : supremo petalisque filiformibus. 

Malaxis flavescens. Thouars »rch. Afr. t. 25. 

Liparis flavescens. Lindley in Bot. Reg. 882. A. Rich. orch. Maur. p. 51. 

Hab. in Mauritio et Borbonia ; Thouars, Neraud. 
Flore s flavi. 

13. Liparis montana. 

L. " bulbis ovatis compressis vaginatis 1-2-phyllis, foliis petiolatis ovato- 
lanceolatis, pedunculo erecto sulcato, bracteis lineari-subulatis, limbo 
obtuso cum mucrone." Blume. 

Malaxis montana. Blume p. 388. 

Hab. in umbrosis montis ignivomi Gede, insulae Java, florens Junio ) Blume. 

" Flores in summo pedunculi conferti, dilute purpurascentes. Sepala 
margine reflexa, limbo ciliolato. Folia membranacea. Variat bulbis 
subnullis, floribus laxe racemosis, limbo nudo." Blume. 

14. Liparis plantaginea. 

L. pseudo -bulbis ovatis vaginatis, foliis 1-2 oblongis acuminatis plicatis 
racemo brevioribus, scapo marginato, labello ovato subundulato obtuso 
basi bicalloso, bracteis acuminatis ovarii longitudine. 

Cymbidium ? plantagineum. Wallich in iconibus Musei Anglo-Indici n. 633. 

Hab. in India Orientali ; Wallich. (v. iconem.) 

Flores virides. Sepala lineari-oblonga obtusa subaequalia et petala tili- 
formia patentia. 

15. Liparis tradescantifolia. 

L. " bulbis compressiusculis vaginatis 1-phyllis, foliis ovatis discoloribus, 
bracteis minutis ovatis, labelli limbo ovato integerrimo." Blume. 

Malaxis tradescantifolia. Blume p. 389. 

Hab. in umbrosis montanis Salak, Java, florens Octobri ; Blume. 

" Sepala subaequalia, patentia ; labellum sepalis paul6 latius, basi callosum. 
Antherae loculis subdisjunctis. Folia membranacea." Blume. 

16. Liparis Clypeolum. 

L. folio solitario horizontali suborbiculato basi cucullato apicc reflexo 
acuto racemo erecto mult5 breviore, labello maximo orbiculato. 

Epidendrum Clypeolum. Forst. Prodr. n. 323. 
Cymbidium Clypeolum. Willd. n. 22. 

Hab. in insula Otaheite ; Forster. (v. s. sp. et iconem Forsterianam in Bib' 

liotheca Banksiana.) 

Obs. Foliis magnis suborbiculatis solitariis spicapaulb brevioribus insignis. 

Sect. II. Folia subcoriacea, non plicata. Rachis sapius alata. Plures 
epiphyte, scapis ancipitibus. 

Cestichis, Thouars. 

17. Liparis foliosa. Lindley. 

L. foliis pluribus oblongo-lanceolatis acutis racemis rariflorie subaequalibus. 


scapo subancipiti, bracteis subulatis, labello oblongo obtuso recurvo, 
sepalis petalisque aequalibus reflexis, clinandrio marginato. 

Liparis foliosa. Lindl. in B.Reg, f. 882. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 1097. Hooker Bot. Mag. t. 2709. 

A. Rich. arch. Mmur. p. 52. 
Liparis ? reflexa. Lindl. I. i: 
Cymbidium reflexum. R. Br. Prodr. 331. 

Hab. in Mauritio, et Nova Hollandia ad Portum Jackson, (v. v. cult.) 
Obs. In planta Mauritiana inveni clinandrium integrum, in Australasica 
dentatum, alioquin discrimen nullum. 

18. Liparis longipes. Lindl. 

~Lu pseudo-bulbis longissimis teretibus diphyllis, foliis ensiformi-lanceolatis 
racemo stricto multifloro brevioribus, scapo ancipiti, labello ovato acuto 
ecalloso columnse longitudine, sepalis ovatis, petalis linearibus. Lindl. 
in Wall. PI. As. Rar. vol. 1. p. 31. t. 35. 

Hab. supra saxa ad ripas fluminum montium Zeylonce, florens Novembri : 
Macrae; in montibus Bengalis orientalis, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. et v.ic.pict.) 

Pseudo-bulbi subcylindracei, teretes. Folia oblongo-lanceolata acuta. 
Racemus erectus foliis paulo longior, densus, multiflorus. Flores pal- 
lida herbacei. Sepala lateralia o"vata, supremum oblongum, patentia; 
petala linearia. Columna elongata, erecta, apice alata. Labellum erec- 
tum, ovatum, carnosum, glabrum, a columna omnino liberum, tuberculis 

Obs. Planta Bengalensis nullo modo diversa videtur nisi floribus albis 
labello luteo ; forte icon mea Zeylanica minus accurate depicta. 

19. Liparis elegans. Lindl. in Wall. cat. no. 1943. 

L. pseudo-bulbis elongatis diphyllis basi vaginis suberoso-carnosis vestitis, 
foliis spatulato-lanceolatis acuminatis racemo stricto multifloro aequali- 
bus, scapo basi rachique teretibus, labello cuneato truncato crenulato 
basi bicalloso, sepalis oblongis obtusis patentibus. 

Hab. in Pinang, Indite Orientalis; Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-lndico.) 

Planta pedalis, verosimiliter epipbyta. Radices lanuginosae. Pseudobulbi 

aliquando 4 uncias longi. Folia erecta in basi valde attenuata. Flores 

aurantiaci (ex Wall). Petala filiformia. Capsulae pendulae, pyriformes, 

glabrae, costis 6 obsoletis. 

L. crenulatse valde affinis ; an diversa ? Bracteae non ovarii longitudine 
sed brevissimae, nee labellum emarginatum sed truncatum cuneatum. 

20. Liparis crenulata. 

L. " foliis in bulbo oblongo compresso geminatis ternisve lineari-lanceo- 
latis acuminatis, pedunculo longitudine foliorum, bracteis longitudine 
fere ovarii lanceolatis, limbo labelli emarginato crenulato." Blume. 

Malaxis crenulata. Blume p. 393. 

Hab. in convallibus montis Gegar-bentang, Java, florens Maio j Blume. 
** Flores aurantiaci ; aflinis M. (Lipari) odoratae." 

21. Liparis latifolia. 

L. " folio in bulbis oblongis compressiusculis solitario lato lanceolato 
acuto, pedunculis folio longioribus, bracteis ovatis adpressis parvis, la- 
belli limbo bilobo crenulato." Blume. 


Malaxis latifolia. Blume p. 393. 

Hab. in Provinciae Bantam regionibus montanis, ad montem Pantjan Pro- 
vincia Buitenzorg, Java, florens Junto Augusto ; Blume. 

" Flores aurantiaci ; L. crenulatse maxime affinis." 

22. Liparis angustifolia. 

L. " foliis in bulbo ovato-oblongo solitariis angusto-lanceolatis, pedunculo 
erecto apice paucifloro longitudine foliorum, bracleis lineari-subulatis, 
labelli limbo obtuso." Blume. 

Malaxis angustifolia. Blume. p. 393. 

Hab. ad truncos arborum in montanis Salak et Gede, Javce, florens Fe- 
bruario j Blume. 

" Flores pallide flavi." 

23. Liparis viridiflora. 

L. pseudobulbis ovatis, foliis binis obovato-lanceolatis racemo multifloro 
nutante duplo brevioribus, scapo ancipite, rachi alata, labello ovato undu- 
lato obtuso ecalloso, bracteis subulatis floribus longioribus v. aequalibus. 

Malaxis viridifolia. Blume p. 392. 

Hab. supra arbores et saxa sylvarum Zeylona, florens Novembri, Macrae ; 
in sylvis Javce, Blume (hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

Pseudo-bulbi ovati, eompressi. Folia obovato-lanceolata, acuta, racemo 
nutante duplb breviora. Bracteae subulate floribus longiores. Flores 
virides. Sepala subaequalia ovata patentia. Petala linearia reflexa. 
Labellum ovatum undulatum obtusum. 

24. Liparis affinis. 

L. " foliis in bulbo ovato-oblongo solitariis lanceolato-linearibus infernfe 
canaliculars, pedunculo nutante foliorum longitudine, bracteis subulatis, 
labelli limbo rotundato." Blume. 

Malaxis affinis. Blume p. 392. tab. 54. 

Hab. in sylvis prope Lebak Provinciae Bantam, Java, florens Junio ; Blume. 

25. Liparis parviflora. 

L. " foliis in bulbo ovato oblongo compressiusculo geminatis lanceolatis 
basi carinatis, pedunculis (folio duplb longioribus) nutantibus teretibus, 
bracteis subulatis, labelli limbo angusto emarginato." Blume. 

Malaxis parviflora. Blume p. 392. 

Hab. ad montem Salak, Java, florens Decembri ; Blume. 

" Flores lutei, labelli limbo coccineo." Blume. 

26. Liparis pallida. 

L. " foliis in bulbo oblongo compressiusculo vaginato solitariis lanceolatis, 
bracteis lineari -lanceolatis remotis, labelli limbo rotundato-retuso cre- 
nulato." Blume. 

Malaxis pallida. Blume p. 391. 

Hab. supra arbores excelsas fluvii Tjapus in montosis Salak, Javce, florens 
Septembrij Blume. 

" Flores olivacei." 


27. Liparis minima. 

L. " folio in bulbis (seriatis ovatis compressiusculis) lineari-lanceolato, 
pedunculo folium aequante compresso, floribus laxe spicatis distichis, 
capsulis triquetris." Blume. 

Malaxis minima. Blume p. 391. 

Hab. in arboribus ad montem Salak, ut etiam in montosis Pantjar, Java, 
florens Maio j Blume. 

Affinis Lipari csspitosa? sec. Blume. 

28. Liparis easpitosa. Lindley. 

L. foliis lanceolatis in pseudo-bulbis ovatis solitariis longitudine racemi 
rariflori, scapo tereti, labello lanceolato recurvo, sepalis petalisque acutis 

Malaxis csespitosa. Thouars t. 90. 

Liparis caespitosa. Lindl. in B. Reg. 882. A. Richard orch. Maur.p. 53. 

Hab. in Mauritio et Borbonia ; Thouars. 

Flores minuti virescentes. 

29. L. luteola. Lindl. in Wall. cat. no. 1944. 

L. pseudo-bulbis minimis vaginatis, foliis geminis lineari-lanceolatis racemo 
flexuoso paucifloro brevioribus, scapo tereti, labello obovato retuso in 
columna apice alata incumbente : callo unico baseos obsoleto, bracteis 
ovatis acuminatis decurrentibus, pedicellis capillaribus floribus multoties 

Hab. in montibus Pundua, Indies Orientalis, Wallich (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- 

Planta parva gregaria inter muscos vegetans. Racemi 5-6-flori, foliis paulb 
evectiores ; rachi tereti flexuosa. Sepala lineari-oblonga, obtusa et 
petala filiformia, patentia. Labellum posticum, ungue columnae pa- 
rallelo, limbo recurvo, venis 5 simplicibus collateralibus in medio, unica 
utrinque distante venulas versus marginem hinc pectinatim emittente. 

30. Liparis compressa. 

L. " foliis in bulbo ovato compressiusculo solitariis lanceolato-linearibus 
basi carinatis, pedunculo compresso, bracteis bifariam imbricatis (pec- 
tinatis), limbo orbiculato retuso cum mucrone." Blume. 

Malaxis compressa. Blume p. 390. tab. 54. 

Hab. in sylvis altioribus Provinciarum Buitenzorg, Bantam et Tjanjor, Java, 
florens Septembri ; Blume. 

" Flores aurantiaci." Bl. 

31. Liparis mucronata. 

L. " foliis in bulbis (remotis ovatis) compressiusculis solitariis lanceolato- 
linearibus acuminatis basi carinatis, bracteis in summo pedunculi bifa- 
riam imbricatis carinatis, labelli limbo angusto semi-bifido cum mucrone 
intermedio." Blume. 

Malaxis mucronata. Blume p. 391. 

Hab. in sylvis montanis Provinciarum Bantam et Buitenzorg, Java, florens 
Junioj Blume. 

* Flores flavo-virentes, parvi, nutantes. Affinis Malaxi distichae Thouarsii." 


32. Liparis gregaria. 

L. foliis ensiformibus acutis in pseudo-bulbis ovatis solitarii, scapo anci- 
piti, rachi alata, bracteis distichis carinatis pectinatis, labello truncato, 
sepalis reflexis, petalis erectis. 

Malaxis disticha. Thouars t. 89. 

Liparis disticha. Lindley in B. Reg. 882. A. Rich. orch. Maur. p. 54. 

Stelis micrantha. Sieber. Herb. Maur. n. 168. 

Hab. supra rupes in sylvis montium Zeylonce, florens Novembri ; Macrae ; 
Mauritio, Sieber; Borbonia, Thouars. (habeo s. sp. et v. iconempiciam.) 

Rhizoma articulatum, annulatum, intricatum, pseudo-bulbos plurimos gre- 
garios promens. Spicae lanceolatse, bracteis ovatis acuminatis. Flores 
viridi-lutei ; sepala lateralia ovata acuta labello supposita ; supremum 
reflexum ; petala linearia erecta. Clinandrium marginatum cavum, 
antice bilobum cum mucrone. 

Obs. Epidendrum biflorum, Kbnig Mss. in Zeylona lectum, forte hujus loci. 
Planta Zeylanica a Mauritiano Herbarii Sieberiani n. 168 nullo modo 
differt ; labellum tamen hujus secundum auctores celeberrimos supra 
citatos tridentatum, dum in nostra certissime truncatum dente nullo, nisi 
sic angulos truncaturae dicas. 

I formerly called this by the specific name given to it by M. Du Petit 
Thouars under the genus Malaxis, being at that time unacquainted with 
any others with the same remarkable distichous inflorescence. More being 
now known, I avail myself of the privilege which an author undoubtedly 
possesses of altering his own names if he thinks fit, although no one else 
can be suffered to do it for him. 

* Liparis spuria. 

33. Liparis serraeformis. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1946. 

Hab. supra arbores Zeylona, Macrae; Attran Martabaniae, et Tavoy India 
Orientalis, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico et Zeylond, et v. ic. 
pict. sinejfl.) 

Planta epiphyta caulibus teretibus ramosis subancipitibus radices plurimos 
longissimos intricatos undique promens, pseudo-bulbo nullo. Folia dis- 
ticha, coriacea, oblonga, v. oblongo-lanceolata, obtusa, decidua. Ra- 
cemi oppositifolii, foliis longiores, pedunculo angulato non ancipiti, rachi 
alata, bracteis falcatis, ovatis, carinatis, distichis, pectinatis, in rachi <Ie- 
currentibus. Florem unicum tantum vidi mutilum, cui quantum videre 
licuit, sepala ovata succulenta libera patentia venis 7 subsimplicibus, 
petala conformia paul6 minora, labellum truncatum trilobura lobo medio 
apice calloso, callo altero luteo intra-apiculari, denique columna libera, 
forte basi producta anthera ovata biloculari, polliniis 4 angustis collate- 
ralibus liberis. 

This singular plant when properly examined will possibly be found dis- 
tinct from the genus in which it is now placed ; all that I have been able 
to ascertain satisfactorily, from the inspection of a single mutilated flower, 
is that the pollen masses are as I have described them, and that the plant 
belongs to Malaxideae. The peculiar winged racbis and carinate bracteee 
forming a kind of pectinated inflorescence is exactly that of L. gregaria, 
disticha and some others ; but the plant differs from them in having no ten- 
dency to form bulb-like stems, in room of which it has the taper woody 
rooting stems and coriaceous distichous leaves of Aerides and its allies. 

Aqril, 1830. r 



Dendrochilum. Blume Bijdr. 398. tabellen 52. 

Sepala et petala aequalia, libera, patentia. Labellum integerrimum, sepalis 
subconforme, basi concavum v. carinatum, nunc cristatum. Columna 
brevis, semiteres, antice processubus duobus cornua referentibus, apice 
dentata v. rostrata. Anthera infra apicem inserta, bilocularis, valvis 
nullis anticis. Pollinia 4, libera ( § o ) incumbentia. — Herbae supra 
arbores vigentes, foliis coriaceis in pseudo-bulbis srepius solitariis. Spicse 
terminales aut laterales, filiformes, multiflorse. Flores juniores bracteis 
bifariam imbricatis occulti. 

Character ex Blume. 

Sect. I. " Bulbi remoti j spica? laterales ; sepala linearia ; labellum par- 
vum elastice affixum ; gynostemium apice attenuatum emarginatum. 

1. Dendrochilum aurantiacum. Blume. 

D. " bulbis oblongis, labello carinato edentulo." Blume I. c. 

Hab. in truncis arborum montium Gede, Salak, &c. insulae Java, florens 

Februario Augusto ; Blume. 
" Flores aurantiaci suaveolentes.'' 

2. Dendrochilum occultum. 

D. pseudo-bulbis subquadratis, foliis oblongis emarginatis, bracteis maxi- 
mis quadrifariam imbricatis floribus occultantibus, labello lineari fim- 

Bulbophyllum occultum. Thouars orch. Afr. tt. 93. 94. A. Rich. orch. Afr. p. 64. 

Hab. in insulis Borbonice et Mauritii ; Thouars. 

Flores fusci. Hue retuli ad mentem eel. Blumii. 

3. Dendrochilum pallideflavens. Blume. 

D. '* bulbis ovalibus, labello carinato edentulo, gynostemii laciniis latera- 

libus scabris." Blume I. c. t. 52. 
Hab. in montanis Pantjar insula? Java, florens Julio j Blume. 

" Planta tenera, pedunculis tetragonis spicato-laxifloris. Flores pallid^ 

Sect. II. " Bulbi consociati j spies ex apice bulborum ortae j sepala ob- 
longa labello subajqualiaj gynostemium apice truncatum erosum. 

4. Dendrochilum edentulum. Blume. 

D. * bulbis oblongis subulatisve, labello integerrimo interne 1-calloso, 
gynostemii laciniis lateralibus medio a?qualibus." Blume I. c. 

Hab. in altis montis Salak, insula? Java, florens Februario Julio j Blume* 
" Flores flavo-virentes." 

5. Dendrochilum cornutum. Blume. 

D. " bulbis fusinis, labello basi denticulato interne 2-calloso, gynostem»» 
laciniis lateralibus elongatis." Blume I. c. 


Hab. in montosis Provinciarum Buitenzorg et Tjanjor, insula? Java, florens 
Septembri Februario ; Blume. 

" Flores virentes." 

6. Dendrochilum simile. Blume. 

D. " bulbis ovali-oblongis, labello inferne denticulato interne bilineato, 
gynostemii laciniis lateralibus medio aequalibus." Blume. I. c. tab. 52. 

Hab. cum D. cornuto in insula Java?, florens omni tempore : Blume. 

" Flores pallide virentes." 

7- Dendrochilum abbreviatum. Blume. 

D. " bulbis ovali-oblongis, labello basi utrinque dente reflexo instructo 
interne bicalloso, laciniis gynostemii lateralibus abbreviatis»" Blume I.e. 

Hab. in montanis Provinciarum occidentalium insulae Java, florens toto 
anno; Blume. 

" Flores virescentes." 


Sepala et petala aequalia, libera, patentia. Labellum trilobum, lobis late- 
ralibus auriformibus basin columnae amplectantibus, intermedio patente 
elongato sepalis conformi, cristis nullis. Columua elongata, clavata, 
semiteres. Anthera terminalis, bilocularis, septo medio bipartibili, et 
hinc bivalvis, valvis anticis et posticis medio septiferis. Pollinia 4, in- 
cumbentia ( § § ), ad basin materie granulosa cohaerentia. — Herbae supra 
arbores repentes, rhizomate destftutae, sed pseudo-bulbis semper e latere 
apicis suae soboliferis. Racemi multfflori e latere pseudo-bulborum, 
basi vaginati. Stigma labio superiore ovato producto. 

Genus Coelogyni affine, columna immarginata, anthera terminali, dehis- 
centia antherae, et structura labelli diversum. 

1. Otochilus alba. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1967. 

O. pseudo-bulbis ovalibus imbricatis, foliis lanceolatis subplicatis, racemis 

e vaginis foliaceis verrucosis erumpentibus, bracteis oblongis, sepalis pe- 

talisque acutis. 
Broughtonia pendula. Wallich in icon. Bibl. Anglo-Indica n. 643. 
Hab. supra arbores Napalice, indeque in hortum Botanicum Calcutta? allata, 

Aprili floret, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-lndico et v. ic. pict.) 
Rhizoma nullum sed pseudo-bulbi e lateribus suis hinc proliferi. Flores 

albiinodori. Labellum basi flavum. Alabastra ovata. Columna virescens. 

2. Otochilus fusca. Lindl. I. c. no. 1969. 

°. pseudo-bulbis elongatis fusiformibus, foliis lineari-lanceolatis, bracteis 

linearibus, sepalis petalisque obtusis. 
Broughtonia ? amoena. Wall, in ic. Bibl. Anglo- -Indian n. 642. 
Hab. supra arbores NapalUe, inde in Hortum Botanicum Calcutta? intro- 

ducta, uhi floret Januario, Wallich. 
Vaginae racemi breves. Racemus densus, mnltiflorus, nutans. Rachis 

ovaria bracteae et columna fuscae. Labelli aures dilute rosese. Alabastra 

obovata. Pseudo-bulbi dhriti crassi, 6-8-pollicares. Flores odoratissimi 

ex Walt. 


3. Otociiilus porrecta. Lindl. I. c. no. 1968. 

O. pseudo-bulbis elongatis fusiformibus, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis plicatis, 
bracteis linearibus, sepalis petalisque acutis. 

Hab. in Puntlua bidue Orientalis, fVallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico.) 

Praecedenti simillima, at characteribus datis diversa. Aures labelli ob- 
scure denticulatae. Pollinia non vidi. 


Sepala distincta, aequalia, patentia. Petala subaequalia paulo minora. La* 
bellum integerrimum, unguiculatum, cum basi columns continuum, 
(nee articulatum). Columna nana cum ovario continua, basi leviter 
producta. Antberae loculi 2, per connectivum tenue tantum cohaerentes, 
ovati, inappendiculati. Pollinia 4, per paria cohaerentia, oblonga, aequaba: 
pare utroque extus convexo intus cavo. Ovarium 9-alatum. — Herba 
epiphyta acaulis, foliis plicatis et scapo radicali e squamis semicoriaceis 

I learn the very curious structure of this plant from a beautiful sketch 
of Mr. Bauer's. Its peculiarity consists in its anther having its lobes con- 
nected by only a narrow slight connectivum, so that it is twolobed, and in 
the pollen masses being concave and convex so that each pair forms a sort 
of hollow body narrower at the back than at the front, at which end it is 
open. The placentary angles of the ovarium are larger than the rest and 
simple, while the intermediate ones are smaller and double. 

1. Ccelia Bauerana. 

Epidendrum tripterum. Smith ic. pict. 14. /. 14. 

Cymbidium tripterum. Swartz n. act. Ups. 6. p. 70. Willd.n.1. Hart* Kew. erf. 2* ft. 9»* 

Hab. in Jamaica (habeo s. cult.) 


Pholidota. Lindley in Ho»ker Exot.fl. 1. 138. (Januario 1825). — Ptilocnema. Don Prodr. 
nep. 33. (Febr. 1825).— Crinonia. Blume Bydr.p. 338. t. 41. 

Flores subglobosi. Sepala aequalia, distincta. Petala minora. Labelluw 
cucullatum ventricosum, trilobum v. indivisum, cum columna paralle* 
lum. Columna cum ovario continua, semiteres v. alata : clinandrio 
cucullato. Anthera bilabiata ! 2-v. 4-valvis. Pollinia 4, globosa, dis- 
tincta — Herbae epiphytae rhizomate v. carnoso articulato v. pseudo- 
bulbifero. Folia plicata. Spicae terminales saepius imbricatae et nutantes. 

In this genus there are some species in which the rhizoma has spurious 
bulbs, and others in which, in lieu of these bodies, the joints of the rhi- 
zoma themselves become fleshy. The anther is not formed upon the usual 
plan of Orchideae. Instead of the valves opening by two slits along the 
face of each lobe of the anther, these lobes are combined and the whole 
face of the anther separates from the back, on which account I have called 
it bilabiate. The same thing appears to happen in some of Blume's Che* 

1. Pholidota imbricata. Lindley. 

P. pseudo-bulbis bvato-oblongis obtusis subangulatis, foliis solitariis ob* 


longo-lanceolatis plicatis acutis, spicis pendulis foliorum longitudine, 
bracteis membranaceis concavis imbricatis, sepalis lateralibus ovatis ca- 
rinatis, labello subgloboso cucullato : lobis lateralibus parvis erectis j 
intermedio bilobo cordato. 

Pholidota imbricata. Lindl. in Hooker Flora Exotica t. 138. Bot. Reg. t. 1213. Wall. 

Cat. no. 1991. 
Ptilocnema bracteatum. Don Prodr. 33. 

Hab. in India Orientali, frequens, Wallich; in Zeylona, Macrae, (v. v. cult, 
et habeo s. sp.) 

L i. Pholidota undulata. Wallich. 

P. pseudo-bulbis ovato-fusiformibus insequalibus, foliis binis lanceolatis 
erectis, spicis elongatis pendulis, bracteis ovato-linearibus, sepalis ovatis 
subcarinatis concavis, labello cucullato ventricoso obsolete trilobo inte- 

P. undulata. Wallich in Bot. Reg.ftl. 1213 in textu. 

Hab. in India Orientali, Wallich. (v. ic. pict. in Bibl. Anglo- Indica.) 

Flores fusci. Labellum tantum pallide lateritium. 

This species is nearly allied to P. imbricata, from which its brown 
flowers, small bracteae and differently shaped lip and leaves abundantly 
distinguish it. 

3. Pholidota rubra. 

P. pseudo-bulbis ovatis corrugatis, foliis binis lanceolatis, spicis laxis erectis 
foliis brevioribus : fructiferis longioribus nutantibus, bracteis lanceolatis, 
sepalis concavis ovatis acutis, labello trilobo : lobo medio ovato acuto. 

Hab. in India Orientali; Wallich. (v. ic. pict. in Bibl. Anglo- Indica.) 

Sepala et petala lateritia. Labellum et columna luteal. 

I for some time took this for Blume's Crinonia carnea ; but his descrip- 
tion is so brief and in the few particulars he mentions it differs so much 
as to justify me in regarding it as a distinct species. 

4. Pholidota carnea. 

P. ** bulbis subremotis ovato- oblongis 1-3-phyllis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis, 

labelli limbo rotundato intus bicalloso." Blume. 
Crinonia carnea. Blume p. 339. t. 41 . 
Hab. in sylvis umbrosis montium Salak et Gede, Java, florens toto anno ; 


I'ariat bulbis approximatis ovalibus, prope Tjitjalobak, ad montem Salak, 
Java; Blume. 

5. Pholidota globosa. 

P. " bulbis approximatis globosis 2-3-phyllis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis, la- 
belli limbo obtuse* * Blume. 

Crinonia globosa. Blume p. 339. 

Hab. ad cataractas fluvii Tjapus in montosis Salak, Java, florens Octobri ; 

6. Pholidota recurva. 

!'• rhizomate carnoso articulato ascendente, foliis solitariis oblongo -lance- 
olatis subplieatis, spicis secundis recurvis foliis longioribus, bracteis 


cuneatis membranaceis imbricatis, sepalis lateralibus ovatis dorso acutis, 
labello ventricoso (undulato?) indiviso emarginato. 
Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Lambert.) 

Articuli rhizomatis \\ unciam longi. Folia circiter 3-uncialia. Columna 
teres antice tumida. Dorsum clinandrii erectum, rostellum ovatum 

I know this very remarkable species by specimens given me several 
years since by Mr. Lambert. It came to England with some of Dr. Wal- 
lich 's earliest Nipal collections. Its imbricated unilateral recurved spikes 
characterize it well, and distinguish it from P. articulata which besides 
has the joints of the rhizoma twice as long, and the bractese of a different 

7. Pholidota articulata. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1992. 

P. rhizomate carnoso articulato ascendente, foliis binis pluribusve ovalibus 
plicatis apice subintegris, spicis laxis cernuis foliorum longitudine, 
bracteis oblongis concavis, sepalis ovatis, labello cucullato integro apice 
rotund ato piano. 

Hab. in Pundua, Indies Orientalis, Wallich. (habeo s. sp. e Museo Anglo- lndico 
et v. ic. pict.) 

Articuli rhizomatis 3-4 uncias longi. Rachis valde flexuosa. Flores albi, 
basi apicis labelli lutea. 


Sepala conniventia, libera, petalis subaequalia, colorata. Labellum cucul- 
latum, trilobum, basi subsaccatum, trilamellatum. Columna cum labello 
non articulata, clavata, alata, apice cucullata dentata. Anthera 4-locu- 
laris, ovata, cristata. Pollinia 4. — Herba caulescens, foliis coriaceis acutis 
distichis subcostatis. Racemus terminalis e squamis coriaceis erumpens, 
bracteis coriaceis, persistentibus, divaricatis, coriaceis, distantibus. 
Flores speciosi, sepalis crassioribus quam petala, ovario non torto. 

Obs. Octomeriae structura similis, habitu diversissima. 

1. Dilochia Wallichii. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1952. 

Hab. in Singapore, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-lndico.) 


Ccelogyne. Lindl. Coll.Bot.33. in /ex/u.— Pleione. Don. Prodr. nep. 37.— Chelonanthcrae, 
Sect. 2 et 3. Blume Bijdr. 382. 

Sepala conniventia v. patentia, libera, aequalia, petaloidea. Petala nunc 
sepalis conformia, nunc linearia. Labellum cucullatum, sa;pius trilobum* 
lineis disci elevatis v. cristatis, nunc integerrimum ecristatum (in P»' 
nisca). Columna erecta libera margine alata, apice dilatata, nunc cucul- 
lata, stigmate bilabiate Anthera bilocularis, septo medio non partibili ; 
infra apicem columna? inserta. Pollinia 4, libera, ( § § ) incumbentia; 
nunc basi materie granulosa cohairentia.— Herba? supra arbores et saxa 
vigentes, foliorum basibus in pseudo-bulbos dilatatis, rhizomate nunc 
crasso squamoso, nunc obsoleto. Folia coriacea saBpius venis distinctis 


sequalibus, nunc quibusdam crassioribus costata v. plicata. Racemi 
terminales v. radicales e squamis (bracteis sterilibus) corneis erumpentes. 
Flores speciosi saape odorati. 

Obs. This genus is nearly related to Cymbidium among Vandeae and to 
Cattleya among Epidendrea;, from both which its peculiar habit is alone 
sufficient to distinguish it. From Dendrochilum it is only known by the 
absence of horn-like processes from its column ; for the lip of some of the 
Gomphostylis section is entire, and C. (Panisca) parviflora is a Dendro- 
chilum in every thing except the want of these processes. There is a 
strong tendency to produce a gland in some species such as C. precox, 
uniflora, and fimbriata j but this is a mere granular mass such as the filum 
of Epidendrese and will not be confounded with the cartilaginous gland of 

1. C<elogyne flaccida. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1961. 

C. pseudo-bulbis oblongis angulatis squamis coriaceis acuminatis ustulatis 
vestitis, foliis lanceolatis v. oblongo-lanceolatis longe petiolatis, racemo 
flexuoso nutante, bracteis deciduis, petalis lineari-lanceolatis, labello 
ovato trilobo : lineis tribus elevatis flexuosis : lobo medio ovato basi au- 
riculato, columna integerrima. 

Hab. ad Noakote, Napalice, supra arbores crescens, Wallich. {hab. s. sp. e 
Museo Anglo- Indico, et v. ic. pict.) 

Flores mediocres, albi. Labellum intus flavum, immaculatum. 

Vaginis ustulatis conspicua. 

2. C(elogyne cristata. Lindley. 

C. pseudo-bulbis oblongis demum angulatis rhizomati crasso squamoso 
insidentibus, foliis lineari-lanceolatis, racemo radicali nutante flexuoso 
basi squamis corneis vaginato, bracteis oblongis divaricatis persistenti- 
bus, petalis oblongo-lanceolatis, labelli trilobi crista duplici interrupts : 
inferiore pectinata, lobo medio rotundato apiculato, columna denticulata. 

? Cymbidium strictum. Do?i Prodr. 

Coelogyne cristata. Lindl. Coll. Bot.p. 33. Wall. Cat. no. 1958. 

Hab. in montibus Napalensibus supra saxa et arbores, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e 
Museo Anglo- Indico et v. ic. pict.) 

Flores maximi generis, albi, odorati, divaricati. Sepala et petala conformia, 
lanceolata, leviter undulata. Labellum leviter cum basi columns con- 
natum, cristis duabus parallelis luteis interruptis antice subintegris, 
postice pectinatis, et ex Wallichio, in seriebus 5 pilorum longorum sim- 
plicium s. bifidorum basi desinentibus. 

3. C(elogynb speciosa. 

C. " bulbis oblongis tetragonis monophyllis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis ner- 
vosis, scapo nutante retroflexo paucifloro, labello intus cristis 2 muri- 
catis." Blume. 

Chelonanthera speciosa. Blume p. 384. tab. 5 1 . 
Angracum nervosum. Humph. Herb. Amb. tarn. 6. t. 48. 

Hab. in sylvis montis Salak, Java, supra arbores, florens Octobri-Junio, 

" Flores majusculi ; sepala exteriora oblonga, acuta, cariuata, margine 

refiexa, albo lutescentia. Labellum infra albo griseum, intua fulvum, 

lobo medio emarginato undulato." 


4. C<blogyne incrassata. 
C. " bulbis oblongis subtetragonis, foliis lanceolatis nervosis, pedunculo 

nutante multifloro, labello intus bicristato nudo, limbi lobo medio ovato 

incrassalo." Blume. 
Chelonanthera incrassata. Blume p. 384. 

Hab. in sylvis montis Pantjar, Javce, florens Junio-Julio. Blume. 
" Flores sordide albi, diaphani ; labelli limbo fusco undulato." 

5. Coxogyne elata. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1959. 

C. pseudo -bulbis oblongis angulatis in rhizomate crasso squamoso insiden- 
tibus, foliis oblongis in basi attenuatis longfe petiolatis, scapo terminali 
stricto foliis breviore subracemoso squamis distichis vaginato, bracteis 
deciduis, petalis lineari -lanceolatis, labelli trilobi medio bicristati lobo 
medio ovato crenulato, columna integra. 

Hab. in sylvis Napalue et Syllet, Wallich, Februario Martio vigens. (hab. s. 
sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico, et v. ic. pict.) 

Species sesquipedalis et ultra. Flores albi, inodori. Labellum lobis late- 
ralibus rotundatis, intermedio basi ocellis duobus flavis. Capsula lucida 
trigona clavata sesquipollicaris. fVallich Mss. 

6. Ccelogyne prolifera. IAndl. I. c. no. 1956. 

C. pseudo-bulbis ovatis angulatis rhizomati crasso squamoso insidenti- 
bus, foliis lanceolatis longe petiolatis, scapo terminali gracili erecto 
foliis duplb longiore prolifero sub quoque racemo squamis distichis va- 
ginato, bracteis deciduis, petalis linearibus, labelli trilobi lobo medio 
retuso integerrimo undulato, columna subdenticulata. 

Hab. ad Noakote et Toka, Napal'ue, supra arbores et rupes, florens Maio, 
Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico Jloribus delapsis.) 

Character floris ex Wallichii Mss. Flores ex viridi flavi. Sepala ovata 
leviter patula, semi-unguicularia, acutiuscula. 

7. Ccelooyne nitida. Lindley I. c. no. 1954. 

C. pseudo-bulbis ovatis caespitosis subcostatis squamis nitidis vestitis, folus 
lanceolatis acuminatis racemis nutantibus aequalibus, bracteis deciduis, 
sepalis petalisque oblongis obtusis, labelli lobo intermedio subrotundo 
cordato-ovato, disco lineis duabus elevatis, columna integra. 

Cymbidium nitidum. Roxb. Hort. Beng. 
Ccelogyne ? nitida. Lindl. coll. p. 33. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico et v. ic. pict.) 

Flores candidi, odorati. Labellum maculis duabus oblongis venisque cro- 
ceis in cucullo, et ocellis duobus aurantiacis ad basin lobi intermedii; 
plica parva ad basin labelli inter duas lineas elevatas. 

8. Ccelogyne ocellata. Lindl. I. c. no. 1953. 

C. pseudo-bulbis ovatis caespitosis subangulatis squamis nitidis vestitis, 
foliis lanceolatis acuminatis in petiolo angustatis racemis strictis aequa- 
libus, bracteis deciduis, sepalis petalisque oblongo-lanceolatis, labelH 
lobo intermedio ovato ad basin utrinque lamella abbreviata interrupt 
disco lineis tribus lamellatis, columna obsolete triloba. 

Ccelogyne pnnctulata. Lindl. coll. p. 33. 


Hab. in Sylhet et Sermore Indies Orientalis, Wallich. (hub. s. sp. e Museo 
Anglo- Indico.) 

Priori affinis habitu et colore florum, differt sepalis petalis labelloque lon- 
gioribus, racemo erecto, et lamellis labelli. 

Obs. C. punctulata mihi olim, ex exemplare solitario descripta, hujus loci 
est. Nomen mutavi quia dubius haereo an flores revera sint punctati. 

9. Cqjlogyne Gardneriana. Lindl. in Wall. PI. As. Par. vol. 1. p. 33. t. 38. 

C. pseudo-bulbis ampullaceis teretibus, foliis lanceolatis 5-costatis acumi- 
natis longe petiolatis, racemis nutantibus densifloris terminalibus radi- 
calibusque foliis multb brevioribus, bracteis deciduis, sepalis petalisque 
oblongis, labelli denticulati basi saccati lobo medio bilobo lateralibus 

Hab. in India Orientali, Wallich. (v. ic. pict. I. c.) 

Maxima generis. Pseudo-bulbi 6 uncias longi ; folia sesquipedalia ; ra- 
cemi spithamaei. Flores candidi hnmaculati. Bracteae oblongae. 

10. Ccelogyne fuscescens. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1962. 

C. pseudo-bulbis oblongis teretibus, foliis oblongis plicatis coriaceis 
utrinque acutis, racemo nutante multifloro, bracteis deciduis, petalis 
linearibus, labello trilobo trilineato : lobo medio amplo ovato acuto un- 
dulato, columna integra. 

Hab. in Napalia supra arbores, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico, 
et v. ic. pict.) 

Flores ampli e viridi fuscescentes. Sepalum supremum lateralibus majus. 
Labellum disco loborum lateralium et maculis duabus rotundis ad basin 
lobi medii cinnamomeis. 

11. C(Elogvne trinervis. Lindl. I. c. no. 1955. 

C. pseudo-bulbis ovatis in rhizomate crasso squamoso insidentibus, foliis 
lanceolatis plicatis in petiolum longum acuminatis, racemo brevi stricto, 
bracteis deciduis, petalis linearibus patentibus, labelli trilobi lobis ro- 
tundatis : intermedio undulato lineis tribus flexuosis elevatis, column.1 

Hab. in Tavoy orae Tenasserim, Indite Orientalis; Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e 

Museo Anglo- Indico.) 
Species elegantissima C. fuscescenti affinis. 

12. Ccelogyne odoratissima. Lindl. I. c. no. 1960. 

C. pseudo-bulbis caespitosis ovatis, foliis lanceolatis petiolatis racemi bi- 
triflori longitudine, bracteis cymbiformibus divaricatis, petalis lineari- 
lanceolatis, labello trilobo tricristato : lobo medio undulato rotundato, 
columna integerrima. 

Hab. in monte altissimo Zeylonce, Nuera Ellia dicto, supra arbores, Macrae, 
(hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

Planta parva, 4 circiter uncias alta, rhizomate vix ullo. . Pseudo-bulborum 
vaginae virides concolores. Flores candidi, fragrantissimi, unicolores, 
maculis nullis. Petala magis reflexa quam sepala et multb angustiora. 

13. CtELoc.YNE fimbriata. Lindl. 

C. pseudo-bulbis oblongis in rhizomate squamoso insidentibus, foliis Ian- 
May, 1830. o 


ceolatis pedunculo terminali vaginato bifloro duplb longioribus, petalis 
linearibus reflexis, labelli trilobi lobo medio undulato fimbriate, columna 
apice dentata. 

Ccelogyne fimbriata. Lindl. in B. Reg. t. 868. Wall. Cat. no. 1957. 
Broughtonia linearis. Wall, in Bibl. Angl. Ind. ic. pict. n. 649, 

Hab. in China ; etiam in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico, 

v. v. cult, et iconem pict.) 
Herba rhizomate annulato late repente. Flores luteo-virides. Labellum 

carneum, basi saccatum, limbo fuseo-aurantiaco medio bicristato, crista 

utrinque minore abrupta. Pollinia basi materie granulosa cohaerentia. 

Bracteae in indica magnce persistentes, in hortensi deciduae. 

14. Ccelogyne uniflora. Lindl. I. c. no. 1966. 

C. pseudo-bulbis ampullaceis aggregatis rbizomate insidentibus, foliis h- 
neari-lanceolatis acuminatis, scapis radicalibus unifloris pseudo-bulbis 
subaequalibus, petalis lanceolatis, labello oblongo : lobis lateralibus bre- 
vibus falcatis. 

Hab. in India Orientali, Wallich. (v. iconem pict. in Museo Anglo- lndico.) 

Planta spithamaea. Flores dilute carnei, sepalis lateralibus carinatis, pe- 
talis lanceolatis conformibus. Labellum sepalis fere duplb latius, medio 
maculis tribus aurantiacis parilm elevatis notatum, de quibus lineae 4, 
duae ex media inferiore, parumper elevatae decurrunt. Wallich Mss. 

In this species it appears from Dr. Wallich' s figure that there is a pro- 
duction at the base of the pollen masses, indicating I presume from its 
colour a formation of granular matter as in some other species that I have 
examined. It is nevertheless possible that the artist may have intended 
to represent a cartilaginous gland, in which case the species would he 
rather referable to Cymbidium. I have seen no specimen. 

15. C(Elogyne longifolia. 

C. " bulbis oblongis tetragonis diphyllis, foliis longo -lanceolatis, racerno 
elongato flexuoso multifloro, labello intus bicristato : limbo rotundato 
emarginato patulo." Blume. 

Chelcmanthera longifolia. Blume p. 385 . tab. 5 1 . 

Hab. circa originem fluminis Tjiburrum in monte Gede, Javee, supra ar- 
bores ; ad montem Salak in sylvis altioribus prope Passir Java, floreos 
Aprili-Junio, Blume. 

** Flores majusculi, helvoli. Sepala externa oblonga, carinata. Labellu Dl 
basi concavum." 

16. C(Elogyne miniata. 

C. " bulbis oblongis subtetragonis diphyllis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis, r»' 

cemo erecto paucifloro, labello intus lineis 2 elevatis: limbo erecto ac* 

tiusculo." Blume. 

Chelonantuera miniata. Blume p. 385. 

Hab. prope cataractas fluvii Tpl 
montis Salak supra arbores, fl 

" Flores miniati j sepala acuta, exteriora leviter carinata." 

Hab. prope cataractas fluvii Tjikundul, ad montem Gede, Java, et in 
montis Salak supra arbores, florens Junio, etc. Blume. 


§ Gomphostylis. Wall. Mss. Pleione. Don Prodr. nep. 

Folia seroiina. Pseudo-bulbi vaginis reticulatis tecti, depressi, cute tenerd nee 
corned lucidd. Flores solitarii radicates pedunculo vaginato. Labellum 
fimbriatwm basi saccatum. Columna apice petaloidea cucullata. Pollinia 
materie granulosd cohcerentia. 

I am unable to distinguish any thing like an essential difference between 
the plants of this section and Coelogyne proper ; their habit is remarkable 
but there is a close approach to it in C. uniflora. The granular matter by 
which their pollen masses cohere is of exactly the same nature as that of 
C. fimbriata. 

17- C<elogyne humilis. Lindley. 

C. foliis , labello integro emarginato fimbriate, disco cristis plu- 

rimis fimbriatis, columna apice subintegra. 

Epidendrum humile. Smith Exot. Bot. t. 98. 

Cymbidium humile. Smith in Rees. 

Pleione humilis. Don- Prodr. 37. 

Coelogyne humilis. Lindl. coll. p. 37. Wall. Cat. n*. 1963. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico, et v. ic. pict.) 
Flores candidi. Labellum sanguineo maculatum. Vaginae virides imma- 
culate. Columna sanguineo punctata. 

18. Ccelogyne Wallichiana. 

C. foliis , labelli lobo medio ovato denticulato apice bilobo integro 

cum apiculo : lateralibus obsoletis, disco cristis quinque incompletis den- 
ticulatis, basi breviter calcarato, columna apice dentata, stigmatis labio 
inferiore tricuspidato. 

Hab. in Pundua, Wallich. (v. ic. pict. in Museo Anglo-Indico.) 
Flores purpurei, prioris. 

19. Ccelogyne maculata. 

C. foliis lanceolatis plicatis, labelli lobis lateralibus abbreviatis integris : 
intermedio ovato retuso undulato, disco lineis quinque rectis denticu- 
latis, columna integra, bractea ventricosa. 

Gomphostylis Candida. Wallich M ic. pict. in Museo Anglo-Indico n. 65 1 . 

Hab. in Pundua, India Orientalis, Wallich. (v. ic. pict. in I. c.) 

Flores candidi. Labellum medio sanguineo-lineatum, ad latera lobi inter- 
medii guttatum. Pseudo-bulbi fusci. 

20. Ccelogyne praecox. lindley. 

C. foliis oblongis ovatisque plicatis, labelli lobo medio oblongo emarginato 
fimbriato : disco cristis quinque serratis, basi breviter calcarato, columna 
apice dentata. 

Epidendrum precox. Smith Exot. Fl. t. 97. 

Cymbidium praecox. Smith in Ren, 

Pleione praecox. Don Prodr. 37. 

Ccelogyne praecox. Lindl. Coll. Bot. p. 37. Wall. Cat. no. 1965. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. {hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- fndico, et v. ic.pict.) 
Flores purpurei, labelli limbo albo. Pseudo-bulbi maculati. Vagiaae infe- 
riores pedunculorum maculatae. 


§ Pan i sea. 
Sepala petala et labellum aqualia conniveniia conformia : hoc integerrimo 
ecristato. Columna alato-marginata ecornis. Inflorescentia radicalis. Ccelo- 
gyni et Dendrochilo pariter affinis, huic labello Mo columnd, ab utroque 
diversa. An genus proprium ? 

21. Ccelogyne parviflora. 

C. pseudo-bulbis ca^spitosis ovatis elongatis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis ob- 
tusis racemi stricti imbricati longitudine, bracteis ovatis acutis pedicellis 
brevioribus, floribus imbricatis, petalis sepalisque lineari-oblongis sequa- 
libus conniventibus, labello petalis conformi basi sigmoideo flexuoso 
integerrimo, columna cuneata integra. 
? Dendrobium demissum. Don Prodr. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 
Petala basi cordata. Scapus radicalis, capillaris, 4-5-uncias longus. 

This plant occupies an intermediate position between Coelogyne and 
Dendrochilum, agreeing with the former in its winged column, differing 
in its entire lip, and connivent flowers, and agreeing with the latter in 
its entire- lip with a sigmoidal flexure at the base, but differing in the 
structure of the column and especially in the want of the lateral horn-like 


Sepala libera, erecta, requalia. Petala conformia paulb minora. Labellum 
oblongum, obsolete trilobum, carnosum, cum columna articulatum, linea 
elevata interrupts disci. Columna cum ovario continua, semiteres, an 
basin antice clavata. Clinandrium convexum. Anthera obsolete bilo- 
cularis. Pollinia 4, complanata, incumbentia ( § . § ) : posticis minori- 
bus, materie granulosa leviter cohserentia. 

Habitus et patria ignoti. 

1. Dicrypta Baueri. 

Habitat (v. ic. Bauerianam.) 

Pedicellus medio articulatus, bractea oblonga glabra vaginatus. Ovarium 
pedicello paulo longius, cylindraceum, angulis placentariis costalibusque 
subaequalibus. Flos luteus sepalis exths punctatis. Clinandrium con- 
vexum emarginatum, cavitate levi pro anthera recipienda. Anthera 
papillosa. Capsular valvulab subffiquales. 
I only know this curious plant from a sketch of the flowers made by 

Mr. Bauer from a plant that blossomed at Kew, September 3, 1806. It is 

not noticed in the 5th volume of the Hortus Kewensis published in 1813. 


Sepala conniventia v. (anthesi peracta?) reflexa, aequalia, libera : laterali- 
bus carinatis. Petala sepalis subaequalia. Labellum integrum, conca- 
vum, cum columna parallelum, subcochleatum, medio interruptum> 
dimidia superiore ovata subcordata j venis simplicibus a basi labelh 
radiantibus. Columna cum ovario continua, non cum labello articulata, 


nana, aptera. Anthera subrotunda, inappendiculata, bilocularis. Pollinia 
2, libera, medio foveata. Ovarium triquetrum. — Herbal caulescentes, 
foliis teretibus, floribus solitariis v. paucis. 

1. Mesoclastes uniflora. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1993. 

M. floribus solitariis, labelli dimidia superiore medio callosa-, 

Hab. in Gossain Than, fVallich. (hab. s. sp. ex Herb. Anglo- Indico.) 

Labellum dimidia; inferioris venis incrassatis. Sepala conniventia. Folia 
paul5 majora quam in sequente. Capsula lineari-oblonga sesquiuncialis. 

2. Mesoclastes brachystachys. Lindl. I. c. no. 1994. 

M. spicis brevibus densis paucifloris, labelli dimidia superiore ecallosa. 

Hab. in Sylket, Indice Orientalis, fVallich. (hab. s. sp. ex Herb. Angl. Ind.) 

Sepala demum reflexa. Labellum dimidia' inferioris venis versus basin 
evanescentibus. Caules duri. Folia filiformia subtortuosa. Hujus tan- 
tum vidi pollinia. 

Section II. Dendrobie^e. 

OrchiOBS ; Tribus Malaxideae,** Dendrobieae. Lindley in Bot. Reg.fol. 1291 . 
Columna in ovario recumbens, ad basin longiiis producta. 

Artificial Analysis of the Genera. 

Pollinia 2 ; v. I bipartibile. 

Labellum bilobum (cum columna continuum) 

Petala unguiculata. Sepala lateralia omninu connata 29. Lyr^a. 
Petala sessilia. Sepala lateralia basi tantum connata 28. Cochlia. 

Labellum integrum, v. trilobum (cum columna articulatum) 

Petala multifida : laciniis clavatis appendiciformibus 36. Epicranthes. 

Petala indivisa 
Labellum calcaratum - - - 35. Microcoria. 

Labellum ecalcaratum 

Folia plana .... 39, Diglyphosa. 

Folia equitaotia .... 44, Oxystophyllu.m. 

Pollinia 4. (nunc in unum connata.) 

Petala nulla 37. Monomeria. 

Petala duo. 

Sepalum posticum majus, lateralibus alte connatum 30. Megaclinium. 

Sepalum posticum liberum 

Labellum cum columna connatum 

Labelli limbus longe unguiculatus - - 38. Stenoglossum. 

Labelli limbus sessilis dilatatus - 46. Metaciiilum. 

Labellum liberum, v. tantum cum basi producta co- 
lumns connatum 

Labellum unguiculatum, planum ; (saepius intc- 
gerrimum et carnosum) 

Sepala lateralia acuminatissima supremo nano 32. C'irrhopetalum. 
Sepala lateralia supremo subaequalia 

Petala et labellum minima conformia - 33. Trias. 
Labellum pctalis roajus difforme 

Sepala reflexa - - - 34. Macrostomium. 

Sepala erecta - - - 31. Bolbophyllum. 


Labellum sessile cucullatum ; (sapius trilobum et 
Folia plana 

Labellum posticnm. Flores carnosi. Ala-1 45 p 0LY stachya. 
bastra trigona ----- J 
Labellum anticum (ssepius). Flores membra- \ 4Jr DendR obium." 
nacei. Alabastra teretia - J 

Folia equitantia - - - - 43. Aporum. 

Pollinia 8. 

Clinandrium cucullatum, margine erecto membranaceo. An- 1 4 ^ Phreatia. 

thera immersa ---- . - - J 

Clinandrium non cucullatum. 

Sepala lateralia basi aequalia ... 40. MvcARANTHES. 

Sepala lateralia basi valde obliqua - - -42. Eria. 


Cochlia. Blume Bydr. 320. tabellen 59. 

Sepala erecta : lateralibus basi connatis. Petala minora. Labellum basi 
angustatum, ungui columnar junctum, adscendens, superne in limbum 
semilunatum margine revolutum et verrucosum dilatatum. Columna 
bicornis, recumbens. Anthera semibilocularis, columnam postice ter- 
minans. Pollinia 2, ovata, libera. — Herba epiphyta caulescens. Caules 
vaginis scariosis imbricati. Folia coriacea, ovato-elliptica, supra con- 
vexa, subtus concava. Pedunculi laterales, solitarii. Flores capitati, 
violacei. Character ex Blume. 

1. Cochlia violacea. Blume I. c. 

Hab. ad montem Salak insulae Javce, supra arbores, florens Novembn 
Decembri} Blume. 



Sepala conniventia inaequalia : lateralibus inter se et cum basi products 
colunrnae connatis. Petala nana, spatulata. Labellum alte bilobum, 
cum basi producta columnae continuum, (nee articulatum). Column 8 
nana, in ovario recumbens. Pollinia 2, in uno connata. — Herba, habitu 
Bolbophylli. Char, ex A. Richard, orch. Maur. p. 62. 
This genus agrees entirely with Bolbophyllum in habit. It is distin- 
guished by its labellum being deeply lobed and continuous, not articulated, 
with the columna } by its spatulate petals, and by the cohesion of the 
lateral sepals. 

1. Lyrjea prismatica. 

Bulbopbyllnm prismaticum. Thouars orch. Afr. 1. 109. A. Rich. orch. Maur. p. 62. *. 8. no.& 

Hab. in insulis Mauritii (Thouars, Bory), Borbonue (Bory), supra arbores 
et saxa ; A. R. 

Folia gemina e pseudo-tubere subtetragono, coriacea, oblongo -lanceolate 
obtusa, oblique emarginata. Scapus gracilis radicalis, palmaris, versus 
basin squamatus. Rachis gracilis. Flores lutescentes in spicam rarad 
dispositi, ex axilla bracteae semicordatse amplexicaulis. 



Megaclinium. Until, in Dot, Reg. 989. 

Sepala erecta, inaequalia : lateralibus minoribus cum columna contiatis. 
Petala nana. Labellum nanum integerrimum cum basi columna? elastice 
articulatum. Columna nana marginata disciformis in apicem ovarii prona 
basi vix producta. Anthera obsolete bilocularis. Pollinia 4, libera, 
per paria cohaerentia, aequalia. — Herbae epiphytae, rhizomatc repente 
pseudo-bulbifero. Folia coriacea, avenia. Racemi radicales. Rachis 
dilatata, compressa. 

A genus nearly related to JBolbophyllum from which however it is abun- 
dantly distinct. 

1. Megaclinium falcatum. Lindley. 

M. foliis binis ovalibus emarginatis biplicatis, rachi compressa falcata cre- 
nata, sepalo supremo obtuso apice utrinque calloso : lateralibus reflexis 
bidentatis, petalis minimis subulatis obtusis. 
Megaclinium falcatum. Lindley in Bot. Reg. t. 989 . 
Hab. in Sierra Leone (v. v. cult.) 

The lip of this plant is elastically articulated with the column, and ex- 
hibits a beautiful instance of vegetable irritability, analogous to that of 
some species of Pterostylis. The lip moves up and down with great ra- 
pidity, much in the same way as the head of the Chinese images of Man- 

2. Megaclinium maximum. 

Hab. in <S. Leone ; Smeathman (v. s. sp. in Herb. Banks, sinejioribus et foliis.) 
Rachis 5 uncias longa, semunciam lata, complanata, crenata. Scapus pe- 

dalis. Rhizoma pennae cygneae crassitudine. Pseudo-bulbus oblongus, 

verosimiliter angulatus. 


Bulbophyllum. Thouars orch. Afr. Lindley In Bot. Reg. 832. Orch. seel. no. 143. — Bolbo- 
phyllum. Spreng. syst. 3. p. 732. — Dipuyes. Blume Bydr. 310. tabellen 66. — Tribrachia. 
Until, in Bot. Reg. 832. — Anisopetalum. Hooker Fl. Exot. 149. 

Sepala erecta, acuminata, subaequalia, lateralibus cum pede columna? con- 
natis et basi obliquis. Petala nana (rarissime sepalis subaequalia). La- 
bellum cum pede columnar articulatum, unguiculatum, saepius integrum, 
et posticum. Columna nana, ant ice bidentata, v. bicornis. Anthera 1-v. 
2-locularis. Pollinia 4, libera, valde inaequalia, nunc in uno connata, 
nunc per paria cohaerentia, altero cujusvis paris minuto lobuliformi. — 
Herbae epiphytae, rhizomate repente pseudo-bulbifero. Folia coriacea, 
avenia. Racemi radicales. 

I have no hesitation in referring all the above cited genera hither. 
When I published Tribrachia I was only acquainted with Bolbophyllum 
through Du Petit Thouars's figures j I now know them to be the same. 
Diphyes is obviously a synonym. Dr. Hooker's Anisopetalum differs only 
in the greater inequality of the sepals. Even Cirrhopetalum itself is less 
distinct from Bolbophyllum than would appear from the inspection of the 
1st and 2nd species. 


§ I. Flores fasciculati v. solitarii, radicales, speciosi. 

1. Bolbophyll vm leopardinum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1981. 

B. pseudo-bulbis csespitosis ovato-oblongis vestitis, foliis coriaceis rigidis 
oblongis solitariis petiolatis, floribus radicalibus fasciculatis globoso- 
campanulatis, sepalis ovatis guttatis subsequalibus, petalis minoribus 
conformibus, labello carnoso ovato obtuso integerrimo. 

Dendrobium leopardinum. Wallich Tentamen vol. \.p. 39. t. 28. 

Hab. in India Orientali in monte Chandaghiry super arborum truncos ,* 
Wallich. (Jiabeo s. spont. e Museo Anglo- Indico.)' 
This is the handsomest species of the genus and is remarkable for its 

large globose pale yellowish green flowers spotted with purple. Dr. w al- 

lich's description in the work above quoted is excellent. 

2. Bolbophyllum affine. Lindl. I. c. no. 1982. 

B. rhizomate crasso repente, pseudo-bulbis oblongis teretibus, foliis cori- 
aceis rigidis oblongis solitariis petiolatis emarginatis, floribus radicalibus 
solitariis, sepalis petalisque sequalibus ovato-lanceolatis, labello carnoso 
ovato-lanceolato obtuso integerrimo. 
Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (habeo s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico.) 

This species is nearly related to the preceding, with which it agrees in 
the position and size of its flowers, but it differs from it in their being 
solitary, in the more lanceolate figure of the floral envelopes, and especi- 
ally in the petals being as large as the sepals ; a solitary case in this genus. 

3. Bolbophyllum mutabile. 

B. ** foliis coriaceis lanceolatis retusis, pedunculis folio brevioribus biflons. 

Dipbyes mutabilis. Blume Bijdr. 312. 
Hab. in sylvis altioribus montis Salak insulae Java, florens Julio Septembri; 

" Caules ebulbi. Pedunculi breves pauciflori. Gynostemium bicuspidatum. 

Anthera 1-locularis. Flores virescentes demum crocei ; sepala exteriors 

acuminata ; labellum miniatum ; limbus obtusus, subcrenulatus." Blume- 

4. Bolbophyllum ciliatum. 

B. " bulbis remotis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis, pedunculis folio brevioribus. 

Diphyes ciliata. Blume Bijdr. 317 '. 

Hab. ad originem fluvii Tjiburrum Java, in montosis Gede, florens Junio; 

** Pedunculi solitarii uniflori. Flores violacei, sepalis exterioribus acunU' 

nut is, labelli limbo ciliolato." Blume. 

5. Bolbophyllum cernuum. 

B. '*, bulbis approximatis, foliis lanceolatis, pedunculis folio longioribus 

cernuis." Blume. 
Diphyes cernua. Blume By dr. 318. 

Hab. in sylvis humidis montis Salak, Java, florens Septembri ; Blume. 
"Pedunculi solitarii uniflori. Flores purpurascentes, sepalis exterioribu s 

elongatis, labelli limbo margine reflexo, anthera cristata." Blume. 


6. Bolbophyllum parvulum. 

B. <( bulbis approximatis depressis, foliis ovalibus obtusis, pedunculis folio 
valde longioribus, sepalis exterioribus inaequalibus acutis, labelli limbo 
obtuso glanduloso tumido." Blame. 

Diphyes pusilla. Blume Bijdr. 317. 

Hab. in sylvis montis Salak, Javee, ad corticem arborum, florens Junio 
Decembri ; Blume. 

" Pedunculi solitarii uniflori. Flores aurantiaci, sepalo dorsali nervoso." 

7- Bolbophyllum hirsutum. 

B. " bulbis approximatis, foliis lanceolatis, sepalis exterioribus subaequa- 
libus apice hirsutis, labelli limbo obtuso intus glanduloso." Blume. 

Diphyes hirsuta. Blume p. 318. 

Hab. prope eataractas calidas montis Gede supra arbores et in altioribus 
Salak, Javee, florens Maio Augusto j Blume. 

" Flores aurantiaci, sepalis ovali-oblongis acutis striatis, labello interne 
lineis 2 elevatis notato." 

8. Bolbophyllum ovalifolium. 

B. " bulbis approximatis, foliis ovalibus, sepalis exterioribus lanceolatis 

inaequalibus, labelli limbo obtuso." Blume. 
Diphyes ovalifolia. Blume p. 318. 
Hab. in montosis Gede, Java, florens Junio ; Blume. 

" Flores flavo-virentes, sepalis lateralibus dorsali majoribus, labello 

9. Bolbophyllum inaequale. 

B. " bulbis approximatis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis obtusis, sepalis latera- 
libus postico fere dupl5 longioribus acuminatis, labelli limbo verrucoso." 

Diphyes inaequalis. Blume p. 319. 

Hab. in sylvis primaevis montis Pangoerangoe, Javee, florens Novembri ; 

" Flores aurantiaci, nervis atropurpureis. Labellum atropurpurascens." 

10. Bolbophyllum bicolor. 

B. pseudo-bulbis ovalibus, foliis solitariis oblongis coriaceis emarginatis 
floribus longioribus, corymbo trifloro pedunculato, sepalo supremo ob- 
longo cuspidato : lateralibus lanceolatis longioribus, petalis oblongis 
cuspidatis, labello ovato obtuso. 
Hab. in China ; Reeves, (v. ic. pict. Sinens. in Bibl. Hort. Soc.) 
Flores speciosi, crocei. Sepalum supremum et petala apice purpurea 
purpureo punctata. Labellum croceum puncticulatum. 

11. Bolbophyllum tenellum. 

B- " bulbis approximatis, foliis lanceolatis obtusis, sepalis inaequalibus : 
lateralibus ovalibus obtusis dorsali lanceolato majoribus, labelli limbo 
tumido verrucoso." Blume. 

Diphyes teuella. Blume p. 319. t. 66. Mo Bot. Garden, 

May, 1830. h ... - 


Hab. prope Passir Ipis provincial Buitenzorg, Java, florens Julio ; Blume. 
" Flores pallide aurantiaci ; labellum atropurpureum, inferne canalicu- 

12. Bolbophyllum gracile. 

B. " bulbis approximate, foliis lineari-spatulatis, sepalis exterioribus acu- 

minatis." Blume. 
Diphyes gracilis. Blume p. 319. 

Hab. in sylvis humidis montis ignivomi Gede, Java, florens Junio ; Blume. 
" Flores pallide aurantiaci, limbo labelli obtuso, glanduloso." 

13. Bolbophyllum mucronatum. 

B. " bulbis remotis, foliis ovalibus planis mucronulatis, labello carinato. 

Diphyes mucronata. Blume p. 317. 

Hab. in montanis Pantjar, Java, florens Junio Julio ; Blume. 

" Pedunculi conferte multiflori. Flores pallide flaventes, sepala exteriora 
acuminata, subrequalia, interne spatulata, acuta. Gynostemium inte- 

14. Bolbophyllum tenuifolium. 

B. ** bulbis remotis, foliis ovalibus margine recurvis, labello interne cari- 
nato." Blume. 

Diphyes tenuifolia. Blume p. 316. 

Hab. in sylvis montis Salak, Java, florens Octobri ; Blume. 

" Pedunculi conferte multiflori. Flores pallide flavi, sepalis exterioribus 
suba^qualibus, dorsali nervis atropurpureis, interioribus minutissimis, 
obtusis, margine punctis purpureis variegatis. Labellum eglandulosum. 
Anthera dorso cristata." Blume. 

15. Bolbophyllum violaceum. 

B. " bulbis remotis, foliis lanceolatis obtusis, sepalis interioribus oblique 

emarginatis." Blume. 
Diphyes violacea. Blume p. 316. 

Hab. in sylvis Salak, Java, florens Septembri • Blume. 
** Pedunculi conferte multiflori. Flores violacei, sepalis exterioribus acu- 

minatis. Labellum obtusum, limbo flavo. Anthera dorso glandulosa." 

16. Bolbophyllum tortuosum. 

B. ** foliis lineari-lanceolatis, labello utrinque hirsuto, gynostemii appen- 
dicibus tortuosis." Blume. 

Diphyes tortuosa. Blume p. 311. 

Hab. in arboribus ad montem Salak, Java, florens Octobri ; Blume. 

" Sepala exteriora nervis 3 atropurpureis. Labellum carnosum, atropur- 
pureum, limbo luteo. Caules ebulbi." 

§ II. Flores spicativ. racemosij rachifiliformi. 
17. Bblbophyllpm auricomum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1985. 
B. pseudo-bulbis ovatis teretibus, foliis } seapis elongatis erectis, 


spica eernua multiflora, sepalis ovatis acuminatis aequalibus glaberrimis, 
petalis obtusis ciliatis, labello minimo ovato obtuso carnoso integerrimo. 

Hab. in Tavoy, India Orientalis, Wallich. (habeo s. sp. c Museo Anglo- Indico.) 
Follinia 4, per paria cohserentia, interioribus minimis lobuliformibus. 

18. Bolbophyllum hirtum. Lindl. I. c. no. 1989. 

B. pseudo-bulbis csespitosis ovatis teretibus, foliis ; scapis erectis 

pubescentibus, spicis recurvis villosis multifloris, sepalis acuminatis 
subaequalibus, petalis minutis ovatis, labello lineari integerrimo retuso. 

Stelis hirta. Smith ! in Rees. 
Tribrachia hirta. Lindley Coll. 41. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico, et v. ic. pict.) 

Omnes partes floris valde hirtae. Flores virescentes. Scapi 4-unciales ; 
spicae aequilongse. Pollinia 4, per paria cohserentia ; interioribus minimis 
excavatione majorum jacentibus. 

19. Bolbophyllum Careyanum. Spreng. 

B. rhizomate repente, pseudo-bulbis ovatis angulatis, foliis lineari-loratis 
erectis solitariis, spicis cylindraceis densifloris erectis pseudo-bulbis 
longioribus, sepalis lateralibus maximis, petalis triangularibus apice 
subulatis, labello trilobo piano : lobis lateralibus abbreviatis. 

Pleurothallis purpurea. Don Prodr. 33. 

Tribrachia purpurea. Lindl. Coll. 

Anisopetalum Careyanum. Hooker I. c. t. 149. 

Bolbophyllum Careyanum. Spreng. syst. 3. 732. Wall. Cat. no. 1990. 

Hab. in Napalia et Martabania, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Angl. hid.) 

Flores in icone Hookeriana sepalis sordid^ luteis purpureo maculatis, pe- 
talis flavis, labello plumbeo violaceo, columna crocea; in Wallichiano 
fusco-purpurei sine ullo alio colore. Pollinia 4, per paria coh«rentia, 
interioribus minimis nee aequalibus ut vult eel. Hooker. 

20. Bolbophyllum reptans. Lindl. I. c. no. 1988. 

B. rhizomate repente, pseudo-bulbis ovatis teretibus, foliis solitariis line- 
aribus apice obsolete bidentatis, scapo erecto foliis breviore, raeemo 
laxo, bracteis membranaceis ovario longioribus, sepalis lanceolatis sub- 
aequalibus : lateralibus basi obliquis, petalis minutis oblongis obtusis, 
labello ovato integerrimo, columna bicorni. 

Tribrachia reptans. Lindley C»ll. 41. t. A. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-lt-dico et v. ic. pict.) 

Sepala pallide crocea ; petala alba ; labellum disco purpurascens. Pseudo- 
bulbi juniores ramentis vestiti ; adulti nudi. 

21. Bolbophyllum variegatum. Thouars. . . 

B. rhizomate repente, pseudo-bulbis ovato-subrotundis teretibus, foliis 
binis lineari-loratis acutis, scapis erectis foliis brevioribus, spicis nutan- 
tibus, sepalis acuminatis, petalis ovatis, labello canalicular integerrimo 
obtuso, bracteis maximis. 

Bolbophyllum variegatum. Tkounrs orck. Afr. t. 1 05. 1 06. A. Rick. orck. Maur. p. 64. 
Bolbophyllum nutans. A. Rick. orck. A/r.p. 63. /. 8. «». 2. 
Hab. in insula Borbonue ; Thouars. 


22. Bolbophyllum nutans. Thouars. 

B. rhizomate repente filiformi, pseudo-bulbis subrotundis subquadratis, 
foliis binis oblongis retusis, scapis foliis longioribus subnutantibus, se- 
palis ovatis acutis, petalis minoribus conformibus, labello ovato canali- 
culate) subcordato. 

Bulbophyllum nutans. Thouars t. 107. Ach. Rich. orch. Maur.p.63. 

Hab. in insulis Mauritii et Borbonue, Commerson, Thouars. 

23. Bolbophyllum pendulum. Thouars. 

B. rhizomate filiformi, pseudo-bulbis subrotundis subquadratis, foliis binis 
lineari-oblongis emarginatis, scapis foliis brevioribus recurvis, sepalis 
oblongis acutis : lateralibus collateralibus majoribus, petalis ovatis, la- 
bello carnoso cordato-ovato obtuso. 

Bulbophyllum pendulum. Thouars t. 104. A. Rich. p. 65. 

Hab. in Mauritio ■. Thouars. 

24. Bolbophyllum densum. Thouars. 

B. rhizomate repente, pseudo-bulbis ovalibus, foliis binis lineari-loratis 
oblique emarginatis scapis brevioribus, spicis erectis, sepalis ovatis m- 
ferioribus majoribus, labello ovato-cordato integerrimo. 

Bulbophyllum densum. Thouars t. 108. A. Rich. p. 64. 

Hab. in Mauritio, Thouars. 

25. Bolbophyllum incurvum. Thouars. 

B. pseudo-bulbis subquadratis, foliis solitariis ovali- oblongis oblique emar- 
ginatis, scapis erectis foliis longioribus, spicis nutantibus, sepalis acu- 
minatis, petalis linearibus, labello oblongo ciliato, columna bicorni. 

Bulbophyllum incurvum. Thouars t. 95. A. Rich. orch. Maur. p. 64. 

Hab. in Mauritio ; Thouars. 

26. Bolbophyllum gracile. Thouars. 

B. pseudo-bulbis ovalibus compressis, foliis geminis lineari-loratis eroai" 
ginatis scapo erecto gracili brevioribus, vaginis scapi inflatis, spic* 
filiformi multiflora. 

Bulbophyllum gracile. Thouars 1. 101. 

Hab. in Mauritio ; Thouars. 

Flores minimi, vix noti } verosimiliter tamen hujus generis. 

27. Bolbophyllum minutum. Thouars. 

B. rhizomate filiformi, pseudobulbis subrotundis foliis binis oblong 13 
emarginatis subaequalibus, scapo erecto elongato, spica pauciflora, se* 
palis ovatis petalisque acutis, labello oblongo convexo integerrimo. 

Bulbophyllum minutum. Thouars t. 110. 

Hab. in Madagascar ; Thouars. 

28. Bolbophyllum Commersonii. Thouars. 

B. rhizomate repente, pseudo-bulbis oblongis subangulatis, foliis solitari' 5 
oblongis oblique emarginatis, scapo erecto multifloro foliis longio* e ' 

Bulbophyllum Commersonii. Thouars t. 97. 
Hab. in Borbonia ; Thouars. 


29. Bolbophyllum erectum. Thouars. 

B. rhizomate filiformij pseudo-bulbis subrotundis angulatis, foliis oblongis 
solitariis emarginatis, scapo erecto foliis longiore, spica laxa nutante, 
sepalis lateralibus acuminatis : supremo acuto, petalis subulatis, labello 
oblongo ciliato, columna mutica. 

Bulbopliyllum erectum. Thouars t. 96. 

Hab. in Madagascar ; Thouars. 

30. Bolbophyllum recurvum. 

B. pseudo-bulbis ovatis compressis caespitosis, foliis solitariis oblongis ob- 
lique emarginatis subtus purpureo-maculatis, scapis pendulis foliis duplb 
longioribus, spicis quadrifariam imbricatis, sepalis ovatis acutis ciliatis, 
petalis obovatis, labello ovato integerrimo carnoso. 

Tribrachia pendula. Lindley in Bot. Reg. t. 963. 

Hab. in Sierra Leone, (v. v. cult.) 

Flores virescentes ; rachi et labello purpureis. Pollinia 4, omnia cohae- 
rentia, interioribus obsoletis. 

31. Bolbophyllum tetragonum. 

B. pseudo-bulbis ovatis acute tetragonis, foliis solitariis, rachi tetragona 
pubescente, bracteis oblongis acutis dorso pubescentibus capsularum 
longitudine, sepalis ovatis aequalibus, petalis subulatis, labello ovato 
apiculato margine membranaceo serrato. 

Hab. in Sierra Leone, (v. v. cult, sinejtoribus, et s. spontaneum.) 

Exemplar seminiferum et spicae partem tantum vidi. Rachis flexuosa 
tetragona sulcata, pilis nigris raris adspersa. Bracteae cymbiformes, 
subtus pilosae, florum longitudine, sessiles, semiamplexicaules. Flores 
parvi, recti, sepalis ovatis, conniventibus, aequalibus, petalis subulatis 
columna paulo longioribus erectis. Columna subrotundo-ovata, ant ice 
alata (alis marginem rotundatum formantibus a basi antica usque ad 
cardinem antherae, ubi in processu ovato connascuntur) callo piano 
prominente elliptico transverso ad ipsam basin auteriorem. Stigma 
pulvinatum subquadratum, in facie columna; intra margines. Labellum 
minimum, oblongum^ carnosum, marginatum, faciei columnas incumbens 
apice reflexo, marginibus tenuibus serratis. 

This curious little plant was formerly cultivated in the Garden of the 
Horticultural Society, but is now lost. It is frequently sent from Sierra 
Leone mixed with other epiphytes, and is, I should think, very common 
in that colony. 

32. Bolbophyllum polyrhizum. 

B. pseudo-bulbis ovatis caespitosis, foliis , scapis erectis, spicis 

laxis erectis 5-6-floris, sepalis ovatis obtusis aequalibus, petalis minimis, 
labello sessili ovato obtuso integerrimo. 

Hab. in India Orientali ,• fVallich. (v. ic. pict.) 

Pseudo-bulbi atrovirides. Flores viridi lutei. 

33. Bolbophyllum cylindraceum. 

B. pseudo-bulbis nullis, foliis solitariis oblongo-lanccolatis petiolatis scapis 
duplb brevioribus, spica densissima cylindracea ad basin spath& involuta, 


sepalis lateralibus semiovatis planis collateralibus : supremo minore, 
petalis minimis ovatis obtusis, labello ovato obtuso. 

Hab. in India Orientali ; Wallich. (w. ic. pict.) 

Folia pedalia, atroviridia, squamis cinnamomeis ad basin. Scapi sesqui- 
pedales, erecti j spicse 6-unciales. Flores albi, densissime imbricati, 
labello et sepalis lateralibus semper posticis planis : supremo antico 
abbreviato acuto. 

I know tbis very remarkable plant only from an excellent drawing in 
Dr. Wallich's possession. It is not more remarkable for its very dense 
imbricated flowers, which have a great spathe-like bractea at the base of 
their spike, than for the want of the spurious bulbs, which are, with 
this single exception, characteristic of the genus. 

34. Bolbophyllum gibbosum. 

B. '* foliis petiolatis lanceolatis obtusiusculis coriaceis, labelli limbo ob- 
tuso lineato margine nudo, ungue gynostemii gibboso." Blume. 

Diphyes gibbosa. Blume Bijdr. 312. tab, 66. 

Hab. in sylvis altioribus montis Salak, Java, florens Junio ; Blume. 

" Caules radicantes ebulbi. Pedunculi elongati, solitarii, spicato-multiflori- 
Gynostemium bifidum. Flores pallida flavi, labello aurantiaco basi 
canaliculate Variat foliis acuminatis." Blume. 

35. Bolbophyllum odoratum. 

B. " foliis petiolatis lanceolatis nervosis, labello interne glanduloso. 

Diphyes odorata. Blume By dr. 312. 
Hab. in truncis arborum ad originem fluvii Tjiburrum, Java, florens Junio; 

** Caules radicantes ebulbi. Pedunculi elongati, solitarii, spicato-multi* 

flori. Gynostemium bifidum. Flores flavi parvi odoratissimi." Blume- 

36. Bolbophyllum flavescens. 

B. " foliis breviter petiolatis lineari-lanceolatis, pedunculo basi vaginato 

multifloro, labelli limbo obtuso ciliato." Blume. 
Diphyes flavescens. Blume Bijdr. 313. 
Hab. in montosis Java supra arbores ; Blume. 

" Caules radicantes ebulbi. Pedunculi elongati, solitarii, spicato-niuHi- 
flori. Gynostemium bifidum. Flores pallide flavi, sepalis exterioribus 
acuminatis inaequalibus ; labellum inferne cafinatum aurantiacum. ^ fl * 
rial a, spicis trifloris, floribus concoloribus j /3 foliis latioribus longi teI 
petiolatis, spicis multifioris, floribus minor ibus concoloribus, labello an- 
gusto." Blume. 

37- ? Bolbophyllum pumilum. 

B. " caule radicante filiformi bulbifero, bulbis monophyllis, folio oblong ' 

scapis basilaribus tenuissimis elongatis apice flexuosis." Swartx. 
Dendrobium pumilum. Swart:. Pert, syn, 2. 523. 
Hab. in Sierra Leone; Swartz. 


§ III. Flores spicati; rachi clavatd v. incrassatd. 

38. Bolbophyllum clavatum. Thouars. 

B. pseudo-bulbis ovatis diphyllis, foliis oblongo-loratis emarginatis obtusis, 
rachi clavata, floribus semi-immersis, sepalis lateralibus connatis. 

Kulbophyllum conitum. Thouars orch.Afr. t. 100. 
Bulbophyllum clavatum. Id.t.99. A.Rich. orch.Maur. p. 61. 

Hab. in Mauritio; Thouars. 

Flores purpurascentes. Pollinium solitarium, subbilobum. A. Rich. 

Obs. Medium inter Bolbophyllum et Lyraeam, illius speciebus conveniens 

labello, petalis et habitu, vix hac ob sepala lateralis connata consoci- 


39. Bolbophyllum pusillum. Thouars, 

B. rhizomate filiformi, pseudo-bulbis subquadratis foliorum magnitudine, 
foliis solitariis oblongis obtusis, scapis erectis foliis longioribus, rachi 
clavata, sepalis ovatis, petalis linearibus, labello ovato-cordato carnoso 

Bulbophyllum pusillum. Thouars t. 102. A. Rich. p. 64. 

Hab. in Mauritio ; Thouars. 

40. Bolbophyllum caespitosum. Thouars. 

B. rhizomate repente intrieato, pseudo-bulbis oblongis subquadratis, foliis 
geminis lineari-oblongis oblique retusis, scapis erectis foliis subaequali- 
bus, rachi clavata, sepalis ovatis, petalis linearibus acutis, labello sagit- 
tato ovato obtuso. 

Bulbophyllum caespitosum. Thouart t. 103. 

Hab. in Borbonia ; Thouars. 

§ IV. Flores capitati. (Cirrhopetalo proxhna.) 

41. Bolbophyllum radiatum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1986. 

B. rhizomate crasso, pseudo-bulbis elongatis teretibus, foliis oblongis apice 
integerrimis, scapis erectis filifornaibus foko brevioribus, bracteis mi- 
nimis, floribus capitatis radiatis, sepalis acuminatissimis acutis. 

Hab. ia Tavoy, Indue Orientals, Wallich. {hah. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 

Sepala aequalia. Petala longe aristata. Pollinia4, per paria coherent ia 

interioribus minimis. 

This species differs from the next in its very taper sepals, in the petals 
being also finely acuminate, in its obsolete bracteae, and in the squamae 
of the scape being very small, not dilated as in B. odoratissimum. It 
approaches Cirrhopetalum from which it differs in the equal size of its 
sepals, and it forms a transition from Cirrhopetalum to Bolbophyllum. 

42. Bolbophyllum odoratissimum. Lindl. I. c. no. 1987. 

B. rhizomate filiformi repente, pseudo-bulbis cylindraceis, foliis solitariis 
oblongis striatis retusis, scapis erectis folio brevioribus, bracteis mem- 
branaceis acuminatis floribus capitatis subaequalibus, sepalis carnosis 
acumioatia obtusis. 

SteK» odoratissim*. Smith ! in Rtes. 

^elis caudata. Don. Pro Jr. 32. 
"orachia odoratissima. Lindl. Coll. 4 1 . 


Hab. in Napalia, Wallich; forth etiam in China, (hub. s. sp. e Museo Anglo* 

Flores in capitulis rotundis, depressis. Bracteae longae scariosae, persis- 
tentes. Sepala antica basi connata. Petala minuta, membranacea, ob- 
tusa. Labellum parvum, ovatum, carnosum, sulcis tribus in medio, in 
columnam pronum. Columna apice bicornis. Pollinia per paria cohse- 
rentia, interioribus minoribus. 

There is a Chinese drawing in the collection of the Horticultural So- 
ciety of what appears to be this species. 

43. Bolbophyllum umbellatum. Lindl. I. c. no. 1984. 

B. rhizomate repente, pseudo-bulbis ovatis subangulatis, foliis solitarns 
lineari-loratis obtusis emarginatis, scapis foliis triplb brevioribus, flon- 
bus corymbosis, sepalis lateralibus obliquis falcatis obtusis majoribus, 
petalis ovatis obtusis, labello cordato ovato complicato integernmo, 
columna marginatS. bicorni. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. defloratum e Museo Anglo lndico, et v. 
ic. pict.) 

Flores subumbellati, virides, longe pedunculati, majores. Sepalum supre- 
mum lateralibus multb minus, Pollinia tantum 2, ex icone Wallichiano. 

44. Bolbophyllum caudatum. Lindl. I. c. no. 1983-. 

B. rhizomate filiformi intricate, pseudo-bulbis ovatis subquadratis, foliis 
ovatis solitariis, floribus capitatis, scapis pseudo-bulbis asqualibus, sepalis 
lateralibus longissime filiformi-acuminatis : supremo acuminata, petalis 
minutis ovatis, labello trilobo, columna bicorni. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (habeo s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico, et v. ic. pict.) 
This beautiful little species is at once recognized by the long filiform 

terminations of its lateral sepals, and the shorter termination of the upper. 

The flowers are small, pure white, and almost hidden among the leaves. 

45. Bolbophyllum capitatum. 

B. " bulbis remotis compressis, foliis lanceolatis acutis, pedunculo brevi, 
floribus 5-7 laxe capitatis bracteis canaliculars cinctis.'' Blume. 

Diphyes capitata. Blume p. 314. 

Hab. ad truncos arborum in sylvis primaevis Gede et Salak, Java, florens 
Aprili ; Blume. 

** Flores mediocres, pallide flaventes, sepalis exterioribus acuminatis, la- 
teralibus dorsali majoribus ; interioribus obtusis : labellum tumidunL 
basi canaliculatum ; limbus obtusus. Variat bulbis teretiusculis et sub- 
compressis, foliis acutiusculis v. obtusis." Blume. 

46. Bolbophyllum obtusum. 

B. " bulbis subremotis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis obtusis, pedunculo brevi 
apice 2-3-floro." Blume. 

Diphyes obtusa. Blume p. Mb. 

Hab. in sylvis obscurioribus montium Gede et Salak, Java, florens Aprili 

Maioj Blume. 
" Planta pusilla ; flores pallid^ flaventes, sepalis exterioribus acuminatis j 

lateralibus dorsali majoribus apice incrassatis, interioribus acutis ; labell' 

limbo obtuso. Variat bulbis fusinis et ovatis, et etiam latitudine foli°" 

rum." Blume. 


47. BOLBOPHYLLUM Sulcatum. 

B. " bulbis ovatis oblongis sulcatis remotis ; foliis lineari lanceolatis ob- 
tusis, pedunculis filiformibus folio longioribus 3-floris, sepalis exterio- 
ribus acuminatis subaequalibus.*' Blume. 

Diphyes sulcata. Blume p. 314. 

Hab. in cacumine montis Salak, Java, florens Augusto ; Blume. 

" Planta pusilla, bine T. angustifoliae inde T. obtusae affinis, floribus pallide 

48. Bolbophyllum angustifolium. 

B. " bulbis fusinis remotis, foliis lineari -lanceolatis acutis, pedunculis folio 

brevioribus, floribus laxfe capitatis." Blume. 
Diphyes angustifolia. Blume p. 314. 
Hab. in montosis Gede et Salak, Java, florens Junio Octobri j Blume. 

" Flores parvi, sepalis exterioribus acuminatis apice aurantiacis. Variat 
bulbis ovatis, foliis lanceolatis obtusiusculis v. obtusis, in sylvis montis 
Salak prope Passir Java, florens Augusto." Blume. 

49. Bolbophyllum croceum. 

B. " bulbis remotis, foliis lato-lanceolatis, pedunculis nutantibus, floribus 

dense capitatis." Blume. 
Diphyes crocea. Blume p. 313. 
Hab. in sylvis montosis Salak et Burangrang, Java, florens Junio No- 

vembri; Blume. 

" Flores crocei, sepalis exterioribus longissime acuminatis. Labellum 
crassum j limbus interne pubescens. Variat floribus pallide flaventibus 
foliis angustioribus." Blume. 

50. Bolbophyllum laxiflorum. 

B. " bulbis remotis, foliis lanceolatis, pedunculis cernuis.** Blume. 
Diphyes laxiflora. Blume p. 316. 

Hab. ad margines fluvii Tjiapus supra arbores, Java, florens Decembri ; 

" Flores pallide flavi, sepalis acuminatis ; labellum interne linea promi 
nente notatum, infer ne aurantiacum." 

Species dubia v. pariton cognita. 

51. ? Bolbophyllum serpens. 

B. " caule radicante bulbifero, bulbis diphyllis, foliis ovatis, scapis radi- 
calibus." Swartz. 

Cymbidium reptans. Swartz nov. act. Upt. 6. p. 71. mmm 

"endrobium reptans. Swartz act. Holm. 1800. p. 247. 25. Pert. tj/n. 2.523. 

Hab. in Mauritio ; Swartz. 

52. } Bolbophyllum galeatum. 

"• c< caule communi reptante radicantique, partialibus vaginatis mono* 
pbyllis, folio lato-lanceolato obtuso, racemo multifloro, floribus conicis 
incurvo-galeaeformibus." Swartz. 

Dcndrobium gHleatum. Swartz Pert sy/t. 2. 523. 
May, 1830. 1 


Hab. in Sierra Leone ; Afzelius. (adest in Herb. Banks.) 
Non Dendrobium, vix Bolbophyllum j nescio quid. Flores magni, desic- 
catione nigri, verosimiliter carnosi. 

53. Bolbophyllum pygmaeum. 

B. rhizomate repente filiformi, foliis solitariis subsessilibus ellipticis pu- 

bescentibus coriaceis. 
Dendrobium pygmaeum. Smith in Bees. 
Hab. in Nova Zelandia. (v. s. dejloratum in Herb. Smith.) 

" Stems thread -shaped, slender. Leaves alternate on very short foot- 
stalks, elliptical, obtuse, revolute, coriaceous rather than fleshy ; ribbed 
and roughish beneath ; clothed above with short, prominent downy hairs. 
Each footstalk proceeds from a little round bulb like a ring, smooth and 
shining yellowish and much wrinkled in a dry state but apparently very 
succulent when fresh." Smith I. c. 


Cirrhopetalnm. Lindl. in Bot. Beg. 832. (Oct. 1824). Orch. seel. no. 149.— Zygoglossum. 
Rein war dt in Bot. Zeitung 1825. vol. 2. p. 4. 

Sepala ringentia : lateralibus acuminatis, valde obliquis, basi products 
columnar adnatis, supremo multb longioribus. Petala nana apiculata. 
Labellum integrum, cum basi columnar articulatum. Columna minima 
basi longe producta, apice cornubus duobus petaloideis. Anthera bilo- 
cularis. Pollinia 4, quorum 2 interiora multb minora, lamelliformia. — 
Herbae epiphytae, rhizomate repente, pseudo-bulbos monophyllos ge- 
rente. Folia coriacea avenia. Flores dense racemosi, nunc radiati, in 
apice scapi radicalis. 
The great obliquity of the base, and elongation of the apex of the lateral 

sepals distinguish this from Bolbophyllum, with which it is connected 

through B. caudatum which has a short upper sepal. 

1, Cirbhopetalum Thouarsii. IAndl. 

C. petalis ciliatis sepaloque supremo aristatis, foliis oblongis obtusis emaT' 
ginatis scapo brevioribus. 

Epidendrum umbellatum. Forst. ! non Swartzii. 
Bulbophyllum longifiorum. Thouars orch. Afr. t. 98. 
Cirrhopetalum Thouarsii. Lindl. in Bot. Beg. 832 in textu. 
Zygoglossum umbellatum. Beinw. I. c. 
Cymbidium umbellatum. Spreng. syst. 3. 723. 

Hab. in Otaheite (Forster) ; in Java (Reiuwardt) j in Mauritio et Mad<r 

gascar (Thouars). (v. s. sp. in Herb. Banks, sine floribus.) 
Flores fusci j Thouars. 

2. Cibbhopetalum Roxburghii. 

C. petalis ciliatis acutis, sepalis omnibus acuminatis, foliis lanceolatiS' 

umbella radiata multiflora. 
Acrides radiatum. Boxh. Mss. in Museo Indico. 

Hab. arborum epiphytum ad ostia Gangis, florens tempore pluvioso j Ro*' 

Affinitatem cum C. Wallichii indicavit cl. Wallich. Folia 3-4 uncias long* 


una latitudine minora. Scapus umbellam 10-12-floram gerens. Flores 
lutei : sepalum supremum et petala purpureo-venosa : sepala lateralia 
basi leviter connata supremo quintb v. sextb longiora, falcata. Columna 
antice alata. Roxb. Mss. 

3. Cirrhopetalum vaginatum. Wall. Cat. no. 1979. 

C. sepalo supremo obtuso mutieo ; inferioribus longissime acuminatis, 

vaginis scapi oblongis obtusis ventricosis, racemo paucifloro recurvo. 
Hab. ad Singapore, supra arbores crescens, florens Octobri, fVallich. (». s. 

sp. in Herb. Mus. Anglo-Ind.) 
Rbizoma repens tortuosum. Pseudo-bulbi parvi ovato-oblongi. Folia 

ignota. Scapus 4 uncias altus vaginis tribus vestitus. Racemus brevis 

recurvus, 4-5-florus, bracteis acuminatis elongatis. 

4. Cirrhopetalum Blumii. 

C. petalis pubescentibus acutis, sepalis omnibus acuminatis, foliis lineari- 

lanceolatis, pedunculis unifloris. 
Ephippium ciliatum. Blume Bijdr. 309. tab. 65. 
Hab. in sylvis altioribus montis Salak, Java, florens Junio ; Blume. 

Pseudo-bulbi ovati, snlcati. Sepalum dorsale canaliculatum infern£ ci- 
liolatum. Labellum orbiculatum longissime cuspidatum. Columna 
bicornis ; ex Blume. 

5. Cirrhopetalum Wallichii. Lindl. I. c. no. 1980. 

C. petalis sepaloque supremo oblongis retusis muticis, foliis oblongo-lan- 

ceolatis obtusis scapi longitudine. 
Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 
Species caeteris duplb minor, caule filiformi pseudo-bulbifero. Pseudo-bulbi 
ovati monophylli. Folia coriacea, 3 uncias longa, obtusa, subseptem- 
venia, subtus purpurea punctulata. Scapi radicales 3-unciales squamis 
circiter tribus vestita. Umbellae 4-florae, (6-8-florse, Wall.) bracteis 
paucis subulatis. Flores fulvi, borizontales. Petala et sepalum supre- 
mum conformia trivenia, basi leviter sanguinea ; sepala lateralia basi 
torta, falcata, acuminata. Labellum ovatum conduplicatum integerri- 
mum petalis multo minus, cum pede incurvo columnar articulatum, intus 
punctatum. Columna bidentata. Pollinia 2 ? potius 4 per paria agglu- 
tinata. Ad iconem Wallichianam. 

€. Cirrhopetalum Macraei. 

C. petalis apiculatis nudis, sepalis omnibus acuminatis, foliis oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis obtusis emarginatis scapo subaaqualibus. 

Hab. in sylvis Zeylonae arboribus insidens j Macrae, (habeo s. sp. et v. ic. 

Urabella pauciflora. Flores pallide virides fusco-rubro venosi. Sepalum 
supremum acuminatum ; lateralia valde elongata acuminatissima cum 
basi valde producta columnae connata. Petala falcata, sepalo supremo 
paulb minora, obtusa, purpurea, apiculata, glabra. Labellum non vidi, 
cum columnae pede articulatum. Columna libera, utrinque alata, ad 
apicem in cornua duo membranacea falcata hinc bidentata elongata. 
Pollinia 4, quorum duo interiora multd minora lamelliformia. 



Sepala aequalia, ovata, patentia, basibus suis connata, a pede columnae fere 
libera. Petala minima, erecta. Labellum minimum, indivisum, in co- 
lumnam pronum et cum ejus basi producta articulatum, ad latera leviter 
semidentatum. Columna nana, semiteres, marginata, libera. Anthera 
bilocularis, apice in membranam petaloideam, cuneatam, emarginatam, 
producta. Pollinia 4, duobus interioribus minoribus. — Herbae minimae, 
pseudo-bulbis subrotundis glabris caespitem densum formantibus, mo- 
nopbyllis, foliis parvis coriaceis aveniis. Pedunculi erecti, radicales, 
foliis breviores, uniflori. Flores majusculi, viridi-fusci, aperti triangu- 
lum efficientes. 

Est Stelis inter Dendrobieas. 

1. Trias oblonga. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1977. 
T. foliis oblongis. 

Hab. in Moalmyn, Indue Orientalis, fVallich. {hab. s. sp. ex Herbario Angl- 

Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 
Flores fusco-virides, labello purpurascente, petalis fusco-viridibus. 

2. Trias ovata. 
T. foliis ovatis. 

Hab. in India Orientali, Wallich. (v. ic. pict.) 

An prioris mera varietas, foliorum forma et labello viridi nee purpureo 
prsecipue diversa. Petala alba rubro striata. 


Macrostomium. Blume B\jdr. p. 335. t. 37. 

Sepala reflexaj lateralibus cum basi producta columnae in calcar breve 
obtusum connatis. Petala minora, reflexa. Labellum ecalcaratum, un- 
guiculatum, medio dilatatum, concavum, cum ungue columnae basi con- 
natum, eodem continuum ; limbo elongate), spatulato, emarginato, recto, 
supra columnam fornicato. Anthera denti dorsali columna? inserta, 
bilocularis, convexa. Pollinia duo, bipartibilia, ovato-oblonga, cereace»i 
margini stigmatis ligulato adhaerentia. Ex Blume. 
This appears to differ from Aporum in nothing but its reflexed sepals ; 

a character however of no mean importance. 

1. Macrostomium aloefolium. Blume I. c. t. 37. 

Hab. in arboribus excelsis montis Salak, Java, florens Junio j Blume. 


Sepala libera, aequalia. Petala conformia, paulo minora. Labellum cuB« 
columna articulatum, calcaratum, calcare ventricoso, limbo nano M| 
viso. Columna minima, libera, cum ovario continua. Anthera stipitaWi 
apice membranacea, bilocularis. Pollinia libera, in loculis solitafj* 
medio foveata. — Herba forte aphylla, caulescens, radicibus numerosis* 
imis intricatis. Spicae plurimae ascendentes filiformes. Flores min u " 


1. Microccelia exilis. 

Hab. in Madagascar supra arborum ramulos ; Forbes, (hab. s. sp. Soc. 
Hortic. benigne commun.) 

Sepala ovata, obtusa. Calcar ad os constrictum. Pollinia depressa, ro- 
tunda, versus medium fovea magis pellucida, quasi reniformia apicibus 

For my specimens of this very curious little plant I am indebted to the 
Horticultural Society, who received it from Mr. Forbes. It has the smallest 
flowers of any Orchideous plant I know j it grows upon the young branches 
of trees covering them with its numerous thread like roots. It appears to 
be leafless. 

I suspect that Angraecum aphyllum of Du Petit Thouars, t. 73. belongs 
to this genus. 


Epicranthes. Blume Bijdr. 306. tabellen 9. 

Sepala tria, patentia. Petala multifida, laciniis clavatis carnosis appendi- 
ciformibus (nulla ex Blume, qui petala processus columnae appellat). 
Labellum sepalis brevius, integrum, margine revolutum, glanduloso- 
tumidum, articulatione irritabili cum columnae ungue incurvo unita. 
Columna simplex. Anthera semibilocularis. Pollinia 2, ovata. — Herba 
epiphyta, caulibus scandentibus vaginatis pseudo-bulbiferis ; pseudo- 
bulbis tetragonis monophyllis. Folia ovalia supra convexa, subtus 
concava. Pedunculi uniflori, e caule ad basin foliorum orti. 

Char, ex Blume. 

!• Epicranthes Javanica. Blume I. c. 

Hab. in altis montibus Java supra arbores, florens Septembri et Decembri; 




Sepala ringentia, inaequalia, lateralibus a supremo valde distantibus, inter- 
vallo denticulato, basi invicem et cum pede columnae connatis intus 
barbatis. Petala O. Labellum cum pede columnae articulatum, incuni- 
bens, ovatum, trilobum, lamellis 4 parallelis in disco, lobis lateralibus 
antrorsum falcatis apice bidentatis. Columna basi longe producta, semi- 
teres, apice cornubus duobus minutis. Anthera cristata, unilocularis. 
Pollinia 4, in massam singulam cohaerentia. — Herba rhizomate crasso 
repente, pseudo-bulbos gerente. Folia solitaria, coriacea, avenia. Ra- 
cemi radicales multiflori. 

Note. This is the only known genus of Orchideae in which the petals 
are abortive. Nothing is found in their room, but there is a wide tooth- 
fctted interval between the upper and lower sepals. 

• Moxomekia barbata. Lindley in WalUeh. Cat. no. 1978. 
Hab. i n Napalia, Wallich. (hab. t. sp. e Museo Angl. Ind.) 
p 9eudo-bulbi ovati. Folia longissime petiolata, pedalia, erecta. Raceniua 


foliis brevior. Scapus pallidus, squamulis quibusdam, maculatus. Flores 
pallidi, purpureo-maculati. Labellum lutescens. Pes columnae dense 
purpureo punctata. 


Stenoglossum. Kunth in Humb. et Bonpl. Nov. gen. et sp. pi. 1.356. 

Sepala clausa : lateralibus cum basi columnae connatis, aequilateris. Petala 
minora. Labellum posticum, cum columna in urceolum connatum, 
limbo spatulato longe pedunculato. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 4, 
libera. — Herba epipbyta, caulescens. Caulis foliosus, simplex. Flores 
terminates, spicati, pedicellati, bracteati. 

Character ex Kunth. 

1. Stenoglossum coriophorum. Kunth. 

Stenoglossum coriophorum. Kunth I. c. t. 87. Synops. 1.340. 
Stenoglossum corynephorum. Spreng. syst. 3. 742. 

Hab. in Andibus Regni Novo-Granatensis, alt. 1080 hex. florens Novembri; 
Humboldt et Bonpland. 


Diglypkosa. Blume Bydr. 336. tabellen 60. 

Sepala erecta, subringentia. Petala latiora. Labellum concavum> in tuS 
membranaceo-cristatum, ungui columnae elastice adhaerens, ascendens; 
limbo indiviso patente. Columna superne incurva. Anthera convexa, 
antice" bifida, bilocularis. Pollinia 1, angulata, compressa. — Herba ter- 
restris ebulbis. Radices (Rhizoma) repentes, fibrosa?. Caulis teres, 
subcarnosus, apice monophyllus. Folium membranaceum, nervosum* 
elliptico-lanceolatum, glabrum. Pedunculus radicalis, basi vaginatus. 
spicato-multiflorus. Flores pedicellati, bracteati. 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Diglyvhosa latifolia. Blume I. c. 

Hab. in umbrosis montanis Meggamedong, insula; Java, florens April' i 


Mycaranthes. Blume Bijdr. p. 352. t. 57. 

Sepala clausa v. patentia, aequalia v. inaequalia, extils lanata, lateral^ 
pedi columnae adnatis sed nullo modo obliquis. Petala minora. &' 
bellum cum basi producta columnae articulatum, trilobum, cucullatutf' 
disco cristato v. appendicular. Columna nana, basi longe product* 
marginibus alatis introflexis. Anthera terminalis, bilocularis, locV& 
quadrilocellatis. Pollinia 8, parva, ovata. — Herbae in arboribus, v. J 
pibus crescentes, caulescentes. Folia carnosa, v. coriacea, non plic«* 
Racemi terminates multiflori. 

This genus differs from Eria in nothing but its dwarf column the mf 
gins of which are inflexed, and the want of obliquity in the lateral sep* 1 *' 
but as Us habit is peculiar I do not hesitate to adopt it. 


1. Mycabanthes oblitterata. Blume. 

M. " labelli lobo medio oblitterato, foliis subcoriaceis." Blume I. c. 

Hab. in sylvis montium Salak, Gede, &c. Java, florens Junio Septerabri j 

2. Mycabanthes latifolia. Blume. 

M. " labelli lobo medio abbreviato eroso, sepalis exterioribus versus apicem 
incrassatis foliis lato-linearibus subcarnosis." Blume I. c. t. 57- 

Hab. in sylvis obscurioribus montis Salak, Javee, florens Julio Augusto ; 

3. Mycabanthes lobata. Blume. 

M . " labelli lobo medio dilatato undulato sub-bilobo, foliis rigidis." Bl. I. c. 

Hab. in montosis Salak, Pantjar, Seribu, &c. Javee, florens per fere totum 
annum j Blume. 

4. Mycabanthes stricta. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1970. 

M. caulibus teretibus, spica secunda densa multiflora, labello scrotiformi 
per medium calloso, perianthio lanato clauso, columnar marginibus alatis 
introflexis, foliis 1-2 lineari-lanceolatis sessilibus. 

Octomeria secunda. Wallich. Mss. 
Eria stricta. Lindl. Coll. 

Hab. in Napalia supra arbores et rupes, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- 

Flores extus glauci, intus pallide ochroleuci. 


Dendrolirii pars. Blume. 

Sepala conniventia, subaequalia : lateralibus cum basi producta columns 
connatis. Petala minora conformia. Labellum integrum, carnosum, 
cum pede columnae articulatum. Columna nana, clinandrio alte im- 
merso : margine membranaceo subintegro. Anthera intra clinandrium 
inclusa, bilocularis j loculis obsolete 4-foveatis. Pollinia S, sphaerica, 
materie viscida cohaerentia. — Herbas caespitosas, epiphytal, pseudo-bul- 
bosae. Folia uon plicata. Scapi radicales. 

Obs. Character ad P. elegantem solam confectus ; species Blumianae ob 
habitum hue relatae. 

J. Phbeatia elegans. 

P. foliis linearibus coriaceis apice obliquis emarginatis, scapis gracilibus 

foliis longioribus subnutantibus, spicis multifloiis, labello ovato obtuso 

intus piloso. 
Hab. super arbores in sylvis montosis pagi Peradeniae, Zeylona', Macrae. 

(hab.s. sp. et ic. pict.) 
An Phr. laxiflora eadem ? 
&?pala conniventia acuta : lateralibus majoribus basi paululum v. vix ob- 

Hquisj contextu valde laxo cellulari. Petala conformia, paul6 minora, 

acuta. Labellum indivisum, basi productas columnae aflixum, ovatum, 

carnosum. Flores albi. 


2. Ph be ati a retusa. 

P. " bulbis ovato-globosis 2-3-phyllis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis oblique re- 

tusis subcarnosis, spicis brevibus densifloris." Blume. 
Dendrolirium r e tusu m . Blume p. 351. 

Hab. in altis montis Salak, Java, florens Julio Septembri j Blume. 
Planta pusilla. 

3. Phbeatia laxiflora. 

P. " foliis membranaceis linearibus apice inaquali-obtusis, spicis folio 
valde longioribus strictis laxifloris, labelli limbo dilatato concavo. 

Dendrolirium laxiflorurn. Blume p. 350. 

Hab. prope catarractas fluvii Tjapus ad montem Salak, Java, florens Sep- 
tembri Octobri 5 Blume. 

4. Pur eat i a densiflora. 

P. " foliis membranaceis lato-linearibus inaequali-obtusis, spicis elongate 
flexuosis densifloris, labello limbo ovato concavo." Blume. 

Dendrolirium densiflorum. Blume p. 350. 

Hab. prope catarractas fluvii Tjapus ad montem Salak, Java, florens Aft" 
gusto Novembri ; Blume. 

5. Phreatia pusilla. 

P. ** foliis membranaceis angusto-linearibus, spicis erectiusculis foW 
ajqualibus, labelli limbo rotundato patente.'' Blume. 

Dendrolirium pusillum. Blume p. 350. tab. 68. 

Hab. in montosis Pantjar Provincial Buitenzorg, Java, florens Junio Au- 
gusta; Blume. 

6. Phreatia secunda. 

P. " foliis carnosis angusto-linearibus, spicis nutantibus secundis fo" 0, 
subaiqualibus, labelli limbo rotundato patente." Blume. 

Dendrolirium secundum. Blume p. 350. 

Hab. in montosis Pantjar Provinciae Buitenzorg, Java, florens Junio A"* 
gusto; Blume. 

" Planta pusilla Dendrolirio pusillo affinis, sed characteribus indicatis sat 
diverea." Bl. 

7. Phreatia coriacea. 

P. " foliis coriaceis linearibus oblique retusis, spicis erectis folio longio f1 ' 

bus laxifloris, labelli limbo intus pubente dilatato concavo." Blume. 
Dendrolirium coriaceum. Blume p.3b\. 

Hab. in sylvis montis Salak, Java, florens Augusto ; Blume. 
Affinis P. laxi flora. 

malaxidejE. dendrobie^s. 65 


Erin. Lindl. in But. Reg. 904 — Dendrolirium. Blume Bijdr. p. 343. /. 69.— Pinalia. 
Lindl. orch. seel. n. 71. p. 23. c. ic. 

Sepala semipatentia, v. clausa, inaequalia, extus lanata v. glabra, lateralibus 
basi vakte obliquis cum pede columnae connatis calcar aemulantibus. 
Petala sepalo superiori aequalia v. minora. Labellum cum basi pro- 
ducta columnae articulatum, trilobum, rarb subintegrum, cucullatum, 
disco ealloso, v. cristate Columna basi longe producta. Anthera ter- 
minalis, bilocularis, loculis obsolete 4-locellatis. Pollinia 8, nunc om- 
ninb libera, nunc materie elastica glandulam mentiente cohaerentia. — 
Herbae in arboribus crescentes ; caulibus carnosis, vaginatis, cicatricibus 
foliorum notatis. Folia srepius plicata. Racemi simplices, erecti, brac- 
teis sajpius dilatatis. Flores nunc conspicui. 

This genus is essentially distinct from Octomeria, in having the lateral 
sepals very oblique and connected with the elongated base of a short co- 
lumn, of which the foot is much longer than the column itself; and also 
in habit. Eria is a genuine genus of Dendrobiese with the column 
incumbent upon the ovarium ; Octomeria on the contrary must be consi- 
dered, notwithstanding the slight elongation of the base of its column, to 
belong to the genera characterized by the column being continuous with 
the ovarium. In Octomeria the sepals are of equal size ; in Eria the lateral 
sepals are much larger than the upper one. 

1. Ebia paniculata. Lindl. I. c. no. 1971. 

E. foliis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis subtus glaucis, caulibus teretibus 
pendulis elongatis, racemis terminalibus aggregatis cylindraceis multi- 
floris, sepalis lanatis ovatis obtusis petalisque minoribus guttatis, labello 
trilobo basi apiceque calloso : lobis guttatis : intermedio truncato. 
Lindley in Wall. Plant. Asiat. Rar. vol. 1. p. 32. t. 36. 

Hab. in Pundua, India Orientalis, Wallvch. (v. s. sp. in herb. Anglo-Indico.) 

2. Eria flava. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1973. 

E. foliis lanceolatis distichis basi dilatatis, caulibus ovalibus, sepalis flense 
lanatis ovatis, petalis minoribus glabris, labelli trilobi lobo medio re- 
curvo crenulato apiculato, racemo erecto multifloro, bracteis ovato- 
lanceolatis ovarii longitudine. 

Eria pubescens. Lindl. in B. Reg. 904. 

"endrobium pubescens. Hook. Exot. Fl. t. 124. 

wtotnena flava. Wall. 

Octomeria pubescens. Spreng. syst. 4. 310. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 

Flores viridi-flavescentes odorati, labello postico. Bracteae membranaceae 

3 - E*u bicolor. 
• *° u w pluribus lanceolatis, caulibus elongatis attenuatis, sepalis petalis- 
que aequalibus glabris ovatis patentibus, labelli trilobi lobo medio ovato 
acuto, racemo stricto multifloro foliis breviore, bracteis lanceolatis ab- 
oreviatis, rachi pubescente. 
Ha *>. ad Maturatam, Zeylona, supra arbores, Macrae, (hab. s.sp. et ic. pict.) 
C * 0li 3 vaginis fuscis dense vestitus. Rachis roseo-purpurea. Flores can- 
*%> 1830. k 


didissimi. Pollinia non vidi. Labellum medio lineis tribus elevatis sed 
crista nulla. 

4. Eria flavescens. 

E. " bulbis oblongis subcylindraceis, apice 3-4-phyllis, foliis lanceolatis 
nervosis, spicis intrafoliaceis erectis stellato-pubentibus, bracteis cona- 
ceis margine revolutis, labelli limbo intus discoideo-viscoso : lobo medio 
ovato obtuso." Blume. 

Dendrolirium flavescens. Blume p. 344. t. 69. 

Hab. in cortice arborum ad montes Salak, Tjerimai, &c. Java, florens Maw 
Octobri; Blume. 

" Bracteae flavescentes." 

Huic et 5 sequentibus Labellum ungue columnae majus, intus callosum v. 
crispatum, limbo subtrilobo. Bracteae magnae coloratae. Flores speciosi 
rarius minuti. ex Blume. 

5. Ebia rugosa. 

E. " bulbis oblongis triquetris apice 1 -2 -phyllis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis 
nervosis, spicis erectis sepalisque exterioribus tenuiter fuseo-tomentosis> 
bracteis membranaceis, labello intus membranaceo-crispato, limbi lobo 
medio ovato acuto." Blume. 

Dendrolirium rugosum. Blume p. 345. 

Hab. in sylvis umbrosis montis Salak, Java, florens Septembri Octobri; 

6. Eria ornata. 

E. " bulbis ovalibus compressiusculis sub-3 -phyllis, foliis oblongo-lance- 
olatis rigidis nervosis, spica radicali vaginata sepalisque exterioribus 
fusco-tomentosis, bracteis coriaceis margine recurvis, labello intus cr»s* 
pato-cristato, limbi lobo medio acuminato." Blume. 

Dendrolirium ornatura. Blume p. 345. 

Hab. in sylvis altioribus Provinciarum Buitenzorg et Bantam, Java, florens 
Januario Martio j Blume. 

" Bracteae rubrae, demum aurantiacae. Species pulcherrima." 

7. Eria albido-tomentosa. 

E. " bulbis ovalibus compressis sub-3-phyllis, foliis lanceolatis rigi^f' 
spica subradicali sepalisque exterioribus albido-tomentosis, bracte* 
membranaceis, labello intus crispato, limbi lobo medio acuto." &0 

Dendrolirium albido-tomentosum. Blume p. 345. 

Hab. ad arbores in vallibus Lowong Salassie Provinciae Tjanjor, J at *' 
florens Junio Julio j Blume. 

8. Eria Hyacinthoides. 

E. " bulbis ovatis compressiusculis apice 2-phyllis, foliis lanceolatis W 
carinatis coriaceis nervosis, spicis lateralibus erectis sepalisque n«j* 
bracteis minutis, labello intus calloso verrucoso : limbi lobo medio <& 
tuso." Blume. 

Dendrolirium hyacinthoides. Blume p. 346. 

Hab. ad arborum truncos in declivitate occidental montis Salak, W 
florens Septembri j Blume. 

" Flores candidi." 


9. Eria bicristata. 

E. " bulbis oblongis subcylindraceis vaginatis apice sub-2-phyllis, foliis 
lineari-lanceolatis coriaceis ; spica laterali pauciflora sepalisque exterio- 
bus tenuissime" sericeo-tomentosis, bracteis minutis, labello intils lineis 
2 longitudinalibus hirsutis : limbi lobo medio incrassato." Blume. 

Dendrolirium bicristatum. Blume p. 346. 

Hab. in umbrosis montis Salak ad arbores Java, florens Januario j Blume. 

" Flores albidi, ad basin labelli dilute purpurei." 

10. Eria rosea. Lindley. 

E. foliis coriaceis oblongo-lanceolatis solitariis in pseudo-bulbis costatis 
ovatis, sepalis glabris carinatis petalisque oblongis obtusis, labelli trilobi 
ungue bicostato lamina tricostata, spica axillari pauciflora, bracteis fo- 
liaceis floribus longioribus. 

Eria rosea. Lindley in B. Reg. 978. 
Octomeria rosea. Spreng. syst. 4.310. 

Hab. in China, (v. v. cult.) 

Surculi juniores e squamis magnis viridibus distichis mox ad margines 
emarcidis et pseudo-bulbum formantibus. Flores albo-rosei. Labelli 
cristae luteo-aurantiacae. 

11. Eria stellata. Lindley. 

E. foliis lanceolatis carnosis 5-costatis, sepalis pubescentibus petalisque 
lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis, labelli tricostati lobis lateralibus obtusis 
intermedio acuminata, scapo elongato radicali multifloro ovarioque pube 
ferruginea lanatis. 

? Dendrobium javanicum. Swartz in act. Holm. 1800. p. 247. Willd. n. 23. 
Eria stellata. Lindl. in B. Reg. t. 904. 
Octomeria stellata. Spreng. syst. 4. 310. 

Hab Colitur in Hortis Angliae ex Java, ut aiunt. (v. v. cult.) 

12. Eria alba. 

E. foliis distichis basi vaginantibus plicatis, pseudo-bulbis ovatis cartila- 
gineis multicostatis, sepalis petalisque oblongis subaequalibus glabrius- 
culis, labelli trilobi medio tricallosi lobo intermedio ovato obtuso, 
racemis geminis terminalibus foliis aequalibus, bracteis subulatis. 

Octomeria alba. Wall. 

Hab. in monte Sheopore, Napalia, supra arbores crescens, Wallich. (hab. 
*. sp. communic. cl. Rudge.) 

Flores albi mellis odorem spirantes. Labellum flavescens lobis lateralibus 
apice .roseis j ex fVallichio. 

13. Eria excavata. Lindl. I. c. no. 197"4. 

E. foliis lanceolatis binis plicatis, caulibus oblongis obtusis sulcatis, sepalis 
basi pilosis petalisque oblongis obtusis, labelli trilobi tricarinati lobo 
medio emarginato, racemis lateralibus erectis foliis brevioribus, bracteis 
obovatis recurvis ovario multb brevioribus. 

Octomeria excavata. Wall. 

Hab. rarius supra arbores montis Sheopore, Napal'ue, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. 
e Museo Anglo-Indico.) 

Tota planta intense viridi-caerulca. Rachis rosea pubescens. Bractea 


pallide virides, striatse. Flores mediocres, (flavescentes, sepalis petalis- 
que tenuissime diaphanis, striis dilutissimis roseis notatis ex Wallichio). 
Labellum lobo medio olivaceo-purpureo. Columna teres stigmate alte 
excavato, labio superiore ovato, inferiore maximo porrecto 4-dentato. 

14. Ekia pumila. Lindl. I. c. no. 1972. 

E. foliis geminis lineari-lanceolatis plicatis caulibus teretibus erectis sub- 

aequalibus, sepalis petalisque acuminatis basi subpilosis, labelli trilobi 

ecallosi lobis lateralibus subulatis patentibus : intermedio ovato, spicis 

capitatis lateralibus subsessilibus. 
Hab. in Pundua, India Orientalis, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 
Ovarium pubescens. Sepala inferiora basi valde producta. Vaginae cau- 

lium latae membranaceae. 

15. Eria obesa. Lindl. I. c. no. 1976. 

E. foliis , caulibus crassis teretibus, sepalis petalisque obtusis sub- 

glabris, labelli trilobi ecallosi lobis lateralibus rotundatis : intermedio 
cuneato retuso, racemis paucifloris, bracteis lineari-lanceolatis pedicello 
capsularum longissimarum vix aequalibus. 

Hab. ad Attran Martabania, Wallich. (Jiab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 

Exemplaria quaedam vidi foliis destituta facie E. excavatae pumilae sed ex- 
cavationibus nullis. Pedunculi 3-4-flori, ovariis semimaturis value 
elongatis. Pollinia defuere. Species distincta, sed recognoscenda. 

16. Eria erecta. 

E."bulbis cauliformibus supeme compressiusculis, foliis lanceolatis acutis, 

spicis laxifloris oppositifoliis erecto-patentibus.'* Blume. 
Dendrolirium erectum. Blume p. 348. 

Hab. in montanis Gede et Salak, Java, florens Martio Septembri ; Blume. 
" Flores mediocres, odorati. Variat caulibus hinc planis inde teretibus, 

spicis folio duplo brevioribus, in altioribus Salak." Blume. 
Obs. Huic et speciebus tribus sequentibus labellum ungue columnar majus, 

infernfe processubus duobus inflexis instructum, pseudo-bulbi elongati. 

cylindracei, quasi cauliformes, infernfe vaginati apice foliis instructs 

spicae oppositifoliae, bracteae minutae, flores parvi ; ex Blume. 

17- Eria abbreviata. 

E. " bulbis cauliformibus teretibus, foliis lanceolatis acutis lucidis, spid s 

oppositifoliis brevissimis." Blume: 
Dendrolirium abbreviatum. Blume p. 348. 
Hab. in altis montis Salak, Java, florens Junio j Blume. 

18. Eria multiflora. 

E. " bulbis cauliformibus teretibus, foliis lineari-lanceolatis acutis, spic' s 
densifloris oppositifoliis nutantibus folio dimidio brevioribus." Blu* 1 *' 
Dendrolirium multiflorutn. Blume p. 349. 
Hab. in sylvis obscurioribus montis Salak, Java, florens Junio, &c. Blum e - 

1 9. Eria micrantba. 
E. " bulbis cauliformibus teretibus, foliis lineari-lanceolatis obtusiuscul* 

spicis densifloris oppositifoliis cernuis folio aequalibus." 


Dendroliriura micranthum. Blume p. 349. 

Hab. in sylvis obscurioribus montis Salak, Java, florens Junio ; Blume. 

" An varictas E. multiflorae, differt tantum foliis et floribus valde minori- 
bus." — An Phreatia ? 

20. Eria robusta. 

E. " bulbis compressis vaginatis apice 2-phyllis, foliis lato-linearibus ob- 
tusiusculis rigidissimis, spica inferne vaginata tomentosa longitudine 
foliorum." Blume. 

Dendroliriura robustum. Blume p. 347. 

Hab. in montanis Provinciarum Buitenzorg et Tjanjor supra arbores, Java, 
florens Junio Septembri ; Blume. 

" Flores flavescentes vel purpurascentes." 

Huic et 3 sequentibus labellum ungue columnar brevius, inferne cuculla- 
tum, limbo indiviso, bractere minute flores parvi, sepala in omnibus 
fere tomentosa, ex Blume. 

21. Eria ebulbis. 

E. " foliis geminatis linearibus obtusis rigidis basi fere ebulbis, spicis to- 
mentosis folio dimidio brevioribus." Blume. 

Dendrolirium ebulbe. Blume p. 34 7 . 

Hab. ad montem Salak, Java, florens Junio, &c. ; Blume. 

" Flores interne purpurascentes." 

22. Eria acuminata. 

E. " bulbis oblongis compressis 5-7 phyllis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis acu- 
minatissimis rigidis, spica subtomentosa longitudine foliorum." Blume. 

Dendrolirium acuminatum. Blume p. 347. /. 69. 

Hab. in altis montium Gede et Salak ad originem fluviorum supra arbores, 

Java, florens Maio Julio ; Blume. 
" Flores intus purpurei." 

23. Eria sulcata. 

E. " bulbis ovatis sulcatis sub-2 -phyllis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis coriaceis, 
spicis erectis superne sulcatis nudis folio longioribus." Blume. 

Dendrolirium sulcatum. Blume p. 347. 

Hab. in. sylvis humidis ad montem Gede, Java, florens Maio Junio; Blume. 

24. Eria appendiculata. 

E. " bulbis ovato-oblongis vaginatis 3-4-phyllis, foliis lanceolatis coriaceis 
obtusis, spica arachnoideo-toraentosa longitudine foliorum." Blume. 

Dendrolirium appendiculatum. Blume p. 352. t. 69. 

Hab. in arboribus et ad ripas montium Salak, Gede, Burangrang, &c. 
Java, florens Maio Septembri ; Blume. 

Generis valde dubii. Forte Vandea quaedam. 



Stigma prominens. Columna teres, clavata. Anthera dorsalis. Pollinia apice 

inaterie viscidd cohcerentia. 

I formerly thought that the characters by which the following species 
is distinguished were of sufficient importance to justify me in separating 
it from Eria as a particular genus, for which I accordingly adopted Dr. 
Hamilton's manuscript name of Pinalia. Subsequent experience has how- 
ever led me to doubt the value of these characters unconnected with other 
differences, and I have accordingly reduced the genus to a subgenus of 
Eria. I may however observe that the degree of developement of the 
viscid matter by which the pollen masses cohere is greater in Pinalia than 
in any other Malaxideous plant with which I am acquainted, and that it 
exhibits an instance of a near approach to the cartilaginous gland of 

25. Eria convallarioides. IAndl. I. c. no. 1975. 

E. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis distichis plicatis, caulibus compressis teretibus 
atriatis, sepalis petalisque ovatis insequalibus extus villosis, labello un- 
guiculato ovato apice tridentato, spicis axillaribus oblongis densissiuns 
pedunculatis foliis multo brevioribus, bracteis subulatis. 

Octomeria spicata. Don. Prodr. 31. 

Pinalia. J Audi. orch. seel. n.l\.p. 23. c. ic. 

Pinalia alba. Hamilton Mss. apud Don. Prodr. 

Octomeria convallarioides. Wallich in ic. Bibl. Anglo-Indicte n. 1141. 

Hab. supra arbores Napalus ad Toka, et alibi, florens Julio, Wallich. (hab. 

s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 
Flores albi densissimi, magnitudine fere Convallarias majalis inodori j ex 

Wallichio. Labellum posticum. Capsulae oblongse, utrinque obtusae, 



Aporum. Btume Bydr. p. 334. t. 39. 

Sepala carnosa erecta, lateralibus majoribus obliquis cum basi producta 
column pc connatis. Petala sepal o supremo minora. Labellum cum pede 
columnar articulatum, posticum, indivisum v. trilobum : limbo cristato 
calloso v. nudo. Columna semiteres, basi longe producta. Anthera 
sessilis, bilocularis, nunc apice membranacea. Pollinia 4, per paria col- 
lateralia. — Herbse epiphytae, caulescentes. Folia disticha, equitantia, 
ancipitia. Flores subsolitarii, e paleis membranaceis erumpentes, ssepius 
herbacei coloris. 

Different as the plants of this genus are from Dendrobium in appearance, 
it is impossible to distinguish them by characters derived from the fruc- 
tification} the distichous equitant leaves however offer an excellent mark 
of distinction. 

1. Aporum indivisum. Blume. 

A. foliis ovatis carnosis obtusis, noribus solitariis terminalibus, sepahs 
carnosis: lateralibus ovatis obtusis patentibus supremo petalisque mulw 
majoribus, labello postico oblongo cristato indiviso carnoso, caulibu* 

Aporum indivisum. Blume Bydr.p. 334. /. 39. Wall. Cat. no. 2018. 


Hab. in montibus Seribu, Java, florens Februario Julio ; Blume ; ad Sin- 
gapore, Wallich. (habeo s. sp. defloratum e Museo Anglo- Indico, et v. ic. pict.) 

Flores ex icone in Museo Anglo-Indico lutescentes extils obscure purpurei, 
quam A. ancipitis duplb majores. 

2. Aporum incrassatum. Blume. 

A. ** labelli limbo rotundato incrassato revoluto." Blume p. 334. 
Hab. ad montem Salak, Java, florens Octobri ; Blume. 

3. Aporum lobatum. Blume. 

A. " labelli limbo semitrifido, lobo medio rotundato crenulato." Blume 
Bijdr. p. 334. 

Hab. in montanis Provincial Buitenzorg, Java, florens toto anno j Blume. 

4. Aporum anceps. Lindl. I. c. no. 2020. 

A. foliis scalpelliformibus carnosis acutis, floribus solitariis geminisve, 
sepalis carnosis : lateralibus ovatis patentibus supremo petalisque multo 
majoribus, labello postico unguiculato ecalloso inappendiculato cuneato 
emarginato crenulato, caulibus pendulis. 

Dendrobium anceps. Swartz act. Holm. 1800. p. 246. 18. Bot. Reg. 1. 1239. 

Hab. in India Orientali supra arbores praesertim ad restuaria fluminum, 
Wallich. (v. v. cult, et habeo s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 

Flores virides, labello paululum colorato. 

5. Aporum Serra. Lindl. I. c. no. 2021. 

A. foliis scalpelliformibus acutis* carnosis, floribus ; caulibus 

basi tantum foliosis apice aphyllis teretibus subramosis floriferis. 

? Dendrobium acinaciforme. Roxb. Mas. 

■ Herba supplex quinta. Rump tons 6. /. 51./. 2. 

Hab. ad Singapore et Penang, Wallich. (habeo s. sp. defloratum e Museo Anglo- 

Flores, quos non vidi, e paleis membranaceis imbricatis brevissimis erum- 
punt ad partem aphyllam caulis dense fasciculatis. 

I suspect that the figure above quoted from Rumphius may possibly be 
intended for this. It is however too uncertain to be quoted with confi- 
dence. The leaves are much narrower than in A. Serra j and the flowers 
of the latter have not been seen by me. 


Oxystophyllum. Blume Bijdr.p. 335. /. 38. 

Sepala erecta, lateralibus majoribus obliquis cum basi producta columns 
connatis. Petala sepalo supremo subaequalia. Labellum cum pede 
columnae articulatum, indivisum : limbo carnoso, subtus tuberculato. 
Columna semiteres, basi longe producta, clinandrio marginato. Anthera 
denti dorsali columnae insidens, bilocularis, convexa. Pollinia 2 non 
partibilia. — Herbae epiphytae, caulescentes. Folia equitantia, ensiformia, 
basi vaginata, rigida v. carnosa. Flores subcapital, intra-foliacei, ses- 
siles, paleis cincti. 

Character ex icone et descriptione Blumii. 


I know this genus chiefly by Blume's figure and description. It seems 
to differ from Aporum in nothing but having two pollen masses instead of 
four, and in the presence of a tubercle below the tip of the lip on the under 
side. I have not been able to satisfy myself upon the first point, in exa- 
mining the flowers of Dr. Wallich's specimens of O. carnosum ; but I 
presume Dr. Blume's observations, made upon fresh flowers are accurate 
as to this. 

1. Oxystophyllum carnosum. Blume. 

O. foliis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis subfalcatis, racemis lateralibus pa- 
leis imbricatis distichis vaginatis, labello cuneato supra tomentoso : tu- 
berculo apicis minuto, petalis erosis. 

Herba supplex prima. Rumphiia 6. t. 50./". 2. 

O. carnosum. Blume I. c. t. 38. 

Aporum concinnum. Lindl. in Wallich. Cat. Herb. Ind. no. 2019. 

Hab. in sylvis montium Java, florens Julio, &c. Blume ; Amboyna, Rumph. 

Wallich. (habeo s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico.) 
Flores parvi coriacei. Sepala in sicco acuta, in vivo obtusiora (ex Blumn 

icone). Herba erecta, caespitosa, palmaris, caulibus simplicibus, ad 

basin usque foliosis. 

I originally considered this a species of Aporum, not having been able 
to procure any flowers 5 the examination of one or two withered blossoms 
has since enabled me to ascertain that it is the Oxystophyllum carnosum 
of Blume. Rumphius's figure is characteristic. 

2. Oxystophyllum rigidum. Blume. 

O. " foliis strictis coriaceis, labelli tuberculo obtuso." Blume p. 336. 
Hab. in sylvis montium Salak, Pantjar, &c. Java:, florens toto anno; Blume. 

3. Oxystophyllum excavatum. Blume. 

O. " foliis rectis subcoriaceis, labelli limbo intus excavato exttis convexo." 
Blume I. c. 

Hab. in sylvis altioribus montis Salak, Javce, florens Decembri ; Blume. 


Polystachya. Hooker Exot. Ft. 103. 

Sepala erecta, acuta : lateralibus majoribus cum basi producta columns 
connatis. Petala minora. Labellum sessile, cum basi producta co- 
lumnae articulatum, trilobum. Columna semiteres, brevis. Anthera 
bilocularis. Pollinia 4, collateralia, sequalia, per paria coharentia. — 
Herba? epiphytae caulescentes nunc pseudo-bulbosae. Folia leviter ner- 
vosa. Flores paniculati, parvi, alabastris trigonis. 
When I published the type of this genus in my Collectanea Botanica, in 
1821, 1 had seen only imperfect pollen masses j one lying in each cell of 
the anther. Subsequently Dr. Hooker, in founding the genus in his Exotic 
Flora, represented them adhering to a common pedicel and gland, 4 in num- 
ber, and not lying side by side, but upon each other. Finally M. AcbiU e 
Richard, in his account of the Mauritius Orchideous plants, states the 
number of pollen masses to be 2, without any stalk or gland. All these 
observations are however inaccurate, as I have recently satisfied myse" 


from an examination of good specimens sent from Ceylon by Mr. Macrae. 
The pollen masses are in reality 4 in number and lie loosely side by side, 
two in each cell of the anther. 

1. Polystachya luteola. Hooker. 

P. spica paniculata, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis multinerviis scapo breviori- 
bus, floribus ovariisque glabris. 

Epidendrum minutum. Aubl. 2.824. 

C'ranichis luteola. Swartz Fl. Lid. Occ. 3. 1433. 

Epidendrum parviflorum. Pavon. in Herb. Lambert. 

Dendrobium polystachyon. Swartz act. Holm. 1800. p. 247. Willd. no. 21. Thouars orch. 

Afr. t. 85. Lindl. Coll. Bot. t. . A. Rich. orch. Maur. 59. 
Polystachya luteola. Hooker Exot. Fl. t. 103. Spreng. I. c. 
Polystacbya Mauritiana. Spreng. syst. 3. 742. 

Hab. in Mexico, Pavon ; insulis Caribceis, Swartz ; Mauritio, Thouars ; Zey- 
lona, Macrae, (habeo s. sp. et v. v. cult.) 

Variat floribus luteo-viridibus (occidentalis) et luteo-purpureis (orientalis). 

2. Polystachya puberula. iAndley. 

P. spica paniculate thyrsiformi, foliis lanceolatis septem-nerviis scapo 
longioribus, floribus ovariisque pubescentibus, pseudo-bulbis ovatis. 
Lindley in Bot. Reg. t. 851. 

Hab. in Sierra. Leone, (v. v. cult.) 

3. Polystachya affinis. 

P. spica simplici cylindracea, foliis ovalibus versus basin attenuatis 9-ner- 
viis scapi longitudine, floribus ovariisque pilosis, pseudo-bulbis glabris 

Hab. in Sierra Leone, (habeo s. sp. ex Herb. Hort. Soc.) 

An P. puberulae varietas ? 

4. Polystachya fusiformis. Lindley. 

P. caulibus articulatis fusiformibus carnosis, foliis lineari-oblongis oblique 
emarginatis, paniculis terminalibus foliis brevioribus, floribus glabris. 

Dendrobium fusiforme. Thouars orch. Aft. t. 86. 
Polystachya fusiformis. Lindley in Bot. Reg. p. 85 1 . 

Hab. in Borbonia, Thouars. 

I refer this and the succeeding to Polystachya chiefly on account of their 
habit. It is however by no means clear to me what they really are. M. 
Du Petit Thouars figures 2 pollen masses, in this, and he, and M. Ach. 
Richard both find two in P. cultrata. There is also some peculiarity in 
the attachment of the pollen masses to the stigma which requires more 

5. Polystachya cultrata. Lindley. 

**• spica composite pauciflora, folio solitario basi auriculato oblongo cultri- 

formi, floribus ovariisque glabris. 
Dendrobium cultriforme ; Thouars orch. Afr. t. 87. Ach. Rich. orch. Maur. 59. 
Polystachya cultrata. Lindley in Bot. Reg. 851. 
Hab. in Mauritio, Thouars. 
Pollinia 2, ex Thouars et Ach. Rich. 

May, 1830. l 



Sepala conniventia subaequilonga : lateralibus cum basi elongata columnae 
connatis. Petala nana. Labellum ventricosum, integrum, cum margine 
pedis columnae connatum, intus append iculatum. Columna stigmate 
prominente apice membranaceo bilobo. Anthera bilocularis, dorsahs. 
Pollen ignotum. — Herbse epiphytae, caulibus pendulis teretibus distiche 
foliosis. Flores parvi, laterales et terminates, spicati, capsulis reflexis. 
A very remarkable genus nearly related to Dendrobium with which it 
agrees in habit, but from which the cohesion of the labellum with the 
margin of the column sufficiently distinguishes it. Its pollen is unknown. 

1. Metachilum cyathiferum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 2022. 
Hab. ad Singapore, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 
Caules penduli. Folia lineari-oblonga, apice oblique emarginata, disticha; 

vaginae laxae. Sepala lateralia carinata. Appendix disci labelli cyathi- 



Dendrobium. Swartz nov. act. Vps. 6. p. 82. /. 5./. 5. Brown Prodr. 1. 332.— Onycbium. 
Blume Bijdr. p. 323. 1. 1 0.— Pedilonum. lb. p. 320. t. 36.— Sarcostoma. lb. p. 339. '• 
45.— Desmotrichum. lb. p. 329. t. 35.— Grastidium. lb. p. 333.— Ceraia. Loureiro Ft- 
Cochinch.p. 518. 

Sepala membranacea, erectav. patentia, lateralibus majoribus obliquis cum 
basi producta columnae connatis. Petala sepalo supremo saepius majora, 
nunc minora, semper membranacea. Labellum cum pede column® ar- 
ticulatum v. connatum, semper sessile, indivisum v. trilobum, saepius 
membranaceum, nunc appendiculatum. Columna semiteres, basi longe 
producta. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 4, per paria collateralia.— ■ 
Herbae epiphytae, nunc caulescentes, nunc rhizomate repente pseudo- 
bulbifero. Folia plana, saepius venosa. Flores solitarii fasciculati, v. 
racemosi, speciosi. 

The most genuine form of Dendrobium is no doubt that of having cau- 
lescent stems with fascicles or racemes of membranous coloured flowers ; 
but there are insensible gradations from this into rhizomata having false- 
bulbs, and there are also species in which the flowers are by no means 
conspicuous and rather fleshy. From Bolbophyllum it is distinguished 
readily by its lip being always sessile, never unguiculate as in that genus, 
and also in the texture of the same part being almost always of nearly th e 
same consistence as the sepals, while in Bolbophyllum it is always re* 
markably fleshy. 

It appears to me that Blume's genera which I have here reduced t° 
Dendrobium, have no characters to distinguish them } unless Sarcosteffl* 
be kept apart on account of a slight peculiarity in its pollen masses the 
nature of which however I do not well understand. 

§ I. Rhizoma pseudo-bulbos gerens apice foliosos. Bolbophyllis proximo. 

1. Dendrobium amplum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 2001. 

D. rhizomate repente squamoso pseudo-bulbos ovatos squamosos diphyll^ 
gerente, foliis ovato-oblongis emarginatis petiolatis, floribus solitary 
longipedunculatis axillaribus e bracteis duabus oblongis petaloideis p"°" 


venientibus, sepalis ovatis acuminatis obtusis petalis angustioribus, la- 
bello sessili trilobo medio lamellato : lobis lateralibus abbreviatis rotun- 
datis, intermedio ovato crenulato acuto. 

Hab. in Pundua et Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. defloratum e Museo Anglo- 
Indico, et v. ic. pict.) 

Flores strauainei, intvis guttati, expansi 3 uncias lati : labellum cum basi 
dilatata columnoe articulatum, lamellis tribus in medio, quarum inter- 
media abbreviata ; lobo intermedio atropurpureo. Ovarium fere tres 
uncias longum, bractea ad basin solitaria ovata. Pedunculus vix unciam 
excedens bracteis 2 magnis foliaceis albis ex basi ortis tectus. 
This beautiful species approaches nearer to the genus Bolbophyllum 
than any with which I am acquainted. Its flowers are not exactly those 
of Dendrobium, the labellum being shaped differently from what is usual 
ui that genus. It is however comprehended within the definition I have 
given of it, and will by no means enter Bolbophyllum with which it is its 
habit chiefly that accords. 

2. Dendrobium muscicola. Lindl. I. c. no. 2017. 

D. pseudo-bulbis rotundis caespitosis induviatis, foliis binis petiolatis li- 
neari-lanceolatis v. sessilibus ovatis apice subemarginatis uncinatis, 
racemis terminalibus erectis 3-4-floris foliis longioribus, bracteis cuspi- 
datis florum longitudine, sepalis petalisque aequalibus membranaceis 
linearibus acuminatis conniventibus, labello lanceolato obtuso inte- 

? Dendrobium demissum. Don Prodr. 34. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. A. B. Lambert.) 

Planta pusilla 3 uncias vix excedens. Pseudo-bulbi parvi, rhizomate in- 
conspicuo. Folia primordialia ovata subsessilia ; terminalia persistentia 
lineari-lanceolata petiolata. Bracteae oblongae euspidatae membranaceo 
marginatae. Labellum sessile. 

3. Dendrobium Macreei. 

D. caulibus flexuosis moniliformibus pendulis pseudo-bulbos turbinatos 
monophyllos gerentibus, foliis oblongis obtusis sessilibus, floribus 2-3 
axillaribus fasciculatis subsessilibus, sepalis petalisque subaequalibus 
ovatis acutis, labello trilobo : lobo medio crenato plicato marginibus 

Hab. in Zeylona supra arbores in sylvis agri Peradeniae, florens Augusto, 

Macrae, (hab. s. sp. defloratum, et v. ic. pict.) 
Caules longi articulis brevibus Sertulariae ad instar. Pseudo-bulbi lutei 

teretes apice virides, fusco-striati. Flores albi, versus unguem labelli 

paululum lutescentes. 

This curious species has the habit of the next division, but is covered 
with clavate spurious bulbs, from the apex of which springs a solitary ob- 
long leaf, producing from its axilla 2 or 3 snow-white flowers. I only know 
the latter from Mr. Macrae's drawings. 

4 - Dendrobium braccatum. 

D. pseudo-bulbis sphaericis caespitosis depressis diphyllis, foliis ovatis sub- 
membranaceis, floribus solitariis foliis brevioribus, bractea magna peta- 
loidea ovato-subrotunda ad basin ovarii brevissimi, sepalis petalis 
labelloque ovalibus obtusis subaequalibus. 



Hab. in Zeylona supra saxa caespites densos formans, florens Noyembn, 

Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict. alabastra tantum junior a examinavi.) 
Herba pusilla 2-3-uncialis. Pseudo-bulbi fuliginosi lineis ab apice ad basin 
radiantibus notati, ovato-subrotundi, depressi. Flores albi. Bractea 
sanguineo-lineata. Labellum basi luteum lineis tribus sanguineis. Se- 
pala lateralia basi lutea vena unica sanguined. 

A beautiful little species, of which my description is chiefly taken from 
a drawing communicated by Mr. Macrae ; the specimens I received from 
him having been unfortunately in young bud only. The great petaloid 
bractea at the base of the very short ovarium characterizes the species 

5. Dendkobium angulatum. 

D. " bulbis (monophyllis) angulatis, foliis ovali-lanceolatis subemarginatis, 
floribus subsolitariis, labelli limbo dilatato setaceo-multifido." Blume 
p. 329. t. 35. sub Desmotricho. 

Hab. in sylvis altioribus montis Salak, Java, florens Augusto Octobn; 

6. Dendrobium fimbriatum. 

D. " bulbis (monophyllis) ovali-oblongis compressis, foliis oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis obtusiusculis, floribus subsolitariis, labelli limbo dilatato bifido 
plicato." Blume p. 329. sub Desmotricho. 

Hab. in sylvis humilioribus provinciarum occidentalium Java, florens 
Junio Septembri ; Blume. 

Variat in sylvis Nusse Kambangae insulae foliis latioribus, florens No- 
vembri ; Blume. 

7. Dendkobium comatum. 

D. ** bulbis (monophyllis) oblongis compressiusculis, foliis oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis emarginatis, floribus fasciculatis, labelli limbo comato." Blume 
p. 330. sub Desmotricho. 

Hab. in montanis circa Buitenzorg, Java, florens Septembri ; Blume. 

8. Dendrobium append iculatum. 

D. '* bulbis (monophyllis) linearibus compressis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis 
obtusiusculis, floribus fasciculatis, labelli limbo crispato appendiculo 
bifido instructo." Blume p. 330. sub Desmotricho. 

Hab. ad montem Pantjar, Java, florens Junio Augusto j Blume. 

9. Dendrobium angustifolium. 

D. " bulbis (monophyllis) oblongis pedicellatis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis 
retusis, floribus solitariis, labello intils discoideo-lineato, limbi lobo 
medio bifido." Blume p. 330. sub Desmotricho. 

Hab. in sylvis montis Salak, Java, florens Augusto ; Blume. 

Flores flavi. Bl. 

10. Dendrobium convexum. 

D. " bulbis (monophyllis) ovalibus, foliis ovali-lanceolatis emarginatis 
supra convexis infra concavis floribus solitariis, limbi lobo medio bi- 
fido." Blume p. 331. sub Desmotricho. 

Hab. in arbores ad pedem montis Salak, Java, florens Januario j Blume. 


11. Dendbobium grandiflorum. 

D. " bulbis (monophyllis) ovalibus, foliis ovalibus emarginatis planis, 
floribus solitariis, labello intus 3-cristato, limbi lobo medio bilobo un- 
dulate" Blume p. 331. sub Desmotricho. 

Hab. ad montem Salak prope Passir, Java, florens Julio Augusto ; Blume. 

12. Dendbobium pusillum. 

D. " bulbis (diphyllis) pedicellatis oblongis, foliis ovali-lanceolatis oblique 
retusis, floribus solitariis, labelli limbo undulato." Blume p. 331. t. 35. 
sub Desmotricho. 

Hab. ad littora Nusae Kambangse insulae Javce, florens Octobri Novembri ; 

13. Dendbobium triflorum. 

D. " bulbis (diphyllis) ovatis compressis senioribus tetragonis, foliis ovali- 
lanceolatis oblique retusis, racemo subtrifloro, labelli limbo ovato." 
Blume p. 331. sub Desmotricho. 

Hab. in sylvis Salak, Javce, florens Junio ; Blume. 

14. Dendbobium Cymbidioi'des. 

D. " bulbis (diphyllis) ovato-globosis pentagonis sub-2-phyllis, foliis 
lanceolatis retusis, racemo 3-7-floro, labello intus abrupt^ calloso-lineato, 
limbi lobo medio ovato-tumido." Blume p. 332. sub Desmotricho. 

Hab. in sylvis altioribus montium Gede et Salak, Javce, florens Aprili 
Augusto; Blume. 

' Sepala lineari-oblonga, obtusa, patentia, pallide flavescentia ; labellum 
superne utrinque lineis purpurascentibus et macula sulphurea notatum. 
Variat bulbis confertis et remotis, ut etiam longitudine foliorum." Blume. 

15. Dendbobium elongatum. 

*». ' bulbis (diphyllis) oblongis quadrangularibus 2-phyllis, foliis lanceo- 
latis retusis, racemo elongato multifloro, labello intus membranaceo- 
lineato, limbi lobis obtusis." Blume p. 332. sub Desmotricho. 

Hab. in sylvis altioribus montium Gede et Salak, Javce, florens Julio 
Augusto; Blume. 

Sepala lineari-acuminata, erecto-patentia, flavescentia ; labelli limbus 
semi-trilobus." Blume. 

16. Dendbobium geminatum. 

v- " bulbis (diphyllis) oblongis compressis subtetragonis 2-phyllis, foliis 
lanceolatis retusis, racemis subgeminatis paucifloris, labello intus lineo- 
lato, limbi lobo medio ovato acuto." Blume p. 332. sub Desmotricho. 

Hab in sylvis altioribus montium Gede et Salak, Javce, florens Augusto ; 

' Sepala acuminata, flavescentia; labellum versus basin purpurascens, 
umbo sulphureo." Bl. 

§ II. Caules undique foliosi, cylindracei, scepe penduli. 
•7. Dendbobium aureum. 

°« caulibus teretibus pendulis, internodiis abbreviatis, foliis lineari-ob- 
lo ngis apice obliquis emarginatis, floribus geminatis, sepalis ovatis 


obtusis, petalis undulatis obtusis sepalis majoribus, labello cucullato : 
limbo ovato obtuso undulato integerrimo intus pubescente. 

Hab. in Zeylona, supra arbores, in montem Nuera Ellia, florens Januario, 
Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et ic. pict.) 

Flores magni, aurei, ex Macrae odoratissimi. Labellum disco aurantiaco. 

18. Dendrobium biflorum. Swartz. 

D. caule tereti simplici, foliis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis planis, pedun- 
culis bifloris lateralibus e paleis erumpentibns, labello trifido acuminato. 

Epidendrum biflorum. Forst.l Prodr.n.'6\%. 

Dendrobium biflorum. Swartz. act. Holm. 1800. p. 246. Willd. no. \1 • 

Hab. in Societatis insulis, Forster ; Nav. Cook. (v. iconem Forsterianam in 

Bibliotheca Banksiana, et s. sp. sine Jloribus in Herb. Banksiano.) 
Obs. Flores e paleis corneis ex internodiis provenientibus erumpunt. 

19. Dendrobium macrostachyum. 

D. caulibus teretibus pendulis flagelliformibus, foliis ovato-lanceolatis sub- 
membranaceis, floribus ternatis racemum spurium formantibus, sepahs 
ovatis acutis, petalis lanceolatis sepalo supremo subaqualibus, labello 
cucullato venoso : limbo ovato obtuso ciiiato intus pubescente. 
Hab. supra arbores Zeylonce, florens Julio, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et ic. pict.) 
Flores virescentes quam D. cucullati multd minores. Sepala et petala 
apice violacea. Labellum apice viride, venis roseis pulcherrime pictum. 
From a dried specimen of this species communicated to me by Mr. 
Macrae I picked a small living shoot, which has since sprouted forth in 
the Garden of the Horticultural Society where it is now growing. 

20. Dendrobium heterocarpum. Wall. 

D. caulibus teretibus pendulis, foliis oblongis acutis planis, floribus genu* 
natis odoratis racemum spurium formantibus, sepalis lineari-oblongis 
acutis, petalis ovatis acutis sepalo supremo majoribus, labello unguicu- 
lato, limbo subpanduriformi holosericeo medio elongato acuminato piano. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (v. ic.pict. in Museo Anglo-Indico.) 

Flores dilutissime flavescentes, fragrantissimi (ex cl. Wallich). LabellutR 
luteum intus rubro obscuro pictum. Capsular ex Wallich carnosa?, i"" 
crassats, subclavatae, angulis crassissimis bilobis. 
Very near D. cucullatum from which it is distinguished by its pa* c 

yellow fragrant flowers, and the form of the labellum. 

21. Dendrobium amcenum. Wall. 

D. caulibus pendulis gracilibus nebulosis floriferis aphyllis, foliis lanceo- 
latis acutis, floribus geminatis racemum spurium formantibus long 6 
pedunculatis divaricatis, sepalis oblongis obtusis, petalis obtusis sepal 
supremo paulb majoribus, labelli cucullati limbo ovato obtuso crenulato 
leviter ciiiato : disco villoso. 

? Dendrobium aphyllum. Roxb. Mss. 

Hab. supra arbores in Napalia, florens Aprili Maio, Wallich. (v. ic. pict- ** 
Museo Anglo-Indico.) 

Planta florifera omnino aphylla, caulibus gracilibus nebulosis dignoscend*- 
Flores albi macula parva violacea ad apicem cujusvis segmenti. k*' 
bellum intus versus basin viridi-luteum. 


This lovely species is abundantly distinguished by its slender stems, 
leafless, and clouded with dusky brown when in blossom ; and also by its 
delicate white flowers, the tips of whose segments are remarkably blunt 
and tinged with delicate violet. 

Dr. Wallich remarks in his Mss. that its fragrance is exquisite, not un- 
like that of Olea fragrans. 

22. Dendrobium Pierardi. Roxb. 

D. caulibus pendulis glabris, foliis ovato-lanceolatis acutis, floribus gemi- 
natis racemum spurium formantibus, sepalis acuminatis membranaceis, 
petalis sepalo supremo majoribus acuminatis, labello cucullato dilatato 
subtruncato pubescente ciliato. 

Dendrobium cucullatum. R. Brown in Bot. Reg. t. 548. 

Dendrobium Pierardi. Roxb. ! Hort. Bens: Hooker Exotic Flora t. 9. Wall. Cat. no. 

Hab. in India Orientali calidiore, praesertim circa Chittagong et ad ostia 
Gangis, saepius Mangiferse adnascens, Roxb. Mss. (hab. s. e Museo Anglo- 
Indico, et v. v. cult.) 

Flores diaphani, dilute rosei, inodori. Labellum luteum, basi rubens, callo 
transverso supra unguem, lateribus purpureo-venosis. 

The flowers vary in size according to the health of the individual ; they 
also are occasionally seen with the sepals and petals more acuminate than 
usual. A variety with stems spotted with purple is known in our hot 

There can be no doubt that the plant figured in the Exotic Flora as D. 
Pierardi, that cultivated in the Botanic Garden at Calcutta under the same 
name, and the D. cucullatum of the Botanical Register, are all one and 
the same species. The latter exhibits D. Pierardi in the state in which it 
commonly appears in our stoves j but whether the flowers appear from 
among the leaves, or occupy the old leafless stems, depends not upon any 
specific difference, but upon the state of health of particular individuals. 

Dr. Roxburgh says that the leaves of his D. Pierardi are emarginate and 
the flowers yellow. It is not impossible that he has confounded D. Pie- 
rardi, D. transparens and D. heterocapum, all which, although slightly 
different, are undoubtedly distinct. 

23. Dendrobium transparens. Wallich. Cat. no. 2008. 

D. caulibus pendulis teretibus, foliis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis apice 
obliquis, floribus geminatis, sepalis acuminatis, petalis obtusis sepalo 
supremo majoribus, labello oblongo undulato ciliolato obtuso intus levis- 
sime pubescente. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. {hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 

Flores dilute rosei, labello concolore. 

Very like D. Pierardi, from which it is distinguished by its leaves being 

jonger and emarginate at the apex, by the petals being obtuse and the la- 

oeUum much less hairy, and pink not yellow. The stems are also far 

**• Dendrobium nobile. 

D. caulibus teretibus pendulis, foliis oblongis oblique em arginatis obtusis, 
floribus geminatis, sepalis ovalibus, petalis conformibus majoribus, la- 
bello subrotundo cucullato cordato. 


Hab. in China, Reeves, (v. ic. pict. sinens. in Bibl. Hort. Soc.) 

Flores maximi, speciosissimi, carnosi, albi, ad basin extus virescentes, 

apice purpurei. Labellum apice purpureum, basi intense sanguineum. 

Anthera purpurea. 

25. Dendrobium chrysanthum. Wall. Cat. no. 2012. 

D. caulibus teretibus pendulis, foliis contortis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis, 
floribus ternatis inter folia nascentibus, sepalis carnosis oblongis obtusis : 
venis extus tuberculatis, petalis obovatis retusis carnosis sepalo supremo 
latioribus, labello cucullato denticulato retuso obsolete trilobo. 

Dendrobium chrysanthum. Bot. Reg. 1299. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico, et v. v. cult.) 

Flores intense lutei carnosi, extus tuberculis crebris muniti ; petala tamen 
minus tuberculata. Labellum inttis macula atrosanguinea. 

26. Dendrobium longicornu. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1997- 

D. caulibus erectis hispidis flexuosis, foliis ovato-lanceolatis apice value 
obliquis, floribus fasciculatis v. solitariis terminalibus, bracteis ovatis 
acuminatis hispidis pedicello multb brevioribus, sepalis lateralibus in 
calcare longo acuminato connatis, petalis sepalo supremo conformibus, 
labello infundibulari cucullato integro dentato basi cum pede columns 
accreto. Lindley in Bot. Reg.fol. 1315. 
Hab. in Sylhet et Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico, et v. 

v. cult.) 
Caules erecti, pedales sesquipedalesve. Flores albi, If unciam, ab apice 
columnar ad apicem sepali supremi, longi. Labellum luteum extils al- 
bum, intils linea axili venisque multis croceis. Columna brevis, senu- 
teres, basi longissime producta j clinandrium dente postico acuto, late - 
ribus elevatis dentatis. Anthera subrotunda, antice lanuginosa. 
This remarkable species would be referable to Dr. Blume's Pedilonum 
if that genus were adopted. It has flowered in the Garden of the Horti- 
cultural Society, where I examined it. The structure of its stigma is highly 
curious, and unlike that of any other Orchideous plant with which I a© 
acquainted. That part which Richard calls the rostellum, and through 
which impregnation takes effect is a two-lipped process, the lower lip oI 
which is thick and abruptly truncate, the upper thinner, very irritable* 
inflected when the pollen is humid, but curving back with considerable 
elasticity if afterwards touched. The whole of the orifice of the stignaatic 
canal is choked up with a thick mucus. 

I am not sure that this remarkable oeconomy is not sufficient to co n * 
stitute a particular genus j but I am unwilling to make use of it, especially 
as it is an obscure character, unless it shall be found that a similar struc- 
ture exists in other species which can be combined with it. 

27. Dendrobium Sarcostoma. 

D. foliis linearibus subcarnosis basi vaginantibus, floribus terminalibn* 

Sarcostoma javanica. Blumep. 340. t. 45. 

Hab. in sylvis opacis montis Salak, Java, florens Julio Septembri ; Blum* 
" Herba parasitica, pusilla, subcaulescens. Folia pauca linearis, bast 

vaginantia, subcarnosa. Flores e paleis erumpentes, terminates, subso* 


litaria. Labellum unguiculatum, superne latius, concavum, gynostemio 
incumbens ; limbus subtrilobus, lobo medio carnoso. Gynostemium 
(columna) superne incrassatum, antice ad apicem rostello brevi in- 
structum. Anthera cristata, bilocularis. Massac pollinis 4, obovatse, 
per paria elastice cohserentes. Blume. 

28. Dendrobium gemellum. 

D. " foliis membranaceis lanceolatis acuminatis, pedunculis oppositifoliis 

subbifloris, limbo labelli acuminato." Blume. 
Pedilonum biflorum. Blume p. 322. 

Hab. locis humidis umbrosis montis Salak, Java, florens Maio ; Blume. 
Floris emarcidi fabricam accurate explorare non potuit indefessus Blume. 

29. Dendrobium secundum. Wallich. Cat. no. 1996. 

D. caulibus pendulis, foliis oblongis apice oblique" retusis, racemis latera- 
libus terminalibusque secundis, sepalis ovatis : lateralibus basi in cornu 
longum obtusum incurvum connatis, petalis supremo paulb minoribus, 
labello integerrimo acuto apice tumido. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1291. 

Pedilonum secundum. Blume p. 322. 

Hab. in Freti Malaccensis insula, Wallich ; circa Tjikao in montosis Javce, 
florens Junio Julio, Blume ; etiam in Sumatra, (v. v. cult, e Sumatra al- 
latum .- hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico ; et v. ic. pict. Wallichian.) 

Flores amoeni purpurei, Fumariae cujusdam facie, concolores, labelli apice 
aurantiaco. Pollen purpureum ! 

30. Dendrobium formosum. Roxb. 

D. caulibus teretibus pendulis pilosis, foliis distichis ovatis apice oblique 
emarginatis obtusis, racemo brevi terminali 4-5-floro, bracteis brevibus 
ovatis, (floribus maximis), sepalis oblongis acutis : lateralibus basi longe 
productis, petalis dupl5 latioribus acutis, labello obovato dilatato retuso 
cum basi columnae in calcar obtusum connato. Lindley in Wall. PI. As. 
Rar. no. 39. 

Dendrobium formosum. Roxb. Mas. Wall. Cat. no. 1998. 

Hab. in Silhet, Napalia, et Martabania, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- 

31. Dendrobium polyanthum. Wall. Cat. no. 2009. 

B. caulibus teretibus pendulis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis apice integris, 
racemis 3-4-floris lateralibus foliis brevioribus, sepalis lanceolatis : la- 
teralibus supremo subaequalibus, petalis majoribus oblongis undulatis 
obtusis, labello obovato cucullato ciliato, capsulis fusiformibus. 

Hab. in Moolmayne, Indue Orientalis, Wallich. (habeo s. sp. e Museo Anglo- 
Indico floribus delapsis.) 

Capsular teretes, angulis nullis, floribus non coronatae. 

3 2. Dendrobium bifarium. Wall. Cat. no. 2002. 

D. caulibus teretibus pendulis, foliis bifariis oblongis sessilibus nitidis 
apice bilobis obliquis, racemis subterminalibus brevibus multifloris, 
oracteis ovatis reflexis 

^ n Rraecum purpureum primum. Rumphiut 6. t. 49./. 2. 

Ha b. in Penang, Wallich, (hab. s. sp. defloratum e Museo Anglo-Indico.) 
Jlln e, 1830. m 



Flores non vidi. Capsular ovales 6-costatae, pisi magnitudine. 

The habit of this species is so peculiar that it is not likely to be con- 
founded with any other species. Its flowers have not been seen. The 
leaves of my dried specimens are glossy and beautifully marked with the 
longitudinal and transverse veins. The stems are as much as two feet 
long, while the leaves are only If inch long and | inch broad. 

33. Dendrobium vestitum. Wall. Cat. no. 2005. 

D. caulibus pendulis villis deciduis dense vestitis, foliis coriaceis lanceolatis 
apice obliquis obtusis integris supra sparse subtils densissimfe villosis, 
racemis elongatis multifloris flexuosis bracteis ovatis coriaceis persis- 
tentibus floribus capsulisque villosis, sepalis lateralibus in cornu obtuso 
porrecto connatis, petalis sepalo superiore minoribus. 
Hab. ad Singapore, Wallich. (habeo s. sp. defloratum e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 
Species valdfe singularis, superficie villosissima ab omnibus distincta. 
Florum ad apicem capsularum vestigia emarcida mutila tantum vuu. 
Folia adulta 6 uncias longa. 

34. Dendrobium ramosum. Lindl. I. c. no. 2003. 

D. caulibus pendulis gracilibus ramosis glabris, foliis lanceolatis acuminatis 
apice integerrimis, floribus subracemosis, bracteis membranaceis reflexis 
obtusis, sepalis lateralibus magnis in cornu elongatum rectum connatis, 
petalis minoribus, labello cucullato acuto crispo. 
Hab. in montibus Pundua, Wallich. (habeo s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 
Flores male conservatos et mutilos tantum vidi. Species D. Pierardi at- 
finis, distincta tamen habitu ramoso magis gracili, floribusque subrace* 
mosis nee geminis ternisve. Formam labelli et petalorum haud licui 

35. Dendrobium pulchellum. Roxb. 

D. caulibus teretibus pendulis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis subplicatis, race- 
mis lateralibus strictis multifloris, bracteis brevibus ovatis obtusis, sepal" 
ovatis acuminatis subcostatis, petalis oblongis obtusis tenuioribus et W* 
tioribus, labello unguiculato cochleariformi obtusissimo ciliato petaU 5 

Dendrobium pulchellum. Roxb. Mss. 

Hab. supra arbores et saxa in sylvis Sylhet, florens Maio Junio, Roxb. M* 
(v. ic. pict.) 

Sepala albida. Petala rosea. Labellum lutescens macula basi rubrO' 

36. Dendrobium moschatum. Wall. 

D. caulibus teretibus pendulis, foliis , raceflO' 5 

lateralibus laxis 6-floris, bracteis brevibus oblongis obtusis, sepalis o»* 
longis obtusis patentissimis petalisque oblongis retusis latioribus obsole* 
tessellatis, labello unguiculato cochleariformi obtusissimo extus villo 80 ' 

Dendrobium moschatum. Wall. Mss. Don Prodr. 34. 

Epidendrum moschatum. Hamilt. apud Symes. Emb. 3. 315. c. ic. 

Hab. in Pegu, Wallich. (v. ic. pict. in Mus. Anglo- Indico.) 

Flores speciosissimi diametro 2|-3 unciarum, amoene sed pallide aurantia c1 ' 
Labellum extus ejusdem coloris, intiis luteum basin versus utrinq 11 
maculis duabus amplis coccineis, venis quinque cristato-fimbriatis. 


This superb species flowers without its leaves in the Botanic Garden at 
Calcutta, in May. The blossoms exhale a faint smell resembling that of 
Rhubarb, as I learn from Dr. Wallich's Mss. 

37. f Dendrobium Calceolaria. Hooker. 

D. caulibus teretibus pendulis, foliis linearibus obtusis, racemis lateralibus 
laxis 5-floris, sepalis patentissimis petalisque oblongis obtusis latioribus 
venosis reticulars, labello unguiculato cochleariformi obtusissimo mar- 
gine abrupte inflexo pubescente. 

Dendrobium Calceolaria. Hooker. Ex. Fl. 184. 

Hab. in India Orientali, Hooker. 

Flores rosei, maguitudine D. moschati, versus columnam flavescentes. 
Labellum lutescens, intus maculis duabus amplis coccineis (venis nullis 
fimbriatis ex Hookero) ungue luteo. Columna et anthera atropurpurere, 
antice luteae. 

This species approaches very nearly to Dendrobium moschatum, with 
which however Dr. Hooker does not contrast it. It appears to differ in 
the characters I have pointed out, especially in the absence of the 5 crested 
veins that are found in the inside of the lip of D. moschatum, which Dr. 
Hooker would no doubt have both figured and described had they existed 
in his D. Calceolaria. 

Upon referring to Dr. Wallich's Mss. I find that his Dendrobium Cal- 
ceolus is the same as D. moschatum, and that he described it from Dr. 
Carey's Garden. It is therefore strongly to be suspected that this and 
D. moschatum are both the same. 

38. Dendrobium fimbriatum. Wall. Mss. 

D. caulibus teretibus pendulis, foliis ovato-lanceolatis, racemis lateralibus 
multifloris, sepalis oblongis undulatis patentissimis, petalis majoribus 
undulatis ciliatis, labello indiviso cucullato rotundato fimbriato, fimbriis 

Dendrobium fimbriatum. Hooker. Exot. Fl. 71. Wall. Cat. no. 2011. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico.) 

Flores intense aurei, in icone Hookeriano unicolores, salvis striis quibusdam 

versus basin aurantiacis j verosimiliter tamen basi sanguineo-maculati 

in spontanea planta. 

This species has in some respects the appearance of Dendrobium chry- 
santhum, from which however it is distinguishable both by its inflores- 
cence and by the different shape of its petals. 

39. Dendrobium auriferum. 

D- caulibus teretibus pendulis, foliis oblongis obtusis integris, racemis 
lateralibus horizontalibus clavatis foliorum longitudine, bracteis cucul- 
latis dense imbricatis, sepalis petalis labeUoque lineari-lanceolatis con- 
niventibus acuminatissimis. 
Hab. in China, Reeves, (v. ic. pict. sinens. in Bibl. Hort. Soc.) 
Flores aurei. Bracteae virides. Sepala lateralia basi parum dilatata. 

4( >. Dendrobium moniliforme. Swartz. 

D. caulibus erectis ramosis, internodiis tumidis, foliis oblongis oblique 
emarginatis obtusis, floribus geminatis foliis longioribus, sepalis petans- 


que oblongis acutis venosis, labello cucullato acuto conformi. Lindl 

in Bot. Reg.fol. 1314. 

Fu Ran. Kcempf. amoen. t. 865. 

Epidendrum moniliforme. Linn. sp. pi. 1352. 

Dendrobium moniliforme. Swartz act. Holm. 1800. p. 246. Willd. no. 19. 

Hab. in Japonice rupibus et arboribus. (v. ic. pict. v. cult, e China allatum.) 

The Epidendrum monile of Thunberg, which that writer says has acute 

leaves and white flowers, is a distinct species. See D. catenatum. 

41. Dendrobium catenatum. 

D. caulibus teretibus erectis : internodiis tumidis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis 

acutis, racemis lateralibus 4-5-floris, sepalis petalisque lanceolatis acu- 

minatis, labello oblongo tridentato. 
Epidendrum monile. Tkunb. Fl. Jap. 
Hab. in Japonia, Thunberg 5 in China, Reeves, (v. ic. pict. sinens. in Biol 

Hort. Soc.) 
Sepala viridia. Petala alba. Labellum disco fulvum sub apice tridentato 


42. Dendrobium denudans. Don. 

D. caulibus brevibus caespitosis erectis vaginis laxis foliorum vestitis, 
foliis oblongo-lanceolatis submembranaceis apice obliquis emarginatis, 
racemis lateralibus terminalibusque nutantibus multifloris, sepalis acu- 
minatis : lateralibus basi incurvis, petalis minoribus, labelli trilobi looo 
medio crenulato recurvo : lateralibus serratis. 
Dendrobium denudans. Don. Prodr. 34. Wall. Cat. no. 2014. 
Hab. in Napalia, JVallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-lndico, et v. ic. P&- 

Flores albi, virescentes. Labellum viride, concolor. 

This species is the most variable that I know in point of size. Some 
Dr. Wallich's specimens are not more than an inch and half high, w» 
two or three leaves and as many flowers on each individual, while otne 
are six or seven inches high, with numerous distichous leaves, and threeo 
four long nodding racemes, each consisting of eight or nine flowers. *■» 
species is always distinguishable by the loose membranous sheaths wnic 
clothe the stem when the leaves have fallen off. 

43. Dendrobium cuspidatum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 2015. 
D. caulibus brevibus erectis 3-5-phyllis, foliis lineari-oblongis apice obli- 
quis emarginatis, racemis terminalibus 3-4-floris foliis brevioribus* 
bracteis lineari-ovatis acutis, petalis sepalisque lineari-lanceolatis acu* 
minatis aequalibus : horum lateralibus basi incurvis cornu referentibus» 
labelli trilobi petalis duplo brevioris lobis lateralibus maxiuois erecu 8 
rotundatis integerrimis : intermedio ovato acuminato. 
Hab. in Tavoy, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. Museo Anglo-lndico.) 

This species resembles in many respects D. denudans, from which it ls 
abundantly distinguished by the loose sheaths of the fallen leaves not co- 
vering the stem, and by the peculiar form of the lip. My specimens a* 
from 3 to 4 inches high. The flowers appear to be white. 

44. Dendrobium barbatulum. Lindl. I. c. no. 2013. 

D. caulibus teretibus , foliis , racemis lateralibus terOM' 


nalibusque strictis multifloris, sepalis ovatis acuminatis, petalis obovatis 
acutis sepalo supremo majoribus, labello piano obovato obtuso apiculato 
integerrimo basi barbatulo. 

Hab. in India Orientali, Heyne. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 
Flores diaphani D. macrostachyi magnitudine. 

Very nearly related to D. pulchellum from which it is distinguished by 
the much smaller size of the flowers, and the form of the labellum. 

45. Dendrobium pygmaeum. Lindl. I. c. no. 1999. 

D. caulibus erectis csespitosis vaginis laxis foliorum vestitis, foliis lineari- 
lanceolatis, racemis suberectis terminalibus multifloris foliorum longi- 
tudine, rachi angulato, bracteis membranaceis acuminatis, sepalis infe- 
rioribus ovatis acuminatis ad basin cornu incurvo connatis : supremo 
petalisque lineari-spatulatis acutis, labello unguiculato cuneato integro: 
callis duobus longitudinalibus in disco ; margine anteriore carnoso crispo 
plicato lobo intermedio ovato. 

? Dendrobium pusillum. Don. Prodr. 35. 

Hab. ad Prome, Martabanice, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 

Herba 2-3-pollicaris, verosimiliter caespitosa. Pseudo-bulbi nulli. Ita- 
cemi erecti v. cernui. D. denudanti affinis, sed labelli Iatera nullo 
modo serrata, et figura diversa. 

46. Dendrobium linguae forme. Swartz. 

D. caulibus teretibus repentibus, foliis sessilibus obovatis alte trisulcatis, 
racemis erectis multifloris, sepalis petalisque linearibus acuminatissimis, 
labelli abbreviati lobo medio undulato tricarinato. 

Dendrobium linguaeforme. Swartz act. Holm. 1800. p. 247. Smith Exot. Dot. t. 11. 
Willd. n. 24. R. Brown Prodr. 333. 

Hab. in insulis maris Pacifici ; Nova Hollandia, Banks, R. Brown, (v. s. sp. 

in Herb. Banks.) 
Flores pallide flavi. Labellum cristis luteis, lobis lateralibus caeruleis. 

47. Dendrobium rigidum. R. Brown. 

D. " caulibus repentibus, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis carnosis longi- 
tudine racemi pauciflori patuli, perianthii foliolis oblongis acutiusculis 
aquantibus labellum lamina oblonga obtusa." Brown Prodr. 333. 

Hab. in N. Hollandia tropica ; R. Brown. 

48. Dendrobium flavescens. 

D- " ebulbe, foliis paucis lineari-lanceolatis obtusis basi canaliculatis, flo- 
ribus alternis subspicatis terminalibus pubentibus, labello intus pubes- 
c ente, limbo emarginato plicato." Blume. 

Onychium flavescens. Blume p. 325. 

H ab. in montosis Salak et Seribu, Java, florens Martio Octobri ; Blume. 

Flores parvi, fl av i. Bl. 

4 9- Dendrobium nudum. 

D - " foliis lineari-lanceolatis inaequali-acuminatis membranaceis, racemis 
paucifloris, sepalis interioribus lanceolatis dorsali angustioribus." Blume. 
Onychium nudum. Blume p. 325. 
Ha °. in altis montis Salak, Java, florens Maio Junio j Blume. 


" Caules articulati, supeme flexuosi ; flores dilute purpurascentes, demum 
flavescentes ; labellum ad basin unguiculo praeditum." Bl. 

50. Dendrobium mutabile. 

D. " foliis lineari-lanceolatis obtusis oblique retusis membranaceis. 

Onychium mutabile. Blume p. 324. 

Hab. in montosis Java, florens Septembri Octobri ; Blume. 

Flores dense racemosi dilute rosei, labello glandulis tribus sulphureis 'or- 
nate*. Gynostemium antice pubescens. Petala sepalo supremo latiora. 
Labellum inferne unguiculo libera instructum. Bl. 

51. Dendrobium rigidum. 

D. " foliis lato-lanceolatis oblique retusis rigidis." Blume. 
Onychium rigidum. Blume p. 324. 

Hab. in montosis Java, florens Septembri, &c. Blume. 
" Flores albidi, labello glandulis tribus flavescentibus instructo ; forsan 
varietas pra?cedentis (D. mutabilis) sed firmitate partium discrepat." Bl 

52. Dendrobium erosum. 

D. " foliis subcoriaceis lanceolatis obtusis, racemis brevibus oppositifohis 
subterminalibusve, sepalis obtusis, dorsali interioribus latiore, labelli 
limbo rotundato concavo eroso." Blume. 

Pcdilonum erosum. Blume p. 323. 

Hab. in sylvis altioribus Salak, Java, florens Junio j. Blume. 

53. Dendrobium hymenophyllum. 

D. " foliis membranaceis lanceolatis inaequali-acuminatis, pedicellis brevi- 
bus, sepalo dorsali interioribus obtusis sequali, sacco calcariformi l° n " 
gissimo, limbo labelli undulato." Blume. 

Pcdilonum undulatum. Blume p. 322. t. 36. 

Hab. in sylvis Salak, Javce, florens Junio ; Blume. 

Sepala purpurascentia j labellum flavum. Bl. 

54. Dendrobium villosulum. Wall. Cat. no. 2006. 

D. caulibus flagelliformibus longissimis pube decidua hispidis, foliis ovato- 

lanceolatis apice oblique bilobis rectis, floribus 

Hab. in Penang, Wallich. (habeo s. sp. sine floribus e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 
Frustula tantum vidi. Species valde" distincta sed recognoscenda. 

55. Dendrobium acuminatissimum. 

D. " foliis membranaceis linearibus sepalisque acuminatissimis." Blum* 

Grastidium acuminatissimum. Blume p. 335. 

Hab. in convallibus montis Salak supra arbores, Java, florens Maio Junio; 

Flores virescentes. Bl. 

56. Dendrobium salaccensc. 

D. " foliis membranaceis lineari-lanceolatis oblique retusis, sepalis acutfo 
labello obtuso intus 1-lineato." Blume. 


Grastidlum salaccense. Blume p. 333. 

Hab. in sylvis altioribus montis Salak, Java, florens Augusto Decembri ; 

Flores lutei. Bl. 

57. Dendrobium rugosum. 

D. " foliis subcoriaceis lanceolatis apice emarginatis, sepalis et labelli 

limbo acuniinatis, labello intils membranaceo-rugoso." Blume. 
Grastidium rugosum. Blume p. 333. 

Hab. in sylvis altioribus montis Salak, Javce, florens Februario j Blume. 
Flores flavi. Bl. 

58. Dendrobium Kuhlii. 

D. " foliis submembranaceis lanceolatis apice inaequali-obtusis, sepalo 
dorsali interioribus lato-lanceolatis latiori, labelli limbo spatulato acuto." 

Pedilonum Kuhlii. Blume p. 321. 

Hab. in montibus altioribus provinciarum occidentalium Java, florens 
Maio Julio j Blume. 

Flores pallide" purpurascentes. Bl. 

59. Dendrobium Hasseltii. 

D. " foliis rigidis lanceolatis profunde oblique emarginatis, sepalo dorsali 
interioribus lato-lanceolatis sequali, labelli limbo lineari-acuto." Blume. 

Pedilonum Hasseltii. Blume p. 321. 

Hab. ad montem Pangoerangoe ad truncos arborum, Javce, florens Maio 
Junioj Blume. 

Flores profunde purpurascentes. BL 

60. Dendrobium aemuluin. R. Br. 

D. " caulibus erectis apice 2-3-phyllis, foliis ovali-oblongis integerrimis 
racemo terminali multifloro brevioribus, perianthii foliolis linearibus, 
labello infra divisuram carina triplici j lobo intermedio semiovato acu- 
tiusculo unicarinato." Brown. 

Dendrobium semulum. Br. Prodr. 333. Hooker in Bot. Mag. 2906. 

Hab. ad Portum Jackson, Novce HollandUe ; R. Brown. 

Flores ex icone Hookeriano albidi labello rubroguttato. 

61. Dendrobium speciosum. 

D - caulibus erectis, apice 2-3-phyllis, foliis ovali-oblongis integerrimis 
racemo terminali multifloro brevioribus, perianthii foliolis angusto- 
°blongis, labello infra divisuram carina unica ; lobo intermedio latiore 
quam longo ecarinato." Brown Prodr. 332. 

Dendrobium speciosum. Exot. Bot. t. 10. 

Hab. in Nova Hollandia tropica, etiam ad Portum Jackson, (u. s. sp.) 

6 2. Dendrobium undulatum. R. Br. 

D - " foliis bifariis ovali-oblongis emarginatis, racemis oppositifoliis lon- 
&>ssimis, labello intus 5-carinato, lobo intermedio oblongo foliolisque 
"Jterioribus perianthii undulatis." Brown Prodr. 332. 


Hab. in N. Holl. tropica; R. Brown; Bustard's Bay, Bay of Inlets, Cape 
Grafton, &c. Banks, (v. s. sp. in Herb. Banks, et habeoflores comm. a celeb. 

Note. The figures of Rumphius 

Vol. 6. t. 47. f. 1 

t. 50. f. 1. 

■- t. 51. f. 1. 

belong to this section — but to species with which I am unacquainted. 

§ III. Caules undique foliosi, basi incrassati. 

63. Dendrobium crumenatum. Swartz. 

D. caulibus crespitosis erectis basi incrassatis teretibus, foliis ovato-ob- 
longis obtusis emarginatis, racemo terminali 3-5-floro, sepalis petalis- 
que ovatis acuminatis subundulatis conformibus, labello cucullato undu- 
lato acuminate 

Angraecum crumenatum. Rumph. 6. t. 47 .f. 2. 

Dendrobium crumenatum. Swartz. Wilid. no. 20. Lindl, in Hort. Trans. 7. p- 70. 

Onychium crumenatum. Blume p. 326. 

Hab. supra arbores, Java, Blume; Sumatra, Raffles; Penang, fVallich- 

(v. v. cult.) 
Flores albi, odorati, apicibus roseis, labelli disco luteo. 
Variat floribus albidis et lilaceis, etiam foliis ovalibus v. oblongis retusis 

crassioribus ; Bl. 

64. Dendrobium angulatum. Wall. Cat. no. 201O. 

D. caulibus gracilibus subramosis basi fusiformibus carnosis glaberrinai»> 
foliis linearibus basi latioribus apice emarginatis obliquis, floribus e 
gemma paleacea exortis solitariis • •••• 

Hab. ad Attran, Martabania, Wallieh. (habeo s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indicofer 

Florem unicum mutilum tantum vidi, magnitudine et facie Apori ancipitif- 
Sepala lateralia cseteris multb majora. Petala sepalo supremo verosi- 
militer paulb minora. Folia minora. 

65. Dendrobium Blumii. 

D. " foliis lineari-lanceolatis oblique^ retusis, floribus subterminalibus p^- 
leis cinctis, labello intus disco supernS tricuspidato instructo, limbiloW' 
medio abbreviato fimbriato-bifido." Blume. 

Onychium fimbriatum. Blume p. 325. 

Hab. in sylvis montis Pantjar, Javce, florens Junio ; Blume. 

Caules compressi ad basin bulbo dilatato-tetragono instructi. BL 

66. Dendrobium tricuspe. 

D. " foliis lineari-lanceolatis obtusiusculis, floribus terminalibus pal** 
cinctis, labello intils disco superne tricuspidato instructo, limbo lo" 
medio rotundato integerrimo." Blume. 

Onychium tricuspe. Blume p. 326. 

Hab. ad arbores in sylvis montis Salak, Java, florens Octobri; Blume. 

" Caules compressi, supra basin bulbo compresso instructi. Accedit p r *" 
cedenti (Onychio suo fimbriato) cui differt limbo labelli integerrimo." fl ' 


67. Dendrobium lamellatum. 

D. " foliis lato-lanceolatis in bulbis compressis vaginantibus, pedunculis 
confertis paucifloris ex apice bulborum erumpentibus, labelli limbo un- 
dulato, ungue gynostemii appendice lamellato instructo." Blume. 

Onychium lamellatum. Blume Bijd. 326. t. 10. 

Hab. prope Passir Ipis in Provincia Buitenzorg, Java, florens Junio Au- 
gusto j Blume. 

68. Dendrobium tetraedre. 

D. " foliis linearibus emarginatis membranaceis (parvis), floribus oppositi- 
foliis alternis, labelli limbo undulato, caule tetraedri." Blume. 

Onychium tetraedre. Blume p. 327. 

Hab. in sylvis altioribus montis Salak, Java, florens Junio j Blume. 

" Planta parva ; bulbi fusini. Flores albido-purpurascentes, labello in- 
ferne unguiculo instructo, limbo semitrilobo." Bl. 

69. Dendrobium connatum. 

D. " foliis membranaceis ovali-oblongis, retusis, floribus oppositifoliis so- 
litariis, labello inferne cum ungue gynostemii connato intus verrucoso, 
limbo rotundato." Blume. 

Onychium connatum. Blume p. 328. 

Hab. ad pedem montis Salak, Java, florens Septembri Octobri ; Blume. 

' Caules incrassati, quasi articulati, foliis bifariis verticalibus. Flores 
albido-virescentes." Blume. 

70. Dendrobium japonicum. 

D. " foliis lineari-lanceolatis obtusiusculis, floribus subterminalibus al- 
ternis, pedicellis basi incrassatis, labello intus pubescente, limbo ovato 
acuto." Blume. 

Onychium japonicum. Blume p. 328. 

Hab. in hortis Javae ex Japonia allatum ; Blume. 

' Caules ebulbi sed supra basin incrassati, teretiusculi, articulati -, flores 
"liacei, odorati j labellum basi ad marginem subciliatura, intus pube- 
scens, basi non appendiculatum ; unguis gynostemii latus, concavus." 

7». Dendrobium Ceraia. 

Ceraia simplicissima. Lour. Fl. Cochinch. p. 5 1 8. 

Hab. in sylvis Cochinchina et China, rupibus et arboribus inhaerens, Lou- 

r *ro. (v. s. sp. in Herb. Banks.) 
In Herbario Banksiano adest exemplar ab ipso Loureiro, nomine Kerantlii 

'"signitum, quod procul dubio Ceraiae ejus simplicissima; pertinet. Uni- 

c um folium habet parvum lineare, sed flores nullos j esse autem Den- 

"robium quoddam D. crumenato valde affine nihil dubito. Caules 

palmares basi tumidi fusiformes. 

N °te. The figures of Rumphius 

Vol. 6. t. 44. f. 1. 

t. 45. f. 1. 

k_, t. 46. f. 2. 

* lon g to this section, but to species with which I am unacquainted. 

Ju °e. 1830. N 


§ IV. Caules undique foliosi versus apicem sensim incrassati, unde clavatijiunt. 

This section, and the preceding one also, represent the stem of Den- 
drobium passing towards the pseudo-bulbous state of Bolbophyllum. 

72. Dendrobium densiflorum. Wall. Cat. no. 2000. 

D. caulibus articulatis clavatis pendulis apice foliosis, foliis oblongis 
acutis nervosis, racemis lateralibus multifloris foliis longioribus : junio- 
ribus strobiliformibus, bracteis oblongis plicatis recurvis pedicellis 
longioribus, sepalis patentissimis ovatis obtusis, petalis conformibus 
majoribus, labello majore rhomboideo unguiculato serrulato retuso. 
Lindl. in Wall. PI. As. Rar. no. 40. 

Epidendrum Dumunsuttu. Buchan, in Herb. Smith. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. defloratum e Museo Anglo-Indico, v. te- 
pid, et 8. sp. in Herb. Smith.) 

73. Dendrobium nutans. 

D. caulibus articulatis subclavatis hispidis apice foliosis, foliis ovato- 
lanceolatis apice valde oblique^ uncinato-bilobis, pedunculis subtennina- 
libus bifloris foliis brevioribus, bracteis minimis, petalis sepansque 
lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis aequalibus membranaceis, labello confornu 
carnoso crenulato indiviso, capsulis oblongis nutantibus. 

Hab. in collibus Peradeniae, Zeylonee, supra arbores, florens Novembft 
Macrae, (habeo s. sp. et vidi iconem pictam.) 

Caules pedales v. sesquipedales, subflexuosi. Folia in genere par* a > 
subths minutissime hispidiuscula. Flores albi, subvirescentes, labels 
luteo. Capsular oblongae, angulis depressis, sterilibus vittaefonnibu 5 

74. Dendrobium bicolor. 

D. caulibus erectis elongatis subclavatis apice foliosis, foliis kne^ 
latis acutis, racemo brevi erecto terminali v. subterminali 3-4-8° 
foliis multb breviore, bracteis oblongis obtusis petaloideis venosis, W. 
talis sepalisque oblongis obtusis aequalibus, labello trilobo obtuso : 1° 
lateralibus erectis rotundatis. 

Hab. in Monte Nuera Ellia, Zeylonce, supra arbores crescens, Augu 5 
florens, Macrae, {hab. s. sp. defloratum, et vidi iconem pict.) 

Bractese magna? oblongae petaloideae venosae bicolores, apice virides «*■ 
fusco rubrae. Flores albidi. 

75. Dendrobium Heyneanum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 1995. 

D. caulibus erectis flexuosis clavatis vaginis laxis foliorum vestitis, »° , 
lineari-lanceolatis acutis, racemis axillaribus patentissimis multifl or f 
bracteis minimis ovatis, sepalis petalisque ovato-lanceolatis acutU*£ 
aequalibus, labello trilobo cum basi columnae connato, callo longitud^ 
in disco : lobis lateralibus acutis intermedio subrotundo carnoso in 01 *' 

Hab. in India Orientals Heyne. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico.) 

Racemi pedunculati multiflori patentissimi una cum-figura labelli spe^ 


§ V. Folia teretia, subulata, v. semicylindracea. 

76. Dendrobium crispatum. Swartz. 

D. caule ramoso virgato tereti, foliis cylindraceis filiformibus subincurvis, 
racemis lateralibus simplicibus, labelli lobo medio revoluto undulato 

Epidendrum crispatum. Forst..' Prodr.n. 315. 

Dendrobium crispatum. Swartz. act. Holm. 1800. p. 247. Willd.n. 22- 

Hab. in Societatis insults, Banks, (v. iconem Forsterianam in Bibliotheca Bank- 
siana, et s. sp. in Herb. Banks.) 

Caulis articulatus, rigidus, laevigatas, graminis cujusdam ad instar. Folia 
teretia. Racemus terminalis. 

77. Dendrobium eanaliculatum. R. Brown. 

D. " caulibus erectis abbreviatis bulbiformibus apice subtriphyllis, foliis 
semicylindraeeis canaliculatis acutis carnosis, scapo terminali, racemo 
multifloro, perianthii foliolis oblongis, labelli lobis lateralibus oblongis ; 
intermedio subrotundo acuto disco 3-lamelloso." Brown Prodr. 333. 

Hab. in N. Hollandia tropica ; R. Brown. 

78. Dendkobium teretifolium. R. Brown. 

D. ** caulibus repentibus, foliis filiformibus teretibus, periantbii foliolis 
elongato-linearibus apice angustatis, labello tricarinato ; lobo intermedio 
lineari-lanceolato acuminato crispato." Brown Prodr. 333. 

Hab. ad Portum Jackson, N. Hollandia!; R. Brown. 

79. Dendrobium tenellum. 

D. * foliis lineari-subulatis, floribus subterminalibus solitariis alternis, 

labelli limbo emarginato." Blume. 
Onychium tenellum. Blume p. 327. 

Hab. in arboribus circa catarractas calidas ad montem Gede, Java, florens 
Maio; Blume. 

" Bulbi ovales, sulcati j flores albidi, sepalis acutis ; labellum intus striis 
purpurascentibus notatum." BL 

W. Dendrobium gracile. 

D - " foliis lineari-subulatis, floribus alternis solitariis geminisve, labelli 

limbo obtuso." Blume. 
Onychium gracile. Blume p. 327. 

Hab. in altioribus montis Gede, Java:, florens Aprili j Blume. 
" Bulbi ovales j flores nutantes, lilacini, sepalis obtusiusculis." BL 

W. Dendrobium subulatum. 

D - " foliis subcarnosis subulatis teretibus, pedicellis alternis subspicato- 

tenninalibus, labelli limbo undulato emarginato." Blume. 
Onychium subulatum. Blume p. 328. 

Hab - iocis humilioribus ad arbores Java, florens toto anno ; Blume. 
c aul es ebulbi. Flores flavido-purpurascentes. Bl. 


* Species defectu exemplarium et ob descrip Hones mancas valde dubia-~ 
omnes recognoscendte. 

82. ? Dendrobium carinatum. Willd. 

D. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis compressis articulatis, scapis ramosis. Wwt 

no. 7. 

Bontia luzonica. Petiv. gazoph. t. 44./. 10. 
Epidendrum carinatum. Linn. sp. pi. 1350. 

Hab. in insulis Luzonum. 

83. ? Dendrobium paniculatum. Swartz. 

D. " caule inferne vestito foliis oblongis obtusis emarginatis, superne an- 

cipiti-vaginato, spiculis filiformibus paniculatis contiguis." Swartz. 
Dendrobium paniculatum. Swartz. Pers. syn. p. 523. 
Hab. in Sierra Leone. 

84. ? Dendrobium roseum. Swartz. 

D. " caule aphyllo erecto vaginis membranaceis ovato-lanceolatis vestito, 
racemo terminali, floribus deltoideo-conicis, labello spatulato crenulato. 
Dendrobium roseum. Swartz. Pers. syn. p. 523. 
Hab. in Sierra Leone. 

This very difficult and extensive genus, stands still in great need o 
reformation : particularly in the arrangement of the species. I am ac- 
quainted with several more than are here mentioned, but I am unwilling 
to introduce them without better materials. 


I cannot conclude my account of the tribe of Orchideous plants with 
waxy pollen-masses destitute of glands and other secreting apparatus, 
without adverting to the genus Angraecum. I adopted this genus, some 
years since, from M. Du Petit Thouars, and published it in my Collectanea 
Botanica, t. 15. referring to it a plant, A. maculatum, found equally in 
Brazil and on the West coast of Africa, and now very common in the hot- 
houses of England. I described the pollen masses of this plant as desti- 
tute of a gland, and my drawing was in conformity with that description. 
I subsequently examined an imperfect living specimen of a Sierra Leone 
plant which I believe to be the Limodorum luridum of Afzelius, and which 
is in all probability also an Angraecum, and I took the pollen masses to be 
be as I had before seen them in my Angr. maculatum, that is to say des- 
titute of a gland. In a memoir upon the Orchideous plants of the Mau- 
ritius and neighbouring islands, published in 1828, M. Achille Richard, 
who has examined specimens of several of Du Petit Thouars 's Angrae- 
( cums, expressly declares that in all these there is no gland, he says he has 
not seen any thing like caudicula (which is never found without a gland) 
in any one of them. Hence it would seem that no fact can be supported 
by more conclusive testimony than that Angraecum belongs to Malaxideaej 
and yet this testimony I distrust so much that, without absolutely reject- 
ln g it, I cannot receive it j and for the following reasons. In the first 
place, I now know that my observation upon A. maculatum was incorrectj 
that plant has distinctly both a caudicula and gland j secondly, Du Petit 
Thouars in some cases, as t. 81. (CEonia Auherti m.) distinctly represents 
the pollen masses with glands, of which however M. Achille Richard de- 
nies the existence. Now in this case I prefer the evidence of M. Du Petit 
Thouars whose figure was taken from a fresh specimen. In the third 
place, M. Ach. Richard states that there is no gland in Angraecum gladii- 
[olium ; this happens to be the only Isle of France species I possess, and 
w my specimens I find a gland from which the pollen masses have fallen. 
Fourthly, the manifest close affinity between the Isle of France Angraecums 
and the Limodorum falcatum of Japan, and my Aeranthes grandiflorum, 
»n both of which glands undoubtedly exist, persuades me that they are not 
really different in structure. Finally, the genus Angraecum has in some 
cases, as A. calceolus, caulescens, crassum, palmatum, &c so completely 
the habit of the East Indian Aerides, that I feel great difficulty in believ- 
in g them to be essentially different in the structure of their pollen masses. 
This question can only be decided by a careful examination of good 
specimens, of which I am entirely destitute. I recommend the enquiry to 
those who are in possession of the requisite materials, or who are willing 

o oblige me by communicating them to me. 



Note. The total number of Orchideous plants belonging to the Tribe 
Malaxideae is as follows ; 

Pleurothalleae described 162 

doubtful 7 169 

Dendrobieae described 205 
d | btful 6 2 1 1 

Their geographical arrangement is thus 

Total 380 

Karnes of the 

1. Plenrothallis . 

2. Specklinia . . 

3. Octomeria 

4. Lepanthes 

5. Stelis . . . 

6. Osyricera . . 

7. Chrysoglossttm 

8. Gastroglottis . 
9- Restrepia . . 

10. Oberonia . . 

11. Empusa . . . 

12. Platystylis . . 

13. Microstylis 

14. Dienia . . . 

15. Malaxis . 

1(5. Nephelaphyllum 
17- Acianthus . . 

18. Cyrtosia . . 

19. Liparis . . . 

20. Dendrochilum 

21. Otochihis . . 

22. Ccelia . . , 

23. Pholidota . . 

24. Dilochia . . 

25. Coelogyne . . 

26. Dlcrypta . . 

27. Mesoclastes . 

28. Cochlia . . . 

29. Lyra?a . . . 

30. Megaclinium . 

31. Bolbophyllum . 

32. Cirrhopetalum 

33. Trias . . . 

34. Macrostomium 

35. Microcoelia . 

36. Epicranthes . 

37. Monomeria . 

38. Stcnoplossum . 

39. Diglyphosa . 

40. Mycaranthes 

41. Phrcatia . . 

42. Eria . . . 

43. Aporum . . 

44. Oxystophyllum 

45. Polystachya . 

46. Mctachilum . 

47. Dendrobium . 




Tribe II. Epidendre^e. 

Orchidex, Tribus Epidendres. Lindl. Orch. Sceletos. 

Pollen in niassas cereaceas (pollinia) definitas cohaerens, tela cellulosa in 
caudiculas elasticas pulvereas saepius replicatas cohaerente,glandula pro- 
pria diaphana nulla. Anthera terminalis, opercularis. Herbae epiphytes 
v. terrestres, ssepe caulescentes, nunc foliorum basibus v. caulibus in- 
crassatis, rarissime radicibus carnosis lobatis. 

The distinction of this Tribe depends upon the peculiar state of the 
caudicula, which is not transparent, and connected with the stigma by 
means of a gland as in Vandeae, but powdery, and very often turned back 
upon the face of the pollen masses. Some of the genera, such as Ceratium, 
in which this caudicula is very much reduced in size, approach Malaxideae j 
nevertheless the limits of the Tribe seem sufficiently well defined. 

Artificial Analysis or the Genera. 

Pollinia 2. 
Sepala et peUla patentissima. Labellum semi-lunatum 48. Collabium. 

Pollinia 4. 

Labellum cum columna connatum. 

Columna mutica elougata. Caudiculae 4 - - - 49. Epidendrum. 
Columna nana bicornis. Caudiculae 2. Labellum basil 5Q p lNE MA. 

tantum adnatum - - - - -J 

Columna mutica. Caudicula 2. Labellum plicis mem- Ij, I p LOCOGLOTT „ 
i . ., Dr »naceis inflexis columns connatum J 

•-•bellum liberum, v. fere, 

bas! in calcar productum ovario adnatum - - 57. BrouchtoNIa. 


circa columnam conrolutum, 

anticum. Sepala petaloidea explanata - - 56. Cattlf.ya. 
posticum. Sepala berbacea conniventia - - 51. Encyclia. 
explanation, A r 

rectu-n! Sepala Ubera - - , - 52. IwcMitiw. 

medu refractum. Sepala lateraha in calcar »pu- 1 w p ohEllA . 
rium connata - * 

Jul y. 1831. o 



Pullinia 8. 

Labellum calcaratum, (calcare ab ovario libero), 

subintegrum, v. leviter trilobum. Anthera 8-locularis 
alte trilobum, 

posticum. Anthera 2-locularis 
anticum. Anthera 6-8-locularis 
Labellum ecalcaratum, nunc basi saccatum, 

circa columnam convolutum, 

sepalis difforme. Anthera septis marginatis 
sepalis conforme. Anthera septis incompletis 
patentissimum convexum 

lobo medio unguiculato, 

basi tuberculato - 

basi nudo. Labellum basi in calcar produc- 
tum ovario adnatuni 
lobo medio sessili. 

Sepala lateralia basi aequilatera. 
Labellum posticum 
Labellum anticum. 

Anthera 8-locularis. Labellum 

cum columna articulatum 
Anthera 4-locularis. Labellum 
circa columnam convolutum 
Sepala lateralia basi obliqua 

basi saccatum. 

Anthera 4-8-locularis. Sepala conniventia 
Anthera 2-locularis. Sepala explannta 
basi non saccatum - 

63. Phajus. 


Tain i a. 

59. Spathoglottis. 
58. Tetramicka. 

55. LiELIA. 

60. Bletia. 






Collabium, Slume Bijdr. 357. 

Sepala patentia v. reflexa, lateralibus inferne in calcar obtusum cong*g 
Petala conformia. Labellum ecalcaratum, ungue brevi sepalis ^ at ^ r *" 
bus interne adnatum, limbo piano, semilunato, basi interne bicallo m 
columnam amplectente. Columna obtusa, tortuosa, aptera. AntW^ 
2-locularis. Pollinia duo, ovato-globosa, caudiculis elasticis affix*- 
Herba terrestris, radicibus (rhizomate ?) repentibus, annului-is. * 
radicalia, remota, petiolata, elliptico-oblonga, nervosa, membranac 
nebulosa. Pedunculi radicales, elongati, simplices. Flores spicatwr 
dicellati, nutantes. Character ex Blume. 

1. Collabium nebulosum. Blume, I. c. 

Hab. in convalli fluvii Tjapus ad montem Salak, Java: ; Blume. 


Horl. &"■ 


Epidendrum. Linn. Swart: Wov. Act. Ups. 6. p. 66. t. b.f. 2. Brown in 

ed. 5. 5.217. Auliza and Ampbiglottis Salisb. in Hort. Trans. 1. 261. &c 

Sepala patentia, subaequalia. Petala sepalis aequalia, v. angustiora 
latiora, patentia v. reflexa. Labellum cum marginibus coj 111111185 ,,^ 
nino v. parte connatum, limbo integro v. diviso, disco ssepius call ^ 
costato, v. tuberculato j nunc in calcar productum ovario accretuin 
Columna elongata: clinandrio marginato, **r 

cuniculum formans. 


fimbriate Anthera carnosa, 2-4 locularis. Pollinia 4, caudiculis toti- 

dem replicatis annexa. Herbae (Americana?) epiphytal, caule nunc 

apice v. basi pseudobulboso, nunc elongate- apice folioso. Folia carnosa, 
rarissime venis elevatis striata. Flores spicati, racemosi, corymbosi, v. 
paniculati, terminales v. laterales. 

This most natural genus is unknown in the Old World. In its divi- 
sions I have followed M. de la Llave in distinguishing the pseudobulbous 
and caulescent species as two distinct tribes, to which I have added a third, 
characterized by its winged rachis. I know not how far the distinction 
between the species with a cuniculate ovarium, and those in which the 
labellum ends abruptly at the base of the column is important ; but it is 
at present inapplicable to the genus, the circumstance not having been 
attended to in a great number of species. 
§ 1. Foliis in pseudobulbos insidentibus. 
§2. Foliis in caulem teretem distichis v. alternis; rachi terete. 

a. Labello indiviso ; v. repando. 

b. ■■ bilobo. 

f • trilobo ; lobis lateralibus integerrimis : intermedio indiviso v. tantura 

* trilobo ; lobis lateralibus laciniatis : intermedio indiviso r. tantum 

'• "" ' quadrilobo ; nempe trilobo : lobo intermedio bipartite. 
§ 3. Foliis distichis ; rachi alata ancipiti. 

§1. Foliis in pseudobulbos insidentibus. Bot. Reg. 1415. 

1. EriDENDRusi vitellinum. 

£• iolus in pseudobulbos binis oblongis obtusis apice recurvis, racemo 
secundo terminali, sepalis petalisque ovato-lanceolatis acutis subaequa- 
nbus patulis, labello cuneato oblongo semilibero basi calloso. 
Hab. in Mexico ; Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 
scapus 6-9 uncialis. Flores magni crocei nutantes. Labellum cum basi 
tantum eolumnae connatum. 

2. Epidendkum cochleatum. Linn. 

*-• foliis in pseudobulbos ovales geminatim insidentibus oblongis acumi- 
nata subundulatis, sepalis petalisque paul5 angustioribus lineari-lanceo- 
latis reflexis, labello cordato cochleato subrotundo, colnmna brevissima. 

E P>dendrum cochleatum. Linn. sp. pi. 135 1 . Jacu. it: mr. 3. *. 605. mild. no. 1. Bot. 

b - ,n Jnsulis Indice Occidental vulgatissimum. (v. v. c. et hab. s.) 
l - c pala et petala viridia. Labellum purpureum apice intus viride j basi 

bicallosum. Ovarium cuniculo nullo. 
3 - Epi DEXdrum f ragrans Swartz. 
•fohis in pseudobulbum solitariis lanceolatis apice recurvis, scapo folio 
oreviore, sepalis linear i-lanceolatis petalisque ovato-lanceolatis acumi- 
nat,s Patentibus, labello subrotundo cuspidato lineato integcrrimo, ra- 
c emo subtrifloro. 

& rUmlinCat,im - Salisb. stirp.p. 10. . „ 

^e„dru m f ragrans> Swrnrt* F%1.\22. Fl. Ind. Occ. 3.1487. 2. Bot. 

""*• *"• 1669. Bot. Cab. t. 103!>. 

ab - Su P e r truncos arborum vetustos Jamaica interioris ; Swartz. (p. v. c.) 

Uli «oma repens. Pseudobulbus ovalis. Flores pallide virides, labelli 

P° 3 ^ci lineis purpureis, odore nocturno et vespertino grato ambrosiaco. 


4. Epidendbum lancifolium. Pavon. Mss. 

E. pseudobulbis elongatis teretibus, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutiusculis, 
racemo stricto terminali, sepalis petalisque lanceolatis acuminata re- 
flexis, labello cordato oblato-ovato cochleato. 
Hab. in Mexico; Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 
Facies Epid. cochleati. Labellum venosum crista nulla. 

5. Epidendrum bracteolatum. Presl. in Reliq. Hank. p. 100. 

E. pseudobulbis sulcatis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis obtusis, scapo tereti 
simplici, sepalis petalisque lanceolatis patentibus, labello obcordato ob- 
tuso crenulato basi cristate 

Hab. in Guayaquil ; Presl. 

E. cochleato videtur affine. 

6. Epidendrum ligulatum. La Llave Nov. Veg. Descr. 2.26. 

E. foliis in pseudobulbos binis ? lanceolatis striatis, scapo filiformi, sepalis 
petalisque ligulatis reflexis, labello obcordato limbo subcrenato, capsula 

Hab. in montibus Irapaei Mexici ; La Llave. 

Planta gracilis. Pseudobulbi ovati nudi. Flores purpureo-fusci, labello 
lutescente. Secundum autorem laudatum " E. adenocarpo differt fructu, 
sed aliis notis est illo valdd affinis ;" at labellum huic tripartituro V* 
integrum, si fides ulla descriptionibus. 

7- Epidendrum pastoris. La Llave, Nov. Veg. Descr. 2.23. 

E. foliis in pseudobulbos binis ternisve elliptico-oblongis, scapo ancip 1 

depresso paucifloro, sepalis petalisque subaequalibus lineari-lanceoia 

patentissimis, labello cordato auriculato disco sulcato. 
Hab. supra arbores Mexici versus Acuitzuine, Undamseum usque ad Anu 

in provincia Michuacanensi ; Llave. 
Planta repens parasitica. Flores odorem, quasi Vanillae suavissiniu 

emittentes, lutescentes lineis purpurinis striatis, labello purpureo ma 

culato ; Llave. 

8. Epidendrum labiatum. Swartz. 

E. foliis oblongis acutis apice reflexis supra v. sub pseudobulbum nasc 
tibus, scapis filiformibus paucifloris, sepalis petalisque oblongis obtu 
concavis patentibus : anterioribus sub labello basi connatis, labello o 
vato subemarginato deflexo medio calloso. 

Epidendrum labiatum. Swartz Prodr. 124. Fl. Ind. Occ. 1.1493. Willd. no. 7. 
Liparis labiata. Spreng- Si/.st. 3. 741. 

Hab. in arboribus Crescentiae, &c. Hispaniolai ; Swartz. 
Folia sesquipollicaria. Flores parvi. Petala purpurea luteo striata. ** 
bellum saepe posticum ; Swartz. 

9. Epidendrum bidentatum. 

E. foliis obovato-lanceolatis apice recurvis supra v. sub pseudobulbu 
nascentibus, racemo terminali erecto paucifloro, sepalis lanceolatis P e 
talisque angustioribus patentibus, labello semilibero rhomboideo ang" 
utrinque uni-dentato. 

Hab. in Mexico; Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 


iscapus palmaris e spatha magna foliacea ortus. Squamae pseudobulborum 
coriacea? nitidae Ccelogynes more. Labellum apice callosum, tuberculis 
disci nullis. 

10. Epidendrum odoratissimum. Bot. Reg. 1415. 

E. foliis in pseudobulbos ovatos corrugatos binis ensiformibus, racemo 
subsimplici longiore, sepalis oblongis petalisque cuneatis patentibus, 
labelli fere liberi trilobi lobis oblongis obtusis integris subaequalibus 
disco calloso depresso. 

Macradenia hitescens. Lodd. Bot. Cab. non Bot. Reg. 
Encyclia patens. Hooker Bot. Mag. t. 3013. 

Hab. prope Rio Janeiro. («. v. cult.) 
Flores viridi-purpurei odoratissimi. 

This is a very different plant from Dr. Hooker's original species of 
Encyclia, and is distinguishable from Epidendrum in nothing whatever 
except the labellum being only slightly connected with the columna, in 
which respect it agrees with Epidendrum vitellinum. 

11. Epidendrum squalidum. La Llave Nov. Veg. Descr. 2.24. 

K. ioliis lanceolatis retusis in pseudobulbos binis, scapo simplici flexuoso, 
sepalis petalisque subaequalibus patulis, labello tripartito : laciniis late- 
ralibus linearibus intermedial subreniformi emarginata undulata 3-sul- 
cata. & 

Hab. in montibus Mexici prope Vallisoletum ; Llave. 

■r lores herbacei luridi, extus purpuraseentes, labello albido postico ; Llave. 

12. Epidendrum concolor. La Llave Nov. Veg. Descr. 2.25. 

*• »oliis in pseudobulbos confertos lenticulares solitariis lato-lanceolatis 
acutis, scapo filiformi 5-floro, sepalis ligulatis, petalis linearibus, labello 
tnpartito laciniis integris intermedia majore. 

Hab. supra arbores Mexici prope Vallisoletum ; La Llave. 

llanta gracillima. Bracteae brevissimae. Flores dilute ochroleuci con- 
colores ; labellum striatum. 

13. Ep ">exdrum venosum. 

• foliis ensiformibus obtusis supra et sub pseudobulbos fusiformes nas- 
centibus, racemo striato simplici, sepalis lineari-lanceolatis petalisque 
an gustioribus patentissimis, labello semilibero tripartito : laciniis late- 
ral lbus ovatis acutis intermedia subrotunda apieulata multo majore callo 

aseos et lineis tribus disci subramosis elevatis. 
Hab. in Mexico ; Pavon. {exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 
^Pus terminalis pedalis. Labellum usque ad dimidiam columnae adna- 
utn ' album venis elevatis violaceis. 

14 Ep 
• epidendrum auropurpureum. 

• f °l"s in pseudobulbos ternis lanceolatis margine revolutis, scapo erecto 
£ultifloro, sepalis petalisque patentibus oblongis cuneatis subsqualibus 
picoloribus, labelli tripartiti laciniis lateralibus parvis ovatis integris, 
ntermedia maxima cuneata dilatata alte biloba. 

Heborine floribus auropurpureis. Plumier Mm, atropurpureum. Sp. 9. U. 178. 

tv^A a VLTmannL 

•""drum atropurpureum. 115. 


Hab. in Hispaniola ; l'lumier. 

Flores aurei apicibus purpureis, labello undique purpurascente, callo disci 
atrorubente ; Plumier. 
Plumier's Mss. and descriptions appear, from the copy in Mr. Lamberts 

Herbarium, to give a very clear account of this beautiful species ; yet 

Burmann has, with his usual skill, converted the figure into a caricature 

and the name auro-purpureum, into atropurpureum. 

•15. Epidendrum adenocaulon. La Have I. c. 2.22. 

E. foliis in pseudobulbos binis v. ternis ensiformibus coriaceis, scapo sim- 
plici glanduloso, sepalis petalisque lineari-lanceolatis subaequalibus pa- 
tentissimis, labello tripartito laciniis lateralibus acutis involutis : inter- 
media cordata emarginata obtusa. 

Hab. in Mexico supra arbores prope Vallisoletum ; Llave. 

Scapus bi-tripedalis. Bracteffi membranacere vaginantes. Pedunculi glan- 
dulosi. Flores dilute violacei 5 labello venoso j Llave. 

16. Epidendrum adenocarpon. La Llave I. c. 2.24. 

E. foliis in pseudobulbos binis lanceolatis coriaceis, scapo simplici, sepalis 

petalisque ligulatis obtusis, labello tripartito laciniis lateralibus acutis : 

intermedia maxima subrotunda, capsula glandulosa. 
Hab. in montibus Irapa^i, Mexici ; Llave. 
Flores lutei, punctis linearibus purpurinis miniati. Labellum luridum, 

ungula lineis rubris striata ; Llave. 

17- Epidendrum bifidum. Aubl. 

E. foliis in pseudobulbos subternis lanceolatis, scapo ramoso foliis mul t 
longiore, sepalis oblongis acutis petalisque lanceolatis patentibus, label 
cuneati lobis lateralibus ovatis : intermedio maximo apice dilatato sud- 
reniformi sulcato basi in disco biappendiculato. 

Helleborine flore papilionaceo. Plum. sp. 9. ic. 186. f. 1. ^j 

Epidendrum bifidum. Aubl. Guian. p. 824. 20. Swartz Fl. Jnd. Occ. 3. 1489. ^« W8- 

no. 3. Redout. Lit. t. 84. 
Epidendrum papilionaceum. West. St. Cruc.p. 230. sec. Willd. 

Hab. in arboribus ins. St. Christophori, Bartholomcei; Swartz ; St. Thonuti 

Scapus bitripedalis. Flores pallide purpurei. Labellum atropurpureum, la- 
ciniis lateralibus ovatis ; intermedia basi angusta, supra medium sulcata, 
lacinulis duabus rotundatis sanguineis sulco adnatis : apice dilatata su 
reniformi : lobis subrotundis leviter undulatis, patulis, venosis ; Swartt- 

18. Epidendrum ciliare. Linn. 

E. foliis in pseudobulbos geminatim insidentibus, sepalis petalisque linea- 
ribus acuminatissimis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus setaceo-pectinati 
intermedio setaceo brevioribus, spica subquinqueflora. 

Epidendrum ciliare. Linn. Sp. PI. 1349. Jacq. Amer. 224. t. 179./. 89. Swartz. A* 

Act. Up*. 6. 69. Willd. no. 21. Ker in Jiot. Keg. t. 784. 
Auliza ciliaris. Stilish, in Hort. Trans. I. c. 

Hab. in Martinica ; Jacquin ; in ins. St. Vincentu ; Hooker, (v. v. c. et hw- 
s. sp. cornni. eel. Hooker.) 

E. cuspidato simillimum j gracilius et laciniis labelli tenuissimis. ^° r 5 
pallide virides ; labellum album. Ovarium cuniculatum. Bractee »' 
neari-lanceolatae, acuminata', l'seudobulbi clavati, vestiti. 


19. Epidendrum cuspidatum. Loddiges. 

E. foliis in pseudobulbos ternatim insidentibus, sepalis lineari-lanceolatis 
acuminatis, petalis conformibus latioribus, labelli trilobi lobis latera- 
libus falcatis laciniatis intermedio lineari subsequalibus, spica subtriflora. 

Epidendrum cuspidatum. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 10. Ker in Bot. Reg. 10. 783. 
Epidendrum ciliare. Bot. Mag. 463. 

Hab. in Dominica ; Loddiges; Mexico; Pavon. (hub. s. et v. v. c. ; adest in 
Herb. Lambert.) 

Bracteae breves, oblongo-lanceolatae, sphacelatae. Flores magni, lutei. 
Clinandrium denticulatum. Ovarium cuniculatum. 

20. Epidendrum polystachyum. Sp.Pl. 1.355. 

K. loins oblongis obtusis striato-nervosis geminatim in pseudobulbum in- 
sidentibus, scapo polystachyo, sepalis reflexis suboblongis acutis, petalis 
lanceolato-spatulatis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus irregulariter obo- 
vatis crenulatis : intermedio minore profunde emarginato. 

Hab. in subfrigidis Andium Pastoensium inter pagum Yayanquer et flumen 
«uaitara : item sub eoelo mitiori provinciae Loxensis in convallibus Ma- 
laeatensibus quae Cinchonam tolerant, alt. 900-1080 hex. Humboldt. 

iscapus subbipedalis polystachyus. Spathae marcidae. Spicae solitariae, 
gemmae aut ternae, altemae, distantes, subsesquipollicares, patulae. 
Flores lutei. Kunth. 

**• Epidendrum Michuacanum. La Have I. c. 2.26. 

°V 1S in pseudobulbos pyriformes ternis quaternisve ensiformi-lanceo- 
tls ' scapo ramosissimo, sepalis petalisque angustioribus euneato-lan- 
ceolatis, labello tripartito lacinia intermedia reniformi biloba. 

*ab. in montibus Mexici, provinciae Michuacanensis, et prope Valliso- 

letum; LaLlave. 
Pseudobulbi magni. Folia pedalia et ultra conduplicata. Flores parvi, 
modori, ochroleuci labello albicante ; La Have. 

§ II. Foliis in caulem teretem distichis, v. alternis ; rachi terete. 
a. Labello indiviso v. repando. 
2 - Epidendrum fruticosum. Pavon. Mss. 
fo his distichis ovato- oblongis acutis, caule ramoso fruticoso, racemo 
Jermiuali nutante, sepalis cartilagineis petalisque membranaceis ovato- 
Janceolatis acutis erectis, labello subrotundo cordato retuso apiculato 
undulato callis 4 magnis confluentibus in disco. 
ab ; m Mexico; Pavon. (exam. s. sp. Herb. Lambert.) 

a Jj! 19 ra mosus, ascendens, vestigiis vaginarum vestitus, pennam colum- 
oinarn crassus. Bracteae lineari-lauceolatae ovarii fer£ longitudme. 

**• Epidendrum filicaule. 

*•• caule gracili ramosissimo, foliis linearibus acutis, sepalis cuneato- 

^ongis acutis petalisque filiformibus patentibus, labello subrotundo 

cordato retuso repando, spicis terminalibus 3-floris, rachi capUlari. 

a • >«» Brazilia. (hab. s. sp. coram, amiciss. Prescott.) 

° res P arv i lincis tribus elevatis ad basin labelli. 


24. Epidendrum ramosum. Jacq. 

E. foliis linearibus obtusis einarginatis, racemis terminalibus laxis pauci- 
floris, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis petalisque linearibus acutis patentibus, 
labello subcordato ovato acuto concavo rigido, bracteis ovarii longitu- 
dine, caule raraoso. 

Epidendrum ramosum. Jacq. Amer. 221. t. 132. Swartz Ft. Ind. Occ. 1.1505. Willi 

710. 16. 

Isochilos ramosum. Spreng. Syst. 3.734. 

Epidendrum rigidum. Lodd. Hot. Cab. t. 1600. non Jacquini. 

Hab. in montibus Jamaica, in arboribus parasiticum ; Swartz j in Marti- 

niece sylvis ; Jacq. 
Caulis subdichotomus. Flores parvi viridi-lutei. Variat magnitudine 

partium, simul ac latitudine foliorum j Swartz. 

25. Epidendrum diffusum. Swartz. 

E. foliis oblongis, caule ancipiti, panicula terminali ramosissima, sepahs 
lineari-lanceolatis petalisque setaceis erecto-patentibus striatis, labello 
cordato acuminato basi bicalloso. 

Epidendrum diffusum. Swartz Prodr. 121. Fl. Ind. Occ. 3.1503. Willd.noAS. 

Hab. in arboribus Jamaicce temperatioris ; Swartz j Mexico ; Pavon. (exam, 
s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 

Caulis semipedalis, erectus, inferne aphyllus, superne subflexuosus. * ; 

nicula saepe pedalis. Flores parvi sanguinei; Swartz. Description 

optimae Swartzii nihil addere velim, nisi sepala petalis latiora et te 

striata, dum haec tantum semel. 

26. Epidendrum geminiflorum. Kunth. Nov. Gen. et Sp. PI- l ^ b ' 
E. foliis oblongis obtusis coriaceis, pedunculis subbifloris, sepalis lance 

latis acuminatis patulis margine revolutis, petalis conformibus plan > 
labello ovato cordato subcucullato, caule repente ramoso. 

Hab. in montanis opacatis provinciae Popayanensis, inter flumen Mayo 

pagum la Crux, alt. 1040 hex. Humboldt. 
Caulis semipedalis. Pedunculi rarb triflori spatha oblonga obtusa po 

can inclusa. Flores flavovirentes ; Kunth. 

27- Epidendrum fimbriatum. Humb. et Kunth. Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1.351- 

E. foliis distichis linearibus obtusis rigidis, margine crenulatis, caule f| 
moso, sepalis oblongis obtusis patentibus, petalis conformibus pa 
latioribus, labello ovato-subrotundo fimbriato, rachi racemi flexuosa. 

Hab. in Andibus Popayanensium, locis subapricis Parami Puracensis et 
convalli fluminis El Vinagre, alt. 1370 hex. Humboldt. 

Caules sex aut octopollicares. Flores albi. Labellum rubro-maculatufl 1 ' 
ex Kunthio. 

28. Epidendrum umbellatum. Swartz. 

E. foliis distichis oblongis subundulatis obtusis, sepalis lineari-oblongr 
obtusis petalisque linearibus patentibus, labello indiviso rotundato 
pando transverso basi bicalloso, floribus corymbosis. 

Epidendrum umbellatum. Swartz Prodr. 121. Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 68. Wiltd. *'• 

Bot. Mag. 2030. Hort. Kew. 5.218. 
Epidendrum difforme. Jacq. Amer. 223. t. 136. 
Epidendrum corymbosum. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 246 .' 


Hab. in Jamaica; Swartz ; in Martinica; Jacquin ; in ins. St. Vincentii; 
Hooker ; in Mexico ; Pavon. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker, et v. v. c.) 

Epiphyta, palmaris et ultra, nunc sesquipedalis. Flores virides. An- 
thera intra clinandrium abscondita. Ovarium cuniculatum. 

I retain the name of umbellatum, because it is now that which is gene- 
rally adopted, although that of Jacquin, difforme, has the right of priority. 

29. Epidendrum orchidiflorum. Salzman. 

E. foliis distichis lineari-oblongis obtusis, caule apice nudo vaginato, ra- 
cemo brevi terminali, floribus carnosis, sepalo supremo obovato latera- 
libus oblongis dimidiatis, petalis linearibus cuneatis, labello subrotundo 
basi unicalloso apice tridentato : dente intermedin minore. 

Hab. in fruticetis sabulosis Bahice ; Salzman. (hab. s. sp.) 

Folia unciam v. sesquiunciam longa, 3-4 lineas lata, carnosa, lucida. 
Caulis florifer pedalis. Ovarium cuniculatum. Flores magnitudine 
E. fusci. 

30. Epidendrum gramineum. 

E. foliis distichis lineari-lanceolatis acutis striatis, racemo terminali pani- 
culato, sepalis oblongis acutis, petalis linearibus, labello cordato acuto 
medio plicato basi calloso. 

Hab. in Peruvia ; Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 

I have only examined the unexpanded buds of this, but it is apparently 
a species distinct from any mentioned in the Fl. Peruviana, unless it should 
te the E. acuminatum of that work. 

31. Epidendrum acuminatum. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 248. 

E. "foliis lanceolato- linearibus, racemo terminali, labello subhastato acu- 
minata basi utrinque auriculato." 

Hab. in Huassahassi montibus Peruvia ; Ruiz et Pavon. 

32. Epidendrum ferrugineum. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 245. 

• ' foliis oblongo-lanceolatis emarginatis, racemo simplici erecto, labello 
acuminata inteero." 

ao. in Chinchao montibus nemorosis Peruvia: ; Ruiz et Pavon. 

33. Epidendrum lineare. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 249. 

• " foliis linearibus, racemo terminali subpaniculato, labello obcordato- 
cuneiformi basi utrinque dentato." 

J* ln nemoribus Chinchao, Muiia, et Huassahuassi Peruvia ; Ruiz et 

4 - Epidendrum ? flexuosum. Meyer Fl. Essequeb. p. 260. 
, l,s distichis carnosis lanceolatis emarginatis, caule flexuoso, sepalis 
janceolatis, petalis rhomboideis, labello acuminato subquadrato margine 

a • m arboribus ad ripas rivi Arowabischkreek in Essequebo ; Meyer. 
"J 1 ' 8 u-" 3 P edalis ' compressus, a vagina ad vaginam flexuosus. Folia 
-Pollicaria. Flores purpurei ; ex Meyero. 
Ju 'y, 1831. P 


b. Labello bilobo. 

35. Epidendrum radicans. Pavon. Mss. 

E. foliis distichis cordatis ovatis obtusis, caule simplici apice aphyllo va- 
ginato, sepalis petalisque lanceolatis acutis patentibus, labello bipartito 
laciniis subcuneatis deflexis fimbriatis basi bicalloso. 
Hab. in Mexico ; Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 
Facies E. elongati. Caulis radices longissimas albas simplices promens. 

36. Epidendrum cordatum. Ft. Peruv. Syst. 244. 

E. " foliis cordatis amplexicaulibus, panicula flexuosa, labelli bifidi laci- 
niis acuminatis recurvis." 

Hab. in Chinchao montibus nemorosis et runcationibus supra arbores et 
saxa j Ruiz et Pavon. 

37- Epidendrum volubile. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 247. 

E. " foliis oblongo-obovatis, ramis volubilibus, labelli bifidi laciniis lan- 

Hab. in Peruvice praeruptis, ad Acobamba ; Ruiz et Pavon. 

c. Labello trilobo ; lobis lateralibus integerrimis ; intermedio indiviso v. 
tantum cmarginato. 

38. Epidendrum fuscatuni. Swartz. 

E. foliis distichis oblongis undulatis apice recurvis, sepalis oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis, petalis linearibus, labelli trilobi cordati lobis lateralibus rotun- 
datis : intermedio leviter emarginato disco calloso, spica globosa recurva. 

Epidendrum fuscatum. Swartz Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 69. Smith Spicil. Bot. 21. t. 23. W* 
no. 23. Bot. Reg. t. 67. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 2844. Loddiges Bot. Cab. I. 887. 

Epidendrum anceps. Jacq. Amtr. 224 . 1. 138. 

Amphiglottis lurida. Salisb. in Hort. Trans. I. c. 

Hab. in Jamaicd; Swartz; Martinicd ; Jacquin. (v. v. c. et hab. s. c.) 

Spica pedunculo foliis longiore squamoso insidens. Flores fusco-virides. 
Petala in icone Hookeriano lutea, secundum alios fuscoviridia ut sepaia- 
Dr. Hooker's figure represents the species in a monstrous state : a° 

the labellum is made too entire : the 3 lobes are very distinctly separate 

in all the specimens that I have seen. 

39. Epidendrum ovalifolium. 

E. foliis distichis ovali-lanceolatis acutis, sepalis oblongo-lanceolatis, P e 
talis linearibus, labelli trilobi cordati lobis lateralibus rotundatis mucro- 
natis : intermedio lineari bilobo disco calloso basi bituberculato, racem 
Hab. in Mexico ; Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 
E. fuscato valde affine ; difiFert praecipue foliorum forma, labelli lobis late- 
ralibus mucronulatis intermedio lineari bilobo, et racemis elongatis. 

40. Epidendrum Haenkeanum. Presl. Rel. Hcenk. IOO. 

E. foliis distichis ovato-lanceolatis nervosis acutis, spica paniculata, sepa 19 
oblongo-lanceolatis acutiusculis in basin attenuatis, petalis spatulatis» 
labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus rotundatis, medio minore obcordato. 

Hab. in montosis Peruvia ; Presl. 

Scapus pedalis. Sepaia 10 lineas longa. Folia 10 lineas lata. 


41. Epidendrum pallidiflorum. Hooker BoL Mag. t. 2980. 

E. foliis distichis oblongis linearibus obtusis, sepalis petalisque lanceolatis 
obtusis patentibus, labelli trilobi lobis subaequalibus rotundatis : inter- 
medii marginibus involutis, spica corymbosa pedunculata. 

Hab. in insula St. Vincentii; Guilding. 

Flores pallide ochroleuci concolores. 

42. Epidendrum lignosum. La Have I. c. 2. 28. 

E. foliis distichis lineari-lanceolatis emarginatis, sepalis petalisque paten- 

frbus , labelli 3-partiti laciniis lateralibus obtusis intermedia 

convexa integra, florum fasciculis sparsis. 

Hab. supra arbores Mexici prope Vallisoletum ; Llave. 

Valde affinis E. anisato. Flores herbacei punctati ; labellum striis pur- 
puras ad basin j Llave. 

43. Epidendrum nocturnum. Linn. 

fc. foliis distichis oblongis acutis, floribus subgeminis terminalibus, sepalis 
petalisque linearibus acuminatis patentibus, labelli trilobi lobis latera- 
libus ovatis integerrimis intermedio setaceo brevioribus. 

Epidendrum nocturnum. Linn. Sp. PI. 1349. Jacq. Amer. 225. t. 139. Swartz Nov. Act. 
6.69. mild. no. 20. 

Hab. in sylvis montosis Martinica ; Jacquin. 

rlanta vix pedalis. Flores tripollicares, viridi-lutei, noctu odorein sua- 
vissimum exhalantes j Jacquin. 

44. Epidkndrum nutans. Swartz. 

B. foliis oblongis distichis undulatis obtusis, racemo nutante multifloro, 
8epalis oblongo-lanceolatis petalisque lineari-lanceolatis obtusis paten- 
tibus, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus cordatis ovatis : intermedio trans- 
verso truncato apiculato basi bicalloso venis tribus elevatis. 

E Pjdendrum nutans. Swartz Prodr. 121. Fl. Ind. Occ . 1. 1499. mild. no. 13. Hooker 
*-xot. Bot. l.t.hQ optima. 

Hab. in arboribus montium Jamaica occidentals ; Swartz. (v. v. c.) 

Flores albo-virides vespere odorati. Ovarium cuniculatum. 

4 *. Epidendrum longiflorum. Humb. et Kunth. Nov. Gen. et Sp. PI. 1. 354. 
• *° lus oblongis obtusis striatis coriaceis, floribus paniculatis, sepalis 
petalisque lanceolato-linearibus acuminatis margine revolutis, labelli 
tnpartiti laciniis lateralibus ovatis oblique truncatis revolutis : inter- 
m edia lanceolata acuminata margine revoluta dupl5 longiore. 

Hab - in declivitate montis Puruguay, inter Andes Novo-Granatenses emi- 
cantis, juxta villam Aguacillas, alt. 1480 hex. Humboldt. 
Ulls P e ndulus. Flores 4-5-pollicares, flavi ; Kunth. 

* 6 ' Ep,1 >endrum cernuum. Humb. et Kunth. Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1. 353. 
foli >9 oblongis obtusis coriaceis, spica cernua, sepalis lanceolatis mar- 
ine revolutis cuspidatis, petalis conformibus paulo longioribus, label o 
"Hobo margine reflexo : lobis lateralibus subrotundis intermedio tripio 
majore ovato obtuso. 

p- ** arbores in crepidinibus Andium Popayanensium, intra viilam La 
rre et convallem Yanacatu alt. S80 hex. Humboldt. 


Caulis tripedalis et altior. Spica tripollicaris. Flores suavolentes flavo- 
virescentes. Kunth. 

47. Epidendrum gladiatum. 

E. foliis distichis gladiiformibus, racemis terminalibus fasciculatis corym- 
bosis recurvis, sepalis oblongis obtusis margine reflexis petalisque spa- 
tulatis patulis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus subquadratis rotundatis 
intermedio multb minore obcordato basi bituberculato. 
Hab. in Peruvia ; Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 
Caulis pedalis, verosimiliter simplex, basi nudus, durus,pennam scriptoriam 
crassus, superne foliosus curvus. Racemi breves e vaginis pluribus 
erumpentes. Sepala 4 lineas longa. Folia 4 uncias longa, 3 lineas lata. 

48. Epidendrum conopseum. R. Br. 

E. foliis binis radicalibus rigidis coriaceis, scapis multifloris, sepalis luie- 
aribus obtusis petalisque angustioribus spatulatis patentibus, labello 
obcordato obtuse trilobo. 

Epidendrum conopseum. R. Br. in H. Kew.f>.2\9. Nutt. Gen. 2. 198. 
Epidendrum Magnoliae. Muhl. CaC.Sl. 

Hab. in Magnoliis Carolina et Georgia ; Nuttall, Baldwin, (v. s. sp. in Herb. 

Planta 4-uncialis v. minus. Flores lutei. 

49. Epidendrum scabrum. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 248. 

E. " foliis ovato-lanceolatis marginibus vaginisque scabris, racemo ter- 
minally labello cruciformi." 
Hab. in Pillao et Muna montibus Peruvia ; Ruiz et Pavon. 

d. Labello trilobo ; lobis lateralibus laciniatis v. emarginatis : intermedio 
indiviso v. tantum emarginato. 

50. Epidendrum polyanthum. 

E. foliis distichis ovali-lanceolatis acuminatis, caule ramoso, racemis pW- 
rimis multifloris cernuis basi spathaceis, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis acuti* 
striatis, petalis linearibus reflexis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus ova«» 
dimidiatis denticulatis : intermedio lineari retuso disco tricostato. 

Epidendrum polystachyum. Pavon. Mss. non H. B. K. 

Hab. in Mexico; Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 

Caulis pennam anserinam crassus, longus, ex axilla omni racemos cernu 
promens. Folia sex uncias longa, l£ lata. Sepala dura (in sicco), ven> 5 
lignosis. Labelli laciniffi laterales erectse, intermediae margines incurs 

52. Epidendrum cinnabarinum. Salzmann. 

E. foliis distichis oblongis carnosis acutis convexis subrecurvis, cau 
simplici apice aphyllo vaginato, sepalis petalisque lineari-oblongis acu 
subaequalibus patentibus, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus rotundatis laci- 
niatis intermedio lingureformi apice furcato aequalibus. 

Hab. in fruticetis sabulosis Bahice ; Salzmann. (hab. s. sp.) 

Facies E. elongati, sed flores triplo majores. 

52. Epidendbum imatophyllum. 

E. foliis distichis ligulatis obtusis subemarginatis, caule simplici np" 


aphyllo vaginato, sepalis petalisque lanceolatis oequalibus patentibus, 
labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus laciniatis patentibus : intermedio cuneato 
subundulato apiculato. 

Hab. in Guiana; Hooker, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 

53. Epidendrum ibaguense. Humb. et Kunth. Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1. 352. 

E. foliis distichis oblongis obtusis carnosis, caule simplici apice aphyllo, 
sepalis suboblongis acutis patentibus, petalis conformibus pauld mino- 
nbus, labelli trilobi lobo intermedio obcordato crenulato-fimbriato la- 
teralibus fimbriatis ovatis dimidiatis apice rotundatis. 

Hab. in loeis temperatis regni Novo-Granatensis inter urbem Ibague et 
nobilissimum rnontem Tolimae, alt. 740 hex. ; Humboldt. 

Flores aurantiaci ; Kunth. 

54. Epidendbum elongatum. Jacq. 

fc. tolas distichis oblongo-lanceolatis acutiusculis, caule apice longe aphyllo 
squamoso, sepalis petalisque patentibus lineari-lanceolatis aequalibus, 
labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus truncatis denticulatis : intermedio duplo 
majore cuneato apice dilatato emarginato denticulato basi calloso : 
callo carnoso concavo acuminato, racemo brevi oblongo. 

Epidendrum elongatum. Jacq. R. Rar. 3. t. 604. Swartz Nov. Act. Ups. 6.69. Willd. 

»o2 4 Bot. Ma?, t. 611. 
Amph.gloUi 8 secunda. Salisb. Hort. Trans. I. c. 
Hab. ad Caraccas ; Jacq. {hab. s. sp. et v. v. c.) 

lores pallide coccinei. Ovarium cuniculatum. Tubus inter labellum et 
coiiunnam septo dividitur longitudinali ex apice ovarii orto sub stigmate 

55. EnoBHDBim crassifolium. 

° us distichis ovato-oblongis obtusis carnosis concavis, caule apice 

onge aphyllo squamoso : squamis superioribus lineari-lanceolatis acu- 

n\inatis, sepalis petalisque patentibus lineari-oblongis aequalibus, labelli 

a " J lobis lateralibus dimidiatis denticulatis : intermedio cuneato 

P'culato denticulato majore basi calloso : callo carnoso concavo ob- 

E . d US0 ' ra cemo brevi subcorymboso. 

W> endrum ellipticum. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1216. non Graham. 

• »» insula St. Vincentu ,• Hooker, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 
se ls ls know n from E. ellipticum by the form of its leaves, by the lateral 
scale eD f S i? the laoellum DeJ ng smaller than the middle one, by the upper 
point* !i • a P n y llous stem being somewhat foliaceous with a long rigid 
scare* i, if Mr ' Lod{ %es's figure be correctly quoted, which I can 
e y doubt, by the lilac colour of its flowers. 

E " DHD »<« ellipticum. Graham in Hook. Exot. Bot. t. 207- 

aph •n J,Stich,S elli P ticis obtusis concavis succulentis, caule apice longe 
j '.° s quamoso, sepalis petalisque patentibus lineari-lanceolatis 
nved* •' lab ? 1]i trilobi lobis lateralibus rotundatis laciniatis : inter- 
com' h" 11 " 01 " 6 truncato apice denticulato basi calloso, racemo brevi 

»n Brazilia, prope Rio Janeiro ; Graham, Forbes, (hab. s. sp.) 
culenn 0ear E- elon gatum, from which it differs in its elliptical blunt suc- 
A«m.L i* 8 ' sma11 mid dle segment of the labellum and more corymbose 
er8 ' which are also paler. 


57. Epidendrum secundum. Linn. 

E. foliis distichis oblongis emarginatis, caule apice longe aphyllo squa- 
moso, sepalis petalisque aequalibus, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus emar- 
ginatis conniventibus intermedio subrotundo concavo emarginato ascen- 
tlente paulo minoribus, racemo brevi secundo. 

Epidendrum secundum. Linn. Sp. PI. 1349. Jacq. Amer, 224. t. 137. Willd. no. 22. 

Hab. in sylvis Martinicce montosis ; Jacquin. 

Mores toti purpurei j ex Jacq. 

58. Epidendrum dichotomum. Presl. Rel. Hcenk. 101. 

E. foliis distichis Janceolato-oblongis obtusis, caule apice aphyllo squaraoso 
subdichotomo, sepalis petalisque lanceolatis acutis reflexis, labelli tn- 
partiti laciniis fimbriatis : lateralibus rotundatis patentissimis intermedia 
majore obcordata. 

Hab. in montosis ad Huanoco PeruvUe ; Presl. 

Scapus bipedalis. Folia 3 pollices longa. Flores flavescentes. 
Seems very near E. elongaturn. 

e. Labello quadrilobo, nempe trilobo : lobo intermedio bipartite ; v. sexlobo. 

59. Epidendrum verrucosum. Swartz. 

E. foliis distichis lanceolatis oblique patentibus vaginis verrucosis, floribus 
subpaniculatis, sepalis oblongis concavis acutis petalisque lineari-lan- 
ceolatis patulis, labello 4-lobo laciniis linearibus obtusis divaricatis : 
anterioribus minoribus. 

Epidendrum verrucosum. Swartz PI. Ind. Occ.3. 1497. Willd. no. 11. Lodd.Bot.Cab- 
t. 1084. 

Hab. in truncis arborum Jamaica ; Swartz. 

Caules simplices, erecti, 2-pedales v. suborgyales ; sepala et petala pall"* 

viridia ; labellum luteum ; scapi radicales j Swartz. Panicula term'* 

nalis j Loddiges. An duae species hie confusse ? 

60. Epidendrum patens. Swartz. 

E. foliis distichis oblongo-lanceolatis, racemo terminali, sepalis petalisque 
subaequalibus oblongis acutis concavis patentibus, labelli quadrilob' 
lobis lateralibus subrotundis : anterioribus linearibus obtusis conni- 

Epidendrum patens. Swartz Ft. Ind. Occ. 1. 1495. Willd. no. 10. Bot. Cab. t. 1537. 
Hab. in sylvis montium Jamaica ; Swartz. 

Caulis spithamaeus v. pedalis. Flores pallidi. Sepala extus carinata 

61. Epidendrum paniculatum. Ft. Peruv. Syst. p. 243. 

E. foliis distichis oblongo-lanceolatis acurainatis, caule apice vaginis acu- 
minatissimis membranaceis vestito, panicula conferta multiflora, sepal'* 
oblongis venis extus varicosis, petalis filiformibus, labelli quadrilob' 
laciniis posticis brevibus oblongis obtusis : anticis linearibus divaricatis. 
disco callis tribus et tuberculis duobus. 

Hab. in Huayaquil ; Pavon. {exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 

Species spectatissima. Panicula fere pedalis floribus confertissim* 
Bracteae subulate. 


62. Epidendrum anisatum. La Have I. c. 2. 27. 

E. foliis distichis elliptico-lanceolatis, sepalis petalisque patentibus linea- 
ribus obtusis, labelli tripartiti laciniis lateralibus obtusis intermedia 
profundi biloba : lobis acutis. 

Hab. supra arbores Mexici prope Vallisoletum ; Llave. 

Planta pedalis. Flores luridi noctu odorem anisatum emittentes, srepius 
impunctati. Labellum lineis tribus purpureis ad insertionem; Llave. 

63. Epidendbum floribundum. Humb. et Kunth. Nov. Sp. 1.353. £.86. 

E. foliis lanceolato-oblongis acuminatis submembranaceis, panicula ter- 
minal^ sepalis reflexis lanceolatis, petalis filiformibus, labelli quadrilobi 
basi bituberculati lobis lateralibus subrotundis, terminalibus linearibus 

Hab. in loeis temperatis nemorosis provincial Bracamorensis inter Amazo- 
num flumen, pagum Puyaya et urbem Jaen, alt. 230 hex. Humboldt ; 
in Mexico; Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 

Caulis pedalis. Panicula semipedalis. Sepala viridia. Petala et labellum 
alba. Variat foliis oblongis, hinceolato-oblongis et linearibus ; Kunth. 

64. Epidendrum raniferum. 

E. foliis distichis lanceolatis obtusis, racemis terminalibus lateralibusque 
divaricatis multifloris, sepalis ligulatis undulatis apice recurvis petalis- 
que linearibus cuneatis mucronulatis patentissimis, labelli sexlobi basi 
bicallosi laciniis integerrimis : posticis rotundatis — intermediis linea- 
ribus — anticis linearibus obtusis retrorsum falcatis. 
Hab. in Mexico ; Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 
Caulis crassus, verosimiliter 2-3-pedalis. Folia 7 uncias longa, unam lata. 
Racemi semipedales. Sepala 10 lineas longa. 

This is in Mr. Lambert's Herbarium from Pavon under the names both 
of Ophrys tigrina, and Epidendrum racemosum ; as I have no means of 
ascertaining which of these names was intended to be applied by the latter 
Botanist, I have not hesitated, in this and in other cases, to reject both. 

65. Epidendrum coronatum. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 242. 

"/ oms ovato-lanceolatis, racemis dependentibus, labello trilobo : laci- 
niis bifidis intermedia minori." 
Hab. in Pozuzo supra arbores et saxa ; Ruiz et Pavon. 

66. Epidendrum cristatum. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 243. 

E. " foliis lanceolatis, racemo dependente, labello tripartito : lacinia media 

bifida, lateralibus tripartitis." 
Hab. supra arbores in nemoribus Pozuzo ; Ruiz et Pavon. 

67. Epidendrum viride. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 244. 

E. '« foliis lanceolatis acutis, racemo terminali, labii trilobi laciniis late- 
ralibus obcordatis, intermedia bifida." 
Hab. in Peruviee nemoribus ad Pozuzo vicum supra arbores ; Ruiz et Pavon. 

68. Epidendrum parviflorum. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 245. 

*•• " foliis lanceolato-linearibus, racemo brevi, labelli trilobi laciniis sub- 

rotundis : intermedia bipartite acuta. 
Hab. in Muna et Chaclla montibus Peruviee ; Ruiz et Pavon. 



§111. Foliis distichis ; rachi alatd ancipiti : bracteis car inalis. 

69. Epidendrum bifarium. Swartz. 

E. foliis distichis cordato-lanceolatis horizontalibus, spica terminali flex- 
uosa, rachi ancipiti, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis convexis, petalis brevioribus 
setaceis, labelli dilatati trilobi lobis lateralibus subrotundis integris : 
intermedio bilobo. 

Epidendrum anceps. Swartz Prodr. 121. 

Epidendrum bifarium. Swartz Fl. Lid. Occ. 3. 1509. Willd. no. 19. 

Hab. in montibus altis Jamaica australis, supra truncos arborum ; Swartz. 

(v. s. sp. in Herb. Smith.') 
Caulis 2-4-uncialis. Flores viridi-albi. Bracteae subfalcatae, carinatffi, 

ovarii longitudine ; Swartz. 

70. Epidendrum rigiduin. Jacquin. 

E. foliis distichis ovato-oblongis obtusis, spicae flexuosae rachi ancipiti, 
sepalis coriaceis ovatis obtusis patentibus lateralibus majoribus, petalis 
linearibus membranaceis, labelli postici cordato-ovati obtusi palato 
ealloso cuniculo inflato, bracteis foliaceis dolabriformibus carinati9 
ovarii longitudine. 

Epidendrum rigidum. Jacq.Amer. 222. *. 134. Swartz Fl. hid. Occ. 3- 1507. 

ft. labello subrotundo. 

Hab. in sylvis montium Jamaica ; Swartz ; MartiniccB; Jacquin; St. rin- 
centii; Hooker; Hispaniolce ; Mackenzie; ft Mexico; Pavon. (hab. s. sp- 
comm. eel. Hooker et Mackenzie ; exam, ft in Herb. Lambert.) 

Caules simplices, palmares, ancipites. Flores parvi, virides. ft l° r e 
species diversa. 

71. Epidendrum imbricatum. 

E. foliis distichis lineari-oblongis obtusis, caule ramoso, spicis ovato- 
oblongis imbricatis, sepalis petalisque ovatis acutis aequalibus erectis, 
labello ovato acuto obsolete crenulato, bracteis carinatis obtusis. 

Hab. in Brazilia. {hab. s. sp. comm. amiciss. Prescott.) 

Ovarium alte cuniculatum. 

*** Species obscurce, valde dubiee, auctoribus descriptor, sed systemate vix 


Epidendrum vomeriforme (Swartz Prodr. 154. Fl. Ind. Occ. 3. 1511. Willd- 
no. 25.) ; " caulescens foliis bulbis innatis carnosis ovato-acuminatis con- 
vexis canaliculatis subtus carinatis, scapis e sinu foliorum." Jamaica; 
Swartz. Species minima. Flores ignoti. (v. s. sp. in Herb. Smith.) 

Epidendrum angustifolium (Swartz Prodr. 123. Fl. Ind. Occ. 3. 1512. 
Willd. no. 26.) ; " folio lineari bulbo innato, scapo paniculato." Jamaica; 

Epidendrum? turbinatum (La Llave Nov. Veg. Descr. 2. 41.)} " bulbis 
oblongo-turbinatis confertis membranis laceratis praecinctis, scapo ex 
bulbia prudeunte, foliis lineari-lanceolatis coriaceis bulbo adnatis." 
Mexico ; La Llave. 

Epidendrum ? tnayzifolium (La Llave Nov. Veg. Descr. 2.42.) ; " bulbis fu- 
siformibus pedalibus articulatis, foliis distichis ensiformibus trinerviis." 
Mexico } La Llave. 

N.B. Species reliquas Flora; Peruviana- pr?Etereo. 



Dinema. Orch. Sceletos, p. G. 

Sepala et petala subaequalia, herbacea, patentia. Labellum majus, mem- 
branaceum, indivisum, unguiculatum, cum basi columnae accretum. 
Columna nana, bicornis. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 4, per paria 

caudiculis duobus replicatis adnata. Herba epiphyta, rhizomate re- 

pente annulato pseudobulbifero. Folia coriacea. Flores solitarii, ter- 
minates., pedunculo vaginato. 

This genus differs from Isochilus chiefly in its labellum being large, 
membranous and extremely different in appearance from the petals ; and 
in these last, and the sepals being spreading not connivent. It is distin- 
guished from Epidendrum by its short two horned labellum. 

1. Dinema polybulbon. 

Epidendrum polybulbon. Swartz Ft. InJ. Occ.p. 1491. Hooker Exot. Ft. t. 112. 

Hab. in Jamaica, Swartz j in Mexico, Pavon. (v. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 

Pseudobulbi ovales, squamis ovatis obtusis vestiti. Folia bina, oblonga, 
obtusa, pedunculis ajqualia. Sepala et petala viridia, venis sanguineis. 
Labellum album. Columna sanguinea. 


Encyclia. Hooker in Hot. Mag. t. 283 1 . 

Sepala et petala subaequalia, conniventia. Labellum (posticum) cucul- 
latum, columnam involvens, apice trilobum, basi callosum. Columna 
libera, semiteres, clavata, cum labello parallela. Anthera 4-loeularis, 
septis marginatis. Pollinia 4, collatcralia, caudiculis totidem revolutis. 

Herba epiphyta, pseudobulbosa, Epidendri facie, foliis coriaceis. 

Inflorescentia terminalis. 

This genus differs from Cattleya in its smnll half-closed flowers, the 
labellum of which is posterior with a great callus at its base, and also in 
its panicled flowers ; otherwise it approaches it very nearly. From Epi- 
dendrum it cannot be distinguished either by its herbage, or inflorescence, 
and in its fructification is so similar to that genus that with the exception 
of its four celled anther, and cucullate labellum, it possesses no peculiar 
character. The posterior labellum is observed in many undoubted Epi- 
dendra, and in some species of the same genus the cohesion between the 
lip and the column is very slight. So slight indeed are the marks of dis- 
tinction between Encyclia and Epidendrum that Dr. Hookers second 
species of the former (E. patens) unquestionably belongs to the latter 
genus j see Epidendrum odoratissimum. 

1. Encyclia viridiflora. Hooker I. c. 

Hab. in Brazilia, prope Rio Janeiro ; Hooker. 

Pseudobulbi ovati vagina scariosa tecti. Folia ensiformia, subrecurva, 
acuta, per paria nata. Panicula multiflora. Flores herbacei, versus 
basin purpurascentes. Sepala lineari-lanceolata, lateralia subfalcata. 
Labellum lobis lateralibus ovatis obtusis, intermedio margine undulato. 

Aug. 1831. 



Isochilus. R. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 209. Kunth Nov. Gen et Sp. PI. 1.340. 

Sepala et petala subaequalia, libera, conniventia ; illorum anterioribus nunc 
basi paululum dilatatis et invicem connatis. Labellum unguiculatum, 
indivisum, petalis saepius conforme, cum columna articulatum. Columna 
clavata, semiteres, bi-tricornis. Anthera 4-locularis. Pollinia 4, col- 

lateralia, caudiculis ligulatis replicatis. Herbae parvae epiphyts, 

caule nunc tereti distiche folioso, nunc pseudobulboso apice tantum 
folioso. Flores parvi, albi v. purpurei. 

1 . Isochilus lineare. R. Br. 

1. caule tereti, foliis distichis linearibus emarginatis, racemo cernuo ter- 
minal^ labello lanceolate- obtuso. 

Epidendrum lineare. Linn. Sp. PI. 1349. Jacq. Amer. 221. t. 131./. 1. 
Cymbidium lineare. Stuarts Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 72. Willd. no. 13. „ 

Isochilus linearis. R.Br. I.e. Kunth Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1.340. Bot. Reg. 9. t. 745. Hot. 
Cab. t. 1341. 

Hab. in sylvis densis Martinicce ; Jacquin. (v. v. c.) 

Flores purpurei. Labellum sanguineo maculatum. 

2. Isochilus globosum. 

I. caule simplici subunifloro, foliis teretibus canaliculars, labello ovato 

acuto concavo, petalis quam sepala minoribus. 

Epidendrum globosum. Jacq. Amer, 222. 1. 133./. 1. Swartz Prodr. 121. 
Cymbidium globosum. Swartz Fl. Ind. Occ. 1467. Willd. no, 17. 

Hab. in summis ramis arborum Jamaica interioris, Swartz ; Martimc&> 

Jacquin ; St. Vincentii, Hooker, (v. s. sp.) 
Flores minuti, rubicundi. Petala minora lutea. 

3. Isochilus teretifolium. 

I. caule simplici folioso, foliis distichis teretiusculo-triquetris obtusis car- 

nosis, ftore solitario, labello striato apice triquetro incrassato, petal* 3 

quam sepala duplo minoribus. 

Epidendrum teretifolium. Swartz Prodr. 121. 

Cymbidium teretifolium, Swartz FL Ind. Occ. 1463. Willd. no. 15. 

Hab. in arboribus in montibus excelsis Jamaica australis ; Swartz. 
Caulis pedalis. Flos luteo-viridis, terminalis in caule versus apicem nudo 

4. Isochilus graminifolium. Kunth. 

I. caule ramoso folioso, foliis distichis linearibus acuminatis membranacei9» 
Mori bus axillaribus solitariis, labello obovato-oblongo obtuso basi an- 
gustato, sepalis petalisque lineari-lanceolatis subaequalibus. 

Isochilus gramimfolius. Humb. Bonpl. et Kunth. Nov. Gen. et Sp. PL 1.349. tab. 7$' 
Synops. 1.329. 

Hab. in declivitate Andium Popayanensium, ncmoribus opacissimis inhor- 
rescentium, juxta villain. La Erre, ad radices Parami de Puruguay, alt. 
1064 hexap. florens Novembri j Humboldt. 

Caules erecti - subpedales. Folia sesquipollicaria, vix duas lineas lata» 
Calyx albus, glaber. Capsula glabra ; ex Kunthio. 


5. Isochilus proliferum. R. Br. 

I. caule carnoso tereti subcylindraceo prolifero apice subdiphyllo, foliis 
linearibus emarginatis, floribus axillaribus fasciculatis, labello lineari 
obcordato ungue calloso. 

Epidendrum proliferum. Swartz Prodr. 124. 

Cymhidium proliferum. Swartz Fl. Ind. Occ. 1451. Willd. no. 5. 

Isochilus prolifer. R. Br. in H. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 209. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 10. /. 825. 

Hab. supra truncos vetustos inter muscos in montibus altis Jamaica aus- 
tralis j Swartz. (v. v. c.) 

Flores albi e bracteis imbricatis nati. Labellum disco discolore. 

6. Isochilus fusiforme. 

I. caule ovato tereti carnoso basi angustato prolifero, foliis linearibus 
emarginatis mucronatis, floribus solitariis axillaribus nudis, labello ob- 
longo membranaceo apice dilatato triangulari. 

Hab. in Trinidad; Lockhart. (v. v. c.) 

Facies I. proliferi quo differt internodiis fusiformibus, floribus majoribus 

solitariis ebracteatis magis patentibus, et labelli disco non discolore. 

Flores albi concolores. 

§ Elleanthus ; Presl. 

Genus forte distinctum, sed, characteribus autoris nimis vagis, ab Isochilo nihil 
diversion nisi bracteis membranaceis Jtoribus longioribus. 


7- Isochilus ? linifolium. 

I. caule simplici folioso, foliis distichis linearibus apice tridentatis, spica 

disticha terminali, floribus bracteis inclusis. 
Elleanthus linifolius. Presl. Reliq. Hank. p. 97. 
Hab. in montanis Peruvice ad Huanoco j Presl. 
Caules semipedales, ancipites. Folia sesquipollicem longa, 1 lineam lata, 

glabra. Spica pollicaris breviorque. Bracteae 5 lineas longae. Flores 

flavescentes, sesquilineam longi ; Presl. 

8. Isochilus ? lancifolium. 

I. caule ancipiti vaginato apice triphyllo, foliis lanceolato-nervosis serru- 

latis plicato-nervosis apice tridentatis, spica disticha terminali reflexa, 

floribus bracteis inclusis. 
Elleanthus lancifolius. Presl. Reliq. Hank. 97. 
Hab. in Guayaquil; Presl. 
Caulis pedalis. Folia 4 pollices longa, vix 5 lineas lata. Vaginae tuber- 

culato-scabrae. Bracteas ovato-lanceolatas, longe acuminata?, floribus 

duplb longiores. Flores flavescentes ; Presl. 


Sepala membranacea, lateralia paulb majora, basi in saccum connata. 
Petala multb angustiora. Labellum posticum, membranaceum ; ungue 
concavo cum basi producta sepalorum lateralium articulato, ascendente, 
lamina refracta lineari subsagittata truncata subemarginata. Columna 


semiteres cum ovario continua. Anthera bilocularis. Polhma 4, col- 

lateralia, caudiculis reflexis. Herba epiphyta, caule erecto, tereti, 

simplici, filiformi. Folia linearia subulata canaliculata secunda. Ra- 
cemi subbiflori terminales. Flores parvi. Bracteae ovatae acuta;. 

I. Ponera juncifolia. 
Epidendrum graminifolium. Pavon. Mss. 
Hab. in Mexico ; . Pavon. [exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 
Caules palmares. Folia vaginis minutissime verrucosis. Racemus ex 
axilla folii terminals quadruplo quintuplove longioris. 


Brassavola. R. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 216. 

Sepala et petala subeequalia, libera, acuminata. Labellum cucullatum, 
integrum, columnam involvens. Columna marginata, clavata, stigma e 
infundibulari, clinandrio postice tridentato. Pollinia 8, subaequalia, 
quibusdam aliis parvis interjectis. Anthera 4-locularis, septis margi- 

natis, loculis semibipartitis. Herbae caulescentes, epiphytae, apice 

folium unicum v. alterum, semicylindraceum, carnosum, supra sulcatum, 
apice subulatum, gerentes. Flores terminales, magni, speciosi. 

1. Brassavola cucullata. R. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 216. 

B. labello cucullato fimbriato apice integro petalis sepalisque acuminatis- 

Helleborine floribus albis cucullatis. Plum. Sj>. 9. ic. 179./. 1. 
Epidendrum cucullatum. Linn. Sp. PI. 1350. Bot. Mag. 543. 
Cymbidium cucullatum. Swartz Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 73. 

Hab. in India Occidentali. 

Flores solitarii ochroleuci labello albo. 

2. Brassavola tuberculata. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 2878. 

B. labello oblongo cuspidato integerrimo, sepalis pedunculo ovarioque 

tuberculatis, dentibus clinandrii fimbriatis. 
Hab. in Brazilia ad Rio Janeiro j Hooker, Forbes, (v. v. c. et hab. s. sp.) 
Folia saepius tribus sidcis exarata. Sepala rubro-fusco maculata. Petala 

et labellum alba. Flores inodori. 

Dr. Hooker's figure in the Botanical Magazine is excellent, and particu- 
larly well represents the rare circumstance of a few additional minute pollen 
masses being found with the usual ones. I formerly called this Brassavola 
trinervis, under which name it was distributed by the Horticultural Society- 

3. Brassavola nodosa. 

B. labello cordato acuminato integerrimo, sepalis petalisque acuminata 

brevibus, dentibus lateralibus clinandrii kitegris postica bifida. 
Epidendrum curassavicum Orcbidi affiue. Ilerm. Parav. 187. /. 187. 
Viscum delphinii flore minus, &c. Stotme Jam. 1. 251. t. 125./. 1. 

Epidendrum nodosum, /.inn. Sp. PL 1350. Jacq. Amtr. 22ti. t. 140. Swartz Obs. 32* 
( ymbidmm nodosum. Swartz Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 73. Willd. no. 24. 

Hab. in sylvis insulas Baru, Jacquin, Jamaica:; Sloane. 


Planta pedalis speciosa. Flores sessiles, magni, elegantes, de die fere in- 
odori, noctu autem odore praediti fragrantissimo, vix ulli cedente, quid- 
dam habente Lilii albi, nectarium (labellum) gerunt niveum, et germen 
petalaque subflavescentia; Jacquin. 

4. Brassavola subulifolia. 

B. labello integro, sepalis petalisque acuminatissimis, spica pauciflora, 

foliis longissimis subuliformibus. 
Hab. in insula Nevis ; Tobin. (v. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 
Caules teretes, graciles, 4-5-unciales, caespitosi, vaginis membranaceis 

cinereis arete vestiti. Folia palmaria et ultra, angustissima, acumina- 

tissima. Ovarium collo gracillimo longissimo. Flores foliis breviores. 

Caetera baud bene vidi. Species distinctissima. 


Sepala explanata, lanceolata, aequalia. Petala majora, paulb difformia, 
carnosa, explanata. Labellum posticum, 3-partitum, lamellatum, circa 
columnam convolutum. Columna aptera, carnosa, antice canaliculata. 

Anthera Pollinia 8, caudiculis quatuor elasticis. Herbae 

epiphytae, rhizomate pseudobolbophoro. Folia carnosa. Scapi termi- 
nates, pauci v. multiflori. Flores speciosi, odorati. 

Character ex descriptione Llavei ; genus videtur proprium, Cattleyae 
proximum, labello postico et polliniis 8 diversum. Phajo differt labello 
postico ecalcarato, foliisque carnosis in pseudobulbos insidentibus. An 
congener Cattleyae Domingensis ? 

1. Ljbiajl grandiflora. 

L. foliis laneeolatis, scapo 1-2-floro v. dichotomo, pseudobulbis pyrifor- 

Bletia grandiflora. Llave Nov. Veg. Descr. 2. 17. 

Hab. supra truncos arborum in tota provincia Michuacana Mexici, florens 
Maio et Junio ; Vernacul6 Lirio, Flor di Corpus ; Itzumaqua inter Mi- 
chuacanos ; Llave. 

Folia bina aut terna. Bracteae membranaceae, amplexicaules. Flos pur- 
purinus, spithamaeus, paululum odoratus. Sepala lanceolata. Petala 
ovata, majora, carnosa, venosa, lateraliter emarginata. Labellum pur- 
pureo-violaceum, ad basin et medium albicans, profundi 3-partitum ; 
lacinia intermedia maxima, emarginata, suberenata, limbo undulato 
purpurascente, prominentiis variis petaloideis lutescentibus sulcata, 
punctis coloratis diversimodfe maculata. Llave. 

2. L&lia autumnalis. 

L. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis carinatis arcuatis, scapo elongato multiftoro, 

pseudobulbis turbinatis sulcatis. 
Bletia autumnalis. Llave Nov. Veg. Descr. 2. 19. 
Hab. in montibus Vallisoleto Mexici urbi vicinis, florens autumno. Ver- 

naculfe Flor de los Santos; Llave. 
Pseudobulbi bipollicares. Folia bina aut tefna. Scapus tripedalis, pur- 

purascens, bracteis membranaceis cinctus. Flores fragrantissimi, dupld 

minores quam in praecedente. LAave. 
An Cattleya Domingensis, cujus pollinia et folia ignota, hue referenda? 



Cattleya. Lindl. Coll. Bot. tab. 33. 

Sepala membranacea v. carnosa, patentia, aequalia. Petala saepius majora. 
Labelluin cucullatum, columnam involvens, trilobum v. indivisum. Co- 
lumna clavata, elongata, semiteres, marginata, cum labello articulata. 
Anthera carnosa, 4-locularis, septorum marginibus membranaceis. Pol- 

linia 4, caudiculis totidem replicatis. Herbae epiphytse, (Americans) 

pseudobulbosae. Folia solitaria v. bina coriacea. Flores terminates, 

speciosissimi, saepe e spatha magna erumpentes. 

This genus passes into Broughtonia through C. Domingensis. 

1. Cattleya crispa. Lindl. 

C. sepalis lineari-obovato-lanceolatis acutis, petalis latioribus oblongo- 
lanceolatis undulatis erispis, labelli indivisi limbo ovato acuminato quam 
maxime undulato-crispato, pseudobulbis subeylindraceis angulatis, spa- 
tha magna foliacea. 

Cattleya crispa. But. Reg. t. 1 172. 

Hab. in Brazilia ; (v. v. c.) 

Flores maximi albi puri, labelli disco tantum purpureo. 

2. Cattleya labiata. Lindl. 

C. sepalis linearibus, petalis membranaceis lato lanceolatis acutis subun- 
dulatis, labello obovato undulato obtuso indiviso, pseudobulbis oblongis 
angulatis, spatha maxima foliacea. 

Cattleya labiata. Coll. Bot. tab. 33. Hooker Exot. Fl. 157. 

Hab. in Brazilia ; Swainson. (v. v. cult.) 

Flores maximi lilacini, disco labelli sanguineo. 

3. Cattleya Grahami. 

C. sepalis lanceolatis acutis, petalis oblongo-lanceolatis obtusiusculis un- 
dulatis triplo latioribus membranaceis, labelli trilobi marginibus eden- 
tulis : lobo medio maximo piano subrotundo. 

Hab. in Mexico; Dom. Graham. {hab.Jlorem singulum comm. eel. Grahamio.) 

Species spectatissima cujus flores tantum noti verosimiliter violacei, cou- 
colores, magnitudine C. labiata?. 

4. Cattleya maxima. 

C. sepalis lineari-lanceolatis obtusis, petalis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis 
undulatis triplb latioribus membranaceis, labelli oblongi trilobi lobo 
medio oblongo undulato alte emarginato. 

Hab. in Huayaquil; Ruiz et Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 
Flores maximi, verosimiliter violacei, expansione 7 unciarum ab apicc 
sepali posterioris ad emarginationem labelli. C. Grahami affinis : differt 
forma lobi medii corolla?, nee non floribus fere duplo majoribus. Folium 
oblongum, angustum, carnosum, utrinque obtusum. 

5. Cattleya Loddigesii. Lindl. 

C. sepalis lineari-oblongis petalis oblongis obtusis membranaceis paulb 
angustioribus, labelli trilobi lobis denticulatis : intermedio transverso 
undulato, pseudobulbis angustis cylindraceis, spatha magna foliacea. 


Epidendrum violaceum. Loddiges Bot. Cab. t. 337. 
Cattleya Loddigesii. Coll. Bot. tab. 37. 

Hab. in Brazilia. (v. i\ c.) 

Flores lilacini, labello pallidiore, apice albido, macula nulla disci, per axia 

6. Cattleya intermedia. Graham. 

C. sepalis petalisque lineari-oblongis obtusiusculis subsequalibus, labelli 
trilobi lobis denticulatis : intermedio cordato rotundato in disco macu- 
lato, pseudobulbis clavatis compressis, spatha herbacea. 

Cattleya intermedia Graham i?i Bot. Mag: t. 2851. 

Hab. in Brazilia ; Prof. Graham. 

Flores lilacini, labello pallidiore in disco sanguineo. 

I adopt this species in deference to the opinion of Drs. Graham and 
Hooker, not having had an opportunity of seeing the plant myself. From 
the beautiful figure of the latter, it appears to differ from C. Loddigesii in 
nothing but having the middle lobe of the lip rounder, and the disk stained 
with purple. No dependence is to be placed upon the proportion between 
the length of the scape and the peduncle ; that character being very much 
affected by the degree of vigour of the individual. 

7« Cattleya Forbesii. Lindl. 

C. sepalis petalisque subundulatis lineari-lanceolatis subaequalibus, labelli 
trilobi lobo medio cordato subrotundo-ovato argute dentato undulato 
apiculato : lateralibus minoribus rotundatis planis, pseudobulbis cylin- 
draceis cinereis vestitis, spatha cylindracea membranacea pedunculo 

Cattleya Forbesii. Coll. Bot. t. 37. in textu. Bot. Reg. t. 953. 

Hab. in Brazilia prope Sebastianopolim ; Forbes, (v. v. cult.) 

Sepala et petala viridi-lutea. Labellum album intus luteum rubro veno- 
sum et punctatum ; per axin lineis duabus elevatis. 

8. Cattleya citrina. 

C. floribus carnosis pendulis, sepalis ovatis, petalis angustioribus emar- 
ginatis crenulatis, labelli trilobi lobo intermedio undulato emarginato, 
pseudobulbis turbinatis. 

" Corticoatzontecoxochitl. Hernand. Mex. 1. p. 240." 
Sobralia citrina. Llave Nov. Veg. Descr. 2. 21. 

Hab. supra arbores in montibus Vallisoleto, urbi Mexici, proximis, florens 

Maio et Aprili ; vernacule Tatzingueni ; Llave. 
Folia glaucescentia. Flores bini v. solitarii, citrini, odoratissimi, con- 

colores ; labelli lobo medio venoso. 

9. Cattleya elatior. 

C. sepalis petalisque oblongis aequalibus acutis, labelli trilobi lobis latera- 
libus rotundatis : intermedio piano cuneato unguiculato apice bilobo. 

Hab. in Brazilia. (v. v. cult.) 

Caules caeteris elatiores. Flores magnitudine C. Forbesii. Sepala luteo- 
rosea. Petala rosea. Labellum lobis lateralibus albis, intermedio roseo ; 
axis elevatus, carnosus, 7 striatus. 


10. Cattleya guttata. Lindl. 

C. floribus carnosis, sepalis lineari-oblongis obtusis, petalis conformibus 
paulo latioribus undulatis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus ovatis obtusis : 
intermedio cuneato obcordato disco tuberculato, foliis concavis, spatha 
obsoleta. Bot. Reg.fol. 1406. 

Hab. in Brazilia. (v. v. cult.") 

Flores pallida virides sanguineo guttati. Labelli lobi laterales albi, in- 
termedins purpureus, lineis disci purpurei tuberculatis. C. elatiori 

1 1 . Cattleya Domingensis. 

C. sepalis lineari-lanceolatis acutis petalis oblongis obtusiusculis triplo 
angustioribus, labello indiviso obovato obtuso plicato-crispo, scapo 
tereti squamoso apice racemoso multifloro basi bulboso. 

Hab. supra arbores in insula St. Domingo ; Mackenzie, (hab. .<?. spont. comm. 
eel. Mackenzie.) 

Folia ignota. Flores verosimiliter violacei, in genere minores, membra- 
nacei. Scapus bipedalis, teres. Facies Brougbtonise sed character 


Broughtonia. R. Drown in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 217. 

Sepala angusta, patentia, lateralia basi obliqua, cum labelli basi connata 
et decurrentia. Petala latiora. Labellum indivisum, ascendens, basi 
columnar adnatum, in calcare lineari, mellifluo, ovario connato decurrens. 
Columna brevis, crassa, apice dilatata. Anthera 4-locularis, septorum 

marginibus membranaceis. Pollinia 4, caudiculis replicatis. Herba 

epiphyta, pseudobulbosa, foliis carnosis, scapo terminali multifloro. 
This genus differs essentially from Cattleya not only in its habit, but 
also in the presence of a spur adhering to the ovarium, and to the decur- 
rent front edge of the lateral sepals. It is true that the presence or 
absence of such a spur is accounted of no importance in Epidendrum* 
but in that genus it is unattended by other characters either of structure 
or habit. 

Mr. Brown seems to be acquainted with other species of Broughtonia, 
but as I am in possession of no other than B. sanguinea I have not thought 
it advisable to retain his specific diagnosis. Tetramicra, which agrees 
with Broughtonia in its cuniculate ovarium, is I think essentially distinct. 

1. Broughtonia sanguinea. R. Br. 

Viscum radice bulbosft minus, &c. Sloane Jam. 119. Hist. 1. 250. 1. 121./. 2. 

Satvrium parasiticus, &c. Brown Jam. 324. 

Epidendrum sanguineum. Swarts Prodr. 124. 

Dendrobium sanguineum. Swarts Ft. Ind. Occ. 1529. Willd. no. 3. 

Broughtonia sanguinea. R. Br. I. c. Loddiges Bot. Cab. t. 793. 

Hab. non procul a litoribus Oceani Jamaicam alluentis, in arboribus ve- 

tustis Bombacis, Rhizophorae, Conocarpi, &c. ; Swartz. (v. v. c.) 
Pseudobulbi aggregati, ovati, compressi, nitidi. Scapus terminalis pedalis 

et ultra, racemosus. Flores toti purpureo-sanguinei. Pollinia alba. 

Labellum subrotundum, cordatum, truncatum, margine erosum, basi 

luteum, venis purpureis pictum. 



Sepala et petala lineari-oblonga, patentia, subaequalia. Labellum expla- 
natum, tripartitum, cum columna parallelum, lacinia intermedia sub- 
unguiculata disco lineata ; calcare ovario connate Columna alata, in 
labellum prona. Anthera 8-locularis, loculis 4 minoribus. Pollinia 8, 

quorum 4 minima, per caudiculas quatuor cohaerentia. Scapus lon- 

gus, teres, squamosus, apice racemosus. Folia brevia, linearia, carnosa, 

Spathoglotti et Bletiae valde affinis ; priore differt labelli lobo medio basi 
non tuberculato, secundo labello tripartita explanato, ambobus foliis 
carnosis nee plicatis, et polliniis 4 subobsoletis. Broughtonia distin- 
guitur anthera 4-ioculari, dissepimentis membranaceo-marginatis, pol- 
liniis 4, et collo ovarii valde elongato. 

1 . Tetbamicra rigida. 

Cymbidium rigidum. Willd. no. 48. 

Helleborine foliis rigidis angustis. Plum. Sp. 9. ic. 181./. 1. 

Hab. in Hispaniola ; Dom. Mackenzie, (hab. s. sp.) 

Scapus gracilis, erectus, bipedalis. Folia 4-uncialia. Labelli laciniae la- 
terales oblongae rotundatae ; intermedia angustior, spatulata, rotundata, 


Spathoglottis. Blume Bijdr. 400. tabellen 76. 

Sepala patentia, libera, aequalia. Petala paulb latiora magisque membra- 
nacea, patentia v. conniventia. Labellum cum basi columnar articula- 
tum, nunc saccatum, tripartitum, lacinia intermedia unguiculata basi 
tuberculata v. cristata saepius utrinque unidentata. Columna alata v. 

petaloidea. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 8. Herbae Asiaticae, ter- 

restres, cormis subterraneis, foliis ensifbrmibus plicatis. Flores vero- 
similiter lutescentes. 

This genus is distinguished from Bletia by the middle segment of the 
deeply three parted lip being unguiculate with two tubercles or lamellae at 
its base, and by its two-celled anther. 

1. Spathoglottis plicata. Blume. 

S. racemo multifloro, bracteis petaloideis lanceolatis coloratis, sepalis 
ovatis acutis patentibus, petalis oblongis obtusis conniventibus, labelli 
laciniis lateralibus cuneato-oblongis truncatis : intermedia unguiculata 
cuneata retusa basi bituberculata utrinque unidentata. 

Spathoglottis plicata. Blume Bijdr. p. 401. tab. 76. 
Bletia angustata. Gaudich. Voy. p. 421. tab. 32. 

Hab. in locis sylvaticis insula? Java, Blume ; in Penang, Wallich ; in 
Luzonibus, Gaudichaud. {hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-IndicoJ) 

Folia plura, ensiformia, plicata. Scapus nunc bipedalis, multifloris, nunc 
sesquipedalis 2-florus. Labellum ad ax i lias tuberculorum pilosum. 
Sepala, petala, et bracteae post anthesin grandescunt. Columna elongata, 
semiteres, apice inflexa. 
Aug. 1831. r 

120 epidendrejE. 

2. Spathoglottis pubescens. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. no. 3744. 

S. foliis binis lineari-lanceolatis basi angustatis striatis scapo erecto lon- 
gioribus, racemo secundo, bracteis minutis acutis, sepalis ovatis acutis, 
petalis oblongis obtusis, labelli basi saccati laciniis lateralibus oblongis 
erectis : intermedia tricarinata basi bituberculata cuneata parum longiore, 
pedunculis sepalis ovariisque pubescentibus. 

Hab. in Prome, monte Taong Dong et alpibus Sillet ; Wallich. (hab. $■ sp. 
e Museo Anglo-Indico et v. ic. pict.) 

Tuber nucis avellanae magnitudine, subdepressus. Folia bina, lineari- 
lanceolata, utrinque acuminata, scapo breviora. Scapus radicalis, as- 
cendens, pubescens, sesquipedalis, squamis paucis distantibus obtusis 
vaginatus. Racemus 2-8-florus, secundus. Flores sordide lutei. k a * 
bellum basi subviolaceum. 

3. Spathoglottis ixioides. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. no. 3745. 

S. foliis binis lineari-lanceolatis basi angustatis scapi unibiflori longitudme, 
bracteis vaginantibus obtusis, sepalis ovatis acutis petalisque oblongis 
undulatis patentibus, labelli ventricosi saccati laciniis lateralibus erectis 
apice angustatis obtusis : intermedia minore cuneata basi bidentata 
ungue bilamellata. 

Cymbidium ixioides. Don Prodr. Nep. 36. 

Hab. in Gossain Than ; Wallich. {hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico.) 

Cormi pisi magnitudine. Scapus 3-4-uneialis. Flores diametro unciau. 
Colnmna petaloidea. Lamellae labelli utrinque pilosae. 

4. Spathoglottis ? trivalvis. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. no. 3742. 
Hab. ad Singapur ; Wallich. {hab. s. sp. defloratum e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 
Species vix nota, hue ex autoritate cl. Wallichii relata. Flores ignoti* 
racemosi. Capsula fabae equina? magnitudine, 3-valvis, valvis oblongis 
intermediis nullis. Folia bina, linearia, obtusa, scapo subramoso erecto 
multo breviora. 


Bletin. Fl. Peruv. Sytt. 229. Gyas. Salisbury in Act. Hort. Sac. 1. 261. 

Sepala patentia, aequalia. Petala nunc patentia, nunc conniventia, sepalis 
subaequalia. Labellum cucullatum, cum columna articulatum, nunc 
basi saccatum, trilobum, disco saepius lamellato v. tuberculato. Columna 
elongata, semiteres. Anthera carnosa, 8-locularis. Follinia 8, aequalia. 

caudiculis 4 pulvereis cohaerentia. Herbae subterrestres, foliis ensi- 

formibus plicatis, scapis racemosis multifloris, floribus ssepius speciosis. 
Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1401. 

Phajo differt labello ecalcarato, cum labello articulato, saepios trilobo, et 
habitu peculiari ; Spatboglotti accedit per Bletiam coccineam. 

1. Bletia catenulata. Fl. Per. 

B. sepalis oblongo-lanceolatis, petalisque ovato-lanceolatis patentibus, la- 
belli cucullati lobis lateralibus rotundatis abbreviatis : intermedia sub- 
rotundo emarginato convexo unguiculato, foliis lanceolatis. 

Bletin. Fl. Prrnr. Prodr. t. 26. catenuUtn. Fl. Prmr. Sy*t. ;». 229. 


Hab. in montibus et runcationibus Pozuzo, et Chaclla, versus St. Domingo 
et Llamapafiaui Peruvia? tractus ; Ruiz et Pavon. (adest in Herb. Lambert.) 

Characterem ad iconem Florae Peruviana? et exemplar defoliatum innomi- 
natum in herbario Lambertiano confeci ; an recte ? Icon exemplari 
satis respondet, et exemplar diagnosi Florae Peruviana?. 

2. Bletia florida. R. Br. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 206. 

B. sepalis ovali-lanceolatis obtusiusculis subpatentibus, petalis latioribus 
obtusis supra columnam fornicatis, labelli disco costis quinque rectis 
indivisis : lobis lateralibus rotundatis abbreviatis, intermedio cuneato 
crispo lamellis tribus undulatis apice abruptis, scapo simplici radicali, 
foliis ensiformibus, Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1401. 

Cymbidium floridum. Salisb. Prodr. 9. 

Gyas florida. Salisb. in Act. Soc. Hort. 1. 261. 

Bletia pallida. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 629. 

Hab. in Trinidad ; Loddiges. (v. v. c.) 

Flores pallide carnei. 

In the Botanical Register I have pointed out the differences between 
this and B. verecunda, and also explained my reasons for rejecting the sy- 
nonym of Redoute quoted by Mr. Brown, and for considering B. pallida 
as the real B. florida. 

3. Bletia verecunda. R. Br. in Hort. Kew. 5. 206. 

B. sepalis ovatis acutis subpatentibus, petalis oblongis obtusis supra co- 
lumnam fornicatis, labelli lobo medio latiore quam longo undulato : 
disci costis plurimis crispis nunc ramosis, scapo radicali ramoso, foliis 

Helleborine radice arundinacea, foliis plicatis. Plum. Sp. 9. ic. 189. 

Helleborine Americana, &c. Mart. Cent. t. 50. Mill. ic. 145. 

Limodorum altum. Linn. Syst. Veg. 680. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 3. t. 602. Swartx Ob*. 323. 

Hot. Mag. 930. 
Limodorum verecundum. Salisb. Prodr. 9. 
Limodorum tuberosum. Jacq. Coll. 4. 108. 
Limodorum trifidum. Mich. Amer. 159. 

Cymbidium verecundum. Swart z Nov. Act. 6. 75. Willd. no. 43. 
Cymbidium altum. Willd. no. 44. Pers. Syn. 2. 516. 
Limodorum purpureum. Redout. Lit. 83. 
Gyas verecunda. Salisb. in Act. Soc. Hort. 1. 261. 

Hab. in India Occidentali. (hab. s. c. et v. v. c.) 

Sepala purpurea extus pallid iora. Petala purpurea. Labelli purpurei 

costae luteae nunc ramosae, nunc omninb simplices, margo pallidior. 

Pollinia vix cereacea, potius cereaceo-pulverea. 

The character of the ribs of the disk of the labellum being branched in 
this species, as stated by Mr. Brown in the Hortus Kewensis, is inconstant. 

With regard to the union of Cymbidium altum with Cymbidium vere- 
cundum ; the former was introduced by Willdenow upon the supposition 
that its labellum was destitute of ribs, and that the figure given by 
J. Bunnann in his edition of Pluinier was a faithful one at least in general 
character. It is however evident from Plumier's drawings, of which 
I have examined copies in Mr. Lambert's Herbarium, that Burmann's 
figure is execrable, and that the plant discovered by Plumier is in no re- 
spect different from Cymbidium verecundum. 

Another blunder has been committed by the same Burmann and co- 
pied without comment by others, which is of less importance, but rather 


more curious. He makes Plumier call the ensiform leaves of this species 
lyrate ! In the collection of Plumier there are two drawings, one of the size, the other reduced j on one of them is written foliis licatis, an 
obvious clerical error for plicatis ; on the other foliis liratis, a further mis- 
take of the same nature. 

4. Bletia hyacinthina. R. Br. 

B. sepal is petalisque lineari-oblongis patentibus, labello cucullato medio 
lamellato : laciniis crispis intermedia emarginata, bracteis subpetaloideis, 
racemo simplici paucifloro terminali foliis ensiformibus aequali v. parutn 

Li in of lorn in striatum. Thunb. Jap. 28. Ic. PL Jap. t. 9. 
Epidendrum striatum. Thunb. Act. Soc. Linn. 2. 327. 
Cyrobidium striatum. Swartz Nov. Act. 6. 77. Willd. no. 60. 
Cymbidiuni hyacinthinum. Smith Exot. But. 1. /. 60. Bot. Mag. 1492. 
Gyas humilis. Salisb. in Hort. Trans. 1. 261. 
Bletia hyacinthina. Brown, in Hort. Kew. 5. 206. 

Hab. in China, et Japonia ; Thunb. (hab. s. cult. v. v. c. et s. sp. in Herb. 

Scapus foliosus. Flores rosei, concolores. Bracteae roseae, margine vire- 


In the Hortus Kewensis the labellum is called imberbe ; it is however 
distinctly lamellate. There can be no doubt of Thunberg's synonym j but 
his figure is very bad ; Japanese specimens in Mr. Lambert's Herbarium 
establish the fact beyond controversy. 

5. Bletia speciosa. Kunth. 

B. scapo radicali subunitloro, sepalis lanceolatis reticulatis patulis, petalis 
paulb majoribus oblongis obtusis crenulatis, labelli trilobi lobo medio 
subrotundo-ovato obtuso crenulato, foliis lineari-oblongis, pseudobulbis 

Bletia speciosa. Hutnb. Bonpl. et Kunth. 2Vov. Gen. et Sp. 1.342. Synopsis 1.330. 
Hab. in locis calidis regni Mexicani juxtalittus Oceani Pacifici inter portum 
Acapulci et Playas de Coyuca, florens Februario ; Humboldt. 

Herba pcrasitica. Folia striata, tripollicaria, dimidium pollicem lata, va- 
ginantia. Scapus sexpollicaris, glaber. Calyx violaceus ? glaberrimus; 
sepala subtripollicariaj labelli lobus medius sesquipollicaris j ex Kunthio. 

6. Bletia campanulata. Have. 

B. sepalis petalisque lanceolatis subaequalibus campanulatis, labelli laciniis 
lateralibus convolutis : intermedia plana appendicibus petaloideis longi" 
tudinaliter sulcata j limbo undulato, foliis ensiformibus. 

" Tzacucochitl, setiflorida Tzautli. Hernandez Mexxc. v. I. p. 238. ed Madrit." 
Bletia campanulata. Have Nov. Veg. Desc. 2. 17. 

Hab. prope Vallisoletum urbem Mexici, versus Irapaeum et Acuitzium, 

florens Augusto ; Llave. 
Planta pedalis, gracillima. Flores purpureo-violacei ; petala albicantia ; 

labellum albo-violaceum j ex Llave. 

7. Bletia coccinea. Llave. 

B. sepalis petalisque subaequalibus, labelli tripartiti laciniis lateralibus 
convolutis : intermedia pendula profunde emarginata : costis tribus 
petaloideis, foliis binis ensiformibus scapo tereti broMonbus. 

epideiNdrejE. 123 

" Tonaloxochitl, sive Tzacuxocliitl altera. Hernand. Mexic. v. 1. p. 239. ed. Madrit." 
Bletia coccinea. Llave Nov. Veg. Descr. 2. 16. 

Hab. rarissime juxta Ttzitzium, prope Vallisoletum, urbem Mexici, supra 
radices arborum, florens Augusto : Llave. (adest in Herb. Lambertiano.) 

Bracteae breves aeuminatae. Flores dilute coccinei, velutini j ex Llave. 

Obs. Costse disci labelli ad basin lobi intermedii abrupte prominent ; hinc 
Spathoglottis faciem quodammodo induit. 

8. Bletia punctata. Llave. 

B. sepalis petalisque subaequalibus cuneiformibus, labelli trilobi lacinia 
intermedia latiore : limbo undulato, foliis lato-lanceolatis scapo bre- 

Bletia punctata. Llave Nov. Veg. Descr. 2. 15. 

Hab. supra arborum radices, in montibus Irapaei, Mexici, florens a Junio 
ad Augustum j Llave. 

Sepala et petala ferrugineo-virescentia, punctis purpureis variegata. La- 
bellum luteum eodem modo punctatum. Columna lineis rubris macu- 
lata. Scapus tripedalis, ferrugineus, punctis rubris maculatus ; ex Llave. 

9. Bletia capitata. R. Br. 

B. " labello prope basin intus callo adnato, caule folioso, floribus capitatis." 
R. Br. in Hort. Kew. 5. 206. 

Hab. in India Occidentali; R. Brown. 

10. Bletia obcordata. 

B. caulescens, sepalis petalisque linearibus sequalibus obtusis, labelli tri- 
lobi patuli lobis lateralibus abbreviatis rotundatis : intermedio obcor- 
dato, scapo laterali multifloro racemoso, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acu- 

Hab. in Sillet; Wallich. (v. ic. pict.) 

Caulis erectus pedalis. Folia 6 uncias longa, sesquiunciam lata, subquin- 
quenervia. Scapus foliis demissior, pedalis, basi squamis quibusdam 
laxis obtusis vaginatus. Flores parvi, longipedunculati, ocbracei, 
pedicellis capillaribus. Labellum rubro leviter venosum. 

U. Bletia tuberculosa. Spreng. Syst. 3. 744, 

B. sepalis ovato-lanceolatis acutis petalisque lineari-lanceolatis patentibus, 
labelli cucullati ventricosi apice trilobi laciniis crispis : intermedia 
Hiajore transversa emarginata basi trituberculata, foliis 

Limodorum tubcrculosum. Thouars tab. 31 . 

Hab. in Madagascar ; Thouars. 

Flores purpureo-lutei ; Thouars. 

!2. Bletia villosa. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. p. 42. 

B - sepalis petalisque angustioribus ovato-lanceolatis acutis patentibus, 

labello integerrimo subcordato undulato acuminato medio villoso, foliis 

elbpticis acutis. 
L»modoru m villosum. Thouars tab. 32. 

Hab. in Mauritio; Thouars. 


Flores purpurascentes ; labellum concavum, non cucullatum j columna 
libera. An omninb congener, cum differt labello integerrimo non cu- 
cullato ? 

13. Bletia aphylla. Nuttall Genera 2. 194. 

B. aphylla, labello trifido costato, scapo raeemoso squamoso. 

Hab. in Carolina, et Florida ; Nuttall. 

Species singularis Nuttallio tantum descripta, qui characterem fere nullum 
peculiarem demonstravit, nisi foliorura absentiam. 

14. Bletia latifolia. Gaudich. Voyage p. 421. 

B. " foliis lineari-lanceolatis striato-multinerviis (9-15) membranaceis 
planis scapum subaequantibus, scapo elongato simplici erecto multifloro.' 

Hab. in insulis Moluccis (Ravvak) ad terram ; Gaudichaud. 

An potius Spathoglottis ? 

Neta. Ad sunt praeterea in Systemate Florae Peruvianae et Chilensis species 
quatuor, imperitissime notatae, quarum duae auctoribus illius operis 
tantum ex iconibus Tafallae iunotuere. Has omnes praetermitto, prout 
mera scientias aenigmata. 


Sepala pubescentia, explanata, aequalia, lateralibus basi obliquis cum pede 
columnae connatis saccum mentientibus. Petala subaequalia. Labellum 
concavum, trilobum, lamellatum, columna parallelum, sed nullo modo 
convolutum, ungue brevi saccato cum basi producta columnae arti- 
culato. Columna elongata, semiteres, subclavata. Anthera membra- 
nacea, bilocularis, tuberculis duobus carnosis intus ad basin. Pollinia 8, 

quorum 4 minora, caudiculis pulvereis colligata. Herba terrestris, 

radice carnosa subbiloba, lateralibus fibrosis. Folia serotina, ensiformia, 
plicata. Scapus simplex, vaginatus. Flos solitarius, speciosus, ter- 

Genus notatu dignissimum ob radices carnosas bilobas Orchidis cujusdam 
ad instar, charactere insolito inter Orchideas polline cereaceo donatas. et 
inter Epidendreas plane ignoto, nisi forte in Apaturia cujus radices nondum 
visae sunt. Ab hoc genere, praeter habitum, differt sepalis explanatis, 
lateralibus basi obliquis cum pede columnae connatis. Bletia distin- 
guitur labello convoluto, anthera 2-nec 8-loculari, nee non sepalis late- 
ralibus aequilateris. 

1 . Ipsea speciosa. 

Hab. in montibus Zeylona, in apricis, rarissime, florens Novembri j Ma- 
crae, {hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

Radix media nucis castaneae magnitudine, succulenta, inaequaliter biloba, 
gemma solitaria in summo ; laterales fibrosae, succulentae, Orchidis 
cujusdam ad instar. Folia bina, basi vaginata, anguste ensiformia, 
palmaria. Scapus pedalis v. sesquipedalis, purpureus, pubescens, va- 
ginis quibusdam apice sub-foliaceis tomentosis. Flores saepius solitarn, 


nunc gemini, speciosi, lutei, unicolores, odoratissimi. Sepala pube- 
scentia, ferfe duas uncias longa, oblonga, lateralibus basi obliquis cum 
basi columnar producta connatis. Petala paulb angustiora, obtusa. 
Labelli lacinia media oblonga, obtusa, lamellis 5 distantibus, laterales 
lata?, acutae. Ovarium et columna pubescentes. Anthera villosa. 


Arundina. Blume Bijdr. p. 401. tabellen 73. 

Sepala lineari-lanceolata, aequalia, basibus paululum connatis, patula. La- 
bellum circa columnam convolutum, cum ea non articulatum, trilobum 
v. integrum, medio cristatum v. lineis quibusdam elevatis. Columna 
recta, cum labello parallela, semiteres, clavata. Anthera 4-locularis. 

Pollinia 8, aequalia. Herbae caulescentes, terrestres, foliis distichis 

ensiformibus plicatis. Flores purpurei, speciosi. 

Phajo differt prsecipue labello ecalcarato omnino libero, anthera 4-loculari, 
columna basi non producta, et foliis distichis. 

1. Arundina bambusifolia. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. no. 3751. 

A. labello intus lamellis duabus carnosis undulatis cristatis et altera recta 
intermedia breviore : lobis lateralibus abbreviatis integris subobsoletis, 
intermedio bilobo laciniis divaricatis crispis, petalis lanceolatis, foliis 

Cymbidium bambusifolium. Rexb. Hort. Beng. 63. 
Bletia graminifolia. JJon. Prodr. Fl. Nep. 29. 

Hab. in Napalia, Sillet, et Chittagong, Wallich. (hub. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- 

Caulis verosimiliter 2-3-pedalis Bambusa? facie. Folia ensiformia, acumi- 
nata, patentia, pedem longa, 6 lineas lata. Racemus multiflorus, foliis 
longior, subramosus. Bracteae ovata2, acutae, cucullatae. Flores speciosi. 
Labellum unciam et dimidiam longum. 

2. Arundina minor. 

A. labello intus lineis 3-5-elevatis integro apice obtuso undulato, petalis 
sepalis parum latioribus, foliis apice abrupte acutis. 

Hab. ad ripas fluvii Mahawelli Ganga in Zeylona, Macrae, {hab. s. sp. et ic. 

Herba terrestris, pedalis, caule simplici, stricto, basi in cormum dilatato. 
Folia 3 uncias longa, 2| lineas lata, apice triangularia acuta. Racemus 
pauciflorus foliis elatior. Bracteae ovatae, acutae, cucullatae. Petala et 
sepala lanceolata rosea. Labellum luteum, liberum, circa columnam con- 
volutum, apice roseum. 

3. Arundina Chinensis. Blume Bijdr. p. 402. 

A. " labello intus lineis 5 nudis cristato, limbi lobo medio rotundato." 

Hab. in Java, fort£ e China introducta, Blume ; prope Macao, Rev. G. H. 
Vachell. {hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Henslow.) 

Folia strictissuna, acuta, superiora 7 uncias longa 3 lineas lata. Racemus 
terminalis, folia vix excedens, subsexflorus. Bracteae rigidae, ovatae, 
cucullatae. Flores circa 15 lineas a basi ad apicem longi, speciosi. 


Sepala lineari-oblonga, obtusa. Petala duplb latiora, et paulo longiora, 
oblonga, utrinque angustata. Labellum magnum, ventricosum, lobis 
lateralibus maximis rotundatis undulatis intermedio rotundato bipartito. 
Talia video in exemplare Chinensi. An species Blumii omninb eadem? 
I have some doubt whether the Chinese species now described is the 
same as Blume's Arundina Chinensis. Of the peculiarities comprehended 
in his very brief diagnosis, one, the nature of the lines upon the disk of 
the labellum, cannot be ascertained in my specimens, and the other, the 
rounded form of the middle lobe of the limb, although in accordance with 
that of the plant before me, nevertheless not being connected with a refe- 
rence to the bipartite state of the same part, can by no means be said to 
be exactly recognized. I am however unwilling to create a new species 
out of materials so imperfect as mine. 

4. Arundina speciosa. Blume Bijdr. p. 401. t. 73. 

A. labello intus lineis 3 barbatis cristato, lobis integris subundulatis apice 
angustatis, intermedio multo longiore : ungue lato plicato, limbo latiore 
quam longo rotundato emarginato undulato, petalis lanceolatis. 

Hab. in lapidosis provinciarum Buitenzorg, Tjanjor, Krawang, &c. insula 
Java, Blume. 


Phajus. Loureir. Fl. Cochinch. 2.529. Pachyne. Satisb. in Act. Soc. Hort. 1.261. 

Sepala et petala subaequalia, patentia, libera. Labellum saepius cucullatum, 
cum basi columnae adnatum, calcaratum, integrum v. trilobum, saepi&s 
supra carinatum lamellosum v. cristatum. Columna erecta, cum ovario 
continua, semiteres, marginata, elongata. Anthera 8-locularis. Pollinia 

8, subaequalia.- Herbae terrestres, (Asiaticae) caulescentes v. acaules, 

foliis latis plicatis. Scapi radicales. Flores speciosi. 
From Bletia this genus is distinguished by the labellum being constantly 
connate with the base of the column and spurred, while in Bletia the la- 
bellum is constantly articulated with the column and never spurred. 

1. Phajus grandifolius. Loureiro. 

P. acaulis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, sepalis petalisque oblongo- 
lanceolatis intus discoloribus, labello oblongo cucullato integro crispo 
apice emarginato, calcare arcuato emarginato. 

Phajus grandifolius. Lour, Fl. Cochinch. 

Limodorum Tankervilliae. Hort. Kew. ed. 1. 3. t. 12. Willd. no. 1. 
Limodorum Incarvillei. Pers. Syn. 2. 520. 
Pachyne spectabilis. Satisb. in Hort. Trans. 1. 261. 

Bletia Tankervilliae. R. Br. in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 207. Bot. Mag. 1924. Illustration* 
of Orchideous ylants, passim. 

Hab. in China, (u. c. c.) 

Flores albi intus fusci. Labellum album intus aureo rubroque varium, 
supra bicarinatum. 

2. Phajos Wallichii. 

P. acaulis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, sepalis petalisque lanceolatis 
labelloque cucullato crispo integro acuminatissimis, calcare arcuato 
emarginata, bracteis acuminatis. Lindl. in Wall. PL As. Rar. vol. 2. p. «■ 
tab. 158. 


Phaius grandifolius. Lirull, in Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. no. 3747 nee Lour. 

Hab. in Sillet, Wallich. {hah. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico et v. ic. pict.) 

Facies omninb P. grandifolii cum quo male confudi. Sepala extils nivea 
intus fusca. Petala intus fusca, extus minus nivea. Labellum album, 
intus pallido flavo et rubore paululilm suffusum. 

In Dr. Wallich's Catalogue I committed what I now believe to have 
been an error, in referring 1 this to the Phaius grandifolius of Loureiro. In 
general appearance it bears much resemblance to it, but upon more full 
consideration I have come to the conclusion that the Sillet plant is to be 
distinguished by its very acuminate bracteae, sepals and petals, and also 
by the labellum not only having a point gradually tapering into a long 
point, as in Brassavola nodosa, but being also destitute of the rich yellow 
and red marking of the Chinese species. 

3. Phajus Blumei. 

P. '' sepalis acuminatissimis, labello intus bicristato, limbo semitrilobo, 
lobo medio maximo undulato, gynostemio subnudo." Blume Bijdr. p. 
374 sub Limodoro Incarvillei. 

Hab Cultus in hortis Java ; Blume. 

The above diagnosis applied by Dr. Blume to his Limodorum Incarvillei 

is so entirely at variance with Phaius grandifolius and with all others here 

described that I cannot doubt its belonging to a distinct species. 

4. Phajus veratrifolius. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. Herb. hid. no. 3746. 

P. caulescens, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis, sepalis petalisque 
lineari-oblongis acutiusculis, labello obovato-oblongo crispo integro re- 
pando apice emarginato, calcare recto conico obtuso. 

Dendrobium veratrifolium. Roxb. Hort. Beng. p. 63. 

Hab. in Sillet, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-lndico et v. ic. pict.) 

Pseudobulbi oblongi, nigro-virides. Caulis bipedalis. Folia immaculata. 
Scapus caule brevior. Bracteae obovato-lanceolatae. Sepala et petala 
pallide flava. Labellum luteum, non cucullatum, lobis lateralibus ob- 
soletis ab intermedio parvo emarginato vix distinguendis ; ergo integrum 
repandum dicitur. — Obs. Descriptio et diagnosis ab icone Wallichiano, 
cum exemplaria nimis sint imperfecta ad partes rite distinguendas. 
This must not be confounded with Limodorum veratrifolium of Rox- 
burgh, which is the type of the genus Calanthe. 

5. Phajus maculatus. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. Herb. 3748. 

P. caulescens, foliis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis maculatis, sepalis petalis- 
que oblongis obtusis, labelli trilobi lobis apice plicato-crenatis : latera- 
libus rotundatis intermedio ovato obtuso multb minoribus, calcare recto 
oblongo obtuso. 

n! e ! ia «? ra * WalL *■ BOL Anglo- Indica ic. 1 147. 
wetia Woodfordii. Hooker. Hot. Mag. t. 2719. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich ; nee in insula Trinitatis. {hab. s. sp. e Museo 

■dnglo-Indieo et v. ic. pict.) 
Caulis bipedalis. Pseudobulbi ovato-oblongi. Scapus radicalis, foliis 

duplo brevior 10-12-florus. Bracteae obovatae. Flores flavi. Labellum 

■d apices loborum fusco-purpureo marginatum et maculosum. Columna 


Aue. 1831. r 


There must have been some mistake on the part of Mr. Aiton, when he 
communicated this fine plant to Dr. Hooker as a native of Trinidad. The 
Nipalese specimens in Dr. Wallich's possession are indeed imperfect, but 
I have been permitted to examine a drawing in the possession of the East 
India Company, which supplies all deficiencies in the specimens, and 
which agrees entirely with the figure in the Botanical Magazine. I could 
not adopt Dr. Hooker's name without perpetuating an error, and that of 
Dr. Wallich is preoccupied by Dr. Blume ; this will I trust be considered 
a satisfactory explanation of a new specific name having been applied. 

6. Phajus bicolor. 

P. acaulis, foliis lanceolatis acuminatis, sepalis petalisque (angustioribus) 
lanceolatis acuminatis, labello cucullato ventricoso integro limbo obtuso 
cuspidato undulato, axi versus basin lamellis duabus planis, calcare cy- 
lindraceo arcuato apice emarginato ovarii longitudine. 

Hah. in pascuis siccis ad latera collium Zeylonce, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et v. 

ic. pict.) 
Scapus foliis elatior. Sepala et petala lutea. Labellum roseum calcare 


7. Phajus albus. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. no. 3749. 

P. caulescens, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis subtus glaucis, sepalis pe- 
talisque oblongo-lanceolatis acutis subaequalibus, labello oblongo cucul- 
lato denticulato apice rotundato : disco 5-cristato, calcare rectiusculo 
emarginato. Lindl. in Wallich. Plant. As. Rar. vol. 2. t. 198. 

Hab. in Napalia, et montibus Sillet, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- 
Indico et v. ic. pict.) 

Epiphytus. Caulis subbipedalis, foliis inferioribus minoribus, infernis 
squamseformibus. Racemus terminalis, 3-4-florus, foliis brevior. 
Bractea; magnae, herbaceae, oblongo-lanceolatae, concavae, ferfe floribus 
tequales. Flores albi, speciosi. Labellum fere 2 uncias et dimidiam 
longum, disco luteo, venis roseis. 

8. Phajus callosus. 

P. sepalis petalisque oblongis obtusiusculis subundulatis, labello cucullato 
trilobo plicato margine crispo : lobis lateralibus rotundatis intermedio 
bilobo brevioribus, apice bicalloso axi elevato carnoso, calcare recurvo 
obtuso emarginato, columna nudiuscula. 

Limodoriim callosum. Blume Bijdr. 374. tab. 61. 

Hab. in montosis Java, florens fere per totum annum ; Blume. 

9. Phajus flavus. 

P. '* subcaulescens, sepalis obtusis, labello semitrilobo intus tricristato : 
lobo medio cristato, gynostemio villosiusculo." Blume sub Limodoro. 
Limodoriim flaviim. Blume Bijdr. 375. 
Hab. in sylvis elatis montis ignivomi Gede insula Java ; Blume. 


Sepala patentia, subsequalia: lateralibus basi calcari adnatis j supremo cum 
petal is latioribus membranaceis parallelo, recurvo. Labellum posticutn 


calcaratum, planum, trilobum, disco cristate Columna brevis, alata, 

clavata. Anthera membranacea, bilocularis. Pollinia 8, sequalia. 

Herba Indica terrestris, foliis planis petiolatis plicatis. Scapus lermi- 
nalis. Flores minores. 

1. Cytheris cordifolia. Lindi. in Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. no. 3750. 

Hab. in montes Sillet, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo~lndico.) 

Herba spithamsea, caule tenui, vaginis laxis membranaceis vestito. Folia 
cordata, oblonga, acuminata, 5-plicata, longe petiolata. Bracteae li- 
neares, acutse. Calcar breve, clavatum, obtusissimum. Labellum ob - 

longum, basi angustatum, lobis lateralibus intermedio multb 

minoribus integris, medio lineis tribus approximatis elevatis subundu- 
latis, apice liberis. 


Callostylis. Blume Bijdr. 340. tabellen 74. 

Sepala erecto-patentia, lateralibus subtus connatis. Petala paul5 angus- 
tiora. Labellum parvum, integrum, disco callosum, patens, irritabile, 
cum basi calloso incurvo columnar articulatum. Columna incurva, 
clavata, libera. Anthera 2-locularis, loculis 4-ldcellatis. Pollinia 8, 

compressiuscula, caudiculis elasticis connata. Herba epiphyta, cau- 

lescens. Caules radiciformes, pseudobolbophori. Folia rigida, lanceo- 
lata, oblique retusa. Scapi terminales, spicato-multiflori. 

Character ex Blume. 

1- Callostylis rigida. Blume I. c. 

Hab. in sylvis altioribus montium Salak, Gede, Pantjar, Burangrang, in- 
sulae Java: ; Blume. 


Sepala et petala lineari-lanceolata, aequalia, conniventia. Labellum cum 
basi columna? (nunc producta) in calcar v. saccum connatum, trilobum, 
planum, medio lamellatum. Columna alata, elongata, erecta. Anthera 

6-8-locularis. Pollinia 8, quorum 4 in specie altera minora. Herbaj 

(habitu Eulophiee) epiphytse, rhizomate repente. Folia plicata, mem- 
branacea, solitaria. Scapi multiflori. 

Of the two species, of which this genus at present consists, one has the 
labellum completely calcarate, with no elongation of the base of the co- 
lumn ; the other has it attached in a slight degree only to the elongated 
base, with which it forms a little sac ; the latter has the pollen masses of 
equal size, and eight cavities in the anther for their reception ; the former 
has two pair of the pollen masses much less than the others, and only 6 
cells in the anther, of which four are for the four larger masses, and two 
for the two smaller pairs. In this respect Ania approaches Ceratium which 
is however very different in other respects. 

1. Axja angustifolia. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. no. 3740. 

A. folio lanccolato petiolato scapi longitudinc, labello calcarato apice tri- 


lobo lobis lateralibua dentiformibus intermcdio rhomboideo majore, 
lamellis disci tribus mediis continuis duabus lateralibus interruptis. 

Hab. in Tavoy, WalUch. {hub. s. sp. e Museo Anglo -Indico.) 
Pollinia 4 minora. Calcar breve, obtusum. Anthera 6-locularis. Scapus 
sesquipedalis. Petala cylindrum fere formantia. 

2. Ania latifolia. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. no. 3741. 

A. folio oblongo plicato scapo breviore, labello unguieulato cum basi 
producta columnar in saccum connato trilobo : lobis lateralibus obtusis 
intermedio subrotundo-ovato acnto brevioribus, lamellis unguis tribus 
truncatis infra sinus loborum desinentibus lobi medii quinque denticu- 
latis : lateralibus brevioribus. 

Hab. in rnontibus Sillet, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico.) 

Scapus bipedalis. Pollinia aequalia. Antbera 8-locularis. Petala sub- 


Ceratium. Blume Bijdr. 341. tabellen 46. 

Sepala subringentia, lateralibus ungui columnae oblique insertis, erecto- 
pateutibus. Petala breviora erecto-conniventia. Labellum concavum, 
intus cristatum, cum ungue columnae articulatum, adscendens : limbo 
semitrilobo, undulato, fornieato. Anthera 4-locularis. Pollinia 8, quo- 
rum 4 obsoleta, caudiculis elasticis colligata. Capsula siliquaeformis. 

> Herba epiphyta, caulescens. Caules simplices. Folia sessilia, 

lanceolata, coriacea. Spicae oppositifoliae, solitariae. Flores bracteati. 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Ceratium compressum. Blume I. c. 

Hab. in sylvis primaevis montium Gede et Salak insular Java ; Bluine. 


Sepala patula, pubescentia, lateralibus nunc majoribus basi obliquis. Petala 
angustiora, patentia. Labellum unguiculatum, cum basi magis minusve 
producta columnae articulatum, basi ventricosum, carnosum, apice tri- 
lobum, disco cristato. Columna teres, clavata, arcuata, clinandrio alato. 

Anthera 4-8-locularis. Pollinia 8. Herbae terrestres, aphyllae. Scapi 

vaginis scariosis filamentosis vestiti. Bracteae membranaceae. Flores 
racemosi, penduli, pubescentes. 

Trichotosiae proxima, habitu diversissimo et labello basi inflato distincta. 

1. Apaturia senilis. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. no. 3/39. 

A. petalis lineari-oblongis : venis tribus distantibus, labelli lobis laterali- 
bus subfalcatis, intermedio ovato undulato pauld longiore : lineis tribus 
glandulosis quarum laterales majores elevatae ad apicem labelli secus 
marginem excurrunt. 

Hab. in rnontibus Sillet, Wallich; in Uligapur et Kalegung, Hamilton, (hab. 
s. sp, e Museo Anglo- Indico.) 


Scapus pedalis. Bractese lanceolatae. Sepala 5 lineas longa, ovato-ob- 
longa, obtusa. 

This resembles A. Smithiana in appearance so much as to be likely to 
be confounded with it. To the above characters which will I hope dis- 
tinguish it, may be added the much less crowded racemes and larger 

1. Apaturia Smithiana. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. no. 3737- 

A. petalis spatulatis unguiculatis in medio 3-veniis, labelli lobis lateralibus 
obtusis, intermedio subrotundo emarginato : lineis quinque elevatis un- 
dulatis in medio lobi medii clavatlm desinentibus. 

Hab. ad Kudjurea-ghaut, in regno Oude, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo 

Scapus sesquipedalis. Racemus multiflorus. Bracteae subulatae longis- 
sima;. Sepala 4 uncias longa, ovata, acuta, subasqualia. 

3. Apaturia Chinensis, 

A. petalis lineari-oblongis univentis, labello trilobo : lobis obtusis aequa- 
libus intermedio apiculato, lineis disci 5 aequalibus crispatulis intra 
apicem tantum lobi medii desinentibus. 

Hab. in China prope Macao, Reverendus Dominus G. H. Vachel. (hab. s. 
sp. commun. eel. Henslow.) 

Scapus pedalis. Sepala semunciam longa, ovata, acuta, patula. Petala 
longiora, patentissima. Pollen ignotum. 

4. Apaturia montana. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. Herb. Ind. no. 3738. 

A. petalis linearibus univeniis, labelli lobis lateralibus acutis intermedio 

ovato concavo ciliato brevioribus, lineis 5 disci cristatis undulatis. 
Hab. in summo monte Nuera Ellia, Zeylona, Macrae, (hab. s. sp.) 
Apicem scapi tantum vidi. Sepala semunciam longa ; lateralia duplo 
latiora. Labellum magis ventricosum et columna magis basi productum 
quam in caeteris. Pollen ignotum. 


Trichotosia. Blume Bijdr. 342. tabellen 11. 

Sepala pubescentia, lateralibus ungui columna; adnatis, calcar mentientibus. 
Petala conformia, glabra. Labellum unguiculatum, ungui columnae 
basi adnatum, limbo sublobato v. integerrimo. Columna basi lon- 
giiis producta. Anthera 2-locularis, loculis 4-partitis. Pollinia 8, ope 

materiei elasticae pulvereae cohaarentia. Herbas epiphytae, caule- 

scentes, pilosiusculae. Caules simplices. Folia sessilia, coriacea, v. sub- 
carnosa. Pedunculi oppositifolii, solitarii, pauciflori. Flores bracteati. 

Character ex Blume. An pollen recte descriptum ? 

1. Trichotosia microphylla. Blume. 

T. " pubescens ; foliis carnosis ovalibus acutis, pedunculo oppositifolio 

unifloro tribracteolato, labelli limbo patente obtuso integerrimo." 

Blume I. c. 
Hab. in arboribus prope Tjitjalobak ad montem Salak, insulae Java; Blume. 


2. Trichotosia annulata. Blume. 

T. " caulibus ad insertionem foliorum pilis ferrugineis annularis, foliis 
lineari-lanceolatis acuminatissimis glabriusculis, labelli limbo rotundato- 
patente." Blume I. c. 

Hab. in sylvis altis ad montem Salak, insulae Java: ; Blume. 

Flores albidi, labelli limbo sulphureo, anthera atropurpurea ; Bl. 

3. Trichotosia ferox. Blume. 

T. " rubro-pilosa ; foliis lanceolatis, pedunculis flexuosis, labelli limbo 
patente, bilobo." Blume I. c. 

Hab. in sylvis opacis montis Salak, insulae Javce ; Blume. 

4. Trichotosia pauciflora. Blume. 

T. " pubescens, foliis lanceolatis, pedunculis paucifloris, labelli limbo 
erecto emarginato." Blume I. c. tab. 1 1 . 

Hab. in arboribus ad montem Pantjar, insulae Javce ; Blume. 


Tainia. Blume Bijdr. 354. tabellen 48. 

Sepala ringentia, acuminatissima, lateralibus labello suppositis ungui co- 
lumnae adnatis. Petala conformia. Labellum columna articulatum, 
indivisum, acuminatum, intus lineatum, sepalis minus. Columna semi- 
teres, basi producta. Anthera subcarnosa, incomplete 8-locularis. 

Pollinia 8, ope materiei pulvereae elasticae cohaerentes, Herba ter- 

restris, glabra, caulibus radicantibus. Folia membranacea, plicata, longe 
petiolata, petiolis basi bulboso-tumidis. Scapus lateralis spicato-multi- 

Character ex Blume. An pollen recte descriptum ? 

1. Tainia speciosa. Blume I. c. 

Hab. in umbrosis montis Salak, insulae Java; Blume. 


Plocoglottis. Blume Bijdragen 380. tabellen 21. 

Flores ringentes. Sepala majora, lateralibus sub labello inferne connatis. 
Petala apice incurva. Labellum basi utrinque cum plicis membranaceis 
infiexis columnae connatum } limbo convexo indiviso patente demum 
erecto. Columna superne libera. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 4, ro- 
tunda, caudiculis duabus longis replicatis. Herba terrestris. Folia 

in petiolo tumido solitaria, oblongo-lanceolata, plicata. Scapus radi- 
cals, erectus, multiflorus. Flores pedicellati, bracteolati. 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Plocoglottis Javanica. Blume I. c. 

Hab. locis umbrosis et humidis ad pedes montium Salak, Pantjar, &c in- 
sulae Javce. ; Blume. 



Note. The total number of Orchideous plants belonging to the Tribe 
Epidendreae is as follows 5 

Described 149 
Doubtful 4 

Total 153 
Their geographical arrangement is thus : 

Names of the 

48. Collabium . 

49. Epidendrum 

50. Dinema 

51. Encyclia . 

52. Isochilus . 

53. Ponera . . 

54. Brassavola . 
Lselia . . 

56. Cattleya . 
5". Broughtonia 

58. Tetramicra 

59. Spathogrlottis 

60. Bletia . . 

61. Ipsea . . 

62. Arundina 

63. Phaius . . 

64. Cytheris . . 

65. Callostylis . 

66. Ania . . . 

67. Ceratium . 

68. Apaturia . 

69. Trichotosia 

70. Talnia . . 

71. Plocoglottis 


16 4 



Tribe III. Vandeae. 

Orchide/e, Tribus Vande*. Lindl. Orch. Sceletos. 

Pollen in massas cereaceas (pollinia) definitas cohaerens, sub anthesi la- 
mellae elasticae (caudiculae) et glandulae stigmatis agglutinatas. Anthera 
terminalis, rarb dorsalis, opercularis. Herbae epiphytae v. terrestres, 
nunc (praesertim in Americanis) pseudobulbis oligophyllis gaudentes, 
nunc (praesertim in Asiaticis) caulescentes ; fere omnes intra tropicos 

The presence of the elastic or transparent strap called caudicula, which 
separates along with the gland of the stigma about the period of impreg- 
nation, and forms a strict adhesion with the pollen masses, forms the dis- 
tinctive character of this tribe. In Epidendreae the caudicula is present, 
but in neither those nor in Malax ideae, the only tribes with which V'andeae 
can be easily confounded, is there any separation of the gland from the 
stigma. In some genera of Vandeae such as Cymbidium, there is no dis- 
tinction between the caudicula and the gland ; but the spontaneous sepa- 
ration of the latter sufficiently indicates the real affinity of such genera. 
Through Calanthe we have a direct passage from Vandeae to Ophrydeae. 

It is probable that this very extensive tribe is susceptible of subdivision 
into several tolerably well defined groups, of which Maxillaria, Cymbidium, 
Eulophia, Masdevallia, Oncidium, Aerides, and Calanthe might be taken 
as the types. But it would be premature to attempt such a subdivision in 
the absence of more precise knowledge of the structure of a great number 
of species. I therefore propose, in the mean while, the following artificial 
table, as a ready means of analysing such genera as I am at present ac- 
quainted with. 

Artificial Analysis of the Genera. 

A. Pollinia 2, integra, v. sulcata, v. alte biloba ; v. 4. 

1 . § Caudiculae 2. 
Sepala lateralia basi in calcar spurium connata. - - 154. Podoch ills. 

Sepala libera, basi non producta, 

spatulata unguic. Petala lobata. Labellum 4 partitum. 160. Cryptopls. 

Labellum cum ung. product, columnar artic. 

Unguis columnar calcarat. - "9. Aeranthes. 

Unguis columnar mutica. - - - 82. Bifrenaria. 

Dec. 1832. t 



Labellum sessile, 
h;i>i saccaturo, 
basi planum, 

trilobura anticum. Glandulte 2. 
indivisum posticum. Gland. 1. 

161. (Eonia. 

111. DiPoniuM. 
133. Tethapeltis. 


108. Sumpia. 

2. § Caudicula 1. 
* Calcaratce ; comuta ; v. saccatce. 

1. Labellum cum columna alte connatum. 

Sepala reflexa, petalis alajform. patent, longe minora. 
Sepala et petala subaequalia. 

Sepala lateralia labello adnata. 
Sepala omnia libera. 

Labellum utroque margine cornutum. 
Labellum muticum bilobum. Col. alata. 

2. Labellum sessile, liberum ; v. cum columna partim counatum. 

Sepala lateralia connata, labello supposita. 
Sepala omnia libera. 

Labellum basi tantum saccatum, (v. si leviter cornutum 

cum columna continuum, integrum v.leviter lobatum, 
planum. Periantb. expl. carnosum. Antb. valv. 
Calcar labelli unicum. 
Calcaria labelli duo. 
cucullaUim. Perianth, claus. membr. Antb. "I 
valv. deciduae. 
cum columna parallelum medio reflexum Peri- "I 
anth. clausum. - - J 

cum col. articul. 3-lob. sepalis linearibus difformi- \ 
bus multo brevius. - - / 

Labellum calcaratum. 

Calcar ventr. 1-loc. limbo integro, v. obsoleto, v. 
fauce aperta, 

Sepala omnia libera. 
Sep. lat. basi connata. 
intus dente dorsali auctum. 
fauce marg inflexo clausa, biglandulosa. 
Calc. ventr. 1-loc. limbo lobato. 
Calc. ventr. 2-loculare. 
Calc cornutum. 

Col. anticfe bicirrhosa. - - 

Col. mutica. 

Laliellum indiv. carnos. petalis multo latius \ 

Perianth, expl. 
Labellum lobatum (saepius cucullatum). 
Poll. 2. Epiphyta. 
Poll. 4. Terrestris. 

3. Labellum liberum basi (saepius longej productae columnae 

Sepala et petala aequaliter patentia. 

Sepala et petala secunda. 

Labellum basi infundibuliforme, cucullatum, indivisum 
Labellum basi cornutum, v. brevius calcaratum, lobatum 

116. Lissochilus. 


135. Trichoglottis. 
107. acanthoglossum. 

121. rodriguezia. 

carnosissimum, sepalis 
[aequale v. majus), 

137. Vanda. 


102. Geodorum. 
120. Jonopsis. 

138. Renanthera. 
leviter lobato, 

144. Saccolabium. 

145. t^niophyllum. 

146. Cleisostoma. 

151. Ceratochili's. 

152. Echioglossum. 

153. SARCANTrlUS. 

158. schcenorchis. 
162. Angr^cum. 

156. ceceoclades. 

165. TlPULARIA, 


157. Aerides. 

112. Galeandra. 




** Ecalcaratee ; nempe nee sacco nee calcare ullo pone basin labelli. 

1 . Labellum cum columna connatum. 

Sepala lateralia invicem libera, 

labello basi adnata. ... 

supremum basi petalis adnatum. 
Sepala lateralia connata. 

Petala cum sepalo supremo connat. 

Petala libera. Columna antice bicorn. 
Sepala omnia libera (conniventia). 

2. Labellum liberum sessile, v. subsessile. 

Sepala omnia connata. - 

Sepala lateralia magis miniisve connata. 

Perianth, globos. Lab. 3-lob. medio articulat. 
Perianthium patens. 

Sepala lateralia obi. calcar referentia. - 
Sep. lat. subaequilatera. 

Anth. dorsalis. Col. aptera. 
Antb. terminalis. 
Col. biaurita. 
Col. aptera. 

Lab. apice 1-cameratum, cum sepalis"! ... 
longe connatum. - - J * 

Lab. apice saccatum, sepalisfere liberum. 143. Micropera 
Sepala omnia libera. 

Labell. petalis conforme. - 

Labell. petalis difforme. 

Columna alata, v. aurita ; 
apice aurita. - 

utrinque aurita. 
Pollinia cava. 
Pollinia solida. 

Lab. ventricosum. - 
Lab. planum. - 

versus apicem alato-marginata. 

Lab. cum ungue tuberculato continuum. 
Lab. medio coustrictum, hypochilio cavo. 
Columna aptera. 
Poll. 4, distincta. 

Flores pperti. Rostellum longissimum. 
Flores cylindracei. - 
Poll. 2, solida, fissa. v. 2-partita. 
Columna bicirrbosa. 

Labellum ventricosum carnosum posticum. 
Labell. explanatum petaloideum anticum. 
Col. mutica. 

Perianth, connivens. 

Lab. cucull. membranac. columna! ^^^ Geodorum. 

contin. - - (.6'*)/ 

Lab. plan, carnosum, 
petalis conforme. 
petalis difforme. 
Perianth, explanatum. 

Columna teres 1-cornis. 
Col. semiteres, mutica. 
Poll, longe distantia. 
Poll, basi contigua. 

Labell. plan, integr. 1-callos. 
Lab. plan, integ. ecallosum. 
Labell. cucullatum, 

coin m nam involvens. 
columua parall. antic. 
Poll. 2, postice fissa. 
Poll. 2, cava, convo- -. 
luta ; Labell. apice > 98. AcropeRA 
Labell. ventricos. posticum 1 
indivisum. - J 

72. Nanodes. 

73. Aspasia. 

76. Trizeuxis. 
75. Acriopsis. 

74. Ornithidium. 

118. Masdevallia. 

95. Peristeria. 

85. Alamama- 
117. Notvlia. 
bis 125. Oncidium. 


101. Trichoceros. 

122. Macradenia. 

125. Oncidium. 

126. Fernandezia. 

109. Calypso. 

127. Pachvphyllim. 







83. DlCRYPTA. 

155. Adenoncos. 

- 136. Telipogon. 

- 100. Grammatophylll.m. 

129. Phymatidium. 
132. Brassia. 

103. sobralia. 

97. Cymbidium. 




3. Labellum liberum, c. basi producta column* articulatum ; 
Sepala lateralia basi producta, columna v. invicem connata ; 
omnia connata. - 
supremum liberum. 

Lab. cucullat. v. ventric. 
Sepala secunda. - 

Sepala aequaliter patentia. 

Lab. c. columna articulatum. 
Poll, incumbentia § § . 
Poll, collateralia oo oo. 
Lab. c. columna continuum. 
Lab. planum, v. tantum canaliculatum. 

Poll. 4. Pet. sepalis angustiora. 
Poll. 2. Pet. sepalis latiora falcata. 
in columnam incumbens. 
Col. 2-cornuta. - 

Col. mutica. 
. Lab. hastat. longe unguiculatum. 
Lab. sessile, 

bilobum. - 

lateralia libera ; 

supr. et pet. columna connat. 
supremum liberum. 

Stigma yerticale. Anth. dorsal. 
Stigma terminale. Anth. term. 
Pet. sepalis multo majora. 
Pet. sepalis subaequalia. 

Clinandr. cucull. anth. includens. 
Clin, immarginatum. 

Lab. cucull. 2-lob. ungue nudo. 
Lab. galeat. ungue appendice pocu- "1 
hformi incluso. r 

Lab. planum. 

Perianth, clausum. Lab. trian- "1 
gulare. - r 

Perianth, explan. 

Lab. indivis.laminA paten te basi 
Perianth, aequaliter patens. 
Perianthium secundum. - 
Lab.3-partit. c. basi product. "1 
columnae continuum. - J 
Lab. flabelliforme ; columna "1 
aurita. r 

B. Pollinia 8. 
Labellum c. columna connatum. 

Sep. et pet. inaeq. Labellum medio constrictum. 
Sep. et pet. subaeq. Labell. continuum. 
Labellum liberum, 

calcaratum. - 

ecalcaratum ; r. leviter saccatum. 
Sepala in tubum connata. - 
Sepala basi tantum connata. 

Columna basi in unguem producta. 
Col. c. labello parallela. - 

Sepala omnino libera, v. levissime connata. 
Col. basi producta. 

Perianth, tubulosum, ventricosum, fauce con- "1 
strictum. - . .J" 

Per. non tubulosum. 

Lab. ecalcaratum. - 
Lab. calcaratum. 
Col. non basi producta. - 

r. longe unguiculatum. 
148. Cryptoglottis. 

115. Cyrtopera. 

80. Maxillaria. 
96. Eucnemis. 
79. Sarcochilus. 

86. Psittacoglossum. 

87. Cycnoches. 

150. Ephippium. 

105. Doritis. 

142. Chiloschista. 
84. Govenia. 

92. Gongora. 

78. ClRRHiEA. 

134. Phalsnopsis. 

123. Cryptarrhena. 
94. Anguloa. 


128. Dichia. 


131. Odontoglossum. 

113. Zygopetalum. 

114. Cyrtopodium. 


163. Agrostophyixum- 

164. Cai^anthe. 

166. Li.matodes. 
119. Cryptochilus. 

149. Ceratostyus. 

168. Thelasis. 

104. Acanthophippjum. 

147. Appendicula. 
81. Arpophyllum. 

169. Glomera. 

VANDE.E. 139 


Nanodes. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1541. 

Perianthium ringens. Sepalum supremum fornicatum j lateralia labello 
supposita eoque basi connata. Petala sepalis lateralibus conformia iis- 
que subparallela, libera. Labellum carnosum, indivisum, cum columna 
connatum (more Epidendri). Columna ad utrumque marginem cli- 
nandrii alata. Anthera 2-locularis, rostrata. Pollinia 4, compressa, 

collateralia, in glandulam ovatam sessilia. Epiphyta humilis, ceespi- 

tosa, caulescens. Folia coriacea, disticha, vaginantia, approximata. 
Flores discolores, in apice caulium sessiles, solitarii. 

1. Nanodes discolor. Lindl. I. c. 

Hab. in Brazilia, in sylvis prope Rio Janeiro, (v. v. c.) 

Caules aggregati, 2-3 pollices alti, simplices, dense foliosi, nihil bulbosi. 
Folia ovato-oblonga, emarginata, basi amplexicaulia et vaginantia, inter- 
nodiis duplb longiora, viridi-purpurea. Flores solitarii, sessiles, termi- 
nales, obscure purpurei, inter folia immersi. Sepalum supremum as- 
cendens, lineari-oblongum, convexum j petala declinata, cum sepalis 
lateralibus labello suppositis parallela. Labellum carnosum, ovatum, 
minutissime crenulatum. 


Aspasia. Lindl. in Hook. Bot. Misc. ined. 

Perianthium patens, aequale. Sepala lateralia libera ; supremum cum pe- 
talis basi connatum. Labellum oblongum, concavum, ecalcaratum, 
obsolete 4-lobum, cum columna semi-connatum. Columna labello pa- 
rallela, semiteres, marginata. Anthera .... Pollinia 2, pyriformia, 

posticfe sulcata, caudicula plana cuneata, glandula parva. Herbae 

epiphytae, caulescentes, pseudobulbosae. Folia subcoriacea. Spicae 
radicales, breves. Flores mediocres. 

L Aspasia epidendroides. Lindl. I. c. 

Hab. in Panama et Columbia occidental^ Cuming, (no. 1297.) (hab. s. sp.) 
Pseudobulbi 1-2-phylli, compressi, dipteri. Folia pedalia. Racemi e basi 
pseudobulborum, quibus sunt paulb longiores. 


Ornithidium. Salisb. in Hort. Tram. 1.293. 

lenanthium clausum, liberum, aequale. Labellum cum basi columns 
connatum, cucullatum, disco callosum. Columna labello parallela, te- 
re * lusc ula, rostello brevissimo. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, bipar- 
tibilia, lobis incumbentibus; in glandulam parvam triangularem sessilia. 
"" — Herba epiphyta, caulescens. Caules ramosi, pseudobulbos axil- 
res gerentes. Folia subcoriacea. Racemi sessiles, axillares, effusi. 

140 VANDE.E. 

] . Ornithidium coccineum. Salisb. I. c. 

Helleborinc cocciuea multiflora. Plum. sp. 9. ic. 180./". 1. 

Epidendium coccineum. Linn. sp. pi. 1348. Jacq. Amer. 222. /. 135. 

Cymbidium coccineum. Swartz. Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 70. Willd. 4. 94. Bot. Mag. 1. 1437. 

Ornith. coccineum. Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 210. Hooker. Exot. Fl. t. 38. 

Hab. in sylvis Martinieee humidis, praecipue ad torrentes, Jacquin; St. 
Vincenlii, Guilding. («. v. c. et hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 

Flores in axillis foliorum fasciculati, exserti, nutantes. Pedunculi ad noclos 
bracteoliferi. Bracteae membranaceae, vaginantes. Ovarium obscure 
costatum. Perianthium roseum, connivens j sepala ovata, acuminata ; 
petala conforuaia, minora. Labellum columnae appressum, ungue con- 
cavo ; cum basi columna cava nectarifera connatum, sursum dilata- 
tum in laminam ovato-lanceolatam, subundulatam, patentem, in medio 
column* proximo verrucam magnam luteam gerentem. Columna 
petalis brevior, basi antice. gibbosa, intense lutea. Stigma concavum 
infra apicem columnae. Anthera opercularis, decidua, apiculata, dorso 
cristata, septo incomplete Pollinis massae quatuor, geminatae, cereaces, 
in vertice columnae incumbentes, caudiculae planae cum glandula in 
margine anteriore stigmatis cohaerente adnata?. 


Acriopsis. Blume Bijdr. 376. tabellen 71. Reinwardt in Bot. Zeitiuiff, 1825, v. 2.p. 4- 

Periantbium patulum, tetraphyllum, petalis sepalisque subaequalibus. La- 
bellum basi columnae in tubum connatum, limbo patente cordato cristate 
Columna erecta, cornubus duobus porrectis apice glandulosis. Anthera 
bilocularis, intra clinandrium fornicatum abscondita. Pollinia 2, fusi- 

formia, caudicula filiformi, glandula parva subrotunda. Herba epi- 

phyta. Folia pseudobulbis insidentia, lineari-lanceolata, obtusa. P e ' 
dunculi radicales, paniculati. Flores pedicellati. 

Character ex Blume. 

J . Acriopsis Javanica. Blume, I. c. Reinw. I. c. 

Hab. in arboribus montium Javce occidentalis ; Blume. 


Trizeuxis. Lindl. collect, bot. t. 2. 

Perianthium globosum. Sepala lateralia connata, labello supposita; su- 
premum cum petalis conformibus basi connatum. Labellum posticutn, 
basi levissime columna connatum, integrum, concavum, acutum. Co- 
lumna labello parallela, teres, clavata, stigmate longitudinal! . Anthera 
1-locularis, carnosa. Pollinia 2, basi discreta, solida, caudicula maxim* 

oblonga, glandula parva ovali. Epiphyta parva, acaulis. Folia W* 

cata, disticha. Scapi paniculati. Flores aggregati, minuti. 

1. Tkizeuxis falcata. Lindl. 1. c. Hooker, Exot. Fl. t. 126. 
Hab. supra arbores in Indid occidentali. (p. r. c.) 

VANDEjE. 141 


Ornithocephalus. Hooker, Exot, Flora, t. 127. (1825.) 

Terianthium patens. Sepala obtusa, lateralia reflexa, supremum fornica- 
tum. Petala conformia, incurva. Labellum posticum, eealcaratum, un- 
guiculatum, acuminatissimum, sepalis longius. Columna brevis, aptera, 
rostello longissimo subulate Anthera 4-locularis, rostello conformis. 
Pollinia 4, solida, cruciatim caudiculae longissimaa subulatae affixa j 

glandula parva, ovalis. Herba epiphyta, acaulis. Folia equitantia, 

carnosa. Spica axillaris. Bracteae amplexicaules. Flores inconspicui. 

1. Ornithocephalus gladiatus. Hooker, I. c. 
Hab. in insula Trinitatis, De Schack. 


Cirrhaea. Lindl. in Bot. Res?. 930 et 1538. 

Perianthium patens. Sepala libera, aequalia. Petala multo angustiora, 
linearia, flexuosa. Labellum longe unguiculatura, columna continuum, 
tnpartitum ; laciniis angustis intermedia minore. Columna erecta, 
clavata, teres, stigmate subquadrato, horizontali ! rostello cirrhato. 
Anthera dorsalis ! membranacea, sub-unilocularis. Pollinia 1, parallela, 
oblonga, compressa, elastice prosilientia, caudicula brevi cornea, gland- 
ula incurva. Herbae epiphyta?, pseudo-bulbosae. Folia plicata. 

Racemi penduli, multiflori, radicales. Flores maculati. 

1. Cirrus A Loddigesii. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1538. 

**• foliis oblongo-lanceolatis utrinque acuminatis, petalis linearibus flexu- 
osis, labelli lobo medio lineari-spatulato lateralibus acutis. 

Cymbidium dependens. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 

Hab. verosimiliter in Brazilid; nee China ut aiunt Hortulani. (v. v. c.) 

Pseudo-bulbi ovati, costati, l-2£ poll, longi, saepius nudi. Folia solitaria, 
pedalia, oblongo-laneeolata, utrinque acuminata, costis 7 subaequalibus. 
Racemi radicales, penduli, multiflori, foliis breviores. Sepala ob- 
longa, obtusa, aequalia, et tali modo patentia ut triangulum aequilaterum 
efficiunt j apice maculata. Petala linearia, flexuosa, basi cum sepalo 
supremo parallela. Labellum ungue longo tereti, lobis lateralibus 
acuminatis, erectis, intermedio lineari-spatulato obtuso dupld breviore. 
Columna libera, arcuata, teres, clavata, apice truncata et stigmatifera. 
Stigma subhorizontale, obliquum ; rostello subulato, elongato, cirrhoso. 
Anthera postica, opercularis, unilocularis, decidua, in clinandrio dorsali 
mcumbens, valvis membranaceis involutis. Pollinia 2, cereacea, parallela, 
oblonga, compressa, elastic^ prosilientia, glandulae unicae aflixa. 

2- CiRRHiBA viridipurpurea. Lindl. I. c. 

C. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, petalis linearibus arcuatis, labelli lobo medio 

acuminato lateralibus aequali. 
Gongora viridi-purpurea. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 2978. 
Hab. in Brazilid, supra arbores in sylvis ad sinum Botofogo. 
Sepala extus laete viridia, intus vitellina purpureo-maculata. 

142 VANDE4E. 

3. ( ikiui ka fusco-lutea. Lindl. I. c. 

C. foliis lanceolatis acuminatis, petalis lineari -lanceolatis, labelli lobo 
medio ovato lateralibus obtusis. 

Hab. supra arbores BraziluE ad Corcovado (exam. s. sp. et v. ic. pict. in herb. 

This very much resembles C. Loddigesii; but the flowers are twice as 
large, the sepals are dusky brown, with a few reddish lines, and the petals 
greenish yellow ; while all the parts are destitute of spots except the 
middle lobe of the labellum. 


Sarcochilus. R. Brown, Prodr. 332. 

Perianthium patens. Sepala lateralia cum ungue labelli subtus connata. 
Petala conformia. Labellum posticum,ecalcaratum, cum ungue columns 
continuum, calceiforme ; lobo intermedio carnoso, solido. Columna. . 

Anthera Pollinia 2, in glandulam deltoideam sessilia. Epi- 

phyta acaulis, v. brevissime caulescens. Folia disticha, lineari -lanceo- 
lata, falcata. Racemi axillares, erecti, 5-6 flori, secundi. Bractese 
breves, latae, ovatae. Flores speciosi. 
I have been scarcely able to ascertain any thing satisfactory as to the 

structure of the Pollen masses. They appeared, in the only specimen I 

examined, to be like those of Cymbidium. 

1. Sarcochilus falcatus. R. Br. I. c. 

Hab. in Novd Hollandid, ad Hunters River et Newcastle, Brown, (hab. s. sp. 
comm. eel. Brown.) 


Maxillaria. Ft. Peruv. Prodr. 116. t. 25. syst. 219. Xylobium. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 897. 
Colax. lb. eod. loc. (nomen posted, mutatum.) 

Perianthium connivens, rarb patens. Sepala lateralia cum basi producta, 
columns connata. Petala subconformia. Labellum trilobum, cucul- 
latum, sessile, cum basi producta columnae articulatum. Columna 
semiteres, aptera. Anthera subbilocularis. Pollinia 2, bipartibilia v. in* 

tegra, caudicula brevi, glandula transversa. Epiphytae, (Americans) 

pseudobulbosae, acaules, v. caulescentes. Folia plicata, v. coriacea. 
Pedunculi radicales, axillares v. terminates, uni v. multiflori. 

The species of this genus may be separated into the following subdivi- 

§ 1. AxillifloTee. Pedunculi axillares. (Eumaxillaria.) 
§ 2. Scapigerte. Pedunculi radicales. 

a. Labellum anticum. (Colax.) 

b. Labellum posticum. (Xylobium.) 

S 3. Spathacem. Pedunculi terminates, e spatha vaginante erumpentes. (NothiumJ 

§1. Axilliflor*. Pedunculi axillares. (Eumaxillaria.) Sp. 1— 16. 
1. Maxillaria platypetala. Fl. Peruv. Syst. p. 221. 
M. caule folioso axillis pseudobulbiferis, pseudobulbis oblongis l-2phyllis, 

VANDE/E. 143 

foliis oblongis obtusis nunc emarginatis coriaceis, floribus solitariis 
axillaribus, pedunculis vaginatis pseudobulbis longioribus, sepalis patulis 
oblongis rotundatis lateralibus basi connatis, pctalis conformibus duplo 
minoribus, labello oblongo concavo obtuso tubcrculo oblongo truncato 
in medio. 

Hab. in Peruvice montibus nemorosis ad Muna et Chaclla vicos, Ruiz et 
Pavon j ad Camino real alt. 6000 ped. Hall (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker). 

Surculi juniores imbricati, Fernandezice elegantis facie. Folia 3-4 poll, 
longa, 9-10 lin. lata. Scpala guttata. Petala verosimiliter immaculata. 

2. Maxillaria ochroleuca. Loddiges Bot. Cab. ined. 

M. pseudobulbis oblongis compressis dipbyllis, foliis ensiforinibus strictis, 
floribus fasciculatis radicalibus pseudobulbis brevioribus, sepalis lineari- 
lanceolatis acuminatissimis, labello duplb breviore cucullato medio cal- 
loso trilobo : lobis lateralibus inembranaceis subundulatis obtusis in- 
termedio oblongo carnoso recur vo, 

Hab. in Brazilia, prope Rio Janeiro, Loddiges (v. v. c.) 

Bracteae longae membranaceae acuminata?. Flores albidi, odorati. Sepala 
lineari-lanceolata, acuminatissima, lateralibus basi parum obliquis, cum 
ungue producto columna? cornu breve obtusum formantibus. Petala 
sequilonga, conformia. Labellum sepalis duplb brevius, cum columna 
parallelum, cucullatuin, trilobumj lobis lateralibus membranaceis apice 
ovatis obtusis subundulatis porrectis, intermedio longiore oblongo car- 
noso convexo recurvo subcrispo ; callo magno laevi omnem axin labelli 
lobo intermedio excepto occupante. Columna clavata marginata. An- 
tnera membranacea^ unilocularis. Pollinia 4, per paria inaequalia in 
glandulam lunatam sessilia, incumbentia ( § § ). 

3- Maxillaria longipetala. Fl. Pcruv. Syst. p. 22. 

M. pseudobulbis , foliis ligulatis apice tridentatis basi vaginanti- 

bus, pedunculis vaginatis axillaribus unifloris, petalis sepalisque linearibus 
acuminatis conniventibus, labello triplo minore trilobo : lobo intermedio 
angusto oblongo acuto margine crispo apice acutiusculo. 

Hab. in Peruvice nemoribus Pillao, Acomayo et Pati supra saxa et arbores, 
Ruiz et Pavon (exam. s. sp. in herb. Lambert.) 

Folium 8 poll, longum, retusum, dentibus apicis lateralibus saepe rotun- 
datis v. obliteratis. Superficiem labelli haud observare licuit. 

4. Maxillaria alba. 

M. eaule folioso axillis pseudobulbiferis, foliis 1-3 ligulatis acutis coriaceis 
aveniis, floribus solitariis axillaribus erectis, sepalis patulis ovato-lan- 
ceolatis obtusiusculis : lateralibus basi connatis, petalis conformibus, 
labello oblongo obtuso tuberculo oblongo carnoso in medio. 

Dendrobium album. Hooker Exot. Fl. t. 142. 

^ronghtonia alba. Spreng. Syst. 3. 735. 

Hab. in Jamaica ; Hooker ; in Cayenna, Lamarck, (v. s. sp. in herb. Vahl.) 

Planta verosimiliter epiphyta, Ornithidii facie. Flores candidi. Ovarium 

longissimum, rectum. M. platypetala; affinis, foliis longis ligulatis 

sepalisque angustioribus praecipue diversa. 

5 - Maxillaria undulata. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 221. 

M- " bulbis ovato-oblongis striatis, foliis lanceolatis 5-7-nervibus, scapo 

brevi racemoso." 

Dec. 1832. u 



Hab. in nemoribus Chinchao et Muna supra arbores et saxa ; floret Augusto 
et Septembri ; Ruiz et Pavon. 

6. Maxillaria variegata. FL Peruv. Syst. 222. 

M. " bulbis ovatis, foliis lanceolatis plicatis, scapo variegato racemoso." 

Hab. in Muna nemoribus calidis ; floret a Junio ad Septembrem ; Ruiz 
et Pavon. 

7. Maxillaria ligulata. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 222. 

M. " bulbis ovatis, foliis ensiformibus, scapo volubili, floribus paniculatis, 
nectarii labio ligulato.'' 

Hab. in Pillao et Acomafb nemoribus j floret Augusto et Septembri ; Ruiz 

8. Maxillaria hastata. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 222. 

M. '« bulbis oblongis, foliis ensiformibus, scapo volubili, pedunculis dis- 
tantibus racemosis, nectarii labio hastate." 

Ha pzvon Pilla ° SylVlS SUpra SaXa ' fl ° ret Au S usto et Septembri ; Ruiz et 

9. Maxillaria paniculata. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 223. 

M 'ciriatfc" S oblon S°" ovatis > foliis ensiformibus plicatis, floribus pani- 

U Rulz ^pllo™ "^™ *' petr ° sis locis ' floret Septembri et Octobri; 

10. JMaxillaria cuneiformis. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 223. 

M '„lV b r lbiS °. v i f tis '., foliis ensiformibus canaliculars, floribus racemosis, 
petahs cuneiformibus, nectario cordiformi." 

H fl b oJt n T ^ rw " e . Provinci » P raeru P tis vers «s Acobamba et Picoy vicosj 
floret Julio et Augusto j Ruiz et Pavon. 

11. Maxillaria bicolor. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 224. 

M "race b mos i fs °Zf 2? W ?lft f ° 1Hs ensif °"aibus margine scabris, floribus 
racemosis, pedicelhs subdichotomis." 

Hab. in Huassahuassi saxosis ; floret Novembri et Decembri , Ruiz et Pavon. 

"X^rr^"^ 00,10 ?' ^P^ododesencaxado, quia copiosissimi bulbi 
IncotJ ,2 TJZ& gr ^ a - tl VC i Uti P avim entum lapidibus formatum referunt. 
mi: fet sugu't ^ dam bUlb ° S SUCCOSOS -binsipidos frequenter 

12. Maxillaria tricolor. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 224 
-en^fs^^ZmS^ 3 ^"^ ^«ato-nervosis, floribus 
t'Novembrif ^^*««H supra saxa ; floret Octobri 

M.' ' M bribis LA o R v A t triPhylla ' ^ ^^ *f 225 ' 

-sis, P«*.^2^^^^~ carinatis, floribus ra^ 

vande^:. 145 

Hab. in Tarmce provinciae nenioribus versus Vxtoc et Collac vicos, praeser- 
tim ad fluvii Maraynioc littora, ubi Joannes Tafalla earn delineavit ; floret 
Augusto et Septembri ; Ruiz et Pavon. 

14. Maxillaria undatiflora. Ft. Peruv. Syst. 225. 

M. " bulbis ovatis, foliis lanceolatis quinquenervibus, floribus paniculatis." 

Hab. in nemoribus Tarm.ce ad Vitoc arcem, unde Joannes Tafalla ad nos 
iconem et descriptionem misit ; floret Aprili et Maio j Ruiz et Pavon. 

15. Maxillaria prolifera. FL Peruv. Syst. 225. 

M. " bulbis oblongis sulcatis, foliis lanceolatis, scapo bulbifero foliiferoque, 
floribus axillaribus 2-4-nis nutantibus." 

Hab. in Huassahuassi frigidis locis ubi cl. Tafalla plantain descripsit et de- 
lineavit ; floret Aprili et Maio ; Ruiz et Pavon. 

16. Maxillaria ramosa. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 226. 

M. " bulbis fibrosis, caule radicante vaginato, floribus axillaribus solitariis." 
Hab. in nemoribus Chinchao supra arbores ad Mesapata et Machaynio pra- 

edia j floret Junio et Julio j Ruiz et Pavon. 
Obs. Habitu haec species a reliquis differt ; attamen fructificatio sub eodem 

genere earn inserere jubet ; Id. 

§ 2. Scapigerce. Pedunculi radicales. 

* Labellum anticum (Colax) . 

a. Scapi uniftori. Sp. 17-27- 

17. Maxillaria tetragona. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1428. 

M. pseudobulbis ovatis tetragonis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis plicatis basi in 
petiolum angustatis solitariis, scapis solitariis pseudobulbis brevioribus, 
sepalis petalisque oblongo-ovatis obtusiusculis patulis subaequalibus, 
labello carnoso ventricoso trilobo erecto : lobis lateralibus parvis acutis 
intermedio ovato extus convexo, disci appendice carnoso tabulari in- 

Maxillaria tetragona. Hooker in Bot. Mag. 3146. 

Hab. in Brazilia, prope Rio Janeiro, (v. v. c.) 

Pseudobulbi 3, folia 8-9 poll, longa. Flores virides, odore violarum nuper 
carptarum, apice cinnamomei, labello nunc luteo-viridi nunc albo intus 
purpura maculato. Pollinia subquadrata, eaudicula lineari diaphana, 
glandula parva ovata. 

18. Maxillaria viridis. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1510. 

M. pseudobulbis ovatis foliosis, foliis lanceolatis acuminatis undulatis pli- 
catis, scapo unifloro vaginato brevi, sepalis petalisque conmventibus 
oblongo-subrotundis obtusis subaequalibus striatis, labelh brevis triloDi 
lobo medio transverse rbomboideo unguiculato piano. 

M. placanthera. Hooker in Sot. Mag. 3173. 

Hab. in Brazilia, prope Rio Janeiro, (v. v. c.) 

Flores virides, intus purpureo seriatim maculati. Labellum cum basi pa- 
rum producta column* articulatum, unguiculatum, tnlobum, ^dio re- 
return, lilacinum, lobis lateralibus minonbus erectis. Anther. i carno 
sissima, bilocularis, loculorum valvulis membranaceis transversim ue 



hiscentibus. Pollinia 4, per paria basi discreta glandulae fuscae sulcats 
utrinque alatae adhaerentia. 

19. Maxillaria Parkeri. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 2729. 

M. pseudobulbis ovalibus compressis monophyllis, folio lanceolato lingu- 
lato coriaceo obscure striato basi angustato, scapis unifloris vaginatis 
erectis pseudobulbo parum longioribus, vaginis ventricosis coloratis, 
sepalis oblongis obtusis, petalis lineari-lanceolatis,labello trilobo cucul- 
lato linea media longitudinali clavata : lobis lateralibus integris inter- 
medio oblongo undulato. 

Hab. in Demerara ; Parker. 

Folium pedale, 2-2§ poll, latum. Vaginae roseae viridi-limbatae. Sepala 
fulva j petala alba purpureo seriatim maculata. Labellum fusco-lilaci- 
num, apice album, in axi luteum. Columna sanguinea. Pollinia in 
glandulam sessilia, bipartita. 

20. Maxillaria aromatica. Graham in Hookers Exot. Fl. 219. 

M. pseudobulbis ovatis compressis, foliis pluribus oblongo-lanceolatis 
plicatis scapis unifloris erectis longioribus, sepalis ovato-oblongis peta- 
lisque conformibus acutis, labelli semicylindracei laciniis lateralibus 
jporrectis serrulatis: intermedia bilabiata ! labio superiore truncato nano 
inferiore spatulato apice recurvo serrulato. 

Colax aromaticus. Spreng. Cur. Post. 307. 

Hab. in Mexico; Graham. 

Scapi 4 poll, longi, filiformes, vaginati. Flores luteo-aurantiaci, extus 
virescentes. Labellum intils guttulis quibusdam aurantiacis et seriebus 
duabus pubescentiae. Pollinia subglobosa, postice fissa, caudicula long^ 
lineari, glandula rhomboideo-ovata. 

21. Maxillaria stapelioides. 

M. pseudobulbis ovatis obtusangulis sulcatis 1-2-phyllis, foliis ovato- 
lanceolatis membranaceis glaucis 1-costatis, pedunculis brevissimis uni- 
floris, ovariis pseudobulbis brevioribus, floribus patulis, sepalis petalisqu e 
oblongis acutis subaequalibus, labello ovato ventricoso 3-lobo : lobis 
lateralibus linearibus obtusis erectis intermedio ovato acuminato disco 

Cymbidium stapelioides. Link et Otto Abbild. p. 1 11. t. 52. 

Hab. in Brazilia. (v. ic. pict. in herb. Hooker.) 

Pseudobulbi 9 lineas longi. Folia 3 pollices longa, venis sccundariis tenu- 

issimis. Flores flavi Stapeiue aspectu, purpureo interrupts maculati et 


22. Maxillaria picta. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 3154. 

M. pseudobulbis ovatis subsulcatis 1-2-phyllis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis 
plams, scapis erectis unifloris distanter vaginatis foliis duplb breviores, 
sepahs-petahsque lanceolatis globoso-conniventibus, labello trilobo apice 
cordato-ovato apiculato disco elevato pubescente. 

Hab. in montibus Organ Brazilue ; Harrison. 

Species pulchri generis longe pulclierrima. Folia pedalia. Flores inagni, 
purpureo-maculati extus ochroleuci, intus salvo labello xitellinis. Co- 
lumna elongata, purpurea. Pollinia subaequalia, in glandulam lunatam 
angustissimam sessilia. fynyswuu iu 



23. Maxillaria Barringtoniae. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1824. 

M. pseudobulbis oblongis compressis costatis, foliis subternis oblongo- 
lanceolatis acuminatis plicatis, scapo radicali vaginato unifloro erecto 
pseudobulbo vix longiore, sepalis petalisque ovato-lanceolatis obtusis, 
labelli trilobi lobo medio ovato rotundato fimbriate, callis' duobus per 
hypochilium decurrentibus. 

Epidendrum Barringtonice. Smith, ic. pict. t. 25. 

Dendrobium Barringtoniae. Swartz. 'Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 82. Willd. Sp. PL 4. 132. Hooker 

Exot.Fl. t. 119. 
Colax Barringtoniae. Lindl. Dot. Reg. 897. 
Dendrobium ciliatum. Swartz. Pers. Syn. 2.523. 
Maxillaria ciliata. Fl. Peruv. Syst. p. 221. Lindl. in Dot. Reg. 1206. 
Hab supra truncos arborum in Jamaica, (v. v. c.) 
Flores magni, olivacei, labello sordide luteo. 

24. Maxillaria Deppii. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1612. 

M. pseudobulbis ovatis obtusangulis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis plicatis 
basi vaginantibus, scapo erecto unitloro foliis breviore : vaginis ventri • 
cosis acuminatis, sepalis oblongo-lanceolatis patentissimis, petalis mi- 
noribus oblongis undulatis conniventibus, labello cucullato 3-lobo apice 
recurvo in axi calloso. 

Hab. in Mexico, prope Xalapam ; Deppe. 

Scapus 5-6 poll, longus. Sepala fer£ bipollicaria, viridia, sanguineo seria- 
tim maculata. Petala nivea, lineis quibusdam purpureis interruptis ad 
basin. Labellum vitellinum, sanguineo parce guttulatum. 
I only know this beautiful species from Messrs. Loddiges' excellent figure. 

Is it not rather a Cymbidium allied to C. marginatum ? 

25. Maxillaria subulata. 

M. pseudobulbis aggregatis angustissimis oblongis sulcatis diphyllis, foliis 
semiteretibus subulatis, pedunculis radicalibus densissim& vaginatis 
pseudobulbis brevioribus, floribus patulis, sepalis oblongis acutis : late- 
ralibus parum obliquis, petalis obtusissimis supra columnam conniven- 
tibus, labelli trilobi cucullati unguiculati lobis lateralibus erectis inter- 
medio ovato obtuso subundulato, callo magno in axi. 

Hab. in Brazilia. (v. ic. a Dom. Bauer ad plantain in Hort. Kew. floridam 
Novembre 1818 depict.) 

Folia 4 poll, longa. Flores intense fusco-rubri, immaculati. Columna 
lutea interrupts vittata. Pollinia 4, per paria glandulae lunatse elongatse 
adhaerentia. Anthera scabra. 

26. Maxillaria grandiflora. 

«■ pseudobulbis ovatis compressis diphyllis, foliis lanceolatis acutis, scapis 
unifloris, floribus explanatis, sepalis lanceolatis acutis lateralibus apice 
revolutis, petalis angustioribus, labello ovato obtuso complicato subun- 
dulato basi transverse plicato. 

fiendrobium grandiflorum. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. PI. 1.359. t. 88. 

»roughton ia grandiflora. Spreng. Syst. 3. 735. 

Hab. in radicibus Andium Puraguayensium prope rupem El Pupito, villam 
La Erre, et planitiem montanam Sacondonvensium alt. 1060 hexap. 
norens Octobre j Humb. et Bonpl. 

Fseudobulbi fuscescentes, nitidi, subtripollicares. Flores albi, carnosi. 

VANDE.E. 149 

Sepala fulvo-lutea : lateralibus basi parum inaequalibus nullo modo pro- 
ductis. Labellum basi luteum, apice pallidum, medio purpureum, cum 
columna vix articulatum. 

31. Maxillaria racemosa. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 2789. 

M pseudobulbis ovatis compressis tetragonis monopbyllis, foliis oblongo- 
lanceolatis tricostatis scapis gracilibus strictis multifloris brevioribus, 
sepalis oblongis acutis : lateralibus basi valde elongatis in calcar spurium 
eonnatis, petalis linearibus spatulatis tripl6 minoribus, labello oblongo 
cucullato indiviso undulato emarginato in axi calloso, columna pubes- 

M. racemosa. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1318. opt. 
Hab. in Brazilia prope Rio Janeiro ; Harrison, (v. v. c.) 
Pseudobulbi 2 poll, longi. Folia 4 poll, longa, basi in petiolum angus- 
tata. Scapus pedalis. Flores sordide flavi, membranacei. Sepala 
patentia : supenus cum petalis parallelum Cymbidiorum more. Labellum 
cum sinu sepalorum lateralium articulatum, album v. sordide flavum 
purpureis maculis pallidis notatum. Anth. 1-locularis. Pollinia postice 
sulcata, caudicula brevi, glandula parva. 

This species is extremely well figured in the Botanical Cabinet ; the 
representation in the Botanical Magazine appears to have been taken from 
a withered specimen. 

32. Maxillaria pallidiflora. Hooker. in Bot. Mag. I. 2806. 

M. pseudobulbis aggfegatis cylindraceis monophyllis, folio lato-lanceolato 
trmervi stnatoque, scapo erecto gracili pseudobulbis subajquili bracteis 
distantibus linearibus instructo, sepalis lateralibus basi saccum rotun- 
datum efficientibus petalisque subaequalibus anguste lanceolatis, labello 
oblongo obsolete bituberculato margine undulato. 

Hab. in insula St. Vincentii; Guilding. 

Pseudobulbi 2-4 poll, longi. Folium 4-6 poll, longum. Bracteaj nullo 
modo vagmantes. Flores pallidi, viridi-flavi. Pollinia in glandulam 
parvam sessjlia. 

33. Maxillaria maculata. 

M " bulbiferaj foliis lanceolatis acutis, foliolis calycinis lanceolato- 
oblongis acutiusculis margine undulatis." 

Dendrobium maculatum. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. 1. 359. 

** roughtonia maculata. Spreng. Syst. 3. 735. 

Hab. in locis sylvosis provinciae Bracomorensis juxta urbem Jaen, et pago» 
Sagique et Pucara; item prope cataractam Rentemce in ripa fluminis 
Amazonum, alt. 200-680 hexap. florens Augusto ; Humb. et Bonpl. 

Bulbus ovatus, compressus, longe. sulcatus. Folia submembranacea, pe- 
daha et longiora. Scapus folia superans, compressus, multiflorus. Flores 
suaveolentes,spicati. Bractea? sesquipollicares, acutae, carinatas. Flores 
patentes, virides, fusco-maculati, pollicares. Sepala dupld latiora. La- 
bellum oblongum, acutum, undulatum, album, striis violaceis longitu- 
dinalibus pictum, basi unguiculatum. Pollinia 4. Ex Kunth. 

34. Maxillaria latifolia. 

*■• " terrestris, foliis obovato-oblongis acutis, basi angustatis trinerviis 
niembranaceis, foliolis calycinis oblongo-lanceolatis, labello oblongo." 



Dendrobium latifolium. Humh. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. 1. 360. 

Hab. in Andibus Pastoensibus, inter flumina Guaytara, et Mayo, juxta 
Meneses, Voisaco, et pagum La Cruz alt. 800-1000 hexap. florens 
Octobre ,• Humb. et Bonpl. 

Terrestris. Folia pedalia et longiora, vix 4 poll. lata. Scapus 2-pecl. 
multiflorus. Flores spi.cati, flavo-rosei, subbilabiati, patuli. Petala 
acuta, sepalo superiore breviore. Labellum cucullatum, apice reflexum, 
basi unguieulatum, sepalis duplb brevius, apicem versus* punctis 5 au- 
rantiacis pictum. Anthera ignota. Ex Kunth. 

35. Maxillaria longifolia. 

M. " terrestris ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis acutis novem-nerviis membrana- 
ceis, foliolis calycinis lanceolatis acutis, labello ovato undulato-crenato." 

Dendrobium longifolinm. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. 1. 360. 
Xylobium ? longifolium. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 732. Spreng. S.V.3. 732. 

Hab. in temperatis humidis Provincial Popayanensis inter inontem Pita- 
tumb<e, villam Guayacanes et urbem Almaguer, alt. 13S0 hex. ; florens 
Novembre ; Humb. et Bonpl. 

Terrestris. Folia pedalia, pollicem lata. Scapus"! bipedalis, multiflorus. 
Bracteae lineari-subulataj. Flores patuli. Sepala 6-7 lin. longa. Petala 
paulb latiora et tenuiora. Labellum obtusum, basi cucullatum, ungui- 
culatum, margine sinuato-reflcxum, purpureum, interius papillis 2 striis 
setisque nigrescentibus obsitum (barbatum ?). Columna virescens, basin 
versus macula purpurea notatum. Anth. ignota. Ex Kunth. 

* * Labellum posticum. (Xylobium.) Sp. 36—37. 

36. Maxillaria decolor. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1549. 

M. pseudobulbis oblongis compressis, foliis solitariis oblongo-lanceolatis 
phcatis utrinque acuminatis, scapo radieali multifloro vaginato foliis 
breviore, sepalis ovato-oblongis obtusis patentibus, petalis duplb mi- 
noribus conniventibus, labello postico obsolete trilobo obtuso cucullato 
calhs 5 clavatis parallelis aequilongis ultra medium procurrentibus. 

Hab. in Jamaica, Hort. Angl. (v. v. c.) 

Folia diverse forme et magnitudinis, nunc 8 poll, longa, 3 p. lata, nunc 
18 p. longa, 2 p. lata. Scapus 4-pollicaris. Flores ochroleuci, im- 

37. Maxillaria squalens. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 2955. 

M. pseudobulbis ovatis teretibus diphyllis, foliis lanceolatis plicatis basi 
valde angustatis, scapo racemoso multifloro vaginato pseudobulbis duplo 
longiore, sepalis petalisque ovato-lanceolatis subundulatis acutis, labeUi 
tnlobi postici lobo intermedio ovato subundulato calloso. 

Dendrobium squalens. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 732. Lodd. Bot. Cab t 1059 
Xylobium squalens. Id./ol. 897. 

Hab. in Brazilia prope Rio Janeiro, (v v c ) 

*Z£iE£2JZ2i&* pun>ureo - Pollinia p<,slirt su,ca,a in 

VANDE^E. |51 

§ '£»5f *T5 P< r duncu1 / to"*-** e" spatha vaginante erumpentes. 
Caules cyhndracei, „on bulbosi. (Nothium.) Species recognoscenda, 
habitu omninb Cattleyae. Sp. 38. 

38. Maxillaria ? spathacea. 

M. caulibus cylindraceis sulcatis, foliis solitariis ovato-oblongis obtusis 
subemargmatis planis coriaceis, pedunculo terminali e vagina compli- 
cate oblonga aonaciformi erumpente, racemo 3-5-floro, sepalis latera- 
libus t basi valde productis calcar spurium formantibus, labelli obovati 
cucullati trilobi lobis lateralibus rotundatis subdentatis intermedio 

Hab. in Brazilia, Boaz. (exam. s. sp. in herb. Hooker.) 

Species pulchra, floribus M. Harrisoniae facie et magnitudine. Pollen 
et Anthera ignotae. 


J9. Maxillaria ? aggregata. 

M."caule ramoso repente foliato, foliis distichis lanceolatis obtusis, 
floribus terminalibus aggregatis." 

Dendrobium aggregatum. Humb. et Kunth. ?u g. et sp. 1. 358. 

Hab in crepidinibus Andium mitioris temperiei, inter villain Meneses et 
urbem Pasto alt. 1480 hexap. florens Novembri, Humb. et Bonpl. 

Folia coriacea, sesquipollicaria aut paul6 longiora, vix 4 lineas lata. Flores 
plures ad apicem ramorum aggregati, patuli. Sepala ovato-lanceolata, 
acuta, striata, 3 lin. longa : lateralibus planiusculis, basi ungui labeUi 
adnatis. Petala lanceolata, acuminata, striata, sepalis paul6 breviora et 
tenuiora. Labellum unguiculatum, ovatum, obtusum, carinatum, apice 
revolutum. Pollinia 4. ex Kunth. 

40. Maxillaria lyncea. 

Coatzonte Coxoabitl sen Lyncea. Hernand. Thesaur. Rer. Med. Xov. Hisp. p. 266. 
Anguloa Hernandezii. Kunth. Synops. 1. 332. 
Hab. in Mexico ; Hernandez. 


Arpophyllum. La Have et Lexarz. 2. 19. 

Perianthium patulum. Sepala lateralia basi in gibbum connata. Petala 
multb angustiora. Labellum cum basi prod ucta column ae articulatum ?, 
indivisum, concavum, breviils calcaratum. Columna erecta. Pollinia 8, 

Pyriformia, inter se "manipulis glutinosis ligata." Epiphyta, ebulbis. 

ocapus e sinu folii coriacei ortus. Flores parvi, dense spicati. 

Uiar. ex autoribus citatis. 
The manner in which this plant is described leaves me in doubt whether 
m ay not belong to Epidendreae rather than to Vandeae. It is apparently 

nearly related to Maxillaria j and is perhaps not distinct from Appendicula. 

*• Arpophyllum spicatum. Lexarz. et Llav. I. c. 

**ab. in Mexico, juxta Arumbaro, florens Septembre et Octobrej La Llave. 
lanta epiphyta, ebulbis. Caules cylindrico-depressi, membranulis scari- 
°s»s involuti. Folia solitaria, crassa, coriacea, longissima, canaliculata, 
ralciformia. Spatha membranacea, colorata, iuonophylla, lateraliter de- 
niscens, liquorem glutinosum stillans. Scapus conico-elongatus, pur- 
purascens, teres. Flores parvi, dilute purpurei, sessiles, glutinosi, in- 
numeri, in spicam cylindraceam densissime conglomerati ; ex Llave. 
D ec. 1832. x 

152 VANDE^. 


Sepala patula, libera, subaequaliaj lateralia cum basi producta columnae 
adnata, vix basi obliqua. Petala sepalis duplb minora. Labellum cum 
pede mucronato columnae articulatum, cucullatum, trilobum, medio 
callosum. Columna brevis, semiteres, mutica. Anthera mutica, sub- 
cristata. Pollinia 4, per paria incumbentia, caudiculis duabus distinctis 

materiei viscidae rostelli adhaerentibus, glandula .... Epiphyte, 

pseudobulbosa, Maxillariae (Colacis) habitu. 

Nearly related to Maxillaria, especially to the Colax division ; but dis- 
tinct in its double caudicula, and want of an obvious gland. 
1. Bifrenaria atropurpurea. 
Maxillaria atropurpurea. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1877. 

Hab. in Brazilia, prope Rio Janeiro ■ Warre. (v. v. c. comm. antic. Lod- 

Pseudobulbi ovati, obtusi, tetragoni. Folia oblongo-lanceolata, plicate, 
solitaria. Racemi radicales, 3-flori, pseudobulbis paul5 longiores. Flores 
atropurpurei, odoratissimi. Labellum lobis lateralibus brevibus diver- 
gentibus, intermedio transverso sub-3-lobo revoluto suberoso ; callus 
in medio antice tridentatus. 


Heterotaxis. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1028, charactere erroneo. Dicrypta. Supra p. 44. 

Sepala libera, erecta, aequalia. Petala conformia, pauld minora. Labellum 
oblongum, obsolete trilobum, carnosum, cum columna articulatum* 
callo elevato interrupto disci. Columna cum ovario continua, semiteres, 
ad basin antice clavata. Clinandrium convexum. Anthera obsolete bi- 
locularis. Pollinia 4, complanata, incumbentia ( § § ) : posticis minori- 

bus, caudicula brevi lineari, glandula lunata\. Herba epiphyte, 

acaulis. Folia coriacea, ligulata, cum basi nunc bulbosa articulate. 
Flores solitarii, axillares, pedunculis vaginatis. 
1. Dicrypta Baueri. 

Heterotaxis crassifolia. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1. 1028. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1651- 
Hab. in Jamaica, sec. hortulanos ; an potius in Brazilia? (v. v. c.) 

This plant is a memorable instance of the danger of describing Orchid- 
eous plants from imperfect cultivated specimens. I first met with it « 
1824, in Mr. Lee's Nursery at Hammersmith when I found the pollen masses, 
in the words of my notes at that time made, " linearva hinc crassiora, e granulit 
plurimis minutis angulatis filo axili cohaireniibus: , I accordingly introduced 
this character into the definition of the genus Heterotaxis, which in fr ct 
received its name because it was as it were of two different orders, being 
a Vandea in appearance and an Arethusea in structure. Subsequently in 
18SO when I for the first time saw, in Mr. Bauer's Portfolio, an analysis 
of this same plant, its pollen was represented so differently that I did not 
recognise it to be Heterotaxis, but took it for a new genus and called it 
lJicrypta. Mr Bauer had drawn the pollen masses as four lying in pair 8 
one upon the other so that the external masses which are the largest con- 
cealed the internal ones, whence the name. Neither gland nor caudicula 
having been found by Mr. Bauer I referred the plant to Malaxide*. Mf 

VANDE.E. 153 

surprise then may be easily imagined when, about the end of January 
1832, I saw in Mr. Bauer's possession a drawing of the plant of Dicrypta 
Baueri from which had been taken the analysis of the flower I had de- 
scribed, and recognised it to be my Heterotaxis crassifolia ; nor was this sur- 
prise diminished when, upon the occasion of the species flowering in 
the Horticultural Society's Garden on the 24th of April 1832, 1 finally ascer- 
tained that not only was my original description in 1824 wholly erroneous, 
but that Mr. Bauer's drawing, otherwise admirably correct, was wrong in 
representing the pollen-masses without caudicula or gland. I found them 
to be seated upon a narrow short caudicula with a broad narrow lunate 
gland ; and this is no doubt the true structure. 

I am thus obliged to reproduce Dicrypta in its more correct position 
and to request that the genus may be erased from the station formerly as- 
signed it among Malaxideee. I abolish the name Heterotaxis because it was 
given in mistake. 


Govenia. Lindl. in Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1709. 

Perianthium bilabiatum. Sepala lateralia falcata, labello supposita, basi 
paululum connata, supremo paulb majora. Petala sub sepalo supremo 
conniventia, breviora, obliqua. Labellum integerrimum, ecalcaratum, 
concavum, cum basi parum producta columnae articulatum, sessile. 
Columna basi paulb producta, teres, subfusiformis, apice utrinque mar- 
ginata. Anthera calyptriformis, 1-locularis. Pollinia 4, solida, incum- 

bentia, caudicula brevi, glandula minore triangular!. Terrestris. 

Folia plicata. Spicae radicales, multiflorae. Florcs speciosi. 

1. Govenia superba. Lindl. I. c. 

Maxillaria superba. Lexarz. et Llave Orch. Mex. 2. 13. 

Hab in montibus Mexici, prope Vallisoleturn, florens Augusto ; Llave. (o. v. 

c. comm. amic. Loddiges.) 
Flores aurantiaci, sanguineo-maculati. Petala cuneata, collateralia, cus- 

pidata, basi valde obliqua. 


Alamania. La Llave et Lexarz. Nov. Veg. 31. (1825.) 

Perianthium patens, aequale. Sepala lateralia basi connata, calcar referen- 
da. Labellum petalis conforme, basi glandulosum aut tuberculatum. 
Columna carnosa, tricuspidata, aptera, basi in calcar tubulosum pro- 
ducta. Anthera 4-locularis. Pollinia 4, pedicellata. Herba epiphyta, 

pumila, pseudobulbosa. Scapi simplices multiflori. Flores speciosi. 

Char, ex aut. citat. An partes recte descriptae ? An caudicula polliniorum 
simplex, duplexve ? 

1. Alamania punicea. La Llave et Lexarz. I. c. 

Hab. super arbores Mexici in monte excelso Quinzeo, prope Vallisoleturn ; 

La Llave. 
planta exigua. Pseudobulbilli oblongi, conferti, subdiphylli, membranis 

ecariosis tecti. Folia ovata, crassa, acuminata, fusca. Scapus terminalis, 



bipollicaris, coloratus. Flores punicei, inodori. Labellum glandule 
baseos lutescenti. Anthera atropurpurea. 


Psittacoglossum. La Have et Lexarz. Nov. Veg. 29. (1825.) 

Perianthium patens. Sepala elongata, lanceolata ; duobus lateralibus infra 
labellum paulb connatis. Petala conformia, angustiora, incurva. La- 
bellum crassum, scabrum, obscure auriculatum, ad unguem tuberculo 
concavo ! instructum. Columna clavata, incurva, subtriquetra. Anthera 
2-locularis, (petaloideo-mitrata Llav.) Pollinia 4, lenticularia ; exteri- 

oribus majoribus, caudicula .... glandula . . . . Herba epiphyta. 

Pseudobulbi ancipites, monopbylli. Scapus uniflorus, squamis imbricatis 
vestitus. Flos magnus atropurpureus. 

Character ex autoribus citatis. 

1. Psittacoglossum atratum. La Llave et Lexarz. I. c. 

Hab. in Mexico, supra arbores inter lichenes, prope Jesus del Monte; 
Llave. Floret vere. 

Pseudobulbi conferti, subrotundi, oblongi, depressi, ancipites, 1-phylli. 
Folia oblongo-lanceolata, laevigata, conduplicata. Scapus radicalis, 
brevis, squamulis membranaceis, cuneatis, vaginantibus, distiche imbri- 
catis tectus. Flos magnus, atropurpureus, terminalis, erectus. Label- 
lum concolor, nigricans j ex Llave. 


Cycnoches. Lindl. in Lodd. Bot. Cab. ined. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala lateralia lanceolata, basi paululilm sub 
Libello connata; supremo angustiore. Petala latiora, falcata, decurva. 
labellum hberum, ecalcaratum, columna continuum, lanceolatum, in- 
tegemmum, ungue abrupto calloso. Columna elongata, arcuata, teres, 
apice clavata, auriculis duabus falcatis ad latera clinandrii. Anthera 
bilocularis. Pollinia 2, postice sulcata, subpedicellata, caudicula lineari, 
glandula grossa, Habitus Cataseti. 

1. Cycnoches, Loddigesii. Lindl. I. c. 

Hab. in Surinami, Loddiges. (v. v. c. comm. amic. Loddiges.) 

^v'reswns 1111 *' ViridifilSci - LabeUum a lbum, sanguineo-guttatum, apice 

fln2L th f S m ° S K- ^° , " kabk P lant 1 ^ve only seen a single expanded 
flower, from which this account has been taken. 


Myanthus. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1538. 

^e^eSib^TeS- *T**- **"> "***>> lateralibus P™ 1 ^ 
enaentmus. Petala conformia, angustiora, sepalo supremo supposiW- 

VANDEiE. 155 

Labellum planum, obovatum, 3-dentatum, sepalis brevius. Columna 
erecta, teres, basi bicirrhosa, postice ad cardinem antherae longe pro- 

ducta. Anthera et pollinia Cataseti. Epiphyta, Cataseti omninb 


Catasetum cristatum is intermediate between this genus and Catasetum . 

1. Myanthus cernuus. Lindl. I. c. 

Hab. supra arbores Brazilia, prope Rio Janeiro, (v. s. sp. et ic. pict. in herb. 

Racemi cernui, pedales, v. ultra. Flores luteo-virides, punctis atropur- 

pureis confertissimis notati. 


Catasetum. Richard, in Kunth. Synops. 1. 330. 

Perianthium ssepius globosum, nunc explanatum. Sepala et petala sub- 
aequalia. Labellum crassum, carnosum, nudum ventricosum, v. expla- 
natum fimbriatum ; sub apice saccatum, obsolete trilobum. Columna 
erecta, aptera, libera, apice utrinque cirrhosa. Anthera subbilocularis, 
antice truncata. Pollinia 2, postice biloba v. sulcata, caudicula maxima 

nuda demum elastice contractili, glandula cartilaginea subquadrata. 

Herba? terrestres v. epiphytal, caulibus brevibus fusiformibus vestigiis 
foliorum vestitis. Folia basi vaginantia, plicata. Scapi radicales. Flores 
speciosi, racemosi, virides, nunc purpureo-maculati. 

1. Catasetum maculatum. Kunth. Synops. 1. 331. 

C. " foliolis calycinis duobus interioribus maculatis ; labello ciliato." 

Hab. in Regno Novo-Granatensi, prope Turbaco, alt. 180 hexap. florens 
Maio- Kunth. 

Folia membranacea, tripollicaria. Sepala angustiora, viridia ; duo lateralia 
cornuum in modum arcuatlm patentia; tertium petala amplectentia. 
Petala ovata, margine subserrata, inferne nigro-maculata. Labellum 
maximum, inflatum, margine ciliatum, interne rubro-maculatum ; ex 

2. Catasetum tridentatum. Hooker. Exot. Fl. tt. 90. 91. 
C. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis, perianthiis compressis conniven- 

tibus, sepalis petalisque acuminatis, labello cucullato apice tridentato. 

C. tridentatum. Bot. Mag. 

? C. macrocarpum. Rich, in Kunth. Synops. 1. 331. 

C. Claveringi. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1344. 

/3. Floribus majoribus, sepalis petalisque acutis. 

C. Claveringi. Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 840. 
C. floribundum. Hooker. Exot. Fl. 151. 

Hab. in America cequinoctvaU, ; in insula Trinitatis. Hooker j /3. in Brazilia 

ad sinum Sancti Salvatoris, nee non in insula Trinitatis ; Hooker, (v. v. c.) 
Sepala viridia v. luteo-viridia. Petala viridia purpureo plus minus macu- 

lata, nunc omnino purpurea. Labellum apice saepius vitellinum, intils 

plerumque maculatum. 

I am persuaded these are all varieties, or rather states, of the same 
species, which flowers very differently in different states of health. C. 

156 VANDE.E. 

Claveringi has indeed less acuminate petals and sepals, and larger flowers, 
but these are but slender distinctive marks j and C. floribundum differs 
from the last in nothing but its greener flowers with a less internal spot- 
ting. I have also seen varieties with smaller flowers, and other marks 
of difference, but they are not worth notice. 

Most likely Richard's C. macrocarpum from Cayenne belongs here. At 
least there is nothing in the half dozen words said about it by Mr. Kunth 
to shew the contrary. 

3. Catasetum Hookeri. Lindl. Coll. Bot. t. 40. 

C. foliis lanceolatis triplicatis, perianthiis globosis, labello apice incurvo i 
lateribus denticulatis. 

Hab. in Brazilia - } Swainson. (v. v. c.) 

Flores in genere minores, sepalis subtestaceis, petalis viridibus, labello 
viridi, apice luteo, inttis purpureo maculato. 

4. Catasetum semiapertum. Hooker. Exot. JR. t. 313. 

C. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis multiplicatis racemo compacto longioribus, 

perianthiis subpatentibus, labello apice incurvo : lateribus denticulatis. 
Hab. in Brazilia ; Hooker. 

Flores virides, unicolores, salvo apice luteo labelli; majores quaui in 
C. Hookeri cui proximum locetur. 

5. Catasetum purum. Nees ab Esenb. Plantarum in h. med. Bonnens. Icon. 
p. 1. t. I. 

C. foliis lineari-lanceolatis, perianthio patente obsolete punctato, labello 
ventricoso apice incurvo concolore ciliato integerrimo. 

Hab. in Brazilia j Nees ab Esenb. 

Planta rarissima, in anno 1824 in Horto medico Bonnensi sub auspiciis 
Sinningii hortulani periti floruit. C. lurido valde similis est, sed folia 
hujus quadruplb latiora ; an eadem ? 

Flores virides immaculati, v. vix maculati, magnitudine C. Hookeri. 

6. Catasetum luridum. 

C. foliis oblongis 5-plicatis, perianthio globoso vix maculato, labello ven- 
tricoso concolore apice recto integerrimo. 

Amruloa lurida. Link, in Verhandl. des Vereins. Z. be/, det Oartenb. in dem KoMgl 
Preuss. Staat. 1. p. 289. t. 6. 

Hab. in Brazilia-, Link. 

C Hookeri simillimum ; verosimiliter diversum foliis latioribus, labello 
minus maculato et minus apice incurvo, nee ad marginem denticulato. 
An idem ac C. semiapertum ? diferre videtur labelli marginibus integer- 
nmis, nee serrulatis. 

7. Catasetum cristatum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 966. 

C foliis oblongo-lanceolatis multiplicatis, perianthiis explanatis, sepalo su- 
premo petalisque conniventibus, labello fimbriato cristatoque expanse 
Hab. in Brazilia ad sinum Si. Salvatoris , G. Don. (v. v. c.) 
Flores virides j labellum album fimbriis clavatis. 
Myanthus esset, si saccus labello abfuit cirrhioue aLutpuK column*. 

VANDE^. 157 


Monachanthus. Lindl. iti Bot. Reg. 1538. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala et petala aequalia, deorsum versa. La- 
bellum posticum, carnosum, indivisum, ventricosum, sepalis mult6 
majus. Columna brevis, crassa, mutica. Anthera .... Pollinia . . . . 
Epiphyta, Cataseti habitu. 

This genus differs from Catasetum in the want of cirrhi upon its short 
column, and in the expanded perianthium, the five segments of which are 
turned all one way, like those of Eulophia. 

1. Monachanthus viridis. 

Hab. in Brazilia, supra arbores in Corcovado. (v. ic. pict. et s. sp. in herb. 

The fleshy stems are exactly those of Catasetum, as are the leaves, ex- 
cept that they are shorter. In the drawing I have examined, the flowers 
are represented in pairs from the apex of an erect scape about 9 inches 
high : they are fleshy, and of a deep uniform green, with a labellum that 
looks something like a hood drawn over a little face represented by the 


Stanhopea. Hooker in Bot. Mag. 2948-9 . (Nov. 1 829-J Ceratochilus. Lindl.'jn Lodd. 

Bot. Cab. 1414, non Blumii. 

Perianthium membranaceum, patentissimum v. reflexum. Sepala libera, 
subundulata, mole sua ruentia. Petala conformia angustiora. Labellum 
liberum, anticum, ecalcaratum, carnosum, utrinque cornutum j dimidio 
superiore (epichilio) convexo, inferiore (hypochilio) excavato. Co- 
lumna longissima, petaloideo-marginata. Anthera 2-locularis. Pol- 
linia 2, elongata, fissa, caudicula quam glandula biloba stipitata breviore. 
■ — — Epiphytai pseudo-bulbosae. Folia plicata. Scapi radicales, vagi- 
nati, pauciflori. Flores maximi magis minusve maculati. 

1. Stanhopea insignis. Hooker I. c. 

S. labello medio quam maxime constricto, hypochilii subrotundi lateribus 

cornutis incurvis, epichilio ovato medio depresso cornubus duobus baseos 


Epidendrum grandiflorum. Humb. et Bonpl. PL aq. p. 94. t. 27. 

Anguloa grandiflora. Id. n. g. et sp. pi. 1. 343. Kunth. Synops. 1. 332. Spreng. Sytt. 
3. 726. 

Hab. supra arborum vetustarum truncos in umbrosis syivis prope Cuenca 

»n Quito; Humb. et Bonpl. (v. v. c.) 
Sepala carnosa, flava, intits sanguineo guttata. Petala undulata, reflexa, 

minus lutea, sanguineo interrupts fasciata. Labellum albidum, atro- 

sanguineo dense guttatum. 

*• Stanhopea Bucephalus. 

S. labello medio constricto, hypochilio cymbiformi utrinque carinato mar- 
ginibus muticis, metachilio subtus calloso pulvinato marginibus carnoso- 
petaloideis auriculatis carinatis inflexis sublobatis, epichilio ovato-lan- 
ceolato basi bicorni : cornubus spatulatis carnosis divaricatis elongatu. 

1£8 VANDE^E. 

Ilab. in Mexico; Ruiz. et. Pavon. (exam. s.sp. in Hort. Lambert.) 
Folium fere pedale, in petiolum longum angustatum, membranaceum, 
parum plicatum. Flores magnitudine S. oculatae. Sepala lateralia 
lanceolata angusta et petala undulata. Hypochilium metachilio longius 
a fronte angustatum. Epichilii cornua metachilio et hypochilio simul 
sumptis longitudine aequalia ; lamina verosimiliter concava basi an- 
gustata, cornubus longior, basi squamula recurva aucta. Flores duos 
apertos et folium unicum chartae agglutinatum tantum vidi. 

3. Stanhopea grandiflora. 

S. labello oblongo non medio constricto, hypochilio pone basin bicorni, 
epichilio ovato acuto, metachilio duplb longiore solido plano-convexo 
antice truncato tridentato, scapo erecto bifloro petalis breviore. 

Ccratochilus grandiflorus. Loddiges Bot. Cab. 1. 1414. 

Hab. in insula Trinitatis ; Loddiges. (v. v. c. comm. amic. Loddiges.) 
Flores candidi. 

4. Stanhopea eburnea. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1529. 

5. labello oblongo non medio constricto, hypochilio pone basin bicorni, 
epichilio ovato-oblongo obtuso, metachilio duplb longiore solido plano- 
convexo untice truncato bidentato, scapo pendulo bifloro petalis duplo- 

Hab. in Brazilia, prope Rio Janeiro ; Loddiges. (v. v. c. comm. cl. Batman.) 
Scapi penduli, biflori, cum ovario 4^ poll, longi. Vaginae laxae, ovatae, 
obtusae, internodis vix aequales. Flores candidi. Sepala oblongo- 
lanceolata, 2£ poll, longa, l£ lata. Petala conformia, angustiora. _!*- 
bellum cornubus e medio margine hypochilii, metachilioque lineis 
quibusdam interruptis purpureis notatis. 

5. Stanhopea oculata. 

S. labello medio constricto, hypochilii elongati lateribus comutis erectis 

basi bimaculatis, epichilio ovato acuminato cornubus duobus baseos in- 

Ceratochilus oculatus. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1764. 
Hab. in Brazilia, Loddiges. (v. v. c.) 
Flores pallide lutescentes, maculis plurimis sanguineis ocellatis conspersi 

Labellum hypochilio vitellino, utrinque macula atropurpurefi. ovali magna 



Gongora. Fl. Peruv. Prodr. 117. *. 25. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala lateralia libera divaricata ; supretnum 
cum dorso column* connatum. Petala minora, columnae medio adnata. 
Labellum cum basi columnae continuum, liberum, unguiculatum, hyP°* 
chilio explanato utrinque cornuto, epichilio verticali ancipiti (faciebus 
oppositis complicatis connatis) acuminato. Columna longissima, area* 
ata, clayata, marginata. Anthera subbilocularis. Pollinia % linearis, 

in caudiculam cuneatam sessilia. Herbae epiphytae pseudobulbo»«- 

Folia plicata. Racemi longissimi, flexuosi, multiflori. 

VANDE.E. 159 

1. Gongora atropurpurea. Hooker Exot. Fl. t. 178. 

G. foliis multiplicatis, sepalis e lata basi acuminatis, hypochilio sub-4-cor- 
nuto denticulis interjectis. 

Hab. in insula Trinitatis ; Hooker. 

Pseudobulbi costati. Racemi bipedales. Flores atropurpurei, immaculati. 

2. Gongora quinquenervis. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 227. 

G. foliis 5-plicatis lanceolatis, sepalis concavis basi angustatis, hypochilio 
bicorni dorso calloso. 

Hab. in sylvis Pozuzo supra arbores; Ruiz et Pavon. Floret Augusto. 
Septembre et Octobre. 

Flores luteo-purpurascentes ; ex FL Per. 


Coryanthes. Hooker. Bot. Mag. 3102. 

Perianthium patentissimum. Sepala dilatata, flexuosa, conduplicata ; late- 
ralibus maximis, basi distinctis. Petala mult6 minora erecta. Label- 
lum unguiculatum, maximum, galeatum, cum basi columnae continuum, 
nullo modo articulatum, tridentatum, in medio unguis appendice pocu- 
liformi circumdatum. Columna teres, basi bicornis, elongata, apice re- 
curva, bialata. Stigma rima transversa. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 
2, compressa, postice sulcata, caudicula lineari arcuata, glandula lunata 

apicibus approximato-recurvis. Herbae epiphytae, pseudobulbosae. 

Folia striata. Racemi penduli. Flores maximi. 

1. Coryanthes speciosa. Hooker I. c. 

I;- foliis angustfe lanceolatis, scapis erectis bifloris, labello unicolore. 

Gongora speciosa. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 2755. 

Hab. m Brazilia praesertim supra arbores in collem Victoria dictum prope 

sinum Si. Salvatoris, ubi caespites latos efficit. (v. v. c. comm. eel. 


Flores odorem subingratum spirant. 

The two horns at the base of the column secrete from their points a 
great quantity of honey, which is caught in the cup-like appendage of the 
*P- Mr. Harrison informs me that the sepals when newly expanded open 
out flat like a bat's wing, and that they are approaching the period of 
Withering when in the state represented in Dr. Hooker's plate. 

2- Coryanthes maculata. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 3102. 

• follis lato-lanceolatis, scapis nutantibus multifloris, labello inttts purpu- 

ab. in sylvis Demerarce, supra arbores ; Parker. 
Scapi floribus 5 maximis onusti et decurvi. 

3 * Cob *anthes macrantha. Hooker I. c. 

c - foliis...., scapis...., labello basi utrinque quater plicato : plicis 

J an. 1833. Y 

160 VANDE.E. 

Gongora mMrantha . Hooker in Bot. Mitcell. t. 80. 

Hab. in Caraccis ; Lockhart. 

Flores maximi generis. Columna basi utrinque auriculata. 


• Anguloa. Fl. Peruv. Prodr. 1 18. t. 26. 

Perianthium clausum, globosum. Sepala et petala libera, eoncava, subae- 
qualia. Labellum longe unguiculatum, cucullatum, bilobum, lacinulft 
intermedia reflexa. Columna semiteres, clavata, apice bicornis. An- 
thera rostrata. Pollinia 2, caudicula lanceolata, (bifida?) glandula 
parva ovali. Herba pseudobulbosa. Folia plicata. Scapi uniflori. 

Character ex Fl. Peruviana. 

1. Anguloa uniflora. Fl. Peruv. Syst. p. 228. 

A. ** bulbis ovatis ancipitibus, foliis lanceolatis 7-nervibus plicatis, scapis 

Hab. in Muna et Chincao runcationibus, vernacule Carpales dictis, et pro- 
fuse in Tarmte nemoribus ad Huayahal, Chanchamayo et Siusa tractus; 
floret Augusto et Septembre; Ruiz et Pavon. 

2. Anguloa superba. Humb. el Kunth. N. G. et Sp. PI. 1. 343. t. 93. 
Kunth. Synops. 1. 332. 

A. * foliis subtrinerviis, pedunculis multifloris, calycibus elausis." 

Periquito Hispanorum. 

Hab. supra arbores in temperatis Provincial Tumbezensis, juxta Zaruma 
Peruvianorum, et pagum Catacocha ; colitur in hortis Loxensibus, alt. 
1050 hexap. j floret Julio ; Humboldt et Bonpl. 

Odorem dulcem, nee tamen suavem spirat. Pseudobulbi oblongi, striato- 
costati, monophylli. Folia petiolata, oblongo-lanceolata, acuminata, 
undulata, 10-poll. longa. Scapus pauciflorus, folio brevior. Perian- 
thium subglobosum, foliolis coriaceo-carnosis, rubris, maculis purpureis 
vanegatis. Labellum posticum, inferne angustatum, superne trilobum, 
purpureo-maculatum, medio zona transversali alba notatum, tuberculis- 
que 2 alaeformibus instructum : lobis lateralibus rotundatis intermedio 
emarginato latioribus. Columna subalata, carnosa, brevis, nivea, basi 
margine punctis raris picta. Ex Kunth. 


Peristeria. Hooker Bot. Mag. 3116. 

Perianthium globosum. Sepala basi subconnata, eoncava, basi labello 
connata. Petala conformia, pau!6 minora. Labellum erectum medio 
articulatum ; dimidio superiore obovato truncato medio pulvinato infe- 
riore bilobo columna continuo. Columna erecta, semiteres, basi mag- 
na dilatata. Anthera ecristata, bilocularis. Pollinia 2, postice fissa, 

glandula sessili nuda rostellum involvente. Herba subterrestris, 

p^udob^ulbosa. F ua plura, plicata. Scapi vaginati, radicales, mol* 

VANDE.E. 161 

1. Pkhisteria elata. Hooker I. c. 

Hab. in Panama, ubi vernacule appellatur El Spirito Santo, (v. v. c. comm. 
eel. Harrison.") 

Pseudobulbus ovatus, ovi cygnei magnitudine, folia 3-5 gerens, 2-3-pe- 
dalia, 6 poll, lata, lanceolata, acuta, plicata. Scapus 4-pedalis, multi- 
florus. Flores albidi, globosi, odorem subaromaticum debilem spirantes. 
Labellum cum columna continuum nee articulatum, tripartitum, lobo 
medio (epicbilio) cum inferiore elastice artieulato, carnoso, convexo, 
purpureo-punctato, apiculato, bicorni j cornubus tenuibus planis obtusis 
porrectis subdenticulatis ; lobi laterales in medio tuberculo depresso, 
angulato, acuto, augentur. 


Sepalum supremum cum petalis parallelum galeam referens j lateralia la- 
bello indiviso inappendiculato supposita, cum pede parum producto 
columnae connata. Columna alato-marginata. Pollinia 4, collateralia 

(oo oo), per paria connata, caudicula lineari, glandula parva. Folia 

plicata, membranacea, ex ochrea infundibulari exserta. Scapus termi- 
nalis, distanter vaginatus, multiflorus. Flores bilabiati. 
. 1. Eucnemis brevilabris. 

Hab. in Mexico; Ruiz et Pavon. (exam. s. sp. in herb. Lambert.) 
Folia oblongo-lanceolata, basi valde angustata, plicata. Scaptis foliis 
longior. Bracteas oblongae, acutse, ovario longiores. Alabastri acinaci- 
formes, obtusissimi. Labellum ovatum planum, membranaceum, indi- 


Cymbidium. Swartz. Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 70. Camaridium. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 844. 

"erianthium explanatum, petalis sepalisque subaequalibus liberis. Label- 
lum sessile, liberum, ecalcaratum, concavum, cum basi columnae nunc 
articulatum, nunc leviter connatum, indivisum v. trilobum. Columna 
erecta, semiteres. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, saepius postice bi- 
loba, in glandulam subtriangularem subsessilia. 

Cymbidium, as understood in this work, is no doubt made up of several 
v ery different genera, the characters of which, from want of sufficient in- 
formation and the knowledge of a greater number of species, cannot be 
positively made out. I presume each section will be hereafter recognised 
as distinct, for which reason I have given them names which may be re- 
tained either as generic or sectional. 

The first, or the Eucymbidia, are the genuine species, all of which have 

two lamellae more or less distinctly shewn upon the lip Camaridium 

"light perhaps have been safely continued separate. Bolbidium is very 

"ear Maxillaria. Angidium is altogether distinct, but I am not sure 

that I have made out its characters rightly. 

S !• Acaulia, ebulbia, foliis saspius ensiformibus, floribus galeatis, labello lamelU duplici. 

4 o ( ElJC YMBIDIUM.) 

) 2. Caulescentia, ebulbia. (Pseudo-Vanda.) 

5 * Caulescentia, axillis pseudobulbiferis, floribus non galeatis. (Camaridium.) 
S *• Rhizoma repens, pseudobulbos 1-2-phyllos gerens. (Bolbidium.) 

* 5. Acaulia, tuberosa, foliis plicatis, columna alata, labello indiviso nudo, (ANGimuM.) 

t Species dubiac. 

162 VANDE.E. 

§ I. Acaulia, ebulbia,foliis scepius ensiformibus,jloribus galeatis, labello lamelld 
duplici. (Eucymbidium.) 

1. Cymbidium sinense. Willd. Sp. PL 4. 111. 

C. foliis lanceolato-ensiformibus subcarnosis striatis, scapis erectis multi- 
floris, bracteis ovario subaequalibus, sepalis petalisque oblongo-lanceo- 
latis (vix striatis,) labello oblongo obtuso indiviso revoluto : lamellis 
arcuatis apice dilatatis conniventibus. 

Epidendrum sinense. Andr. Bot. Rep. 3. t. 216, Bot. Mag. 888. 

C. fragrans. Salisb. in Hort. Trans. 1.261. 

Hab. in China, (v. v. c.) 

Flores fusco-purpurei odoratissimi, labello luteo-viridi maculate 

Adest speciei alterius icon in Bibl. Hort. Soc. Lond. (C. floribundim.) a C. 
sinense diversse floribus numerosissimis minoribus, sepalis obtusis, la- 
bello trilobo sanguineo medio luteo. 

2. Cymbidium ensifolium. Stoartz. Nov. Act. Ups. 6.77- 

C. foliis ensiformibus striatis acutis, scapis erectis multifloris, bracteis 
ovario duplo brevioribus, sepalis petalisque lineari-oblongis acutis, la- 
bello indiviso planiusculo oblongo obtuso revoluto : lamellis arcuatis m- 
conspicuis continuis. 

Epidendrum ensifolium. Linn. Sp. PL 1352. Smith Spicileg. Bot. 22. t. 24. 

Liinodorum ensatum. Thunb. Jap. 29. Banks. Ic. Kcempf. t. 3. 

C. ensifolium. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 1 12. But. Mag. 1 751 . 

Hab. in China, (v. v. c.) 

Flores viridi-lutei venis purpureis striati. Labellum maculatum. 

3. Cymbidium xiphiifolium. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 5'29. 

C. foliis lineari-ensiformibus cartilagineo-serrulatis striatis acutis, scapis 
erectis 4-5-floris, bracteis inferioribus acuminatis ovario brevioribus 
superioribus majoribus, sepalis petalisque lineari-oblongis acutis uni- 
coloribus, labello indiviso cucullato revoluto obtuso intus bicalcarato. 

Hab. in China ; Hort. (hab. s. c. et v. v.) 

Flores pallidi virides unicolores. 

4. Cymbidium haematodes. 

C. foliis lineari-ensatis 3 costatis, scapo erecto multifloro, bracteis lanceo- 
latis acuminatis ovario longioribus, sepalis lineari-oblongis acutis, petalis 
lanceolatis undulatis, labelli lobis lateralibus rotundatis obsoletis inter- 
medio ovato undulato acutiusculo : lamellis arcuatis integris. 

Hal), in Zeylona, in locis humidis umbrosis sylvarum, florens Julio, Ma- 
crae ; (hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

Raceams 6-7 florus. Sepala et petala albida, venis roseis lineata. Label- 
lum album maculis parvis sanguineis circa ora guttatum. Coluui» a 

5. Cymbidium macrorhizon. 

C. foliis...., rhizomate repente subterraneo articulato, scapo ascendente 
laxe vaginato, racemo stricto laxo paucifloro, sepalis lineari-oblongis, 
petalis latioribus acutloribus, labelli trilobi concavi lobis lateralibus ro- 
tundatis intermedio elongato obtuso convexo revoluto : lamellis arcua- 
tis apice dilatatis conniventibus. 

Hab. prope viam in Cashmere circa gradum 31 lat. bor. in vallibus sole 
fervido calentibus, Royle. (exam. s. sp. in herb. Royle.) 

Yerosimiliter aphyllum. Vnginae et bracteae inferiores ventricosae, acutse. 
Sepala liiieas 10 longa. 

VANDE.E. 163 

6. Cymbidium cyperifolium. Wall. Cat. no. 7353. 

C. foliis lineari-ensiformibus acutis striatis tricostatis scapis strictis longi- 
oribus, bracteis foliaceis acuminatis ovariis longioribus, sepalis petalis- 
que lineari-oblongis acutis striatis, labelli 3-lobi canaliculati lobis late- 
ralibus acutis intermedio ovato refracto: lamellis subparallelis continuis. 

Hab. in Sylhet, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 

Sepala et petala 1^ poll, longa, viridia, basi purpurascentia. Labellum 
pallide viride, lamina bis quaterve purpureo-maculata, hypochilio venis 
purpureis confluentibus marginato. 

7- Cymbidium longifolium. Don. Prodr. Nep. 36. Wall. Cat. no. 7356. 

C. foliis lineari-ensiformibus striatis acutis, scapo erecto nutante multi- 
floro, bracteis minutis, sepalis lineari-oblongis petalisque lineari-spatu- 
latis falcatis acutis striatis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus brevibus 
acutis intermedio ovato acuto subcordato : lamellis parallelis continuis 

Limodorum angustifoliura. Hamilt. ic. penes Dom. Bauer. 

Hab. in Napalia el Kamaon ; Wallich. {hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl Ind. et v. ic. 

Sepala et petala 1-| poll, longa, viridia, sanguineo-striata. Labellum cuin 
pede columnae connatum, flavum, venis maculisque quibusdam sanguin- 
eis notatum. 

8. Cymbidium giganteum. Wall. Cat. no. 7355. 

C. toliis ensiformibus striatis acutis racemo cernuo multifloro longioribus, 
bracteis minutis, sepalis oblongis petalisque lineari-lanceolatis acutis, 
labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus parvis acutis basi pubescentibus inter- 
medio multb majore ovato acuto undulato medio barbato: lamellis arcu- 
atis apice connatis pilosis. 

Limodorum longifolium. Hamilt. ic. penes Dom. Bauer. 
? Cymb. iridioides. Don. Prodr. 36. 

Hab. in Napalia ; Wallich (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 
Scapus li pedalis, nutans, vaginis inflatis acuminatis. Flores fusco-pur- 
purei, ochroleuco marginati. Sepala 2 poll, longa, f lata. Labellum 
cum basi columnae connatum, ochroleucum, fusco-purpureo venosum 
et maculatum, ciliatum. Capsula 4 poll, longa, 6-costata, ovalis. 
Racemi post antbesin erccti. 
Obs. Anthera non cum columna articulata, sed a facie ad dorsum usque 
omninb continua ; revera est mera cavitas apicis columns?. 

9- Cymbidium elegans. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7354. 

C. foliis lineari-ensiformibus acutis striatis racemo (densissimo) oblongo 
nutante longioribus, bracteis brevibus squamiformibus, floribus cylin- 
draceis, sepalis petalisque lineari-oblongis obtusiusculis, labelli cuneati 
canaliculati apice trilobi lobis lateralibus acutis intermedio recto acuto 
pariim longiore : lamellis connatis basi abrupte discretis. 

Limodorum cyperifolium. Hamilt. ic. penes Dom. Bauer. 

Hab. in Napalia; Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 

Racenaus aliquando 8 poll, longus, 3 4 p. latus, oblongus ; nunc njult6 

164 VANDEiE. 

minor, 10-florus. Vaginae, scapi inflates, acuminata;, internodiis longi- 
ores. Flores viridi-lutei. X Labellum intus sanguineo-punctatum. Pol- 
Hnia pyriformia, postice fissa, basi discreta. 

10. Cymbidium lancifolium. Hooker Exot. Fl. t. 51. 

C. foliis radicalibus oblongo-lanceolatis acutis scapis erectis paucifloris 
longioribus, bracteis ovario 3pl6 brevioribus, labello 3-lobo apice re- 
curvo linea media elevata sulcata, caulibus fusiformibus carnosis. 
Hab. in Napalia ,- Wallich. (hub. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 
Sepala Candida ; petala Candida medio rosea ; labellum candidum sangui- 
neo-maculatum, lobo medio acuto. Labelli fabricam non videre conti- 
git ; Icon Wallichiana indicat duas lamellas contiguas. 

11. Cymbidium suave. Brown Prodr. 331. 

C. '* foliis elongato-linearibus carinatis, scapis axillaribus basi bracteis 
imbricatis, racemis multifloris, perianthio patenti foliolis obtusis, label- 
lo ecarinato indiviso." 

Hab. in Nova Hollandia, prope Portum Jackson; R. Brown. 

12. Cymbidium canaliculatum. Brown Prodr. 331. 

C. " foliis elongatis linearibus alte carinatis rigidis, scapis axillaribus bisi 
bracteis imbricatis, racemis multifloris, perianthio patenti foliolis acuti-> 
labello intus bicarinato : apice trilobo." 

Hab. in Nova Hollandia tropica j R. Brown. 

13. Cymbidium Finlaysonianum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7358. 

C. foliis ....,scapo gracillimo (pendulo ?) flexuoso multifloro, bracteis 
brevissimis squamaeformibus, sepalis petalisque lineari-oblongis obtu- 
sis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus acutis intermedio oblongo undulati> 
obtuso recurvo : lamellis ultra medium interruptis : dimidiis superioribus 

Hab. in Coch'inchina, ad sinum Turon, Finlayson. (hab. s. sp. sine foliis e 
Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Sepala 1-jp poll, longa. 

14. Cymbidium bicolor. 

C. foliis ensiformibus carnosis obliqufe obtusis, racemis pendulis multi- 
floris, bracteis minutis, sepalis petalisque lineari-oblongis acutiusculis» 
labelli trilobi saccati lobis lateralibus intermedioque ovato acutis : * 8 * 
niellis sigmoideis clavatis medio interruptis basi callosis. 

C. aloifolium. Blume Bijdr. t. 19. non Smarts. 

Hab. in Zeylona, Macrae ; etiam in Java, ad radicem montis Salak, Blu>i' e - 
(hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

Sepala et petala purpurea, viridi pallido limbata. Labellum apice revolu- 
tum, pallide viride, intra apicem purpureum, extils ad sinus bimac"' 

Nearly related to C. aloifolium, but certainly distinct in its saccate la- 
bellum, the lamella; of which are curved like an S, clavate at the ape*> 
interrupted in the middle, thicker in the lower half, and having a callu s 
at their base. The flowers are smaller, and very differently coloured. 

VANDEiE. 165 

15. Ctmbidium aloifolium. Swartz. Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 73. 

C. foliis ensiformibus coriaceis oblique obtusis, racemis pendulis multi- 
floris, bracteis minutis, petalis sepalisque lanceolatis obtusiusculis, la- 
belli revoluti lobis lateralibus acutis intermedio oblongo obtuso : lamel- 
lis interruptis clavatis postice arcuatis. 

Kansyram-maravara. Rheede Mai. 12. t. 8. 
Epidendrum aloifolium. Linn. Sp. PI. 1350. 
Aerides Borassi. Smith 1 in Rees Cycl. suppl. 

Hab. supra arbores per omnem continentem Indue orientalis, in insulis 
verosimiliter ignotum ; floret Aprili ; Roxburgh, Buchanan, (v. v. c. et s. 

Sepala paten tia j petala circa columnam suberecta. Labellum cucullatum, 
3-lobum, integerrimum, basi saccatum, disco duobus paribus callorum, 
uno pare in medio clavato altero versus basin arcuato. Columna semi- 
teres, erecta, libera, stigmate concavo elliptico transverso. Anthera 
terminalis, opercularis, 1-locularis, non cristata, decidua. Pollinia 2, 
sessilia in glandulam stigma relinquentem, trigona, posticfe lobulo 

16. Cymbidium Wallichii. 

C. foliis latis ensiformibus apice oblique retusis emarginatis, racemis lon- 
gissimis pendulis multifloris, bracteis minutis, sepalis petalisquelineari- 
oblongis acutis intermedio lineari-oblongo : lamellis continuis parallelis. 

C. aloifolium. Wall. Cat. no. 7352. 

Hab. in Cochinehina, Fmlayson; in Penang, Porter; ad ripas Hum in is Attran, 
fVallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Angl. Lad.) 

17. Cymbidium pendulum. Swartz. Nov. Act. Ups. 6.73. 30. 

C. foliis ensiformibus coriaceis oblique obtusis, racemis pendulis multi- 
floris, bracteis minutis, petalis sepalisque lineari-oblongis obtusis, label- 
li trilobi lobis lateralibus acutis intermedio ovato acuto : lamellis con- 
tinuis approximatis apice confluentibus. 

Epidendrum pendulum. Roxb. Coram. 1. 35. t. 44. 
C. crassifolium. Wall. Cat. no. 7357. 

Hab. in arbores in provincia Silhet, Roxburgh ; etiam ad Noakote, florens 
Maio, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

Racemus 2-pedalis. Flores straminei, venis sanguineis lineati. Folia 1|- 
3-pedali;i. An idem ? C. pendulum, Blume Bijdr. " foliis lato-line- 
aribus basi canaliculars rigidis apice oblique retusis, spica longissi- 
nia pendula, labello intus carinato." Hab. ad marginem fluminis Tjapus, 
in montanis Salak Java ; cui sepala lineari-oblonga acuminata margina 
revoluta, flavescentia, basi sordide purpurascentia. 

1 8. Cymbidium limbatum. Hooker in Herb. 

C. foliis oblongis coriaceis planis, racemis (pendulis ?) multifloris, bracteis 
minutis, sepalis petalisque linearibus obtusis, labelli trilobi canaliculati 
lobis lateralibus acutis intermedio lineari obtuso, loco lamellarum eallis 
duobus sub sinubus squamisque 2 obliquis carnosis pone basin labelli. 

Hab. in insula Trinitatis : Shepherd, (exam. 8. sp. in herb. Hooker.) 

J9- ? Cymbidium violaceum. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. 1.341. 

C " foliis distichis oblongo-ellipticis obtusia canaliculatis intern^ macula- 

166 VANDEiE. 

tis, pedunculo paucifloro, calycis foliolis exterioribus lanceolato-oblon- , 
gis : duobus interioribus subcrenulatis, labello trilobo : lobo intermedio 
subrotundo emarginato crenulato interne ruguloso-venoso." 

Hab. in sylvis Orinocensibus prope Cataractas Aturensium, et San Fernando 
de Atabapo, florens Maio : Humb. et Bonpl. 

Epiphyta. Folia eoriacea vix 3-poll., pollice l.itiora, basi vaginantia. 
Vaginae inferiores aphyllae, apice acuminata?, lf-2-poll. Scapus sub- 
8-poll. usque supra medium vaginis vestitus. Flores violaeei, patentis- 
simi. Sepala acuta, crassiuscula, 2-pollicaria. Petala utrinque acuta 
exterioribus paulo longiora. Labellum basin versus flavura. Pollinia 
ignota. Ex Kunth. 

20 Cymbidium flabelliforme. Swariz. Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 73. 

C. " acaule, compressum, foliis basi attenuatis carinatis superne planis 
ovato-lanceolatis nervosis, scapis abbreviatis unifloris. Swartz. Fl. Ind. 
Occ. 3.1471. 

Epidendr. flabelliforme. Swartz. Prodr. 123. 

Hab. rarius in arboribus montium Jamaica ; Swartz. 

Folia omnia radicalia in formam flabelli disposita ; media plusquam pedalia. 
Scapi radicales foliis multo breviores. Bracteas 2, spathaceae, ovatse, 
acutas, sub flore breviter pedicellato magno. Sepala et petala undulata, 
subaequalia, pollicaria, ovato-lanceolata, lineato-venosa, concava, alba. 
Labellum conforme, patens, ante columnam bicarinatum, marginibus 
ad basin erectis, undulatis; apice planiusculum acutum. Ex Swartz. 

21. Cymbidium aculeatum. Swartz. in Schrad. Diar. 1799-225. 

C. foliis linearibus patentibus scapo erecto flexuoso brevioribus, racemo 
denso paucifloro, sepalis petalisque conniventibus oblongis obtusis, la- 
belli obovati trilobi lobis lateralibus acutis intermedio oblongo recto 
rotundato : lamellis basi integris apice aculeatis. 

Satyrium aculeatum. Linn. Suppl. 402. 

Serapias aculeata. Thunb. Prodr. 3. 

C. aculeatum. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 71. Willd. Sp. PL 4. 108. 

Eulophia aculeata. Spreng. Syst. 3. 720. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Sp., in summo Taffelberg, in planitiem frontis, Thunberg. 

(hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Lehmann.) 
Flores parvi, flavi ; labelli laminae albae purpureaeque. 

22. Cymbidium tabulare. Swartz in Schrad. Diar. 1799-224. 

C. folio lineari solitario, scapo flexuoso striato, floribus 5 cernuis, sepalis 
ovatis obtusis concavis erectis, petalis conformibus patentibu9, labello 
breviore convoluto concavo obtusissimo tripartito : lobis ovatis integris 
intermedio concavo breviore exciso. 

Satyrium tabulare. Linn. Suppl. 402. 

Serapias tabularis. Thunb. Prodr. 3. 

C. tabulare. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 108. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 70. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Sp., in planitiem montis tabularis prope frontem, Thun- 
berg. r 

Flores virescentcs. Labellum totum flavum. Scapus vix pedalis. Folium 
digitate. r r 

VANDEiE. 167 

23. Cvmbidium flabellatum. 

C. foliis lineari-loratis distichis flabellatis scapo longioribus, racemo pau- 
cifloro, sepalis ovatis acutis, petalis erectis brevioribus, labelli lobis 
lateralibus acutis intermedio crispo trilobo : lobo terminali emarginato. 

Limodorum flabellatum. Thouars Orch. Afr. t. 39. 40. 

Hab. in Madagascaria ; Thouars. 

Folia 2 pedalia. Flores purpureo-lutei. 

24. Cvmbidium subulatum. Swartz. N. Act. Ups. 6. 73. 

C. " acaule, foliis subulatis sulcatis, racemis radicalibus." Swartz. Fl. Ind. 
Occ. 3. 1473. 

Epidendrum subulatum. Id. Prodr. 123. 

Hab. supra arbores in sylvis Jamaica interioris ; Swartz. 

Folia subpedalia, carnosa, parum recurvata. Racemi radicales 1-2-polli- 
cares, 4-6-flori, laxi. Petala et sepala lato r linearia, subpatentia. Label- 
lum ovatum, aeutum, concavum, petalorum magnitudine. Ex Swartz. 

§. Caulescentia, ebulbia. (Pseudo-Vanda.) 

25. Cvmbidium tenuifolium. fVilld. no. 39. 

C. foliis teretibus, umbellis subsessilibus, sepalis linearibus obtusis paten- 
tibus sub apice mucronatis, petalis longioribus, labello oblongo concavo 
disco tricalloso basi auriculato apiee membranaceo bilobo. 

Tsierou-mau-maravara. Rheede 12. r. 5. 
Epidendr. tenuifolium. Linn. Sp. 1348. 

Hab. in Malabaria, Rheede ; in Zeylona, supra arbores ad Peradeniam, 
Macrae, (hab. s.sp. et v. ic.pict.) 

Sepala luteo-viridia, basi leviter connata, labello breviora. Petala ejusdem 
coloris. Labelluin pallide viride, purpureo pictum, facie Ophrydis cujus- 
dam. Columna parva, libera, quadrata ; stigmate totam faciem occu- 
pante. Pollinia 2, solida, leviter hinc excavata j caudicula lata elastica ; 
glandula lata. 

26. Cvmbidium triste. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 99. 

C. foliis teretibus, umbellis subsessilibus, sepalis petalisque conniventibus 
carnosis oblongis cyuabiformibus, labello oblongo sepalis duplo latiore. 

Epidendrum teres. Thunb. 

fcpidendrum triste. Forst. Prodr. n. 314. 

i-msia teretifolia. Gaudich. Voy. 427. t. 37. 

* anda ? trichorhiza. Hooker Exot. Fl. 72. 

Hab. in. Nova Caledonia, Forster j insulis Marianis, Gaudichaud ; Japonia, 
Thunberg ; ad Noakote Napalia, Wallich j Zeylona, Macrae ; (hab. s. sp. 
et v. ic. pict.) 

Columna brevis semiteres, carnosa. Anthera 1-locularis, mucronulata. 
Poll. 2, globosa, cava, caudicula brevi deltoidea, glandula oblonga. Ex- 
emplaria vermibus destructa tantum vidi. 

Caulis simplex, palmaris, vaginis sulcatis foliorum obtectus. Folia teretia, 
6-7-uncias longa, arcuata. Spicae laterales, breves, rigidae, multiflorae. 
Bracteae rotundatae, nanae. Perianthium connivens. Sepala ovata, obtusa. 
Fetala conformia, paulo minora. Labellum saccato-concavum, liberum, 
oblongum, trilobum ; lobis lateralibus abbreviatis, intermedio rotundato 
transverso. Columna brevis. Anthera subrotunda, ecristata. Pollinia 
2, obovata, caudicula obovata, rostello longo hamato. Ex Gaudich. 
Jan. 1833. z 



§. 3. Caulescentia, axillis pseudobulbiferis, floribus non galeatis. (Camabidium.) 

27. Cymbidium vestitum. Swartz. N. Act. Ups. 6. 70. 

C. " caule dichotomo vaginis undique irabricato apice axillisquebulbifero, 

bulbis 1-phyllis, floribus confertis e vaginis caulis." Swartz. Fl. Ind. 

Occ. 3. 1448. 

Camaridium purpureum. Spreng. Syst. 3. 735. 
Epidendrum vestitum. Swartz. Prodr. 124. 

Hab. in arboribus Jamaica temperatioris, nee non ad latera rupiumi 

Folium sessile, lato-lanceolatum, submembranaceum, integrum, rigidum. 
Flores minuti, purpurei. Sepala et petala subaequalia : hsc paulb an- 
gustiora, ovato-lanceolata, concava, subpatentia. Labellum petalis di- 
midio minus, deltoideum, inferne angustius, convexum, callo bifido co- 
lumnar basi approximatum, medio concavum, subreflexum, angulis 
marginalibus erectiuseulis, apice attenuatum obtusum. Capsula ovata, 
parva, sub-3-gona, 3-carinata. Ex Swartz. 

28. Cymbidium ochroleucum. 

C. caulescens, axillis pseudobulbiferum, foliis ligulatis carinatis apice ob- 
lique emarginatis, floribus solitariis axillaribus, sepalis petalisque aequa- 
liter patentibus lineari-oblongis subspatulatis acutiusculis, labello cu- 
cullato trilobo disco barbato. 

Camaridium ochroleucum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 844. 

Hab. in insula Trinitatis. (v. v. c.) 

Columna libera, erecta, semiteres. Stigma fornicatum, rotundatum. An- 

tbera semibilocularis. Poll. 4, compressa, parallela, caudicula ovata, 

glandula sublunata. 

29 ? Cymbidium glandulosum. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. I. 340. 
C. " bulbo oblongo, foliis late linearibus acutis, pedunculo paucifloro pe- 

diceliisque gland ulosis, calycis foliolis spathulatis, labello trilobo : lobo 

intermedio emarginato." 

Hab. in crepidinibus opacatis montis Avila' v. Silla de Caracas, alt. 128° 
hexap. florens Februario ; Humb. et Bonpl. 

Epipbyta. Folia coriacea, subsexpoll., vix 4 lin. lata. Scapus sub5- 
poll. Flores 3-4, concolores, exsiccati aurantiaci. Sepala et petal* 
spatulata, acuta, reticulato-venosa, fpoll. Labellum brevius, trilo- 
bum, basi concavum columnam involvens ; lobo intermedio lateral^ 
majore subrotundo planiusculo. Pollinia ignota. Ex Kunth. 

SO. ? Cymbidium candidum. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. PI. I. 342- 
C. " bulbo oblongo, foliis lineari-oblongis obtusis, pedunculo bifloro, ca- 
lycis foliolis exterioribus lanceolato-oblongis interioribus subrotundo* 
ovatis crenulatis, labello trilobo : lobo intermedio subrotundo eniarg'* 
nato crenulato." 

Hab. ad truncos Uvariae prope(urbem Carthaginem Popayanensium, ' D 
convalh flumuus Caucs, alt. 470 hexap. florens Septembri ; Humb- et 

FO d?di CO W 8 ,' nervo80 ; 8tria *^ sub 8-poll., 2 poll, fere lata. Flores ca»; 
chd.. bepala acuta, bipollicaria et longiora. Petala paulb loagior* ■ 


tenuiora. Labellum canaliculatum, lineis roseis pictum, basi flavescens, 
lobo intermedio violaceo. Pollinia 4, pedieellata, subrotunda, cereacea. 
Ex Kunth. 
Certainly not a Cymbidium, if tbe Pollen is rightly described. 

31. ? Cymbidium cordigerum. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. 1.341. 

C. " bulbo oblongo, foliis lineari-lanceolatis obtusis, pedunculo paucifloro, 
calycis foliolis spathulatis, labello trilobo : lobo intermedio obcordato 

Hab. regione ferventissima Provinciae Venezuela, inter Santa Barbara, et 
Porto Cabello, alt. 85 hexap. florens Februario ; Humb. et Bonpl. 

Epiphyta. Folia coriacea, vix pedalia, poll. lata. Scapus pedalis. Flores 
circiter 6. Flores patentes, purpurei ? Sepala et petala acutiuscula, 
nervosa, subpollicaria. Labellum longius, lobis lateralibus obliqud 
ovatis obtusis, intermedio maximo piano, exsiecato aurantiaco basin 
versus purpureo. Pollinia ignota. Ex Kunth. 

§. 4. Rhizoma repens, pseudobulbos 1-Z-phyllos gerens. (Bolbidicm.)— An 
hujus loci Maxillaria picta aliaeque ? 

32. Cymbidium diurnum. Swartz. in Schrad. Diar. Eot. 1799. 221. Wdld. 
4. 106. 

C. pseudobulbis ovatis diphyllis, foliis coriaceis lineari-oblongis rectis 
obtusis, scapo terminali paniculato multifloro, sepalis petalisque paten- 
tibus subaequalibus, labelli trilobi axi carinata lobis lateralibus erectis 
abbreviatis acutis membranaceis dentatis intermedio unguiculato obo- 
vato-oblongo bilobo convexo marginibus revolutis. 

Limodorum diurnum. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 3. t. 603. 

Hab. in Bahamis ; Hooker, in arboribus ad Caraccas, Jacquin. (exam. s. sp. 
in herb. Hooker.) 

Pseudobulbus 1| poll. long. Folia 8-poll. Scapus bipedalis. Sepala 
concava ■, petala plana obtusiora. Labelli laciniae laterales columnam 
amplectentes eoque paulb longiores. Labellum ecristatum, basi cum 
columna subparallelum, postea patentissimum. Columna utrinque 
marginato-alata. Clinandrium utrinque marginatum denticulatum. 
Pollinia 2, obscurfe visa. 
If Jacquin's figure be correct in the form of the labellum, then the plant 

1 have described from Dr. Hooker's herbarium must be a different species ; 

but I am rather inclined to think that the figure is unfaithful. 

3 3 • Cymbidium trinerve. Meyer Esseq. 258. 

c - " foliis radicalibus lineari-lanceolatis trinervibus ; scapo paniculato, 
bracteis petalisque margine crispato-undulatis, labelli lobo medio lati- 
ore emarginato." 

Hab. in Essequebo, in locis altis arenosis regionis rivi Arowabischkreek ; 
Meyer. Floret Octobre. 

Planta 4-5-pedalis, glaberrima. Folia membranacea, firma, basi invicem 
se amplectentia et imbricata, alterna, disticha, lineari-lanceolata, acu- 
m »nata, inferne carinata, trinervata, lineata. Scapus erectus, teres, 
panicula subpedali terminatus. Rami paniculae alterni, adscendentes, 
simplices. Bracteae ad ramorum pedicellorumque basin singula?, unci- 
ales, oblongae, acuminata?, margine crispato-undulatae, una cum corolla 
nervato- reticulata? et colorata?. Flores alterni, remoti, pedicellia semi- 



pollicaribus unifloris suffulti. Calycis foliola patentia, oblonga, acuta, 
undulata, e fusco lutea. Labellum calycis foliolis duplb brevius, quad- 
rato-subrotundum, sulpbureum ; lamina triloba, lobis rotundatis, inter- 
medin planiusculo emarginato, lateralibus adscendentibus, triplb mi- 
noribus, integrisque. Gynostemum petalis duplb brevius, adscendens, 
antice concavum. Capsula prismatica, nitida. Meyer. 

34. Cymbidium marginatum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1530. 

C. pseudo-bulbis ovato-oblongis teretibus 1-3-phyllis, foliis lineari-lance- 
olatis coriaceis erecto-recurvis, scapis unifloris gracilibus vaginatis 
foliis brevioribus, sepalis oblongo-lanceolatis, petalis minoribus con- 
formibus, labello oblongo-lanceolato obtuso cucullato subrepando in- 

? Maxillaria gracilis. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 1. 1837. 

? Bletia humilis. Link, et Otto. Neu. et Self. Gewachs. t. 27. 

Hab. in Brasilia, prope Rio Janeiro ; ? etiam in Mexico; Deppe. (v. v. c.) 
Folia 4-8 poll, longa, 6-7 lineas lata, atroviridia. Scapi palmares, vaginis 
longis fuscis distantibus. Flores lutei. Sepala pollicem longa, rubro- 
marginata ■ supremum cum petalis parallelum labium superius, latera- 
libus divergentibus inferius constituentibus. Labellum interrupte urn- 

The Maxillaria gracilis of Mr. Loddiges is either a sickly specimen of 
this, or a nearly allied species. It may be the same as Bletia humilis of 
Link and Otto, a plant I have never seen, but which is most likely 
another species, very nearly related to this. 

35. C'ymbidicm Javanicum. Blume Bijdr. 380. 

C. " bulbis cauliformibus teretibus 3-foliatis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis acu- 
minatissimis membranaceis, spica laterali pauciftora, labello intils ca- 

Hab. in Java ad radices arborum in sylvis montium Seribu ,• Blume. 
Sepala lineari-oblonga, acuta, patentia, diaphano-albicantia, interiora la- 

bellumque purpurascente-maculata. Pollinia ovalia v. subglobosa. Bl. 

This perhaps belongs to the Eucymbidia, near C. lancifolium. 

36. Cymbidium cuspidatum. Blume Bijdr. 379. 

C. " bulbis ovato-oblongis compressiusculis sub-4-phyllis, foliis lineari- 
lanceolatis cuspidatis coriaceis, spica radicali 3-5-flora, labello intiu 
carinato medio bicalloso." 

Hab. in Java montanis Salak et Tjerimai; Blume. 

Sepala oblonga, acuminata, pallide flavescentia, lineis purpurascentibus 

notata, duobus lateralibus exterioribus arcuato-conniventibus. Massa? 

pollinis ovales v. subglobosae. Bl. 

§. 5 Acaulia, tuberosa, foliis plicatis, columnd alatd, labello nudo, polliniis 2 
integris. (Angidium.) 

37. Cymbidium utricnlatum. Swartz. Nov. Act. Ups. 6.75. Willd. Sp.Pl- 
lo;. Swartz. Fl. lnd. Occ. 1477. 

Limodorum utriculatum. Swartz. Prodr. 119. Jacq. Fragm. Bot. 29. t. 32./. 4. 
Hab. in sylvis subhumidis Jamaica, Swartz, Macfadgen ■, Hispaniote, 
Swartz. (r. *. wp, in herb. Hooker. ) 

VANDE^. 171 

Verosimiliter est genus distinctissimum ; sed exempl. manca in herb. 
Hooker, quae solum vidi, non mihi omnino satisfaciunt. Haec tamen 
vidi, columnam alatam, labellum oblongum acutum indi visum elamel- 
latiim, pollinia 2, stigma ad apicem columnar, nee ad basin ut vult 
eel. Swartzius, seapum erectum foliis longiorem pubescentem. De- 
scriptionem Swartzii subjungo. 

Radix tuberosa, subrotunda, difFormis, carnosa, succulenta, saepe magni- 
tudine tuberum maximorum Solani tuberosi. Huic insidet Bulb us 
subrotundus, vaginis emarcidis vestitus, radiculis filifbrmibus longis 
sub bulbo prope tuber exsertis. Folia duo, subpedalia, lato-lanceolata, 
acuta, integra, longitudinaliter plieato-nervosa, utrinque glabra ; basi 
cincta vaginis alter nis, quarum una magna, elongata, medio valde ven- 
tricosa, apice acuminata, interdum bifida, glabra, lineato-nervosa, copia 
aquas limpidae plerumque distenta. Scapus e radice intra vaginam in- 
flatam, foliis duplb longior, teres, crassitie calami scriptorii, vaginulis 
aliquot remotis arctis cinctus. Flores terminates, alterni, distantes, 
sessiles, majusculi, albi, succulenti, hinc facillime decidui. Bracteae 
lanceolatae, breves, sub floribus. Petala 5, supremum exterius conca- 
vum, cum duobus interioribus lanceolatis falcatis in galeain quasi con- 
nivens : lateralia exteriora apice ad superiora approximata, falcata, basi 
antice gibba. Labellum basi latum, ovato-concavum ; lamina erecta, 
apice subrecurva obtusa, tribus maculis purpureis notata. Columna 
erecta, petalis paullulum brevior, gibba, antice excavata, purpureo-fas- 
eiata ; apice in fovea praebens Antheram subconicam, quadrilocularem, 
globulis pollinis solitariis, subrotundis, flavis. Germen cylindricum, 
contortum. Stigma ad basin columnae labello oppositum. Capsula 
magna, oblonga, basi et apice acuminata et torta, tricarinata, 6-sulcata. 

f Species omninb dubite. 

38. Cymbidium vexilliferum. Llave et Lexars. Nov. Veg. Descr. 2. 11. 

" Planta terrestris, vix pedalis. Radix tuberosa, bulbo unico oblongo 
tunicato, fibrillis capillaribus ad collum tecta j radicular simplices vermi- 
formes. Folia radicalia lanceolato-ovata, nervosa, laevigata, vaginantia. 
Scapus 3queter, angulis decurrentibus, floribus spica diffusa ordinatis, 
cernuis. Bracteae lineares, acutae, amplexicaules. Perigonium herba- 
ceo-membranaceum, luridum, segmentis 3 externis lato-lanceolatis, 
duobus interioribus lineari-elongatis, omnibus patentibus marginibus 
revolutis. Labellum magnum, ovatum, carinatum, purpureo-fuscum, 
venosum, ad marscescentiam nigricans, vexillum papilionacearum aemu- 
lans, limbo integerrimo. Gynostemium eonico-incurvum, anticfe cana- 
liculatum, ad apicem incrassatum, auriculis 2 carnosis foveam stigmatis 
concludentibus. Anthera opercularis caduca. Pollinis massae 4, ovatae, 
pedicello brevi glutinoso affixae. Operculum petaloideum, reniforme, 
biloculare, herbaceum." 

Habitat in montibus Vallisoletanis. 

Verosimiliter genus distinctum. An Cremastra species ? 

39. Cymbidium tabulare. Willd. Sp. PL 4. 37. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 70. 

Satyrium tabulare. Linn. Suppl. p. 403. 
Serapias tabularis. Thunb. Prodr. Fl. Cap. 3. 

Hab. ad C. B. S. in planitiem montis tabularis prope frontem ; floret Janu- 

ario 3 Thunberg. 

172 VANDE.E. 

Radix bulbosa. Folium radicale, solitarium, lineare, patens, glabrum, 
digitale. Scapus flexuosus ereetus, striatus, vix pedalis. Vagina; in 
scapo binae v. 3. Flores circiter 5, cernui. Bractea sub singulo flore 
lanceolata, capsula brevior. Corolla irregularis, virescens, 5-petala; 
tria exteriora consimilia, ovata, obtusa, venosa, concava, erecta, ungui- 
culariaj lateralia basi antiee ad latera labelli parilm producta; duo 
interiora vix angustiora, subpatentia. Labellum totum flavum, reliquis 
petalis latius, et paulb brevius, convoluto-concavum, obtusissimum, 
tripartitum, laciniae ovatae integrae; intermedia concava, subinde brevior, 
excisa. Thunb. 

40. Cymbidium montanum. Swartz. Nov. Act. Tips. 6. 72. 

C. " caule simpliciusculo, foliis lato-lanceolatis apice subrecurvis, racemo 
terminal^ floribus secundis, lamina labelli trifida." Swartz. Fk Ind. Occ. 
3. 1469. 

Epidendrum montanum. Swartz Prodr. 121. 

Hab. in arboribus in montibus caeruleis Jamaica australis; Swartz. 

Caulis 1 -2-pedalis, simplicissimus, teres, inferne aphyllus, vaginatus, geni- 
culatus, ad genicula infima subdivisus, superne foliosus. Racemus 
^pedalis, flexuosus, compressus, multiflorus. Flores albi. Bractes cu- 
cullatae. Sepala et petala ovato-lanceolata, concava, patentia. Labellum 
cymbifonne, lacirlia intermedia longiore, medio sanguineo-punctata. Fjc 


Sepala patentia, supremum galeatum, lateralia divaricata. Petala nana, 
obliqua, apice truncata, subpatentia. Labellum unguiculatum, cum 
basi columnae elastic^ articulatum, trilobum, lobo intermedio minore 
saccato. Columna erecta, marginata, basi saccata. Pollinia 2, lineana, 
convoluta, caudicula lineari-subulata, glandula minuta. Rostellum 

subulatum. Epiphyta, racemis cernuis multifloris, vegetatione Max- 

illarice Colacis. 

Tbis genus is very near Maxillaria, from which however its curious 

labellum, and stunted petals sufficiently distinguish it. 

1. Acropera Loddigesii. 

Maxillaria galeata. Lindl. in Lodd. Bot. Cab. 1. 1645. 

Hab. in Mexico prope Xalapa, Loddiges. (v. v. c. comm. amic. Loddiges.) 
floret Julio. 

Flores fusco-crocei. Labellum rubescens ob elasticitatem unguis ligu- 
lati semper vacillat. Ovarium cylindraceum, viridi purpureum, subspi- 
raliter convolutum. 


Perianthium tubulosum, apice patens. Sepala et petala angusta, subav 
qualia, omnino libera. Labellum longe unguiculatum, cum columna 
parallelum, apice dilatatum 3-fidum : appendice ad basin limbi carnoso, 
uaviculari, ascendente. Columna longissima, semiteres, erecta, libera. 

Polhnia (4, ovata, plana, glandula dilatata. fVallich.) Terrestris} 

pseudobulbis annulatis, aggregatis. Folia membranacea, subplicata. 

VANDEiE. 173 

1. Ckemastra Wallichiana. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7349. 
Cymbidium appendiculatum. Don. Prodr. 36. 

Hab. in Napalia, ad Sheopore, supra arbores et rupes. Wallich. (Jiab. s. sp. e 
Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Bulbi magni, globosi, fasciculati, subannulati, pollicares. Folia oblongo- 
lanceolata, in petiolum angustata, acuminata, tricostata, striata, per- 
gamenea. Scapus 1-1-J-pedalis, striatus. vaginatus. Flores sesqui- 
pollicares, racemosi, congesti, penduli, cylindracei, apicibus recurvis, 
Hyacintbum siuiulantes, rosei, labello intus purpureo maculato. 


Grammataphyllum. Blume By dr. 377. tabellen 20. Gabertia. Gaudich. Voyage. 425. 

Perianthium explanatum, patens, sepalis petalisque subasqualibus. Label- 
lum cum columna articulatum, nanum, trilobum, cucullatum. Columna 
arcuata, erecta, semiteres, basi callosa. Anthera subbilocularis. Pol- 
linia 2, globosa, basi sulcata, in extremitatibus glandular arcuatae ses- 

silia Herba epiphyta, caulescens. Caules simplices incrassati. Folia 

linearia, disticha, striata. Pedunculi radicales, longissimi, (v. termi- 
nales?) multiflori. Flores speciosissimi. 

Cymbidio differt tantiim polliniis et glandula. 

1 . Grammatophyllum speciosum. Blume Bijdr. 377. 

G. caule carnoso, foliis ensiformibus plicatis, scapis radicalibus. 

Angraecum scriptum. Rumph. Amb. 6. 95. t. 42. 

Epidendrum scriptum. Linn. Sp. PI. 1351. 

Cymb. scriptum. Swartz. in Schrad. Dior. 1799. p. 218. WiUd. Sp. PI. 4. 100. 

Gabertia scripta. Gaudich. Voy. 425. 

Hab. in Java circa Buitenzorg in arboribus, Blume ; in Amboyna, Rum- 
pbius ; in Moluccis, supra rupes nudos, Gaudicbaud ; in freti Malaccen- 
sis insula Pulo Dinding, Finlayson. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

An diversae species hlc confusa? ? 

Caulis erectus simplex foliosus. Folia lanceolata, acuta, disticba, paten- 
tissima, 9-15-striata, plana, membranacea. Scapus erectus, longjssi- 
simus, multiflorus. Flores luteo-virides, brunneo maculati j laciniis 
obovatis. Fructus succulentus. Gaudich. 

2. Grammatophyllum ? Finlaysonianum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no 7561. 
G. caule cylindraceo striato, foliis distichis emarginatis basi latioribus, 

racemis terminalibus longfe pedunculatis, bracteis distichis confertis 
ovatis concavis acutis rigidis. 
Hab. in Sincapore, Finlayson, Wallich ; (hab. s. sp. deflorat. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 
Herba facie Epidendri elongati Folia 4 poll, longa. Racemi 2^- polli- 
cares. Flores duos inspexi quorum unus apertus, alter alabastrus, 
ambo vermibus destructi. Ex his judico Perianthium explanatum, 2 
pollices latum ; sepala lanceolata, sequalia ; petala ascendentia dupl5 
latiora ; labellum liberum, columna articulatum, cucullatum, 3-lobum, 
appendicibus cristisve nullis, nisi in discum laciniae intermediae ubi 
tuherculosum ; columnam erectam semiteretem, membranaceo-margi- 
natam, basi nullo modo productam ; antheram bilocularem ; pollinia 2, 
postice excavata. Glandulam vix vidi. 



Trichoceros. Humb. et Kunth. Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1. 338. 

Perianthium explanatuuo, regulare, petalis sepalis labelloque subconform- 
ibus, Columna nana, villosa, utrinque processu petaloideo piloso in- 
structa ; rbstello acuminata. Anthera unilocularis ? ad dorsum ros- 

telli. Pollinia 2, solida, obovata, caudicula unica elongata. Herbs 

epiphytae, pseudobulbosae, caulescentes. Scapi distanter vaginati, mul- 
tiflori. Flores mediocres. 

1. Trichocbko8 parviflorus. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. PI. 1.337. <• 

T. processubus columns linearibus ascendentibus exannulatis sepalis 

paulo brevioribus. 
Hab. in faucibus Andium Novogranatensium, juxta ripam fluminis Xayo 

et confluentem Sambingi, ubi sylvae humidis flatibus perstringuntur ne- 

que solis foventur radiis alt. 1118 hexap. floret Novembri ; Humboldt 

et Bonpl. 

Planta parasitica. Caules teretes, glabri, subpedales, basi foliati, apice 
pauciflori. Pseudobulbi oblongi, glabri, virescentes. Folia oblongo- 
lanceolata, acuminata, plana, coriacea, glabra, basi vaginantia, bipolu- 
caria, 6 aut 7 lin. lata. Flores subspicati, pedicellati, bracteati ; brac- 
tea ovata, acuminata, striata, membranacea, glabra. Perianthium patens, 
glaber, exsiccatus flavescens ; sepala subaequalia, oblonga, acuta, fl»«" 
uscula, 5-venia, 5-lineas longa ; petala simillima, paulb minora. La- 
bellum oblongum, acutum, magnitudine sepalorum, 7-venium, planius* 
culum, ciliatum, internis praesertim basin versus pilis violaceis tectum. 
Columna brevis, violaceo-pilosum, utroque latere processubus linearibus, 
pilosis, membranaceis, ascendentibus, non annulatis, calyce paulo 
brevioribus. Kunth I. c. quibusdam mutatis. 

2. TaicHOCEitos antennifer. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. PL 1.338. 
T. processubus columna; annulatis arcuatis antennaeformibus. 

Epidendrum antenniferum. Humb. et Bonpl. PI. JBq. 1 . 98. t. 28. 
Flor de Mosquito Incolarum. 

Hab. in temperatis subfrigidis regni Quitensis, prope Cuenca, alt. 1351 
hexap. florens Julio ; Humboldt et Bonpl. 

Planta parasitica. Pseudobulbi ovati, compressi, glabri. Folia et caulis 
praeeedentis. Spica 6-9-flora. Flores paralleli, bracteati, iis proxime 
antecedentis duplb majores. Perianthium patens, glabrum. Sepal* 
oblonga, acuta, interims violaceo punctata, exterius viridia; petal* 
paulo minora. Labellum oblongum, violaceo punctatum. Processus 
antenniformes 2, arcuati, annulati ; annuli albi, glabri, cum violaceis 
pilosis alternantes. Kunth. 

3. Tkichoceros muralis. 

T. processubus columnae oblongis obtusis planis sepalis duplft brevior- 

Hab. in Perutmi, ad Cuenca, supra muros -, Jamieson. (hab. s. sp. comm. <**• 

VANDEiE. 175 

Caulis ascendens, brevis. Folia brevia, oblonga, carnosa, densa, cuspida- 
ta. Scapus gracilis, erectus, 4 p. longus, distanter squamatus. Race- 
mus brevis, corymbosus. Sepala ovata, acuta. Petala conformia, basi 
ciliata. Labellum oblongum, obtusum, sepalis longius, basi pilosissi- 
mum, cum columna nana alata villosa continuum ; processus petaloidei 
oblongi, obtusi, patentissimi, plani. 


Geodorum. Jackson in Bot. Repos. 626. (1810.) Brown in Hort. Kevo. erf. 2. 5. 207. — 
Cistella. Blume Bijdr. 293. tabellen 55.— Otandra. Salisb. in Hort. Tram. 1.261. (1812) 

Perianthium connivens, sepalis petalisque liberis, subsecundis, subaequali- 
bus. Labellum cucullato-ventricosum, sessile, cum columna non ar- 
ticulatum, versus basin saccatum. Columna brevis, erecta, semiteres. 
Anthera bilabiata. Pollinia 2, postice biloba, caudicula brevissima, 
glandula transversa.- — Herbae terrestres, tuberosae. Folia plicata. 
Racemi apice recurvi. 

The species of this very natural genus require to be all re-examined in 
a fresh state. I have adopted Dr. Brown's definitions in the Hortus Kew- 
ensis without, however, being entirely satisfied with them. 

1. Geodorum purpureum. R. Br. in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 207. 

G. scapo foliis longiore, racemo pendulo, floribus alternis, labello ovato 
acuto picto. R. Br. I. c. 

Limodorum nutans. Boxb. Coram. 1 . t. 40. 
Malaxis nutans. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 93. 

k. . m India Orientali, in convallibus humidis montosis, florens sub 
initio temporis pluviosi ; Roxburgh. 

2. Geodorum pictuni. 

G. " racemo pendulo multifloro, bracteis lineari-lanceolatis ovaria subae- 
quantibus, labello ovato retuso picto : callo disci ovato apice soluto 
dentato, foliis lanceolato-oblongis." 

Cymbid. pictum. Brown Prodr. 33 1 . 

Hab. in .Nova Hollandia tropica: R. Brown. 

Verosimiliter idem ac G. purpureum. 

3. Geodorum dilatatum. JR. Br. in H. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 207. 

G.scapo foliis breviore, spica pendula, floribus congestis, labello subcal- 
carato apice dilatato crenulato. R. Br. I. c. 

Bela-Pala. Rheede H. Malab. 11. t. 25. 

Umodorum recurvum. Roxb. Coram. 1. /. 39- Swart* Nov. Act. Up*. 6. 79. Willd. Sp. 

PI. 4. 124. 
Malaxis ccrnua. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 93. 
Utandra cernua.' Salisb. in Hort. Trans. 1. 261. 
Cistella cernua. Blume Bijdr. 293. t. 55. 

Hab. in India Orientali cum G. purpureo, Roxburgh ; Sylhet, fVallich ; Java, 

Blume. {hab. s. sp. e Mus. Jngl. Ind.) 
Folia oblonga, basi partim angustata. Flores carnei venis roseis picti. 

Jan. 1833. as 

176 VANDE.E. 

4. Geodobum pallidum. Don Prodr. 31. 

G. scapotfbliis breviore, spica congesta nutante, labello basi saccatoovato 
integerrimo cucullato. 

Limodorum candidum. Roxb. MSS. 
Geodorum candidum. Wall. Cat. no. 7374. 

Hab. in Sylhet, Roxburgh j Moalmayne, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mm. Angl. 

Habitus omninb G. dilatati. An mera varietas ? 

5. Geodorum citrinum. Jackson in Bot. Rep. t. 626. 

G. scapo foliis breviore, spica pendula, floribus congestis, labello basi 
subcalcarato apice obtuso integerrimo. R. Br. in Hort. Kew. 5.207- 

Hab. in India Orientali ,• in provincia Chittagong, Wallich: (hab. s.sp.e 
Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Folia basi angustata. Labellum integerrimum. Flores citrini. 


Sobralia. Fl. Peruv. Prodr. 120. t. 26. Lindl. Coll. Bot. p. 33. 

Perianthium maximum, subcarnosum, explanatum, patens. Sepala et 
petala subrequalia. Labellum cucullatum, eolumnam involvens, basi 
angustatum, bilobum. Columna erecta, elongata, marginata, clavata, 
apice utrinque alata. Anthera bilocularis : loculis connectivo lato dis- 

cretis. (Pollinia 2, caudicula lineari. ex Fl. Peruv.)- Herbae ter- 

restres, altae, caulescentes. Folia plicata, vaginantia. Flores axillares 
et terminales, speciosissimi, teneri. 

(" Plantae perennes paucis prolibus. Radices fasciculatse, longissims. 
flexuosae, lanuginosae. Caules aut Culmi virgati, orgyales et ultra, 
simplicissimi. Folia vaginantia, lata, nervosa. Pedunculi axillares ra- 
cemosi. Flores magni, fragrantissimi, purj)ureo-violacei." R- et P.) 

1. Sobralia dichotoma. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 232. Prodr. t. 26. 

S. foliis oblongis acuminatis basi in petiolum brevissimum supra vaginam 
contractis, racemo axillari flexuoso multifloro, bracteis ovario niuUd 
brevioribus, alis columnar brevibus, labello crispo medio lamellato. 

Tabuetahue vernaculi. 

Hab. abunde in Peruvite nemoribus Muha, Pozuzo et Chinchao per runcati- 
ones in locis calidis et saxosis ; Ruiz et Pavon. (v. s. sp. in herb. Lambert-) 

Floret a Junio ad Octobrem. 

Florem unicum examinavi ex herb. Lambert. Pollinia haud inveni. I*' 
raellae labelli 5, apice tlivergentes. 

2. Sobralia biflora. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 232. 

S. " bulbis fasciculatis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutissimis, culmis bi- 

Hab. in Peruvia, in Pozuzo runcationibus et calidis locis, versus Cheni? 

et Tramo tractus : Ruiz et Pavon. 
Floret a Maio ad Septembrem. 

VANDE.E. 177 

3. Sobralia liliastrum. 

S. foliis lanceolatis acuminatis, racemo brevi terminal i flexuoso, bracteis 

acuminatis ovario longioribus, alis columnae maximis falcatis. 
Epidendrum liliastrum. Salzm. Herb. Bah. 
Hab. ad Bahiam, in fruticetis sabulosis ; Salzmann. (hab. s. sp.) 

Partes omnes succulentas, exsiccatione contusas, examini ulteriori sub- 
jicere nequivi. 

4. Sobralia? Caravata. 

5. foliis lanceolatis pubescentibus, capitulis imbricatis terminalibus. 

Caravata-Miri Vernacule. 

Serapias Caravata. Aubl. Guian. 2. 816. t. 320. 

Cyinbidiuin hirsutum. Willd. Sp. PL 4. 94. 

Hab. in sylvis Guiana; supra arbores ; Aublet. 
Flores lutei. 

? 5. Sobralia amplexicaulis. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 233. 

S. " bulbis fasciculatis, foliis cordatis amplexicaulibus, racemo terminali." 
Hab. affatim in Peruvia, in Chinehao runcationibus et locis meridionalibus, 
florens a Maio ad Augustum ; Ruiz et Pavon. 

Labellum squamis linearibus apice dilaceratis conspersum. Germen ca- 
lyculo 3-dentato connatum. Folia nervosa venosaque evaginata. R. et P. 

? 6. Hue etiam fortasse referenda est Bletia cilia! a Presl. Reliq. Heenk p. 

99. qua? S. dichotoma esset, si flores majores. 
Hab. in Peruvia. 


Acanthophippium. Blume Bijdr. 353. tabelkn 47. 

Perianthium ventricosum. Sepala agglutinata, lateralia ungui columnae 

adnata, dorsali cum petalis spatulatis fornicato. Labellum unguicula- 

tum, cum basi longe producta columnae elastic^ articulatum, limbo tri- 

lobo indiviso, complicato : disco lamellate Anthera carnosa, bilocula- 

ris. Pollinia 8, inaequalia, sessilia. Herba terrestris, subcaulescens. 

Caulis infernfe bulbosus, vaginatus. Folia oblongo-lanceolata, plicata. 
Pedunculus vaginatus, pauciflorus. Flores speciosi. 

1. Acaxthophippium Javanicum. Blume I. c. 

A. petalis triangularibus, labelli lobis lateralibus truncatis, perianthio ovato. 
Hab. in Java, in sylvis altioribus montis Salak ; Blum? 

2. Acaxthophippium Sylhetense. 

A. petalis oblongo-lanceolatis acntiusculis, labelli lobis lateralibus acutis, 

perianthio obovato. 
Hab. in Sylhet, Wallich. (v. ic. pict. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 
Caulis ^pithamaBus, basi fusiformis, carnosus. Folia oblongo-lanceolata, 

plieata. Spica radicalis, triflora, caule multd brevior : squamis magnis, 

inferioribus foliaceis, vaginatus. Flores 2 poll longi, albi, inodori. 

Sepala agglutinata. Lamellae labelli tres, carnosae, denticulatae. 

178 VANDE^E. 


Perianthium explanatum. Sepalum supremum et petala obtusa eonformia 
aequalia, lateralia basi valde obliqua cum ungue longe producta colum- 
nae connata. Labellum deflexum, cum pede columnse elastice articula- 
tum, unguiculatum, lamina hastato-triloba : linea media elevata. Co- 
Jumna alato-marginata, rostello proboscideo porrecto. Anthera oyata, 
acuminata. Pollinia 2, postice biloba, caudicula subulata longissima, 

glandula parva ovata. Herba epipbyta, caulescens, radices undique 

promens. Folia disticha. Spica axillaris, stricta, multiflora. 

I. Doritis pulcherrima. Lindl. in Wallich. Cat. no. 7348. 

Hab. in Cochinchina, ad sinum Turon ; Finlayson. (hab. s. sp. e Museo An- 

Folia oblonga, carnosa, 3| p. longa. Spica laxa, ramosa, 1 ^-2-pedalis, 
multiflora. Sepala antice ad basin producta, crispata. Labellum un- 
gue canaliculato, sub lamina utrinque 1-dentato: callo par vo inter denies. 


Chelonanthera § 1. Blume Bijdr. 382. tabellen 51. 

Perianthium patens. Sepala aequalia. Petala linearia. Labellum cum 
basi columna articulatum, emarginatum, utrinque dente inflexo auctum. 
Colum na erecta, petaloidea, infra apicem antberifera. Antbera bilocu- 
laris, (ex icone 4-valvis, transverse dehiscens). Pollinia 4, cava, he- 
misphaerica, caudiculis 2 filiformibus, glandula hamata. Herbae epi- 
pbyta?, pseudobulbosae, pedunculis multifloris. Flores bracteati, distichi. 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Chelonanthera gibbosa. Blume I. c. 

C. '* bulbis oblongis quadrangularibus subdiphyltis ; foliis lanceolatis, ra- 
cemis elongatis nutantibus flexuosis, labello medio bidentato." 

Hab. In Java, in montosis, ubi supra arbores associata est ; Blume. 

Sepala externa ovalia, recurvataj interiora linearia, patentia. Floret 
Oct.— Febr. Bl. 

2. Chelonanthera ventricosa. Blume I.e. t. 51. 

C. " bulbis oblongis compressiusculis sulcatis dipbyllis, foliis lanceolatis 

nervosis, scapo erecto, labello medio bidentieulato." 
Hab. in Java, circa flumen Tjapus in monte Salak ; Blume. 
Sepala exteriora ovata, acuta j lateralia carinata ; posticum leviter forni- 

catum j interna linearia. Floret Sept — Oct. Bl. 

3. Chelonanthera sulphurea. Blume I. c. 

C " bulbis oblongis trigonis submonophyllis ; foliis lanceolatis coriaceis, 

labello margine inferne utrinque carinato." 
Hab. in Java circa flumen Tjapus in monte Salak ; Blume. 

Sepala exteriora oblonga, acuta, carinata, patentia ; interna linearia, re- 
voluta. Floret Sept. — Oct. Bl. 

VANDE.E. 179 


Acanthoglossum. Blume Bijdr. 381. 

Perianthiura patulum. Sepala petalis latiora. Labellum basi ventricosum : 
limbo reflexo-patente, bilobo, intern^ bicalloso. Columna supernfe libera, 
utrinque membranaceo-marginata. Anthera bilocularis, infra -apicilaris, 
rostello emarginato incumbens. Pollinia 4, obovata, glandula hamata. 
Herba epiphyta, bulbifera, habitu Chelonanthera. 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Acanthoglossum nervosum. Blame I. c. 

Hab. in Java, ad arbores in sylvis altioribus Salak ; Blume. 

Floret Octobri. 


Sunipia. Buchanan in Rees Cyclop, sub Steli. Lindl. Orch. scelet. 

Perianthium ringens. Sepala aequalia, basi discreta ; lateralibus labello 
suppositis. Petala nana. Labellum posticum, integrum, petalis majus, 
erectum, (cum columna articulatum ?). Columna nana. Anthera dorso 
fixa, bilocularis : loculis discretis verticaliter dehiscentibus ! Pollinia 4, 

per paria caudiculis duabus affixa, glandula unica. Herbae epiphytae, 

pseud obulbosae, monophyllae. Folia carnosa. Spicae radicales, distichae, 
multiflorae. Flores parvi, braeteis longis spatbaceis stipati. 

1. Sunipia scariosa. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7373. 

S. spicis foliis duplb longioribus, floribus braeteis brevioribus, labello ovato 
basi concavo. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 
Folia 4 poll, longa. Bracteae carinatae, glumaceae. Flores albi, roseo 
suffusi. Sepala ovata, obtusa. Petala triplb breviora, rotundata. La- 
bellum glaberrimum, ovatum, acuminatum, obtusum. 

2. Sunipia bicolor. 

S. racemis foliis subaequalibus, floribus braeteis longioribus, labello obovato 
apiculato serrulato-ciliato. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (v. ic. pict. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Praecedente triplb minor. Folia atriora. Pseudobulbi subglobosi. Bracteae 
ovatae, acuminata;. Sepala alba, ovato-lanceolata, acuminata, basi venis 
3 purpureis : lateralia longiora, agglutinata. Petala alba, ovata, obtusa, 
duplb breviora. Labellum atropurpureum, obovatum, utrinque serrulato- 
ciliatum, apiculo obtuso glabro ad apicem. 


Calypso. Salisb. Paradis. 89.— Cytherea. lb in Hort. Trans. 1. 301.— Noma. 
Suec. 561. — Orchidium. Swartz in SvensA. Bot. 518. 

Perianthium patens, sequale, secundum. Labellum concavum, sub apice 
saccatum, trilobum : lobis lateralibus connatis intermedio dilatato bar- 
bato suppositis. Columna erecta, petaloidea. Anthera infra-apicilaris, 

180 VANDEJ3. 

bilocularis. Pollinia 2, bipartita, incumbentia, in glandulam membra- 

naceam, subquadratam, transversam sessilia. Herba terrestris, bul- 

bosa. Folia solitaria, plicata. Flos terminalis, solitarius, speciosus. 

1. Calypso borealis. Salisb. Parad. Loud. t. 89. 

Cypripedium bulbosum. Linn. Sp. PI. 1347. 
Limodorum boreale. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 123. 
Cvmbidium boreale. Swartz in Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 76. 
Calypso borealis. Hook. Ex Ft. t. 12. Id. Dot. Mag. t. 2763. 
Calypso aiiericana. R. Brown in Hort. Kew. 5. 208. 
Orchidium boreale. Swartz in Siensk. Hot. t. 518. 
Noma borealis. Wahlenb. Fl. Saec. 561. 

Hab. per omnes regiones septentrionales Europce, Asia et America ■ 
pratis collinis apricis inter lucos laetiores. (v. v. c. et hab. s. sp.) 
Dr. Hooker is certainly right in considering the American, European 

and Asiatic plants as the same. 


Eulophia. R. Brown in Bot. Reg. t. 686. (Feb. 1823.).— Eulophus. Idem in Bot. Reg.M*- 
{Oct. 1821) absque char. 

Perianthium explanatum, sepalis petalisque ascendentibus, subaequalious, 
aut omnino liberis, aut cum ungue magis minusve producto columns 
connatis. Labellum cornutum, aut brevius calcaratum, sessile, venis 
cristatis, barbatis v. omninb laevibus ; saepius trilobum, nunc indivisuni. 
Columna semiteres, marginata. Anthera 1-2-locularis. Pollinia 1, P oS ' 
tice biloba, v. cava, caudicula lineari brevi, glandule transversa. * 
Herbse terrestres, pseudobulbosae. Folia longa, membranacea, plicata, 
v. pluries costata. Scapi radicales, multiflori. 

§ 1. Genuine. Folia plicata cotemporanea. 

$ 2. Desciscentes. Folia equitantia. 

$ 3. Aphylla Folia serotina. Flores pendnli secundi. 

t Species dubiae. 

§ I. Genuince. Folia plicata cotemporanea. 

1. Eulophia explanata. 

E. foliis racemo stricto laxo multifloro, sepalis patentissimis pe- 

talis oblongis angustioribus, labello ovato obtuso subundulato concav 
brevissime calcarato : lamellis basi conniventibus dilatatis apice diver- 
gentibus decrescentibus : duabus intermediis parallelis contiguis. 

Hab. in Zeylona, Macrae, {hab. s.sp.) 

2. Eulophia nuda. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7371. 

E. foliis lanceolatis acuminatis, racemo paucifloro laxo secundo folii" !••" 
giore, sepalis petalisque lineari-oblongis obtusi?, labello oblongo obtuso 
subundulato nudo basi brevissime calcarato. 

Di podium Roniatc. Hamilt. Mss. 

Hab. in India Orientali, in colles Morang ; Hamilton, (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Ang • 

3. Eulophia bracteosa. Lindl. in fVallich. Cat. no. 7366. 

E. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis plicatis scapo terminali longioribus, bracte" 8 
foliaceis floribus subaequalibus, sepalis petalisque (latioribus) carnosisob- 

VANDE^. 181 

longis acutis, labello oblongo canaliculato apice retuso undulato elevato 
venoso versus apicem glanduloso-barbato, calcare infracto tumido acu- 
Hab. in Ind. Or. provincia Chittagong, Wullich. {hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

4. Eulopiiia grandiflora. 

E. foliis lanceolatis plicatis, scapi vaginis longissimis laxiusculis acutis 
intemodiis longioribus, bracteis acuminatis ovario longioribus, sepalis 
carnosis oblongis undulatis acutis, petalis retusis, labello oblongo sub- 
repando basi angustato apice concavo disco subapice glanduloso, calcare 
inflexo obtuso. 

Hab. in Zeylona j Macrae, (hab. s. sp.) 

Ex habitu cum E. bracteosa consociatur. Sed nescio an scapi revera sint 

5. EuLopniA Promensis. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7365. 

E. folio unico longfe petiolato lineari-lanceolato scapo radicali longiore, 
sepalis concavis oblongis acutiusculis, petalis conformibus brevioribus 
obtusis, labello oblongo medio constricto basi ventricoso utrinque tu- 
mido sub apice rotundato piano processubus pluribus aggregatis carnosis 
truncatis munito, calcare brevi recto tumido acutiusculo. 

Hab. in collibus Promensibus ; Wallich. (exam. s. sp. in herb. soc. Linn.) 

6. Eulophia guineensis. Bot. Reg. t. 686. 

E. foliis latis oblongis acutis in petiolum angustatis, scapo laxo multifloro, 
bracteis ovario longioribus, sepalis petalisque lineari-lanceolatis acutis, 
labelli cucullati lobis lateralibus abbreviatis : intermedio ovato subun- 
dulato obtuso majore infra lineis pluribus elevatis verruculatis inscripto, 
calcare ascendente apice incurvo. 

Hab. in Sierra Leone, (v. v. c.) 

Sepala et petala viridia, purpureo venosa. Labellum album, venis quibus- 

dam roseis striatum, basi compressum, cum columna semiconnatum. 

Anthera ad cardinem biaurita. 

7. Eulophia articulata. 

E. pseudobulbis articulatim connatis, foliis . . . ., scapo multifloro, racemo 
elongato, sepalis reflexis petalisq. patentibus contortis, labelli trilobi 
lobo medio -ovato obtuso deflexo margine crispo : disco lineis callosis 
crispis rugosissimo basi tuberculato. 

Jangkosno vernacufi. 

Limodormn articulatum. Schumach. Fl. Guin. 2. 173. 

Hab. in Guinea, passim, Thonning. 

Flores incarnati, labello violaceo. Scapus 2-4-pedalis. 

8. Eulophia concolor. 

E. foliis brevibus oblongis acutis concavis laxe vaginantibus, racemo ter- 
minali rlexuoso paucifloro subcorymboso, sepalis petalisque oblongis 
acutis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus ascendentibus acutis intermedio 
convexo oblongo crenato crispato, calcare recto conico. 

Limodorum concolor. Thouars Orch. Afr. t. 45. 

Hab. in Borbonia; Thouars. 

Flores lutescrnte? ; Th. 

182 VANDEE. 

9. Eulophia herbacea. 

E. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis scapo erecto brevioribus, racemo se- 
cundo, sepalis herbaceis ovato-lanceolatis acutis, petalis brevioribus ob- 
longis obtusis acutisve, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus abbreviatis inter- 
medio oblongo subundulato : venis omnibus pubescentibus, calcare 
brevi tereti obtuso. 

Hab. in Zeylona, Macrae; in India septentrionali, ad ripas fluminis Giree, 
intra seriem montium Suen, necnon ad ripas Agurwal in faciem septeutr. 
orient, montium Mussooree in ccnvallibus calidis, florens Augusto, tem- 
pore pluvioso, Royle. (hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

Folia juniora angusto-lanceolata, adulta, latiora, nitida plana, 5-costata. 
Sepala viridia, petalis labelloque candidis ; ex ie. Royle. 

10. EuLorniA lurida. 

E. foliis lineari-lanceolatis scapo ramoso multb brevioribus, bracteis min- 
imis subulatis, sepalis lineari-spathulatis obtusis, petalis pauld latioribus, 
labelli tripartiti basi callosi lobis lateralibus obtusis recurvis : interme- 
dio obcordato, calcare cylindraceo inflexo obtuso. 

Liniodorum luridum. Afzel. in Pers. Synops. 2. 521. 

Hab. in Sierra Leone, Afzelius, G. Don. (hab. s. sp. et v. v. c.) 

11. Eulophia scripta. 

E. caulibus carnosis oblongis, foliis lineari-loratis subdisticbis, scapis ra- 
dicalibus ramosis, bracteis pedicellis brevioribus, sepalis petahsque 
lineari-oblongis obtusiusculis, labelli tripartiti lobis lateralibus apice 
dilatatis rotundatis : intermedio cuneato rotundato tuberculato bicrista- 
to, calcare brevissimo recto obtuso. 

Limodorum scriptum. Thouars Orch. Afr. tt. 46. 47. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur.p. 48. 

Hab. in Madagascaria, Forbes ; Borbonia, Thouars. (fta6. s. sp.) 

Flores speciosi, purpureo-lutei. Th. 

12. Eulophia pulchra. 

E. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis racemis strictis multifloris subaequalibus, 
sepalis petalisque oblongo-linearibus acutis, labello oblongo basi ven- 
tricoso obtuso subundulato (medio calloso ?), calcare brevi recto 

Limodorum pulchrum. Thouars Orch. Afr. t. 43. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. p. 49. 

Hab. in insula Borbonia, Thouars. 

Flores speciosi, purpureo-maculati. 

13. Eulophia graminea. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7372. 

E. foliis gramineis, scapo ramoso, bracteis primordialibus oblongis acutis 
concavis, floribus erectis in fructu pendulis, sepalis petalisque linearibus 
acutissimis, labello trilobo basi angustato : lobo intermedio oblongo 
crispo : venis tribus mediis contiguis subparallelis fimbriato-appendicu- 
latis, calcare brevi clavato. 
Hab. in Singapur, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.J 
Affinis E. virenti, floribus minoribus prima facie distincta. Vaginae infi- 
mae scapi ventricosre. 

14. Eulophia virens. R. Br. 

E. foliis gramineis lineari-lanceolatis scapo ramoso brevioribus, sepalis pe* 

VANDE.E. 183 

petalisque oblongis obtusis basi angustatis tessellatis, labelli trilobi bar- 
bati lobis lateralibus abbreviatis intermedio ovato obtuso, calcare erec- 
tiusculo conico. 

Serapias epidendrsea. Retz. Obs. 6. 65. 

Limodorum virens. Roxb. Corom. 1. t. 38. Swart z. Nov. Act. Ups. 6.79. Willtl. Sp. PI. 

4. 123. 
Limodorum epidendroides. Wiltd. 1. c. p. 124. 

Hab. in India Orientali - } prope Madras supra arbores, Wight ; in Zeylona 
locis umbrosis, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

15. Eulophia carinata. 

E. foliis linearibus complicatis carnosis fractu facilibus, scapo simplici, 
labello concavo spatulato apice repando, calcare ecarinato. 

Katou-Kaida-Maravara. Rheede Hort. Mai. 12. 51. t. 26. 
Limodorum carinatum. Willd. Sp. PL 4. 124. 

Hab. in terra, et in arboribus Malabarue ; Rheede. 

Hujus speciei exemplaria nusquam inveni. Folia lata, carinata, fractu fa- 
cilia, 3 pedes alta pollicem lata, nitentia, glabra benfe distinguunt. 

16. Eulophia inacrostachya. 

E. foliis oblongis utrinque acuminatis plicatis subtricostatis, scapo sim- 
plici radicali foliis longiore, sepalis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis, peta- 
lis conformibus latioribus undulatis, labelli suborbicularis trilobi lobis 
lateralibus intermedio alte bilobo abbreviato suboequalibus : lamellis 
duabus nanis ad basin, calcare subrotundo inflato obtuso. 

Hab. in Zeylona in locis umbrosis sylvarura, Macrae, {hab. s. sp. et v. ic. 

Scapus 3-pedalis. Sepala et petala viridia apicibus costaque purpureis. 
Labellum citrinum venis purpureis pictum : lobo medio luteo. Crista 
antherae solitaria dorsalis. 

IT- Eulophia hians. Spreng. Syst. Veg. 3. 720. 

E. foliis (equitantibus ?) ensiformibus integerrimis, scapo radicali squamis 
cucullatis vaginato, sepalis petalisque obtusis, labelli trilobi lobis late- 
ralibus parvis ovatis intermedio ovato-obcordato striato-venoso, cal- 
care tereti arcuato ovarii longitudine. 

Satyrium hians. Linn. Suppl. 401. 
Limodorum hians. Thumb. Fl. Cap. 76. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Sp., Thunberg. 

Flores 4-5, cernui, brevissime pedicellati. 

18. Eulopbxa ensata. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1147. 

E. foliis lineari-lanceolatis plicatis, scapo simplici, racemo capitato, sepa- 
lis petalisque oblongis acutis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus abbreviatis 
obtusis glabris intermedio linguiformi disco barbato, calcare brevi rec- 
to conico obtuso, bracteis membranaceis venosis. 

Hab. ut aiunt ad Cap. B. Sp. ; an potius in S. Leone ? (». v. c.) 

Flores flavi. An eadem ac E. barbata ? 

19. Eulophia atrovirens. 

E. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis patentibus scapo erecto simplici mul- 
Jan. 1833. b b 



tifloro subaequalibus, sepalis petalisque ovatis acutis, labello cucullato 
trilobo : lobis rotundatis intermedio transverso, calcare subinfundibulari 

Hab. in India Orientali, Wallich. (v. ic. pict. e Bibl. Angl. Ind.) 
Flores ocbroleuci sepalis exttis purpureo-maculatis. Petalum utrumque 
hinc serie solitaria punctorum sanguineorum notatum. 

§. 2. Desciscentes. Folia equitantia. 

20. Eulophia tristis. Spreng. Syst. Veg. 3. 720. 

E. foliis ensiformibus equitantibus serrulatis scapo terminali subramoso 
brevioribus, bracteis acuminatis ovario longioribus, sepalis petalisque 
conniventibus oblongis acutis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus abbreviatis 
intermedio oblongo obtuso crispo : venis 7 subparallelis basi lamellosis 
apiee convergentibus fimbriatis, calcare brevi obtuso, anthera bicristata. 

Satyrium triste. Linn. Suppl. 402. 

Limodorum triste. Thumb. Fl. Cap. 74. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 124. 

II ab. ad Cap. B. Sp. juxta Zeeko-rivier, et in summo Hottentots -Holland- 
berg, Thunberg, Ecklon. (hab. s. sp. coram, eel. Lehmann.) 

Scapus subcorapressus. Flores fusci (s. tristes). Labellum dorso vires- 

21. Eulophia lamellata. 

E. foliis ensiformibus equitantibus integerrimis scapo terminali dupl6 
brevioribus, bracteis acuminatis, sepalis petalisque conniventibus ob- 
longis acutis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus abbreviatis intermedio 
oblongo obtuso crispo : venis omnibus lamellis laceris cristatis. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; Villel. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 
E. tristi affinis. Flores majores, folia integerrima, labellum diversissimum. 

22. Eulophia micrantha. 

E. foliis ensiformibus equitantibus recurvis margine serrulatis, scapo 
ramoso terminali basi squamis longis membranaceis vaginato, spicis 
simplicibus elongatis, perianthio connivente, sepalis anguste ovatis obtu- 
sis carnosis subcarinatis, petalis tenuioribus et latioribus, labelli concavi 
3-lobi lobis lateralibus divergentibus acutis intermedio rotundato sinubus 
sinuatis facie 3-lamellato, calcare brevi ventricoso. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Sp. (v. s. sp. in herb. Hooker.) 

Tota planta sesqui-2-pedalis. Inflorescentia Dracamam quandein simulat. 

23. Eulophia barbata. Spreng. Syst. Veg. 3. 720. 

E. foliis lineari-ensiformibus recurvis Integerrimis, scapo compresso flex- 
uoso foliis duplb longiore, sepalis petalisque ovato-lanceolatis acutis, 
labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus minoribus intermedio oblongo crispo 
disco barbato, calcare obtuso. 

Serapias capensis. Linn. Mantiss. 293. 
Limodorum barbatum. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 75. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Sp. Thunberg. (v. s. sp. in herb. Hooker.) 
Flores ulbidi, Th. Adsunt in herb. Hooker exemplaria duo, quorum 
alteriun scapo fkxuoso palmari florido, alterum plusquam sesquipedali 
gaudet. Folia sunt parva, graminea, recurva; bractcae longissiui* 
membranaccEc ; lubelli lobi laterales quasi abscissi ; venae fere onanes 
timbnatae, usque ad lobos laterales, sed citra nudse. 

vande^e. 185 

§ III. Aphyllce. Folia serotina. Flores penduli secundi. 

24. Eulophia rupestris. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7368. 

E. floribus pendulis subsecundis, sepalis petalisque linearibus acutis, labello 
trilobo basi angustato : lobis lateralibus abbreviatis intermedio oblongo 
dentato: lamellis 3 contiguis obsoletis integris in axin seriebusq. 5 bre- 
vibus denticulorum in laminam lobi medii. 

Limodorum dubium. Hamilt. Ic. penes D. Bauer. 

Bletia Dabia. Don. Prodr. Nep. 30. 

Hab. in Napalia; Wallich, Hamilton, (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. el v. ic.pict.) 
Nomen Dabia quasi vernaculum a eel. Donio citatum, nihil est nisi verbum 

dubium male lectum. 
Flores carnei ; labellum sanguineo maculatum, cyaneo limbatum. 

25. Eulophia campestris. Wall. Cat. no. 7367. 

E. floribus secundis cernuis, sepalis petalisque lineari-spatulatis obtusius- 
culis, labello oblongo trilobo venoso : lobo intermedio rotundato trans- 
verso crenulato lineis tribus brevibus barbatis ad basin, calcare brevi 
conico incurvo. 

Hab. in regno Oude, ad Bhurtapoor, Wallich ; in dumetis densissimis val- 
lium Himalayensium', Boyle, (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Folia ex icone Royliana tria, serotina, lineari-lanceolata, quorum ultimum 
tantum perfectum. Flores fusco-purpurei, labello albido roseo-margi- 
nato. Statura nunc palmaris nunc pedalis, imo sesquipedalis. 

26. Eulophia ramentacea. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7370. 

E. aphylla, bracteis subulatis ovario brevioribus, floribus erectis, sepalis 
petalisque lineari-spatulatis acutis, labelli trilobi lobo intermedio un- 
dulato obtuso, lamellis disci tribus interruptis apice laceris, calcare 
conico obtuso. 

Dipodium ramentaceum. Hamilt. Mss. 

Hab. in India orientali, ad Dumdoho ; Hamilton, (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

•f Species valde dubue. 

2* . Limodorum cristatum ; scapo elongato tereti remote vaginato, floribus dis- 
cretis resupinatis, labello basi ventricoso brevi calcarato, lamina oblonga 
recurvata medio muricato-cristata, lateribus deflexis crispis venosis. 
Afz. in Pers. Syn. 2.521. 

Hab. in Sierra Leone. 

28. Limodorum cucullatum; scapo elongato remote vaginato, floribus discre- 
tis, labello erecto cuculliformi trilobo medio majore emarginato, cal- 
care brevissimo obtuso. Afz. I. c. 

Hab. in Sierra Leone. 

29. Bletia stricta ; foliis radicalibus lineari-lanceolatis acutis planis tricos- 
tatis, scapo stricto vaginato erecto, floribus laxe spicatis, labello trilobo : 
lobo medio obcordato crenulato, calcare incurvo brevi, sepalis aequalibus. 
Presl. Reliq. Harnk. p. 98. 

Hab. in insula Luzon. 

30. Maxillaria liliacea (Llave et Llexars. Orch. p. 12) " radice tuberosa, 
foliis ensiformibus plicatis, floribus spatha vera tectis." 

Hab. in Mexico prope Vallisoletum, sub umbra arborum, aliquandove supra 

radices, floretque mensibus aestivis. — Vernacule Azuzena del Monte. > 

Iztactepetzacuxochitl, Icohueyo, Hernand. 2. 237- ed. Madr. Llave. 

186 VANDE^E. 

Planta liliacearum habitu. Folia radicalia, bina aut terna, ensiformia, pe- 
tiolata, ad basin membranis purpurinis convoluta. Scapus subpedalis, 
erectus, spatha membranacea, monophylla, lateraliter dehiscente ad ex- 
tremitatem cinctus. Flores nivei thyrsoidei. Bractes lanceolatae, 
demiim, ut tota planta marcida, nigricantes. Periantbium ringens, 3 
segmentis superioribus connatis, quorum 2 lateralia lineis purpurinis 
variegata, duobus inferioribus lunulatis convergentibus eodem modo 
maculatis. Labellum concolor, ovatum, carinatum, ascendens, limbo 
integro, ad basin punctis ocbreis maculatum, obscure calcaratum. Co- 
lumna clavata, canaliculata, incurva, versus apicem amplificata. Pol- 
linia 4, reniformia, cereacea. Anthera bilocuiaris, acuminata. LI. 
If tbis is rigbtly described it may be a new genus ; but it is not impro- 
bable that it may be a Eulophia the Pollen -masses of which are inex- 
actly mentioned ; or is it not rather another species of Govenia? 


Dipodium. It. Brown Prodr. 1 . 330. 

Perianthium patens, petalis sepalisque aequalibus. Labellum subconforme, 
utrinque infra medium auriculatum, disco barbatum, basi saccatum et 
cum columna connatum. Columna erecta, inarginata, semiteres. An- 
thera membranacea, 2-locularis ? Pollinia duo, oblique biloba, caudicu- 

lis duabus glanduhe communi affixis. Herba? terrestres, aphylte- 

Radix crassa, ramosa. Caules squamosi. Racemi speciosi. 

1. Dipodium punctatum. R. Br. Prodr. 331. 

D. squamis radicalibus distantibus, labello recto disco pubescente. 
Dendrobium punctatum. Smith. Exot. Bot. 1. 21. t. 12. 

Hab. in Nova Hollandia ad Portum Jackson, necnon in Insula Van Diemen, 
R. Brown. (Jiab, s. sp. comm. eel. Brown.) 

2. Dipodium squamatum. R. Br. I. c. 

D. squamis radicalibus oblongis carinatte*»mbrieatis, labello barbato de- 

Ophrys ? squamata. Forst. Prodr. 310. 

Cyrab. squamatum. Swartz. Act. Holm. 1800. 238. 

Dipodium squamatum. Smith, in Rees Suppl. 

Hab. in Nova Caledonia, Forster. 


Galeandra. Lindl. Illustr. of Orch. PL Gen. t. 8. 

Perianthium patens v. connivens, saepius (an semper?) sepalis petalisqu e 
ascendentibus, liberis. Labellum infundibuliforme, calcaratum. iD(!l " 
visum, sessile, intus laeve, margine nunc fimbriato. Columna erecta, 
membranaceo-alata, clinandrio declivi. Anthera galeaeformis, crista re- 
curva cum dorso clinandrii cardinata. Pollinia % postice excavata, 
caudicula brevi, cum glandula elongata basi divergenti -biloba articula* 
•*•— 7-Herbse terrestres, foliis plicatis, scapis radicalibus v. racenu* 

VANDE^E. 187 

1. Galeandra Baueri. Lindl. Illustr. of Orch. PI. I. c. 

G. foliis oblongis acutis, racemo terminali paucifloro folio superante, se- 
palis petalisque lineari-oblongis acutiusculis, labello maximo antico re- 
pando emarginato apiculato, calcare ovario longiore. 

Hab. in Guiana, Martin, (v. ic. Bauer.) 

2. Galeandra gracilis. 

G. foliis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis scapo vaginato radicali brevioribus, 
sepalis petalisque explanatis ovatis acutis, labello antico infundibulari 
obtuso margine fimbriate 

Eulophia gracilis. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 742. 
Limodorum ciliatum. Schumach. PL Guin. 2. 174. 

Hab. in Sierra Leone, G. Don, Thonning. (v. v. c.) 

Scapus l|-2-pedalis. Flores virides, apicibus sanguineo-maculatis. 

3. Galeandra extinctoria. 

G. foliis . . . ., racemo erecto simplici subsecundo paucifloro, sepalis conni- 
ventibus(?) obovatis serratis, petalis brevioribus integerrimis obtusis, 
labello postico extinctoriiformi obtuso margine fimbriato. 

Hab. in Sierra Leone, G. Don. (hab. s. sp.) 

An aphylla ? 


Zygopetalum. Hooker, in Bot. Mag. t. 2748. 

Perianthium explanatum, sepalis petalisque ascendentibus, subaequalibus, 
cum ungue producto columnae connatis. Labellum muticum, indivi- 
sum, patens, ungue ascendente : crista magna transversa carnosa. Co- 
lumna brevis, arcuata, semiteres. Antbera subbilocularis. Pollinia 2, 
bipartibilia, in glandulam transversam subsessilia. — — Herbre terrestres, 
subacaules, foliis plicatis patentibus. Flores speciosi, labello ca^ruleo. 

This genus is extremely near Eulophia, to which I once reduced it. 
The subsequent discovery of other species has convinced me that I was 
wrong, and that it has characters of its own sufficiently pronounced to en- 
title it to a station by itself. 

1 . Zygopetalum Mackaii. Hooker I. e. 

Z. foliis lorato-lanceolatis striatis apice recurvis racemo brevioribus, sep- 
alis petalisque oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, labello obcordato pubescente 
callo baseos crassissimo retrorsum bilobo. 

Eulophia Mackaiana. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1433. 
Zygopetalum Mackaii. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1664. 

p. crinitum, venis labelli magis pilosis. 

Zygopetalum crinitum. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 1687. 

Hab. in Brazilia. (v. v. c.) 

Sepala et petala viridia, sanguineo-maculata ; labellum albidum maculis 

188 VANDE^E. 

2. Zygopetalum maxillare. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1776. 

Z. foliis lanceolatis undulatis acuminatis racemo flexuoso longioribus, sep- 
alis petalisque ovato-oblongis acutis, labello obovato callo baseos max- 
imo lunato margine crispo. 

Hab. in Brasilia, Loddiges. (v. v. c. comm. tunic. Loddiges.) 

Sepala et petala viridia, sanguineo-subvittata ; labellum caeruleum, unico- 
lor, callo mult5 intensiore. 

3. Zygopetalum rostratum. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 2819. 

Z. foliis lato-lanceolatis patentibus scapo sub-unifloro longioribus, sepalis 
petalisque lineari-lanceolatis undulatis acuminatis, labello subquadrato 
callo baseos lunato margine crispo, clinandrio alato dentato. 

Hab. in Demerara, Parker. 

Sepala et petala fusco-viridia; labellum album venis roseis, callo margine 
caeruleo-purpureo. Anthera dorso in subulam erectam producto. 


Cyrtopodium. R. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 216. 

Periantliium explanatum, aequale, sepalis petalisque liberis. Labellum 
unguiculatum, cum basi producta columnar continuum, tripartitum, ex- 
planatum, ecalcaratum. Columna semiteres. Anthera bilocularis. Pol- 

linia 2, postic6 biloba, caudicula lineari brevi, glandula ovata. -Plan- 

tae terrestres, fruticosse, caulibus fusiformibus carnosis, foliis plicatis, 
scapis radicalibus vaginatis, floribus speciosis. 

N. B. Character vegetationis tantiam ad C. Andersonii. 

1. Cyrtopodium Andersonii. R. Br. in H. Kew. 5. 216. Bot. Mag. '• 

C. sepalis petalisque ovatis undulatis, labelli lobis lateralibus oblongis ob- 

tusis intermedio ovato rotundato convexo disco concavo. 
Cymbidium Andersonii. Rot. Rep. 651. 
Hab. in India Occidentali. (v. v. c.) 
Flores flavi. Discus labelli inter lobos laterales callosus. 

3. Cyrtopodium glutiniferum. " Raddi in Act. Soc. Ital. xix. c. * e - 

Colla lllustr. et Ic. Hort. Ripul. App. 2. p. c. 
Hab. in Brasilia, Raddi. 

I know little of this. It would appear to be distinct from C. Ander- 
sonii, as Raddi must have contrasted it with that species ; unfortu- 
nately I have not the Acta Italiana to consult. A plant in the Garden 
the Horticultural Society, sent by the Honble. Mr. Strangways is no 
distinguishable from C. Andersonii. 

From all the fleshy stemmed Orchideae a viscid extract is obtained a 
used for glue in Brazil. 

3. Cyrtopodium punctatum. 

C. foliis lanceolatis plicatis, scapo paniculato, vaginis maximis laxis mem- 

branaceis, sepalis petalisque undulatis acutis maculatis, labelli W" 

lateralibus cuneatis intermedio rotundato pnpilloso. 

VANDEiE. 189 

Helleborine ramosissima cauliculis et floribus maculosis. Plum. Sp. 9. t. 187. 
Epidendrum punctatum. Linn. Sp. PI. 13'15>. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 116. 

Hab. in Hispaniola. (hab. s. sp. communic. eel. Mackenzie.) 
Discus labelli inter lobos laterales tuberculatus. 


Ptrianthium explanatura, sepalis petalisque ascendentibus subaequalibus 
cum ungue longe producto columnae connatis. Labellum ecalcaratum, 
concavum, subventricosum, trilobum, venis axeos callosis v. cristatis, v. 
tuberculatis. Columna semiteres, marginata. Anthera 1-2-locularis. 

Pollinia 2, postice biloba, caudicula brevi subtriangulari. Herbse 

terrestres, foliis plicatis, caulibus carnosis, nunc fusiformibus elongatis, 
nunc abbreviatis. Flores racemosi, speciosi, scapis radicalibus. 

1. Cyrtopera plantaginea. 

C. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis 5-costatis racemo radicali brevioribus, sepalis 
lineari-lanceolatis, petalis latioribus brevioribus, labelli lobis lateralibus 
erectis incurvis rotundatis intermedio ovato obtuso undulato : lamellis 
disci duabus basi tenuibus connatis medio incrassatis apice undulatis, 
venis tribus brevibus callosis interjectis. 

Limodorum plantagineum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 41. 42. 

Hab. in Madagascaria, Thouars, Forbes, (hab. s. sp.) 

Caulis 15-poll. altus. Flores purpurascentes. Th. 

2. Cyrtopera Woodfordii. 

C. caulibus fusiformibus carnosis, foliis lanceolatis plicatis patentibus, 
scapo radicali multifloro, bracteis subulato-lanceolatis, sepalis lineari- 
lanceolatis acutis, petalis oblongis conniventibus brevioribus, labelli 
gibbosi lobis lateralibus rotundatis intermedio emarginato basi bicorni. 

Cyrtopodium Woodfordii. JBot. Mag. t. 1814. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1508. 

Hab. in insula Trinitatis ; Martinied, Richard, Isert. (v. v. c. et s. sp. in herb. 

Vahl. et Hornem.) 
Flores virides, labello purpureo. 

3. Cyrtopera scabrilinguis. 

C. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis basi angustatis, scapo erecto multifloro, brac- 
teis acuminatissimis, sepalis petalisque lineari-oblongis obtusiusculis 
falcatis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus rotundatis intermedio ovato ob- 
tuso longiore : tota facie papillis truncatis densissimis versus callum ob- 
longum medio hypochilii situm decrescentibus obsit&. 

Hab. in Peruvia, Ruiz et Pavon. {exam s. sp. in herb. Lambert.) 

Spica faciem habet omnino C. Woodfordii. 

4. Cyrtopera flava. Lindl. in Wall Cat. no. 7364. 

C. foliis longis lanceolatis plicatis, scapo stricto multifloro, sepalis petalis- 
que ovatis acutis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus rotundatis intermedio 
angustiore obtuso crispo, venis tribus ramentaceis. 

190 VANDEJ2. 

Hab. in India orientali; in montes Morang, Hamilton ; in convallibus Hima- 
layensibus infra Surkunda, Shalma, et Mussooree, Royle. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. 
Angl. lnd.) 

Scapus tripedalis. Flores lutei, unicolores, speciosissimi. 

5. Cyrtopera obtusa. 

C. foliis longis lanceolatis plicatis, scapo stricto multifloro, sepalis peta- 
lisque obtusissimis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus abbreviatis obtusis 
intermedio oblongo obtuso : axi elevato carnoso basi bituberculato. 

Hab. in India Orientali; ad ripas fluminis Tonse prope Deokhutul, Royle. 

(v. s. sp. in herb. Royle et ic. pict.J 
Praecedenti valde affinis, floribus minus numerosis, scapo graciliore, brae- 

teis sepalis petalisque obtusissimis, denique labelli fabrica abunde 


6. Cyrtopera bicarinata. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7363. 

C. aphylla }, scapo gracili distanter vaginato, racemo compacto oblongo, 
sepalis petalisque lineari-oblongis undulatis acutis, labelli trilobi lobis 
lateralibus truncatis integris intermedio cuneato undulato bilobo, pede 
columnar elongate 

Epipactis ? bicarinata. Hamilt. ic. 

Hab. in India orientali, prope Patgang, Hamilton, (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. 

Flores virentes; labello lilacino striato, medio flavo. 

7. Cyrtopera plicata. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7362. 

C. foliis acuminatis, scapo laxe vaginato 6-8-floro, sepalis lineari-laoceo- 
latis petalisque latioribus acutis, labelli trilobi basi bicallosi lobis late- 
ralibus rotundatis erectis intermedio subrotundo retuso. 

Hab. in India Orientali, in montes Morang, Hamilton, (hab. s. sp. e iwus. 
Angl. Ind.) 

Scapus sesquipedalis. Folia juniora tanturn vidi. 

8. Cyrtopera pedicellata. 

C. foliis subsolitariis ensiformibus plicatis, scapo laxe vaginato, floribu 
racemosis cernuis, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis acutiusculis patenti-erec J 
lateralibus angulatis, petalis subaBqualibus, labelli trilobi lobis oblongi 
patentibus : intermedio longiore subconcavo supra sulcato ramenti 
brevissimis obsito. 

Satyrium capense. Linn. Sp. PI. 2. 

Satyrium pedicellatum. Linn. Suppl. 402. 

Serapias pedicellata. Thunb. Prodr. 3. 

Cymbidium pedicellatum. Swartz. in Schrad. Diar. 1799. 224. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 72. 

Hab. ad C. B. Sp. prope Zeeko-rivier et alibi; Thunberg. 

Scapus pedalis, et ultra. 

9. Cyrtopera? gigantea. 

C. foliis carnosis equitantibus ensiformibus recurvatis scapo erecto brevi- 
oribus, racemo multifloro, sepalis petalisque ovatis acutis patentibus, 
labelli hastati lobis lateralibus deltoideis obtusis utrinque productis io* 
termedio majore oblongo integro convexo : disco longitudinallter p»' 
cato limbo undulato. 

VANDE.E. 191 

Satyrium giganteum. Linn. Suppl. 402. 
Limodorum giganteum. Thunb. Prodr. 4. 

Cymbidium giganteum. Swartz. in Schrad. Diar. 1799. 224. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 107. 
Thunb. Fl. Cap. 73. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, juxta Zeekoe-rivier, prope ostium maris j Thunberg. 
Epiphyta. Scapus bipedalis et ultra. Flores flavescentes. Labellum 
basi subtus album, superne purpureo striatum. Th. 


Lissochilus. R. Brown in Lindl. Coll. Bot. t. 31. (1821). 

Penanthium explanatum. Sepala herbacea, parva, reflexa, v. patentia, 

libera. Petala maxima, patentia, alaeformia. Labellum saccatum, con- 

y cavum, subintegrum, v. trilobum, cum basi columnar saepihs connatum. 

Columna erecta, brevis, semiteres. Anthera bilocularis, cristata. Pol- 

bma 2, postice biloba, caudicula lineari brevi, glandula triangulari. 

Herba terrestris, pseudobulbosa, acaulis. Folia striata v. plicata. Ra- 
cemi radicales. Flores speciosi. 

This genus is scarcely distinguishable from Eulophia except by the 
great disproportion between the sepals and petals. 

1. Lissochilus speciosus. R. Br. I. c. 

L. foliis carinatis, scapo multifloro, sepalis ovatis reflexis subaequalibus, 
petaUs oblongis, labello cum basi columnae connato basi auriculato : epi- 
chiho convexo sulcato emarginato, gibbo brevi convexo acutiusculo. 

Lissochilus speciosus. Bot. Reg. t. 573. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. S P> Griffin, (v. v. c.) 

2. Lissochilus streptopetalus. 

♦•k P^ cat ' s< sca Po radicali multifloro, sepalis oblongis obtusis paten- 
tibus, petalis dupl5 latioribus basi tortis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus 
ascendentibus obtusis intermedio convexo rotundato emarginato 3-cos- 
tato, gibbo conico abbreviato. 

Eulophia streptopetala. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1002. Graham in Bot. Mag. 2931. 

Hab. in Brazilia, Hortulani. An potius Africana ? (v. v. c.J 

kepala viridia, purpureo seriatim maculata. Petala labellumque vitellina. 

3. Lissochilus parviflorus. 

•L<- foliis ..... scapo 6-8-floro, sepalo supremo ovato concavo unguiculato 
renexo lateraUbus petalis subaequalibus patentibus, petalis oblongis sub- 
unguiculatis, labello sublibero basi auriculato : epichilio oblongo obtuso 
3-carinato, gibbo porrecto obtuso anticfc sulcato. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Sp. in Stony Vale, Dr. Gill. (exam. s. sp. in herb. Hooker.) 

4. Lissochilus macranthus. 

*->• bracteis maximis oblongis convolutis cuspidatis, sepalis lineari-oblon- 
gis obtusis reflexis aequalibus, petalis late oblongis obtusissimis, labello 
sublibero basi infundibulari abrupte acuminato : lobis lateralibus rotun- 
datis intermedio ovato crenato. 

March. 1833. c c 

192 VANUEvE. 

Hab. ad Boney in Africa cequinoctiali, H. Shepherd, (v. s. sp. in herb. 

Planta speciosissima. Folia ignota. Petala 1-J- poll, longa. Fabricam la- 
belli hand bene vidi. 

5. Lissochilus arabicus. 

L. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis plioatis, racemo laxo multifloro, sepalis ob- 
longis obtusis patentissimis inferioribus duplo longioribus, petalis ob- 
longis obtusis subunguiculatis, labelli lobis lateralibus acutis : interme- 
dio obovato convexo venis 5 elevatis lamellatis, gibbo conico obtuso 
antice carinato. 

Orchis flava. Forsk. Cent. 6. 156. 

Hab. in Arabia, prope Moschajam Djygab, Forsk&l. (v. s. sp. in herb. Vahl.) 

Sic in schedis Forskalii j forte vox moschaia vult templum, angl. mosque. 


Notylia. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 930. (1825.) 

Perianthium explanatum, aequale ; sepalis 2 lateralibus connatis labello 
suppositis. Labellum liberum ecalearatiim, patentissinium, integrum, 
medio callosum. Columna erecta, teres, acuminata. Stigma: rima 
verticalis. Anthera dorsalis, unilocularis, cum stigmate parallela. Cli- 
nandrium planum, anticfc callosum, postice marginatum. Pollinia duo 

integra, caudicula elongato-cuneata, glundula minuta. -Herbs 

epiphytae. Folia solitaria, striata, stipitata, Pleurothallidis more. Spic» 
radicales. Flores inconspicui. 

1. Notylia punctata. Lindl. I. c. 

N. racemo pendulo, labello obcuneato unguiculato acuto basi calloso, 
sepalis petalisque obtusis. 

Gomeza tenuiflora. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 
Fleurothallis punctata. Ker in Bot. Reg. t. 759. 

Hab. in insula Trinitatis ,• (». v. c. comm. dom. Bateman.) 

2. Notylia multiflora. Lindl. I. c. 

N. racemo erecto ? labello cordato-ovato acuminato ecalloso longe ungui- 
culato, sepalis petalisque acutissimis. 

Pleurothallis sagittifera. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. PL 1. 365. t. 91 . Synops. 1. 347. 

Hab. supra arbores juxta Turbaco, regione subcalida regni Novogranaten- 
sis, alt. 180 hexap ; Humb. et Bonpl. 


Masdevallia. Fl. Per Pr«dr. 122. t. 27. 
Perianthium clausum ; sepalis acuminatis v. aristatis in tubum campanu- 
latum connatis. Petala nana. Labellum nanum, oblongum, concavum, 
integrum, cum columna articulatum. Columna erecta, linearis, cana- 

p£^i, ir? thera '•'" Pollinia duo > caudicula brevi. Herb** 

Pleurothalhdis, *eapis unifloris. 

vandEjE. 193 

1. Masdevallia uniflora. Fl. Per. Syst. 238. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et 
Sp. 1.361. L 89. 

M. foliis oblongo-spathulatis, pedunculis unifloris longissimis, sepalis 

Rima-Rima vemaculi. 
Hab. in Huassahuassi locis saxosis ; Ruiz et Pavon ; in locis subfrigidis 

regni Quitensis, alt. 1 180-1600 hexap. Humb. et Bonpl. 

2. Masdevallia caudata. 

M. foliis obovato-oblongis scapo pauld brevioribus, sepalis longissime 

Hab. in subfrigidis regni Novogranatensis, prope S. Fortunato, florens Junio ; 
Gudot. (hab. s. sp.) 

3. Masdevallia infracta. 

M. foliis obovato-oblongis breve petiolatis scapi longitudine, floribus ven- 

tricosis sub sepalis lateralibus infractis, sepalis longe aristatis. 
Hab. supra arbores in montes Organ, Brasilia ; (v. ic.pict. in herb. Hooker.) 
Flores violacei, basi pallidiores, aristis luteis. 


Cryptochilus. Wallich Tent. p. 36. 

Periantbium tubulosurn, fauce contractum, basi antice gibbosum. Sepala 
fere omninb connata, apice tantum libera. Petala libera, pauld minora. 
Labellum indivisum, liberum, cum basi producta columnae continuum. 
Columna semiteres : clinandrio 4-dentato. Anthera 2-locularis. Pol- 

linia 8, paribus 4 glandulae communi adhaerentia. Terrestris, pseu- 

dobulbis aggregatis. Folia semicoriacea, striata, Spica secunda, 

1. Chyptochilus sanguinea. Wall. I. c. t. 26. 

Hab. in Napalia, ad cacumen Chandaghiry supra saxa ; etiam in montibus 

Cachar, Sylhet confiuibus, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 
Flores sanguinei, pollicares, pubescentes. 


hnopsig. Humb. et Kunth. Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1. 348. Iantha. Hooker Exot. FL 113. 

Perianthium clausum. Sepala lateralia basi approximata cum basi labelli 
connata. Petala sepalis conformia. Labellum sepalis multb majus, 
basi saccatum, ungue bicalloso columna parallelo, lamina explanata 
patente biloba. Columna erecta, aptera, semiteres, rostello rostrato. 
Anthera 1-locularis rostrata. Pollinia 2, postic^ sulcata, caudicula 

bneari inclusa, glandula obovata. Herbae epiphyta?, acaules. Folia 

coriacea. Scapi paniculati, vaginati. Flores parvi, pallidi. 

J. Io>fop S i S testioulata. 

*• foliis tereti-subulatis, sepalis acutis antice didymo-ventricosis, labcllo 

194 VANDE/E. 

Epidendrum Satyrioides. Swartz. Prodr. 123. 
Dendr. testiculatum. Swartz. Fl. Jnd. Occ.p. 1533. 

Hab. in arboribus (Crescentia) montium Hispaniolce et Jamaica rarior; 

Flores vernales, minuti, odore Violee odoralce fragrantes, albi ; labello 

petalisque sanguineo-venosis. 

2. Ionopsis utricularioides. Lindl. Coll. Bot. t. 39, A. 

I. foliis lineari-oblongis, sepalis petalisque obtusis antice non ventricosis, 
labello obovato emarginato basi bituberculato. 

Epidendrum utricularioides. Swartz. Prodr. 122. 

Dendr. utricularioides. Swartz. Nov. Act. Ups. v. 6. 83. Willd. Sp. PL v. 4. 133. 

Iantlia pallidinora. Hooker Exot. Fl. t. 113. 

Hab. in insula Trinitatis ; Mexico super arbores Haematoxylum, Citrum, &c; 
in campis siccissimis Jamaica, Swartz!-, supra arbores Coffeae in Parahi- 
ba, Merkel. (v. v. c. et s. sp. in herb. Vahl. et Hornem.) 

An duae species hie confusaa ? 

3. Ionopsis pulchella. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. PL 1. 348. t. 83. 
Synops. 1. 335. 

Hab. locis temperatis subcalidis regni Novogranatensis inter Carthaginem 
et Bugam, ad truneos Psidii pomiferi et Crescentia? Cujete, alt. 483 hex- 
ap. Humb. et Bonpl. 

Flores violacei. Vix aliter difFert ab J. utriculmioide ; verosimiliter 

sunt eaedem. 


Rodriguezia. Flor. Peruv. Prodr. 115./. 25.— Gomeza. R. Brown in Bot. Mag. 1743. 

Perianthium patens, subaequale, sepalis 2 lateralibus connatis labello sup- 
positis. Labellum integrum, unguiculatum, basi cornutum, medio cal- 
losum ; ungue cum columna parallelo. Columna teres apice barbata. 
Anthera unilocularis, earnosa. Clinandrium nudum, retrorsiim declive. 

Pollinia 2, postice excavata, caudicula elastica. Herbae epiphyts, 

subpseudobulbosaa. Folia coriacea, v. membranacea, plicata. Spic* 
secundae. Flores speciosi. isx*'?*^. * ', 

1. Rodriguezia secunda. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. 1. 367. t. 92. 
R. pseudobulbis compressis ovalibus, foliis lanceolatis apice einarginatis 

obliquis, spica cylindracea foliis longiore recurva, sepalo supremo for- 
nicato, petalis ovatis obtusis, labello abrupte deflexo disco calloso apice 
cuneato emarginato. 

Hab. in insula Trinitatis, Ryan, in herb. Vahl j in locis calidis et subtem- 
peratis Provinciae Popayanensis, prope Cartha^inem in truncis Cresccn- 
tiae Cujete, alt. 500 hexap. Humb. et Bonpl. (c. v. c.) 

Flores atro-rosci. 

2. Rodriguezia lanceolata. Fl. Peruv. Prodr. 219. 

R tibu" 1 " 19 oboVatis ' foIiis lanc eolatis strlatis, scapis racemosis dependen 

Hab in Tarm* provincial montibus, vulgb Montanes de los Andes, »d 
Vitoc, lalea, Collac, et Monobantba vlcos ; R. ct P. 

vandejE. 195 

3. Rodriguezia ensiformis. Fl. Peruv. Prodr. 218. 

R. " bulbis oblongis, foliis ensiformibuslineatis, scapis racemosis erectis." 

Hab. in nemoribus Pozuzo supra saxa et arbores, versus Chenico et Tramo 
tractus ; Ruiz et Pavon. 

4. Rodriguezia recurva. Lindl. in Hort. Trans, v. 7. p. 67. 

R. foliis lanceolatis ^plicatis, racemo recurvo, petalis sepalisque undulatis/ 

labello revoluto emarginato. 
Gomeza recurva. Bot. Mag. 1. 1748. 
Hab. in Brasilia, Douglas, (v. v. c) 
Flores lutei. 

5. Rodriguezia planifolia. Lindl. in Hort. Trans, v. 7. p. 67. 

R. foliis binis planis lineari-lanceolatis utrinque angustatis subaveniis, ra- 

cemis recurvis. 
Gomeza recurva. Bot. Cab. t. 660. 
Hab. in Brazilia. (v. v. c.) 

6. Rodriguezia suaveolens. 

R. pseudobulbis oblongis compressis, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis striatis, 
scapo erecto multifloro> sepalis petalisque acuminatis, labello ovato re- 
flexo basi longitudinaliter bituberculato membranisque duabus erectis. 

Pleurothallis foliosa. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 2746. 

Hab. in Brasilia. 

Flores odore Primula veris, lutescentes, labello luteo. 


Macradenia. R. Brown in Bot. Reg. 612. (1822.) 

Perianthium explanatum, liberum, subaequale. Labellum sessile, cuculla- 
tum, coneavum, indivisum, acuminatum. Columna erecta, labello 
aequalis, semiteres, clavata, lobis lateralibus apicis in cucullum antheram 
amplexantem conniventibus ; rostello longo subulato. Anthera bilocu- 
laris, rostro producto rostellum involvente. Pollinia duo, solida, cau- 
dicula cuneata\ basi longe angustata, glandula ovali.— — Herba epi- 
phyta, pseudobulbosa. Folia coriacea. Scapi radicales, multiflori. 

I. Macradenia lutescens. Brown I. c. t. 619, 

Hab. in insula Trinitatis. 

Scapus erectus, foliis brevior. Flores luteo-virides, laciniis intus purpu- 
reo-fusco marmoratis. 


Cryptarrhena. R. Brown in Bot. Reg. t. 153 (1816.) 

J enanthium explanatum. Sepala libera, petalis obovatis aequalia. La- 
bellum dependens, unguiculatum, ecalcaratum, limbo convexo truncato 
utrinque bicorni. Columna nana, tumida, aptera. Anthera apice cu- 

196 vandejE. 

cullato columnae inclusa. Pollinia 4. Herba acaulis. Folia caespU 

tosa, coriacea. Scapus tenninalis, multiflora. Flores parvi lutei. 

Char, ex opere et icone citato. An hujus tribus. Descriptio Brownii 
valde manca. 

1. Cryptarrhena lunata. Brown in Bot. Reg. 153. 
Hab. in Jamaica. 


Cuitlauzina. La Llave et Le.rarz. Nov. Veg. 32. (1825.) 

Perianthium explanatum, sepalis petalisque subrotundis carnosis, ut pluri- 
milni irregularibus. Labellum unguiculatum, flabelliforme j ungue 
canaliculato, limbo bilobo undulato rugoso. Columna brevis, tumida, 
apice auriculas tres petaloideas gerens. Anthera petaloidea, unilocu- 

laris, cucullata. Pollinia 2, pyriformia, cava, caudicula unica. 

Herba epiphyta, pseudobulbis depressis rugatis. Folia coriacea. Sca- 
pus nudus ! pendulus, multiflorus, radicalis. Flores speciosi. 

Char, ex autor. citat. 

1. Cuitlauzina pendula. Llave I. c. 

Hab. in Mexico, supra arbores juxta Jesus del Monte, prope Vallisoletum, 
florens Junio et Julio ; Llave. 

Folia bina, lanceolata, basi equitantia. Flores odoratissimi, albi aut vio- 
lacei, purpureo-variegati. Labellum concolor discolorve, ungue lutes- 
cente punctis coccineis miniato. Anthera alajque candidae. Llave. 


Oncidium. Swartz. Act. Holm. 239. 1800. Brown in Hort. Kew. 5. 215. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala saepius undulata : lateralibus nunc sub 
labello connatis. Petala conformia Labellum maximum, ecalcaratum. 
cum columna continuum, varie lobatum, basi tuberculatum v. cristatum. 
Columna libera, semiteres, apice utrinque alata. Anthera semibilocu- 
laris, rostello nunc abbreviato, nunc elongato rostrato. Pollinia 2, 

postice sulcata, caudicula plana, glandula oblonga.' Herba; epiphytae, 

nunc pseudobulhosae. Folia coriacea, Scapi paniculati vaginati, rarius 
simplices. Flores speciosi, lutei, saspius maculati, rar6 albi. 

A. Labellum 3-lobum. (Euoncidium.) 

§. 1. Folia plana, v. complicata. 
a. Sepala lateralia connata. 

* Labclli laciniae lat. nana? v. obliterate. 

>* Labelli laciniae lat. intermedia; longitndine aequales. 
*** Labelli lacinise lat. intermedia majores. 
6. Sepala lateralia libera. 

* Labelli lacinise lat. nana; v. obliterate. 

•A* _ Labelli ^imae lat. intermedia: longitudine aqnales. 
/ n c ,• Labe111 lacinia; lat. intermedia majores. 
$. 2. roha tnquetra, v. teretia. 

B. Labellum integerrimum. (GENUS ?) 



A. Labellum S-lobum. (Euoncidium.) 
§. 1. Folia plana, v. complicata. 

a. Sepala lateralia connata. 
* Labelli laciniae laterales nanae, v. obliterate. 

1. Oncidium crispum. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 1854. 

O. pseudobulbis oblongis sulcatis rugosis diphyllis, foliis lanceolatis cori- 
aceis acutis, scapo simplici multifloro, sepalis recurvis undulatis obtusis 
lateralibus semiconnatis, petalis duple) majoribus oblongis undulatis un- 
guiculatis, labelli lobis lateralibus cornuformibus recurvis nanis inter- 
medio maximo unguiculato subrotundo-cordato undulato, crista duplici 
serie deltoidea dentata, columnae ulis rotundatis denticulatis carnosis. 

Hab. in Brazilia in montibus Organ supra arbores mortuos. (v. ic. pict. in 
herb Hooker. J 

Folia 6-7-poll. basi purpureo maculata. Scapus ascendens simplex, 50- 
60-florus. Flores aurantiaci luteo limbati, diametro 3-pollicari. 

2. Oncidiom nubigenum. Lindl. in Hooker Bot. Misc. ined. 

O. pseudobulbis l-^-phyllis, foliis lanceolatis acutis, scapo simplici pauci- 
floro (3-10), sepalis lateralibus rectis semiconnatis petalisque oblongis 
acutis undulatis, labelli lobis lateralibus nullis intermedio subrotundo 
subsexlobo, crista trituberculata compressa, columnae alis rotundatis 

Hab. in Andium Peruvianorum jugo Assuay supra truncos arborum p ut res- 
cent es, alt. 14,000 ped. rarb infra, florens Augusto, Jamieson. (exam. s. 
sp. in herb. Hooker.) 

Folia 21 poll. Scapus spithamaeus. Flores magnitudine O. bifolii pallide 

3. Oncidium viperinum. Lindl. I. c. 

v». foliis lineari-lanceolatis acutis planis, scapo simplici cernuo flexuoso 
racemoso denso multifloro, sepalis lateralibus basi connatis divaricatis 
petalisque latioribus lanceolatis undulatis recurvis acutis, labelli lobis 
lateralibus obsoletis denticulatis semisagittatis intermedio subrotundo-re- 
niformi piano subbilobo, crista medio tuberculata basi et apice bicorni, 
columnae alis parvis rotundatis. 

Hab. supra truncos arborum emortuos solo pingui in Uruguay, (exam. s. 
sp. in herb. Hooker.) 

Tbis closely resembles O. bifolium, differing chiefly in the acute, spreading 
or recurved petals, in the lower sepals being united only at the base, in 
the form of the tubercles of the crest, and in the flowers being more 
closely arranged. The crest when seen in profile resembles strikingly a 
cluster of young vipers' heads. 

4. Oncidicm bifolium. Sims in Bot. Mag. t. 1491. 

u - pseudobulbis oblongis diphyllis, foliis lanceolatis patentibus planis, 
scapo simplici cernuo racemoso laxo multifloro, sepalis (quorum latera- 
ha semiconnata) petalisque obtusis concavis undulatis, labelli lobis late- 
ralibus nanis obtusis recurvis intermedio maximo subunguiculato reni- 
formi piano bilobo repando, crista medio interrupts callosa utrinque tu- 
berculis linearibus patentibus munita, columnae alis rotundatis integris. 

°- bifolinm. Loddige* Bot. Cab. t. 1845. 

H ab. in Montevideo. 

198 VANDBiE. 

Folia 5-6-pollic. 7-8 lin. lata. Scapi 8-pollices longi, im5 pedales 6-12- 
flori. Sepala et petala luteo-olivacea rubro maculata. Labellum lu- 
teum immaculatum. 

5. Oncidium pauciflorum. Lindl. Coll. Bot. p. 27- 

O. foliis lineari-lanceolatis complicatis acuminatis subfalcatis integris, 
scapo simplici apice 2-3-floro, sepalo supremo unguiculato lateralibus- 
que connatis cochleatis, petalis majoribus acutis, labelli lobis lat. nanis 
rotundatis runcinatis : intermedio subsessili renifornii bilobo, crista 5- 
loba, columnar alis acinaciformibus. 

Epidendrum acinaciforme. Pavon in Herb. Lamb. 

Hab. in Mexico, Pavon. {exam. s. sp. in herb. Lambert.) 

Pseudobulbi nulli. Sepala petalis mult6 minora, obtusa, inferiils emargi- 
nata. Labellum petalis duplb longiusj crista lamella una biloba a 
tergo, tribusque minoribus quarum intermedia major a fronte. Flores 
parvi maculati. 

6. Oncidium tetrapetalum. fVilld. Sp. PI. 4. 112. 

O. foliis lanceolatis acutis falcatis carinatis complicatis integris, scapo 
simplici v. paniculato multifloro, sepalis petalisque lanceolatis acumina- 
tis : inferioribus in unum connatis cymbiforme labelli longitudine apice 
divergenti-bilobum, labelli lobis lateralibus linearibus : intermedio renj- 
formi unguiculato emarginato, crista 5-tuberculata, alis columns aci- 
naciformibus denticulatis. 

Epidendrum tetrapetalum. Jacg, Amer. 230. t. 142. 
Cymb. tetrapetalum. Swartz. Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 74. 
O. quadripetalum. lb. Act. Holm. 1800, p. 240. 

Hab. in Jamaica, Mac Fadgen. (v. s. sp. in herb. Banks. ; et exam, in herb. 

Folia radicalia 4-5-poll. Scapus bipedalis. Tota planta quandbque 

triplb minor. 

7. Oncidium variegatum. Swartz. Act. Holm. 1800. p. 240. 

O. foliis oblongis acutis complicatis falcatis margine eartilagineo-serru- 
latis, scapo multifloro simplici v. paniculato, sepalis obtusis : lateralio u9 
in unum cucullatum integrum connatis, petalis obtusis sublobatis, la- 
belli lobis lateralibus ovatis obtusis recurvis intermedio renifornii un- 
dulato bilobo minoribus, crista trilamellata, columnar alis acinaciforun* 
bus integris. 

Viscum delphinii flore albo guttata, minus, radice fibrosa. Sloan. Jam. p. 251. 1. 148. /• 
Epidendrum variegatum. Swartz.! Prodr. 122. 
Cymbidium variegatum. lb. N. Act. Ups. 6. 74. 
O. variegatum. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 113. 

Hab. supra arbores (praesertim Crescentiam) in montosis Hispanic**' 

Swartz. {hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Mackenzie.) 

Swartz lias well observed tbat this is distinguished from Oneida* 
tetrapetalum by its broader serrulated leaves, and its acuminate not ob- 
tuse sepals. For fine specimens gathered in Saint Domingo I am indebted 
to Charles Mackenzie, Esq. 

Like many other species it varies remarkably in stature ; the speci- 
mens in the Banksian Herbarium from Swartz are not half the size 
of mine. 



* * Labelli laciniae laterales intermedia? aequales. 

12. Oncidium ciliatum. 

O. pseudobulbis ovatis compressis monophyllis, foliis complicatis lineari- 
oblongis obtusis scapo erecto flexuoso apice paucifloro pluries bre- 
vioribus, sepalis undulatis lineari-oblongis obtusis : anteriore bilobo, 
petalis obovatis crispis, labello aequaliter tripartito sepalis breviore: 
laciniis obovatis sinubus suis latissimis fimbriatis, crista 5-corni cornubus 
posticis divergentibus anticis collateralibus tuberculis quibusdam inter- 
jectis, columnae alis ovatis acutis. 

Hab. in Brasilia, Hort. Reg. Kcw. (v. ic. Bauer.) 

Folia 2-3 poll, longa. Scapus debilis, subpedalis, sanguineo punctatus. 
Flores lutei, sanguineo maeulati. Labelli laciniae unicolores. 

*** Labelli laciniae laterales intermedia majores. 

13. Oncidium barbatum. Lindl. Coll. Bot. t. 27. 

O. pseudobulbis oblongis compressis monophyllis, foliis lineari-oblongis 
coriaceis obtusis emarginatis, scapo flexuoso paniculato, sepalis lanceo- 
latis undulatis acutis : duobus inferioribus basi connatis divergentibus, 
petalis conformibus obtusis, labello transverso sepalis breviore : lobis 
lateralibus obovatis intermedio minimo bilobo ; disco barbato, cristft 
depressa triloba lobo medio tricrenato, alis columns; brevibus rotundatis. 

Hab. in Brazilia, Swainson. (v. v. c.) 

Sepala et petala fusca punctata. Labellum flavum disco sanguineo-macu- 
lato. Columna lutea fuscopurpureo variegata. Scapus gracilis 2-pedalis. 

b. Sepala lateralia libera. 

_ * Labelli laciniae laterales nana;, v. obliterate;. 

14. Oncidium altissimum. Swartz. Act. Holm. 1800, p. 240. 

O. pseudobulbis oblongis compressis, foliis ensiformibus rigidis carinatis 
carnosis scapo (6-pedali) erecto ramoso multb brevioribus, sepalis peta- 
lisque labelli longitudine lineari-lanceolatis undulatis, labello cordato 
utrinque introrsum arcuato apice dilatato subreniformi emarginato, 
crista enneadactyla, columnae alis abbreviatis. 

a. Alis columnae rotundatis. 

Epidendram altissimum. Jacq. Amer. 229, 1. 141. 

O. altissimum. Swartz. Ft. Jnd. Occ. 1481. mild. Sp. PI. A, 112. Hooker h B*t 
Mag. 2990. r ' 

(3. Alis columnae truncatis. 

O. Baueri. Illustr. of Gen. 8f Sp. of Orchideous Plants, t. 7. Genera. 
tpidendrum Gigas. Richard in Herb. Vahl. 

Hab. in Panama et Columbia occidental, Cuming, No. 1247 ; in Jamaica 
alibique in India occidentali in truncos arborum, Swartz ; ad Porto Bico, 
West in herb. Vahl ; Cayenna, Richard, (hab. s. sp. et v. v. c.) 

Flores flavescentes fusco marginati et guttati. Labellum luteum fa*:'* 
lata tetentia. Hue procul dubio Epid. Gigas Richard in herb. Va hl 
cui Bulb, bifolii oblongi compressi pollicares, scapus radicalis 9-p*' 
aaiis, et folia ensiformia 9-pedalia" tribuuntur. 

» °an recte*? ^^^ h iC ° ne Hookeriana polydactyla, et flores vix macula^ 


15. Oncidium pictum. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et. Sp. PL 1, 346. t. 81. 

0. pseudobulbo ovato-oblongo, foliis late linear ibus coriaceis, scapo pani- 
culate) multifloro, sepalis lineari-lanceolatis unguiculatis petalisque 
obtusis undulatis, labelli lobis lateralibus rotundatis nanis intermedio 
transverso retuso undulato, crista 7-8-tuberculata, columns: alis is 

Hab. in temperatis Provinciae Popayanensis inter villain el Naranjo et 
pagum Roldanilla alt. 540 hexap. florens Octobri, Humb. et Bonpl. 

This differs from O. altissimum in its leaves being narrower, its scape 
much shorter, the wings of the column subulate, and the spots of the 
flower red, not brown. Kunth. 

16. Oncidium funereum. Llave et Lexars. st. nov. 2, 37. 

0. foliis ensiformibus acutis, scapo stricto paniculato multifloro, sepalis 
petalisque lanceolatis undulatis : inferioribus subfalcatis longioribus, 
labelli lobis lateralibus rotundatis integerrimis nanis : intermedio sub- 
rotundo sessili apice et utrinque versus basin emarginato, crista tuber- 
culata, columnae clavatse alis abbreviatis integerrimis semisagittatis. 

Hab. in Mexico, Pavon ; praecipue juxta Irapaeum et Jesus del Monte^ flo- 
rens Novembri, Llave (exam. s. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 

Michuacanenses accolae veluti ornamenta sepulchralia flores hujus adhibent. 
Pseudobulbi lenticulares, subrotundi, depressi, diphylli. Llave. Scapus 
longissimus. Flores magnitudine O. Carthaginensis. 

17. Oncidium Carthaginense. Swartz. Act. Holm. 1800, p. 240. 

U. toliis oblongis acutis rigidis carnosis, scapo paniculato multifloro, 
sepalis undulatis : supremo unguiculato obtuso cochleato reflexo late- 
ralibus lanceolatis acutis patentibus, petalis obtusis undulatis lobatis, 
labelli lobis lateralibus acutis recurvis intermedio subrotundo-reni- 
formi emarginato majore, crista triloba carnosa lobis tuberculatis inter- 
medio acuto elongato, columnae alis carnosis obliquis rotundatis repandis. 

Epidendrum Carthaginense. Jacg. Amer. 228, /. 133./. 4. 

"• Urthaginense. Willd. Sp. PI. 4 , 112. 

epidendrum undulatum. Bot. Mag. t. 777 mala. 

Hab. in Carthagence sylvis densis, Jacquin. (v. v. c.) 

* lores olivacei, maculati, labello basi luteo sanguineoque variegato. Glan- 

dula polliniorum maxima, postice meinbranaceo-biaurita ; caudicula 
nulla. Crista labelli omninb ranam refert. 

18. Oncidium luridum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 727- 

O. foliis oblongis acutis rigidis carnosis, scapo paniculato multifloro, se- 
Palis petalisque undulatis obovatis ; superioribus obtusis, inferioribus 
acutis, labelli lobis lateralibus nanis obtusis intermedio undulato trans- 
verso emarginato, crista tuberculis 2 ad basin 2 majoribus intermediis 
eallisque tribus cruciatis a fronte, columnae alis unguiculatis rotundatis 

i rS?f. ram » ut *atum. Linn. Sp. PI. 1351. 
> oSSl m & uttatun ». Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 102. 

• «»ciamm cuneatum. Lindl. Coll. Bot. p. 27. 

£• in Jamaica, Waters ; etiam in insula Trinitatis. (v. v. c. et s. sp. in herb. 

Thi 8 although very nearly related toO. Carthaginense, is undoubtedly g 
a,,t inct. It s petals and upper sepal are very obtuse and nearly alike in 


form, the former are not lobed, the side lobes of the labellnm are much 
smaller, and the tubercles of the crest are quite different. The gland of 
this, although very like that of O. Carthaginense, has the membranous 
auricles larger. I presume the very obscure Cymbid. guttatum must be 
this plant. 

19. Oxcidium olivaceum. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. 1.34/. 

O. " bulbo ov.ito-oblongo, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, pedunculo simplici 
multifloro, foliolis calycis carnosis reflexis, labello trifido : lacinia inter- 
media subreniformi emarginata, gynosteraio basi alis rotundatis instruc- 
to apice cucullato." 

Hab. in crepidinibus montis ignivomi PuracJ, prope urbem Popayan, alt. 
1754 hex. florens Octobri. Humb. et Bonpl. 

Folia 3-4 -pollicaria Scapus 1-2-pedalis. Sepala lanceolata, acuinmata, 
9-10 lin. longa. Petala oblonga, acuta, sepalis breviora. Labellum 
maximum ; lacinia intermedia crenulata, plana, rosea, poll, lata, J-p. 
longa, basi angustata, tuberculo conico flavo cristata j lateralibus obli- 
que ovatis, undulatis, distantibus, rubro-maculatis, 4-5 lin. longis. Ei 

20. Oxcidium ampliatum. Limit, in Bot. Miscell. n. s. ined. 

O. sepalis omnibus liberis, labello bilobo subrotundo transverso : lobu 
lateralibus brevissimis, callo baseos 3-lobo : lobis lateralibus teretibus 
intermedio compresso, alis columnae 3 cuneatis dentatis lateralibus re- 
flexis, pseudobulbis subrotundis compressis, foliis planis oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis, scapo erecto apice ramoso. 

Hab. in Panama, et Columbia occidentali, Cuming ; no. 1312. (hab. s.*P) 

21. Oncidium Harrisonianum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1569. 

O. pseudobulbis subglobosis monophyllis, foliis carnosis lineari-oblongis 
acutis recurvis, panicula ramosa multiflora, sepalis petalisque linearibus 
obtusissimis, labelli laciniis lateralibus minutis auriculaeformibus in- 
termedia unguiculata transversa emarginata, crista 5-loba centro pu- 
bescente, columns alis deltoideis rectiusculis. 

Hab. in Brasilia, in montibus Organ, Gul. Harrison, (v. v. c.) 

22. Oncidium globuliferum. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. 1. 347- 

O. " bulbo subgloboso, foliis oblongis brevissime mucronatis, scapis siui- 
plicibiis subunifloris, foliolis calycis subaequalibus crenulato-undu a- 
tis, labello subreniformi apice emarginato-bilobo, gynostemio apice a 
crenulata cincto ?" 

Hab. su]>ra arbores in declivitate Andium Popayanensium in convalli »™ 
Putes et juxta pagum Timbio, alt. 730 hex. florens Octobri. Humb. e 

Folia sesquipoll. 7-8 lin. lata. Scapi sesquipoll. Bractea? plures, iinbrv 
catse, acuminata?. Flores rubro-maculati. Sepala et petala obtusa- 
Labellum maximum, basin versus angustatum, laciniis lateralibus nn D ' 
imis rotundatis. Ex Kunth. 

23. Oncidium iridifolium. Humb. et Kunth. N. Gen. et Sp. PL 1. 344. 

O. foliis ensiformibus brevibus equitantibus, scapo simplici subunifloro. 
sepalo supremo obtuso : lateralibus acutis collateralibus, petalis obtuse 
undulatis majoribus, labelli lobis lateralibus parvis subrotundis unfc'W 

VANDE^E. 203 

culatis : interraedio multb mujore subrotundo bilobo utrinque versus 
apicem emarginato, crista . . . . , columnar ala crenulatsi circumdante. 

Epidendrum pusillum. Linn. Sp. PL 1352. 

Cymbidium pusillum. Sward. Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 74. Wittd. Sp. PI. 4. 104. 

Hab. in Americd aquinoctiali ; Mexico, Pavon ; Surinam, Dahlbergj Nov. 
Grenada, Humb. et Bonpl. (©. v. sp. in Herb. Lambert.) 

Flores flavi, sub-maculati. Statura 2-3-pollicaris. 

24. Oncidium Papilio. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 910. 

O. pseudobulbis subrotundis compressis rugosis monophyllis, foliis ob- 
longis coriaceis obtusis maculatis, scapo perennante debili ancipiti ar- 
ticulato apice paucifloro, sepalo supremo petalisque linearibus longissi- 
mis basi angustatis, sepalis lateralibus oblongis revolutis undulatis 
labello longioribus, labelli lacinia intermedin emarginata sub rot inula 
crispa basi valde angustatS. lateralibus rotundatis, crista? glandulis for- 
mam ranae cubantis referentibus, coluinnae alis serratis. 

O. Papilio. Hooker in Bot. Mag. 2795. Loddiges Bot. Cab. t. 1086. 

Hab. in insula Trinitatis. (v. v. e.) 

25. Oncidium tigrinum. Have Orch. Mex. 2. 36. 

O. " bulbis ovatis ancipitibus; foliis lanceolatis bulbo innatis; scapo tere- 
ti simplici j floribus laming labelli reniformi longe unguiculata." 

Flor de Muertos vernacule. 

Hab. in Mexici montibus Irapsei prope Vallisoletum, fiorens Noveinbri; 

Pseudobulbi 3-poll. et ultra, 2-3-phylli. Scapus teres, 2-pedalis, 3-5-flo- 
rus. Flores odore violae suavissimo, magni, speciosi, pellem tigrinam 
referentes. Sepala et petala lanceolato-ovata, lutescentia, maculis ti- 
grinis castaneo-purpureis tota superficie variegata. Labellum maxi- 
mum, luteum, immaculatum, lamina amplissima, carnosa, reniformi aut 
bilobata, undulata. Columnae alae acuminata;. 

Variat 1°. scapo ramoso giganteo multitloro, et 2°. scapo attenuato elato, 
floribus gracillimis prope Paracho. Llave. 

* * Labelli laciniae laterales intermediae longitudine aequales, 

26. Oncidium onustum. Lindl. in Hot. Miscell. n. s. ined. 

O. sepalis omnibus liberis, labello bilobo transverso : lobis lateralibus 
linearibus apice subdilatatis, callo baseos oblongo cochleato antice ap- 
pendicula tuberculiformi instructo, alis columnae 2 integerrimis, foliis 
linearibus complicatis falcatis, scapo simplici, racemis cernuis secundis 

Hab. in Panama et Columbia occidental! ; Cuming, no. 1208. (hab. s. sp.) 

17. Oncidium panduriferum. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. 1. 346. t. 82. 
O. *' foliis lanceolatis, pedunculo paniculato multifloro, calycis foliolis sub- 

sequalibus undulatis unguiculatis, labello panduriformi apice emargina- 

to, gynostemio apice ala quinqueloba eincto." 
Hab. in convallibus Regni Novogranatensis, sub coelo mitiori, ad radices 

Parami Pitatumbae, juxta pagum Pongo, inter urbe9 Almaguer et Pasto, 

alt. 1370 hex, florens Novembri. Humb. et Bonpl. 



Folia 7-8-poll. longa, sesquipoll. vix lata. Scapus sub 4-petlalis. Flores 
exsiccati aurantiaci. Sepala et petala subrotundo-ovata obtusa. La- 
bellum laciniis lateralibus intermedin subtruncatae subaequalibus, sinu- 
bus interjectis valde apertis ; tuberculis 4 cristatum. Columna cucul- 
lata margine petaloideo utrinque bilobo, inde, cucullo numerato, " ala 
5-loba cincta." Ex Kunth. 

28. Oncidium echinatum. Humb. et Kunth. N. Sp. 1.345. t. 79. 

O. " bulbo oblongo; foliis .oblongo-lanceolatis, pedunculo paniculate 
multifloro ; labello trifido basi bialato, gynostemio alato rostrato, rostro 
elongato adscendente ; capsula glandulosa echinata. 

Hab. ad litora Me.xicana, occidenti soli opposita, prope Acapulco, regione 
ferventissima, florens Aprili. Humb. et Bonpl. 

Pseudobulbus oblongus, subpollicaris. Folia sesqui-aut bipollicaria. 
Scapus pedalis. Sepala et petala lanceolata, acuminata, patentia, subae- 
qualia. Labelli laciniae laterales rotundatae, intermediae ovatae obtusae 
unguiculatae ferfe aequales. Alse duae, lineares, ad basin laciniae intern^ 
labelli. Columna brevissima, longissime rostrata, alis lineari-lanceo- 
latis divaricatis. Ex Kunth. 

•29. Oncidium ornitborbyncbum. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. 1. 345. t. 80. 

O. " bulbo oblongo, foliis lanceolatis, pedunculo paniculato multifloro, 
labello subpanduriformi apice emarginato, gynostemio alis duabus cu- 
neatis erectis coronato longe rostrato : rostro recto." 

Hab. in temperatis regni Mexicani prope el Puerto de Andaracuas, inter 
urbes Guanaxuato et Valladolid de Mechoacan, alt. 1010 hex. florens 
Septembri. Humb. et Bonpl. 

Pseudobulbus oblongus, glaber, sesquipollicaris. Folia lanceolata, acuta, 
striato-nervosa, vix coriacea, 4-5-poll. longa, 7-lin. lata. Sepala subae- 
qualia, spatulata, apice rotundata. Petala oblonga, obtusa. Labellum 
angustum, lacinia media contracta, et ided lac. laterales, quae alioqui 
nanae essent, ei fere aequales. Crista, ex icone, 5-loba. Alae columnae 
denticulatae. Ex Kunth. 

30 ? Oncidium hyalinobulbum. Llave Orch. Mex. 2. 38. 

O. " bulbis lenticularibus subhyalinis; foliis lineari-lanceolatis ; scapo 
filiformi flexuoso ; floribus insectiformibus resupinatis ; lamina labelli 
lanceolata; gynostemio cuneiformi longe rostrato." 

Hab. in Mexico, supra arbores ad Acuitzium, florens vere. Llave. 

Planta exigua. Pseudobulbi punctati, diphylli. Scapus pauciflorus. Se- 
pala et petala lanceolata subaequalia. Labellum carnosum, 3-partituffl, 
basi tribus auriculis tuberculosis prominentibus : lobulis lateralibus cu- 
neatis subrotundis, intermedio ovato acuminato pendulo. Llave. 

Vix hujus generis. 

31. Oncidium serpens. Lindl. in Bot. Misc. ined. 

°V C r^ e ' epente tortu oso filiformi ad nodos radicante pseudobulbifero, 
loins oblongo-lanceolatis acutis pedunculis bifloris brevioribus, sepalis 
petalisque obovatis obtusis planis aequalibus, labello oblongo obtuso 
medio con stncto basi bilamellato, columna marginal apice membrana- 

VANDEjE. 205 

Hab. supra arbores ad Patacocha in via Esmeraldas ducente, alt. 1000 
hexap. Hall, (v. s. sp. in herb. Hooker .) 

Caulis penna corvina .minor. Folia 2-poll. longa, y-p. lata, inferiora ex- 
tra pseudobulbos minora, vaginis latis striatis. Flores lutei, castaneo 
maculati, fere pollicem lati, facie Macradeniae luteae. Clinandrium 
cucullatum : membrana in margines columnae decurrente. Ala? obsole- 
tae. Anthera et pollinia ignota. 

* * * Labelli laciniae laterales intermedia majores. 

3*2. Oncidium macranthum. 

O. sepalis cordatis oblongis obtusis undulatis unguiculatis, petalis eequa- 
libus conformibus paulo latioribus et brevins unguiculatis, labelli hastati 
laciniis lateralibus subfalcatis intermedia acuminatissima majoribus, 
crista basi hastata apice dentibus duabus runcinatis, columnae alis ro- 

Hab. in Guayaquil, Ruiz et Pavon. (exam. Jiorem unicum s. in herb. Lambert J 
Adest praeterea folium oblongo-lanceolatum 2-costatum, pedale ; sed nes- 
cio an flori vere pertineat. Floris diametrum 3-pollicare. 

33. Oncidium divaricatum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1050. 

O, foliis oblongis obtusis apiculatis concavis coriaceis margine same fissis, 
scapo paniculato divaricatissimo, sepalis petalisque obovatis obtusis 
aequalibus, labelli crenulati cordati lobis lateralibus rotundatis interme- 
dio sub-cordato rotundato emarginato majoribus, crista pulvinata pu- 
bescente 4-loba, columnae alis rotundatis integerrimis. 

p. cupreum; perianthii foliolis angustioribus cupreis vix maculatis. 

Hab. in Brasilia ; ad Corcovado prope Rio de Janeiro, Herb. Hooker. (». v. 

c et s. sp. in Herb. Hooker.) 
Pseudobulbi subrotundi, compressi, monophylli. Scapus 3-4-pedalis. 

Flores viridi-lutei, rubro maculati. 

34. Oncidium pumilum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 920. Bot. Cab. 1732. 

O. pseudobulbis nullis, foliis rigidis ovalibus obliquis, panicula erecta 
thyrsoidea foliorum longitudine, sepalis petalisque obovatis incurvis, 
labello subrotundo trilobo : lobis ovatis obtusis : intermedio paulb mi- 
nore : disco callis duobus longitudinalibus sinubus loborum oppositis 
cristato, alis columnae integerrimis. 

p- alis columnae cuneiformibus truncatis, crista labelli obsoleta, foliis 
atroviridibus vix maculatis, statura majore. 

Hab. in Brasilia ; Harrison, Douglas, (v. v. c.) 

§. 2. Folia triquetra, v. teretia. 

35. Oncidium triquetrum. R. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 216. 

O. " petalis acutis : anticis connatis, labelli lobo medio subrotundo indi- 
viso, scapo racemoso, foliis triquetris." R. Br. 

Epidendrum triquetrum. Swartz. Prodr. 122. 

Cymbidium triquetrum. Swartz. Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 74. Wtllil. Sp. PI. 4. 104. 

Hab. in Jamaica, Swartz. (v. s. sp. in herb. Banks.) 

Folia triquetra, cultrata, apice compressa, lanceolata, acuta. Sw. Sea- 

206 YANDEX. 

pus simplex, 5-florus. Sepalum supremum erectum, lanceolatum, un- 
guiculatum, acuminatum. Petala majora, ovata, acuta, medio colorata. 
Labellum saepe posticum, ovato-cordatum, ecristatum !, utrinque emar- 
ginatum, apiculatum. Columnae alae obliquae, rotundats, plana?. 

36. Oncidium pulchellum. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 2773. 

O. foliis acutk triquetris carinatis subfalcatis integris, scapo simplici apicc 
racemum subsimplicem cernuum gerente, sepalis cymbiformibus acu- 
minatis lateralibus connatis, petalis obovatis rotundatis planis, labelli 
lobis lateralibus rotundatis intermedio subrotundo sessili retuso suba;- 
qualibus, crista triloba antice 1-callosa, alis columnae acinaciformibus 
Hab. in Jamaica, Mac Fadgen ; Demerara, Parker, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. 

This very remarkable species has the habit of 0. variegatum, and teira- 
petalum, from both which it is readily distinguished by the large lateral 
lobes of its labellum, and the cymbiform upper sepal. Its crest is also 
essentially different, consisting of three narrow nearly equal collateral 
elevati calli, in front of which is placed a short tubercle. 

Its flowers are pure white with a little orange about the crest of the 
lip. The column is pink. 

37. Oncidium Cebolleta. Swartz. Act. Holm. lSOO.p. 240. 

O. foliis radicalibus teretibus subulatis, scapo stricto paucifloro, sepalis 
petalisque lanceolatis unguiculatis, labelli laciniis lateralibus abbreyiatis 
erectis intermedia unguiculata reniformi emarginata, columnae ahs re- 
trorsum falcatis rotundatis integris. 

Helleborine maculosa, foliis junreis et sulcatis. Plum. Sp. 9. ic. 184./". 2. 

Epidendrum Cebolleta. Jacq. Amer. 230. t. 131./. 2. 

Oncidium Cebolleta. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 113. 

Epidendrum juncifolium. Linn. Sp. PI. 1351. 

Cymbidium juncifolium. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 102. 

Oncidium juncifolium. Lindl. Coll Bot. p. 27. 

Hab. in India occidentali, insula See. Lucice, Herb. Banks ; Carthagena sylvis, 
Jacquin. (». s. sp. in herb. Banks.) 

Pseudobulbi nulli. Folia 9-12 uncias longa, subulata, teretia, basi mem- 
branaceo-vaginata. Scapus erectus, pauciflorus, angulatus, glaber. 
Perianthii laciniae subaequales, patentes, tessellatae, lanceolate, acuts, 
undulatae. Labellum 3-lobum : lobis lateralibus brevibus, oblongis, °b- 
tusis, erectis ; medio unguiculato, maximo, piano, subrotundo-rennor- 
mi, emarginato ; crista .... Alae columnae magnae, retrorsum falcate, 
rotundatae, integrae. 

B. Labellum integerrimum. 

38. ? Oncidium emarginatum. Meyer Fl. JSssetjr. 259. 

O. •* foliis lanceolato-linearibus obtusis emarginatis, rloribus terminahbus. 
labello obovato integerrimo, gynostemii alis ovato-subrotundis/'M^y^' 

Hab. in Essequebo, Meyer. 

Caules spithamaei, sulcati. Folia 2-2j-poll. longa, integerrima. Floret 
parvi, purpurei, punctis argenteis notati. Per. foliola 3 ext. oblongo* 
lanceolata, acuminata, inferiora 2 paululum breviora, oblonga, acuta. 


Labellum obovatum, baii attenuatum, integerrimum, planum, supra 
tuberculis rugoeformibus notatum. Gynostemium breve, apice alis 2, 
parvis, patenti-erectis, rotundatis instructum. Meyer I, c. 


Fernandezia. Fl. Peruv. Syst. 239. Lockhartia. Hooker. Bot. Mag. 2715.' 

Ferianthium patens. Sepala libera. Petala conformia, sub sepalo supre- 
mo conniventia. Labellum anticum v. posticum, eealcaratutn, liberum, 
trilobum, disco tuberculatum. Coluinna brevis, utrinque aurita. An- 

thera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, solida, obovata, glandula. cau- 

dicula ...?. . Epiphytae caulescentes. Folia disticha, equitantia, 

imbricata. Racemi pauciflori, terminales v. laterales. Flores parvi lutei. 

This genus, as understood by the authors of the Flora Peruviana, cer- 
tainly comprehended species not only of Pachyphyllum and Dichaea, but 
also of Isochilus. Several of the species here introduced from the 
Systema Floras Peruvianae, are therefore doubtful, and are most likely 
repeated elsewhere ; for this reason I have not numbered them. 

1. Fernandezia elegans. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1214. 

F. foliis obtusis ovatis carinatis, floribus paniculatis, bracteis obtusismem- 
branaceis, labelli hastati lobis lateralibus acutis intermedio oblongo ob- 
tuso, disci tuberculis anticis minimis aggregatis : posticis maximis colo- 

Lockhartia elegans. Hooker, in Bot. Mag. t. 2715. 

Hab. in insula Trinitatis, Ryan in herb. Vahl. (v. s. sp. sine floribus.) 

2. Fernandezia denticulata. Fl. Per. Prodr. p. 240. 

F. " foliis oblongis acuininatis carinatis denticulatis, caule nutante, pe- 

dunculis 3-5-floris." 
Hab. in Pillao supra arbores et saxa. R. et P. 

3. Fernandezia subbiflora. Fl. Per. Prodr. 240. 

F. " foliis ensiformibus carinatis, caulibus virgatis, pedunculis subbifloris." 
Hab. in Muna supra arbores et saxa. R. et P. 

Species omn'mb dubUe ; in Systemate Vegetabilium Florae Peruvianae ad- 
missce, sed verosimiliter sub Pachyphyllo, Dichaea, aliisque iterata. 

Fern, punctata. 

F - " foliis linearibus inaequaliter emarginatis, ramis dichotomis, floribus 

axillaribus, nectarii labio prominentia notato." p. 239. In Munu, 

supra arbores et saxa. 

Fern. laxa. 

F - " foliis lanceolatis acuminatis contortis, caule laxo, nectarii labio utrin- 
que denticulo recurvo." p. 240. Cum praecedente. 

* ern. haematodes. 

R " foliis ovato-lanceolatis margine scabris, caulibus erectis, floribus ter- 
nis, petalis interioribus brcvioribus." p. 241. ——Cum praecedente. 
*pril, 1833. ec 

208 VANDEiE. 

Fern, graminifolia. 

F. " foliis linearibus emarginatis, caule radicante, ramis furcatis, floribus 

e furcatura sessilibus.'' p. 241. In nemoribus Pillao, ad Chacahuassi 


Fern, conferta. 

F. " foliis linearibus integerrimis reflexis, caule radicante, ramis confertis, 
floribus axillaribus solitariis.'' p. 241. Cum prascedentibus. 


Pachyphyllum. Humb. et Kuntk. N. G. et Sp. 1. 339. Fernandezia. Fl. Per. Prodr. 

t. 27. f. 2. 3. 4. 
Perianthium connivens. Sepala et petala libera, aequalia, acuta. Labellum 
liberum, indivisum, sessile, basi unituberculatum, apice bituberculatum. 

Columna petaloidea. Pollinia 2. Herba epiphyta, caulescens, foliis 

distichis, spicis axillaribus recurvis bifariam imbricatis. Flores incon- 

] . Pachyphyllum distichum. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. 1.339. t. 11- 

Sy?iops. 1.328. 
Hab. in arboribus Peruvian, prope Loxam et Gonzanam, alt. 1070 hexap. 

Humb. et Bonpl. 
Flores virides, ex axillis distiche spicati, bracteis bifariis more Palmarum. 


Dichaea, Lindl. in Hooker. Bot. Miscell. ined. Fernandezia. Fl. Per. Prodr. t. 27./ 

Perianthium connivens. Sepala et petala libera, acuta, aequalia. Label- 
lum unguiculatum, nudum, ecalcaratum, deltoideum, cum columna 
articulatum. Columna erecta, teres, aptera. Anthera bilocularis. Pol- 
linia 4, geminata, collateralia (00 00) caudicula cuneata, glandula 

minuta. Epiphytae, caulescentes, repentes. Folia parva, disticba. 

Flores solitarii, axillares, minuti. 

1. Die ilea echinocarpa. 

D. caule pendulo, foliis ovatis acutis, label lo pubescente sagittate capsu- 
la subrotunda echinata. 

Epidendrum echinocarpon. Swartz. Prodr. 124. 
Cjrcnbidium echinocarpon. Swartz.! Fl. Ind. Occ. 1452. 
Limodorum pendulum. Aubl. Guian. t. 322. 

Hab. in Guiana, Aublet j ad latera saxorum arborumque inter muscos, m 
umbrosis montium Jamaica australis, Swartz ; in Mexico, dom. Graham- 
{hab. s. sp.) 

2. Dich^a latifolia. 

D. caule pendulo, foliis oblongis obtusis apiculatis, capsulis longe pe"' un ' 

culatis angustis oblongis echinato-villosis. 
Hab. in insula Si. Vincentii, Guilding. (v. s. sp. in herb. Hooker.) 

D. echinocarpa valde affinis ; foliis latioribus obtusissimis, et fructus super* 
ncie satis diversa. 

VANDE^B. 209 

3. Dichjea muricata. 

D. foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis, labello . . . ,, capsula muricata. 

Cymbidium muricatum. Swartz. t Fl. Ind. Occ. 1454. 

Hab. in truncis muscosis arborum, versus juga montium Jamaica, austra- 
lis, Swartz. (v. s. sp. in herb. Hooker, ex Dom. Bancroft.) 

Mera videtur varietas D. echinocarpa. Folia latiora j flores majores, gib- 
bosiores, glabrae, sec. Swartz. icon. 

Verosimiliter adest etiam in Brasilia. 

4. DiCHiBA trichocarpa. 

D. foliis linearibus subreflexis, labello subrotundo concavo, capsula sub- 
rotunda albo-hirsuta. 

Epidendrum trichocarpon. Swartz. Prodr. 124. 
Cymbidium trichocarpon. Swartz. ! Fl. Ind. Occ. 1455, 

Hab. in truncis muscosis arborum, versus juga montium Jamaica australis, 
Swartz. (v. s. sp. deft, in herb. Vahl.) 

5« Dichjja graminoides. 

D. caulibus erectis, foliis linearibus acutis, petalis sepalisque acutis, label, 
lo cuneato-sagittato, capsula glabra. 

Epidendrum graminoides. Swartz. Prodr. 125. 
Cymbidium graminoides. Swartz. ! Fl. Ind. Occ. 1459. 
Isocliilus graminoides. Hooker. Exot. Fl. t. 196. 

Hab. in arbores regionis temperatse montium Jamaica australioris, Swartz; 
in Guiana, insula Trinitatis et Demerara, Parker, (hab. s. sp. comm. clar. 

Variat longitudine foliorum. 

6. Dich-sa Panamensis. Bot. Misc. ined. 

D. caule erecto, foliis glaucis linearibus acutis rectis, pedunculis capillari- 

bus, labello ovato subsagittato, fructu glabro. 
Hab. in Panama, et Columbia occidental^ Cuming no. 1292. (hab. s. sp.) 

1 . Dich^ea glauca. 

D. caule compresso erectiusculo, foliis lineari-oblongis acutis subtus 

glaucis, capsulis glabris. 

Epid. glaucum. Swartz. Prodr. 124. 

Cymbidium glaucum. Swartz. Fl. Ind. Occ. 1457. 

Hab. in arboribus versus summum jugum montium caeruleorum Jamaica 

australis, Swartz. (v. s. sp. dejl. in herb. Hooker.) 
Maxima generis. Caulis 1-2-pedalis. Flores albidi, parvi. 


Sepala et petala subaequalia, patentia, libera, membranacea. Labellum 
subunguiculatum, indivisum, basi callosum. Columna libera, alato- 

marginata, basi tumida. Anthera.... Herbs pusillae, acaules, 

ebulbes. Folia gracilia, racemis breviora. Flores distichi racemosi. 

210 VANDE.E. 

1. Phymatidium delicatulum. 

P. foliis brevibus lineari-subulatis, bracteis distichis acerosis, petalis 

sepalisque acutis, labello rhomboideo acuto. 
Hab. in insula See. Catharince, Brasilia, Fischer, (hab s. sp.) 

2. Phymatidium falcifolium. 

P. foliis longis subulatis falciformibus, bracteis membranaceis, petalis ob- 

tusissimis, labello suborbiculari basi undulato. 
Hab. in Brasilia, Prescott. (hab. s. sp.) 


Cyrtochilum. Humb. et Kunth. Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1. 335. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala libera, lateralia unguiculata. Petala 
paulb minora. Labellum ecalcaratum, indivisum, ungue tuberculato 
cum basi columnse continuo. Columna brevis, alata. Anthera bilocu- 

laris. Pollinia 2, caudicula filiformi, glandula minuta. Herbaeepi- 

phytae, v. terrestres, pseudobulbosae. Folia coriacea. Scapi radicales, 
p.iniculati. Flores speciosi. 

1. Cyrtochilum undulatum. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. 1.349. t. 84. 
Synops. 1. 335. 

C. " foliolis calycinis ovatis, undulatis, patentibus." 

Hab. locis rupestribus indium Novogranatensium aere temperato utenti- 
bus, prope pagum La Ascension et Paramo de los Papas, alt. 1045 
hexap. Humb. et Bonpl. 

Folia lanceolato-oblonga, 11-13-nervia, subpedalia. Scapus orgyalis, 
apice ramosissimus, paniculatus. Flores fuscescentes, albo flavoque 
maculati. Labellum ovato-lanceolatum, convexum, basi tuberculis 
numerosis cristatum, sepalis triplb brevius, exterius roseum, intenus 
flavum, maculis rubris et albis variegatum. Kunth. 

2. Cyrtochilum flexuosum. Humb et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. PL 1- 35 °' 
Synops. 1.336. 

C. "foliolis calycinis undulatis, reflexis, exterioribus spathulatis, interi- 

oribus obovatis." 
Hab. in radicibus altissimi montis, Paramo de las Achupallas, inter uibem 

Almaguer et pagum La Cruz alt. 1580 hexap. Humb. et Bonpl. 
Pseudobulbi oblongi, 3-pollicares. Folia oblongo-lanceolata, acuminata, 

basi valde angustata, coriacea, 1 l-13-nervia. pedalia et longi" 1 " 3 ' 

2-poll. lata. Scapus plurium pedum altitudine, ramosissimus, ram' s 

triangularibus. Sepala spatulata, undulata; petala obovata breviora. 

Labellum ovatum acutum, convexum, basi tuberculato - cristatum, 

sepalis triplb brevius. Kunth. 

3. Cyrtochilum pardinum. Lindl. in Hooker. Bot. Miscell. ined. 

C. foliis lineari-oblongis basi angustatis striatis, petalis undulatis sepalis- 
que angustioribus lanceolatis, labello unguiculato ovato-lanceolato : 
unguis axi turn columna connato utrinuue lamellate: callis quibuscl«n> 
elevut.s »n;equalibu 8 linearibus uroduclioiibus e medio. 

VANDEiE. 211 

Hab. in Peruvia, in sylva inter Cumbe et Jima ad viam Loxas, cum 
epiphytum turn terrestre ; Novembri florens invenit Jamieson ; etiam ad 
Surucacho. (exatn. s. ip. in herb. Hooker.) 

4. Cyrtochilum ixioides. 

C. foliis membranaceis lineari-lanceolatis striatis, scapo simplici apice ra- 
cemoso, labello oblongo obtuso basi bilamellato medio 5-tuberculato. 

Hab. in regno Novogranatensi' locis humidis Paramo S. Fortunato, Gudot. 
(hab. s. sp.) 

Scapus l£ pedalis. Sepala ovata, unguieulata. Petala conformia sessilia. 
Flores verosimiliter lutei. 


Odontoglossum. Humb. et Kunth. Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1. 351. 

Perianthiuin explanatum, aequale.; sepalis petalisque angustis acuminatis 
liberis. Labellum indivisum, ecalearatum, unguiculatum ; ungue cum 
basi columnae continuo ; lamina patente basi cristata. Columna erecta, 
membranaceo-marginata, apice utrinque alata. Anthera bilocularis. 
Pollinia 2, solida, caudicula lineari, glandula hamata. Herbae epi- 
phytes, pseudobulbiferae. Folia plicata. Scapus terminalis, vaginatus. 
Flores speciosi. Character ex Kunthio. 

1. Odontoglossum epidendroides. Humb. et Kunth. N. G. et Sp. PI. 
1.351. t. 85. 

O. pseudobulbis ovato-oblongis compressis, foliis lanceolatis subcoriaceis, 
scapo erecto multifloro, sepalis petalisque acuminatis undulatis, labello 
unguiculato oblongo obtuso undulato-crenato, basi trituberculato. 

Hab. in regione subcalida Provinciae Bracamorensis, inter flumen Amazo- 
num et urbem Jaen, alt. 240 hexap. Humb. et Bonpl. 

Scapus lj-pedalis. Flores lutei, inodori, maculati. 

2. Odontoglossum cirrhosum. Lindl. in Hooker. Bot. Misc. ined. 

O. sepalis lanceolatis petalisque latioribus undulatis acuminatissiinis ma- 
culatis labello longioribus, labelli lamina cordata acuminatissima, co- 
lumna apice aptera bicirrhosa. 

Hab. in Guayaquil ; in valle Mindo alt. 1O0O hexap. invenit Hall, (exam s. 
sp. in herb. Hooker.) 

Flores verosimiliter flavi, maculis quibusdam magnis, et interveniis la- 
belli, purpureis. 

3- Odontoglossum maculatum. Have Orch. Mex. 2. 35. 

O. " bulbis ovatis subancipitibus monophyllis ; foliis lanceolatis condu- 
plicatis j scapo elongato depresso multifloro ; floribus bicoloribus macu- 
latis j lamina labelli integra cordata acuminata." 

Hab. in Mexico supra arbores in montibus Irapcei, Jesus del Monte prope 
Vallisoletum. Llave. 

Pseudobulbi ancipites, 1-phylli. Scapus simplex. Sepala lanceolata, 
castaneo fusca, carinata, acutissima ; petala majora, lurida, venosa, 
paulo breviora. Labellum basi carnosum, biauriculatum, dentibus 2 
incurvis, lamina cordata, acuminata, maculata. Llave. 



4. Odontoglossum Cervantesii. Llave. Orch. Mex. 2. 34. 

O. " bulbis ovatis ancipitibus confertis ; foliis solitariis lanceolatis, basi 

attenuate bulbo mnatis ; scapo distiche vaginato j floribus longe pedun- 

culatis j gynostemio alato." 

Hab. in montibus Mexici prope Irapaeum j Llave. 

Planta habitu gracillima, odore grato. Pseudobulbi lenticulares, v. an- 
cipites, polhcares, monophylli. Scapus flexuosus. Flores nivei, macu- 
les concentricis versus basin purpurinis aut sanguineis variegati. La- 
bellum ungue biloboluteseente : dentibus duobus instructo j lamina cor- 
data, nervosa, undulata, sublacerata. 

5. Odontoglossum apterum. Llave Orch. Mex. 2. 35. 

O. « bulbis ovatis depressis; foliis lato-lanceolatis nervosis conduplicatis; 

scapo tereti paucifloro ; gynostemio aptero crasso." 
Hab. cum praecedente ; Llave. 
Praecedenti simillimum. Labellum petaloideum, crenatum. 


Brassia, R. Brown, in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 215. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala et petala angusta, libera, sequaliaj his 
nunc minoribus. Labellum planum, indivisum, ecalcaratum, columna 
continuum, basi bi-cristatum. Columna libera, aptera, nana. Anthera 
1-locularis. Pollinia 2, postice sulcata, caudicula brevi, glandula 

crassa. Epiphytae pseudobulbosae. Folia pergamenea. Scapi radica- 

les vaginati. Flores speciosi, spicati. 

1. Brassia maculata. Brown. in.Hort. Kew. 5.215. Bot. Mag. t. 169). 

B. sepalis petalisque linearibus acuminatis aequalibus, labello postico sub- 
rotundo emarginato. 

Hab. in Jamaica, (v. v. c.) 

2. Brassia caudata. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 832. 

B. sepalis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis : lateralibus longissimie, petalia 
acutis minoribus, labello acuminato. 

Helleborine ramosissima, caulibus et floribus maculosis. Plum. Sp. 9. ic. 277. 
Epidendrum caudatum. Linn. Sp. PL 1349. 
Malaxis caudata. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 93. 

Hab. in India occideniali. (w. t>. c.) 


Tetrapeltis. Wall. Mm. Lindl. in Bot. Reg: 1522. 

Perianthium subpatens. Sepala libera, saqualia. Petala angustissiroa, 
aeqmlonga. Labellum liberum, sessile, saccatum, geniculatum, trilo- 
bum, lobis lateralibus abbreviatis, intermedio indiviso. Columna 
erecta, petalorum longitudine, semiteres, clavata ; clinandrio cucullato; 
rostello rostrato recto. Pollinia 4, globosa, postice foveata ; geminatim 

caudiculis duabus angustis glandula communi connexis adhaerentia. 

Herba epiphyta, caulescens. Caules squamis vaginati, curvi. Folia 

VANDEyE. 213 

geminata, lanceolata, plicata. Spica erecta, multiflora, foliis brevior. 
Flores albi. 

1. Tetbapeltis fragrans. Wallich. Ic. ined. 

Hab. verosimiliter in Napalia. (v. ic. in bibl. Angl. Ind.) 

Caulis ascendens, brevis, squamatus, teres, internodio ultimo 3-pollicari, 
angulato, subnudo. Folia bina, brevius petiolata, oblongo-lanceolata, 
6-8 unc. longa, plieata. Racemus terminalis, erectus, 6-unc. long, 
a latere baseos foliorum, basi squamis viridibus vaginatus ; rachi flex- 
uosa. Bracteae deciduae. Flores albi. Sepala uncialia, lineari- lanceo- 
late. Petala linearia. Labelli lobi laterales acutiusculi, intermedins 
ovato-lanceolatus acutus, medio sulcatus. 


Phalaenopsis. Blume Bijdr. 294. tabellen. 44. 

Perianthium explanatum, patens, sepalis liberis, petalis majoribus dilata- 
tis. Labellum cum basi paulb producta columnae connatum, liberum, 
basi callosum, trilobum ; lobis lateralibus aseendentibus petaloideis, in- 
termedio angustiore bicirrhoso. Columna in ovarium recumbens, semi- 
teres ; rostello gladiato. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, subglobosa, 

eaudicula plana spatulata, glandula maxima cordata. Herba epi- 

phyta. Caules radicantes, simplices. Folia rigida, lato-lanceolata, 
apice oblique retusa. Flores paniculati. 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Phalaenopsis amabilis. Blume I. c. 

Epidendrum amabile. Linn . Sp. PL 135 1 . Wittd. Sp. Pl.A.Ub. 
Angraecum album majus. Rumph. Amb. 6. 99. /. 43. 

Hab. in sylvis littoralibus Nusce Kamangce insula^ Blume ; Amboyna, Rum- 

*olia bina, oblonga, coriacea, radicalia, pseudobulbo nullo. Scapus pe- 
dalis et ultra, 3-4-fiorus. Flores magni, albi. Sepala oblonga, obtu- 
sa. Petala suborbiculata, unguiculata. Labellum laciniis lateralibus 
ovatis, obtusis, incurvis, versus basin lutescentibus j basi callo elevato, 
truncato, luteo, sagittato instructum. 


Trichoglottis. Blume Bydr. 359. tabellen 8. 

Perianthium explanatum, patens ; sepalis lateralibus labello suppositis. 
Labellum cum marginibus columnae connatum, saccatum, utroque mar- 
gine cornutum, limbo carnoso indiviso j callo saccum subclaudente. 
Columna erecta, basi unicornis. Anthera 2-locularis. Pollinia 2, glo- 
bosa, biloba, eaudicula unica lineari, glandula parva hamata v. peltata. 

■ Herbas epiphytae, subramosae, radicantes. Folia coriacea aut car- 

nosa. Pedunculi laterales v. oppositifolii., brevissimi, pauci aut 1-flori. 

Character ex Blume. 



§. 1. Labellum utriuque dente acuto inflexo auctum, intus pubescens ; limbus pa- 
tens. Columna apice utrinque dente inslructa. Pollinia inaqualia. 

1. Trichoglottis retusa. Blume I. c. t. 8. 

T. " foliis linearibus retusis rigidis, floribus lateralibus subsolitariis, la- 
belli limbo piloso." 

Hab. in Java, in sylvis montanis Provinciarum Buitenzorg; et Bantam, 

2. Triciioglottis lanceolaria. Blume I. c. 

T. " foliis lineari-lanceolatis coriaceis, pedunculis paucifloris oppositifoliis, 
labclli limbo imberbi." 

Hab. in Java, circa Buitenzorg et in sylvis montis Pantjar, Blume. 

§. 2. Labellum intus imberbe, dentibus lateralibus obtusis ; limbus abbreviate 
subfornieatus. Columna obtusa. Pollinia cequalia, basi sulcata. 

3. Trichogi ottis rigida. Blume I. c. 

T. " foliis lineari-lanceolatis carnosis, floribus oppositifoliis subsolitariis, 

labelli limbo dentibusque lateralibus callosis." 
Hab. in Java, in sylvis altioribus Salak, Blume. 


Telipogon. Humb. et Kunth. Nov. Gen. et Sp. PL 1. 3.36. 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala angusta, acuta. Petala late ovata. La- 
bellum petalis conforme, sed paullb majus. Columna pilosa, teres, 
clinandrio postiefc processu subulato uncinato instructo. Anthera uni- 
locularis, alte bivalvis, processu clinandrio pedicello elongato 'fistuloso 

uncinato affixa. Pollinia 4, caudicula . . . . glandula. Herbs epi- 

phytae. Caules foliosi, pauciflori. Flores terminates, subspicati, pedi- 
cellati, flavescentes. 

Char, ex Kunth. An partes ritfe descriptse 

1. Telipogon angustifolius. Kunth I. c. t. 75. 

T. " foliis lineari-lanceolatis, acuminatis } labello imberbi." 

Tradescantia nervosa. Willd. Sp. PL 2. 18. 

Hab. supra arbores in locis temperatis regni Novogranatensis, juxta Sa. 

Anna Maraquita, alt. 400 hexap. Humb. et Bonpl. 
Flores flavescentes. 

2. Telipogon latifolius. Kunth. I. c. 

T. " foliis lanceolato-oblongis, acutis j labello basi barbato." 

Hab. in regione ferventissima Provinciae Jaen de Bracamoros, inter pago» 

Choros etTomependa, juxta confluentem et Chinch ipes fluminis Aniazo- 

num; Humb. et Bonpl. 

Praecedente omnibus partibus major. 

VANDE^E. 215 


Vanda. R. Brown in Bot. Reg. t. 506. (1820.) Luisia. Gaudkh. Voyage, t. 37. 

Fieldia. Id. 424. 

Perianthium explanatum, patens, petalis sepalisque subaequalibus. La- 
bellum saccatum, v. obconico-calcaratum, cum basi columnar continu- 
um, subtrilobum : lobo medio carnoso. Columna crassa, libera, abbre- 
viata, rostello obtuso. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, oblique biloba, 

caudicula lineari, glandula subrotunda. Herbae epiphytae, caulescen- 

tes. Folia disticha, coriacea. Spicae oppositifoliae. Flores speciosi. 

1. Vanda Roxburghi. R. Brown in Bot. Reg. 506. 

V. foliis apice oblique tridentatis, racemis erectis foliis longioribus, sepa- 
lis petalisque oblongo-obovatis undulatis obtusis, labelli lobo medio 
ovato emarginato. 

Vanda. Sir TV. Jones in As. Res. 4. 302. 

Cyrabidium tesselloides. Roxb. Fl. Ind. Mss. 

Hab. in India orientali, supra arbores praesertim Mangiferas, Roxburgh, 
JVallich. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Wight.) 

2. Vanda furva. 

Angrsecum furvum. Rumph. Amb. 6. t. 46./. 1. 
Epidendrum furvum. Linn. Sp. PL 1348. 
Cymbidium furvum. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 103. 

Hab. in Amboyna, Rumphius. 

This obscure species was originally taken up by Linnaeus, apparently 
from the figure above referred to in Rumphius j for he adopts the name 
of that author, although he also cites the wholly different plant figured 
in Rheede's Hortus Malabaricus, vol. 12. t. 4, which is a representation 
of Saccolabium papillosum. There is nothing in either the figure or 
description of Rumphius' A. furvum, that would not apply well enough 
to Vanda Roxburghi - } but as it is impossible to say to which it belongs, 
without some Amboyna specimen, and as it may be different from either, 
I leave it as a mark to which future botanists may direct their attention. 

3. Vanda longifolia. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7322. 

V. foliis longis loratis apice obliquis obtusissimis, racemis horizon talibus 
foliis triplb brevioribus, sepalis oblongis obtusis (undulatis ?), petalis 
angustioribus, labelli hypochilio concavo pubescente apice rotundato : 
crista carnosa per axin, epichilio subrotundo-ovato obtuso. 

Hab. in Tavoy, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Folia pedalia et ultra. Flores minores, carnosi. 

4. Vanda gigantea. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7326. 

V foliis late loratis apice obtusissimis emarginatis subaequalibus, racemis 
foliis duplb brevioribus, sepalis petalisque oblongo-obovatis obtusis, 
labello incurvo canaliculato basi cordato apice dolabriformi obtuso : callo 
conico in medio. 
Hab. in Moalmyne, Wallich. {hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 
Folia sesquipedalia, 2£ poll, lata, carnosa. Flores magnitudine V. Rox- 

May, 1833. f f 

216 vandEyE. 

b. Vanda spatulata. Spreng. Syst. 3.719. 

V. foliis ovato-oblongis obtusis oblique emarginatis, racemis erectis mul- 
tifloris foliis et caule multb longioribus, sepalis petalisque oblongis ob- 
tusis planis, labelli hypochilio antice bicalloso epichilio rhomboiileo apice 
incurvo medio cristato, ovario hexaptero. 

Ponnampou niaravara. Rkeede 12. t. 3. 
Epidendrum spatulatum. Linn- Sp. PI. 1348. 
Limodorum spatulatum. Willd- Sp.A. 125. 
Aerides maculatum. Smith ! in Rees suppl. 

Hab. in Mysore, Buchanan, Wight, {hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Wight.) 
Species pulcherrima. Folia et racemi guttulis sanguineis notati. Flores 
aurei, immaculati ; hypochilio intils albo. 

6. Vanda peduncularis. 

V. foliis loratis apice alte et oblique bilobis, pedunculo longissimo filifor- 

mi subramoso apice paucifloro corymboso, sepalis oblongis obtusis, pet- 

alis duplb minoribus, labello oblongo retuso villoso basi bilamellato. 
Hab. in Zeylona, supra arbores, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et ic. pict.) 
Pedunculus sesquipedalis, purpureus. Flores magnitudine et facie Ophry- 

dis apiferae. Sepala et petala pallide viridia, purpureo striata. Label- 

lum purpureum, viridi marginatum. 

7. Vanda multiflora. Lindl. Collect. Bot. t. 38. 

V. foliis loratis apice obliquis emarginatis, pedunculis subramosis erectis 
subcorymbosis foliis brevioribus, sepalis petalisque oblongis obtusis 
maculatis subaequalibus, labello ecristato : lobo medio ovato acutius- 

Aerides rigidunu Smith ! in Rees Suppl. 

Hab. in China ; in Napalia, Hamilton, Wallich. (v. ic. pict. et v. c.J 

Flores inter minores, lutei, sanguineo punctati. 

8. Vanda lissochiloides. 

V. foliis ensiformibus emarginatis racemo multifloro terminali brevioribus, 
sepalis petalisque oblongis obtusis, labello oblongo canaliculato apic e 

Fieldia lissochiloides. GauJich. Voy. 424. t. 36. 

Hab. in insulis Moluccis, Gaudbhaud. 

Epiphyta, rhizomate repenti articulato. Folia longa, ensiformia, coriacea, 
emarginata, 12-15 unc.ias longa. Scapus terminalis, simplex, 1-3-peda- 
lis. Spica multiflora. Flores speciosi, lutei, purpureo maculati. Brac- 
teee breves, ovatae, rigidae. Sepala et petala aequalia, oblonga, obtus«- 
Labellum oblongum, apice uncinatum, canaliculatum, basi saccatum e 
utrinque lobis duobus parvis ascendentibus instructum. Caudicula cu- 
neata. Glandula maxima, hamata. 

9. Vanda cristata. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7328. 

V. foliis canaliculars recurvis apice truncatis oblique excisis tridentatis, 
racemo erecto trifloro foliis breviore, sepalis oblongis obtusis fornicatA 
petalis angustioribus, labelli lobis lateralibus brevibus acutis interniedio 
vittato oblongo convexo apice saccato ineequaliter tricorni. 

Aerides cristatum. Wallich. Ic. hied. 

VANDE2E. 217 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Flores albi, viridi tincti. Labellum album, villis maculisque atropur- 

10. Vanda teres. Lindl. in Wall, Cat. no. 7324. 

V. foliis teretibus, racemis ascendentibus sub-bifloris foliis sequalibus, se- 
palis oblongis obtusis : supremo erecto lateralibus semitortis labello 
suppositis, petalis majoribus suborbiculatis undulatis, labello basi conico : 
laciniis lateralibus ascendentibus subtruncatis intermedia pubescente 
apice dilatata truncata emarginata\ 

Dendrobium teres. Wallich Mss. 

Hab. in Sylhet, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Flores omnium maximi, A\ uncias ab apice unius petali ad apicem alterius. 


Arachnis. Blume Bijdr. 365. tabellen 26. Aerides. Blume Bijdr. 366. tab. 24. 
Renanthera. Loureir. Fl. Coch. 521. 

Perianthium explanatum, patens. Sepala et petala linearia, subsequalia, v. 
lateralibus majoribus. Labellum liberum, nanum, cum columna elastice 
articulatum, trilobum, medio saccatum ; lobo medio carnoso. Columna 
aptera, abbreviata, erecta. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, biloba, 

caudicuia unicH, glandule subtriangulari peltate. Herba epiphyta, 

caulescens. Caulis radicans, ramosus, altissime scandens. Folia cori- 
acea. Flores paniculati, speciosi. 

1. Renanthera coccinea. Lour. Fl. Coch. 2.637. Bot. Reg. t. 1131. Bot. 

Mag. t. 2997. 

lv. caule disticho folioso, foliis apice obliquis emarginatis, paniculis latera- 
libus multifloris, sepalis lateralibus unguiculatis undulatis lanceolatis 
obtusis superiore petalisque lineari-spatulatis longioribus, labelli lobis 
lateralibus truncatis : intermedio linguiformi reflexo. 

Hung too han. Ic. Sin. in Bibl. Soc. Hort. no. 45. 

"ab. in Cochinchina, supra arbores, Loureiro ; nunc in hortis Chinensium 

vulgata, (v. v. c.) 
Flores sanguinei. 

2. Renanthera arachnites. 

R. caule altissime scandente, foliis lanceolatis, sepalis petalisque arcuatis 
aequalibus linearibus apice latioribus, labelli hirsuti lobis ovatis sub- 
aequalibus : intermedio intus cristato apice bidentato. 

Angurek Katong-ging. Kampf. Anuen. 868. c. ic. 

tpidendrum flos aeris. Linn. Sp. PL 1348. 

Limodorum flos aeris. Swart z. Nov. Act. Ups. 1740. p.37. 

Aerides arachnites. Swart z in Schrad. Journ. 1799. p. 233. Willd. Sp. PL 4. 131. 

Arachnis moschifera. Blume Bijdr. 365. t. 26. 

Hab. in Japonia, Kaempfer ; inde in hortis Java adducta, Blume. 

3. Renanthera Sulingi. 

R. " caulibus subramosis, foliis linearibus retusis, spicis simplicibus pauci- 
floris, sepalis subaequalibus obtusiusculis, limbo ovato incrassato tuber- 
culis lineato." 

218 VANDEiE- 

Aerides Sulingii. Blume I. c. 

Hab. in Java, in rupibus ad montem Suling, provincial Buitenzorg, Blume 

Flores sordide purpurascentes. 

4. Renanthera elongata. 

R. ** caule ramoso, foliis lato-linearibus oblique emarginatis, paniculis 
elongatis nutantibus, sepalis exterioribus lateralibus internis latioribus 
spatulatis, labelli limbo ovato basi bicalloso." 

Aerides elongatum. Blume I. c. 

Hab. in Java, in rupibus calcareis prope Kuripan, Blume. 

Flores punicei. 

5. Renanthera matutina. 

R. " caule ramoso, foliis linearibus oblique retusis, pedunculis paniculatis 
nutantibus, sepalis lateralibus exterioribus connexis ; labelli limbo ovato 

Aerides matutinum. Blume I. c. t. 24. 

Hab. in Java, in arboribus ad radicem montis Salak ; Blume. 

Flores coccinei, pulchelli. 


Diplocentrum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1522. 

Periantbium subclausum, liberum. Sepalum supremum lateralibus paullo 
obliquis multb minus. Petala sepalo supremo paululum majora. La- 
bellum cum columna articulatum, indivisum, bicalcaratum. Columns 
minuta, semiteres, rostello obtuso. Pollinia 2 ? caudicula subulata, 

glandula maxima concava. Epiphyta, caulescens. Folia complicate, 

carnosa, recurva. Racemi paniculati, recurvi. Flores minuti. Calcana 
brevia, obconica, incurva. 

1. Diplocentrum recurvum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7331. 
Hab. in India Orientali, Heyne (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. bid.) 


Microsaccus. Blume Bijdr. 367. 

Sepala linearia, lateralia labello adnata. Petala conformia. Labellum 
columns antice adnatum, basi saccatum ; limbo abbreviato fornicate 
Columna nana, aptera, obtusa. Anthera semibilocularis. Pollinia 4, 

obovata, basi foveata, caudicula unica. Herba epipbyta, pusdja. 

Caules simplices, compressi. Folia scalpelliformia, equitantia, rigi^ 3 ' 
Pedunculi intrafoliacei, pauciflori. 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Microsaccus Javensis. Blume I. c. 

Hab. in Java, in sylvis montis Salak supra arbores, Blume. 

VANDEiE. 219 


Perianthium explanatum. Sepala lateralia invicem et cum dorso labelli 
connata, apice libera. Petala paulultlm minora, libera. Labellum obo- 
vatum, canaliculatum, apice monocameratum, appendiculatum. Columna 
erecta, teres, libera, longissime sigmoideo-rostrata : anthera dorsali, 
apiculata, semibiloculari. Pollinia 2 ; caudicula longissima, subulata ; 

rostello forficato. Caulescens. Folia disticha, coriacea. Racemi 

axillares, multiflori. 

1 Camarotis purpurea. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7329. 

Hal), in Sylhel, Wallich {hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Jnd. et v. ic. pict.) 

Folia emarginata, oblongo - linearia, apice subaequalia. Flores pallide 
purpurei, labello apice intensiore. Labellum apice sub appendiculo 
subulato inflexo foramine instructum, quod os est camerae calceiformis, 
totum apicem labelli constituents; latera labelli paululum agglutinantur, 
sed margines patuli. 


Chiloschista. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1522. 

Perianthium subpatens. Petala sepalis majora, cum sepalis lateralibus basi 
longe productae columnar adnata. Labellum cum ungue columnar arti- 
culatum, bipartitum, medio cristatum. Columna minima, erecta, semi- 

teres. Pollinia 2, caudicula brevi, subulata, glandula minuta. Herba 

humilis, epiphyta, hirsuta, aphylla ; radicibus complanatis viridibus 
(quasi foliaceis !). Spicse erectae. Plores albi, odorati. 

1. Chiloschista usneoides. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7330. 
Epidendrum usneoides. Don. Prodr. Nep. 37. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 
Racemi 5 uncias longi ; ovariis pubescentibus. 


Micropera. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1522. 

Perianthium aequale, patens, sepalis lateralibus basi labelli adnatis. La- 
bellum cum basi columnas continuum, calceiforme, leviter trilobum, lobo 
intermedio minimo, lateralibus majoribus erectis. Columna brevis, ros- 
tello maximo inflexo. Pollinia 2, caudicula subulata.- Epiphyta, 

caulescens. Folia disticha, linearia, arcuata, apice aequalia, emarginata. 
Spicae laterales, horizontales, foliis breviores. Flores citrini. 

1. Micropera pallida. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7321. 

Hab. in Sylhet, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic.pict.) 

Caulescens. Folia late linearia, apice obliqua, subtridentata. Racemi 

breves, 8-15-flori. Flores pallide flavi, mediocres. Capsular angustss, 

teretes, 2 uncias longae. 




Saccolabium. Blume By dr. 292. tabellen 50. Gastrochilus. Don. Prodr. Nep.32. 

Robiquetia. Gaudich. Voyage, 426. Gussonea. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. 76. 

Rhyncostylis. Blume I. c. 285. t. 49. 

Perianthium explanatum, patens. Sepala petalis aequalia, lateralia sajpius 
majora. Labellum indivisum, calcaratum, basi columnar accretum. Co- 
lumna erecta, semiteres, rostello subulato. Anthera semibilocularis. 

Pollinia 2, subglobosa, caudicula elongata, glandula minuta. Herbs 

epiphytae, caulescentes. Folia disticha, coriacea, apice sajpius obliqua. 
Flores axillares, racemosi v. solitarii. 

§ I. Labelli calcar perianthio patenti cequale, v. brevius ; apice sapim in 
laminam petaloideam productum. 

1. Saccolabium pusillum. Blume Bij dr. 292. t. 50. 

S. pusillum caulescens, foliis linearibus rigidis distichis, floribus axillaribus 
subpedicellatis solitariis. 

Hab. in Java, in sylvis altis montis Cede, Blume. 

2. Saccolabium micranthum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7300. 

S. foliis oblongo-loratis apice obliquis obtusis alte bilobis, racemis cernuis 
densifloris foliis brevioribus, sepalis subrotundo-ovatis, petalis linearibus 
obtusis, labelli calcare subrotundo : lamina obovata obtusa v. acuta basi 
callo reflexo instructa. 

Hab. in Napalia, et Sylhet, Wallich {hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. 
Species parva, pulchella. Folia 2-3 poll, longa. Flores parvi. Sepala et 
petala violacea : labellum intense roseum. 

3. Saccolabium densiflorum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7311. 

S. foliis lorato-oblongis apice obliquis obtusis emarginatis, racemis densis 
cylindraceis foliis sequalibus v. brevioribus, floribus extils scabris, sepalo 
supremo fornicato, labello infundibulari : apice calcaris ventricoso quater 
gibboso : lamina acuminata. 

Aerides densiflorum. Wall. Ic. 

Hab. in Sylhet et Penang, supra arbores et saxa, Wallich (hab. s. sp. e Mus. 
Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 

Folia circiter 6 uncias longa, 1 lata, atro-viridia. Sepala et petala intiis 
roseo-lateritia, medio alba, extus fusca. Labellum lutescens, anticfe 

4. Saccolabium guttatum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7308. 

5. foliis longis canaliculars inaequaliter truncatis arcuatis/ racemis cylin- 
draceis densifloris arcuatis sequalibus, sepalis ovatis, petalis dupl6 an- 
gustioribus, labelli calcare compresso truncato-conico intiis pubescente : 
lamina lanceolata inflexa dorso subcostata, capsulis oblongis hexagonis- 

Ansjeli-mararara. Rheede 12. /. 1. 

Epidendrum retusum. Linn. Sp. PI. 1351. 

Limodornm returom. Swart z. Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 80. 

Aerides retusum. Swartz. in Schrad. Diar. 1799. p. 233. Willd Sv PI 4 130. 

Aerides guttatum. Roxb. Mss. P ' 

? Rhyncostylis retusa. Blume Bijdr.p. 286 

Sarcanthus guttatus. Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1. 1443. 

VANDEiE. 221 

Hab. in India Orientali, Malabaria, Rheede ; Java, Blume ; Sylhet, Chitta- 
gong, et Napalia, Wallich (hab, s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. v. c.) 

Species pulchrior omnibus. Folia pedalia. Flores albi roseo-violaceo 
guttati 5 lamina labelli unicolore. 

5. Saccolabium spicatum. 

5. " foliis lineari-lingulatis recurvis apice truncatis cum mucronulo, spicis 
basilaribus elongatis multifloris, labello indiviso ovali margine undulato 
demum inferne cornuto, foliolis perianthii subrotiindo-ovalibus : anticis 
maximis akeformibus, calcare saccato descendente." Don. 

Epidendrum Hippium. Hamilt. Mss. 
Aerides spicatum. Don. Prodr. Nep. 31. 

Hab. in Napalia, Hamilton. 

6. Saccolabium prsemorsum. 

S. foliis radicalibus linearibus canaliculars apice praemorsis cuspidatis, ra- 
cemis longissimis, labelli calcare infundibulari obtuso recurvo : lamina 
ovata acuta. 

Biti-marum-maravara. Rheede 12. t. 2. 
Aerides praemorsum. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 130. 
Khyncostylis praimorsa. Blume Bijdr. p. 286. 

Hab. in insulis et continente India Orientalis, Rheede, Blume. 

7. Saccolabium ringens. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7313. 

8. foliis f racemo subramoso stricto crassiusculo multifloro, peri- 

anthio ringente, sepalis ovatis acutis, petalis paulb minoribus, labelli 
calcare infundibulari obtuso incurvo : lamina triloba basi callos& : lobis 
lateralibus nanis rotundatis intermedio ovato acuto. 

Hab. in India Orientali prope Madras, Wight (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Wight.) 

Flores magnitudine S. guttati. 

8. Saccolabium giganteum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7306. 

*• foliis latis loratis carnosis apice uncinato-bilobis obliquis, racemis cylin- 
draceis multifloris, sepalis oblongis obtusis, petalis angustioribus obo- 
vatis, labelli calcare conico lamina breviore obovata carnosa apice 
3-loba : lobis rotundatis intermedio inflexo minore. 

Hab. in India Orientali, prope Prome, Wallich (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Flores magnitudine S. guttati. 

9- Saccolabium Wightianum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7303. 
• loins canaliculars angustis obtusis carnosis apice subaequalibus, racemis 
erectis ramosis foliis longioribus, sepalis petalisque ovatis obtusis, labelli 
calcare cylindraceo obtuso arcuato : lamina lanceolata basi callo bilobo 
carnoso instrucla : lobis lateralibus rotundatis, capsulis tripteris et tri- 

S. lineare. Lindl. I. c. no. 7312. 

«ab. in India Orientali, Heyne, Wight (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et comm. 
amic. Wight.) 

^xemplaria Heyneana florifera manca et nimis sub exsiccatione compressa 
haud veram partium structuram docent ; Wightiana fructifera floribus 
parent nisi vestigiis quibusdam corrugatis in apicem capsularum. Olim 

222 VANDEiE. 

diversas species putavi, nunc autem, re melius perpensa, conjungo. 

Racemi 6-8 poll, longi. Flores magnitudine S. guttati. 

JO. Saccolabium curvifolium. 

S. foliis linearibus canaliculars arcuatis apice oblique praemorsis, racemis 
erectis densis multifloris, sepalis ovatis : lateralibus majoribus, petalis 
obovatis, labelli calcare cylindraceo obtuso lamina lineari truncata. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich ; Zeylona, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict. in Bibl. 

Mus. Angl. Ind.) 
Folia angusta 8-9 unc. longa. Racemi breviores, 2f una longi. Flores 


11. Saccolabium rub rum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7310. 

S. foliis canaliculars arcuatis apice bidentatis, racemis erectis multifloris, 
sepalis petalisque ovatis, labelli calcare cylindraceo obtuso incurvo la- 
mina ovali acuminata apice subcarnosa basi bicorniculata. 

Saccolabium ampullaceum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7307 vix distinguendum. 

Hab. in Napalia, Moalmyne, ad ripas fluminis Attran, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. 
e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 

Species pulcherrima S. curvifolio simillima, sed structura labelli certe 
diversaj color fere idem sed paulb magis roseus ; an merse varietates. 

12. Saccolabium papillosum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1552. 

S. foliis ligulatis apice obliquis cuspidatis, racemis brevissimis capitatis, 
sepalis carnosis lineari- ovatis obtusis, labelli calcare obconico obtuso 
intus villoso lamina ovata carnosa papillosa recurva. 

Thalia maravara. Rheede 12. t. 4. 

Cymbidium praemorsum. Swartz. Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 75. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 103. 

Epidendrum praemorsum. Roxb. Corom. 1.34. t. 43. 

Aerides undulatum. Smith, in Rees. suppl. 

Hab. in Malabaria, Rheede j juxta Prome, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. 

Ind. et v. v. c.) 
Caulis arcuatus, subpedalis, distiche foliosus, radices tortuosas proniens. 

Folia atroviridia, 4-6 poll, longa. Racemi parvi, foliis triplb breviores. 

Flores albi, luteo purpureoque picti. 

13. Saccolabium dasypogon. 

S. acaule, foliis ovato-oblongis acutis apice oblique bidentatis, coryui bis 
subumbellatis densifloris foliis aequalibus, sepalis petalisque lineari ob- 
longis incurvis, labelli lamina dilatata subcordata denticulata. 

Epidendrum umbellatum. Hamilt. Mss. 
Aerides dasypogon. Smith, in Rees. suppl. 

Hab. in Napalia, Hamilton, (v. ic. pict. penes Dom. Bauer.) 

Sepala et petala extus viridia, intus sanguinea, Labellum album, punctis 

luteis sanguineisque maculatum. 

14. Saccolabium undulatum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. wo. 7301. 

S. acaule, foliis anguste loratis undulatis acuminatis apice obliquis p b ^ USI ^ 
racemis brevibus multifloris, sepalis ovato-oblongis acutis, petalis dup 
angustioribus, labelli calcare oblongo apice subinflato : lamina oblong* 
obtusa levissime triloba. 

Hab. in Sylhet, Wallich. {hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Flores parvi. 

VANDE.E. 223 

15. Saccolabium acutifolium. 

S. foliis oblongo-loratis carnosis acutis apice integerrimis, corymbis multi- 
floris, sepalis petalisque obovato-oblongis acutiusculis, labelli calcare 
brevi ventricoso : lamina dilatata triloba denticulata : lobis lateralibus 
intermedio majoribus. 

Aerides umbellatum. Wallich. Ic. 1 137. 

Hab. in India Orientali, Wallich. (v. ic. pict. in bibl. Angl. Ind.) 

Folia ex icone rigida, disticha, 6-8 p. longa. Flores lutei, unicolores j 
labello albo, medio rubescente. 

16. Saccolabium calceolare. lAndl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7302. 

S. subacaule, foliis loratis acuminatis apice oblique bidentatis, corymbis 
multifloris breviter pedunculatis, sepalis petalisque obovato-oblongis 
obtusis, labelli calcare inflato orbiculato : lamina lunata rotundata\ ciliata. 

Gastrochilus calceolaris. Don. Prodr. Nep. 32. 

Aerides calceolare. Smith, in Jtees. suppl. 

Hab. in Napalia et Sylhet, Wallich. {hab. s.sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. etv. ic.pict.) 

Folia 9 p. longa, basi maculata. Sepala et petala flava, maculis subro- 
tundis purpureis notata. Labellum album j lamina basi luteo et coccineo 

17. ? Saccolabium clavatum. 

S. " caulescens, pendulum, foliis lineari-clavatis apice bidentatis, spicis 
oppositifoliis, labello inflato barbate* ' W. 

Epidendrum clavatum. Retz. Obs. 6. p. 50. 
Limodorum clavatum. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 126. 

Hab. in arboribus Indies Orien talis. 

18. Saccolabium obliquum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7304. 

S. acaule, foliis late loratis apice obtusis bilobis valde obliquis, corymbis 
brevibus axillaribus multifloris breviter pedunculatis, sepalis petalisque 
lineari-obovatis obtusis, labelli calcare inflato orbiculato : lamina del- 
toidea fimbriate. 

Hab. in India Orientali, supra montem Toong Dong, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e 

Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 
Folia glauco-viridia, undulata, 6-10 poll, longa, fere 2 poll. lata. Flores 

lutei, labello albo ; maculae qua?dam minuta? rosea? adsunt ad basin pe- 

rianthii et marginem labelli. 

19. Saccolabium ascendens. 

S. caule ramoso repente, foliis coriaceis planis basi vaginantibus, racemis 
lateralibus elongatis, sepalis petalisque conniventibus suba-qualibus, la- 
belli calcare clavato : lamina triloba parva : laciniis lateralibus inflexis. 

Robiquetia ascendens. Gaudich. Voy. 426. t. 34. 

Hab. in insulis Moluccis ad arborum truncos, Gaudichaud. 

20. Saccolabium aphyllum. 

S. aphyllum, caulibus tortuosis squamosis scandens, radicibus longissimis 
tortuosis, racemis brevibus erectis multifloris, sepalis petalisque ovalibus, 
labelli calcare infundibulari apice inflato obtuso : lamina ovata acuta. 
May, 1833. og 



Angraecum aphyllum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 73. 
Gussonea aphylla. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. p. 76. Ml. 

Hab. in insulis Mauritio, Borbonia, et Madagascaria, Thouars. 

Flores minuti, rubescentes. 

21. Saccolabium striatum. 

S. foliis loratis apice oblique bilobis, racemis erectis rarifloris foliis brevio- 
ribus, sepalis petalisque ovatis acutis, labelli calcare conico obtuso in 
lamina ovata acuta producto. 

Angraecum striatum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 72. 

Hab. in Borbonia, Thouars. 

Flores mediocres, albi. 

22. Saccolabium coriaceum. 

S. " foliis caulinis ovatis acuminatis subcoriaceis linearis, spicis pani- 
culatis." Sw. 

Aerides coriaceum. Swart z. in Schrad. Diar. Bot. 1799. 234. mild. Sp. PI. 4. 131. 
Hab. in Madagascar, Swartz. 

23. Saccolabium ramosum. 

S. foliis angustis planis arcuatis apice oblique praemorsis erosis, racemis 
ramosissimis erectis foliis longioribus : ramis divaricatis, sepalis obovato- 
oblongis obtusis, petalis obovatis angustioribus, labelli calcare conico 
subarcuato obtuso margine dentato : lamina oblonga rotundata lobis 2 
lateralibus obsoletis. 

Aerides ramosum. Wall. Ic. no. 654. 

Hab. supra arbores Delta Gangeticce, Wallich. (v.ic. pict. in bibl. Angl. Ind.) 

Folia 6 uncias longa, semunc. lata. Flores parvi ; petala et sepala pallide 
lateritia margine lutescentia ; labellum album roseo tinctum. 

24. Saccolabium racemiferum. 

S. foliis loratis planis apice oblique emarginatis obtusis, racemis raniosis 
foliis brevioribus, sepalis ovatis, petalis linearibus, labelli calcare conico 
obtuso compressiusculo : margine anteriore loco laminae acuto denticulo 
subulato utrinque instructo. 

Aerides racemiferum. Wallich. Ic. no. 655. 

Hab. in India Orientali, Wallich. (v. ic. pict. in bibl. Angl. Ind.) 

Folia pedalia et ultra. Flores parvi. Perianthium intus fusco-rubrum, 
laciniis per axin et margine lutescentibus. Labellum albiduro, vero- 
simihter carnosum. S. densifloro affine. 

25. Saccolabium niveum. 

S. foliis distichis lineari-loratis rectis apice obtusis emarginatis subaaqua- 
bbus, pedunculis ancipitibus ramosis foliis multb longioribus, floribus 
spicatis, sepalis conniventibus dorsali lateralibus dupl5 minore, labelli 
calcare cylindraceo obtuso laminae spatulatae carnosae aequali. 

Hab. in Zeylona, supra saxa in collibus altis ad Peradeniam, Macrae, (hab. 
s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

Folia 2J p. longa, 3 1. lata, exsiccatione rccurva. Spicae ramosae, 6-8 p- 
longae. F lores minuti, albi, basi vireseentes. Petala sepalo dorsah 
majora, lateralibus minora. 

VANDE.E. 225 

26. Saccolabium reflexum. Wall. Cat. no. 7309. 

S. foliis brevibus anguste oblongis apice bilobis, racemis erectis ramosis 
multifloris, sepalo supremo petalisque reflexis linearibus undulatis : la- 
teralibus conformibus dupld longioribus et latioribus, labelli calcare 
scrotiformi ventricoso lobis lateralibus rotundatis marginato lamina 
ovata acuta. 

Hab. in Sincapore, TVallich. {hob. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Caulis facie omnin5 Epidendri elongati. Racemi pedales, lignosi, Flores 
minuti, Lipareos cujusdam facie. 

§11. Ceratidium. Labelli calcar perianlhio clauso triplb longius; lamind 
obsoletd. An genus distinctum ? An Taeniophyllo melius referendum ? 

27. Saccolabium brevifolium. 

b. foliis lineari-oblongis brevibus obtusis apice subaequalibus emarginatis, 
racemis horizontalibus foliorum longitudine, sepalis petalisque conni- 
ventibus, labelli calcare recto sub-cylindraceo apice conico obtuso sepalis 
triplb longiore ; lamina minima acuta. 

Hab. in Zeylona, supra arbores ad Maturatam, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et v. ic. 

rolia sesquipoliicaria, 4 lineas lata. Flores parvi sanguinei j iabello basi 

28. Saccolabium roseum. 

o. foliis linearibus apice obliquis obtusis emarginatis, racemis paucifloris 
foliis brevioribus, sepalis petalisque insequalibus conniventibus acutis, 
labelli postici calcare longissimo obtuso cylindraceo incurvo : lamina 
minima acuta. 

Hab. in Zeylona, supra arbores in sylvis submontanis, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. 
et v. k. pict.) 

Pusilla, caulescens. Folia 2 p. longa, 2 lineas lata. Flores parvi, rosei. 
Sepala sequalia, libera ; petala duplb latiora. Labellum sepalis fere ter 
longius, in calcare botuliformi obtuso subincurvo productum ; margine 
faucis leviter inflexo ; lamina nulla nisi dente parvo. Caudicula longa 

29. Saccolabium gracile. 

S. foliis ensiformibus apice valde obliquis subfalcatis, racemis strictis 
gracilibus multifloris foliis aequalibus, sepalis petalisque ovatis acutis 
aequalibus reflexis, labelli calcare conico sepalis dupld longiore : lamina 
minima acuta. 

Hab. in Zeylona, supra arbores in sylvis submontanis, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. 
et v. ic. pict.) 

Species parva, gracilis, verosimiliter ab arboribus dependens. Folia 5 p. 
longa, 3 lin. lata. Flores parvi, nivei. 


Taeniophyllum. Blume Bijdr. 355. tabellen 70. 
Periantlmim connivens. Sepala basi connata ; lateralibus Iabello adnatis. 
Labelium calcaratum, basi columnae accretum ; limbo integro j calcare 

226 VANDE/E. 

inappendiculato. Columna nana, erecta, rostello ovato. Anthera semi- 

bivalvis. Ppllinia 4,caudicula capillari, glandula ininutissiina. Herbae 

pusillae, epiphytae, acaules. Folia fasciculata, linearia, plana, faseiolata. 
Flores spicati, bracteolati, minutissimi. 
Character ex Blume. 

1. T^niophyllum glandulosum. Blume I. c. 

T. " spica elongata retroflexa glandulis adspersa laxiflora, labelli limbo 

acuminato intus ad apicera denticulo instructo." 
Hab. in Javu, sylvis altioribus montium Gede et Pangurangu, Blume. 

2. TiBNioPHYLLUM hirtum. Blume I. c. 

T. " spica elongata leviter flexuosa laxiflora hirta, labelli limbo acuminato 

intiis edentulo, rostello antice valde producto." 
Hab. in Java, in arboribus ad montem Gegar Bentang, Blume. 

3. T\eniophyllum acuminatissimum. Blume I. c. 

T. " spica abbreviate retroflexa glabra pauciflora, bracteis approximatis, 

sepalis et labello acuminatissimis margine inflexis." 
Hab. in Java, montosis Pantjar provinciae Buitenzorg, Blume. 

4. Tjeniophyllum obtusum. Blume I. c. 

T. " spicis abbreviatis strictis scabris, brjicteis bifariam imbricatis, labelli 

limbo obtuse" >» 

Hab. in Java, ad montem Burangrang provinciae Krawang, Blume. 


Cleisostoma. Blume Bijdr. 362. tabellen 27. 

Sepala et petala patentia, linearia, subaequalia, anterioribus labello sup- 
positis. Labellum calcaratum, cum basi columnae accretum ; calcare 
dente clauso ; limbo tridentato. Columna erecta, semiteres. Anthera 
semibilocularis. Pollinia 2, biloba, subglobosa, caudicula filiformi, 

glandula minuta hamata. Herbae epiphytae, caulescentes. Caules 

radicantes. Folia disticha, rigida, subcarnosa. Spicae oppositifol>#» 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Cleisostoma suaveolens. Blume I. c. 

C. " foliis lato-linearibus oblique retusis, labelli limbo fornicato cum m«- 
crone fimbriato." 

Hab. in Java, sylvis Nusae Kambangae insulae, Blume. 

2. Cleisostoma subulata. Blume I. c. 

C " foliis lineari-lanceolatis apice contracto-subulatis, labelli limbo ovato 

acuto margine utrinque tumido." 
Hab. in Java, prope Tjilele in montanis Parang provinciae Tjanjor, Blume- 

3. Cleisostoma sagittata. Blume I. c. t. 27. 

C. " foliis linearibus retusis, labelli limbo recto sagittato." 
Hab. in Java, in montanis Pantjar, provinciae Buitenzorg, Blume. 
Variat, floribus minoribus, foliis angustioribus. 

VANDEjE. 227 

4. Cleisostoma spatulata. Blume I. c. 

C. " foliia lato-linearibus oblique retusis, spicis simplicibus, labelli dentibus 
lateralibus abbreviatis obtusis, limbo spatulato." 

Hab. in Java, in montanis Pantjar provincial Buitenzorg, Blume. 

5. Cleisostoma callosa. Blume I. c. 

C. " foliis linearibus oblique retusis, spicis simplicibus, labelli dentibus 

lateralibus rotundatis interne callosis, limbo ovato brevissimo." 
Hab. in Java, in montanis Pantjar, provincial Buitenzorg, Blume. 

6. Cleisostoma maculosa. 

C. caulescens, foliis loratis distichis apice bilobis obliquis obtusis, spicis 
erectis subramosis, sepalis petalisque obovato-oblongis patentibus aequa- 
libus, labelli calcare poculiformi : dente dorsali ovato, lainind brevissima 

Hab. in Zeylona, supra arbores, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 
Folia 6-8 p. longa, plana, carnosa. Flores minores, extils rosei, intus 
lutei maculis fuscis confluentibus maculosi. Labellum album. 

7. Cleisostoma acaulis. 

C. acaulis, foliis loratis apice oblique et acute bilobis, corymbis brevipe- 
dunculatis paucifloris, sepalis petalisque subrotundo-oblongis carnosis- 
simis, labello saccato cymbiformi acuto carnosissimo. 

Hab. in Zeylona, supra arbores in locis montosis, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et v. ic. 
pict.) 4 

Folia 3-4 p. longa. Flores parvi. Sepala et petala lutescentia apice 
virescentia, maculis parvis sanguineis notata. Labellum album medio 
flavum, cum basi columnar continuum, basi intus dente valido solitario 

* 8. Limodobum complanatum (caulescens simplex pendulum, foliis retusis 
convexis sub tils carinatis, spica oppositifolia compressa, labello retuso). 
mild. S P . PL 4. 126. 

Epidendrum complanatum. Retz. Obs. 6. 50. 

Hab. in arboribus India Orientalis. 


Appendicula. Blume Bijdr. 297. tabellen 40. 

Perianthium clausum. Sepala basi subconnataj lateralibus ungui longe 
producto columns oblique adnatis, calcar obtusum aemulantibus ; dor- 
sali subfornicato. Petala minora. Labellum liberum, concavum, indi- 
visum, basi appendiculatum, v. margine elevato cinctum, ungui columnar 
longfe producto atfixum. Columna nana. Anthera dorsalis, 2-locularis : 
loculis sub-4-locellatis. Pollinia 8, nunc abortu pauciora, clavata, basi 

attenuata, glandula longa, caudicula vera nulla. Epiphytse, simplici- 

caules, v. ramosa?, teretiuscula?, rarius foliosae. Folia disticha, plerum- 
que membranacea. Pedunculi spicato-multiflori, rarius solitarii. 

Character ex Blume. 

228 VANDEiE. 

§ I. Flores in spicis elongatis. Labellum sepalis laferalibus rarb connatum, 


1. Appendicula pendula. Blume I. c. 

A. " caulibus simplicibus superne compressiusculis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis 
apice tricuspidatis, spicis axillaribus lateralibus terminalibusve solitariis 
confertisve pendulis folio longioribus, labelli limbo ovato obtuso cum 

Hab. in Java, in montanis provinciarum Buitenzorg, Bantam et Tjanjor, 

Bracteae ovales, obtusae, concavae reflexae. 

2. Appendicula cristata. Blume I. c. 

A. " caulibus ramosis compressis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis apice tricuspi- 
datis, spicis oppositifoliis axillaribus terminalibusve solitariis longissioiis 
subramosis interne nudis compressis, labelli limbo rotundato emarginato 
interne utrinque cristato." 

Hab. in Java, in montanis Pantjar, Blume. 

3. Appendicula anceps. Blume I. c. 

A. <f caulibus simplicibus foliaceis, foliis lanceolatis apice tricuspidatis, 
spicis oppositifoliis terminalibusve solitariis geminisve folio brevionbus, 
labelli limbo obtusiusculo reflexo." 

Hab. in Java, in montibus provinciarum occidentalium Javae insula?, Blume. 

Sepala lateralia exteriora ungui labelli inferne adhaerentia. 

4. Appendicula alba. Blume I. c. 

A. " caulibus simplicibus compressiusculis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis retuso- 
mucronatis, spicis axillaribus simplicibus terminalibusve ssepe gemmatis 
folio brevioribus, labelli limbo obtuso.'' 

Hab. in Java, locis umbrosis ad montem Salak, Blume. 

Flores albi mediocres. 

5. Appendicula ramosa. Blume I. c. 

A. •* caulibus ramosis teretiusculis, foliis ovali-oblongis (parvis) ret " s ?' 
mucronatis, spicis paucifloris oppositifoliis terminalibusve solitariis foU*> 
subaequalibus labelli limbo obtuso interne bicalloso.'' 

Hab. in Java, ad marginem fluvii Tjapus in montosis Salak, Blume. 

6. Appendicula pauciflora. Blume I. c. 

A. " caulibus simplicibus teretibus, foliis ovalibus (parvis) retuso-mucro- 
nulatis, pedunculis oppositifoliis brevissimis subunifloris, labelli \\vaW 
obtuso cum mucrone." 

Hab. in Java, in sylvis altioribus montis ignivomi Gede, Blume. 

7. Appendicula buxifolia. Blume I. e. 

A. " caulibus ramosis teretibus, foliis linearibus (parvis) oblique mticro- 
nulato-retusis rigidis lucidis, spicis axillaribus terminalibusve solitariis 
folio brevioribus paucifloris, labelli limbo rotundato crenulato intus ad 
marginem tumido." 

Hab. in Java, supra montem Pantjar, &c. Blume. 

Flores parvi, flavescentes. 

vandejE. 229 

8. Appendicula carnosa. Blume I. c. 

A. •* caulibus simplicibus teretibus, foliis linearibus apice inaequali-obtusis 
carnosis, pedunculis axillaribus v. intrafoliaceis brevissimis 1-2-floris, 
labelli limbo rotundato emarginato recto." 

Hab. in Java, sylvis altioribus montis Salak, Blume. 

Flores parvi, albido-virescentes ; sepala lateralia exteriora calcar obtusum 
referentia, ungui labelli adglutinata. 

9. Appendicula angustifolia. Blume I. c. 

A. " caulibus simplicibus teretibus, foliis linearibus oblique retusis cana- 
liculars rigidiusculis, spicis axillaribus solitariis folio brevioribus, limbi 
acuti marginibus incurvis." 

Hab. in Java, sylvis altioribus Salak, Blume. 

10. Appendicula reflexa. Blume I. c. 

A. " caulibus simplicibus teretibus, foliis ovalibus retuso-mucronulatis, 
spicis supra-axillaribus solitariis folio brevioribus densifloris, labelli 
limbo patente obtuso cum mucrone." 

Hab. in Java, in arbores ad ripas fluvii Tjapus et in humidis montis Pantjar, 

Flores minuti, albidi ; labellum inferne sepalis lateralibus exterioribus 

11. Appendicula undulata. Blume I. c. 

A. " caulibus simplicibus compressis, foliis ovalibus retuso-mucronulatis, 
spicis oppositifoliis solitariis folio aequalibus, labelli limbo ovato un- 

Hab. in Java, in sylvis Pantjar, Blume. 

Labellum inferne sepalis exterioribus junctum, intus appendiculo ligulato 
emarginato instructum. 

12. Appendicula purpurascens. Blume I. c. 

A. " caulibus simplicibus compressis, foliis ovalibus retuso-mucronatis, 
spicis filiformibus subramosis oppositifoliis terminalibusve folio multo 
longioribus, labelli limbo ovato acutiusculo." 

Hab. in Java, sylvis montium Salak et Gede, Blume. 

13. Appendicula cornuta. Blume I. c. 

A - " caulibus simplicibus teretibus, foliis ovalibus retuso-mucronulatis, 
spicis termiualibus oppositifoliisve solitariis folio brevioribus paucifloris, 
labelli limbo obtuso intus calloso, gynostemio utroque latere dente 
recurvo instructo." 

Hab. in Java, in sylvis montium Seribu et Pantjar, Blume. 

Flores albi mediocres. 

14. Appendicula congenera. Blume I. c. 

A - " caulibus foliis et spicis pracedentis sed labello reflexo rotundato con- 

cavo intus nudo, gynostemio edentulo." 
Hab. in Java, supra montem Pantjar, Blume. 
Hores magnitudine praecedentis. 

230 VANDE^E. 

15. Appendicul,a torta. Blume I. c. 

A. " caulibus simplicibus compressis, foliis ovalibus retuso-mucronulatis, 
spicis terminalibus solitariis bracteis coloratis (roseis) bifariam imbri- 
catis, labello torto." 

Hab. in Java, montanis Seribu et Pantjar, Blume. 

§ II. Flores terminates, capitati, bracteis paleaceis cincti. Labellum sepalis 
lateralibus exterioribus plerumque in/erne adnatum, sublobatum. 

16. Appendicula callosa. Blume I. c. 

A. " caulibus simplicibus teretiusculis, foliis lineari-ovalibus retuso-mu- 
cronulatis, vaginis foliorum bidentatis, labelli limbo lato-ovato interne 
calloso patente." 

Hab. in Java, montanis provinciarum Bantam et Buitenzorg, Blume. 

17. Appendicula Hasseltii. Blume I. c. 

A. " caulibus simplicibus teretibus, foliis lato-linearibus retuso-mucronu- 
latis, vaginis foliorum edentulis, labelli limbo erectiusculo crenulato. 
Hab. in Java, calcareis provinciarum Bantam et Buitenzorg, Blume. 

18. Appendicula longifolia. Blume I. c. 

A. " caulibus simplicibus compressis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis retusis, flo- 

ribus dense capitatis." 
Hab. in Java, sylvis altioribus montium Salak, Pangurang, &c. Blume. 


Ciyptoglottis. Blume Bydr. 296. tabellen 42. 

Perianthium clausum. Sepala basi connata $ lateralibus cum ungue co- 
lumnar in calcar longum basi didymum productis, supra medium inter 
se connatis. Labellum inclusum, unguiculatum, integerrimum, cum pede 
columnar elastice articulatum. Columna nana, in ovarium recumbens, 
rostello subulato erecto. Anthera fere dorsalis, 2-locularis. Pollinia 4, 
clavata, iusequalia, sterilibus quibusdam intermixtis, caudicula tenw 

brevi, glandula hamata. Herba epiphyta, pusilla, subramosa. FoUa 

linearia, cuspidata. Pedunculi terminales, subsolitarii, pauciflori. Flores 
bracteolati, parvi, albidi. 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Cryptoglottis serpyllifolia. Blume I. c. 
Hab. in Java, in arbores montium Seribu, Blume. 


Ceratostylis. Blume Bijdr. 304. tabellen 56. 

Perianthium clausum. Sepala basi connata; lateralibus basi productis 

calcar breve obtusum semulantibus. Petala sepalo supremo subsqualia- 

Labellum subinclusum ; ungue longo incurvo ; limbo indiviso, concavo, 

crasso. Columna brevis, basi long! producta, libera. Anthera %-locv 

VANDE2E. 231 

laris ) loculis 4-partitis. Pollinia 8, in glandulam sessilia. Epiphytae, 

subcaulescentes, ebulboe. Pedunculi 1-flori, ad basin foliorum positi, 
paleis cincti. 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Ceratostylis graminea. Blume I. c. 

C. " caulescens, foliis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatissimis, pedunculis soli- 
tariis geminisve subtomentosis, labello apice incrassato inargine ciliato." 
Hab. in Java, ad montem Salak, Blume. 

2. Ceratostylis latifolia. Blume I. c. 

C. " caulescens, foliis lanceolatis obtusis, pedunculis solitariis geminisve 

villosiusculis, labello intus lineis duabus pubescentibus notato." 
Hab. in Java, in cacumen montis Gede, Blume. 

3. Ceratostylis simplex. Blume I. c. 

C. " caulibus simplicibus teretibus 1-phyllis, foliis lanceolatis retusis, 
pedunculis solitariis sepalisque glabris, labello superne cucullato." 

Hab. in Java, in vicinitate cataractarum fluviiTji-Kundulin montanis Gede, 

4. Ceratostylis anceps. Blume I. c. 

C. " caulibus simplicibus subfoliaceis 1-phyllis, foliis lanceolatis retusis, 
pedunculis 1-3 sepalisque exterioribus arachnoideo-pubescentibus." 

Hab. in Java, in vicinitate cataractarum fluvii Tji-Kundul in montanis Gede, 

5. Ceratostylis gracilis. Blume I. c. 

C. " caulibus simplicibus teretibus 1-phyllis, foliis lineari-subulatis senii- 

teretibus, pedunculis 1-4 ovariisque villosiusculis." 
Hab. in Java, in montanis Seribu et Pantjar, Blume. 

6. Ceratostylis subulata. Blume I. c. 

C. " caulibus simplicibus teretibus 1-phyllis, foliis subulatis teretibus 

leviter canaliculars, floribus confertis arachnoideo-pubescentibus." 
Hab. in Java, in montanis Salak, Pantjar, &c. Blume. 

Flores minimi, flavescentes ,• sepala lateralia exteriora in calcare didymo 


Ephippium § 2. Blume Bijdr. 308. tabeUen 65. 

" enanthium subringens, sepalis lateralibus latioribus cum ungue products 
columnse connatis. Labellum parvura, sellaeforme, integrum, cum basi 
producta columnar elastice articulatum. Columna in ovarium recumbens, 
nana, antice bicornuta. Anthers 2-locularis. Pollinia 2. bipartibilia, 

caudicula (ex icone) clavata. Herbae epiphytae. Caules radiciformes. 

Folia solitaria, plerumque pseudobulbo insidentia, coriacea. Pedunculi 
ad basin pseudobulborum orti, basi vaginati, apice pauci-aut multi-flori. 
Plores subpedicellati, bracteati, purpurascentes. 
May, 1833. h h 



Character ex Blume. Bolbophyllo valde simile videtur, sed glandule 
maxima differt. An recte descriptum ? Plures species, Cirrhopetalo forte 
referenda;, sed olim omissae, in supplemento nostro mox describentur. 

1. Ephippium lepidum. Blume I. c. 

E. " bulbis ovatis pentagonis, foliis lanceolatis obtusis emarginatis, 
floribus in pedunculo elongato ad apicem capitatis, sepalis lateralibus 
exterioribus cohserentibus reliquis valde majoribus, dorsali interioribus- 
que ciliolatis acuminatissimis." 

Hab. in Java, in montanis Pantjar, supra arbores, Blume. 

2. Ephippium cornutum. Blume I. c. c. ic. 

E. " bulbis ovato-oblongis subtetragonis, foliis lanceolatis acutis, pedunculo 
brevi 1-floro, sepalis acutis, lateralibus exterioribus reliquis valde latio- 
ribus, labello ad marginem inferne ciliato." 

Hab. in Java, in sylvis elatis montis Salak, Blume. 


Ceratochilus. Blume Bijdr. 358. tabellen 25 (1825). Omsea. Id. 359. 

'erianthium patens. Sepala 2 lateralia labello supposita. Petala angus- 
tiora. Labellum parvum, sacco v. calcare compresso ; cum columna 
connatum, fauce biglandulosum, limbo trifido integrove. Columna nana. 
Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, globosa, biloba, caudicula filiformi, 

glandula hamata. Herbse pusilla;, epiphytae. Caules simplice^, v. 

subramosi. Folia disticha, crassa, linearia, subtriquetra. Flores pedun- 
culati, solitarii. 

Character ex Blume. 

1 . Ceratochilus biglandulosus. Blume I. e. 

C. labelli calcare ventricoso lamina subulata, caulibus simplicibus. 
Hab. in Java, in sylvis elatioribus montium Cede, Salak, &c. Blume. 

2. Ceratochilus micranthus. 

C. labelli calcare compresso emarginato : laminae trifidas lacinia medio 

erecta incrassata, caulibus subramosis flexuosis. 
Omaea micrantha. Blume Bijdr. 359. 

Hab. in Java, in sylvis altioribus montis Salak, Blume. 
Flores minuti, flavescentes. 

3. ? Ceratochilus orchideus. 

C. " caulescens simplex articulatus pendulus flexuosus, foliis distichis 
lanceolatis acutis, floribus axillaribus subsolitariis, labello bifido, cornu 
germine duplb breviore." W. 

Epidendrum Orchideunw Bets. Obs. 6.48. 

Limodorum Orchideum. Wilkl. Sp.Pl. 4.126. 

Hab. in arboribus India Orientalis. 

yandex. 233 


Ecliioglossum. Blume Bijdr. 364. tabellen 28. 

Perianthium explanatum, patens. Sepala et petala subaequalia. Labellum 
cornutum, trilobum ; lobis lateralibus erectis, intermedio difformi utrin- 
que calloso, in ligulam bifidam patentem producto ) cornu dente clausum. 
Columna semiteres, aptera. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, bipartibilia, 

caudicula filiformi medio auriculata, glandula arcuatci dilatata. ■ 

Herba epiphyta, caulescens. Folia disticha, lineari-lanceolata, cuspidata, 
rigida. Spica oppositifolia pubescens. 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Echioglossum Javanicum. Blume I. c. 

Hub. in Java, ad truncos arborum in monte Salak, Blume. 


Sarcanthus. Lindl. Coll. Bot. t. 39 B (1826.) 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala et petala subaequalia. Labellum breve 
calcaratum, trilobum, carnosum, cum columna articulatum j calcare 
intus ^biloculari. Columna erecta, semiteres. Anthera bilocularis. Pol- 
linia 2, postice lobata, caudicula glandulaque variis. Herbae epiphyta? 

caulescentes. Folia disticha, plana v. teretia. Racemi oppositifolii. 
Flores speciosi. 

1. Sarcanthus paniculatus. Illustr. of Orchideous Plants, t. 9. Genera. 

S. foliis longis loratis apice oblique bilobis obtusis, spicis paniculatis, se- 
palis petalisque lineari-oblongis undulatis obtusiusculis, labelli calcare 
recto obtuso subemarginato in lamina bicorni medio callosa producto. 

Aerides paniculatum. Ker. in Bot. Reg. t. 220. 
Vanda paniculata. R. Br. in Bot. Reg.fol. 506. 

Hab. in China. 

Flores lutescentes, sepalis petalisque medio sanguineo bivittatis. Labellum 

luteum, laminae cornubus albis, callo virescente. 

2. Sarcanthus rostratus. Lindl. Coll. Bot. t. 39 B. 

S. foliis lanceolatis acutis planis subrecurvis, spica simplici horizontali 
foliis subaequali, sepalis petalisque obovato-oblongis obtusis patentibus, 
labelli calcare recto obtuso in lamina incurva rostrata producto. 

Hab. in China, (». v. c.) 

Sepala et petala luteo-viridia sanguineo marginata. Labellum violaceum. 
Rostellum rostratum. 

3. Sarcanthus succisus. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1014. 

S. foliis oblongis subundulatis prsamorsis, spica simplici horizontali v. de- 
flexa foliis longiore, rachi ancipite, sepalis petalisque oblongis obtusis, 
labelli calcare apice didymo inflato in lamina ovata acuta carnosa 

Hab. in China* (v. v. c.) 

234 vande^e. 

Sepala et petala viridi-lutea medio purpurea. Labellum luteum, apice 

4. Sakcanthus teretifolius. 

5. foliis teretibus, spica simplici horizontal foliis sequali, sepalis petalisque 
oblongis obtusis reflexis, labelli calcare recto obtuso intus pubescente 
in lamina ovata acuta carnosa producto, facie column* villosa. 

Vanda teretifolia. Lindl. Coll. Bot, t, 6. 
Hab. in China, (v. v. c.) 

Sepala et petala luteo-viridia, venis tribiis sanguineis notata. Labellum 
album, margine faucis violaceo. Rostellum truncatum. 


Podocbilas. Blume Bijdr. 295. tabellen 12. Platysma. Id. 295. tabellen 43. 

Apista. Id. 296. 

Perianthium clausum. Sepala basi connata ; lateralibus latioribus cum v. 
sub ungue producto columnar connatis. Petala angustiora, libera. La- 
bellum cum pede columnar elastice articulatum, integrum, unguiculatum. 
Columna in ovarium recumbens, clinandrio bicorni membranaceo. 
Anthera fere dorsalis, 2-locularis. Pollinia 4, caudiculis duabus, meua- 

branaceis, convolutis. Herbal epiphytae, caulescentes. Folia disticha, 

parva. Flores parvi, solitarii v. spicati, saepibs terminates. 

1. Podochilus lucescens. Blume I. c. t. 12. 

P. foliis ovalibus emarginatis rigidis lucidis, petalis obtusis, labello sagit- 
tate basi bicalloso, rostello subulato, glandula sagittata. 

Hab. in Java, in arbores montium Salak,Pantjar,Meggamedung, &c. Blume. 

2. Podochilus micropbyllus. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7335. 

P. foliis anguste ovatis acutis oblique tortis, petalis obtusis, labello sagit- 
tate emarginato, rostello obtuso, glandula subrotunda. 

Hab. in Penang et Sylhet, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Jngi. Ind.) 

Omnes partes florum minutissimae. Petala obovata, obtusa, sepalis minora. 

Columnar cornua membranacea, truncata. Stigma subrotundum, ma* 

gine membranaceo antice truncato circumdatum. 

3. Podochilus cultratus. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7336. 

P. foliis equitantibus imbricatis acutis cultratis,spicisbrevissimis paucifloris- 

Hab. in Napalia inferiore ad Hetounda, Wallich. (halt. s. sp. deft'. « Mm- 
Angl. Ind.) 

Florum fabrica vix nota ; eadem videtur ac in praecedente. 

4. Podochilus falcatus. 

P. foliis equitantibus imbricatis obtusis falcatis, spicis laxis terminalib" 3 
nutantibus, petalis subulatis, labello lanceolate integerrimo in ungue 
sigmoideo angustato. 

Hab. in Zeylona, supra saxa in montem Nuera EUia, Macrae, (hab. s. *p) 

VANDE^B. 235 

5. Podochilus saxatilis. 

P. foliis equitantibus retrorsum cultratis obtusis, spicis brevibus cernuis, 
petalis obtusiusculis, labello lanceolato integerrimo in ungue sigmoideo 

Hab. in Zeylona, supra saxa in colles altiores ad Peradeniam, Macrae, (hab. 
s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

Caules 2-3 poll, alti, carnosi, atrovirides. Folia parva, magis quam in cae- 
teris speciebus carnosa. Flores parvi, flavi ; labello in medio sanguineo. 

6. Podochilus gracilis. 

P. foliis linearibus disticbis cuspidatis, caulibus repentibus, floribus soli- 
tariis sessilibus, petalis obtusiusculis, labello sagittato obovato mucro- 
nato, capsuia glandulosa. 

Platysma gracile. Blume Bijdr. 295. t . 42. 

Hab. in Java, in montauis Pantjar et Seribu, Blume. 

7. Podochilus tenuis. 

P. foliis distichis linearibus acuminatis, caule ramoso, spicis subtermina- 

libus paucifloris, floribus minutissimis bracteolatis. 
Apista tenuis. Blume Bijdr. 296. 

Hab. in Java, in sylvis altioribus montium provinciarum Buitenzorg et 
Bantam, Blume. 

Omnia Podochili (lucescentis), sed columna lata, utrinque emarginata, lo- 
culis antherae disjunctis massisque pollinis per paria pharetratis, emar- 
ginaturis columnae utrinque pedicellis respondentibus. Blume. 


Adenoncos. Blume Bijdr. 381. 

Sepala et petala erecta, subaequalia. Labellum concavum, carnosum, intus 
glanduloso-tumidum, erectum : limbo indiviso. Columna brevis, ob- 
tusa. Anthera semibilocularis. Pollinia 4, (an 2, bipartibilia?) sub- 

globosa, compressiuscula, caudicula brevi, glandule peltata. Herba 

epiphyta, inter minores. Caules simplices. Folia disticha, linearia, 
acuta, carnosa, supra canaliculata. Pedunculi oppositifolii, solitarii, 
pauciflori. Flores sessiles virentes. 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Adenoncos virens. Blume I. c. 

Hab. in Java, supra arbores in sylvis montis Pantjar, Blume. 


CEceoclades. Lindl. in Bot. Reg.fol. 1522. 

Perianthium patens, v. ringens, v. counivens, subaequale, liberum, non 
secundum. Labellum liberum, sessile, cum columna articulatum, nu- 
dum v. basi bilamellatum, calcaratum ; calcare curvo sajpe obconico, 
lamina lobata" cucullata, v. complicata, v. concava. Columna saipfe 

236 VANDE^!. 

elongata, semiteres. Anthera 2-locularis. Pollinia 2, postice sulcata, 

caudicula angusta, glandula minuta. Epiphytae, acaules v. caules- 

centes, nunc pseudobolbosae. Folia coriacea, aut rar5 membranacea, 
nunquam plicata. Flores saepiils minuti. 

This genus differs from Angraecum in its usually shorter spur and longer 
column, and especially in its lobed lip which is almost always cucullate. 
The flowers are either ringent as in CEceoclades maculata, or spread flat as 
in many others. CEceoclades will probably comprehend all the Eulophia- 
like epiphytes that have not a second perianthium and a crest at the 
bottom of the labellum ; it is very near Eulophia, from which its coriaceous, 
not plaited leaves, distinguish it among other things. 

1. CEceoclades tenera. 

CE. caulescens, foliis oblongis carnosis emarginatis, spicis 3-4-floris hori- 
zontalibus foliis brevioribus, sepalo supremo erecto galeato lateralibus 
labello suppositis aequali, petalis galea parallelis conformibus : omnibus 
basi valde discretis, labello sepalis breviore trilobo cucullato laciniis 
lateralibus erectis emarginatis truncatis intermedial carnosa triloba 
plana basi bicallosa, calcare brevi incurvo. 

Hab. in Zeylona, supra frutices in sylvis montanis, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et 
v. ic. pict.) 

Textura omnium partium, praesertim florum, laxe cellulosa. Labellum 
cum col. nee articulatum nee connatum. Columna brevissima, lateri- 
bus inflexis callosis. Pollinia 2, globosa, postice biloba, caudicula 
lineari elongata, retinaculo deltoideo. Flores luteo-fulvi apicibus san- 
guineis, labelli lamina alba. 

2. CEceoclades paniculata. 

CE. caulescens, foliis oblongis apice bilobis erosis, paniculis lateralibus 
foliis dupl5 longioribus, floribus minutis, sepalo supremo acuto galeato 
lateralibus breviore, petalis sepalo supremo minoribus acutis, labello 
sinuato cordato apice longe acuminato, calcare brevi ventricoso. 

Hab. in India Orientali, ad Gualpara, Hamilton ; in Sylhet, Wallkh. (hab. t. 
sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 

Flores extus discolores, quasi sphacelati, intus fulvi luteo marginati j la- 
bellum luteum. 

3. CEceoclades flexuosa. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7333. 

CE. subacaulis, foliis lineari-loratis apice valde obliquis subbilobis erosis, 
paniculis flexuosis erectis divaricatis, floribus minutis, sepalis petalisque 
obovato-oblongis, labello oblongo obtuso repando intus piloso, calcare 
conico incurvo lamina longiore : dentibus marginis 2 acutis. 

Hab. in India Orientali, in Deltae Gangeticae arbores, nee non ad ripas flu- 
minis Attran, Wallkh. {hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 

Petala et sepala intus flavo-rosea extus herbacea. Labellum album roseo 
pallide fasciatum. 

4. CEceoclades parviflora. 

CE. " caule brevissimo, foliis saepiils 4 lineari-lanceolatis acutis sessibbus, 
scapo gracili simplici, floribus parvulis, laciniis calycis brevibus bas» 
coahtis, labello trifido : calcare ascendente." A. R. 



Angraecum parviflorum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 60. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maxirit. p. 71. 
Hab. in Mauritio, Thouars. 

5. (Eceoclades ? gracilis. 

CE. " caule brevissimo, foliis linearibus longissimis striatis apice bilobis 
basi subcarinatis striatis, floribus minimis in spica gracili longissima 
tlispositis, calcare recurvo ovarii longitudine." A. R. 

Angraecum gracile. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 77. Ach. Richard. Orch. Maurit.p. 74. 
Aerobion gracile. Spreng: Syst. 3. 717. 

Hab. in Mauritio, Thouars. 

6. (Eceoclades pusilla. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 733*2. 

CE. subacaulis, foliis obovato-oblongis apice sequalibus acutis bilobis ra- 
cemis ascendentibus gracilibus brevioribus, floribus minutis, sepalis 
obovatis obtusis, petalis conformibus minoribus, labello hastato-trian- 
gulari, calcare infundibuliformi incurvo labello longiore. 

Hab. supra ramulos arborum in sylvis Sylhetensibus, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e 

Mus. Angl. Ind.) 
An CE. Retzii hujus loci, foliis delapsis ? 

7. CEceoclades Retzii. 

CE. " aphylla, subarticulata, fasciculata, cortici appressa, racemis sirapli- 
cibus." W. 

Epidendrumpusillum. Retz. Obs. 6.49. 
Limodorum pusillum. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 126. 

Hab. in arboribus India Orientalis, Retz. 

8. CEceoclades funalis. 

CE. " aphylla, radicans, pedunculo bifloro, limbo labelli bilobo, cornu 

longissimo subulato.'* S. 
Epidendrum funale. Swartz. Prodr. 126. 
Limodorum funale. Id. Fl. Ind. Occ. 3. 1521. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 127. 

Hab. supra truncos vetustos in montibus Jamaica, Swartz. 

Flores magni, albidi. Radices 2-3-pedales. 

9. CEceoclades falcata. 

CE. caule simplici, foliis distichis linearibus canaliculars acutis, floribus 
axillaribus solitariis longe pedunculatis, sepalis petalisque patentibus 
linearibus acutis, labello trilobo : lobo medio emarginato, calcare lon- 
gissimo filiformi incurvo. 

Limodorum falcatum. Dot. Mag. 2097. ncc Willd. 
Angraecum falcatum. Lindl. in Coll. Bot. 15. 

Hab. in China. 

The plant described by Thunberg in his Flora Japonica, under the name 
of Orchis falcata, and supposed to be this, has a scape and flowers in spikes ; 
besides which it appears to be terrestrial. How then are we to consider 
it the same with this which has not one of these important characters ? 

10. CEceoclades maculata. 

CE. pseudobolbosa, foliis solitariis Ianceolatis maculatis coriaceis, scapis 
radicalibus foliis longioribus, floribus ringentibus, labelli trilobi lobo 
intermedio rotundato emarginato, calcare recto obtuso 1; mina basi bre» 
viter bilamellata breviore. 

238 YANDEX. 

Angrsecum maculatum. Until. Coll, Bot. 1. 15. Sot. Reg. 618. 

Geodorum pictum. Link et Otto Abbild. t. 14. 

Aerobion maculatum. Spreng. Syst. 3.718. 

Angraacum monophyllum. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. 66. t. 9. 

Hab. in Brazilia, nee non in Africa eequinoctiali ; in Mauritio, Commerson. 
(y. v. c.) 

Flores albo et roseo picti. Pollinia 2, triangularia, collateralia, in utraque 
facie integerrima, caudicula brevi glandulae viscidae adhsrente. Species 
oninino anomala j an Cymbidio potius referenda ? an sui generis ? 


Aerides. Loureir. Cockinch. 525. Dendrocolla. JBlume Bijdr. 286. tabcllen 67. 

Perianthium patens v. clausum. Sepala lateralia, basi saepiils obliqua, 
cum ungue producto columnae connata. Labellum cum ungue columns 
articulatum, saccatum v. calcaratum, trilobum : lobis lateralibus nanis j 
limbo cucullato, aut subulato, aut abbreviate- tumido, aut subfornicato. 
Columna in ovarium recumbens, brevis, aptera. Anthera bilocularis. 
Pollinia 2, postice sulcata; caudicula lata v. filiformi, glandula peltata 

subrotunda. Herbee epiphytee caulescentes. Caules subsimplices, 

radicantes. Folia disticha, coriacea, aut subcarnosa. Flores racemosi, 
v. spicati. 

§ I. Cuculla, Blume. Spicce bracteis carinatis scepius carnosis instructs. 
Labelli limbus cucullatus, rarius expansus. 

1. Aerides arachnites. 

A. " foliis lato-linearibus retusis, sepalis longiter acuminatis> labello intus 

appendice ligulato instructo." 
Dendrocolla arachnites. Blume I. c. 287. 
Hab. in Java, ad pedem montium Salak et Seribu provincial Buitenzorg, 

Blume. Floret omni tempore. 

2. Aerides testaceum. 

A. foliis loratis acutis bilobis inter lobos cuspidatis, racemis strictis sim- 
plicibus rnult illoris foliis longioribus, sepalis petalisque obovato-oblongis 
obtusis, labelli infundibularis laciniis lateralibus erectis obtusis inter- 
media lineari patente apice dilatata reniformi biloba dentate lineis duabus 
elevatis callosis in disco, calcare conico incurvo. 
Hab. in Zeylona, supra arbores, Macrae, {hab. s. sp. et. ie. piet.) 
Pedunculi maculati. Flores Vanda Roxburghi paulo minores, pallide tes- 
tacei, macula violacea in medio labelli. Capsular clavatae, hexagonal 

3. Aerides Wightianum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7320. 

A. foliis loratis apice obliquis obtusis bilobis inter lobos cuspidatis, racemis 
strictjs simplicibus multifloris foliis longioribus, sepalis petalisque ova- 
libus anticis majoribus, labelli infundibularis laciniis lateralibus peoi 
columnae adnatis obtusis intermedia subcuneata apice triloba rotundata: 
disco lineis pluribus elevatis crispis cristato, calcare brevi conico. 

Hab. in India Orientati, prope Madras, Wight, (hab. s. sp. e Mas, AngUInA-) 

Capsulae clavatae, alis sex brevibus. 

VANDE42. 239 

4. Aerides odoratum. Lour. Fl. Cochinch. 525. 

A. foliis flaccidis apice obtusis obliquis, racemis pendulis multifloris foliis 
longioribus, labelli cucullati infundibularis laciniis lateralibus erectis 
cuneatis rotundatis intermedin ovata acuta inflexa, calcare conico incurvo. 

A. odoratum. R. Brown in Hort. Kew. 5. 212. 

A. cornutum. Roxb. M*a. Hot. Reg. t. 1485. 

Hab. supra arbores in India Orientali, prope Daccam et Noakote, in Sylhet, 
Chittagong et Moalmyne, Wallich; in sylvis China; et Cochinchina:, 

Flores candidi, apicibus roseis, spectabiles, odoratissimi, ad cameras or- 
nandas aptissimi. 

5. Aekides affine. Wallich. Cat. no. 7316. 

A. foliis canaliculars subrecurvis retusis mucronatis, racemis cylindraceis 
multifloris erectis foliis aequalibus, sepalis oblongis obtusis, petalis eon- 
formibus majoribus, labello cseteris majore ovato mtmbranaceo obsolete 
trilobo, ungue saccato geniculate : calcare parvo cornuto laminae 

Epidendrum geniculatum. Hamilt.Mss. 

Hab. in montes meridionales India; Orientalis, pone Sheopore, in Sylhet et 
Napalia, Wallich. (hab, s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 

Flores pulcherrimi, rosei, maculis quibusdam atrioribus. 

6. Aerides crispum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7319. 

A. foliis planis apice obtusis obliquis, racemis , sepalis petalisque 

subaequalibus obtusis, labello caeteris majore ovato membranaceo mar- 
gine crispo basi bicalloso : ungue recto ; calcare parvo cornuto obtuso 
laminae supposito. 

Hab. in India Orientali, prope Courtallum, Wallich. (hab.Jiores et folia spont. 
e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

7. Aerides taeniale. 

A. subacaule, radicibus compressis repentibus foliaceis, foliis ovalibus 
acutis membranaceis radicibus multd brevioribus, racemis erectis 5-6- 
floris foliis brevioribus, sepalis petalisque ovalibus acutis anticis duplo 
latioribus basi labelli adnatis, labelli infundibularis laciniis lateralibus 
pedi column* adnatis erectis apice obtusis denticulatis intermedia lineari- 
oblonga integerrima acuta, calcare brevi conico. 
Hab. in Napalia, inter Jungermannias, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Rudge.) 
Flores inter minores. Labellum violaceum. Herba facie Chiloschista; 
usneoides. Radices verosimiliter foliorum vices gerunt. 

**. Aerides obtusum. 

A. " caule compresso, foliis lineari-lanceolatis emarginatis cum mucrone 

intermedio sepalis obtusiusculis, labello interne vifioso.' 
Dendrocolla obtusa. Blume I. c 287. 
Hab. in Java, sylvis altioribus Salak, Blume. 

9. Aerides amplexicaule. 

A. " foliis cordatis amplexicaulibus, sepalis oblongis acutis, labello interne 

f>endrocolla amplexicaulis. Blume I. e. 288. 
Hab. in Java, in montanis Salak et in calcarcis prope Kuripan, Blume. 

May, 1833. ii 

240 vande^:. 

10. Aerides purpurascens. 

A. " caulibus compressiusculis, foliis lanceolatis emarginatis purpurascen* 
tibus, sepalis acutis." 

Dendrocolla purpurascens. Blume I. c. 288. 

Hab. in Java, sylvis humidis montium Fangurangu et Gede, Blume. 

Flores flavi. 

11. Aerides acuminatissimum. 

A. " caulibus subramosis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis emarginato-mucronatis 

(carnosis), sepalis et labelli limbo longiter acuminatis. 
Dendrocolla scuminatissima. Blume I. c. 288. 
Hab. in Java, sylvis montanis Pantjar, Blume. 

§ II. Tubera Blume. Spicee bracteis coalitis et scrobiculatis munita. Labelli 
limbus, callosus, abbreviates. 

12. Aerides compressum. 

A. " foliis lineari-lanceolatis apice bicuspidatis (carnosis), pedunculo com- 
presso bracteis nempe basi ad apicem carnosis carinatis connatis tecto.' 

Dendrocolla compressa. Blume I. c. 289. 

Hab. in Java, sylvis humidioribus provinciarum Buitenzorg et Bantam, 

13. Aerides tessellatum. Wight in Wall. Cat. no. 7318. 

A. foliis loratis apice truncatis rotundatis subsequilateris, racemis pauci- 
floris horizontalibus foliis brevioribus, sepalis petalisque patentibus un- 
guiculatis obovatis obtusis crispis tessellatis, labelli calcare recto conico 
lamina ovata convexa dentibus lateralibus erectis acuminatis columns 

Epidendrum tessellatum. Rojrb. Coram. 1. t. 42. 

Cymbidium tessellatum. Swartz. Nov. Act. Ups. 6. 75. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 102. 

Hab. in India Orientali, supra truncos ramosque arborum in montes Circar, 

Roxburgh, (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 
Flores magni, viridi-lutei, speciosi. 

14. Aerides cylindricum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7317- 

A. foliis teretibus, racemis brevibus subbifloris, sepalis ovatis obtusis, pe- 
talis oblongis latioribus, labelli cucullati infundibularis laciniis lateralibus 
oblongis obtusis intermediae carnosse ovatae obtusae adnatis, calcare recto 

? Epidendrum subulatum. Retz. Obs. 6. 50. 
? Limodorutn subulatum. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 126. 

Hab. in Tndia Orientali, Wallich. Wight, (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. bid.) 

15. Aerides teres. 

A. " foliis lato-linearibus basi angustioribus apice obtuso-emarginatis, p e " 
dunculo elongato tereti bracteis scrobiculatis tecto." 

Dendrocolla teres. Blume I. c. 289. 

Hab. in Java, montanis provincial Buitenzorg, Blume. 

Sepala oblonga, obtusa, inferne angustiora. Labelli limbus abbreviatuj. 
callosus. Foliis latioribus rigidioribus obtusissimis ct pedunculo tere» 
ab A. compresso solummodo diversum. Bl. 

VANDE^E. 241 

16. Aerides pusilUiin. 

A. " foliis lato-lanceolatis, pedunculo versus apicero bracteis paucis obsesso, 

sepalis acutiusculis, labelli auriculis profunde bifidis." 
Dendrocolla appendiculata. Dlume I. c. 289. 

Hab. in Java, ad arbores in monticulis calcareis prope Kuripan, Blume. 
Planta pusilla. Flores miniati. 

17- Aerides emarginatum. 

A. " foliis lineari-lanceolatis oblique emarginatis, pedunculis confertis 
hirsutis versus apicem paucifloris, sepalis acutis, labelli auriculis emar- 

Dendrocolla emarginata. Blume I. c. 290. 

Hab. in Java, sylvis montanis Pantjar et Meggamedong, Blume. 

Flores flavi, labello candido intus maculis 2 flavescentibus. 

18. Aerides pallidum. 

A. " foliis lineari-lanceolatis oblique retusis, pedunculo superne bracteis 

paucis instructo, sepalis obtusis, labello extus cum tuberculo." 
Dendrocolla pallida. Blume I. c. 290. 
Hab. in Java, sylvis opacis Nusae Kambangae insula;, Blume. 

19. Aerides spurium. 

A. " caulibus elongato-clavatis superne tetragonis diphyllis (foliorum pri- 
vatione ?), foliis lanceolatis, floribus e scrobiculis lateralibus caulis erum- 

Dendrocolla spuria. Blume I. c. 290. 

Hab. in Java, vallibus montium Seribu, Blume. 

An hujus generis et sectionis ? Blume. 

20. Aerides minimum. 

A. " caulibus simplicibus (vix semipollicaribus), foliis paucis lanceolatis 
acutiusculis, spicis brevibus ad apicem paucifloris, sepalis carinatis 
obtusiusculis, labelli limbo obliterato." 

Dendrocolla minima. Blume I. c. 290. 

Hab. in Java, in montanis Pantjar, Blume. 

§ III. Fornicaria, Blume. Spicce superne bracteis subulatis congestis pra- 
dit&, labelli limbo abbreviate fornicato. 

21. Aerides angustifolium. 

A. " foliis carnosis lineari-lanceolatis canaliculars obtusis emarginatis, 

pedunculis brevibus paucifloris." 
Dendrocolla angustifolia. Blume I. c. 291. 
Hab. in Java, in montosis Salak et Seribu, Blume. 

22. Aerides subulatum. 

A. «« foliis carnosis lineari-lanceolatis canaliculars apice contracts subu- 
latis, pedunculis brevibus paucifloris." 
Dendrocolla subulata. Blume I. c. 291. 
Hab. in Java, in montosis Salak et Seribu, Blume. 
A. angtistifolio valde affine, floribus etiam aurantiacis, Bl. 



23. Aerides hystrix. 

A. " foliis linearibus basi angustioribus apice retusis, pedunculis elongalis 

apice congesto-multifloris." 
Dendrocolla hystrix. Blume I. c. 291. 

Hab. in Java, ad arbores circa Buitenzorg, Blume. 

Bracteae subulatae. Labelli limbus fornicatus, pubescens, interne cum 
appendiculo lamellate 

24. Aerides anceps. 

A. " caulibus ancipitibus, foliis lanceolatis mucronulatis, pedunculis fili- 

formibus apice paucifloris." 
Dendrocolla anceps. Blume I. c. 292. 
Hab. in Java, in elatis Salak, Blume. 
Flores albi(jo-flavescentes ; labelli limbo fornicato, hirsute. 

§ IV. Pilearia. Labellum pileiforme ; append iculd tabulari carnosd inths a 

dorso projiciente. 

25. Aerides appendiculatum. Wall. Cat. no. 731 5. 

A. foliis teretibus racemo flexuoso multo brevioribus, sepalis petalisque 
lineari-oblongis obtusis reflexis anticis duplb latioribus, columna elon- 
gata basi excavata pubescente, labelli pileati obtusi trilobi lobis omnibus 
brevibus intermedio complicato basi unicorni pubescente, callo magno 
tabulari a dorso calcaris projiciente. 

Hab. in Tavoy, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

An genus proprium ? Labellum omnino pileum conicum refert dorso intus 
appendiculatum, nee calcar adest ullum nisi apex pilei. Columna pe- 
tahs fere longitudine sequalis. Anthera et pollinia omnino Aeridis. 

§ V. Ornithochilus, Wallich. Labelli lamina biloba, dilatata, unguiculata. 

26. Aerides difforme. Wall. Mss. 

A. aeaule, foliis oblongis carnosis planis acutis apice levissime oblique 
bilobis, racemis strictis simplicibus foliorum longitudine, sepalis oblongis 
obtusis lateralibus majoribus obliquis, petalis linearibus obtusis, labelli 
cucullati lamina maxima biloba unguiculata : lobis rotundatis fimbriatis, 
calcare conico arcuato. 

Ornithochilus fuscus. Wallich. Jc. 

Hab. supra arboribus Napalicc, Wallich. (v. ic.) 

Folia 6 poll, longa, 2£ lata. Flores fusco-lutei, purpureo vittati, odorati, 
inter minores. " Labellum posticum, nitidum, incumbens, ungue cum 
basi columnar articulator calcare cylindrico, assurgente, viridescente, 
lamina breviore, fauce clausa villis copiosis albis ; lamina lata, retusa, 
reniformis cum cuspidula intermedia, subunguiculata, margine laciniato- 
fimbriata, lobis divaricatis verticalibus ; disco crista elongato-acuta 
longitudinali. Columna recta, crassa, purpurascens, brevissima, apice 
acuta, postice hamosa, antheram affigens. Anthera terminalis, obliqua, 
obtusa, postice producta, bilocularis ; pollinia duo, globosa, dura, pos- 
tice profuude biloba, membrana propria apici columns; affixa. Stigma 
obliquum, magnum, infra apicem columns;." Wall. Mss. 

VANDEiE. 243 


Schoenorchis. Blume Bijdr. 361. tabellen 23. Reinwardt in Bot. Zeit. 1825. 2. 4. 

Perianthium clausum. Sepala et petala labello mult?) minora. Labellum 
calcaratum, v. saccatum, basi eolumnae accretum, limbo obscure trilobo. 
Columna semiteres, aptera, basi bicornis, rostello cornuto. Anthera 
semibilocularis, cornuta. Pollinia 2, bipartibilia, globosa, caudicula 

filiformi, glandula parva hamata. Herbae epiphytae, caulescentes. 

Caules subramosi, teretes. Folia linearia v. subulata, carnosa. Spicae 
simplices v. ramosae. 

Character ex Blume. 

§ I. Labellum basi calcaratum ; limbus patens. Columna mediocrk. Bl. 

1. Scinenorchis juncifolia. Blume I. c. Reinw. I. c. 

S. " foliis subulatis basi canaliculatis, spicis intrafoliaceis simplicibus, 
labelli calcare incurvo." 

Hab. in Java, in sylvis montanis, Blume. 

§11. Labellum basi saccatum ; limbus erectus conicus . Columna brevissima. Bl. 

2. Schcenorchis micrantha. Blume I. c. Reinw. I. c. 

S. " foliis subulatis basi canaliculatis, spicis simplicibus axillaribus." 
Hab. in Java, irv sylvis montanis Gede, Salak, &c. Blume. 

3. Sch(enorchis paniculata. Blume I. c. 

S. '' foliis linearibus canaliculatis, spicis paniculatis axillaribus." 
Hab. in Java, circa Buitenzorg et in montanis Salak et Seribu, Blume. 


Aeranthus. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t.817. (Aug. 1824.) 

Perianthium connivens. Sepala acuminata ; lateralia majora, basi obliqua, 
ungui producto columna? adnata?. Petala paulb minora. Labellum 
integrum, cucullatum, calcaratum, petalis conforme, cum ungue co- 
lumnae articulatum. Columna brevis, in ovarium recumbens, apice 
alata. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, globosa, hinc perforata, cau- 

dicula nulla, glandulis duabus ! Herbae epiphytae, caulescentes. 

Folia disticha, emarginata. Scapi radicales, squamosi, uniflori. 

»• Aeranthus grandiflora. Lindl. I. c. 

A. pedunculis debilibus unifloris, columnae pede longius producto, calcare 

? Dendrobium arachnitis. Thouars. Orch. Aft. t. 88. 
? Aeranthus arachnitis. Lindl. I. c. 

Hab. in Madagascaria, Thouars, Forbes, {v. v. c.) 

Subacaulis. Folia undulata, tenera, apice alte oblique biloba. Pedunculi 
squamae angustae, sphacelatae, acutae, vaginantes. Sepala et petala vi- 
riclia, apice lutescentia, labellum album apice lutescens ; omnia acu- 
minata apice canaliculata. 

244 VANDE^E. 

I formerly thought Du Petit Thouars's Dendrobium arachnitis distinct 
from this, but a better acquaintance with the habits of tropical Orchideae 
has now induced me to cancel that supposed species. 

2. Aerantiius sesquipedalis. Lindl. 1. c. 

A. pedunculis rigidis bifloris, calcare longissimo filiformi. 

Angraecum sesquipedale. Tkouars. Orch. Afr. tt. 66 et 67. 

Hab. in Madagascaria, Thouars. 

Flores maximi in genere, albi. 


Cryptdpus. Lindl. in Rot. Reg. 817. (Aug. 1824J. Beclardia. Ach. Rich. Orch. 

Maurit. 78. (1828). 

Perianthium explanatum. Sepala libera, spatulata, requalia. Petalapaulo 
majora, unguiculata, lobata. Labellum calcaratum, basi columns con- 
natum, 4-partitum. Columna erecta, brevis, teres. Anthera 2-locu- 
laris. Pollinia 2, obovata, postice sulcata, caudiculis 2, apice excavatis, 

glandulis 2 dimidiatis villosis. Herba epiphyta, caulescens. Folia 

disticha, coriacea. Panicula; multiflora?, laterales. Flores speciosi. 
At the time when I first distinguished this genus I knew it only froni 
the figures and account of Du Petit Thouars ; I consequently took his 
characters upon trust. At a subsequent period having procured the plant 
from Mr. Prescott, 1 found that the pollen masses and the caudicula were 
not as Du Petit Thouars had represented them, but as I have now de- 
scribed them. At the very period of sending this to press Dr. Hookers 
excellent Botanical Miscellany has reached me, in which I have the satis- 
faction to find nearly the same structure represented as I had sketched in 
my herbarium and added to my notes some years since. 

1. Cryptopus elata. Lindl. I. c. Hooker in Bot. Misc. n. s. 1. p. 45. t. 115. 

Angraecum elatum. Thouars. Orch. tt. 79. 80. 
Beclardia alata. A. Rich. Orch. Maur. p. 78. /. 1 1./. 3. 
Limodorum dipterum. Tausch. in Sieber. Herb. Maur. no. 43. 

Hab. in insulis Madagascaria, Mauritio, Borbonia, Thouars, Sieber. (hab. s.sp- 
coram, eel. Prescott.) 


(Eonia. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 817. (Aug. 1824.) 

Perianthium explanatum, petalis sepalisque subaequalibus, liberis. Label- 
lum sessile, cucullatum, 3-lobuin, horizontale, calcaratum. Columna 
nana, erecta. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, postice 2-loba, caudicula 
nulla, glandulis duabus ! Herba? epiphytae, caulescentes. Folia cori- 
acea, disticha. Spica? oppositifolias, multiflorae. Flores speciosi. 

Character ex Thouarsio et Ach. Richardio. 

I. CEonia Auberti. Lindl. I. c. 

CE. longe caulescens, foliis ovalibus acutis, labello cucullato cuneato W* 

lobo cuspide intermedio obsoleto, calcare brevi conico. 
Epidendrum volucre. Thouars. Orch. t. 81. 
Hab. in Madagascaria, Thouars. 

VANDEyE. 245 

2. CEonia macrostachya. 

CE, foliis loratis canaliculatis obtusis oblique bilobis, labello cuculiato cu- 
neato sublacero bilobo cuspide intermedio obsolete), calcare conico medio 

Epidendrum macrostachys. Thenars. Orch. t. 83. 

Beclardia macrostachya. A. Rich. Orch. Maurit.p. 79. t. 11./. 2. 

Hub. in Borbonia et Mauritio, Thouars, Neraud. 

3. CEonia brachystachya. 

CE. subacaulis, foliis loratis apice obtusis leviter oblique emarginatis, 

racemo simplici paucifloro. 
Epidendrum brachystachyum. Thouars. Orch. t. 84. 
Beclardia brachystachya. A. Richard. Orch. Maur, p. 80. 
Hab. in Mauritio, Thouars. 


Angrsecum. Pet. Thouars Orch. Afr. passim. Aerobion. Spreng. Syst. 3. 716. 

Perianthium patens. Sepala et petala subaequalia, libera. Labellum ses- 
sile, cum basi columnae continuum, carnosum, indivisum, petalis multb 
latius ; calcare recto cornuto, saepius subcylindraceo, perianthio multb 
longiore, rar6 obconico. Columna nana, subteres, rarb elongata, semi- 
teres. Anthera 2-locularis, truncata. Pollinia 2, bipartibilia, caudicula 

brevi angusta, glandula triangulari. Epiphytse, caulescentes. Folia 

coriacea, ligulata, apice obliqua. Flores solitarii v. racemosi, albi, 
nunc citrini, v. herbacei. 

I am very slightly acquainted with the species of this genus, which 
requires a careful revision by some one in possession of the requisite 
materials. As it is now limited, it seems to be perfectly ; with the 
exception of the American species which perhaps do not belong to it. 

1. Angrsecum eburneum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 65. 

A. caule simplici, foliis coriaceis lucidis apice obliquis 7-striatis, spicis 
multifloris secundis, labello cordato subrotundo cuspidato basi jugo 
elevato cristato, calcare sepalo supremo parallelo ct dimidio longiore, 
ovario scabro. 

Limodorum eburneum. " Bory Voyage 1. 359. t. 19." Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 125. 

Angraecum eburneum. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. p. 71. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1522. 

Hab. in insulis Borbonia, Thouars Madagascaria, Forbes, (v. v. c.) 

2. ANGRiEciTM superbum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. tt. 62, 63, 64. 
Aerobion superbum. Spreng. I. c. 

Hab. in Madagascaria, Thouars. 

Mera videtur varietas praecedentis, labello mngis quadrato, nee aliter 
quantum video, diversa. 

3. Angb^cum crassum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. tt. JO et 71. 

A. foliis loratis apice obtusis oblique bilobis, racemis secundis horizonta- 
libus, sepalis petalisque minoribus acutis, labello ovato, calcare pendulo 
ovario breviore. 

Aerobion crassum. Spreng. I. c. 

Hab. in Madagascaria, Thouars. 

246 VANDEiE. 

4. Angr,ecum palmiforme. Thouars. Orch. Afr. tt. 68, 69. 

A. " caule erecto tereti basi nudo, foliis caulem coronantibus elliptico- 
oblongis bilobis obtusis, floribus magnis, laciniis patulis, labello concavo 
lanceolato acutissimo, calcare ascendente brevissimo." Ach. Rich. Orch. 
Maur. 72. t. 10. no. 1. 

Aerobion palmiforme. Spreng. I. c. 

Hab. in insula Borbonia, Thouars. 

Caulis 2-pedalis. Flores albi. 

5. Angr^cum gladiifolium. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 53. 

A. " foliis lanceolatis acutis distantibus, labello lanceolato acuto piano, 
calcare pedunculo subtriunciali paulb longiore." Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. 
p. 69. 

Orchis Mauritiana. Pair. Diet. 4. 601. see A. Rich. 
Aerobion gladiifolium. Spreng. I. c. 

Hab. in Borbonia et Mauritio, Thouars, Commerson, &.c. {hub. s. sp. com*. 
eel. Bonton.) 

6. Angrjeclm fragrans. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 54. Ach. Rich. I. c. 69. 
A. foliis loratis angustis obtusis oblique bilobis, petalis angustissimi9 de- 

curvis, labello ovali-lanceolato, calcare filiformi pendulo pedunculo 

dimidio breviore. 

Aerobion fragrans. Spreng. I. c. 

/3 A. recurvum. Thouars. I. c. t. 56. 

A. rectum. Idem t. 55. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. 70. 

Aerobion recurvum et rectum. Spreng. I. c. 

Hab. in Borbonia, Thouars. 

Folia loco These Borboniae indigenis utuntur, sub nomine faam seufahen. 
Ach. Rich. A. recurvum calcare longiore, foliisque longioribus tantum 
differre videtur j verosimiliter mera est varietas. 

7. Angr^cum filicornu. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 52. Ach. Rich. I. c. 68. 
A. foliis linearibus obtusis emarginatis, sepalis petalisque ovato-lanceolatis 

patentibus, labello ovato-lanceolato, calcare longissimo filiformi. 
Aerobion filicornu. Spreng-. I. c. 
Hab. in Borbonia, Thouars. 

8. AngrjECUM expansum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 57- Ach. Rich. I. C 7°- 
A. foliis lineari-loratis oblique bilobis, sepalis petalisque patentissimis 

lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis, labello ovato acuminato, calcare filiformi 

ascendente tripl5 longiore. 
Aerobion expansum. Spreng. I. c. 
Hab. in Mauritio et Borbonia, Thouars. 

9. Angrjbcum implicatum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 58. 

A. foliis brevibus oblongis obtusis obliqufc bilobis, sepalo supremo labello- 
que ovatis acuminatis ceteris partibus paulb majoribus, calcare longis* 
simo filiformi. 

Aerobion implicatum. Spreng. I. c. 

Hab. in Madagascaria, Thouars. 

VANDE2E. 247 

t 10. Angr^cum carpophorum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 76. 

Hab. in Mauritio, Thouars. 

Subacaule. Folia lorata, obtusa, oblique biloba. Racemi erecti, pauci- 
flori. Flores parvi. Calcar filiforme, fructu 3-angulari et 3-costato 
nunc longius nunc brevius. 

11. Angrjkcum triquetrum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 49. Ach. Rich. I. c. 67. 

A. subacaule, foliis lineari-loratis apice obtusis bilobis, pedunculis subra- 
dicalibus unifloris, sepalis petalisque angustis acuminatis, labello con- 
cavo acuto calcare dependente longiore, fructu obovato triquetro. 

Aerobion triquetrum. Spreng. I. c. 

Hab. in Mauritio, Thouars. 

12. ANGKiBcuM inapertum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 50. Ach. Rich. I.e. 67. 

A. subacaule, foliis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis, sepalis petalis labelloque 

acutis, calcare incurvo obtuso. 
Aerobion inapertum. Spreng. I. c. 
Hab. in Mauritio et Borbonia, Thouars. 

13. Angr^cum cucullatum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 48. 

A. " pusillum, foliis approximatis elliptico-angustis obtusis emarginatis, 

laciniis exterioribus calycis sequalibus patulis, labello cucullato subin- 

tegro orbiculato obtuso." Ach. Rich. I. c. 67. 
Aerobion cucullatum. Spreng. I. c. 
Hab. in Mauritio et Borbonia, Thouars. 
Parva species, supra corticeni arborum vegetans, calcare infundibulari 

obtuso labelloque magno orbiculato in genere insignis. An potius 

CEceocladeos species ? 

14. Angrjjcum pectinatum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 51. Ach. Rich. I. c. 68. 
t. 10. n. 5. 

A. " caule repente, ramis adscendentibus foliosis, foliis numerosis lineari- 
oblongis distichis approximatis carnosis obtusis, floribus axillaribus 
solitariis subsessilibus, sepalis labelloque patentibus oblongis (obtusis) 
subaequalibus, cornu rectiusculo ovario breviore." Hooker, in Bot. Misc. 
n. s. 1.47. t. 116. 

Aerobion pectinatum. Spreng. I. c. 

Hab. in Mauritio et Borbonia, Thouars, Boier, aliique. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. 

15. Angr^ecum caulescens. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 75. Ach Rich. I.e. 73. 
/ '.10. no. 3. 

A. " caule brevi, foliis paucis lato-linearibus distichis coriaceis, pedunculis 
elongatis paucifloris, sepalis oblongo-ovatis patentibus subaequalibus, 
labello cochleato acuminatissimo (acuminato), cornu incurvato (clavato) 
ovarium contortum subauquante." Hooker, in Bot. Misc. n.s. 1.48. t. 1 17. 

Aerobion caulescens. Spieng. I. c. 

Hab. in Mauritio, Thouars, Telfair, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 

16. Angrjscum multiflorum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 74. Ach. Rich. I.e. 73 
A. caulescens, ramuiosum, foliis brevibus loratis obtusU oblique bilobif 

May, 1833. k k 

248 VANDE.E. 

racemis subcorymbosis axillaribus foliis brevioribus, sepalis ovatis acutis, 
petalis conformibus minoribus, labello ovato acuto calcare horizontal 
incurvo obtuso aequali. 

Aerobion multiflorum. Spreng. I. c. 

Hab. in Borbonia, Thouars. 

17. Angr^ecum calceolus. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 78. Ach. Rich. I. c. 75. 
t. 10. n. 4. 

A. subacaule, foliis loratis obtusis bilobis valde obliquis, floribus panicu- 
latis, sepalis petalisque acuminatissimis, labello concavo acuminate- cal- 
care recto clavato horizontali duplb breviore. 

Aerobion calceolus. Spreng. I. c. 

Hab. in Borbonia, Commerson, Mauritio, Thouars. 

18. ANGRiBCUM capense. 

A. foliis radicalibus equitantibus subensiformibus obtusiusculis digitalibus, 
scapis flexuosis erectis digitalibus spithamaeisve, floribus secundis spi- 
catis, sepalis lanceolatis apice recurvis lateralibus hinc obtusk unidentatis, 
petalis brevioribus et angustioribus, labello lanceolato acuto basi bical- 
loso, calcare filiformi obtuso pollicari. 

Epidendrum capense. Linn, suppl. 407. 

Limodorum longicornu. Swartz. in Schrad. Diar. 1799. p. 230. Willd. Sp. PI- *• l 25, 
Tkunb. Flora Cap. 1. 73. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, in truncos arborum, Thunberg. 
Char, ex Thunb. j nusquam inveni. 

19. Angr.ecum filiforme. 

A. " aphyllum, radicans, pedunculis subtrifloris, labello ovato, cornu bre- 
vissimo apice capitato." S. 

Epidendrum filiforme. Sivartz. Prodr. 126. 

Limodorum filiforme. Swartz. Fl. Jnd. Occ. 3, 1523. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 127. 

Hab. in arborum ranios Hispaniolce, Swartz. 

Flores mhiuti, sordide lutei. 


Agrostophyllum. Blume B\jdr. 368. tabellen 53. 

Periantliium explanatum. Sepala lata, asqualia, lateralibus labello suppo" 
sitis. Petala linearia. Labellum cum basi columnar connatum, sacca- 
tum, medio constrictum, limbo truncato indiviso. Columna semitere», 
erecta. Anthera 2-locularis : loculis bipartitis. Pollinia 8, elouga**' 

cuneata, sessilia. Epiphyta, caulescens Folia linearia, acuminata 

Flores capitati, terminates, bracteis paleaceis cincti. 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Agrostophyllum Javanicum. Blume I. c. 

Hab. in Java.'m sylvis montanis provinciarum Buitenzorg et Bantam,Blume- 

VANDE^E. 249 


Calanthe. JR. Brown in Bot. Reg. 578. absque charact. (Oct. 1821"). Centrosis. Thouars. 

Orch. Afr. Amblyglottis. Blume Bijdr. 370 . tabellen 64. 

Perianthium explanatum, liberum, v. sepalis lateralibus labello paullulum 
adnatis, subasquale. Labellum cum columna connatum, lobatum v. in- 
tegrum, calcaratum v. muticum, disco lamellatum v. tuberculatum. 
Columna brevis, rostello saepius rostrato. Pollinia 8, basi valde atte- 

nuata, quaternatim glandulee bipartibili adhaerentia. Terrestres, 

scapis erectis multifloris. Folia lata, plicata. Flores albi, aut lilacini, 
raro lutei. 

1. Calanthe veratrifolia. R. Br. in Bot. Reg. t. 720. 

C. scapo stricto foliis oblongis acutis longiore, bracteis oblongis concavis, 
racemis densis multifloris, labello 4-lobo basi sulcato et glanduloso, cal- 
care filiformi pendulo labello paulb longiore. 

Flos triplicatus. Rumph. Amb. 6. /. 52./. 2. 
Orchis triplicata. Williviet. in list. Ann. 18. p. 52. 
Limodorura veratrifolium. Willi/. Sp. PI. 4. 122. 
? Amblyglottis flava. Blume Bijdr. 370. t. 64. 

Hab. in insulis Archipelagi Indici ; Java, Blume, Zeylona, Macrae, {hab. s. 
sp. et v. v. c.) 

Flores nivei. Varietatem habeo e Zeylona, triplo minorem, sepalis conni- 
ventibus, labello olivaceo medio sanguineo, et bracteis minoribus. 
Nescio an diversa sit species. 

2. Calanthe purpurea. 

C. scapo erecto foliis latis oblongis petiolatis acuminatis longiore, racemis 
laxis multifloris, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus nanis rotundatis p.iten- 
tibus intermedio angusto cuneato divergenti-bilobo, calcare ovario vix 

Hab. in Zeylona, in sylvis Peradeni?e, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 

Flores pallide purpurei • labello apice atropurpureo. 

An mera varietas C. masucts ? v. C. veratrlfolice ? 

3. Calanthe masuca. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7337. 

C. scapo erecto foliis latis oblongis petiolatis acuminatis longiore, racemis 
laxis multifloris, labello trilobo basi bicristato : lobis lateralibus inter- 
medio retuso transverso appressis, calcare pendulo clavato ovario pu- 
bescente duplo longiore. 

Zeduba masuca. Hamilt. Mas. 

Bletia masuca. Don. Prodr. Nep. 30. 

? Amblyglottis veratrifolia. Blume Bijdr. I. c. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich, Hamilton j Zeylona, Macrae ; Java ? Blume. 

(hab. s. sp. et v. ic. pict.) 
Flores pallide caeruleo-purpurascentes. Calcar unisulcatum. 

4. Calanthe emarginata. 

C. " foliis lato-lanceolatis, spica erecta pubente, labello basi calloso, limbo 
trilobo, lobo medio emarginato-spatulato, lateralibus minutis, calcare 
lineari compressiusculo ovarium aequante." 

Amblyglottis emarginata Blume I. e. 370. 



Hab. in Java, in sylvis primsevis montis Gede, Blume. 
Flores magni, violacei, callis labelli aurantiacis. 

5. Calanthe vestita. Wall. Cat. no. 7345. 

C. molliter villosa, scapis laxis multifloris, pedicellis filiformibus flexuosis, 
labelli lamina triloba : lobis lateralibus oblongis obtusis intermedio 
cuneato divergentibilobo inappendiculato, calcare filiformi inflexo la- 
bello breviore. 

Hab. in Tavoy, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Tnd.) 

5capus pedalis et ultra. Flores maximi generis. 

6. Calanthe sylvatica. 

C. scapo stricto foliis duplo longiore, raeemo laxo multifloro, labello basi 
cordato auriculato trilobo ore glanduloso lobo medio cuneato dilatato 
emarginato apiculato piano subconcavo, calcare arcuato ovario breviore. 

Centrosis sylvatica. Thouars. Orch. Aft. tt. 35. 36. 

Hab. in Mauritio et Borbonia, Thouars, Bouton, Sieber. (hab. s. sp. comm.cel. 

Flores magni purpurascentes. 

7. Calanthe plantaginea. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7346. 

C. scapo erecto basi laxfe et alte vaginato foliis subsequali, foliis petiolatis 
ovali-oblongis acutis, labello trilobo : lobis obovatis subaequalibus in- 
termedio basi sulcato, calcare filiformi horizontali apice bidentato, ovario 

Hab. in Napalia et Kamaon, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl Ind.) 

Flores pallida lilacini. 

8. Calanthe speciosa. 

C. " foliis lato-lanceolatis, spica erecta, sepalis interioribus rhomboideis, 
labello intus bicristato, limbo subtrilobo, lobo medio ovato emarginato 
cum mucrone, calcare clavato recto ovario breviore." 

Amblyglottis speciosa. Blume 371. 

Hab. in Java, in sylvis obscuris montanis provinciarum Bantam et Buiten- 
zorg, Blume. 

Flores aurantiaci. 

9. Calanthe pulchra. 

C. " foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, spica erecta, labello basi bituberculato, 
limbo semitrilobo, lobo medio ovato acuto, calcare subulato arcuato 
ovarium ffiquante." 

Amblyglottis pulchra. Illume 371. 

Hab. in Java, in sylvis montium Seribu, Blume. 

Flores pallidfe aurantiaci. 

10. Calanthe densiflora. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7344. 

C scapo laxe vaginato foliis multb breviore, racemis densis multiflon 8 
subcorymbosis, labello obovato obtuso bilobo ? cum columna elongaU 
parum connato, calcare longo recto pendulo apice clavato. 

Hab. in monies Sylhet, Wallich (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Foba sesquipedalia et ultra. Clinandrium marginatum. Flores lutei. 

VANDE.E. 251 

11. Calanthe clavata. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7343. 

C. scapo foliis breviore, racemo congesto cemuo longe bracteato, labello 
suborbiculato mucronato integerrimo basi bicalloso, calcare clavato 
sulcato recto. 

Hab. in Sylhet, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Folia angusta, cum caule bipedalia. 

12. Calanthe angustifolia. 

C. " foliis lineari-Ianceolatis cuspidatis, spica radicali, limbo emarginato 

undulato, calcare obtuso ovarium aequante." 
Amblyglottis angustifolia. Blume 369. 

Hab. in Java, in umbrosis montium provincial Buitenzorg, Blume. 
Flores albidi, labelli limbo intils sulphureo. 

13. Calanthe curculigoides. Wall. Cat. no. 7340. 

C. scapo crasso foliis dupld breviore, racemo denso multifloro, labello 
ovatoacuminato indiviso basi undulato, calcare gracili acuto apice incurvo. 
Hab. in Penang et Sincapur, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 
Folia bipedalia. Scapus pedalis. Flores inter minores. 

14. Calanthe striata. R. Br. in Bot. Reg. 578. 

C. labello trilobo subbicostato basi angustato : lobis lateralibus falcatis 
truncatis intermedio lineari cuneato emarginato, calcare brevi conico. 

Limodoi um striatum. Hanks Ic. Keempf. t. 2. Swartz. Nov. Act. Ups. 6. p. 70. Willd. 
Sp. PL 4. 123. 

Hab. in Japonia, Kaempfer. 

Differt a Limodoro striato Thunb. Jap. sec. Thunb. in Act. Soc. Linn. 2.327. 

15. Calanthe abbreviata. 

C. " foliis lanceolatis, spica erecta, labello basi cum tuberculo hirsuto, 

litnbi trifidi lobo medio semibifido, calcare obtuso minimo." 
Amblyglottis abbreviata. Blume 371. 

Hab. in Java, circa catarractas fluvii Tjikundul in montanis Gede, Blume. 
Flores albi. 

16. Calanthe brevicornu. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7338. 

c - racemis secundis, labelli lamina triloba : lobis lateralibus ovatis acutis 
intermedio cuneato bilobo lamellis 2 petaloideis in disco, calcare bre- 
v issimo, ovario pubescente. 
Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 
Scapus spithamaeus, foliis subaequalis. Flores lateritio-rosei albo vittati. 

*7- Calanthe gracilis. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7341. 

C. scapis gracilibus multifloris basi altd vaginatis, labello basi saccato 

trilobo bilamellato : lobis lateralibus acutis abbreviatis intermedio sub- 

rotundo crispo indiviso. 
Hab. in montes Sylhet, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 
folia angusta, cum caule ultra pedem longa. Scapus paul5 brevior. Flores 

parvi. Ovarium et basis sepalorum pubescentes. 

252 VANDEiE. 

18. Calanthe tricarinata. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7339. 

C. foliis oblongis scapo stricto laxe racemoso multb brevioribus, labello 
ecalcarato trilobo : lobis lateralibus oblongis obtusis nanis intermedio 
obovato crispo lamellis tribus petaloideis crenulatis in disco. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallkh. (hah. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Scapus fere sesquipedalis. 

19. Calanthe puberula. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7342. 

C. scapo foliis aequali laxe racemoso, braeteis lineari-lanceolatis ovario 
longioribus, sepalis ovatis lateralibus obliquis, petalis linearibus, labelli 
bastati inappendiculati ecalcarati lobis lateralibus subfalcatis intermedio 

Hab. in montes Sylhet, Wallkh. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Folia pedalia, angusta. Flores leviter pubescentes. 


Tipularia. Nutt. Gen. Amir. 2. 195. 

Perianthium patens. Sepala obovata, petalis conformibus latiora. Label- 
lum nanum, liberum, trilobum, longe calcaratum. Columna marginata, 
erecta, labello aequalis. Anthera bilocularis. Pollinia 2, bipartita, cau- 

dicula lineari, glandula parva transversa. Herba terrestris. Pseudo- 

bulbi caespitosi, raonophylli. Folium plicatum. Flores racemosi, 
(ebracteati sec. Nuttall.) 

1. Tipularia discolor. Nuttall. I. c. 

Orchis discolor. Pursh Ft. Am. Septentr. 2. 586. 

Hab. in pinetis sterilibus in America Septentrionalis provinciis australibus, 
Pursh, Nuttall. (v. s. sp. in herb. Lambert.) 

Folium unicum, ovatum, petiolatum, plicato-nervosum, glabrum, subtils 
purpurascens. Petiolus margine plicato-undulatus. Scapus pedalis, 
nudus, vagina una alterave instructus, teres, glaber. Flores laxe spi- 
cati, brevissime pedicellati, nutantes, tristi-seu ex viridi-purpurascentes. 
Petala oblonga, acutiuscula, flexuosa. Labellum petalis longius, mar- 
gine subundatum. Cornu adscendens, filiforme, flexuosum, purpureum. 

Pursh. N. B. Cel. Nuttall labellum integrum describit: sed certissimfe 

trilobum est in exemplaribus Herb. Lambert j an 2 species hie confusa- 


Limatodes. Blume Bydr. 375. tabellen 62. 

Perianthium erecto-patens, subaequale, liberum. Labellum liberum, in* 
divisum, calcaratum : limbo interne tumido. Columna erecta, semiteres. 
Anthera 2-locularis : loculis subquadrilocellatis. Pollinia 8, obovata, 

caudicula brevi filiformi, glandula minuta. Herba terrestris. Caules 

basi tumidi. Folia lato-lanceolata, nervosa, membranacea. PeduncuU 
laterales, solitarii, pauciflori. Flores albi. 

Character ex Blume. 


1. Limatodes pauciflora. Blume I. e. 

Hab. in Java, in sylvis opacis montis Salak, Blume. 


Glomera. Blume Bijdr. 372. tabellen 68. 

Perianthium clausum. Sepala lateralia latiora, carinata, labello supposita. 
Petala angustiora. Labellum liberum, indivisurn, saccatum, columnam 
amplectens. Columna brevis, carnosa, versus apicem dilatata. Anthera 
truncata, bilocularis : loculis incomplete bilocellatis. Pollinia 8, ovata, 

compressa, in glandulam sessilia Epiphyta cauleseens. Caules sim- 

plices, elongati, compressiusculi. Folia lineari-lanceolata, obliqufe 
emarginata, coriacea, glabra. Flores dense capitati, terminates, paleis 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Glomera erythrosma. Blume I. c. 

Hab. in Java, in arbores excelsos provinciarum occidentalium, Blume. 


Thelasis. Blume Bijdr. 385. tabellen 75. 

Perianthium clausum. Sepala basi connata. Petala libera minora. La- 
bellum liberum, ecalcaratum, indivisurn, concavum, columna parallelum. 
Columna semiteres, rostello elongato, cornuto. Anthera dorsalis, ros- 
trata, bilocularis. Pollinia 8, subglobosa, caudicula longa filiformi, 

glandula hamata. Epiphytae, sociales, glabra?. Folia subcarnosa, 

saepius pseudobulbis imposita. Flores in scapo radicali spicati, sessiles. 

Character ex Blume. 

1. Thelasis obtusa. Blume 386. 

T. " foliis e bulbis solitariis lato-linearibus oblique retusis, spica elongata." 
Hab. in Java, in arbores ad montem Pangoerangoe, Blume. 

2. Thelasis carinata. Blume I. c. 

T. " foliis distichis elongato-linearibus oblique" retusis inferne" carinatis, 

spica elongata." 
Hab. in Java, in sylvis Salak, Blume. 

3. Thelasis capitata. Blume I. c. 

T. " foliis in bulbos difFormes lineari-lanceolatis oblique retusis, floribus 

capitato-confertis demum laxe spicatis." 
Hab. in Java, in truncos montium Salak, Pantjar, &c. Blume. 



Note. The total number of Orchideous plants belonging to the Tribe 
Vandeae is as follows ; 

Described 477 
Doubtful 10 

Total 487 
Their geographical arrangement is thus : 

Names of the 

72. Nanodes . . . 

73. Aspasia . 

74. Ornitnidium . . 

75. Acriopsis . 

76. Trizeuxis . . . 
yj. Ornithocephalus . 

78. Cirrhsea . 

79. Sarcochilus . 

80. Maxillaria . . . 

81. Arpophyllum . . 

82. Bifrenaria . . . 

83. Dicrypta » 

84. Govenia . 

85. Alamania 

86. Psittacoglossuni . 

87. Cycnoches . . . 

88. Myanthus . . . 

89. Catasetura . . . 

90. Monachanthus . 
pi. Stanhopea . . . 

92. Gongora . . . 

93. Coryanthes . 

94. Anguloa . . . 

95. Peristeria . . . 

96. Eucnemis . . . 

97. Cymbidium . . . 

98. Acropera . . . 

99. Cremastra . . . 
too. Grammatophyllum 

101. Trichoceros . . 

102. Geodorum 

103. Sobralia . . . 

104. Acanthophippium . 

105. Doritis . 

106. Chelonanthera . 

107. Acanthoglossum . 

108. Sunipia . 

109. Calypso . . . 

110. Eulophia 

111. Dipodium . . . 

112. Gale ami ra . . . 

113. Zygopetalum . . 

114. Cyrtopodium . . 

115. Cyrtopera . . . 

116. Lissocliilus . 
U7. NotyUa . . . 

118. MasdevaUia . 

119. Cryptochilns . . 

120. Jonopsis . 



Names of the 

HI. Rodriguezia . 

122. Macradenia . . 

123. Cryptarrhena . 

124. Cuitlauzina . 

125. Oncidium . 

126. Fernandezia .' 

127. Pachyphyllum . 

128. Dichaea . 

129. Phymatidium '. 

130. Cyrtochilum . 

131. Odontoglossum 

132. Brassia . 

133. Tetrapeltis . 

134. Phalaenopsis . 

135. Trichoglottis . 
130. Telipogon . . 
137- Vanda . 

138. Renanthera .' 

39. Diplocentrum . 

40. Microsaccus . 
141. Camarotis 

|«- Chiloschista .' 
■43. Micropera . 
«• Saccolabium . 

«. Cleisostoma . 

47. Appendicula . 

8. Cryptogiottis . 

• Ceratostylis . 

"J. Eph lpp i nm 

I. Ceratochilus . 
52. Echioglossum . 

• Sarcanthus • 
•PodochUus . 

™i denonc os . . 

™- "Eceoclades . 
J 5 '- Aerides . 

58. Schoenorchis '. 
&■ Aeranthea . . 

to-£yptopus . 

"•Angnecmn / 

^Tipaiartl ; •. 
^•Lunatodes . . 
I 1 " 8 - Thelasig 









Tribe IV. Ophrydej:. 

ORCHiDE«,Tribus Ophrvdei. Lindl. Orch. Sceletos. 

Pollen in massas cereaceas (pollinia) innumeras cohaerens, axi arachnoidea 
elastica glandulae stigmatis agglutinata colligatas. Anthera terminalis, 

erecta v. resupinata, omnino persistens : loculis completis. Herbae 

omnes terrestres, foliis succulentis planis, quorum radicalia semper 
majora sunt, et sensim in vaginas caulis demumque bracteas transeunt. 
Flores omnium galeati. 

Artificial Analysis of the Genera. 
A. Anthera loculi contigui paralleli, basi nyllo modo elongati vel divaricati. 

* Glandules cucullo stigmatis iticluses. 

Glandula solitaria duo pollinia colligans. 
Glandulae duae. 

Cucullus solitarius. 

Labellum calcaratum, 
inappendiculatum , 

anticuiu. » 

posticum. -"..~" 

basi bilamellatum • 

Labellum ecalcaratum - 

Cuculli duo distincti. (Labellum convexum niuticum.) 

* * Glandula nudee, aut seminuda: 

Bases loculorum antherae truncati. 

Galea mutica. - 

Galea calcarata. - - - - 

Bases loculorum antherae in cucullum spurium bivalvem dilatati 

174. AcERAS. 

169. Orchis. 


170. a.nacamptis. 
200. Serapias. 
204. Ophrys. 

171. Gymnadehia. 

199. MoNADENIA. 

B. Anthera loculi sejuncti, basi divergentes, scepe elongati. 
* Glandules cucullis stigmatis inclusa?. 

Cuculli nudi, 

dimidiati. - 


Calcar infundibulare. 
Calcar vesicatum. 
Cuculli lobo antherae valvularum supertecti. 

August, ia<*5. I. 1 

178. Hemipilia. 

175. HoLOTHRIX. 

176. Glossaspis. 
172. Perularia. 
194. Bartholina. 



* * Glandules nudce. 

Sepala omnia saccata. - 

Sepala lateralia tantum saccata. - 

Sepalum supremum saccatum aut calcaratum. 
Anthera erecta. - 

Anthera resupinata v. horizontalis. 
Sepala omnia mutica; 
omnia connata. - 
lateralia connata. - 

lateralia libera. 

Labelli unguis faciei columnar adnatus. 
Labellum liberum : vel margine tantum columnae adnatum. 
Anthera stipite distincto inserta. 
Labellum posticum bicalcaratum. 
Labellum muticum. 

Antherae basis a brachiis stigmatis rostello 1 

crassissimo interceptus 
Antherse basis brachiis stigmatis sequalis 
Anthera sessilis. 
Stigma processubus 2 carnosis liberis auctum. 
Kostellum maximum liberum ; 
fornicatum. Perianth, galeat. 
planum. Perianth, campanulat. 
Rostellum parvjjni anthera? agglutinatum. 

Faux calcarisMente corneo canaliculato aucta. 
Faux inermis. 

Labellum a columna liberum. 
Labellum columnae adnatum. 
Stigma muticum, vel processubus suis adnatis. 
Labellum ab anthera petalisque liberum. 
Sepala campanula ta. 

Labellum calcaratum. 
Labellum inerme. - 

Sepala lateralia reflexa. 
Labellum calcaratum, 

basi planum, processubus o. 
basi excavatum, processubus adnatis. 
abellum inerme. - 
Labellum petalis obliquis connatum, 
calcaratum. - 
muticum. - 
Lab. cum anthera petalisque connatum 

205. Disperis. 
180. Saccioium. 

198. Disa. 
197. Repandra. 

183. Monotris. 
203. Corycium. 

202. Pterygodium. 

196. Satyrium. 

181. Pachites. 
201. Penthea. 

189. Bonatea. 

190. Diplomeris. 

188. Ate. 

187. Habenaria. 

191. Cynorchis. 

179. Peristylus. 
186. Herminium. 

177. Platanthera. 

182. CffiLOGLOSSUM. 

185. Aopla. 

192. Tryphia. 

193. Arnottia. 

195. BlCORNELU- 


Orchis. Linn. Sp. PI. Swartz. in Act. Holm. 1800, p. 205. Brown in Hort. Kew. 5, 188. 
Richard. Annot. in Orch. Europ. 

Flores galeati. Sepala subaequalia ; supremum cum petalis in fornic'S 
speciem connivens ; lateralia nunc convergentia nunc reflexa. Petala 
erecta sepalo subaequalia. Labellum anticum, calcaratum, integrum v- 
indivisuin, cum basi columnae connatum. Anthera erecta, loculis con- 
tiguis parallelis. Glandula3 poiliniorum 1, distinctaa, cucullo coinmuni 

(i. e. plicatura cucullata stigmatis s. rostelli) inclus*. -Herbs ter- 

restres, radicibus tuberculiferif, foliis plerisque radicalibus, tactu mol- 
libus, subsucculentis, saepfe maculatis. 

This genus, disembarrassed as it now is of a very large number of 
species, appears to form a truly natural assemblage j and this being the 
case, I think we may well excuse the minute characters by which it » 



defined j the more especially as those characters are easily discoverable on 
the recent plant by the most unskilful ; and it is to be supposed that those 
who attempt to examine dried specimens have a sufficient degree of skill 
for such an operation. 

Although the character taken from the number of glands to which the 
pollen masses adhere, is obscure, and often difficult to determine in dried 
specimens, yet it seems necessary to employ it, in order to exclude the 
Satyrium hircinum of Linnaeus, which is evidently a near ally in nature of 
Aceras anthropophora. Dr. Brown, indeed, retained the former species in 
Orchis, and he has been followed by myself in the Synopsis of the British 
Flora, and by Dr. Hooker in his British Flora. Nevertheless, considering 
the evident trace of a spur in Aceras anthropophora, the shortness of that 
of Satyrium hircinum, the complete accordance of these two species in other 
respects, and especially the evident unimportance of the spur, when very 
short, in Herminium, I think it most advisable, after a careful examination 
of all the species I know, to adopt Richard's idea of the genus Himantoglos- 
sum; a name, however, that I cannot, in common with continental writers, 
prefer to the more ancient one of Aceras; which can hardly be said to 
be objectionable because some species have spurs, inasmuch as such species 
form the exception to the general rule. 

It is usual to divide the species by the structure of their roots, a cha- 
racter unemployed in a similar manner in any other genus. Independently 
of the inconvenience of being unable, by such a mode of division, to arrange 
species, or determine specimens, the roots of which are unknown, there is 
the additional disadvantage in employing the roots for a principle of divi- 
sion, that very unnatural groups are formed ; for example, O. sambucina 
is separated from O. pallens, &c. &c. 

A better distinction exists in the direction of the sepals, of which either 
all converge, forming a sort of helmet, whence they may be called Militares, 
or the two lateral sepals diverge, as in O. mascula and its allies. By this 
means the genus is divided into two groups, each of which is so natural, 
that it may almost be doubted whether they are not distinct genera. 

§ 1. Masculs. Sepalis lateralibus reflexis v. patentibus. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1701. 

* Labello indiviso ; v. tantum lacero ; v. obsoletissime trilobo. Sp. 1—6. 
* * Labello 3-4-fido. Sp. 7— 21. 

§ 2. Militares. Sepalis conniventibus galeam referentibus. Lindl. 1. c. (Herorchjs.) 

* Labello indiviso. Sp. 22—24. 
** Labello trilobo. Sp. 25— 31. 

* * * Labello 4-fido v. 4-partito ; mucrone inter crura media semper mterjecto. 
Sp. 32— end. 

§ 1. Mascula. Sepalis lateralibus re/lexis v. patentibus. 
* Labello indiviso ; v. tantum lacero ; v. obsoletissime trilobo. 

I have placed in this section all the species in which the laceration of 
the margin of the lip, of whatever degree, does not regularly take the form 
of three distinct and well defined lobes. And I have referred to the next 
section all those which, like O. pallens and sambucina, have often a nearly 
entire lip, but with a manifest tendency to divide, into three lobes. 

1 • Orciijs salina. Tourtchaninqf MSS. 

O- foliis lineari-lanceolatis erectis, spica laxiflora, sepalis angustis obtusis 


lateralibus longioribus, labello rhomboideo crenato subtrilobo acuminato 
pubescente calcare pendulo acuminato breviore, bracteis herbaceis lineari- 
lanceolatis florum longitudine, tuberculis palmatis. 

Hab. in Sibiria, in locis subsalsis prope pagum Uburun, Tourtchaninoff, 
(hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Prescott.) 

Caulis gracilis vix spithama;us. Flores minores quarn in 0. latifolia varie- 
tate ulla. Huic affinis est, sed statura exili labello et calcare acuminato 
diversissima est. 

2. Orchis iberica. Bieberst. in Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 25. 

O. foliis ensiformibus erectis in caulem ascendentibus, spica laxa angusta 
multiflora, sepalis anguste ovatis obtusis patulis, labello subquadrato 
pubescente emarginato mucronato calcaris penduli filiformis longitudine, 
bracteis herbaceis lineari-lanceolatis floribus brevioribus, tuberculis 
elongatis apice bi-tripartitis. 

O. angustifolia. Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cam. 2, 368. 

Hab. ad rivulos Caucasi orien talis subalpini ; necnon in Tauria meridionali 
florens Junio, Bieberstein ; circa Constantinopolim Domina listen, (hab. 
s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 

Facies fere O. laxiflorce floribus minoribus, et magis aggregatis. 

3. Orchis latifolia. Linn. I Sp. PI. 1334. 

O. foliis erectis lanceolatis acutis laxe vaginantibus, spica cylindracea mul- 
tiflora, sepalis ovatis acutiusculis, labello rhomboideo vel oblongo cre- 
nato nunc leviter trilobo lateribus deflexo line& cordiformi notato, calcare 
pendulo cylindraceo v. conico, bracteis herbaceis acuminatis flore sspius 
longioribus, tuberibus palmatis. 

a. vera; floribus majoribus, labello latiore calcari sequali, foliis immacu- 

O. latifolia. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 28. Fl. Danka. t. 2(56. De Cand. Fl. Ft: 3, 251. &%• 
Bot.t. 2308. Hooker, Fl. Lond.c.ic. Smith, Eng. Fl. 4, 21. Rchb. FL Excurs. l-°- 
Plantce Critical, 6, t. 564. Mayrhof. Dissert, p. 24. 

/3. indica ; floribus majoribus, labello rotundato sublobato calcare ovarium 

aequante breviore. 
O. Hatagirea. Don. Prodr. Fl. nep. 23. Wallich. Cat. JYo. 7062. 
y. cruenta ; floribus minoribus, labello acutiore calcare breviore, to > ls 

macula tis. 

O. cruenta. Mull. Fl. Danica. t. 8/6. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 29. 
O. haematodes. Rchb. Fl. Excurt. 126. 

o. conica ; calcare magis conico, bracteis brevioribus, spica laxa pa u 

O. latifolia. Sommerfeldt I in Wahl. Fl. Suec. Supp. 

O. cruenta. Rchb. I FL Excurs. 127. " Rochb. Bann. t. \,Jig. 1." fide Rchb. 

t. angustifolia ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis. 

O. angustifolia. Lois. Fl. Gall. Rchb. PL Crit. 9, t. 848. . 

O. divaricata. Rich. Mcrat . FL Paris ed. 2. 2. p. 94. De Brebiss. Act. Soc. Linn. Calvados. 

p. 373. ' 

O. coniosa. Scop. Corn. Xo. 1 120. 

£. atropurpnrea ; calcare apice dilatato, floribus bracteisq. atropurpurcis. 
O. atropurpnrca. Tausch. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. p.™. 


Hab. per omnem Europam frigidiorem et Asiam cistropicam in pratis, 
sylvis dumetisque ; a. Ins. Fieroe Lyngbye ; /3. Gossainthan, Shalrna, 
Choor, Peer Punjal Royle ; y. Norvegia, Pyrenaeis, Mont. Hirnalayens. 
Royle ; Z. Nordlandia, Sommerfeldt, Lapponia Curling, Monte Sarko 
Hungariae ; e. prope Fallesiam et per omnem Germaniam, (y: v. sp. et hab. 
s. sp.) 

It is after a most careful examination of specimens that I have deter- 
mined upon combining the above supposed species. Although they do 
appear in extreme cases to be distinct, I nevertheless am quite at a loss 
for any precise character by which they can be defined with anything like 

certainty. 0. cruenta of Flora Danica has smaller flowers than what I have 

considered the true O. latifolia, and its spur is perhaps a trifle longer ; but the 
latter circumstance can, I think, be esteemed but of slight importance in 

a case where the habit of both is so very similar. Of the O. cruenta of 

Reichenbach I have seen authentic specimens from Mount Sarko in 
Hungary, in the Herbarium of Dr. Von Martins ; they agree precisely with 
specimens gathered in Nordland by Sommerfelt, and preserved in Dr. 
Lehmann's collection, and seem to me a more Alpine or Northern state of 
0. latifolia ; indeed, with the exception of the rather shorter bracts, and 
more conical spur, I can make out nothing like a specific character for it ; 
and I find all that relates to the spur and lip so much subject to variations, 
between which no limits can be seen, that I am compelled, in this 

species, to pass them by. 0. Hatagirea is, I conceive, the Indian form 

of the species ; it has entirely the habit of the European 0. latifolia, and, 
like it, seems to produce a smaller flowered form, which may be compared 
to 0. cruenta ; its lip is sometimes round, and scarcely lobed, sometimes 
slightly three-lobed : in Mr. Royle's Herbarium is a suite of specimens 
completely connecting both those states. 

In Smith's Herbarium is a specimen gathered near Tangier by Durand, 
which is very like this species in a gigantic state ; but which has the 
lip three-lobed, as in 0. maculata, and is possibly O.foliosa. 

It is probable that this plant varies in other ways. I have a Russian 
specimen, which has a rhomboidal crisped lip, with the habit of 0. sam- 
bucina, and which is either this or a new species ; and I have a thing from 
Irkutsk which, without being exactly 0. latifolia, is not O. maculata. 

4 - Orchis majalis. Rchb. PI. Crit. VI. 770. 

0. foliis patentibus oblongis acutis laxe vaginantibus, spica crassa oblonga, 

sepalis obtusis, labello orbiculato lacero-crenato piano macula cordi- 

formi notato calcare cylindraceo conico breviore,bracteis herbaceis ovato- 

lanceolatis flore longioribus, tuberculis palmatifidis. 
0. majalis. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. 126. Mayrhof. Dissert, p. 24. 
Hab. in Germania; prope Dornbach Jacquin {hab. s. sp. comm. eel. 


Differt ab. O. latifolia : foliis oblongis patentibus plerumque nigro aut rubro 
maculatis subtus glaucescentibus, caule humiliore, spica crassiore, flori- 
bus majoribus saturatius rubris aut purpureis ; et praeeipue tempore flo- 
rendi in eodem loco multo praecociore. 

1 quote Reichenbach's figure upon his own authority ; but I must con- 
fess it is very unlike the plant I have described, for which I am indebted 
to Baron Jacquin. 

262 ophrydejE. 

5. Orchis sesquipedalis. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 30. 

O. " labello obovato lateribus reflexo emarginato dentato, petalis superi- 
oribus acutis conniventibus, cornu cylindraceo germen subsquante, 
bracteis lanceolatis flore longioribus." Willd. 

O. latifolia ? Link. MSS. 

Hab. in Lusitania, Link. 

Radix palmata. Caulis sesquipedalis. Folia lato-lanceolata. Spica flo- 
ribus alternis remotiuseulis. Labellum indivisum obovatum lateribus 
reflexum apice emarginatum, margine acute dentatum. Cornu fere lon- 
gitudine germinis cylindraceum crass um. Willd. 

6. Orchis saccata. Tenore, Append. Prima. 65. 

O. foliis radicalibus ovato-oblongis aeutis patentibus caulinis minoribus 
vaginantibus, spica laxiflora, sepalis obtusis, labello oblongo obtuso 
crenato calcare crasso pallido pendulo longiore, bracteis herbaceis florum 

O. collina. Hanks. MSS. in Herb. Smith. 

O. saccata. D'Urville in Act. Soc. Linn. Par. 1, 375. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. 122. 

Hab. in Europa Justrali; in Colchide, D'Urville ; Sicilia, Gussone, Lucanis 
pratis montosis, Tenore, prope Tergestum, Rchb. etiam in Barbana, 
prope Algerian^ Broussonet (hab. s. sp. comm. cell. Tenore, Tineo tl 

Folia inaculata. 

* * Labello 3-4-Jido, v. distincte trilobo. 

7. Orchis aristata. Fischer in Litt. 

O. foliis ovato-lanceolatis acutis caule subdipbyllo longioribus, spica ovat 
densiflora, sepalis acuminatissimis, labello ovato acuto levissime versus 
apicem trilobo lateribus deflexo, calcare crasso pendulo labello longiore? 
bracteis herbaceis acuminatis floribus longioribus, tuberculis paluiatis. 

Hab. in Unalaschka, Fischer (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Fischer.) 

Intermediate, as it were, between O. latifolia, from which it differs in j | 

acuminate sepals and in stature, and O. sambucina, which is equally «' 

tinguished by the same character. 

8. Orchis sambucina. Linn. ! Sp. PI. 

O. foliis obovato-oblongis obtusissimis in caulem ascendentibus, spi 
densa oblonga, sepalis obtusiusculis, labelli obsolete trilobi rotunda 
lobo intermedio angustiore, calcare pendulo inflato labello duplb lp 11 !!? ^ 
ovarium aequante, bracteis foliaceis oblongis acutis floribus longi° nD ' 
tuberculis palmatis. 

a. floribus ochroleucis. 

O. sambucina. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 50. Jacq. Fl. Austr. t. 108. Rchb. Pi. Crit. 9, '• 8 ° 9, 

/3. floribus purpureis. 

O. incarnata. Linn. Sp. PL Willd. p. 50. 

O. Schlekheri. Sweet Fl. Garden, 2, 199. 

O. sambucina. /3. incarnata. Rchb. PL Crit. 9, t. 810. 

O. Traunsteineri. Sou*. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. !i?. 

Hab. per omnem Europam meridionalem et mediam ; etiam in Jutland, 
Hb. llorncm. Scania, Fries (hab. s. sp.) 


9. Orchis pallens. Linn. 

O. foliis obovato-oblongis obtusissimis in caulem ascendentibus, spic-A 
densa oblonga, sepalis ovatis obtusis, labelli rotundati trilobi lobis 
ajqualibus integris, calcare horizontali recurvo inflato labello duplb 
longiore, bracteis membranaceis lineari-lanceolatis floribus brevioribus, 
tuberculis indivisis. 

O. pallens. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 27. Jacq. Fl. Austr. 1, t. 45. Rchb. PI. Crit. 9, t. 808. 

opt. Fl. Excurs. 122. 
O. sulphurea. Bot. Mag. t. 2569. 

Hab. in Europa media {hah. s. sp.) 

10. Orchis pseudo-sambucina. Tenore Synops. ed. 1, p. 82. Fl. Neap, 
vol. ii. p. 284, t. 86. 

O. foliis linearibus spathulatis obtusis subundulatis in caulem ascendenti- 
bus, spica cylindracea laxiuscula, sepalis ovatis obtusis, labelli latioris 
quam longi trilobi lobis subaequalibus integris, calcare gracili horizontali 
labello duplb longiore, bracteis foliaceis lanceolatis acutis floribus lon- 
gioribus, tuberculis palmatis. 

0. romana. Sebast. et Maur. Rom. PL Fasc. 2, t. 3. Fl. Rom. Prodr. 308, /. 9. Rchb. Fl. 

Excurs. 126. 
0. bracteata. Tenore, Fl. Neap. Prodr. p. 52, non Willd. 

Hab. in Italia dustrali, Tenore ; etiam in Tauria Stephan ; et Iberia ? Prescott 
(liab. s. sp.) 

Differt ab 0. sambucina calcare graciliore horizontali, et ab 0. pallenle 
bracteis longis foliaceis tuberculisque. Variat floribus rubris. 

11. Orchis provincialis. Balbis Misc. t. 2. 

O. foliis lanceolatis omnibus radicalibus, spica laxa, sepalis ovato-oblongis 
obtusis, labelli latioris quam longi pubescentis trilobi crenulati lobis 
lateralibus acutis intermedio truncato subemarginato, calcare gracili 
ascendente apice inflato labello triplo longiore, bracteis membranaceis 
apice subulatis floribus brevioribus, tuberculis indivisis. 

0. provincialis. I)e Cand. Synops. Fl. Gall. p. 169. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. p. 122. Tenore. 

Syll- p. 456. 
0. Cyrilli. Tenore, App. Prima. 64. Fl. Neap. vol. ii. p. 287, t. 87. 

P- pauciflora ,• floribus majoribus, labello magis pubescente, foliis im- 

0- pauciflora. Tenore, I. c. Fl. Neap. vol. ii. p. 288, t. 88. Syll. p. 456. 

Hab. in regno Neapolitano ; ft. in nemoribus montosis Stabiarum regionis 

editioribus, et in Lucania, Tenore (hab. s. sp. comm. cell. Tenore et Tineo, 

^ v. v. c.) 

Differt ab O. pallente foliis acutis, labello, et calcare duplo longiore gra- 
cili arcuato apice inflato. 
I have authentic specimens from Professor Tenore of his O. pauciflora, 

which certainly has, as he states in his Sylloge, a broad, convex, hairy 

"P ; but I cannot think it more than a variety of O. Cyrilli from 

Mountainous places. 

12. Orchis canariensis. 

O- foliis oblongis acutis in caulem ascendentibus et acuminantibus, spica 
laxiuscula, sepalis petalisque ovato-oblongis acutis, labelli oblongi medio 
pubescentis leviter trilobi lobo medio truncato crispulo lateralibus multo 


majore, calcare crasso obtuso labello breviore, bracteis membranaceis 

apice subulatis floribus brevioribus, tuberculis indivisis. 
Hab. in rupestribus elatioribus Los Organos dictis supra vallem Oratava, 

Webb et Berthelot (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Webb.) 
Facies fere O. mascula, calcare brevi crasso abunde diversa. Flores vero- 

similiter purpurei. 

13. Orchis foliosa. Solayid. MSS. Lowe, Prim. Fl. Mader. p. 13. 

O. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis laxe vaginantibus, spica oblonga 
inultiflora, sepalis ovatis acutis, labello latiore quam longo obsolete 
trilobo piano : laciniis lateralibus emarginatis intermedia acuta multo 
majoribus, calcare pendulo cornuto labello duplo breviore, bracteis her- 
baceis acuminatis flore saepe longioribus, tuberculis palmatis. Lindky 
in Bot. Reg. t. 1701. 

Hab. in sylvis dumetisque Madera, Lowe (exam. v. cult, et s. sp. in herb. 

Omnino 0. latifoliam refert } sed omnibus partibus major est, labello 
piano manifesto trilobo nee rhomboideo, calcare breviore gracihore, 
caule elatiore. 

14. Orchis mascula. Linn. ! Sp. PI. 

O. foliis oblongis obtusis omnibus radicalibus, spica laxa multiflora, sepalis 
oblongis obtusis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus divergentibus subintegns 
intermedio emarginato subaequalibus, calcare horizontali obtuso labello 
longiore, bracteis apice subulatis floribus brevioribus, tuberculis in- 

O. mascula. Eng. Bot. 9, /. 631. 

/3. labello minus fisso. 

O. ovalis. Schm. fide Reichenbachii. 

Hab. in pratis per omnem Europam septentrionalem vulgatissima, (v. «?• *P-> 
Variat floribus incarnatis albidisque. 

15. Orchis parvifolia. Chaubard in Amans, Fl. Agen. 369, t. 7- 

O. ** foliis lineari-lanceolatis canaliculars, spica densa, calcare* c0 ^ K . 

obtuso ovario duplo breviore, labelli trilobi lobis crenulatis rotun aI 

intermedio pauld longiore et angustiore, sepalis divaricatis." Chau ■ 
Hab. in pratis humidis Gallia meridionalis, Chaubard. 
Flores purpurei ; labellum albidum maculis purpureis punctatum. 1 

cula oblonga. Facies 0. mascula, qua dift'ert floris forma et ■ 

canaliculatis. Chaub. 

16. Orchis brevicornu. Viviuni, Fl. Ital. Fragm. t. 12,/. 2. 

O. " labio trilobo denticulato, calcare conico obtuso ovario tripld brevi . ? 
sepalis acutiusculis exterjoribus reflexis, foliis lineari-lanceolatis. & 
Fl. Excvrs. p. 123. 

Hab. in Italia, Viviani. 

O. mascula: proxima, imprimis calcare brevi distincta, spica etiam lax&- Rc 

Possibly the same as 0. parvifolia. 

ophrydejE. 265 

17. Orchis stabiana. Tenore ! Syll. H. Nap. p. 453. 

O. foliis lanceolatis omnibus radicalibus, spica laxa multiflora, sepalis 
acuminatis, labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus divergentibus subdentatis 
intermedio truncato emarginato duplo brevioribus, calcare horizontali 
obtuso labello longiore, bracteis apice subulatis floribus brevioribus. 

Hab. in nemoribus Stabiarum, Tenore (Jiab. s. sp. comm. eel. Tenore.) 

Folia laete virentia nee pallida, immaculata. Labelli lobus medius concolor. 
Flores odori. Tenore. 

This looks like O. speciosa more than O. mascula, but differs entirely in 
the form of the lip. 

18. Orchis patens. Desf. Fl. Atl. 2, p. 318 t. 248. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 19. 
O. foliis omnibus radicalibus angustis spathulatis acutis, spica laxiflora, 

sepalis ovatis obtusis, labelli trilobi oblongi plani laciniis lateralibus 
divergentibus crenatis truncatis abbreviatis intermedia cuneata triden- 
tata, calcare crasso obtuso pendulo labello breviore, bracteis linearibus 
apice subulatis membranaceis ovario brevioribus. 
Hab. in Atlantide, Desfontaines {exam. s. sp. in Hb. Lehmann.) 

19. Orchis speciosa. Host. FL Austr. 2, 527. Mayrh. Dissert. 6. 

O. foliis oblongis obtusis omnibus radicalibus, spica multiflora, sepalis 
acuminatis, labelli subrotundi crenulato-incisi trilobi lobis omnibus ap- 
proximatis intermedio rotundato integro bifidove, calcare horizontali 
obtuso labello aequali, bracteis apice subulatis floribus brevioribus, 
tuberculis indivisis. 

O. mascula. Jacq. Miscell. 2, 375, t. 180, et verosimiliter Willd. Sp. PL 4, 18, pluri- 

morumque aliorum. Rchb. PL Crit. 6, t. 563, mala. Fl. Excurs. p. «?. 
O. signifera. Vest, in Hb. Martii. 18 

Hab. in pratis pascuisque Austrice (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Jacquin.) 
rolia, uti et caulis ipse, punctis maculisque atropurpureis apud nos saepe 
numerosissimis, rarihs paucis notata. Flores speciosi in spicam longam 
formosam collecti, ex rabro purpurei, rariils albi. Labellum subquadri- 
fidum, rarius trifidum, punctatum, laciniae obtusa? modice reflexae, media 
plus minus emarginata, labelli discus villosus. Mayrhofer. 
My specimens of this plant from Baron von Jacquin have altogether the 
habit of O. mascula j from which, however, they seem to differ essentially 
>n the very taper pointed sepals, and in the form of the lip. It may, how- 
ever, be doubted whether it is anything more than a variety of O. mascula. 

20. Orchis laxiflora. Lam. Encycl. 4, 553. 

O. foliis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis in caulem ascendentibus, floribus dis- 
tantibus, sepalis obtusissimis, labelli subcrenati trilobi lobis lateralibus 
rotundatis cum intermedio emarginato confluentibus, calcare horizontali 
labello subaequali, bracteis lanceolatis floribus subaequalibus, tuberculis 

O- laxiflora. Reichenbach, FL Excurs. 1, 122. 

J* ensifolia. Vill. Delph. 2, 29. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 25. 

"•Palustris. Jacq. Ic. Rar. 1, *. 181. Willd. Sp. PL A, 26. Rchb. PL Crit. <J, /. 831. 

O- Tabernaemontani. Gmel. sec. Rchb. 

u - mediterranea. " Gussone, PL Rar. p. 235." sec. Tenore. 

Hab. per omnem Europam merldionalem vulgaris j etiam in Gotilandia, 
Fr ies ; et prope Gorenki, Prescott (hab. s. sp.) 
September, 1835. m m 


Species caule folioso, foliis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis, et spica gracili 
laxa distinctu facillima. Labelli lobi nunc leviores nunc profutuliores ; 
vix autem varietates indicant, occurrunt enim in eodem individuo. 

21. Orchis maculata. Linn. ' Sp. PL 

O. caule gracili, foliis lineari-oblongis obtusis remotis superioribus sensim 
diminutis acuminatis, spica densa conica v. cylindracea, sepalis ovatis 

.• acutis, labelli plani subcuneati apice trilobi lobis omnibus acutis : latera- 
libus subcrenulatis intermedio acuto latioribus, calcare gracili pendulo 
labelli longitudine, bracteis lineari lanceolatis acuminatis herbaceis flo- 
ribus aequalibus, tuberculis palmatis. 

O. maculata. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 31. Fl. Dan. t. 933. Eng. Set. t. 632. Hooker, Fl. 
• Lond. c. ic. Rchb. Plant. Crit. 6, t. 566. Fl. Excurs. 126. Mayrh. Dissert. 23. 
O. tetragona. Heuffelin Hot. Zeit. 1833, No. 23, bracteis pauld longioribus. 

Hab. per omnem Europam temperatam et frigidiorem ; Islandia, Mark in 
Hb. Hornem. (hab. s. sp. et v. v. sp.) 

§ 2. Militares. Sepalis conniventibus galeam referentibus. (Hebobchis.) 

* Labello indiviso. 

22. Orchis rubra. Jacq. Ic. Ear. 1, t. 183. 

O. scapo basi praecipue folioso, foliis lineari-lanceolatis acutis arete vagi- 
nalis, sepalis oblongis acutis, labello crenulato unguiculato calcan 
conico incurvo pendulo sequali. 

a. labello rhombeo acuto. 

O. rubra. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 24. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. p. 123. 
O. papilionacea. Bot. Reg. t. 1 155, et plurium auctorum. 

/3. labello rotundato, saepe latiore quam longo. 

O. expansa. Tenore, Sylloge,p. 455. 

? O. papilionacea. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 24, aliorumque. 

O. papilionacea. Fl. Grate, t. 928. 

Hab. in Europa Australi ; a. per omnem Italiam ; /3. in regno Neapolitan!), 

Tineo, Creta, Zuccarini, Grcecia, Sibthorp, Sicilia, Gussone, (hab. s. sp- rf 

v. v. cult.) 
Statura palmaris ad pedalem et ultra. Folia acuta, saepe subundulata, 

circa radicem praecipue ordinata, vaginis arctis. Bracteae roseae floribus 

fere aequales. Flores sanguinei, venosi, magni. 
Varietas /3. nullo modo distinguenda est nisi labello obtuso rotundato et 
. quasi unguiculato ; Verae O. papilionacea? tantum accedit, praesertim 

exemplaribus creticis, ut dubius omnino haereo an revera sint gpecies 


23. Orchis papilionacea. Linn.! Sp. PI. 1331. 

O. scapo undique folioso, foliis laxe vaginantibus, sepalis oblongis acutis, 

labello maximo venis flabelliformibus denticulato calcare gracili recto 

pendulo longiore. 
O. papilionacea. Dcsf. Fl. All. 2,316. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. p. 123. 
Hab. in Hispania, Alstrbmer ; Lusitania, Langsdorff ; Algeria, Desfontaine* ; 

(v. s. sp. in Hb. Linn. Smith et Bentham) 
O. rubra proxima, labello lato rotundato sessili magis regulariter dentate 

venis flabelliformibus semper in denticulo desinentibus tantum t" 5 * 

tinguenda. Caulis nunc 3-uncialis, nunc pedalis. 


24. Orchis spectabilis. Linn. Sp. PL 1337. 

O. foliis binis oblongis obtusis scapi longitudine, bracteis foliaceis floribus 
longioribus, labello lanceolato calcari clavato pendulo aequali. 

0. spectabilis. Wtlld. Sp. PL 4, 36. Pursh. Fl. Am. Sept. 2, p. 587. Beck, But. of North 

and Middle States, p. 347. 
0. humilis. Michaux, 
Habenaria spectabilis. Spreng. Syst. 3, 689. 

Hab. in America Septentrionuli ; sylvis umbrosis a Canada ad Carolinam, 
Beck, Goldie, Pursh. (hab. s. sp.) 

Species nulli affinis ; labellum albidum ; sepala viridi-purpurea. 
* * Labello trilobo. 

25. Orchis coriophora. Linn. ! Sp. PL 1332. 

0. foliis lineari-lanceolatis acutis sursum evanescentibus, spica elongata, 
sepalis in galeam agglutinatis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis, labello tri- 
lobo calcari conico aequali : laciniis lateralibus deflexis intermedia lanceo- 
lata multd brevioribus. 

0. coriophora. Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cane. 2, 363, et verosimititer auctorum plurium. 

O. cassidea. Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cauc. 3, 600. 

O. Polhniana. Spreng. 

0. fragxans. Pollini. Rckb. Fl. Excurs. 124. 

Hab. in Europa Australiore ; et Taurine meridionalis udis, Bieberstein ; 
montosis Dalmatian ,- Monspelii, Delile ; Tergesti, Agardh, Romse et 
Florentiae, Strangways ; Calabria et Apulia, Sieber ; necnon in Barbaria, 
Desfontaines (hab. s. sp.) 

* lores sordide purpurei, fuscescentes. Petala tota in cucullum cordato- 

lanceolatum acutum cohasrentia : apiculis tantummodo brevissirais con- 

niveatibus liberis. Labelli faux purpureo-punctata. Bieberst. 

Quite distinct from O. cimicina, in its long sepals, which form a compact 

upper lip, and in the long spur, which is fully equal to the lip in length. 

It does not dry of the sooty colour of 0. cimicina ; and its flowers are sweet 

scented. Reichenbach distinguishes three varieties, but they are of no 

importance. Steven (Observ. in PL Rossicas. p. 64) seems to consider 

O. cassidea distinct from O. coriophora; whence I conclude that by the latter 

name he means O. cimicina, which is, therefore, found in Iberia and 


26. Orchis cimicina. Crantz. Stirp. Austr. 6, 498. 

O. foliis lineari-lanceolatis acutis sensim decrescentibus, spica oblonga, 

sepalis in galeam conniventibus ovatis obtusis siccatione fuliginosis, 

labello trilobo calcare incurvo duplo longiore : laciniis lateralibus 

deflexis intermedia integra pariim brevioribus. 
O. coriophora. mild. Sp. PI. 4, 16? Jacq. Fl. Austr. t. 122. Rchb. Plant. Crit. VI. 

773. Fl. Excurs. 123. Mayrhofer, Dissert. 18. 
Hab. in Gallia et Austria ; etiam in Iberia et Caucaso cisalpino, Steven (hab. 

>• sp. comm. illustr. Jacquin.) 
Spica brevis, densa, triste ferrugineo-purpurea. Flores non magni fceto- 

rem spargunt vere cimicinum. Sepala sordide rubentia arete connivent. 

Mayrh. Labium rubro-punctatum lobis oblique truncatis virentibus, 

calcar roseum. Rchb. 

Generally confounded with O. coriophora, from which Reichenbach has 

268 ophryde^;. 

well distinguished it. I have seen no specimens, except French and 
Austrian ones, for the latter of which I am indebted to Baron Jaequin. It 
dries like O. fusca. As it appears from the Linnaean Herbarium that the 
true O. coriophora is what is usually called O. fragrans, I have restored the 
name O. cimicina to this. 

27- Orchis sancta. Linn. ! Sp. PI. 1330. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 41. 

O. foliis , caule vaginato aphyllo, spica elongata, sepalis in galeam 

agglutinatis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis, labello trilobo calcari conico 

inflexo longiore : laciniis lateralibus acute bilobis intermedia acuta paul6 

Hab. in Palmtina, Linnaus (». s. sp. in herb. Linn.) 
O. coriophorae adeo similis ut merain varietatem dicas ; sed labellum et 

calcar sunt plane diversa. Folia et tubercula in specimine herbaru 

Linnaeani deficiunt. 
Obs. O. sancta, D'Urville in Act. Soc. Linn. par. 1, 376. ad sepes insula; 

Coi communis, Maio florens, toto caelo differt. Nescio cui speciei 

referenda est. 

2S. Orchis acuminata. Desf. Ail. 2, 318, t. 247. 

O. foliis ovalibus acutis cuspidatis, sepalis acuminatissimis, labello tn- 
partito glaberrimo calcari pendulo incurvo aequali : laciniis lateralibus 
truncatis abbreviatis intermedia subrotunda crenulata, bracteis acumi- 
natis fioribus subaequalibus. 

O. acuminata. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 17. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. 124. Bot. Mag. t. 1932. Cflm- 
bess. En. Fl. Balear. 140. 

O. parviflora. Tenore, Fl. Nap. Prodr. p. 52. 

O. lactea. Poir. in Lam. Diet. 4, 594. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 24, fide Cambessedis. 

Hab. in Algeria, Desfontaines ; Sieilia, Tineo ; insu lis Balearicis, Cambessedes 

{hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Tineo.) 
Adest in Hb. Lehm. a Lamarckio sub nomine O. lacerse } an Poireti 

lacteam pro lacera scripsit solita incuria ? 

29. Orchis Corsica. Viviani. 

O. '* bulbis 2, foliis ovato-ellipticis, spica contracts globosa, petaljs omni- 
bus conniventibus ovato-acuminatis : 2 interioribus lateralibus pa 
minoribus, labello trifido : lobis lateralibus falcatis dentatis me w 
apicem versus rotundato expanso dentato, calcare incurvo obtuso g 
men duplo superante." Reich. PI. Crit. IV. p. 70. 

Hab. in Corsica, Viviani. 
An Anacamptis } 

30. Orchis morio. Linn.! Mantiss. 485. 

O. foliis oblongo-linearibus obtusis, sepalis oblongis obtusis lineatis, labe 
trilobo latiore quam longo sepalis majore calcari horizontal! obtu- 
subsequali : laciniis lateralibus dentatis intermedia subeinarginata ma- 

O. morio. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 18. .Eng-. J9of. f. 2059. Smith, Engl. Flora, 4, H- ** ' 
Fl. Excurs. p. 122. Mayrhof. Dissert. 14. 

Hab. in Europat pratis vulgatissima (v. v. sp.) 

Reichenbach correctly observes that this is often confounded with 

O. longicornis ; especially in herbaria. It is a much larger plant, with » 

ophryde^;. 269 

very broad lip, the lateral segments of which are always wider than the 
middle one, and deeply notched. The flowers vary from dark purple to 
pink or white ; and, although spotted with crimson on a white ground in 
the middle of the lip, are by no means so gaily variegated as O. longicornis. 

Quid O. morio, Loureir. 2, 629, in sylvis montosis Cochinchinse ? 

31. Okchis longicornis. Desf. FL Atl. 2, 3 17, t. 246. 

0. foliis oblongo-linearibus obtusis, sepalis oblongis obtusis, labello trilobo 
sepalis aequali calcare horizontali apice inflato breviore : laciniis laterali- 
bus subintegris intermediae aequalibus v. minoribus. 

a. labelli lobis lateralibus integris atropurpureis rotundatis, intermedio 
albo variegato. 

0. longicornis. Bot. Mag. t. 1944. Bat. Reg. t. 202. Rchb. FL Excurs. 122. 

/3. labelli lobis subaequalibus intermedio ovato lateralibus truncatis den- 

0. picta. Lois. Fl. Gall. t. 26. 

y. labelli lobis lateralibus oblique truncatis dentatis acutis intermedio 

rotundato minoribus. 
? 0. morio. Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cauc. 2, 364. 
Hab. in Europce Justralioris et Barbaric pratis necnon Taurice ; a. in Sicilia, 

Gussone, Algeria, Desf., Italia, Tenore ; /3. in Gallia meridionali, Loise- 

leur, Helvetia, Schleicher ,• y. in Russia meridionali, Prescott (v. v. c. et 

hab. s. sp.) 

The small size of the lip, and the greater width of its middle than lateral 
lobes, taken together with the inflated apex of its long spur, abundantly dis- 
tinguish this species. The French and Swiss specimens are paler than those 
from the south of Europe. In the genuine state of the species, as it occurs 
in Barbary and the south of Italy, the two lateral lobes of the lip are 
intensely purple and separated by a well defined line of colour from the 
middle lip ; but in the varieties /3. "and y. the purple is no darker than what 
is seen in O. morio. No two species can well be more distinct than this 
ar *d O. morio, if they are once correctly understood. 

* * * Labello \-fido vel 4-partito. 

32. Orchis sphaerica. Bieb. FL Taur. Cauc. 2, 362. 

O. foliis omnibus lanceolatis acutis, spica subglobosa, sepalis aristatis, 
labelli trilobi lobis lateralibus acutiusculis incurvis intermedio quadrato 
retuso apiculato subsequalibus, calcare labello breviore, bracteis lineari- 
subulatis herbaceis floribus brevioribus. 

Hab. in Iberia media, Steven (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Prescott.) 
Reichenbach combines this with O. globosa ; but it differs not only in the 

characters above mentioned, and in its white flowers, but also in its much 

narrower bracts, more aristate sepals, which never terminate in a blunt 

appendage, and in its broader and shorter labellum. 

33. Ohchis globosa. Linn. Sp. PL 1332. 

O. folio inferiore oblongo obtuso superioribus lanceolatis acutis, spica sub- 
globosa, sepalis aristatis apice saepe appendicular, labelli trilobi angusti 
lobis lateralibus truncatis divergentibus intermedio rhomboideo cmargi- 


nato cuspidato brevioribus, calcare labello breviore, bracteis lineari- 
lanceolatis herbaceis floribus brevioribus. 

O. globosa. Jacq. Fl. Austr. t. 265. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 14. Rchb. PI. Crit. VI. 767. 
Nigritella globosa. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. 121. Mayrhof. Dissert. 31. 
O. Halleri. Crantz. Stirp. Austr.488. 

Hab. in Germania media et Austral], et Helvetia; necnon in Caucaso, 
Wilhelm {hab. s. sp.) 

Caulis in locis demissioribus pedalis et altior, in alpinis vix semipedalis, 
erectus, teres, foliosus. Bractese lanceolate virides, germen subajquantes. 
Flores leviter odori, colore O. variegatae, plerumque resupinati, rariiis 
recti. Sepala ex purpureo carnea, ovata, longe acuminata, apice incras- 
sata, medium brevius. Petala sepalis breviora, acutiora. Labellum 
perigonio concolor, punctis purpureis notatum ; laciniae laterales lineare9, 
media latior, longior, emarginata at plurimum cum denticulo in emargi- 

natura. Mayrhofer. Sepala et apex labelli saepe in appendiceal 

spatulatam lace ram producuntur, quod non vidi in O. sphaerica. Label- 
lum punctis minutis acutis crystallinis pruinosum. 
I do not perceive upon what ground this species has been referred to 

Nigritella. As limited by Richard, that genus is perfectly natural ; but if 

its character is extended to receive this, it must then be merged in Orchis. 

The truly posterior labellum of Nigritella is very different from that of 

O. globosa, which is as often anterior as posterior, and has all the fleshiness 

of Orchis. 

34. Orchis conica. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 14. 

O. " labello tripartita, lacinial media elong.ita apice dilatata emarginata, 
petalis conniventibus aristatis, cornu germine breviore, spica densa 
conica, foliis ovatis." Willd. 

? O. globosa. Brotero, Fl. I, us. 

Hab. in Lusitania, Link. 

" Media ferfe inter O. globosam et acuminatam." W. . An O. varie- 
gatae repellenda? 

35. Orchis variegata. Jacq. Ic. Rar. t. 599. 

O. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, spica corymbosa\, sepalis acuminatis- 
simis, labello calcari rectiusculo pendulo sequali : laciniis denticulatis 
lateralibus oblique truncati6 intermedia? cuneatae bilobae suba?qualibus> 
bracteis aristatis ovario longioribus. . 

O. variegata. Hall. Helv. no. 1275, t. 30. Willd. Sp. PI. 4,21. De Cand. Fl. fr3 '^ i t 
Bieb. Fl. Taut. Cane. 2,366. Bot. Reg. t. 367. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. 124. MaythojtJ 
Dissert, p. 20. 

O. tridentata. Scopol. 

Hab. in Europa Australi ; Gallia, De Cand. ; Germania, Rchb. ; Sicily 
Tenore; necnon in Taurice et Caucasi sylvis Bieberst. Iberiaque, Steven 
(hab. s. sp.) 

Variat labelli laciniis lateralibus brevioribus, intermediaque altius nssa 
O. militaris more ; semper dignoscitur spies! subcorymbosa, bracteisq" e 
lungis aristatis. Caulis 6-12 uneias altus. Folia immaculata. Flores 
violacei. ** Petala cum sepalo impari intus linea atropurpurea, sep a * 
lateralia duabus ejusmodi lineis notata. Labellum planum pwjj* 
carneum, punctis crebris saturate rubris eleganter variegatuiu. ^ caI 
striatum." Mayrh. 

ophrydejE. 271 

36. Orchis taurica. 

O. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis laxe vaginantibus in caulem ascendentibus, 
spica pyramidali, sepalis oblongis acutis, labello calcari rectiusculo sub- 
horizontali sequali : laciniis integris lateralibus acutis apice incurvis 
intermedia cuneata apice dilatata tridentata multb brevioribus, bracteis 
lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis ovario longioribus. 

O. pyramidalis. Bieb. Fl. Taur, Cauc. 2, 363. 

Hab. in Tauriae et Caucasi nemorosis, Bieberstein (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. 

O. variegatae affinis, cbaracteribus supra datis facile distinguenda. Flores 
purpurei sec. Bieberst. 

37. Orchis militaris. Linn. ! Sp. PL 1334. 

O. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, spica cylindracea, sepalis acutis ob- 
tusisve, labello medio pubescente calcare pendulo incurvo v. rectiusculo 
duplo longiore : laciniis lateralibus linearibus intermedia; cruribus di- 
vergentibus truncatis pluriveniis, bracteis brevissimis. 

a. vera ; sepalis obtusis, labelli lacinia intermedia lineari biloba : cruribus 
plus minus oblongis divaricatis. 

O. militaris. De Cand. Fl. Fr. 3, 248 (a.) Jacq. Ic. Rar. 4, t. 598. Eng. Bot. t 2675. 
Smith, Eng. Fl. 4, 14. Rchb. PI. Crit. 8, /. 701. Fl. Excurs. 125. Mayrhof. Dissert. 20. 
O. cinerea. Sitter, sec. Rchb. 
O. Rivini. Gouan, illustr. 74. Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard. 2, /. 162. Hall. Helv. t. 27,sinistr. 

p. galeata ; sepalis acutissimis, labelli lacinia intermedia cuneata biloba : 
cruribus brevibus truncatis. 

0. galeata. Lam. Diet. 4, 593. De Cand. Fl. Fr. 3, 249. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. 125. Tenore, 

Sylloge.p. 454. 
O. mimusops. Thuillier, Fl. par. 1 , p. 458, ex D. C. 
? O. militaris. Bieberst. Fl. Cauc. 2, 365. Stveet, Brit Fl. Gard. 2, *. 163. Hall. Helv. t. 28. 

y. hybrida; labello tripartito punctato-scabro, laciniis remotis linearibus 
mucrone intermedio elongato reflexo, calcare recto, Bonningh. ex Rchb. 
Fl. Excurs. 125 (Orchis hybrida.) 
Hab. a. per omnem Europam mediam et temperatam ; etiam in Grusia, 
Steven, montibus altaicis, Fischer ; p. in Germania Australi, Gallia, et Hel- 
vetia, Rchb. D. C. Haller ; y. in Thuringia et Bohemia, Rchb. (hab. a. et 
fi. s. sp. et v. a. sp.) 
Caulis pedalis et ultra. Folia lucida, immaculata. Spica densa, oblonga, 
floribus nunquam siccatione fuliginosis. Bracteae purpurea?. Flores 
lilacini, rosei, v. albi. Sepala saepius venosa. Labellum medio decolor, 
apicibus coloratis, punctis quibusdam hispidis cruentis conspersum, per 
axin pubescensj mucrone longitudine et formae vario inter crura 

There can, I think, be little doubt that the synonyms above quoted are 
rightly referred to this plant ; it seems to me quite impossible to depend 
upjn minute differences in the structure of the lip for the discrimination 
of species, and it is only in such circumstances that it has been pretended 
to distinguish them. O. galeata approaches O. variegata in the form of its 
lip, but it wants the long bracts of the latter species, and has altogether 
the habit of O. militaris. Of O. hybrida I have met with no specimen ; and 
I should have suspected it to be rather a form of O. tephrosanthos, if 
Reichenbach had not compared it, on the one hand, with O. fusca, and on 


the other, with O. militaris ; adding, that the lip is " imprimis nervoso- 

The Orchis figured in Eng. Bot. t. 1873, referred by Mr. Bicheno to 
O. militaris, by Dr. Hooker to O. tephrosanthos, and made a distinct species, 
O. Smithii, by Sweet, does not appear to me to represent any known species. 

38. Orchis fusca. Jacq. Austr. t. 176. 

O. foliis oblongis versus basin angustatis, spica longa cylindracea multiflora 
siccatione fuliginosa, sepalis ovatis obtusis, labello medio pubescente cal- 
care brevi pendulo incurvo duplo longiore : laciniis lateralibus lineari- 
bus intermedia obcordata, bracteis obsoletis. 

O. fusca. Hall. Helv. no. 1276, t. 31. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 23. Bieb. Taur. Cauc. 2, 366. 

Hooker, Fl. Lond. c. ic. Smith, Eng. Flora, 4, 13. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. 125. Mayrhof. 

Diss. 21. 
O. moravica. Jacq. Ic. Bar. 1, t. 182. Bchb. I. c. 
O. purpurea. Huds Fl. Angl. ed. 1 , p. 334. 
O. militaris. De Cand. Fl. Fr. 3, 248. Eng. Bot. t. 16. 

Hab. in Gallia, Germania, Helvetia, Anglia ; nee non in Tauria meridional*, 
Bieb. (hab. s. sp. et v. v.) 

Omnium Europae Orchidum maxima et pulcherrima. Scapus pedalis, 
bipedalis et altior, crassus, firmus, superne aphyllus. Folia maxima, 
rigidiuscula, splendentia. Spica omnium speciosissima, conferta, longa, 
ante anthesin atrofusca. Bracteae parvas. Perigonii phylla in galeam 
conniveutia, extus atrofusca, intus pallidiora. Labellum planum, firmum, 
latum, candidurn, punctis hispidis purpureis scabrum : laciniae laterales 
divergentes, lineares, longae, media antice dilatata, biloba, segmeutibus 
valde divergentibus antice saepius serratis. Mayrhofer. 

39. Orchis Comperiana. Steven, Obs. in PI. Ross, in Act. Mosq. 7,P- 63 ' 
t. 12. 

O. foliis ovato-lanceolatis, spica rariflora, sepalis obtusiusculis, labello 
quadrifido laciniis longissimis setaceis, calcare pendulo ovarii longa 
dine, bracteis ovario longioribus. 

Hab. in nemorosis vallis Laspi, Tauria meridionalis, Steven. 

Planta speciosissima facie fere Himantoglossi hircini ; an ejusdem generis . 

40. Orchis longibracteata. Bivona, Cent. Sic. 1, no. 66, t. 4. 

O. foliis oblongis basi angustatis, spica longa multiflora, sepalis obtusis- 
simis patulis, labello carnoso basi crispo calcare brevi crasso coni 
quadruplo longiore ; laciniis obtusis crenatis, bracteis florem excedenti 

a. Sicula ; laciniis labelli lateralibus abbreviatis. 
O. longibracteata. Bot. Beg. t. 357. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. 125. 
0. Gallica ; laciniis labelli lateralibus linearibus elongatis. 
O. Robertiana. Lois. Fl. Gall. p. 606. 

Hab. in Sicilia, Italia, et Gallia meridionali (hab. s. sp.) 
Species habitu O. fusca?, sed Mores duplo majores, viridi-purpurascentes 
labio pallido fusco marginato rubro maculata. 

In O. longibracteata sicula flores minores sunt quam in O. Robertiana ; sp*" 
cies tamen distingueri vix merentur. 



41. Orchis undulatifolia. Bivona, Cent. 2, n. 61, c. ic. 

O. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis undulatis obtusis, spick crassa subcorymbosa, 
sepalis acuminatis, labello calcare pendulo incurvo triplo longiore : 
laciniis omnibus linearibus acuminatis, bracteis brevissimi9. 

O. undulatifolia. Flora Graca, tab. 927. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. 124. 
0. tephrosanthos. (i. undulatifolia. Bot. Reg. t. 375. 
0. tephrosanthos. Desf. Fl. All. 2, 318. 

Hab. per omnem Europam meridionalem ; circa Constantinopolim, Domina 
Liston ; in Barbaria, Desf. (hab. s. sp.) 

4<2. Orchis longicruris. Link, in Schrad. Diar. 1799, p. 323. mild. Sp. 

PI. 4, 22. Tenore Sylloge. p. 454. 
Hab. in Lusitania, Link. ; in nemoribus Lucanice, Tenore. 
Ab. 0. undulatifolia differt foliis planis ovatis, floribus purpureis duplo 

minoribus, labii laciniis angustioribus, spica pyramidata non globosa. 

Ab. 0. tephrosanthos labii laciniis rectis lanceolatis acuminatis facillime 

dignoscitur. Tenore, I. c. 

43. Orchis tephrosanthos. Villars, Delph. 2, 32. 

O. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutiusculis, spica cylindracea crassa, sepalis 

acuminatis, labello medio hispido calcare pendulo incurvo duplb longiore : 

laciniis linearibus cruribus intermedia? univeniis, bracteis brevibus 

a. vera; laciniis filiformibus acutis. 
0. tephrosanthos. Desf. Atl. 2, 319. Willd. Sp. PI. 4,21. Rchb. Fl. Excurs. 124. Bieb. 

Taur. Cauc. 2, 364. Hooker, Bot. Mag. 342K. 
0. simia. Lam. Diet. 4, 593. De Cand. Fl. Fr. 3, 249. 
0. zoophora. Thuill. Fl. par. 1, 459. 
0. cercopitheca. Lam. Diet. 4, 593. 

ft. macrophylla ; cruribus abbreviatis truncatis. 

Hab. a. in Gallia ; Germania ; Helvetia ; necnon Caucaso et Iberia prope 

Tiflin, Prescott ; /3. Caucaso, Wilhelm. (hab. s. sp.) 
0. militari similis, sed minor et cruribus labelli constanter univeniis an- 

gustissimis linearibus facite distinguenda. Flores laitius colorati ma- 

gisque variegati. 


44. Orchis macra. Lindl. Synops. ed. 2, p. 2G0. 
O. foliis lineari-oblongis obtusis, spica angusta pauciflora, sepalis _ 

natissimis, labello calvo crystallino-verrucoso calcare pendulo rectiusculo 

duplb longiore : laciniis linearibus acutis cruribus intermedia; univeniis, 

bracteis brevibus acuminatis. 
0. tephrosanthos. Bieheno in Linn. Trans. XII. 33. Hooker, Fl. Loud. c. ie. Smith, 

Eng. Fl. 4, 16. Hooker, British Flora, 371. 
Hab. in Anglia. (h. s. sp. comm. eel. Bieheno.) 
Caulis gracilis subpedalis, foliis ssepius versus apicem parum angustatis 

obtusis. Spica macra, pauciflora. Flores pallide purpurei, rosei, vol 

albi sanguineo punctati. 

45. Orchis punctulata. Steven in Herb. Hooker. 

O. foliis oblongis obtusis superioribus angustioribus, spica cylindracea, 
sepalis acuminatis, labello medio pubesccnte carnoso calcare incurvo 

September, 1835. N n 


apice dilatato triplb longiore : laciniis lateralibus linearibus incunris 
intermedia cuneata retusa cum apiculo, bracteis brevissimis. 

Hab. in Tauria meridionali, Steven, (exam. s. sp. in herb. Hooker.) 

Valde affinis 0. militari ; sed differre videtur calcare minus acuto, spica 
minus densa. Lacinise laterales labelli intermedia breviores, laves nee 
papillosae, univeniae. 

46. Orchis intacta. link, in Schrad. Diar. 1799, p. 322. 

O. spica densiuscula, sepalis conniventibus acutis, labello tripartito laciniis 
subaequalibus intermedia lineari apice tridentata, calcare brevissimo, 
bracteis ovario duplb brevioribus. 

O. intacta. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 21. 

Hab. in Lusitania, Link. 

Accedere dicitur ad 0. tephrosanthos, inter alia flore multo minore differt. 

47. Orchis ustulata. Linn.! Sp. 1333. 

O. foliis ovato-oblongis acutis, spica angusta cylindracea densa obtusa, 
sepalis ovatis obtusis, labello calcare brevi uncinato triple- longiore: 
laciniis punctato-scabris linearibus intermedia? bilobse cruribus truncatis, 
bracteis acuminatis ovario longioribus. 

O. ustulata. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 20. Eng. Bot. t. 18. Hooker, Fl. Lond. c. ic. Eng. Flora, 
4,12. I)e Cand. Fl. Fr. 3, 247. Rchb. PI. Crit. 6, t . 569. Fl. Excurs. 124. Mayrho). 
Diss. 19. 

O. amoena. Crantz. Austr. p. 490. 

O. Columnar. Schmidt. Bohem. no. 58, sec. Rchb. 

? O. imbricata. Vest. sec. Rchb. 

O. parviflora. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 27, fide Tenorii, App. Pr. 65. 

Himantoglossum parviflorum. Spreng. Syst. 3, 694. 

Hab. in Europa ; Anglice, Gallia, Germanice, Helvetia pratis et montibus 

saepius in solo cretaceo. (v. v. sp. et h. s. sp.) 
Palmaris. Galea purpureo-viridis ; labellum cinereum maculatum. l* a * 

bellum aliquando duplb latius est, laciniis lateralibus biveniis truncatis. 

Species dubia. 

Orchis hyemalis. Ralinesque in Museum of Nat. Sc. of the ^ m f^ c ? 

Monthly Magazine and Critical Review, New York, 1817, as quoted by 

himself in Florula Ludoviciana, 168. 
Hab. in Sicilia. 


Anacamptis. Richard, Orch. Europ. 25. 

Omnia Orchidis ; sed lamellae 2 ad basin labelli, nunc in unam coalrt* 

Labellum semper 3 lobum. 
1. Anacamptis pyramidalis. Rich. I. c. 
A. spica densa pyramidali, labelli lobis subsequalibus intermedio truncato : 

lamellis distinctis apice divergentibus. 
Orchis pyramidalis. Linn. 8fc. 

Orchis condensata. Desf. ! Fl. Atl. 2, p. 316. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 32. 
Orchis brachystachys. D' Vrvitle m Act . Linn. par. 1 , 377. 


Hab. per omnera Europam mediam et australemj etiam in Atlantide. 
(v. v. sp.) 

Orchis condensata, a Desf. ipso in herb. Lehmann, nullo modo differt ab 
A. pyramidali. 

2. Anacamptis quadripunctata. 

A. " labio trilobo piano lobis aequalibus, medio subemarginato subquadri- 
punctato, petalis patentibus ovalibus obtusis, cornu recto filiformi ger- 
mine longiore, spica multiflora oblonga, floribus minutis bracteisq. 
concoloribus rubris violaceisque." Tenore. 

Orchis 4-punctata. Ten. Ft. Neap. Prodr. Pr. 53. Ft. Neap. 2, 291, t. 89. Sy 11. 452. 

Hab. in pascuis montosis Apulia, Tenore ; in Creta, Zuccarini. (v. s. sp. in 
herb. Martii.) 

Differt ab A. Brancifortii sec. eel. Tenore calcare ovario longiore, labelli 
lobo medio lateralibus eequali, sepalis lateralibus intermedio longioribus. 

I have examined a single specimen of this rare plant in the Herbarium 
of Dr. von Martius, and it certainly agrees with the observations of 
M. Tenore. I, however, doubt very much whether it can be considered 
more than a variety of A. Brancifortii. 

3. Anacamptis Brancifortii. 

A. spica laxa elongata, labelli lobis omnibus acutis : lamellis in unam hip- 
pocrepicam coalitis. 

Orchis bipunctata. Raf. in Joum. Bot. 4, 272, sec. Raf. ipsum. Bivona ! in Herb. Smith. 
Orchis Brancifortii. Bivon. PI. Sic. l,t.l,f.2. Tenore, Syll.p. 452. 

Hab. in Sicilia, Bivona, &c. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Tineo.) 

Planta palmaris. Folia omnia radicalia. Bractere oblonga?, cuspidatae, 

purpurea? ovario duplb breviores. Flores parvi petalis convergentibus 

sepalis duplb minoribus. 


Gymnadenia. R. Brown in Hort. Kew. 5, 191. Rich. Orch. Annot. 

Flos Orchidis. Loculi antherae paralleli, contigui, basi nunquam elongati j 
rostello minimo complicato. Pollinia glandulis nudis. 
It is scarcely possible to find any very precise limits between this genus 
and Platanthera ; nor is there any character that can be trusted, except 
the plicature of the rostellum and the parallel contiguous bases of the anther- 
cells. Even the stigmatic processes of Habenaria and its allies are to be 
remarked in almost every species of Gymnadenia ; only in most cases in 
adhesion with the stigma itself. 

1. Gymnadenia conopsea. R. Br. in Hort. Kew. 5, 191. 

G. foliis angustis obtusis in caule acuminatis, spica densa cylindrace4, 
sepalis lateralibus patentibus, labelli trilobi lobis obtusis integerrimis 
aequalibus, calcare arcuato filiformi ovario duplb longiore. 

Orchis conopsea. Linn. Sp. PI. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 32. Eng. Bot. t. 10. Ft. Dan. 
t. 224. Hooker in Fl. Land. c. ic. 

Satyrium conopseum. Wahl. Fl. Suet: 557. 

Orchis ornithis. Jacq. Austr. II. 1. 138. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 32. 


Gymnadenia ornithis. Richard, Annot. Richb. Fl. Exc. Mayrhofer, Dissert, p. 28. 
fi. densiflora ; spick pradonga cylindracea, lobo intermedio labelli cuneati 

Orchis densiflora. Wahlenb. Vet. Act. Holm. 1806, p. 68. 
Satyrium conopseum, (3. Wahl. Fl. Suec. 558. 

Hab. in pascuis Europa et Asia temperate. /3. in locis fertilissimis in- 
sularum Gotlandia et Oelandice copiose. {v. a. v. sp. ; v. /3. s. sp. in herb. 

Calcar germine saepe duplo longius, sed interdum ex. gr. in paludibus Lap* 
poniae eodem revera brevius, ut in ejus longitudine vix differentia speeiei, 
multo minus character generis. Wahl. 

I have no hesitation in considering the O. ornithis of Jacquin a mere 
white-flowered variety ; it appears from Mayrhofer that it has never been 
seen since three specimens were gathered in 1774 on Mount Schneeberg; 
and it is evident that its real distinction from G. conopsea consists in its 
supposed oval and undivided tubers ; but it is more probable that the figure 
in the Flora Austriaca is inaccurate in this respect, than that the species 
should, if it really exists, have never been rediscovered for more than halt 
a century. 

2. Gymnadenia humilis. 

G. foliis lineari-oblongis acutis, spica laxa paucifiora, sepalis petahsque 
ovatis obtusis,labello subrotundo trilobo sepalis aequali : lobis rotimilatis 
medio emarginato, calcare subulato ovario elongato vix aequali, bracteis 
linearisubulatis ovario brevioribus, tuberculis indivisis. 

Orchis Nicodcmi. Tenore, Fl. Neap. Prodr. p. 53. Fl. Neap. 2, p. 290, t. 90. Syllog', 
p. 453. 

Orchis Hostii. Tratt. ex Rchb. Fl. Exc. 123. 

Hab. in pascuis siccis Apulia, Tenore ; Dalmatia, Rchb. {exam. s. sp. ' 

Hb. Lehm.) 
Sic vidi in exemplare a capite Malessa in herb. Lehm. Planta humihs e 
et gracilis facie G. conopsea depauperatae. Calcar quod sec. eel. Tenoriu 
horizontale est, et eel. Reichb. ovario longius, invenio subulatum « c 
pendens ovario longissimo brevius. An planta Reichenbachiana oronino 
eadem. Descriptiouem laudati auctoris subjungo. 
* Habitus O. mascula sed humilior ; folia breviora, superiora arete ^ag 1 " 
nantia, spica laxa, tiores minores teneriores purpurei sepalis obtusis> 
labio breviore, calcare ovarioque longissimo gracili distinctissima- 

It is impossible to reconcile the two foregoing accounts of this p' 8 
But I suspect that Anacamptis 4-punctata is sometimes called Orchis I ' 
demi; at least, a specimen of it so labelled is in Smith's Herbarium ; ■ 
if so, it is not improbable that the plant which Rchb. had in view * 
Anacamptis 4-punctata. 

3. Gymnadenia comigena. Rchb. Fl. Exc. 121. 

G. •* labio trilobo calyce breviore lobis lateralibus divaricatis, caic« 

ovarium aequante." Rchb. 
Hab. in Thuringia, Rchb. 
" Habitus G. conopsea sed robustior et flores ex omni parte breviores, u° 


spica insigniter condensata ; bractea longe ultra alabastra productae, de- 
mum ovarium subaequantes." 

4. Gymnadenia ? elata. 

G. ? labello obcordato crenato, cornu subulato dependente. 

Orchis elata. Poiret. Itin, 2, p. 218. Desf. Atl. 2, 317. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 26. 

Hab. in Barbaria, Poiret. 

Caulis 2-pedalis et ultra. Spica florum 8-pollicaris. Flores dense con- 
ferti violacei. Bracteae lanceolatae floribus multo longiores. Labellum 
emarginatum, denticulatum, obeordatum. Calcar longum, subulatum, 
pendulum, cauli admotum. 

5. Gymnadenia sibirica. Tourchaninoff MSS. 

G. foliis angustis obtusis in caule acuminatis, spica densa cylindracea, 
sepalis lateralibus patentibus, labelli trilob'i lobis subaequalibus laterali- 
bus rotundatis crispis intermedio integerrimo aeutiusculo, calcare arcuato 
filiformi ovario longiore. 

Hab. in Siberia, Tourchaninoff'. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Prescott.) 

Forth mera G. conopsece varietas, diversa tamen labello. 

6. Gymnadenia odoratissima. Rich. Annot. 

G. foliis angustis acutis in caule acuminatis saepe gramineis, spica densa 
cylindracea, sepalis lateralibus patentibus, labello oblongo rotundato 
piano obscure trilobo, calcare filiformi ovario breviore. 

Orchis odoratissima. Linn. Sp. PI. 1335. Jacq. Fl. Austr. t. 264. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 32. 
Gymnadenia odoratissima. Rchb. PI. Crit. VJ. t. 814. Fl. Exc. 121. Mayrhofer, Dis 

serf. 26. 
Satyriuin odoratissimum. Wahl. Fl. Suec. 557. 

/3. spica laxiore, bracteis magis foliaceis, floribus paulo majoribus. 

O. erubescens. Zuccarini .' 

G. suaveolens. Rchb. Fl. Exc. p. 121, excl. synon. Villarsii ad Nigritellam fragrantem 

y. labello latiore lobis distinctis rotundatis. 

0. iberica. Prescott in Lift. vix. Bieb. 

Hab. in pascuis apricis subalpinisque Europce mediae Asiceque occidentals ; 
/3. in alpibus Germanics, (h. s. sp.) 

7. Gymnadenia tridentata. 

G. folio solitario radicali oblongo obtuso ; caulinis 2-3 multb angustioribus 
et minoribus, spica brevi laxiuscula, sepalis campanulatis, labello piano 
truncato obsolete tridentato scpalorum longitudine, calcare filiformi 
arcuato ovario paulb longiore. 

Orchis tridentata. Willd. Sp. PL 4,41. Pursh. Fl. 2, 587. 

Habenaria tridentata. Hooker, Exot. Fl. t. 81. 

Orchis clavellata. Mich. Fl. Am. Bor. 2, 155. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 10. Pursh. Fl. 2, 586. 
Nutt. Gen. 2, 189. Elliott, Sketch. 2, 486. 

Hab. in America septentrionali : Georgia et Carolina, Michaux, Elliott ; 
Canada, Goldie. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Boott.) 
It appears from the researches of Dr. Boott, that Orchis clavellata and 

tridentata ought probably to be reduced to one species. This gentleman 

has been so obliging as to favour me with the following note upon the 



" I have specimens of 0. clavellata from Nuttal, marked on his ticket 
' O. tridentata,' and on reference to his book I find he gives it as a variety 
of 0. clavellata, not admitting, therefore, Michaux's plant ' labello integro,' 
as observed by himself. 

" Elliott quotes 0. tridentata as a synonym of his 0. clavellata, and, 
giving Michaux's character, as the specific one, says, from his own obser- 
vation, that the labellum is ' slightly three-toothed at the summit.' 

H Willdenow merely copies Michaux for O. clavellata. 

" I suspect, therefore, that there is an error in Michaux's description of 
the plant, viz. that he has overlooked the toothed extremity of the label- 
lum, and that his specimen was small, which his ' scapo unifolio' leads me 
to suspect. 

" Eaton, in his Manual, gives 0. tridentata as a synonym of 0. clavellata; 
and I observe in a Catalogue of Plants made in Kentucky by Dr. Short, that 
he has the 0. tridentata, a situation near Elliott's habitat for his 0. cla- 
vellata ; viz. ' the middle and upper districts of Georgia and Carolina.' 

" All this amounts to a probability of the tridentata being the same as 
Michaux's plant. If distinct, it would seem no one has met with the true 
clavellata since Michaux, not even Elliott." 

8. Gymnadenia cylindrostachya. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7056. 

G. caule folioso, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis basi angustatis, spica densa 
cylindracea, sepalis lateralibus pendulis, petalis rhomboideis hinc in 
angulo acuto productis, labello oblongo trilobo : lobis lateralibus acutis 
intermedio rotundato medio unicalloso, calcare filiformi ovario longiore. 

Hab. in India septentrionali (loco incerto) Wallich. (h. s. sp. e mus. Ang. 

Obs. Calli adsunt duo ad basin labelli. Lobi laterales stigmatis molleset 

9. Gymnadenia violacea. 

G. caule folioso, foliis oblongis acutis parum decrescentibus, spica densa 
oblonga, bracteis foliaceis floribus longioribus, sepalis patulis lateralibus 
acutis, petalis oblongis obtusis, labello subrotundo tridentato, calcare 
filiformi pendulo ovario longiore. 

Hab. in India septentrionali, agro Mussunensi, Royle. (exam. s. sp. et v. *• 

pict. in hb. Royle.) 
Folia atroviridia. Flores plumbeo-violacei unicolores. Exemplar uni- 

cum vidi. 

10. Gymnadenia Orchidis. 

G. caule folioso, foliis oblongis erectis acutis, spica densa cylindracea, 
bracteis foliaceis floribus longioribus, sepalis obtusis patulis, petalis 
oblongis obtusis, labello subcuneato trilobo lobis subsequalibus truncatis 
denticulatis, calcare filiformi pendulo ovario longiore. 

Platanthera Orchidis. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7039. 

Hab. Gossainthan et Kamoon, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e mus. Angl. Ind^ 

11. Gymnadenia? flexuosa. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. 27. 

G. foliis binis radicalibus erectis secundis (?), caule flexuoso bisuuanaoto, 


spica brevi ovata, labelli trilobi lobis obtusis, calcare "filiformi labelli 

Satyrium flexuosum. Thouars. t. 7. 
Hab. in Mauritio, Thouars. 
Cum sequente, generis valde incerti ; an Peristyli species. 

12. Gymnadenia rosellata. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. 27. 

G. foliis pluribus ovato-oblongis acutis rosulatis, caule vaginato, spica 
angust&, labelli trilobi lobis obtusis, calcare filiformi ovario breviore. 

Satyrium rosellatum. Thouars. t. 8. 
Habenaria Mascaranensis. Spreng. syst. 3. 690. 

Hab. in Borbonia, Thouars. 

Flores minuti. An hujus generis ? an Platanthera ? Secundum Ach. 
Richard genitalium fabrica eadem ac in Cynorchidibus quibusdam. 

13. Gymnadenia cucullata. Rich. Annot. Reichenb. PI. crit. v. 1. t. 816. 

G. foliis radicalibus c 2 oblongis aut orbiculato-ovatis submembranaceis, 
caule vagina solitaria acuminatissima, spica secunda, sepalis petalisque 
erectis in galeam cohaerentibus, labello tripartito horizontali lobis fill— 
formibus intermedio lineari longiore, calcare ascendente obtuso labello 
supposito et breviore. 

Orchis &c. Gmelinfl. sib. 1. p. 16. /. 3./. 2. 

Orchis cucullata. Linn. sp. pi. 1332. Willd. sp. pi. 4. 13. Ledeb.fl. alt. 4. 170. 

Himantoglossum cucullatum. Rchb.fl. excurs. 120. 

Hab. in muscosis rupium Ettropce orientalis et omnis Siberia, (hab. s. sp. 
comm. eel. Prescott.) 

41. Gymnadenia flava. 

G. folio inferiore ensiformi stricto fere caulis longitudine : caulinis nmlto 
minoribus canaliculatis acuminatis supremis minimis, spica densissima 
conico-cylindracea, labello oblongo acuto margine denticulato calcare 
pendulo infundibulari apice incurvo subaequali. 

Orchis flava. Nutt.gen. am. 2. 188. Elliott Sketch 2. 485. 
Habenaria Elliottii. Beck Bot. N. et. M. Amer. 348. 
Orchis integra. Nutt. gen. Amer. 2. 188. 
Habenaria Integra. Spreng. Beck. I. c. 

Hab. in locis depressis ; Pennsylvania, Boott ; Carolina et Georgia, Elliott ; 

New Jersey, Nuttall ; Alabama, Drummond j Florida, AUlen. (hab. s. sp. 

comm. eel. Boott, Torrey, be.) 

I discover no difference worth noting between the two supposed species 
here united : the lip in G. integra is perhaps a trifle more entire than in 
G. flava. 

15. Gymnadenia macrantha. 

G. caule folioso, foliis oblongis acutis patentibus, spica laxa, bracteis 
foliaceis floribus aequalibus, sepalis angustis patentibus acutis, petalis 
subfalcatis, labello obcordato convexo calcari crasso infundibulari pen- 
dulo acuto subaequali. 

Hab. in Sierra Leone, Domina Turner, (exam. s. sp. in herb. Hooker.) 

Caulis sesquipedalis. Flores maximi, lilacini, distantes ; labellum fere 
unciam longum. Anbhera omnino Gymnadeniae, auriculis duabus ut in 



16. Gymnadenia Chusua. Lindl. in Wall. cat. no. 705S. 

G. caule 1-2-pbyllo, foliis ovato-lanceolatis acutis, spica secunda 3-5-flora, 
bracteis foliaceis acuminatis floribus longioribus, sepalis lateralibus 
reflexis, labello oblongo convexo 3-lobo lobis subaequalibus lateralibus 
denticulatis, calcare recto apice incrassato paulo breviore. 

Gym. puberula. Lindl. in Wall. cat. no. 7059. 
Orchis chusua. Don. prodr. ?iep. 

Hab. in Gossain Than, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e. i7ius. Angl. Ind.) 
Caulis vix ultra spithamam altus, saepe brevior. Flores majusculi. La- 
belluin fere semunciam longum. 

17- Gymnadenia pauciflora. 

G. caule 2-phyllo bifloro, foliis lineari-lanceolatis distantibus intemodiis 
brevioribus, bracteis ovato-lanceolatis foliaceis floribus subremotis longi- 
oribus, sepalis acutis lateralibus reflexis, petalis conniventibus obtusis, 
labello cuneato quadridentato pubescente calcare subhorizontali rectius- 
culo breviore. 

Orchis pauciflora. Fisch. Mss. 

Hab. in Dahuria, Fischer, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Fischer.) 

Spithamaea. Folium majus 2 poll, longum. Flores violacei magnitudine 
G. Chusuae. (Tubercula dicuntur globosa minuta, Fischer.) 

18. Gymnadenia spathulata. 

G. caule nudo folii solitarii spathulati obtusi longitudine, spica densa 
secunda 3-4-flora, bracteis foliaceis obtusis floribus longioribus, 
sepalis petalisque obtusis, labello oblongo concavo crenulato calcare 
recto duplo longiore. 

Hab. in India septentrionali, in Kedarkanta, Royle. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel 

§ Labellum posticum. 

19. Gymnadenia conica. 

G. foliis linearibus acuminatis sensim in squamis acuminatis angustafs, 
racemo conico, sepalis lateralibus contortis petalisque obtusissimis, 
labello postico lineari, calcare ascendente filiformi, ovario recto. 

Hab. in Florida, Cozzens. (exam. s. sp. in herb. Torrey.) 

Facies omnino G. nivea, qua differt floribus aureis, labello lineari, sepalis 
lateralibus minoribus spicaque conica. Ovarium etiam pruina eget, et 
processus papillis ; auriculaeque antherae formam ovatam habent Bee 
transversam obtusissimam, 

20. Gymnadenia nivea. 

G. foliis linearibus acuminatis sensim in squamis acuminatis angustatis, 
racemo denso cylindraceo, sepalis lateralibus contortis supremo peta- 
lisque obtusissimis patentibus duplo majoribus, labello postico ovato, 
calcare ascendente filiformi, ovario recto. 

Habenaria nivea. Spreng. syst. 3. 

Orchis nivea. Nutt. gen. Amer. 2, 188. Elliott Bot. Carol, et Georg. 2, 485. 

Hab. in Florida occideniali Nuttallj Georgia, prope Sunbury Le Comte. 
{hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Torrey.) 

Sesquipedalis, gracilis, facie exemplaris macilenti Gymnadenia fi** 


Flores parvi, nivei. Sepala et petala membranacea. Anthera minima ; 
auriculis duabus (st. ster.) magnis latis. Processus carnobi os calcaris 
tegentes, acuti, intus papillosi. Ovarium pruinosum. 


Perularia. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1701. 
Sepala lateralia deflexa. Petala carnosa, sepalo supremo libera. Label- 
lum calcaratum, carnosum, integrum. Anthera reeumbens, nana. Pol- 
liniorum glandulae in bursiculis duabus distantibus bivalvibus inclusse. 
Rostellum plicatum. — Herba Orchidis. 

1. Perularia fuscescens. 

Orchis fuscescens. Linn. Sp. PL 1336. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 35. 
Orchis, &c. Gmel. Fl. Sib. I, p. 20, t. 4./. 2. 

Hab. in Sibiria prope fl. Lenam et Ircuium Gmelin ; ad Baicalem, Prescoit. 
(hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Prescott.) 

Planta facie Platantherce bifolice brachyglosscs. Floris partes omnes car- 
nosae. Sepalum supremum rotundatum, crenulatum ; lateralia pendula 
oblonga obtusa. Petala erecta, retusa. Labellum carnosissimum medio 
elevatum et serie unica tuberculatum, basi utrinque auriculis duabus 
acutis divaricatis ; hinc quasi hastatum. Calcar pendulum, clavatum 
labello longius. 


Nigritella. Mich. Orch. Europ. 26. Jig. 4. 

Sepala petala et labellum subconformia, omnia membranacea, hoc posti- 
cus indivisum scrotiformi-calcaratum, concavum. Anthera Orchidis, 
sed glandulae seminudae. — Folia graminea. Flores congesti, capitati. 

1- Nigritella angustifolia. Richard. Annot. 34. 
N. foliis linearibus, calcare brevissimo. 
a- atropurpurea. 

Satyrium nigrum. Linn. Mant. 488. Jacq. FL Austr. t. 368. 

Orchis nigra. Swartz. Act. Holm. 1800, p. 207. mild. Sp. PL 4, 35. 

Orchis miniata. Crantz. Stirp. Austr. 487. 

Habenaria nigra. R. Br. H. Kew. 5, 192. 

Nigritella angustifolia. Rchb.fl. crit. VIII. f. 1009. Fl. Exc. 121. Mayrh. Dissert. 31. 

Ludd. Bot. Cab. t. 1643. 
ft- rosea. 

Hab. in alpibus Euro-pa; ; /3 in Gallia meridionali, Bentham. {hab. s. sp.) 
2. Nigritella fragrans. Rchb. PL crit. VIII. f. 1010. Fl. Exc. 1*1. 
N. foliis lineari-lanceolatis, calcare arcuato ovario fusiformi subaequah. 
Orchis suaveolens. Fill. Delph. 2. 1. 1. De Cand. Flore Franfaise. 6. 331. alpibus Delphinatus, Vi\\ars,(et Tyrolensibus,CarinthiacisqueReichb. ?) 
Reichenbach quotes the Orchis suaveolens of Villars to his Gymnadenia 
suaveolens ; but surely there can be no doubt that this was the plant in- 
tended by Villars. 

September, 1835. °o 



Aceras. R. Brown, in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 191. Loroglossum. Rich. Orch. Eur. Amot. 
32. Himantoglossum. Spr eng. Syst. 3. 694. 

Perianthium clausum, aestivatione valvata. Petala sepalis raultb angus- 
tiora. Labellum brevissimk saccato-calcaratum, v. gibbosum, pendulum 
v. patens, tripartiturn. Anthera erecta, bilocularis, loculis parallclis 
basi approximates, caudiculis glandular solitariae cucullo unico incluss 

adha;rentibus. Herbae, radieibus carnosis fasciculatis, lobo uno alte- 

rove incrassato. Flores luteo-herbacei, v. obscure violacei, labello 
saepfe maculato discolore. 

1. Acebas hircina. 

A. foliis oblongis acutis, racemo multifloro, labello longissimo flexuoso 
spiralique 3-partito laciniis lateralibus abbreviatis intermedia bifida, 
calcare brevissimo obtuso. 

Satyrium hircinum. Linn. Sp. PI. 1337. Eng. Bot. t. 34. 

Orchis hircina. Swartz Act. Holm. 1800./). 207. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 28. 

Loroglossum hircinum. Richard. I. c. 

Himantoglossum hircinum. Spreng. syst. 3. 694. 

Hab. per omnera Europam mediam et temperatam in pratis siccis. {hab. s. 
et. v. v. sp.) 

2. Aceras caprina. 

A. " labello tripartito : linea baseos media subpubescente, laciniis latera- 
libus falcato-lanceolatis ; media lineari longissima apice bifida, petalis 
obtusis conniventibus, nectario scrotiformi."' Bieb. 

Orchis caprina. Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cauc. 3. 602. 

Himantoglossum caprinum. Spreng. syst. 3. 694. 

Hab. in Tauria, Bieberstein. 

3. Aceras formosa. 

A. " radieibus testiculatis, labello trilobo ; lateralibus brevibus repando- 
undulatis medio elongato lineari-spatulato emarginato, petalis conni- 
ventibus : interioribus erosis, cornu genuine paulo breviore." Bieb. 

Orchis formosa. Steven in Act. Linn. vol. XI. p. 417. t. 39. Bieb. Taur. Cauc. 3. 603. 

O. mutabilis. Stev. Mem. Mosq. 

Hab. in Caucaso Orientali, Steven, Bieberstein. 

4. Aceras anthropophora. R. Br. in H. K. I. c. 

A. foliis oblongis obtusis plerisque radicalibus, labello 4-partito pla" 

laciniis linearibus lateralibus paulb brevioribus. 

a. labello ovario longiore. 

Ophrys anthropophora. Linn. sp. Pi. 1343. Willd. sp. PI. 4. 63. Eng. Bot. t. 29. 
Loroglossum anthropophorum. Richard. I. c. 
Himantoglossum anthropophorum. Spreng I. c. 

ft. labello ovario duplb breviore. 
Ophrys anthropomorpha. Willd. sp. pi. 4. 63. 
Aceras anthropomorpha. Smith in Recs. Suppl. 
Loroglossum brachyglotte. Richard. I. c. 

Hab. per omnem Europam ; /3. in Lmitania, Link. («. v. sp.) 

5. Aceras angnstifolia. Lindl. in Wall. cat. Ind. no. 7061. 

A. foliis Hneari-lanceolatis acuminatis, spica rara elongata secunda \* TSl ' 


flor&, petalis subulatis, labello pendulo lineari sepalis duplb longiore 
apice trifido : lacinia. intermedia breviore. Bot. Reg. t. 1525. 
Hab. in Gossain Than, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e. Museo Anglo-Indico.) 

6. Aceras secundiflora. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1525. 

A. foliis maculatis, spica densa secunda parviflora, petalis subulatis, labello 

patente oblongo sepalis aequali basi gibboso trilobo : lobo intermedio 

obovato mucronulato. 

Satyrium maculatum. Desf. Ft. Atl. 2. p. 319. sec. CambessSdes. 
Ophrys densiflora. Desf. Coroll. p.W.t. 16. 

Orchis secundiflora. " Bertol. Amcen. Ital. 82." Cambess. enum. PI. bal. 140. 
Himantoglossum secundiflorum. Rchb. Fl. Exc. 120. 

Hab. in Gallia australi, Italia, insulis Balearicis, Corsica, Barbaria, Desf. nec- 
non in Madera, Lowe. (v. v. c. et hab. s. sp.) 


Holothrix. Richard Annot . p. 33. 

Sepala conniventia, sequalia. Petala libera, patula, sepalis majora. Label- 
lum calcaratum, cum columna connatum, lobatum, concavum. An- 
thera erecta, loculis parallels ; glandulis polliniorum in bursieulis 

duabus segregatis insertis. Herbae parvee (Capenses); foliis minutis 

radicalibus ; caule esquamato j floribus herbaceis, minutis. 

1. Holothrix parvifolia. 

H. caule floribusque hirsutissimis. 

Orchis hispidula. Linn, suppl. p. 40. 
O. hispida. Thunb. Fl. Capens. 30. 

Hab. in Africa Australi j in arenosis depressis extra Caput B. Sp. in sum- 
mitate Taffelberg et rupibus lateris occidentalis ejusdem montis, Thun- 
berg. (hab. s. sp. Comm. eel. Bentham.) 

Herba vix 4-pollicaris, lanuginosa. Folia solitaria, subrotunda, minuta, 
gemina, hispida. Caulis esquamatus. Racemus strictus, floribus her- 
baceis magnitudine Herminii Monorchidis. Eractea; apice in setas Ion- 
gissimas tubulosas divisae. Petala torta, sepalis majora. Labellum 
infuudibulare, calcare obconico horizontal, limbo concavo trifido : laci- 
niis ovatis acutis. Obs. Flores glabri, salvis sepalis. 

2. Holothrix exilis. 

H. caule apice floribusque glaberrimo. 

Orchidea exilis. BurchellCat. Geogr. wo. 6738-1. 

Hab. in Africa Australi, Burchell. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Burchell.) 

Planta gracilis 4-unc. alta. Folium 1, radicale, minimum, ovatum, recurvum, 
subtus pilosum. Caulis filiformis strictus, rigidus, aphyllus, basi pilosua 
apice glaberrimus. Spica subspiralis, 5-6-flora. Flores minimi pihs 
aliquot rarissimis sparsis. Sepala membranacea, libera, secunda, obtusa. 
Petala carnosa, acuminata, obtusa, duplb longiora. Labellum conca- 
vum, basi membranaccum infundibulare ideoque calcara urn, 
carnosum trilobum j lobo intermedio producto acuminate obtuso. 

281 OPHRYDE^. 


Glossula. LindL in Bot. Reg. 862. Glossaspis. Spreng. Syst. 

Sepala cum petalis conformibus galeata. Labellum tripartitum, calcare 
brevi inflate Pollinia glandulis 2, cucullis duobus discretis inclusis. 

Rostellum maximum plicatum. Herba foliis Orchidis. Flores 

parvi, virides, laciniis lateralibus labelli longissimis. 

1. Glossaspis tentaculata. Lindl. I. c. cum ic. sub Glossula. 
Hab. in China, (v. v. c.) 


Platanthera. Richard. Orch. Diss. 35. 

Perianthium Orchidis. Calcar elongatum filiforme. Antbera loculis basi 
divergentibus. Glandular nudae. Stigma labio superiore (rostello) 
piano, antherse adnato ; canalibus bases antherae retinentibus. Pro- 
cessus carnosi o. Herbse habitu et indole Orchidis. 

At first sight this genus would seem to be the same as a section of 
Habenaria proposed by Dr. Brown in his Prodromus, p. 3 12, and cha- 
racterized by having the bases of the anther united lengthwise to the 
column ; and for a long time I so regarded it. But as the bases of the 
anther are, in all undoubted Habenarias, united to the stigmatic canals, 
this character falls to the ground ; and the genus has to depend upon 
another distinction, to which I can discover no exception j namely, to the 
absence of the fleshy processes of the lower lip of the stigma. Otherwise, 
Platanthera is the same as Habenaria. The species may be very naturally 
arranged as under. 

§ 1. Labellum indivimm. 

a. Labellum integrum, nunc basi bidentatum, aut repandum. 

b. Labellum incisum ; nunc tantum crenulatum. 
§ 2. Labellum tripartitum. 

a. Labelli laciniae indivisae. 

b. Labelli laciniae incisac aequales. 

c Labelli laciniae incisae ; lateralibus multo majoribus. 

§ 1. Labellum indivisum. 
a. Labellum integrum ; nunc basi bidentatum ; aut repandum. Series specie- 
rum ab unifoliis ad foliosas. 

1. Platanthkra obtusata. 

P. folio solitario obovato, caule saepius aphyllo, spica laxiuscula, sepalo 
supremo latissimo, petalis subtriangularibus acuminatis obtusis, labello 
acuminato apice recurvo calcaris conici arcuati acuti longitudine. 

Orchis obtusata. Pursk. I Fl. Am. Sept. 2, 588. 

Habenaria obtusata. Richardson in Franklin. Journ. p. 761. Graham in Edinb. TM> 
Juurn.App. — Jun. 1830. 

Hab. in America et Asia septentrionali .• in sylvis Nova; Scotia; frequens, 
Menzies; California, Douglas; America arctica, Richardson; Labradoria, 
Henn ; Sibiria, Preseott ; ora Americas occ. Demidoff. (hab. s. sp.) 
This species varies with its spur longer or shorter, and its petals more 


or less triangular and acute. Its flowers are also occasionally very 

2. Platantheka tipuloides. 

P. folio radicali solitario obtuso basi angustato caulino oblongo acutato 
superioribus minoribus, spica. brevi laxa, bracteis foliaceis linearibus 
acuminatis floribus duplb longioribus, petalis labelloque carnosis ovatis 
obtusis subaequalibus, calcare arcuato filiformi ovario longiore. 

Orchis tipuloides. Linn.! Suppl. 401. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 41. 

Hab. in Kamtchatka, Fischer, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Prescott.) 

Linnaeus petala hujus speciei labello annexit, et monstrum, nulli cognitum, 
effecit. Extat in ejus herbario, et procul dubio est planta a eel. Fischero 
sub nomine O. gracilis divulgata. 

3. Platanthera elegans. 

P. foliis binis oblongo-lanceolatis, caule squamis parvis ramentaceis, spica 
longa densa cylindracea, bracteis lineari-subulatis florum longitudine, 
sepalis campanulatis acuminatis obtusis, petalis labelloque carnosis 
ovato linearibus obtusis subaequalibus, calcare filiformi arcuato ovario 

Hab. in America boreali occidentali, Douglas, (hab. s. sp. comm. Soc. Hort.) 
Tubercula indivisa. Caulis sesquipedalis. Flores parvi. Glandulae pol- 
liniorum maxima?. 

4. Platanthera bifolia. Reichb. Fl. Excurs. Germ. 120. PI. Criticce, IX. 
1143. Mayrhofer, Orch. Austr. p. 30. 

P. foliis radicalibus binis obovatis caulinis paucissimis depauperatis, spica 
laxa multiflora, sepalis lateralibus reflexis, labello lineari obtuso petalis 
duplb longiore calcare filiformi apice incrassato duplb breviore, antherae 
lobis approximatis parallelis. 

Orchis hifolia. Linn.! Sp. PI. Bieb. Fl. Taur. Cauc. 2, 362. 

Orchis alba. Lamarck. 

Habenaria bifolia. R. Br. in Hort. Kew. 5, 193. 

Satyrium bifolium. Wahl. Fl. Suec. 558. 

Platanthera solstitialis. a Bnghn. ex Rchb. 

p. anthera emarginata ; labello admodum breviore. 

PI. brachyfflossa. Rchb. PI. Critic. IX. 1144. Fl. Excurs. Germ. 'J?. 

Hab. per omnem Europam ; a Suecia, Wahlenberg, et Anglia, ad Florentiam, 

Strangways. (v. v. et s. sp.) 
Flores odoratij nunc inodori. Sequente multb gracilior, et mintis 

virescens in floribus. 

5. Platanthera chlorantha. Rchb. PI. Criticce, IX. 1145. Fl. Excurs. 
Germ. 120 & % 

P. foliis radicalibus binis oblongis acutiusculis caulinis squamaeformibus, 
spica densa multiflora, sepalis lateralibus reflexis, labello angusto ovato- 
lanceolato obtuso petalis duplb longiore calcare filiformi apice incrassato 
duplb breviore, antherae lobis divaricatis distantibus. 

Orchis bifolia. Fl. Dan. 235. Eng. Bot. t. 22. 

Orchis virescens. Gaud. Fl. Helv. 5. 497. 

P- bifolia. Richard. Orch. Eur. Annot. 35. Lodd. Bot. Cab. 1653. 

P. bifolia, /3. Mayrhof. p. 30. 


Hab. in Europa ; a Scotia, Bentham, ad Viennam, Mayrhofer. {hab. s. sp. et 
v. v. sp.) 

Communis in Anglia. In partibus Europae australioribus deest, teste eel. 
Strangways, qui nullibi in Italia invenit, ubi PL bifolia ubique divulgatur. 

6. Platanthera Hookeri. 

P. foliis radicalibus binis orbiculatis planis, caule nudo, spica stricta mul- 
tiflora, sepalis lateralibus reflexis, labello lineari-lanceolato acuminata 
glabro sepalis partim longiore, calcare filiformi arcuato ovarii longitu- 
dine, antherae lobis basi adnatis. 

Habenaria Hookeri. Torrey's MSS. Gray in Ann. Lye. N. York, 1834, v. 3. 
Habenaria orbiculata. Hooker, Exot. Fl. t. 145. Loddiges, Bot. Cab. t. 1523 ? 

Hab. in America septentrionali : a Canada, Goldie, ad Virginiam, Hooker. 
(hab. s. sp.) 

Known at first sight from the following by the flowers being sessile in- 
stead of stalked, by its much shorter lip and spur, and by the form of its 
anther j besides which, the whole plant of P. Hookeri is smaller. 

7. Platanthera orbiculata. 

P. foliis radicalibus binis orbiculatis planis, caule subaphyllo, racemo laxo 
multifloro, sepalis lateralibus reflexis, labello lineari spathulato basi 
pubescente sepalis fere triplb longiore, calcare arcuato compresso ovano 
duplb longiore, antherae lobis basi elongatis liberis. 

Orcbis orbiculata. Pursh. Fl. Am. Sept. 2, 588. 
Habenaria orbiculata. Torrey, Compend. p. 318. 

Habenaria macrophylla. Hookeri in Edinb. Phil. Jour. vol. vi. 331. Beck Bot. of N. and 
M. St. N. Amer. 349. 

Hab. in Canada; in sylvis opacatis prope Montreal, Goldie. {hab. s. sp.) 

I am indebted to Dr. Torrey for the adjustment of the synonyms of this 
and the preceding species. 

8. Platanthera Menziesii. 

P. foliis radicalibus binis subrotundo-oblongis erectis, caule subbisquamato# 
racemo laxo paucifloro, sepalis obtusissimis, petalis truncatis labello 
lineari obtuso brevioribus, calcare pendulo obtuso apice inflexo ovano 

Hab. in ora occidentali Americas, septentrional'is. (hab. s. sp. cotntn. eel- 

9. Platanthera Schischmareffiana. 

P. foliis radicalibus binis obovato-lanceolatis canaliculatis, spica subsecunda 
multiflora, bracteis oblongis obtusis ovarii longitudine, sepalis oblongi* 
obtusis, petalis labelloque carnosis ovatis obtusis, calcare arcuato gra cl ' 
labelli longitudine. 

Habenaria Schischmareffiana. Chamisso in Linneea, 3. 29. 
? Spiranthes unalaschcensis. Spreng. syst. 3. 708. 

Hab. in Unalaschka, Chamisso. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Fischer.) 

Planta facie Herminii Monorchis. 

10. Platanthera Konigii. 

P. caule folioso, foliis inferioribus oblongo-lanceolatis obtusis emargina- 
tisque superioribus linearibus spicae fere asqualibus, spica densa cylindra- 


cea, bracteis herbaceis floribus sequalibus, labello subrhonibeo-lineari 

obtuso calcare inflexo obtuso longiore. 
a. petalis ovatis acutis. 

Orchis Konigii. Retz. Fl. Scand. 1087. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 39. Fl. Dan. t. 333. 
ft. petalis cordatis acuminatis. 
0. dolichorhiza. Fisch. ! MSS. 
Hab. in circulo arctico ; a. Islandia, Mcerck, Giseke ; ft. Unalaschka, Langs- 

dorff. (hab. s. sp. comm. cell. Lehmann et Fischer.) 

11. Platanthera herbiola. 

P. caule folioso, foliis inferioribus oblongis acutis superioribus lanceolatis 
acuminatis, spica densa cylindracea, bracteis herbaceis acuminatis flori- 
bus longioribus, labello lineari-lanceolato basi bidentato medio unitu- 
berculato calcare clavato dupld breviore. 

Habenaria herbiola. R. Br. in Hort. Kew. 5, 193. Beck. Bot. N. and M. Amer. 347. 

Orchis herbiola. Pursh. Fl. Am. Septr. 2, 743. 

Orchis fuscescens. Id.! 2, 587. Lodd. Bot. Cab. Elliott, Bot. Carol. 2, 488. 

Orchis bidentata. Elliott, I. c. 

? Orchis scutellata. Nuttall in Amer. Phil. Trans. N. S. 5, p. 161. 

Hab. in America septentrionali : Massachusetts, Torrey ; paludibus et pratis 
montanis, Beck, Pursh ; Georgia et Carolina, Elliott, (hab. s. sp. comm. 
eel. Torrey.) 
0. scutellata of Nuttall seems to differ in nothing except its lip being 


12. Platanthera hyperborea. 

P. caule folioso, foliis lanceolatis strictissimis acutis, spica laxiuscula sub- 
secunda, bracteis lineari-lanceolatis acutis flore longioribus, sepalis de- 
flexis, petalis labelloque linearibus obtusis subaequalibus calcaris obtusi 
penduli longitudine, radicibus longissimis carnosis. 

Orchis hyperborea. Linn. Mant. 121. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 37. Retz. Obs. Bot. 4, 30, t. 3. 

Habenaria hyperborea. R. Br. in Hort. Kew. 5, 193. Richardson in Franklin. 

Hab. in circulo arctico .- Gronlandia, Hb. Lehmann ; Islandia, Kbnig. ; Ame- 
rica arctica, Richardson, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 

13. Platanthera convallariaefolia. 

P. caule folioso, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis sensim decrescentibus, spica 
laxiuscula elongata, bracteis lineari-lanceolatis herbaceis floribus longi- 
oribus, petalis falcatis truncatis, labello lineari obtuso calcaris longi- 

Orchis convallariaefolia. Fisch. MSS. 

Hab. in Kamtchatka, Fischer, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Prescotl.) 

14. Platanthera dilatata. Lindl. Beck. Bot. N. and M. Amer. 347- 

P. caule folioso, foliis lanceolatis gramineisve, spica elongata cylindracea 
densa laxaque bracteis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis floribus aequahbus 
longioribusque, sepalis ovatis obtusis, petalis minoribus conformibus 
membranaceis, labello rhomboideo lineari-lanceolato obtuso calcaris 
obtusi longitudine. 

Orchis dilatata. Pursh. FL Am. Sept. 2, 588. 

Habenaria dilatata. Hooker, Exot. Fl. t. 95. 

Orchis agastachys. Fischer, MSS. 

Habenaria borealis. Chamisso in Linn. 3. 28. 


Hab. in America septentrionali . Canada, Goldie, Torrey ; Labradoria, Henn; 
ora occidentali, Douglas ; Unalaschka, Langsdorff. (hab. s. sp.) 

Variat floribus albis suaveolentibus, et virentibus ferfe inodoris. Chamisso. 
In my specimens of P. dilatata, from Dr. Torrey, the flowers are rather 
smaller, and the spike much more lax ; but I see no further difference. In 
Habenaria borealis the lip is scarcely so rhomboidal, and rather longer than 
the very obtuse spur. 

15. Platanthera huronensis. 

P. caule folioso, foliis inferioribus oblongis superioribus gramineis, spica 
laxfi. tenui, bracteis acuminatis florum longitudine v. longioribus, labello 
ovato-lanceolato calcaris incurvi eompressi longitudine. 

Orchis huronensis. Nuttall, Gen. Amer. 2, 189. 

Habenaria huronensis. Spreng. Syst. Beck. Bot. N. and M. Amer. 348. 

Hab. in America septentrionali ; locis humidis in insulis lacuum Huron et 
Michigan, Nuttall ; prope Albany, Torrey. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Hooker.) 

P. dilatata et septentrionali proxima, sed flores fere minores quam ffl 
P. herbiola. Character essentialis in foliis inferioribus latis florumque 
magnitudine constat. Caulis in unico exemplare quod examinavi fere 
2-pedalis fuit. 

16. Platanthera leucostachys. 

P. caule folioso, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis obtusis, spica longissima densk, 
bracteis florum longitudine, sepalis ovatis obtusis, petalis membranaceis 
linearibus emarginatis, labello rhomboideo lineari-lanceolato calcare 
filiformi arcuato duplb breviore, antherae lobis parallelis rostello maximo 

Hab. in ora occidentali America septentrionalis, Douglas, (hab. s. sp. comm. 
Soc. Hort.) 

Rostellum fer£ Gymnadeniae sed magnum et prominens. Flores verosi- 
militer albi. 

17. Platanthera gracilis. 

P. caule folioso, foliis linearibus acuminatis obtusis debilibus patentibus, 
spica laxa elongata floribus inferioribus remotis, bracteis angustis aCUl " * 
natis floribus longioribus, petalis obliquis acuminatis obtusis, labe 
lineari obtuso calcaris apice inflati obtusissimi longitudine. 

Hab. in ora occidentali America septentrionalis, Menzies ; Observatory IB 
Herb. Hooker, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Menzies.) 

Caules debiles, 1 £-2-pedales. Folia 3 -poll, longa, acuminata, nullo 
modo acuta. 

18. Platanthera stricta. 

P. caule folioso stricto, foliis ovato-lanceolatis internodiis duplo longio 
bus, spica laxa elongata, bracteis lineari-lanceolatis floribus longioribus, 
sepalo dorsali latiore, petalis ovatis acuminatis obtusis, labello lw ea 
obtuso calcare apice inflato obtusissimo duplo longiore. 

Hab. in America boreali-occidentali, Douglas, (hab. s. sp. comm. Hort. & 

Priore differt habitu stricto, foliis brevioribus (2^ -poll.) latioribus et nwS 1 * 
acuminatis, demum calcare duplo breviore. 



19. Platanthera graminea. 

P. caule folioso, foliis strictis inferioribus lineari-lanceolatis obtusiusculis 
superioribus acuminatis, spica laxiuscula, bracteis acuminatis floribus 
brevioribus, petalis obliquis apice truncatis tridentatis labello rhombeo 
lanceolato undulato venoso aequalibus calcare clavato arcuato dupl6 

Hab. in ora occidentali America septentrionalis, Menzies. (hab. s. sp. comm. 
eel. Menzies.) 

Glandulae maxima? polliniis sequales. 

20. Platanthera arcuata. 

P. caule folioso, foliis oblongis acutis, racemo laxo multifloro, bracteis 
foliaceis acuminatis floribus longioribus, sepalis seeundis, labello linean 
sepalis longiore, petalis linearibus liberis, calcare falcato ovario duplo 
Hab. in India septentrionali : Mussooree, Royle. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Royle.) 
Caudicula polliniorum cornea crassa ; glandula maxima membranacea. 

81. Platanthera latilabris. 

P. caule folioso, foliis ovato-oblongis acutissimis, spica longa laxiuscula., 
bracteis ovatis floribus brevioribus, sepalis ovatis acutis ciliatis, petalis 
conformibus glabris carnosis labello carnoso lanceolato brevioribus, 
calcare clavato labello duplo longiore, ovario rostrato. 

P. acuminata. Wall. cat. no. 7040 pars. 

Hab in India septentrionali, Waltich. (hab.s. sp. e. mus. Angl. Ind.) 

22. Platanthera acuminata. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7040. 

P. caule folioso, foliis ovato-oblongis acutissimis, spica longa laxiuscula, 
bracteis ovatis floribus brevioribus, sepalis oblongis obtusis ciliatis, 
petalis ovatis acuminatis carnosis glabris labello lineari carnoso aequi- 
longis et dupl&latioribus, calcare arcuato, labello multo longiore, ovario 

«• foliis acuminatis, petalis labelloque luteis, calcare albo. 

ft. foliis apice rotundatis, acutis, floribus omnino herbaceis, calcare viridi. 

Hab. in India septentrionali: Napalia et Kamaon, Wallich, occidentem 
versus Royle, (hab.s. sp. e. Museo Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict. comm. eel. 
This varies considerably in the length of the spur. 

23. Platanthera clavigera. 

P. caule folioso, foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis, spica elongata laxuis- 
cula, bracteis acuminatis florum, sepalis petahsq ; ovatis 
obtusis glabris, labello lineari acuto basi bidentato tuberculo uno in 
medio, calcare clavato obtusissimo labello longiore. 

Hab. in India Septentrionali ; Simla, ComUissa Dalfiousie. (exam. s. s P . in herb. 
This appears to vary a good deal in the size of the flowers. They are 

smaller than in P. dilatata. 

September, 1835- p P 



24. Platanthera ? japonica. 

P. "labello lineari subulato integerrimo, petalis obtusis, cornu genuine 

triplo longiore, caule folioso, foliis lanceolatis patentibus." W. 
Orchis japonica. Thunb.fl. Jap. 26. ic. pi. Jap. t. 3. Willd. 4. 11. 
Hab. in Japonia Thunberg. 

25. Platanthera angustata. 

P. " labelli limbo lineari, calcare attenuato." 

Mecosa angustata. BlumeBijdr.p. 404, t. 1. 

Hab. in Java, in montanis Salak et Burangrang, Blume. 

26. Platanthera Blumii. 

P. " labelli limbo ovato-oblongo, calcare clavato." 

Mecosa dilatata. Blume I. c. 

Hab. in Java, in altis montis Gede et Pangurangu, Blume. 

27. Platanthera apbylla. 

P. " racemo secundo, floribus campanulatis albis, nectario filiformi, foliis 
nullis." Forsk. 

Orchis aphylla. Forskahl. 

Habenaria aphylla. Brown Prodr. 1. 312. Spreng. syst. 6. 690. 

Hab. in Arabia ad Uahfdt et Kurma, Forskahl. (v. s. sp. in herb. Lehm.) 

Exemplar quod vidi in Hb. Lehm. fere defloratum fuit. Aphyllum inveni, 
vix spithamaeum, caule squamis plurimis oblongis cuspidatis vestito. 
Racemus secundus, 4 p. longus. Flores Goodyerce elatce forma et mag- 
nitudine. Sepala et petala defuere. Calcar filiforme, incurvum, apice 
inflexum. Antherse lobi basi inflexi dilatati, incurvi, aucti, more omnino 
insolito. Rostellum planum. 

28. Platanthera obcordata. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7050. 

P. caule humili dense folioso, foliis ovato-oblongis acutis, spica densa 
folios^, petalis sepalisque galeatis lateralibus patentibus labello, obcor- 
dato apiculato calcare longiore. 

Orchis obcordata. Don. prodr. nep. 23. 

Hab. in Napalia et Kamaon, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mm. Angl. hid. et v. ic. 

Caulis uncialis ad palmarem. Flores purpurei. 

29. Platanthera decipiens. 

P. caule folioso, foliis oblongis vix vaginantibus inferioribus obtusis supre- 
mis acutis, spic& multiflor^ laxiuscula, bracteis foliaceis inferioribus 
flore duplb longioribus, sepalis petalisque anguste ovatis acutiusculis, 
labello cuneato tridentato calcare curvo conico duplo longiore. 

a. labelli dentibus lateralibus denticulatis majoribus. 

/3. labelli dentibus lateralibus integerrimis minoribus. 

Hab. a in Sibiria, Prescott ; (3 in Kamchatka ? Id. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. 
Prescott.) v 

Planta facie Peristyli bracteati, spithamea ad pedalem. 


b. Labellum incisum, 7iunc tantum crenulatum. 
30. Platanthera cristata. 

P. caule folioso, folio inferiore longo lanceolato caeteris minoribus acumi- 
natis, spica oblonga densa multiflora, bracteis acuminatissimis florum 
longitudine, sepalo supremo ovato lateralibus deflexis rotundatis, petalis 
rotundatis crenatis, labello ovato margine lacero calcari clavato oblique, 
truncato subaequali. 

Orchis cristata. Mich. Amer. bor. 2. 156. Willd. sp. pi. 4. 9. Pursh. 2. 585. Elliott, Sketch, 

2. 483. 
Habenaria cristata. R. Br. in Hort. Kew. 5. 194. Lodd. Bot. Cab. t. 1651. Beck. Bot. M. 

and N. Amer. 348. 

Hab. in locis udis ad margines paludum, cum P. blephariglotti et ciliari 
intermixta, in America septentrionali : Carolina, Elliott ; Pennsylvania, 
Pursh ; Alabama, Drummond. (hab. s. sp.) 

Flores lutei. Gymnadeniae luteas simillima. 

SI. Platanthera holopetala. 

P. caule folioso, foliis ovato-lanceolatis acutis, spica laxa multiflora, 
bracteis lineari-lanceolatis ovarii longitudine, sepalis suborbiculatis ob- 
tusis supremo galeato, petalis linearibus acuminatis obtusis integerrimis, 
labello lanceolato margine lacero calcare filiformi dupld breviore, ovario 

Habenaria blephariglottis. Hooker! Exot. Fl. t. 87, nee aliorum. 

Hab. in Canada, Goldie. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 

Flores albidi. 

I conceive that this plant is unknown to American botanists ; for they 
all agree in the difficulty of distinguishing P. blephariglottis from ciliaris ; 
which would not be the case if they knew this species, in which the petals 
are entire. 

32. Platanthera blephariglottis. 

P. caule folioso, foliis inferioribus lanceolatis canaliculars sensim de- 
crescentibus, spica oblonga multiflora densa, bracteis foliaceis linearibus 
acuminatis floribus brevioribus, sepalis rotundato-oblongis lateralibus 
reflexis, petalis spathulatis dentatis, labello oblongo piano fimbriato 
medio papilloso calcare recto pendulo tripld breviore, ovario longissime 

Orchis blephariglottis. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 9. 

Habenaria blephariglottis. Beck. Bot. N. and M. Amer. 348 ? 

Hab. in America septentrionali: Pennsylvania, Muhlenberg; Canada, 

Schweinitz. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Bentham.) 
Flores albidi. 

This plant is well defined by Willdenow j but it appears to be little 
known to the writers on North American botany, who apparently mistake 
for it what I conceive is a white variety of PI. ciliaris. In many respects 
it is verv like that species ; but its flowers are smaller, the raceme is much 
more compact, the lip is flat, ovate-oblong, with short and nearly simple 
c »liae, and the anther is at least as tall as it is broad, while that of 
P. ciliaris is always, as far as I have seen, very much depressed, so as to 
°e greatly broader than tall. 


33. Platanthera ciliaris. 

P. caule folioso, foliis inferioribus ovato-lanceolatis supremis minimis, 
spica oblonga densa multiflora, bracteis acuminatis ovario brevioribug, 
sepalis reflexis ovato-subrotundis obtusis, petalis linearibus reflexis apice 
incisis, labello oblongo margine capillaceo multifido calcare arcuato 
duplb breviore, ovario colorato longissime rostrato. 

a. floribus aureis. 

Orchis ciliaris. Linn. Sp. Mich. Amer. 2, 156. Andrews, Bot. Rep. 1, /. 42. Willd. 

Sp.Pl.4,$. Pursh. 2, 585. Elliott, Sketch. 2, 483. Bot. Mag. t. 1668. 
Habenaria ciliaris. R. Brown in Hort. Kew. 5, 194. 

)8. floribus niveis. 

Orchis blephariglottis. Elliott, Sketch. 2, 483, et verosimiliter pi. auct. Amer. 
Hab. in America septentrionali ; a Canada ad Carolinam. (v. v. c. et hab. 
s. sp) 

Vai iat statura, et magnitudine florum ; maximi sunt in exeraplaribus 
varietatis aurese a Drummondio in Alabama lectis, minimi in Canadensi- 
bus var. niveau pertinentibus. 

§ 2. Labellum tripartitum. Labiena. 
a. Labelli lacinice indivisce. 

34. Platanthera rotundifolia. 

P. folio solitario radicali subrotundo-ovato piano, caule nudo, spica pau- 
ciflora laxiuscula, bracteis obtusis ovario brevioribus, sepalis petalisque 
obtusis, labello trilobo lobis lateralibus subfalcatis intermedio obcordato 
apiculato, calcare acuto labelli longitudine. 

Orchis rotundifolia. Pursh. Fl. Am. sept. 2. 

Habenaria rotundifolia. Richardson in Franklin's Journey, p. 761. 

Hab. in America septentrionali ; Rocky mountains, Drummond ; Hudson's 
Bay, Pursh. ; prope Anticosti, Goldie. {hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 

35. Platanthera ? graminea. 

P. caule folioso, foliis gramineis, spica brevi pauciflora, bracteis ovatis 
ovario brevioribus, labello trilobo lobo intermedio elongato calcare 

Habenaria graminea. Spreng. Syst. 3, 690. 
Satyrium gramineum. Thouars, Orch. Afr. t. 6. 

Hab. in Madagascaria, Thouars. 

Flo res purpurei. 

36. Platanthera cubitalis. 

P. caule folioso, foliis lineari-lanceolatis acutissimis, spica laxa foliosa, 
bracteis cucullatis cuspidatis acuminatissimis floribus longioribus, se- 
palis ovatis obtusis, petalis subulatis, labello tripartito laciniis lateralibus 
retrorsum falcatis calcare clavato pendulo triplo breviore. 

Orchis cubitalis. Linn. Sp. PI. 1333. Fl. Zeyl. 320. mild. Sp. PI. 4, 17. 
Habenaria cubitalis. R. Br. Prodr. 

Hab. in Zeylona, Hermann ; in pratis apricis ad latera colliiim altiorum 

prope Maturata, florens Novembre, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et ic. pict.) 
Sepalu viridm, klellu purpurco. 

ophrydejE. 293 

37. Platanthera longibracteata. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7048. 

P. caule folioso, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, bracteis longissimis foliaceis 
acuminatissimis, labelli tripartiti laciniis linearibus lateralibus abbre- 
viatis, calcare obtuso abbreviate 

Hab. in regno Burmano, ad ripas fluminis Irawaddy ad Sundya, Wallich. 
(hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Forte Habenaria ; sed processus nullos detegi in alabastro solitario quern 
examinare potui. An Peristylus ? 

38. Platanthera brachyphylla. 

P. foliis duobus radicalibus carnosis reniformi-orbiculatis, scapo squamis 
acuminatissimis vestito, bracteis ovatis cucullatis acuminatissimis florum 
longitudine, sepalis ovato-subrotundis supremo obtuso lateralibus acutis 
pendulis, petalis minoribus ovatis, labello alte tridentato sepalis breviore 
calcare clavato triplb breviore, ovario rostrato. 

Hab. in peninsula India? orientalis, Wight, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Wight.) 

39. PLATANTHERA flava. 

P. " labello trifido integerrimo ; lacinia media majore, cornu filiformi 
longitudine germinis, spica elongata congesta, bracteis flore longiori- 
bus." Pursh. sub Or chide. 

Orchis flava. Linn. Sp. PI. 1336. mild. Sp. PI. 4, 33, nee aliorum. 
Habenaria flava. R. Br. Prodr. 

Hab. in Virginia, Clayton. 

Pursh examined this in the Herbarium of Gronovius, and he seems to 
be the only modern botanist who has seen it. I have adopted his cha- 
racter, not having consulted the specimen myself. 

b. Labelli lacinia? incisa aquales. 

40. Platanthera incisa. 

P. caule folioso, foliis obovato-oblongis sursum decrescentibus, racemo 
oblongo multifloro, bracteis linearibus acuminatis floribus longioribus, 
sepalis oblongis lateralibus deflexis, petalis erectis oblongis denticulatis, 
labelli unguiculati subrotundi laciniis cuneatis inciso-denticulatis inter- 
media majore calcare duplb breviore. 

Orchis incisa. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 40. Pursh, 2, 589. 

Habenaria incisa. Spreng. Si/st. veg. 3. Beck. Bot. N. and M. Amer. 349. 

Hab. in America septentrionali : in pratis a Noveboraco ad Virginian, 

Pursh. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Beck, 8tc.) 

Flo res purpurei. 

41. Platanthera fimbriata. 

P. caule folioso, foliis oblongis sursum decrescentibus, racemo oblongo 
multifloro, bracteis linearibus acuminatis supremis floribus suba;quali- 
bus, sepalis oblongis obtusis lateralibus deflexis, petalis erectis oblongis 
obtusis incisis, labelli unguiculati subrotundi laciniis cuneatis inciso- 
denta'is intermedia majore calcare duplb breviore. 

Orchis fimbriata. Hort. New. td. 1 , 3, 297. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 39. Pursh, 2, 588. 

Habenaria fimbriata. R. Br. in Hurt. Kew. 5, 193. Beck. Bot. N. and M. Amer. 349. 



Hab. in America septentrionali : a Canada ad Pennsylvaniam, in pratis et 

paludibus montanis, Pursh. (hab. s. sp.) 
Flores purpurei. 

42. Platantheka crispa. 

P. caule folioso, foliis anguste lanceolatis acuminatis sursum decrescenti- 
bus, racemo cylindraceo denso multifloro, bracteis linearibus acuminatis 
floribus brevioribus, sepalis subrotundis patentissimis, petalis conformi- 
bus inciso-erispis, labelli unguiculati subrotundi laciniis cuneatis inciso- 
crispis intermedia majore, calcare triplo breviore, angulis ovarii crispis. 

Hab. in America septentrionali, Frazer. (hab. s. sp.) 

Flores baud majores quam in P. cristata ; facies quasi hybrids inter illam 
et P. incisam. Distinctissima. 

43. Platantheka fissa. 

P. caule folioso, foliis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis, spica oblonga multi- 
flora, bracteis acuminatis ovario brevioribus, sepalis subrotundo-ovatis 
obtusis, petalis obovatis denticulatis, labello 3-partito laciniis truncatis 
apice denticulatis lateralibus brevioribus intermedio bilobo, calcare 
filiformi duplb longiore. 

Orchis fissa. Phik. Amalth. t. 434,/. 6, bona. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 71. Pursh, 2, 589. 
Habenaria fissa. R. Br. Prodr. Beck. Bot. N. and M. Amer. 349. 
Orchis incisa. Nutt. Gen. 2, 189, nee aliorum. 

Hab. in America septentrionali ; in pratis montanis a Pennsylvania ad Vir- 

giniam, Pursh. (hab. s. sp. a Frazero.) 
Flores magni purpurei. Labellum sessile. 

44. Platantheka grandiflora. 

P. characteribus omnibus P. fimbriatae sed floribus duplb majoribus, labelh 
laciniis lateralibus altiils incisis intermedia latiore, bracteis inferioribus 
baud floribus longioribus. 

Orchis grandiflora. Bigelow. 

Habenaria grandiflora. Torrey in Beck. Bot. iV. and M. Amer. 349. 

Hab. in pratis Americce septenlrionalis ; Massachussets, Bigelow, Beck. (hab. 
s. sp. comm. eel. Boott.) 

This is probably a mere variety of P.fimbriata. 

45. Platantheka leucophsea. 

P. foliis angustis ovato-lanceolatis sensim angustatis, spica laxa multiflori, 
bracteis ovato lanceolatis acuminatis floribus aequalibus, petalis obovatis 
inciso-crenatis, labello 3-partito unguiculato : laciniis multifidis acumi- 
natis : ungue bilamellato, calcare filiformi longissimo apice clavato 
compresso acuto. 

Orchis leucophaea. Nuttatl in Am. Phil. Trans, vol. 5, n. a. p. 161. 

Hab. in America septentrionali, agro Arkansarttm, pratis humidis prope 
Kiamesha, Junio florens, Nuttall. (exam. s. sp. in herb. Torrey.) 

Inter Pl.fissam et psychodem, utramque magnitudine florum dupld superans 
candidorum. Folia praeterea angustiora, spicaque multo laxior specietn 
diversam satis indicant. 

46. Platanthera psychodes. 

P. caule folioso, foliis inferioribus oblongis obtusis supremis angustissinii* 


acuminatis, racemo laxo multifloro, bracteis foliaceis floribus longioribus, 
sepalis retusis lateralibus deflexis, petalis emarginatis, labello ungui- 
culato tripartito laciniis cuneatis capillaceo-multifidis subaequalibus, cal- 
care ovario duplb breviore. 

a. laciniis omnibus labelli muitifidis. 

Orchis psychodes. Linn. Sp. PI. 1336. Willd, Sp. PI. 4, 39. Pursh, 2, 3. 

Orcbis lacera. Mich. Fl. Am. Bor. 2, 156. Pursh, 2, 586. Elliott, Sketch. 2, 484. 

Sweet Fl. Gard. ser. 2,t. 73. 
Habenaria psychodes. Spreng. Syst. 3. Seek..' Bot. N. and M. Amer. 349. 
Habenaria lacera. R. Br. Prodr. 

/3. lacinia intermedia labelli indivisa. 

Hab. in America septentrionali ,• a. a Canada ad Carolinam ; /3. . 

{hab. a. s. sp. comm. eel. Boott et Beck ; /3. s. sp. Frazero tectum.) 
Flores albi virescentes. 

c. Labelli lacinice incisa ; lateralibus multb majoribus. 

47. Platanthera Candida. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7035. 

P. caule folioso subbifloro, foliis ovato-oblongis acutis supremis cucullatis, 
sepalis ovatis acutis, petalis linearibus nanis, labello cuneato-rhomboideo 
tripartito : laciniis lateralibus latis integris intermedia linearis calcare 
clavato labello duplo longiore. 

Habenaria triflora. Don. Prodr. 25. 

Hab. in Napalia et Kamaon, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e. Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

48. Platanthera uniflora. 

P. " labello maximo suborbiculato, perianthii foliolis ovalibus obtusis, 

calcaribus ovario fere duplb longioribus." Don. Prodr. 25. 
Habenaria uniflora. Don. Prodr. 25. 
Hab. in Napalia, Don. 

49. Platanthera Susannse. 

P. caule folioso subtrifloro, foliis ovato-oblongis acutis supremis cucullatis 
acuminatis, sepalis ovatis obtusis lateralibus obliquis dorsali rhom- 
boideo, petalis linearibus acutis, labelli tripartiti laciniis lateralibus 
truueatis multifido-laceris intermedia lineari, calcare duplb longiore. 

Flos Susannas. Rumph. Amb. 5, t. 99,/. 2. 

Orchis Susanna. Linn. Sp. PI. 1330. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 8. Lour. Fl. Cochinch. 2, 638. 

Habenaria Susannas. R. Br. Prodr. Blume, Bijdr. 1, 402. 

rlatanthera gigantea. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7052. 

Orchis gigantea. Smith, Exot. Bot. t. 100. 

Habenaria gigantea. Don. Prodr. 24. Hooker, Bot. Mag. 3374. 

Hab. in India orientali : Amboyna, Rumph. ; Java, prope Kuripan locis 
paludosis, Blume ; prope Canton, Loureiro ; Napalia, Wallich. {hab. s. sp. 
e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 
I can discover nothing like a distinction between the two species here 

combined. It is evident that Blume's plant is the same as the species in 

Nepal and China. 

50. Platanthera robusta. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7036. 

P. caule folioso 4-5-floro, foliis oblongis acutis supremis lanceolatis cucul- 
latis, sepalis ovatis acutis, petalis lineari-ovatis nanis, labelli tripartiti 



laciniis lateralibus cuneatis truncatis incisis intermedia lineari longiore, 
caleare longissimo. 

Hab. in regno Burmano ,• Prome, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

51. Platanthera dentata. 

P. " labello tripartito, laciniis lateralibus oblongis dentatis, intermedia 

lineari obtusa integra, cornu germine duplb longiore." 
Orchis dentata. Swartz in Act. Holm. 1800, p. 207. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 42. 
Hab. in China, Swartz. 

53. Platanthera radiata. 

P. foliis ensiformibus suberectis, caule subbifloro, bracteis acuminatis 
ovario duplb brevioribus, labello tripartito piano : laciniis lateralibus 
dilatatis ciliato-dentatis intermedia lanceolata, caleare filiformi acuto 
ovario aequali. 

Orchis Susannae. Thunb. Jap. 25. 

O. radiata. Thunb. in Act. Linn. Lond. 2, 326. Ic. PI. Jap. t. 2. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 8. 

Hab. in Japonia, Thunb. 


Perianthium Orchidis. Calcar elongatum. Columna cum basi labelh 
subconnata. Anthera subhorizontalis ; basibus divergentibus adnatis. 
Glandulae apicibus canalium (cucullis dimidiatis) inflexis tectse. R° s " 
tellum fornicatum, liberum, ultra lobos antherse projiciens. Processus 

carnosi o. Folium solitarium. Racemus secundus, multiflorus. 

Radices tuberculosa?. 

This genus differs from Platanthera in having the glands of the pollen 
masses concealed by the inflexed points of the stigmatic canals, which 
thus form an imperfect pouch, and in the enlarged projecting upPf 
lip of the stigma or rostellum. Gymnadenia Chusua approaches it » 
structure, but the cells of the anther of that species are parallel ana 

1. Hemipiua cordifolia. 

Platanthera cordifolia. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7049. 

Hab. in India septentrimali ; Gossain Than, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus- 
Angl. Ind.) 

Caulis semipedalis, folio unico radicali, cordato, oblongo, acuto, ample* 1 " 
caulij caetertim fere nudus. Racemus secundus. Bractea? ovat *' 
acuta?, ovario dupl6 breviores. Flores magnitudine Orchidis macuuita. 
Sepala ovata, patentia, obtusiuscula. Petala paulb minora, c. g» lea ?° 
agglutinata. Labellum cum basi columna? connatum, oblongum, tn ^ 
bum; lobis subaequalibus rotundatis intermedio productiore. Caic 
cylindraceum, obtusum, horizontale, ovario duplo brevius. 




Peristylus. Blume, Bijdr. 1, 404. Benthamia. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maurit. 

Omnia Platantherse ; sed calyx semper campanulatus et calcar brevissi- 

mum ssepius scrotiforme. 

Although this genus is separated on apparently very slight grounds 
from Platanthera and Herminium, yet it collects a natural group of species, 
and must, I think, be adopted. See observations under Herminium, to 
which I formerly referred all the species. 

1. Peristylus Chorisianus. 

P foliis binis lato-ovatis acutis, spica pauciflora laxiuscula, bracteis ovatis 
acuminatis floribus longioribus, sepalis ovatis obtusis membranaceis 
patentibus, petalis carnosis subrotundo-ovatis conniventibus, labello 
ovato canalicular obtuso apice cucullato, calcare brevissimo subtereti. 

Habenaria Chorisiana. Chamisso i?i Linnaa, 3, 31. 

Hab. in Unalaschka, Chamisso. {exam. s. sp. in herb. Hooker.) 

Caulis vix palmaris. Calcar scrotiforme sec. cl. Chamisso. 

2. Peristylus islandicus. 

P. caule diphyllo, bracteis foliaceis : inferioribus spica 4-5-flora longiori- 
bus, sepalis ovato-lanceolatis, petalis triplo angustioribus, labello lanceo- 
lato indiviso, calcare scrotiformi subdidymo. 

Hab. in Islandia. (exam. s. sp. in herb. Lehmann.) 

Tota planta vix 4 poll. alta. Folia oblonga, complicata. Flores cam- 
panulati, Herminio Monorchi duplb majores. 

3. Peristylus obsoletus. 

P. "labello oblongo lanceolato indiviso, petalis erectis, cornu obtuso 

scrotiformi, germinibus pedicellatis, scapo nudo, bracteis brevissimis 

squamaeformibus." W. 

Orchis obsoleta. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 34. „ mr - .„ 

Habenaria obsoleta. Spreng. Syst. veg. 3. Beck. Bot. M. and N. North Amtr. p. 348. 

Hab. in America septentrionali in locis umbrosis ; a Noveboraco ad Vir- 

giniam, Beck ; Pennsylvania, Muhlenberg. 

4. Peristylus latifolius. 

P. caule basi folioso, foliis 2-3 ovali-oblongis acutis basi amplexicaulibus, 
spica longissima cylindracea, labello concavo obsolete tnlobo acuminato 
petalis conformi, calcare apice inflato. 

Satyrium latifolium. Thouars, Orch. Afr. t. 10. 
Benthamia latifolia. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. t. 7, no. 2. 
Habenaria chlorantha. Spreng. Syst. 
Herminium latifolium. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1499. 

Hab. in Borbonia, Thouars; Mauritio, Bouton. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. 

5. Peristylus Commersonianus. 

P. "foliis tribus ad basin caulis rosellatis ovali-acutis nervosa, ; caule gra- 
Cilij spica longa; floribus minutis j labello subtr.angulan, basi subca- 
naliculato, calcare brevissimo recurve 
October, 1835. « ( 1 


Gymnadenia Commersoniana. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maurit. 27, t. 4. 
Hab. in sylvis Borbonia, Commerson. 

6. Peristylus citrinus. 

P. foliis 2 caulinis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis superioribus multo rainori* 
bus subulato-acuminatis subtus glandulosis, floribus glandulosis, labello 
cuneato angulis rotundatis, calcare minimo tereti. 

Habenaria citrina. Thouars, Orch. Afr. t. 16. Ach. Rich. I. c p. 21, /. 3. 

Hab. in Borbonia, Thouars. 

7. Peristylus densiflorus. 

P. " bulbis ovalibus indivisis ; foliis radicalibus lanceolatis petiolatis ; 

superioribus caulinis spathaeformibus ; spica densa, calcare scrotiformi. 

Satyrium densiflorum. Brot. Fl. Lusit. 1, 22. 
Hab. in Lusitania, Brotero. 

8. Peristylus cordatus. 

P. caule diphyllo, foliis cordatis acutis, spica secunda, sepalis petalisq. 
ovato-lanceolatis acutis subaequalibus, labello trilobo basi saccato, squa- 
mis antherae lateralibus elongatis clavatis. 

Satyrium diphyllum. Link, in Schrad. Diar. 1795), p. 323. 

Orchis cordata. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 28. 

Habenaria cordata. R. Br. Prodr. 312. Spreng. Syst. 3, 691. Hooker in Bot. Misc. \, 

270,/. 55. Bot. Mag. 3164. 
Herminiuin cordatum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. t. 1499. 

Hab. in Africd boreali-septentrionali, et Europa australi-occidentali : Lusitania, 
Link.; Tangier, Salzmann -, Madera", Lowe ; ad truncos arborum putres- 
centium in sylva Las Mercedes Tenerifce, Webb et Berthelot. («. c- c - " 
hab. s. sp.) 

9. Peristylus fallax. 

P. folio subsolitario caulino erecto lineari-lanceolato nunc caule longiore, 
spica subsecunda, sepalis ovatis acutis, petalis subulato-lineanbus, 
labello hastato-trilobo laciniis subaequalibus acutis, calcare brevi conico. 

Herminium fallax. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7412. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

10. Peristylus virescens. 

P. " labello lanceolato crenato, petalis conniventibus, cornu obtuso scro- 
tiformi, bracteis More longioribus." W. 

Orchis virescens. Muhl. in Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 37. 

Hab. in Pennsylvania, Muhlenberg. 

Unknown to North American botanists. Is it not some state o 

Peristylus viridis, or braeleata ? 

11. Peristylus bracteatus. 

P. caule folioso, foliis oblongis obtusis vel retusis sursum angustatis e 
acutioribus, spica laxa, bracteis foliaceis acuminatis floribus dupld tn« 
plbque longioribus, petalis lmearibus erectis, labello lineari truncal 
subcuneato angulis apice nunc productioribus calcare inflato brevi. 


Orchis bracteata. mild. Sp. PL 4, 34. Salisb. Paradis. t. 110. 

Habenaria bracteata. R. Br. in H. Kew. 5, 192. Sweet Fl. Oard. 0. S.\, 62. Pursk. 2, 
587. Exot. Fl. 3, t. 175. 

/3.? angulis ovarii alatis crispis. 

Hab. in America septentrionali frequens ; etiam in Sibiria ad Georiefsk, 
Prescott ; ft. in Sibiria, Id. (hab. s. sp.) 

I doubt whether this plant is really distinct from P. viridis ; at least, I 
can find no mark of distinction beyond the length of the bracts. The lip 
has either two or three terminal teeth. My Siberian specimens are 
identical with those from North America. 

12. Peristylus viridis. Lindl. Synops. Brit. Fl. 2d edit. p. 261. 

P. caule folioso, foliis oblongis inferioribus obtusissimis, spic& densft 
obtusa, bracteis foliaceis floribus longioribus, petalis linearibus erectis, 
labello lineari abrupte tridentato dente intermedio minore, calcare brevi 

Satyrium viride. Linn. Sp. PL 1337. Eng. Bot. t. 94. 

Orchis viridis. Swartz. Act. Holm. 1800, p. 207. mild. Sp. PL 4, 33. 

Habenaria viridis. Brown in Hort. Kew. 5, 192. Hooker, Fl. Lond. c. ic. 

Gymnadenia viridis. Rick. Annot. 

Platanthera viridis. Lindl. Si/nops. 261. 

Himantoglossum viride. Rchb. Fl. Excurs.p. 119. 

Hab. in alpinis turfosis omnis Europce et Asia occidentalis ; etiam in agro 
Alabama Americce septentrionalis, Drummond. (hab. s. sp.) 

13. Peristylus albidus. Lindl. I. c. 

P. caule folioso, foliis inferioribus oblongis obtusis supremis acutis canali- 
culars, spica cylindracea multiflora, bracteis acutis florum longitudine, 
petalis ovato-subrotundis, labello trifido laciniis subaequalibus acutis, 
calcare brevi tereti obtuso. 

Satyrium albidum. Linn. Sp. PL 1338. Eng. Bot. t. 505. 

Orchis albida. Swartz. Act. Holm. 1800, p. 207. mild. Sp. PL 4, 38. Fl. Danica, 

t. 115. 
Orchis alpina. Crantz. Stirp. Austr. 486. 

Habenaria albida. Brown in H. Kew. 5,193. Hooker, FL Lond. c. ic. 
Gymnadenia albida. Rich. Annot. p. 
Platanthera albida. LindL Synops. 261. 

Hab. in alpinis Europe, (hab. s. sp.) 

14. Peristylus Hamiltonianus. 

P. foliis (pluribus) lanceolatis acuminatis spica densa cylindracea longiori- 
l>us, bracteis setaceo-acuminatis floribus multo longioribus, sepalis 
petalisq. obtusis conformibus aequalibus, labello rotundato tridentato, 
calcare orbiculari. 

Herminium Hamiltonianum. LindL in mall. Cat. no. 7069. 

Hab. iii collibus Morang, India orientalis, Hamilton, {hab. s. sp. e Museo 
Anglo. Indico.) 

15. Peristylus goodyeroides. 

P. caule basi laxe vaginato medio folioso, foliis ovato-oblongis acutis 
abrupte in squamis acuminatissimis transeuntibus, spica longa cylindra- 
cea, sepalis petalisque ovatis acutis subaequalibus, labello tripartito 
laciniis ovatis acutis, calcare rotundo inflato. 

Habenaria goodyeroides. Don. Prodr. Nep. 25. 
Herminium goodyeroides. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7060. 

300 OPHRYDE^. 

/3. floribus minoribus, spicis foliisq. brevioribus. 

Habenaria affinis. Don. I. c. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallkh. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo- Indico ; |3. comm. eel. 

Caulis altitudine variat a palmari ad sesquipedalem. 
Flores ochroleuci. 

16. Pekistylus plantaginea. 

P. foliis (3) erectis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis spicse fere sequalibus, sepalis 
ovatis, petalis subrotundis obtusis, labello rotundato obtuse tridentato, 
calcare sphaeroideo. 

Herminium plantagineuin. Lindl. in Hot. Reg. 1499. 

Hab. in Zeylona, Macrae, (hab. s. sp.) 

17. Peristylus constricta. 

P. caule basi kixh vaginato medio folioso, foliis pluribus oblongo-lanceolatis 
scapo brevioribus abrupte in squamis acuminatis transeuntibus, sepalis 
lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis, petalis eonformibus duplb angustioribus, 
labello trifido : laciniis acuminatis lateralibus angustioribus et longion- 
bus, calcare vesicato. 

Platanthera constricta. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7043. 
Hernrinium constrictum. Hot. Reg. I. c. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallkh. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico, et v. ic. pict.) 

IS. Pekistylus gracilis. Blume, Bijdr. 2, 404. 

P. " foliis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis, labelli limbo 3-partito, laciniis 

lateralibus angustissimis, media lanceolata, calcare subclavato.' 
Hab. in Java ; in sylvis montium Seribu Provinciae Buitenzorg, Blume. 

19. Pebistylus grandis. Blume, I. c. t. 30. 

P. " foliis lato-oblongis acuminatis, labelli limbo semitrifido, calcare 

Hab. in Java ; in sylvis humidis montis Salak, Blume. 

20. Pekistylus aristatus. 

P. caule gracili basi nudo vaginato medio folioso, foliis ovato-lanceolatis 
petiolatis membranaceis abrupte in squamulis quibusdam (2) distantibi 
transeuntibus, spica rara pauciflora, sepalis ovatis acutis, petalis subu 
latis majoribus, labello tripartito laciniis lateralibus setaceis A e * u ° slS 
intermedia recta carnosa subulata longioribus, calcare ovali infla 
antice costato. 
Hab. in Zeylona, in lucis prope Peradeniam, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et ic p cl -> 
Caulis gracilis pedalis et ultra. Flores minimi herbacei. 

? 21. Peristylus atlanticus. 

P. foliis lanceolatis maeulatis, spica densa brevi obtusa, sepalis acut1 ^ 

labello trilobo lobis linearibus angustissimis intermedio longiore 

latiore, calcare abbreviato obtuso. 
Orchis atlantica. Willd. Sp. PI. 4,42. 
Satyriura atlanticum. Dcsf. Fl. Atl. 2, 319, 


Hab. in Atlantide, Desfontaines. 

Caulis semipedalis. An P. albido affinis ? An potius Acerati amandandus ? 


Sepala conniventia, lateralia labello supposita et saccata. Petala carnosa 
spathulata duplb longiora. Labellum posticum magnum convolutum 
apice carnosum et divisum brevi-calcaratum. Anthera reclinata, loculis 
basi distantibus adnatis. Pollinia parva, glandula vix a caudicula crassa 

distinguenda. Folia Caulis pilosissimus. Spica longa, 

cylindracea, densissima. Flores parvi. 

The saccate lateral sepals and whole habit separate this from Peristylus 
and Platanthera ; to say nothing of the very curious lip. 

1. Saccidium pilosum. 

Orchidea pilosa. Burch. Cat. Geogr. no. 7483. 

Hab. ad Caput Bonce Spei, Burchell. {exam. s. sp. in herb. Burchell.) 

Folia nulla adsunt in unico exemplari quod coram habeo. Caulis sub- 
pedalis pennae columbinae crassitudine, purpurascens, pilis longis divari- 
catis vestitus. Spica 8 poll, longa, densissima. Bracteae ovatae acumi- 
natae pilosae ovario breviores. Flores glabri, 4 lineas longi. Sepala 
eequalia ovata acuta, lateralia acute saccata. Petala spathulata, obtusa, 
scabriuscula, sepalis duplb longiora. Labellum magnum, convolutum, 
petalorum longitudine, cuneatum, tridentatum ; dentibus carnosis aequa- 
libus trilobis intermedia nunc integra. Calcar breve incurvum sub- 


Sepala patentia, impare paulo majori. Petala et labellum posticum ecal- 
caratum conformia. Anthera stipitata, resupinata, loculis basi fere 
adnatis non elongatis divergentibus j glandulis nudis. Stigma brachiis 
duobus canaliculars a fronte et rostello subquadrato crassissimo inter 

brachia et antheram interposito. — Herba rigida, foliis radicalibus 

gramineis, spica crassa rigida, floribus parvis. 

A very curious plant, with a rostellum so thick and large as completely 
to cut off the anther from the stigmatic processes or arms, which project 
forward like two horns. The anther is like that of Repandra. 

1. Pachites appressa. 

Orchidea appressa. Burch. Cat. Geogr. no. 7356. 

Hab. ad Caput Bonce Spei, Burchell. (exam. s. sp. in herb. Burchell.) 

Planta sesquipedalis, rigida, crassa, exsiccatione ferruginea. Radices 
videntur fibrosae. Folia radicalia 4 uncias longa, linearia, carnosa, basi 
valde membranacea et dilatata. Spica fere pedalis, densissima, cylin- 
dracea, floribus arete appressis. liracte* longe acuminata?, appressa;, 


floribus longiores. Sepala 3-4 lineas longa, ovata, coneava, acuta, 
impare lateralibus latiore. Petala ovato-oblonga acuta; labellum ejus- 
dem forrnae sed angustius ; omnia patula. 


Caeloglossum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1701. 

Sepala conniventia, aequalia, libera. Petala conformia, ungui labelli ad- 
nata. Labellum carnosum, unguiculatum, calcaratum, tripartitura, 
disco saepius tuberculatum ; ungue valde carnoso, concavo, ascendeute, 
rnargine nunc eroso et glanduloso, saepius (an semper) processus 2, car- 
nosos, clavatos, ex ore calcaris ortos, parallelos, adnatos gerente. 
Anthera parva, cavitate unguis brevior, lobis basi ascendentibus, rostello 

tridentato brevi adnatis. Gland ulas nudae. Herbae, (Indicae,) radi- 

cibus testiculars, caule folioso aut vaginato. Flores omnium miauti. 

1. Cojloglossum lacertiferum. 

C. foliis radicalibus 2-3 oblongo-lanceolatis caeteris squamaeformibus acutis 
appressis, spica gracili rara, bracteis acuminatis ovarii longitudine, 
labello lineari medio callo magno elevato apice trilobo lobis linearibus 
acuminatis intermedio longiore, calcare ovato inflato obliquo acuto. 

Gymnadenia? tenuiflora. Lindl. Wall. Cat. no. 7055. 

Hab. in Tavoy, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

2. Cosloglossum acuminatum. 

C. foliis pluribus radicalibus oblongo-lanceolatis caeteris acuminatis squams- 
formibus, spica rara multiflora, bracteis acuminatis florum longitudine, 
labello tripartito basi bicalloso laciniis setaceis divaricatis intermedia 
breviore, ungue marginato crispo, calcare ovato inflato apiculato. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

This plant has been sent from India by Dr. Wallich under the name of 

Goodyera glabrata. 

3. Cqjloglossitm brevifolium. 

C. foliis radicalibus parvis ovato-lanceolatis caeteris minutis acumma 
squamaeformibus, spica rara gracili, bracteis acuminatis ovarii " >n » 1 .. { . 
dine, labello tripartito laciniis lateralibus linearibus obtusis intermedi 
ovata breviore, calcare clavato pendulo labello longiore. 

Habenaria micrantha. Wall. MSS. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Is it possible that Habenaria gracilis, Colebrooke MSS. and H joker, 

Exot. Fl. t. 135, is this plant ? If not, I am acquainted with no India 

species to which the drawing can be referred. 

4. Co2Loglossum densum. 

C. caule folioso, foliis lanceolatis acuminatis sensim decrescentibus, sptf 
oblonga densa, bracteis acuminatis floribus aequalibus, labello tripar ti 
laciniis lateralibus setaceis intermedia lineari breviore : unguis niargi 
incrassato undulato, calcare pendulo labello dupl6 longiore. 


Gymnadenia? tenuis. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7057. 

Hab. in montibus Sylhet, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

5. Cceloglossum secundum. 

C. caule folioso, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis planis, spica densa 
secunda, bracteis ovato-lanceolatis setaceo-acuminatis foliaceis noribus 
longioribus, labello tripartito laciniis lateralibus filiformibus intermedio 
lineari triple breviore, ungue lineari margine eroso, calcare scrotiformi 

Gymnadenia secunda. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7054. 

Hab. verosimiliter in montibus Mysorensibus. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 
The specimens of this plant were distributed by Dr. Wallich without 
any locality being assigned to them. Being from Heyne's Herbarium 
they could not have been from the North of India, but were probably from 
the Ghauts or from Ceylon. 


Monotris. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1701. 

Sepala membranacea, postice connata, lateralibus antice distinctis, labello 
petalisque duplo minora. Petala carnosa, acuminata. Labellum liberum, 
apice carnosum, trifidum, cucullatum, basi cornutum. Anthera libera, 
erecta, loculis basi divergentibus : valvulis exterioribus dilatatis, in- 
curvis, glandulam tegentibus. Radices testiculatae. Folium mini- 
mum radicale. Caulis retrorsum hispidus. Flores parvi secundi. 
Bractese et sepalorum margines hispida. 

1. Monotris secunda. 

Orchidea hispida. Burch. Cat. Geogr. no. 6369. 

Hab. ad Caput Bonce Spei, Burchell. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Burchell.) 

"lanta facie Holotrichis parvifolice. Folium unum solitarium minimum 
ovatum hispidum. Caulis aphyllus retrorsum hispidus. Bracteae cucul- 
latae, strigoso-hispidae, floribus duplo breviores. Calyx tridentatus 
ciliatus. Petala ovata, acuminata, carnosa, calyce duplb longiora. 
Labellum petalis parallelum, basi infundibulare, apice carnosum trilo- 
bum, lobis lateralibus unidentatis intermedio paulo brevioribus. 


Scopularia. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1701. 

Calyx membranaceus, connivens, sepalis lateralibus minoribus. Petala 
membranacea, lacero-multifida, circa labellum convoluta. Labellum 
erectum, convolutum, membranaceum, calcaratum, apice lacero-multifi- 
dum. Anthera libera, erecta; loculis approximatis, parallelis, basi 
dilatatis ascendentibus cucullum magnum inaequilateralem glandulas 
tegentem formantibus. Cilandulae polliniorum sub basi dilatata loculo- 
rum antherae absconditae, cucullo nullo (quantum videre potui) inclusae. 


Radices testiculatae. Folia radicalia raembranacea. Caulis 

aphyllus. Spica elongata subsecunda. 

1. Scopularia Burchelli. 

Orchidea pectinata. Burch. Cat. Geogr. no. 6709. 

Hab. ad Caput Bonce Spei, Burchell. (exam. s. sp. in herb. Burchell.) 
Radices testiculatae, lanatae. Folia radicalia verosimiliter 2, raembranacea, 
suborbiculata ? Caulis pilosus 8 poll, altus, omnino nudus nisi squamulis 
quibusdam distantibus juxta fastigium. Spica 5j poll, longa, multi- 
flora. Bracteae ovatae, acuta?, glabrae, ovario multo breviores. Flores 
parvi. Sepala ovata acuta, impar majus et longius. Petala cuneata, 
membranacea, calyce longiora, apice capillaceo-multifida. Labellum 
cum petalis convolutum, trilobum ; lobis lateralibus bitidis acutis inter- 
medio rotundato margine capillaceo-multifido. 


Aopla. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1701. 

Calyx bilabiatus. Sepala lateralia deflexa, supremum erectum cum petalis 
agglutinatis galeam formans. Labellum lineare, ecalcaratum. Anthera 
brevis, erecta, lobis brevibus ascendentibus, rostello decurvo elongate 

Glandulae nudae. Herba (Indica) radicibus testiculars. Folium 

solitarium, radical e. Spica laxa secunda. Flores herbacei. 

1. Aopla reniformis. 

Herminium reniforme. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7067. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico, et v. ic. pict-) 
Folium solitarium suborbiculatum cordatum. Sepalum supremum petalaq. 
conniventia : inferiora subparallela porrecta; labellum lineare esaccatum. 


Herminium. R. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. Chamorchis. Rich. Annot.p- 35. 

Sepala membranacea, subaequalia, conniventia. Petala magis carnosa, 
labello subconformia. Labellum carncsum, saepius vix petalis longius, 
rhomboideum, integrum, vel tridentatum ; basi nunc planiusculuna, 
saepius saccatum v. gibbosum. Columna utrinque squama (anthera 
sterili) instructa. Anthera erecta, minuta, loculis basi divergentibus. 

Rostellum planum. Pollinia glandulis nudis. Herbae, radicibus 

testiculatis. Flores parvi, saepius herbacei, nunc albi. 
As limited by Dr. Brown, this genus was confined to H. monorchis, and 
was characterized by the naked glands of the pollen masses, and the spur- 
Jess labellum. Richard adopted Dr. Brown's views, but added the flat 
rostellum to its character. But, the labellum of H. monorchis being dis- 
tinctly saccate, the genus might be considered to represent a group ot 
species in which, as in Aceras, a short spur may be expected to occur: 
and in reality, upon studying the exotic Ophrydeae, it is impossible not to 


observe that there is a number of plants resembling H. monorchis in habit, 
but differing in having a short and, usually, inflated spur. In some respects 
it might be advisable to combine all these plants under one generic name ; 
and I formerly thought of adopting this plan ; but upon a more mature 
consideration of the numerous unpublished species with which I have since 
become acquainted, I have been obliged to abandon the opinion. This 
point settled, the next question naturally was, are they to be placed 
in Platanthera ; with which they may easily be made to combine techni- 
cally. There is, however, a certain peculiarity of appearance in the cal- 
carate Herminia which is unfavourable to their combination with Pla- 
tanthera j and, upon the whole, I have at last made up my mind that the 
best course to take is to adopt Blume's genus Peristylus for all the plants 
that would be Herminia if they had not a spur, confining the latter genus 
to the absolutely spurless species. 

Chamorchis of Richard has undoubtedly a folded rostellum ; but at the 
same time the plicature exists in so very inconsiderable a degree, and the 
plant agrees so nearly with true Herminia in habit, that I am not willing 
to consider it distinct. 

1. Herminium monorchis. R. Rrown in Hort. Kew. I. c. 

H. foliis radicalibus binis ovato-oblongis, labello petalisque tridentatis, 
spica longa cylindracea pedunculate. 

Ophrys monorchis. Linn. Sp. PI. 1342. Willd. Sp. PL 4, 61. E. Bot. t. 71. 

Orchis monorchis. Crantz. Austr. 478. 

Satyrium monorchis. Pers. 

Arachnites monorchis. Hoffm. sec. Rchb. Fl. Exc. 1 19. 

Herminium monorchis. Rich. Annot. Hooker in Fl. Lond. c. ic. 

Hab. in pratis saepius subalpinis Europee et Asice occidentalis. (v. v. sp.) 

2. Herminium alpinum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1499. 

H. foliis linearibus gramineis, labello ovato repando petalis acutis duplfc 

fflajore, spica pauciflora foliis breviore. 
°phrys alpina. Linn. Sp. PL Jacq. Find. t. 9. 
Orchis graminea. Crantz. Fl. Austr. 
Uamorchis alpina. Rich. Orch. Europ. 35. 

Hab. in alpibus Europte. (hab. s. sp.) 

3. Herminicjm gramineum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7413. 

" folio radicali lanceolato canaliculato, labello integerrimo concavo 

acuminato petalis duplb breviore, spica secunda elongata. 
Neottia monophylla. Don. Prodr. 
Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

4 - Herminium congestum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7068. 

H. foliis erectis oblongis apice latioribus spicae densae subaequalibus, 
bracteis squamaeformibus ovario brevioribus, sepalis ovatis obtusis, 
petalis ovalibus subaequalibus, labello ovato integro convexo basi gib- 
boso et marginato. Bot. Reg. 1499. 

Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Museo Anglo-Indico.) 

October, 1835. 



Habenaria. Willd. Sp. PI, 4, 44. 

Perianthiura Orchidis. Calcar elongatum. Columna libera reclinata, 
Anthera basibus loculorum solutis divergentibus canalibus stigmaticis 
adhaerentibus. Glandulae nudae. Rostellum planum, antherae adnatum. 
Processus carnosi 2 stigmatici, ultra antberam projicientes, saepins ori 
calcaris adnati, forma varii. Habitus Orchidis. 

As now limited, this extensive genus comprehends all the species of 
Ophrydeae with a small rostellum, naked glands, and a long spur, provided 
they have two fleshy processes of the stigma projecting from the back of 
the mouth of the spur. I formerly intended to define the genus in an- 
other manner ; but a very careful re-examination of every species to which 
I have access convinces me that these are the surest characters we can 
depend upon. 

A. Erostres; ovariis pedunculatis subcylindraceis,autfusiformibus, nunquam rostratis. 
Plerceijue Americana. 

$ 1. Petala 2-3-fida. 

* Sepalum supremum petalis angustius. 
** Sepalum supremum petalis majus. 

a. Petalorum laciniae latitudine subaequales. 

b. Petalorum lacinia anterior angustior et elongata. 

c. Petalorum lacinia anterior nana. 
% 2. Petala indirisa. Hen mi a. 

a. Labellum simplex, vel laciniis lateralibus minimis. 

b. Labellum trifidum, laciniis filiformibus indivisis. 

c. Labellum trifidum, laciniis lateralibus dilatatis v. fissis. 

B. Rostrate ; ovariis sessilibus apice angustatis saepius longe rostratis.- 0««» 


A. Erostres. 

§ I. Petala 2-3-fida. 

* Sepalum supremum petalis angustius. 

1 . Habenaria rotundifolia. 

H. folio solitario radicali subrotundo-cordato piano obtuso, racemo 3-floro : 
floribus longfe pedunculatis, petalis latissimis ovatis acutis : lacinia 
anteriore subulata, labelli tripartiti laciniis subaequalibus intermedin 
latiore, calcare incurvo clavato obtuso labello paulo longiore. 

Habenaria ? grandiflora. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7032. 

Hab. in India orientali. (hab. s. sp. ex herb. Anglo-Ind.) 

Semipedalis. Flores mediocres, quapropter nomen grandiflora reject 
Sepala explanata, subaequalia, ovata, acuta. Omnes partes glabra?. 

* * Sepalum supremum petalis majus. 
a. Petalorum laciniae latitudine subaequales. 

2. Habenaria abortiens. 

H. foliis lanceolatis erectis, racemo elongato multifloro : bracteis foliosis 
florum fere longitudine, sepalo supremo nano, petalis minimis lacinia 
anteriore latiore bifida, labelli tripartiti lacinia intermedia lineari obtusa 
lateralibus dimidio brevioribus subulatis, calcare clavato acummato 
labello longiore, basibus anthers elongatis. 

Hab. in Peruvia, Hamke. (exam. s. sp. in herb. Martii.) 

Radices tomentosae, tuberculo in exemplo nullo. Caulis bipedalis &** 



foliosus. Sepala maxima, reflexa, falcata. Processus carnosi lanceolati, 
decurvi. Anthera oraninb horizontalis. 

3. Habenaria digitata. 

H. foliis ovato-oblongis undulatis acutis, racemo laxo elongato multifloro, 
bracteis lanceolatis ovarii longitudine, petalis bipartitis ; laciniis lineari- 
bus anticis cum basi labelli connatis, labelli tripartiti laciniis subaequali- 
bus linearibus acutis calcare clavato acuto brevioribus. 

Bonatea punduana. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7063. 
Bonatea herbacea. Wallich. 

Hab. in India orientali supra montes Punduanas, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e 
Museo Anglo- Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 

Caulis 1-2-pedalis, foliosus. Flores parvi, herbacei, laciniis subulatis basi 
albis. Sepalum supremum suborbiculatum. Processus carnosi oblongi 
et bases antherae longo intervallo distantes. Ut Bonatea lacinias habet 
anteriores petalorum cum labello connatas ; sed stigma est Habenaria 
nee prioris generis. 

4. Habenaria secunda. 

H racemo denso subsecundo multifloro, bracteis lanceolatis acumi- 

natis florum fere longitudine, petalis bipartitis : laciniis anterioribus 
falcatis paul5 angustioribus et longioribus, labelli tripartiti laciniis 
linearibus obtusis subsequalibus, calcare pendulo crasso clavato. 

Hab. in Brazilia prope Rio Janeiro, (hab. s. sp.) 

Apicem racemi tantum possideo. Sepala subaequalia, supremum latissimum 
complicatum subcordatum, lateralia explanata. Antherae partes putridae 
haud examinatu idoneae sunt. 

5. Habenaria pentadactyla. 

H. foliis anguste lanceolatis carinatis, racemo laxo multifloro, bracteis 
foliaceis acuminatis ovarii arcuati longitudine, petalis bipartitis a galea 
plana liberis : laciniis posterioribus membranaceis conniventibus an- 
terioribus linearibus carnosis patentissimis longioribus, labelli tripartiti 
carnosi sepalis brevioris laciniis linearibus aequalibus, calcare clavato 
apice ventricoso ovarii longitudine. 
Hab. in Bonaria in paludosis, Tweedy, {hab. s. sp. coram, eel. Hooker.) 
Caulis spithamaeus, dimidia fere omni superiore florida. Folia 2£ poll. 
longa. Sepala patentissima ; superiore subrotundo breviore. 

6- Habenaria macrostachya. 

H. foliis obovato-lanceolatis in petiolo angustatis, racemo laxo multifloro, 
bracteis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis ovario subaequalibus, petalis bi- 
partitis : laciniis setaceis longissimis divaricatis aequalibus, labelli tri- 
partiti laciniis subaequalibus setaceis, calcare cylindraceo pendulo acuto, 
sepalis acuminatis. 

H ab. in umbrosis Zeylonce, florens Octobre, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et v. ic.pict.) 

Caulis sesquipedalis et ultra, basi squamatus j tuberculo oblongo integro. 
Folia atroviridia costa rubescente. Flores herbacei. Sepala aqualia, 
explanata, non reflexa. Petala et labellum rubro maculata. Processus 
carnosi lineares, paralleli, obtusi. 


7. Habenabia Salaccensis. Blume, Bijdr. t. 13. 

H. " labello trjpartito ; laciniis linearibus media longiore, calcare filiformi 
ovarium subaequante, sepalis interioribus periinthii basi bipartitis." 

Hab. in Java ; in umbrosis montis Salak, Blume. 

H. macrostachya valde affinis videtur, sed petalorum laciniae anteriores sunt 

8. Habenabia arachnoides. Thouars, Orch. Afr. t. 18. 

H. foliis anguste lanceolatis acutis, racemo laxo multifloro, bracteis ovatis 
squamiformibus, petalis bipartitis : laciniis linearibus anterioribus lon- 
gioribus, labelli tripartiti laciniis lateralibus intermedia duplo breviori- 
bus, calcare filiformi apice inflato obtuso, sepalis lateralibus triangulari- 
bus supremo majoribus. 

Hab. in Madagascaria, Thouars. 

Flores flavescentes. 

9. Habenabia bractescens. 

H. foliis densis lanceolatis erectis, racemo paucifolio, bracteis foliaceis 
cucullatis acutis ovario brevioribus, petalis bipartitis : laciniis subsequa- 
libus sinu lato rotundato divisis anteriore carnosa lineari obtusa pos- 
teriori membranaceae aequali, labelli tripartiti laciniis carnosis filitormi- 
lanceolatis aequalibus lateralibus ascendentibus, sepalis subaequalibus 
patulis supremo galeato, calcare pendulo apice compresso ovario longiore. 
Hab. in paludibus Bonarice, Tweedy, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 
Subpedalis dense foliosus. Folia verosimiliter mollia, 3 poll, longa. 
Sepala \ unciam longa. Processus carnosi antherae maxiini, longis- 
simi, spatulati, apice rotundati. 

b. Petalorum lacinia anterior angustior et elongata. 

10. Habenabia macroceras. Spreng. Syst. veg. 3, 692. Hooker, Bo . 
Mag. t. 2947. 

H. foliis oblongis obtusis, racemo laxo paucifloro, bracteis foliaceis ovar " 
longitudine, petalis bipartitis : lacinia anteriore filiformi recurya duplo 
longiore, labelli tripartiti laciniis lateralibus filiformibus recurvis inter- 
media breviore lineari emarginata, calcare arcuato subclavato ovario 
triplb longiore, sepalis lateralibus reflexis. 

Orchis Habenaria. Linn. Sp. PI. 1331. Swartz! Obs. 319, t. 9. 
Habenaria macroceratitis. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 44. 

Hab. in graminosis depressis subalpinis Jamaicce. (hab. s. sp. comm. 

Hooker. ) 
Calcare longo curvato nee recto, foliis latis oblongis subundulatis, et spic 

paueiflora prima fronte distinguenda est. 

11. Habenabia longicauda. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 2957. 

H. foliis angustis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis, racemo laxo paucitioro, 
bracteis foliaceis ovario brevioribus, petalis bipartitis : lacinia an 
teriore filiformi parum longiore, labelli tripartiti laciniis lateralis 
filiformibus recurvis intermedia breviore acuta, calcare recto pendu o 
filiformi longissimo, sepalis lateralibus reflexis, processubus carnosi= 


Hab. in Demerara, Parker, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 

Lacinia posterior petalorum anteriore latior ; nee a?qualis ut in ic. eel. 

12. Habenaria Gourlieana. Gillies MSS. 

H. foliis angustis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis, racemo laxo paucifloro, 
bracteis foliaceis ovario brevioribus, petalis bipartitis : lacinia anteriore 
filiformi longissima, labelli tripartiti laciniis lateralibus filiformibus 
reeurvis intermedia breviore acuta, calcare recto pendulo filiformi 
ovario duplb longiore, sepalis lateralibus erectis, processubus carnosis 

Hab. in provincia Mendoza ubi in locis paludosis semel tantum detegit div. 
Gillies, (hab. s. sp.) 

Priori simillima, et forte mera varietas. Flores paulb minores, calcar 
brevius, et lacinia? anteriores petalorum longissima?. 

13. Habenaria bicornis. 

H. foliis angusto-lanceolatis acuminatis, racemo denso stricto fere corym- 
boso, bracteis ovario recto cylindraceo duplb brevioribus, petalis bi- 
partitis a galea plana liberis : lacinia anteriore subaequali falcatim 
cornuta, labelli tripartiti carnosi laciniis spatulatis subsequalibus sepalo- 
rum longitudine, calcare longissimo inflexo apice compresso. 

Hab. in Cuba, Poppig. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Hooker.) 

Caulis 1^-ped. laxe foliosus. Ovarium \\ poll, longum. Calcar multb 
longius. Sep. lat. 4 1. longa, supremo subrotundo obtuso duplb majora. 
Anthera brevissima, horizontalis, basibus solutis brevissimis ascendenti- 
bus. Processus carnosi semioblongi, convexi, paralleli, papillosi. 

14. Habenaria maculosa. 

H. foliis ovato-lanceolatis undulatis acutis coriaceis basi amplexicaulibus, 
racemo denso multifloro, bracteis foliaceis ovario brevioribus, petalis 
bipartitis : lacinia anteriore setacea, labelli tripartiti laciniis linearibus 
acuminatis subaequalibus, calcare filiformi compresso ascendente ovario 
paulb longiore, sepalis lateralibus pendulis. 

*■ lacinia anteriore petalo longiore. 

ft- lacinia anteriore petalo multo breviore. 

Hab. in insulis Caribceis ; Jamaica, Macfadgen, S 1 . Vincentii, Guilding, 
Tortola, Sehomburgk, Barbadoes, Hb. Vahl. ; j3. Peruvia, Mathews, 1884. 
(hab. s. sp.) 

Radix fibrosa repens. Caulis pedalis ad 2-pedalem, maculis parvis pur- 
pureo-fuscis conspersus, praesertim versus basim. Verosimiliter cum 
H. brachycerate confusa ; petalis bipartitis et caule maculoso diversissima 

est; Antbera parva, basibus solutis longis linearibus. Processus 

carnosi falcati, glabri. 

15. Habenaria Michauxii. Nutt. Gen. Amer. 2, 189. Elliott, Bot. S. 
Carol. % 489. 

H. foliis ovali-lanceolatis, racemo longo multifloro, bracteis acuminatis, 
petalis bipartitis : laciniis anterioribus setaceis quani sepalum longiori- 
bus, labelli tripartiti laciniis lateralibus setaceis intermedia longioribus, 
calcare ovario duplb longiore. 

°'clri 5 quinqueseta. Mich. Fl. bortali-Am. 5, 155. Pursh, Fl. Am. sept. 2, 586. 


Hah. in Carolina ; rarissima in pinetis siccis prope Beaufort, Elliott ; llorens 

Bipedalis, dense foliosus. Flores albi. 

16. Habenaria repens. Nutt. Gen. Amer. 2, 190. Elliott, Bot. S. Cur. 
% 489. 

H. caule basi radicante folioso, foliis angustis lanceolatis erectis, racemo 
longo densifloro, bracteis acutis, petalis bipartitis : laciniis anteriortbu* 
setaceis erectis galeae aequalibus, labelli tripartiti laciniis subaequalibus 
lateralibus angustioribus ascendentibus, calcare ovario aequali. 

Hab. in palustribus prope Savannah in Carolina australi frequens, Elliott; 
prope Augustam, Wray. {hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 

Prsecedenti valde* affinis. Folia minus conferta, setae petalorum breves, et 
calcar ovario minus longum, necnon ut videtur caulis a basi sua in luto 
radices longas emittens hanc satis distinguunt. 

17. Habenaria maxillaris. Lindl. in Hooker's Journal Bot. vol. 1. 

H. foliis lineari-oblongis acutis, racemo denso multifloro, bracteis foliaceis 
ovario longioribus, petalis bipartitis : laciniis aequalibus anteriore linean 
acuminata, labelli tripartiti laciniis lateralibus paulo angustioribus et 
brevioribus, calcare filiformi subclavato, sepalis explanatis aequilongis. 

Flatanthera foliosa. Ad. Bronga. Voy. de la Coquille, p. 194, /. 38, B. 

Hab. in Peruvia Cuming, D'Urville. (hab. s. sp.) 

Anthera basibus solutis aequalis j processubus carnosis latis rectis falcatis 

18. Habenaria paucifolia. 

H. foliis 2-3 ovato-ensiformibus acuminatis, caule superne squamato, racemo 
2-3-floro, bracteis foliaceis ovario duplb brevioribus, petalis bipartitis : 
laciniis subaequilongis anterioribus filiformibus reflexis, labello tripartite* 
sepalis lateralibus pendulis aequali : lacinia intermedia lateralibus latiore 
et breviore, calcare pendulo curvato ovario breviore. 

Hab. in Chile australi ad ripas lacus *' de Ranco" provincia Valdivia, 
Bridges, (no. 610.) {hab. s. sp.) 

Radix fibrosus, tuberculo parvo oblongo indiviso. Caulis 6-8 poll. Flores 

19. Habenaria lancifolia. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maurit. p. 20, t 1- 

H. foliis lineari-lanceolatis acuminatis, racemo paucifloro laxo, brae ei 
apice setaceis ovario duplo brevioribus, petalis bipartitis : lacinia ante* 
riore setacea dupld longiore, labelli linearis trifidi laciniis lateralibus 
divergentibus angustioribus et paulo brevioribus, calcare recto clava 
obtusissimo ovarii longitudine. 

Hab. in Mauritio, Commerson. 

Caulis vix pedalis. 

20. Habenaria vesiculosa. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maurit. p. 20, t. 2. 

H. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis in petiolum angustatis, racemo multifloro, 
bracteis apice setaceis ovario brevioribus, petalis bipartitis : lacing an- 
terior! filiformi paulo longiore, labelli linearis trifidi laciniis lateral^ 
divergentibus intermedia angustioribus et subaequalibus, calcare api<* 
intiatp ovarii longitudine. 


Hab. in Mauritio, Neraud. 
Flores virescentes. 

21. Habenaria truncata. 

H. foliis ovato-lanceolatis canaliculatis acuminatis, racemo denso cylin- 
draceo, bracteis foliaceis floribus longioribus, petalis bipartitis : laciniis 
anterioribus setaceis deflexis cum basi labelli connatis, labelli tripartiti 
porrecti laciniis linearibus acutis subaequilongis intermedia latiore, cal- 
care clavato pendulo truncato ovario dupld breviore. 

Hab. in Madagascaria. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Hook.) 

Planta siccata nigra est. Caulis flexuosus, pedalis, foliis supremis infimis 

longioribus, sed magis acuminatis et canaliculatis. Labellum est quasi 


22. Habenaria crassicornis. 

H. foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis, racemo multifloro, bracteis foliaceis 
acuminatis ovarii longitudine, petalis bipartitis : laciniis lateralibus 
setaceis ascendentibus, labelli tripartiti laciniis linearibus acutis inter- 
media pauld breviore, sepalis lateralibus explanatis acutissimis, calcare 
recurvo compresso valde clavato. 

Hab. in Mexico, de Karwinski. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Reg. Monac.) 

Vix pedalis. Folia sensim in bracteis decrescentia. Flores mediocres. 
Sepalum supr. cum pet. galeatum. Processus carnosi magni convexi 

23. Habenaria flexuosa. 

H. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, floribus distantibus, bracteis foliaceis 
acuminatis cucullatis ovarii longitudine, petalis bipartitis : laciniis an- 
terioribus filiformibus rectis reflexis galea brevioribus, labelli tripartiti 
laciniis filiformibus aequalibus, sepalis lateralibus pendulis supremo 
aequalibus, calcare filiformi compresso recto pendulo ovario dupl5 

Hab. in Mexico, ad S. Pedro, Oxaca, de Karwinski. (exam. s. sp. in hb. 

Caulis subflexuosus, 9 poll, altus, foliis sensim in bracteis decrescentibus. 

24. Habenaria clypeata. 

H. foliis parvis ovatis cuspidatis sensim decrescentibus, racemo multifloro, 
bracteis foliaceis cucullatis acuminatis ovario brevioribus, petalis bi- 
partitis : laciniis anterioribus linearibus horizontalibus posticis cum 
sepalo supremo rotundato galeam orbiculatam planam efficientibus, 
labelli penduli tripartiti lacinia intermedia lineari-lanceolatft lateralibus 
linearibus paulb longiore, calcare compresso ovarii longitudine. 
Hab. in Mexico, de Karwinski. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Reg. Monac.) 
Caulis pedalis. Racemus oblongus, multiflorus. Galea orbiculata plana 
facie omninb peculiari hanc speciem induit. 

25. Habenaria entomantha. 

H. foliis parvis ovatis acutis superioribus squamiformibus setaceo-acumina- 
tis, racemo multifloro, bracteis ovatis acuminatissimis ovario dupl5 brevi- 
oribus, petalis bipartitis : laciniis anterioribus longissimis setaceis, labelli 


tripartiti lacinia intermedia recta lineari lateralibus longissimis setaceis, 

sepalis acuminatis lateralibus pendulis, calcare pendulo compresso 

ovario longiore. 
Orchis entomantha. Llave, Orch. Alexia. 2, 8. 
Hab. in Mexico, cle Karwinski ; prope Vallisoletum, Llave. {exam. s. sp. in 

hb. Reg. Monac.) 

Flores lactei. Caulis pedalis superne defoliatus. Anguli tres ovarii mem- 
branaceo-alati. Anthera parva, basibus solutis brevibus. Processus 
carnosi breves rotundati hispidi. 

26. Habenaria mystacina. 

H. foliis vaginantibus linearibus setaceo-acuminatis, racemo multifloro, 
bracteis foliaceis acuminatis ovarii longitudine, petalis bipartitis : laeiniis 
anterioribus lineari-lanceolatis erectis galea longioribus barbatis pos- 
ticis glabris, labelli 3-partiti lacinia intermedia lineari obtusa basi 
lateral! busque longioribus acuminatis barbata, sepalis lateralibus pendulis, 
calcare pendulo compresso ovarii longitudine. 

Hab. in Brazilia; in campis inter Tejuco et radices montis Itambe - , pro- 
vincial Minarum ; etiam in summo Itambe', Martins, {exam. s. sp. in hb. 

Caules stricti, subaphylli, 2-pedales. Flores parvi, albi. Pili petalorum 
et labelli articulati, subramentacei. Anthera brevis, basibus solutis 
elongatis j processus carnosi longi, apice uncinati, glabri. 

27. Habenahia nuda. 

H. foliis linearibus acuminatis vaginantibus, racemo laxo multifloro, 
bracteis cucullatis setaceo-acuminatis ovario brevioribus, petalis semi- 
ovatis : laeiniis anterioribus setaceis ascendentibus, sepalo supremo 
subrotundo emarginato cuspidato longioribus, labelli tripartiti laeiniis 
lateralibus setaceo-filiformibus intermedia lineari truncata longioribus 
calcaris longitudine. 
Hab. in Brazilia ; in provincia Minarum, Martins, (exam. s. sp. in hb. Mart.) 
Pedalis et ultra. Folia angustissima, inferius soepe falcatim recurvuni. 

28. Habenaria setacea. 

H. foliis linearibus apice setaceis, racemo laxo 5-7-floro, bracteis lineari- 
lanceolatis setaceo-acuminatis ovario longioribus, ovario arcuato, peta 
bipartitis : laeiniis anterioribus setaceis ascendentibus galea acumina 
longioribus, labelli tripartiti laeiniis setaceis aequalibus, calcare o\ar 
longitudine, sepalis lateralibus acuminatis. 

Hab. in Brazilia; in graminosis ad radicem montis Itambe - , provm 
Minarum, Martius. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Mart.) 

Spithamaea, ferfe defoliata. Anthera parva subrotunda, basibus solu 
brevibus. Processus carnosi breves dolabriformes. 

29. Habenaria gracilis. 

H. foliis radicalibus subbinis lanceolatis erectis, caule vaginato, I * ce ^ 
stricto, bracteis lanceolatis acuminatis ovario longioribus, petalis « 
partitis: laeiniis anterioribus filiformibus galeae longitudine, ''^ 
tripartiti laeiniis filiformibus subaequalibus, calcare arcuato aseenjjen 
compresso ovario longiore, sepalis ovatis obtusis lateralibus pendulis. 

OPHRYDE^. 313 

Hab. in Brazilia ; provincia Minarum, Martius. (exam. s. sp. in lib. Mart.) 
Pedalis et paulo major, habitu ob caulem distanter vaginatum graciles- 

cente. Flores densi, ob ovarium rectiusculum nee more solito arcuatum. 

Anthera parva subrotunda, basibus solutis brevibus. Processus carnosi 

breves obtusi. 

30. Habenaria aranifera. 

H. foliis paucis lanceolatis erectis, racemo elongato denso, bracteis ovato- 
laneeolatis ovarii hexagoni longitudine, petalis bipartitis : laciniis a 
galea liberis projicientibus lateralibus e lata basi setaceis, labelli tri- 
partiti laciniis linearibus requalibus sepalorum longitudine, sepalis ovatis 
subsequalibus, calcare filiformi crassiusculo ovarii longitudine. 
Hab. in Bonaria in paludosis, Tweedie. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 
Caulis pedalis. Folia 2|-poll. longa. Petala bipartita porrecta, cum 
laciniis setaceis flexuosis et labello tripartito insectum simulant cujus 
caput est anthera parva rotunda. 

SI. Habenaria imbricata. 

H. foliis lineari-oblongis obtusis cum mucrone sensim in squamis acumi- 
natis caulis decrescentibus, racemo denso multifloro, bracteis foliaceis 
inibricatis floribus aequalibus, petalis bipartitis : laciniis lateralibus 
setaceis posteriorum ovatarum acutarum longitudine, labelli tripartiti 
lacinia. intermedia lineari-lanceolata obtusa lateralibus setaceis arcuatis 
subaequali, sepalis margine serrulatis, calcare pendulo clavato ovario 
longiore inter bracteas latente. 

Hab. in Brazilia ; Martins, (exam. s. sp. in hb. Mart.) 

Pedalis. Folia majora vix 2 poll. long, excedunt. Flores solito minores, 
siccatione pallidi nee nigricantes. Margo sepalorum est pruinoso- 
serrulatus. Anthera parva subrotunda. Processus carnosi crassi cuneati. 

3 l 2. Habenaria ichneumonea. 

H. " labello tripartito : laciniis linearibus, calcare lineari incurvato apice 
ovato, calyce 7-phyllo,foliolis lateralibus exterioribus majoribus reflexis." 
Orchis ichneumonea. Swartz in Pers. Syn. 2, 506. 
Hab. in Sierra Leone, Afzelius. 

33. Habenaria membranacea. 

H. " labello 3-partito : laciniis lateralibus lanceolato-linearibus, apice 
longissimo capillaceo, media lineari, calcare subulato germine breviore 
incurvo, calyce septemphyllo." 

Orchis membranacea. Swartz in Pers. Syn. 2, 506. 

Hab. in Sierra Leone, Afzelius. 

34. Habenaria trifida. Humb. et Kunth. n. g. et 1, 330. Synops. 
I, 323. 

**• " caule paucifloro, foliis lanceolato-oblongis, foliolis calycinis tribus 

interioribus trifidis." 
Hab. in locis temperatis opacatis Regni Novo Granattmsis, inter villam San 

Miguel et convallem Guachicon, prope Ahnaguer, alt 810 hexap. Floret 

Novembri. Humboldt. 
Caulis sesquipedalis. Folia acuta, carinata, sesquii>oll. Sepala suba*qua- 

October, 1S35. s s 


lia, ovata, albovirescentia, 5 lin. longa. Petala alba, sepalis paulo 
longiora : laciniis linearibus obtusis, inferiore a superioribus approxima- 
tis divergente. Labellum album, laciniis linearibus approximates. Cal- 
car bipollicare, pendulum, apice emarginatum et bituberculatum j ex 

c. Petalorum lacinia anterior nana. 

35. Habenabia montevidensis. 

H. foliis lanceolatis canaliculars acuminatis, racemo oblongo densissimo, 
bracteis acuminatis florum longitudine, petalis carnosis bipartitis : laci- 
niis anterioribus nanis acutis, labelli carnosi tripartiti laciniis sequalibus 
intermedia latiore, calcare oblongo recto inflato labello longiore, sepalis 
Hab. in Montevideo ; Commerson, Tweedy, (exam. s. sp. in hb. Vahl. et Hook.) 
Caulis 4-5 poll, altus. Folia superiora vaginantia, acuminatissima. Flores 

36. Habenakia brevidens. 

H. foliis inferioribus ovalibus acutis superioribus cucullatim vaginantibus, 
racemo denso stricto multifloro, bracteis acuminatis ovarii longitudine, 
petalis carnosis antice unidentatis, labelli carnosi tripartiti lacinia i n * er " 
media lineari-ensiformi obtusiuscula lateralibus subfalcatis aequilatis 
duplb longiore, calcare clavato pendulo ovarii longitudine. 
Hab. in Brazilia ; provincia Minarum, Martius. (exam. s. sp. hb. Mart.) 
Caulis subpedalis. Folia radicalia fere 2 poll, longa. Sepalum supr. 
subrotundum mucronatum ; lateralia pendula acuta. Anthera? sterues 
subrotunda? denticulatae. Processus carnosi lineares falcati obtusi. 

37- Habenabia parviflora. 

H. foliis lineari-lanceolatis erectis canaliculatis, racemo cylindraceo mu - 
tifloro, bracteis acuminatis flore longioribus, petalorum lacinia antenore 
falcuta posteriore duplb breviore, labelli tripartiti laciniis deflexis sub- 
aequilongis lateralibus angustioribus, calcare filiformi pendulo ovari 

Hab. in Brazilia, frequens ; prope Bahiam, Salzmann ; in monte Corcova 
ad Rio Janeiro, Martius, Princeps Neovidensis, ftc. (hab. s. sp. comm. ce . 

Caulis strictus 1-2 pedalis, foliis strictis angustis sursum decrescentibus 
vestitus. Spica 4-6 poll, longa, siccatione nigricans. Flores al 
virides. Anthera subrotunda, basibus solutis brevissimis. Processus 
carnosi cuneati truncati. 

38. Habenabia angustifolia. Humb. et Kunth. n. g. pi. 1, 330. Synopi- 

1, 323. 
H. " caule paucifloro, foliis lanceolatis, foliolis calycinis intenori 

bifidis, labello trifido." 
Hab. in humidis uliginosis Guyana, inter El Trapiche de Farreras 

urbem S. Thomas del Angostura. Floret Junio. Humboldt. 
Caulis pedalis; Folia acuminata, carinata, tripollicaria, 6 1. lata. Peta 0- 

rum lacinia superior oblonga, inferior tripld brevior. Labelli lacin 

lineares. Calcar pollitare ; ex Kunth. 

ophryde,e. 315 

39. Habenaria latifolia. Humb. et Kunth. n. g. et sp. pi. 1, 331. Synops. 
1, 323. 

H. " foliis ovato-oblongis ; floribus spicatis ; foliolis calycinis interioribus 

lateralibus bifidis ; labello trifido." 
Hab. in declivitate orientali Andium Novo-Granatensium,prope Santa Anna 

et Mariquita, alt. 400 hexap. Floret Junio. Humboldt. 

Caulis Jg-ped. Folia acuta, bipoll. 9-10 1. lata. Spica 2-3 poll. 
Bractese floribus paulb breviores. Sepala 3 1. longa ovato-oblonga, 
obtusa. Petalorum lacinia inferior superiore obtusa triplb brevior. 
Labelli lacinia? lineares divergentes. Calcar pendulum, 9 1. longum } 
ex Kunth. 

40. Habenaria leptoceras. Hooker in Bot. Mag. t. 2726. 

H. foliis lanceolatis undulatis planis basi angustatis, racemo longo laxius- 
eulo, bracteis foliaceis ovarii longitudine, petalorum lacinia anteriore 
acuta ascendente posteriore dupl5 breviore, labelli tripartiti lacinia inter- 
media lineari-acuminata apice dilatata lateralibus falcatis triplb longiore, 
calcare filiformi compresso pendulo ovario longiore, sepalo supremo 
compresso cuspidato cucullato, basibus solutis anthera? longissimis. 
Hab. in Brazilia ,• prope Rio Janeiro, Forbes, {hab. s. sp. ex hb. Hort. Soc.) 
Caulis l-l|-pedalis, foliis undulatis erectis dense vestitus. Flores virides, 
labello lutescente, calcare albo. Sepala lateralia concava. Bases soluti 
antherse processubus carnosis obtusis multo longiores, facillime a canali- 
bus glanduliferis separabiles. 

§ 2. Petala indivisa. 
a. Labellum simplex, v. laciniis lateralibus minimis. 

41. Habenaria brachyceras. Spreng. Syst. 3. 

H. foliis angusto-lanceolatis acuminatis patentibus, racemo laxiusculo 
multifloro, petalis ovatis acuminatis infra galeam obtusam invicem tra- 
jicientibus, labello filiformi subclavato integerrimo, calcare apice com- 
presso ascendente ovario 3 ptero breviore. 
Orchis monorhiza. Swartz ! Prodr. 118. Fl. Intl. Occ. 3, 1391. 
Habenaria brachyceratitis. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 44. 
Hab. in depressis montium Jamaica, Swartz. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. 

Caulis 1^-2-pedalis erectus, foliosus. Folia summa tantum decrescentia. 
Processus carnosi oblongi obtusi paralleli ultra antberam longe producti. 
Alae ovarii lata?, membranacea?. 

I know no plant which will answer to Swartz's description of 0. mo- 
norhiza in the Flora India Occidental. West Indian botanists often take 
Habenaria maculosa for it j but that species has two parted petals Others 
consider this to be his plant, but it has a simple lip ; yet in Vahl s Her- 
barium is a specimen of this from Swartz himself marked 0. monorhiza. 
J n all probabilitv he confounded the two, for both are common Jamaica 
Plants ; they are] however, essentially different, as may be seen by com- 
paring the descriptions. 

4 2. Habenaria obtusa. 

H- foliis oblongo-lanceolatis canaliculars erectis, racemo laxo multifloro, 


bracteis foliaceis latis cucullatis floribus longioribus, sepalo supremo 
rotundato lateralibus obtusis reflexis, labello linear! obtuso ascendeute, 
calcare pendulo clavato compresso ovario duplo longiore. 

Hab. in Brazilia ; in radice montis Itacolumi ad Villa Rica, provincia 
Minarum, Martius. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Mart.) 

Caulis strictus, foliosus, bipedalis, foliis baud plusquam 3-pollicaribus. 
" Sepala supremum supra albidum ; lateralia reflexa viridia. Petals 
alba, obliqui lanceolata ; lab. lineare viride. Calcar striatum, compres- 
sum." Martins. Bases antherae longissimi ascendentes. Processus 
carnosi glandulosi, cuneati. 

43. Habenaria floribunda. 

H , racemo laxo longissimo, bracteis membranaccis acuminatis 

obtusis ovario aequalibus, petalis dimidiato-oblongis truncatis antice 
carnosis, labello lineari acutiusculo, calcare pendulo ovarii longitudine. 

Hab. in Peruvia, Hcenke. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Mart.) 

Racemus ultrapedalis, verosimiliter subspiralis. Flores cum ovario simul 
sumpti unciam longi. Antherae bases longe soluti. Processus carnosi 
truneati glabri. 

44. Habenaria quadrata. 

H. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis mollibus, racemo longissimo laxo, 
bracteis membranaceis acuminatis ovario aequalibus, petalis quadraW 
cuspidatis antice carnosis medio venosis. labello lineari sepalis laterali- 
bus aequali, calcare pendulo filiformi compresso ovario longiore. 

Hab. in Brazilia; in ripa fl. Madeira, provincia fl. Nigri, Martius. (exam. 
s. sp. in hb. Mart.) 

" Radix fascieulata et bulbis 2 ovatis se propagans. Caulis sesquipedalis 
et altior acute angulatus. Sepala virescentia, supremum hemisphaenco- 
concavum galeatum erectum, lateralibus oblique oblongis reflexis medio 
concavis. Petala albovirescentia. Labellum lineare, obtusum, fl» v0 * 

virens, deflexum." Mart. MSS. H.Jloribundce simillima, sed flores 

minores et petala formes diversae. 

45. Habenaria hexaptera. 

H. foliis ovato-lanceolatis, racemo longo laxo multifloro, bracteis o*an° 
aequalibus, petalis lineari-oblongis obtusissimis, labello lineari acu^ 
sepalis lateralibus acutis aequali, calcare falcato compresso ovarii longi- 
tudine, sepalo supremo subrotundo serrulato, ovario hexaptero 
Hab. in Brazilia ; provincia Minarum, Martius. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Mar .) 
Caulis sesquipedalis et altior. Folia majora gf-poU. longa. Racemus 
semipedalis. Processus carnosi circa faucem calcaris ferrum equm u 
referentes cruribus acutis. Anthera subrotunda, basibus solutis proces- 
subus brevioribus. 

46. Habenaria petalodes. 

H. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, racemo longo laxo multifloro, brae ei 
foliaceis acuminatis ovario brevioribus, petalis cuneatis sepalo su P rel " 
rotundato cuspidato longioribus patentibus, labello lineari apice *•***£ 
basi bidentato, calcare compresso clavato acuminato pendulo otai" 1 


Ilab. in Brazilia ; in Sierra do Itacolumi provincia Minarum, Mar tins, 
(exam. s. sp. in hb. Mart.) 

Caulis 2-3-pedalis, foliosus. Sepala lateralia reflexa, semioblonga, acuta. 
Anthera latissima ; basibus solutis elongatis. Processus carnosi fungosi 
truncati, sejuncti. 

47. Habenaria parvidens. 

H. foliis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis canaliculars, racemo laxo multifloro, 
bracteis acuminatis foliaceis floribus sequalibus, sepalo dorsali ovato 
obtuso cum apiculo lateralibus reflexis acuminatis, petalis subfalcatis 
sepalorum longitudine, labello filiformi sepalorum longitudine basi 
utrinque lacinia. brevi lineari, calcare filiformi arcuato labello paulo 

Hab. in Peruvia, Mathews, (1885.) (hab. s. sp.) 

Caulis sesquipedalis. Bases anthera? partim elongati ; processus carnosi 
breves acinaciformes. Alabastri semunciam longi. 

48. Habenaria? purpurea. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 17- 

H. foliis angustis ensiformibus acutis radicalibus, caule squamato, racemo 
laxo paucifloro, bracteis brevibus concavis squamseformibus, labello 
cuneato cuspidato, calcare incurvo obtuso labello breviore. 

Hab. in Madagascaria, Thouars. 

Flores purpurei. An Peristyli sp. 

49. Habenaria linifolia. Presl. Reliq. Hank. \, 91. 

H. " scapo paucifloro, foliis lineari-lanceolatis, sepalis integris, labello 
lineari-oblongo integerrimo basi angulato, bracteis ovario brevioribus." 

Hab. in Peruvia, ad Huanoco, Hsenke. 

Scapus septempollicaris. Spica bipollicaris, laxa, vix 18-flora. Calcar 
ovarii longitudine. 

b. Labellum trifidum, laciniis filiformibus indivisis. 

50. Habenaria elongata. R. Brown, Prodr. JR. Nov. Holl. 313. 

H. foliis oblongis acutis sensim evanescentibus, racemo laxo multifloro, 
bracteis ovatis angustis acuminatissimis ovario quadrupl6 brevioribus, 
labello tripartito : laciniis filiformibus lateralibus divaricatis intermedia 
duplb brevioribus, sepalo supremo retuso, calcare filiformi ascendente 
ovarii longitudine. 
Hab. in Nova Hollandia tropica, Brown, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. R. Brown.) 
Caulis sesquipedalis. Sepala lateralia ovata, obtusa. Petala semiovata. 

51. Habenaria reflexa. Blume, Bijdr. 

H. " labello tripartito : laciniis linearibus, media elongata recurva, sepalis 
exterioribus lateralibus latioribus reflexis, calcare clavato arcuato ovario 

Hab. in Java ; in calcareis prope Kuripan, Blume. 

52. Habenaria arenaria. 

H. fuliis binis radicalibus oblongo-ovatis acutis, scapo vagi inato, racemo 
laxo multifloro, bracteis membranaceis acuminatis pedicelhs ovar.orum 


longioribus, labelli tripartiti laciniis filiformibus lateralibus recurvis 
brevioribus, calcare pendulo filiformi ovario longiore. 
Orchid, arenaria. Burch. Hb. 5654. 

Hab. ad Caput B. Spei, Burchell. {hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Burchell.) 
Caulis l-l|-pedalis. Ovaria abrupte pedicellata. Sepala lateralia pen- 

53. Habenaria filicornis. 

H. caule gracillirno bifolio, foliis strictissimis vaginantibus oblongo-line- 
aribus obtusis, racemo laxo multifloro, bracteis subulatis pedicellorum 
longitudine, labelli tripartiti laciniis filiformibus obtusis intermedia 
ascendente lateralibus deflexis duplb longiore, calcare filiformi com* 
presso ovarii longitudine. 

Orchis filicornis. Thnnning! in Schumach. Beskriv. af Guineisk. Plant. 2, 171. 

Hab. in Guinea, Thonning. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Homem.) 
Caulis 1-li-pedalis. Foliorum lamina caule parallela obtusa. Flores 
minuti, ichneumonis facie. Petala falcata cum sepalo supr. refracto in 
galea agglutinata. Sepala lateralia majora retrorsum falcata. Anthera 
acuminata j basibus solutis brevibus erectis. Processus carnosi acuti 

54. Habenaria procera. 

-H."labello tripartito : laciniis ascendentibus lateralibus linearibus divan- 
catis medi& subulata porrecta canaliculata, calcare lineari obtuso germine 
longiore, foliolis cal. lateralibus exterioribus deltoideis. ' 

'Orchis procera. Swart z in Pers. Syn. 1 , 506. 

•Hab. in Sierra Leone, Afzelius. 

55. Habenaria tridactylites. 

H. foliis 2 radicalibus oblongo-lanceolatis petiolatis, racemo laxo pauci- 
floro, bracteis membranaceis acuminatis ovario duplb brevioribus, label i 
tripartiti laciniis filiformibus intermedia paulb longioribus, calcare 
filiformi clavato pendulo ovarii longitudine. 
'Orchis tridactylites. Webb et Berth. Fl. Can. ined. 

Hab. ad rupes, et in caespitosis ins. Canariensium frequens, Webb 
Berthellot. (hab. s. sp. comm. cell. W. et B.) 

Caulis spithamseus v. minor, foliis radicalibus paulb altior. Sepalui 
supremum lato-ovatum acutum cum petalis angustis falcatis galea 
planiusculum efformans. Sepala lateralia linearia obtusiuscula. An- 
thera lata, lobis parum solutis divaricatis j processus carnosi oblong 

56. Habenaria graminea. 

H. foliis radicalibus linearibus acuminatis scapo filiformi stricto null 
brevioribus, racemo laxo paucifloro, bracteis squamiformibus aeutis yx 
pedicello ovarii longioribus, labelli tripartiti sepalorum longitudine 
laciniis filiformibus subsequalibus, calcare coinpresso clavato ovarii 

Platanthera linifolia. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7041. 

Hab. in montibus Silhet, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 


Caulis 3-7 poll, altus, gracillimus, strictus. Folia lf-2 poll, longa. 
Flores parvi distantes. Sepalum suprem. c. pet. galeatum ; lateralia 
deflexa, acuta. Anth. subrotunda, basibus solutis ascendentibus brevi- 
bus. Processus carnosi reniformes fauci calcaris adnati. 

57. Habenaria viridiflora. R. Br. Prodr. in annot. 

H. foliis radicalibus pluribus angustis acutis recurvis, racemo laxo multi- 
floro, bracteis subulatis pedicellorum longitudine, petalis ovatis sepalis 
majoribus conformibus, labelli tripartiti sepalis paulb longioris horizon- 
talis laciniis filiformibus intermedia longiore, calcare filiformi pendulo 
ovarii longitudine. 

Orchis viridiaora. Swartz, Act. Holm. 1800, p. 206. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 13. 

Hab. in peninsula Indies oriental™, Wight, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Wight.) 

Caulis 6-8 poll, altus basi tantum foliatus superne squamosus. Bases an- 
therae distantes, porrecti, nee ascendentes. Processus carnosi lineares 

58. Habenaria lucida. Wall. MSS. 

H. foliis obovato-lanceolatis acutis planis, racemo elongato laxo multifloro, 
bracteis ovatis acutis ovario duplb brevioribus, labelli tripartiti laciniis 
lateralibus linearibus obtusis divaricatis ascendentibus sepalis longiori- 
bus intermedia ovata setaceo-acuminata, calcare filiformi apice com- 
presso ovario longiore. 

Platanthera lucida. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7047. 

Hab. in regno Burmano • Rangoon, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. bid.) 

Caulis sesquipedalis, apice distanter squamatus. Flores minores, distantes. 
Sepala lateralia reflexa, acuta, supremum erectum obtusum cum petalis 
galeatum. Processus carnosi parvi oblongi subreniformes. 

59. Habenaria furcifera. 

H. foliis oblongis planis acutis basi angustatis, racemo angusto elongato 
multifloro, bracteis membranaceis acuminatis ciliatis ovarii longitudine, 
labello trifido laciniis linearibus furcatis lateralibus intermedio breviori 
suppositis, petalis retusis galea brevioribus, calcare compresso ovario 
longiore apice involute 

Hab. in Mussooree, Boyle, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Royle.) 

Sesquipedalis, facie Aceratis anthropophorce. Folia radicalia 5 poll, longa. 
Axis racemi lsevis. Sepala subeequalia, lateralia deflexa. Antherae 
steriles maxima? orbiculatae, bases rectos breves loculorum antherae 
fertilis subrotundae tegentes. Processus carnosi breves oblongi. 

60. Habenaria stenopetala. 

H. foliis obovato-lanceolatis acuminatis planis, racemo denso multifloro, 
bracteis membranaceis acuminatis ovario longioribus, labello linean tri- 
fido laciniis acuminatis lateralibus nanis, petalis setaceo-lineanbus a galea 
liberis, sepalis setaceo-acuminatis, calcare recto filiformi ovarii longi- 

Hab. in India septentrionali, Cashmeram versus, Royle. (hab. s. sp. comm. 
vel, Royle, et v. ic. pict.) 

Caulis foliosus, basi nudus, sesquipedalis vel altior. Flores albi, sepalis 


apice virescentibus, labello Havescente. Tuberculum rodicts magnum, 
oblongum, indivisum. 

61. Habenaria Heyneana. 

H. foliis angustis ovalibus acutis, racerno secundo paucifloro laxo, bracteis 
foliaceis cucullatis subventricosis acuminatis flore longioribus, labelli 
tripartiti laciniis subaequalibus sepalorum longitudine intermedia anguste 
ovali lateralibus filiformibus incurvis, petalis sepalisq. subaequalibus 
conniventibus, calcare pendulo filiformi ovario breviore. 

Platanthera Heyneana. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7044. 

Hab. in peninsula India orientalis, Heyne. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. hid.) 

Caulis vix spithamaeus. Folia perfecta 2-3, suberecta, subito in bracteis 
mutata. Sepalum supr. fornicatum, caetera ovata obtusiuscula. An- 
thera basibus distantibus parum solutis. Processus carnosi longissimi, 
cum basi labelli connati, lingiueformes, divergentes. 

62. Habenaria Rumphii. 

H. foliis angustis canaliculars acutis erectis, racemo oblongo denso multi- 
floro, bracteis floribus longioribus squamisque caulis setaceo-acuminatis, 
labelli tripartiti laciniis filiformibus lateralibus brevissimis, calcare 
clavato labelli longitudine. 

Platanthera Rumphii. Ad. Brongn. Voy. de la Coquille, p. 194, t. 38, A. 
Orchis amboinica minor. Rumph. Amb. p. 118, I. 54, /. 2. 

Hab. in Amboyna, Rumphius, D'Urville. 

63. Habenaria Promensis. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7033. 

H. foliis anguste oblongis acutis canaliculars patentissimis in squamts 
acuminatissimis mutatis, racemo oblongo denso multifloro, bracteis 
acuminatissimis ovario longioribus, labelli tripartiti laciniis filiformibus 
subaequalibus sepalis longioribus, sepalo supremo petalisque falcatis 
fornicatis : lateralibus acutis patentibus, calcare pendulo clavato ovarii 

Hab. in montibus Promensibus Indice orientalis, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. 
Angl. Ind.) 

Caulis spitbamaeus. Folia majora 2-5 distantia. Antliera brevissimaj 
basibus vix solutis. Processus carnosi lineares basi labelli adnati. 

64. Habenaria marginata. Colebr. in Hook. Exot. Fl. t. 136. 

H. foliis radicalibus planis approximatis patentissimis cordatis oblongi 
albomarginatis, racemo oblongo denso multifloro, bracteis acuminati 
ovarii longitudine, labelli tripartiti penduli laciniis sepalis longioribus 
lateralibus linearibus acuminatis intermedia lanceolata obtusa breviore, 
sepalo supremo petalisque semiovatis fornicatis : lateralibus ovato-lanceo- 
latis patentibus, calcare pendulo clavato apice ventricoso ovarii longi- 

Hab. in India orient ali ; Bengalia, Kamaon, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. 
Angl. Ind.) 

Tubercula oblonga, indivisa ; radices filiformcs paucae breves carnosa? 
Caulis vix semipedalis squamis 2 acuminatis vaginatus. Folia obtusa 
aut acuta. Sepala viridia. Petala et labellum lutea. Bases anthera; 
distantes brevi spatio soluti. Processus carnosi falcati fimbriati. 

OPHRYDE^. 321 

65. Habenaria latifolia. 

H. foliis radicalibus pluribus aggregatis patentibus ovato-oblongis acutis, 
caule distanter vaginato, racemo laxo multifloro, bracteis membranaceis 
linearibus acuminatissimis ovario brevioribus, labelli lacinia medi& se- 
palis longiore lineari-oblonga obtusa lateralibus setaceis nanis ascenden- 
tibus, sepalo supremo petalisque falcatis fornicatis lateralibus duplb 
brevioribus, calcare filiformi pendulo sursum compresso dilatato ovario 

Hab. in Zeylona, Macrae, (hab. s. sp.) 

Folia G poll, longa, 1\ lata. Scapus pedalis. Flores magni speeiosi. 

Anthera basibus longis ascendentibus subulatis solutis. Processus car- 

nosi lineares apice fimbriati. 

G6. Habenaria ? praealta. 

n. caule folioso, foliis ensifbrmibus canaliculatis strictis, racemo longis- 
simo cylindraceo, bracteis cucullatis ovarii longitudine, labello tripartito 
laciniis linearibus aequalibus, calcare clavato ovarii longitudine. 

Satyrium praealtum. Thouars, Orch. Afr. t. 11. 

Hab. in Borbonia, Thouars, 

Flores virescentes. 

c. Labellum trifidum, laciniis lateralibus dilatatis v. fissis. 

67. Habenaria pectinata. Don. Prodr. p. 24. 

*»■ ioliis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis, racemo elongato multifloro, 
bracteis foliaceis acutis florum longitudine, labelli tripartiti fere duplo 
sepalis longioris laciniis lateralibus basi simplicibus sursum capillaceo- 
nnutifidis segmentis setaceis subsimplicibus intermedia lineari acumi- 
nata, sepalis lateralibus deflexis supremo petalisque antice* repandis 
pubescentibus in galea agglutinatis, calcare pendulo filiformi apice cla- 
vato labello duplb longiore. 

°rchis pectinata. Smith, Exot. Bot. t. 99. 

«ab. in India septentrionali orientem versus ; Napalia, et Kamaon, Hamil- 
ton, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Caulis 2-pedalis v. minor, foliis ad summum vestitus. Sepala 7 1. longa. 
Processus carnosi corniformes, pubescentes, reflexi, basibus solutis 
antherae longiores. Galea pallide viridis ; sep. lat atroviridia ; labellum 

6 8. Habenaria ensifolia. 

" foliis ensiformibus caulem vestientibus, racemo laxo brevi multifloro, 
bracteis foliaceis acuminatis florum longitudine, labelli tripartiti sepalis 
paulb longioris laciniis lateralibus capillaceo-multifidis segmentis fili- 
formibus obtusis saepiils furcatis, intermedia lineari-acuminata, sepalis 
Petalisque lanceolatis liberis glabris secundis, calcare pendulo clavato 
labelli longitudine. 

H - in termediae pars. Wall. Cat. no. 7030. 

Hab. in Gossain Than, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Caulis 1-lj-pedalis, foliis erectis ad summum vestitus. Sepala 10 1. longa, 
acuta, omnia ascendentia. Petala sepalo supremo supposita, sed nullo 
modo agglutinuta aut antice repanda. 
October, 1835. T t 


In the distribution of Dr. Wallich's Herbarium I confounded this with 
H. intermedia, from which the characters now assigned to that species 
abundantly distinguish it. 

69. Habenaria intermedia. Don. Prodr. Nep. 24. 

H. caule 1-5-floro, foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis distantibus patentibus, 
bracteis foliaceis planis patentibus ovario brevioribus, labelli tripartiti 
laciniis lateralibus ab ipsa basi capillaceo-multifidis segmentis longis- 
simis setaceis indivisis intermedin lineari acuminata, sepalo supremo 
petalisque glabris antice planis in gale& agglutinatis lateralibus faltatis 
ascendentibus, calcare ascendente infracto filiformi labello vix longiore. 

Hab. in Nupalia, orientem versus, Hamilton, Wallich. (hah. s. sp. e Mus. 
Angl. Ind.) 

Caulis spithamanis ad pedalem, paucifoliatus. Sepala pollicaria. I'etala 
sepalo supremo agglutinata, margine anteriore haud repando. l'lores 
in H. peetinata magni, in H. ensifolia adhuc majores, in H. intermedia 
sunt maximi. 

70. Habenaria pubescens. 

H. foliis pluribus radicalibus oblongis acutis planis, racemo elongato 
cylindraceo multifloro axi pubescente, bracteis acuminatis puoescentibiM 
ovario longioribus, labelli tripartiti lacinia intermedia lineari carnosa 
lateralibus longioribus apice dilatatis fissis, calcare arcuato coropresso 
ovarii longitudine. 
Hab. in India septentrionali ad Sabathoo, Roijle. {exam. s. up. in hb. Royle.) 
Caulis sesquipedalis, robustus, pubescens. Folia sexpollicaria. Bases 
antherae a canalibus stigmaticis liberi. Processus carnosi parvi tuber- 

71. Habenaria cephalotes. 

H. foliis oblongis acuminatis canaliculars, racemo oblongo denso » iultl ; 
floro, bracteis cucullatis acuminatis ovario longioribus, labelli tnlo 1 
pubescentis lacinia intermedin lineari acut& lateralibus rotundatis niulti- 
fido-ciliatis longiore, sepalo supremo petalisque conniventibus galea i> 
pubescentibus sepalis lateralibus intus tomentosis duplb minoribus, 
calcare pendulo apice clavato labello longiore. 
Hab. in peninsula India orientalis, Wight, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Uignt ) 
Spithamsea. Folia inferiora 2|-pollicaria, sensim decrescentia. Anthers 
glabra, processubus carnosis rectis basibus loculorum solutis porrn 
paulb longioribus. Petala oblique triangularia, margine scabro. ^ e V a 
lum supr. 3-costatum, intus glabrum, lat. 1-costata. 

72. Habenaria longicornis. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7027- 
H. foliis lanceolatis canaliculars recurvis, racemo laxo paucifloro, biac _ 
membranaceis acuminatissimis ovario arcuato brevioribus, labelli 
partiti lacinia intermedia lineari lateralibus falcatis crenatis obtusi. 
breviore, sepalis lateralibus triangular i bus supremo erecto a pe a 
horizontalibus incurvis libero, calcare clavato compresso ovario longio 

Hab. in India orientali, Heyne. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Vix 5 poll, altus. Folia radicalia 5, s libit 6 in squamis acimiinatiss«w 1? 



mutata. Sepala patula, nulla reflexa. Calcar 1| _ p. longum. Bases 
soluti antheree elongati. Processus carnosi recurvi. 

?3. Habenabia ochroleuca. R. Brown, Prodr. 313. 

H. foliis brevissimis appressis ovato-lanceolatis acutis, racemo raro pauci- 
floro, bracteis acuminatis ovario duplb brevioribus, labelli trifidi lacinia 
intermedia compressa filiform! lateralibus lanceolatis divaricatis paulo 
brevioribus, sepalo supremo petalisque duplo minoribus subquadratis : 
lateralibus patentibus majoribus cum laciniis labelli lateralibus parallelis, 
calcare pendulo apice clavato ovarium subaequante. 

Hab. in Nova Hollandia tropica, R. Brown, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. R. Br.) 

Caulis tenuis, 10 poll, altus, foliis tarn parvis ut potius squamatum quam 
foliatum diceres. Flores parvi. Bases soluti antherse breves porrecti ; 
processus carnosi lineares divergentes basi labelli accreti. 

B. Rostbat^. 

74. Habenabia plantaginea. 

H. foliis radicalibus oblongis aut obi. -lanceolatis acutis obtusisve, spica 
laxa secunda, bracteis membranaceis acutis ovario dupl5 brevioribus, 
labelli trifidi subrotundi lacinia intermedia lineari acuta lateralibus 
latissimis denticulatis subeequali, sepalis subsequalibus ascendentibus, 
calcare arcuato filiformi pendulo ovario rostrato longiore. 

Orchis platyphyllos. Roxb. Fl. Ind. 3, 451. 

Gymnadenia plantaginea. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7053. 

Hab. in peninsula India orientalis : in angustiis inter Tenevelly et Tra- 
vancore, Wallich ; Monghir, Hamilton, (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Caulis aphyllus squamis acutis vaginatus, spithameeus ad pedalem. Sepala 
ovata acuta, labello triplb minora. Processus carnosi oblongi, parallel^ 
agglutinati. Ovarium brevius rostratum quam in priore. 

75. Habenabia platyphylla. Spreng. Syst. 3, 

H. foliis radicalibus orbiculatis acutis horizontalibus, spica densa multi- 
flora, bracteis setaceo-acuminatis ovario duplo brevioribus, labelli tri- 
dentati lacinia intermedia lineari acuta lateralibus denticulatis nanis, 
sepalis eequalibus, calcare longissimo filiformi apice mcrassato. 

Orchis plantaginea. Roxb. Coram. \, P .32,t.37. Flora Indica, 3, 450. 

Orchis platyphyllos. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 10. 

Orchis Roxburghi. Pers. Syn. 2, 503. 

Hab. in peninsula India orientalis; montibus Circar, Roxburgh; dumetis 
et sylvestribus montium Vendalore, Wight, Wallieh. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. 
Angl. Ind.) 

Caulis M^-pedalis squamis acuminatissimis vestitus Flores albi, fra- 
grantes. 2 Sepala ovata, lateralia reflexa. Petala hneana. Ovarium 
rostratum. Antherse bases soluti porrecti. 

'6- Habenabia crinifera. 
H. foliis radi 


eulato quadripartite laciniis acuminatissimis seuaus *-j»i. ™»e r-— • 

sepalo supremo petalisq. galeatis, calcare ascendente clavato compresso 

labelli lonjntudine. 


Hab. in Zeylona ; in umbrosis ad ripaa fluviorum intra sylvas, Macrae, flo- 
rens Septembri. (hab. s. sp. et ic. pict.) 

Caulis sesquipedalis. Flores majusculi, sepalis pallide viridibus, labello 
albo. Sepalum supremum in labellum pronum lineis tribus purpureis 
in dorso. Laciniae labelli nunc denticulatae nunc integerrimae. Bases 
antherae longissimi soluti. Appendix e fauce calcaris cochlearifonnis, 

77- Habenaria trichosantha. Wall. Cat. no. 7028. 

H. foliis ovato-oblongis acuminatis subamplexicaulibus, spica brevi densa, 
bracteis ciliatis acuminatis ovarii longitudine, labelli tripartiti laciniis 
lateralibus capillaceo-multifidis intermedia lineari-lanceolata, sepalis 
lateralibus reflexis supremo erecto a petalis libero, calcare compresso 
ovario longiore. 

Hab. in regno Burmano, in monte Taong Dong, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. 
Angl. Ind.) 

Caulis l-l|-pedalis, parce foliatus. Folia 2^ poll, longa. 

78. Habenahia geniculata. Don. Prodr. Fl. Nep. 25. 

H. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis planis, spica cylindrace& multiflora, bracteis 
setaceo-acuminatis ovarii longitudine, labelli subrotundi trilobi lobis 
lateralibus dentatis planis intermedio lineari acuto, petalis sepalo supremo 
galeato duplb brevioribus, calcare basi infundibulari sursum cylindraceo 
clavato obtuso. 

Platanthera geniculata. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7042. 

Hab. in Napalia, et regno Burmano .- Gossain Than, montibus Prorae et 
Taong Dong, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Planta statura et facie 0. masculee. Bases soluti antherse ascendentes. 
Processus carnosi lineares, longissimi, porrecti. Sepala lateralis su- 
premo duplb majora. Ovarium breve rostratum. 

79. Habenaria longifolia. Hamilt. MSS. 

H. folds angustis acuminatis canaliculars erectis, spica laxa multinor , 
bracteis foliaceis acuminatis ovario longioribus, labello subrotum 
piano trilobo : lobis lateralibus semioblongis integris intermedio lineari 
acuto, sepalo supremo cum petalis aequilongis in galea agglutmau , 
calcare filiformi ovario longiore. 

Gymnadenia longifolia. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7060. 

Hab. in India septentrionali ; Nathpur, Hamilton, Mussooree et portu 
Kheree, Royle. (hab. s. sp. e Mas. Angl. Ind.) 

Caulis sesquipedalis foliosus. Flores albi. Labellum sepalis 3-plo niajus, 
magis minusve divisum. Rostellum liberum, subulatum, compressona 
antheree fere aequale, loculis subparallelis. Calcar viride. Ovarium 
sessile apice angustatum, vix rostratum. Capsulam baud vidi. " t0 
cessus carnosi apice dilatati uncinati. 

80. Habenaria stenopetala. 

H. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis patentibus, vaginis caulis laxis 
acuminatissiniis, spica pauciflorasubcorymbosa, bracteis acuminatissinu 
floribus longioribus, labello basi appendicular lineari-oblongo carnoso 
trilobo : lobis acuminatis lateralibus nanis intermedio sepalorum long 1 " 


tudine, petalis setaceo linearibus, calcare filiformi obtuso ovarii longi- 
Hab, in Zeylona, in umbrosis, florens Decembri, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et ic. 

Spithamaea, basi tantum foliata. Flores nivei. Sepalum supremnm 
convexum, non galeatum, lateralibus subaequale. C'alcar basi infundi- 
bulare. Appendix labelli parvus, convexus, pubescens. Bases antherae 
longissinii porrecti. Processus carnosi parvi, ori calcaris adnati. 

81. Habenaria commelinifolia. Wall. MSS. 

H. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis planis, spica laxa multiflora, bracteis foliaceis 
aeuminatis ciliatis ovario longe rostrato suba^qualibus, labello trifido 
laeiniis lateralibus setaceis divaricatis intermedia lineari acuminata 
longiore, petalis oblongis et sepalo supremo cucullato galeatis laterali- 
bus reflexis triangularibus rotundatis, calcare filiformi clavato ovario 
duplb longiore. 

Orchis commelinifolia. Roj-b. Fl. Ind. 3, 451. 

1'latanthera commelinifolia. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7037. 

Hab. in peninsula India orientalis ; Bengalia, Roxburgh, regno Burmano, 

Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 
Caulis sesquipedalis. Vaginae supremae setaceo-acuminatae. Flores albi, 

inodori. Bases soluti antherae longissimi. Labelli lobus medius valde 


82. Habenaria rostrata. Wall. MSS. 

H. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis radicalibus, spica oblonga densa, bracteis 
acuminatissimis ciliatis ovarii longitudine, labello tripartito sepalis 
duplb longiore laeiniis filiformibus aeuminatis, sepalo supremo galeato 
lateralibus latis apice falcatis, calcare clavato ovario breviore. 

Platanthera rostrata. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7051. 

Hab. in regno Burmano, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Pedalis. Spica crassa, multiflora. Bases antherae recurvi. Processus 
carnosi breves oblongi. 

83. Habenaria linguella. 

H. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis erectis, squamis supremis setaceo-acuminatis, 
spica subrotunda multiHora, bracteis acuminatis&imis ciliatis ovario 
"reuato rostrato aequalibus v. brevioribus, labelli tripartiti laciinis fili- 
formibus intermedia deflexa lateralibus brevissimis, sepalo supremo 
petalisque ovatis convexis libens galeam efficientibus : lateralibus pen- 
dulis contiguis, calcare filiformi compresso-clavato ovario longiore. 

H »l>. in China, Dora. Miltett ; Zeylona, Macrae, (hab. s. sp. et v. in hb. 

C <i»lis pedalis et ultra. Spica facie H. rostrata a qua vix differt nisi 
labello. Flores aurei ex Macrae. 

S4 - Habenaria acuifera. Wall. MSS. 

H- foliis omnibus radicalibus anguste lanceolatis erectis, squamis caulis 
setaceo-acuminatis, spica subrotunda densa, bracteis acum.natis ovano 
brevioribus, labello lineari tripartito : laeiniis lateralibus subulatis nan.s, 


sepalo supremo piano : lateralibus duplo majoribus, calcare cylindraceo 

apice obtuso inflexo ovario brevius. 
Platanthera acuifera. Lindl. in Wall, Cat. no. 7045. 

Hab. in regno Burmano ; Tavoy, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Jngl. Ind.) 
Spithamaea. Spica brevis. Bases antherse liberi elongati. Processus 

carnosi parvi, os calcaris ambientes. Anth. steriles ovatae, elongatee. 

Sepala lateralia labelli longitudine. 

85. Habenaria densa. Wall. MSS. 

H. eaule folioso, foliis oblongis acuminatis, spica longissima cylindracea 

densa, bracteis acuminatis ovarii longitudine, labello lineari obtuso 

indiviso, petalis sepalisque conformibus ovatis acutis cormiventibu9, 

calcare clavato ventricoso ovario breviore. 
Platanthera densa. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7046- 
Hab. in Napalia, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 
Caulis 2-pedalis et ultra. Folia 5 poll, longa. Spica fere sesquipedalis. 

Flores parvi. Capsular ovatae, brevirostrata;, hexagonai, angulis tribus 

costatis. Processus carnosi oblongi obtusi divergentes. 
Species facie propria. Perianthium campanulatum cum Habenaria male 

quadrat ; sed notam nullam inveni ad genu3 novum conficiendum 


Species dubia ,• forte diversi generis. 

Habknaria Sigillum. Thouars. Orch. Afr. t. 20. 

Hab. in Borbonia, Thouars. 

Folia in medio tantum caulis bipedalis, oblonga, acuminata, nervosa. 
Racemus laxus multiflorus. Bracteye brevissimas, squamifonnes. Hores 
nlbi. Sepala ovata, patula, subaequalia. Petala postice emarginata, 
6epalif paulo minora. Labellum 5-fidum : laciniis linearibus basilaribus 
minis, intermediis latioribus subfalcatis, intermedia e lata basi projiciente. 
t'alcar filiforme, ovarii longitudine. Ad ic. Thuuarsii. 


Perianthium Orchidis. Anthera basibus divergentibus attenuatis canalibus 
stigmaticis adnatis. Glandulaa nudae. Processus carnosi liberi, lanun 
cornea, spatulata, deflexa, canaliculate interposita. Antherae steriles a 
lata basi angustatae, fertilis fere longitudine, apice incrassats.^ 
Herba radice tuberculosa, caule folioso, floribus herbaceis galeatis. 
This very distinct genus differs from Habenaria in having a curious, 
horny, channelled, recurved tooth, arising from the anterior edge of tn 
orifice of the spur, and curved down upon the lip : its use is unknown o 
me. On account of its situation it cannot be considered analogous to toe 
little appendage we find at the base of the lip of H. crinifera and steno- 
petala -, whatever it may be, it is an organ so very highly developed, that, 
considering the great length of the sterile stamens, and the peculiar habi 
of this plant, 1 think we must admit it as a good generic character. 

ophrydEjE. 327 

I. Ate virens. 

Habenaria barbata. Wight in Wall. Cat. no. 7034. 

Hab. in peninsula Indies orientalis prope Dindigul, in montibus alt. 4000 
ped. Wight, (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. ic. pict.) 

Pedalis. Folia ovata, acuminata, omnem caulem occupantia, subito in 
bracteis mutata. Racemus secundus, laxus, 4-6-florus, bracteis foliaceis 
ovario longioribus. Flores virides, galeati. Sepala 8 1. longa, ovata, 
acuminata, glabra, lateralia reflexa; supremum cum petalis galeam 
formans. Petala pubescentia sepalo dupl8 latiora, bifida, laciniis acumi- 
natis anteriore breviore. Labellum pendulum, pubescens, trifidum, 
sepalis longius, lobis linearibus acuminatis aequalibus. Calcar filiforme, 
ovarii longitudine, obtusum. 


Bonatea. mild. Sp. PI. 4, 43. Lindl. Illustr. of Orchideous Plants by Bauer, Genf.ka, 

tt. 12, 13. 

Perianthium et Anthera Habenaria. Stigma labio siiperiore (rostello) 
libero, elongato, cucullato v. complicato. Processus carnosi 2, stig- 
matici, nunc longissimi, nunc abbreviati. Habitus Orchidis. 

Obs. Bonatea est Habenaria stigmate evolutissimo. 

a. Petala bipartita. 

1- lioxATEA speciosa. Willd. Sp. PI. 4, 43. Bot. Mag. t. 2926. 

B. caule folioso, foliis oblongis subundulatis laxe vaginantibus, racemo 
niultifloro compacto, bracteis membranaceis cucullatis acuminatis ovarii 
longitudine, floribus galeatis, petalis bipartitis lineari-lanceolatis galea: 
longitudine, laciniis anterioribus labello adnatis, labello tripartito laciniis 
linearibus acuminatis convexis undulatis apice revolutis, rostello ciliato, 
processubus carnosis spatulatis canaliculatis obtusis sepalorum longitu- 
dine, calcare filiformi pendulo labello aequali. 

Orcbis speciosa. Linn. Suppl. Syst. Nat. p. 401. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 1, 27. 

Hab. prope rivulos plures ad Caput B. Spei, Thunberg. (v. v. c. et hab. s. sp. 
comm. eel. Burchell.) 

2. Bonatea cirrhata. 

B - caule folioso, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis subundulatis planis, racenm 
paucifloro, bracteis foliaceis acuminatis ovarii longe pedunculati longi- 
tudine, floribus galeatis, petalis bipartitis : laciniis setaceis liberis pos- 
teriore brevi anteriore longissima flexuosa, labello tripartito laciniis 
capillaceis lateralibus brevioribus, rostello subulato glabro anthera 
breviore, processubus carnosis capitatis galea; longitudine, calcare 
•ongissimo compresso convolute 

Hab. in Madagascaria, Lyall. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Hooker.) 

Caulis sesquipedalis. Sepala lateralia triangularia, 9 I. longa. Petala 
cirrhata 2± poll, longa. 

3 - Bonatea incarnata. 

B - caule folioso, foliis ensiformibus canaliculatis erectis, raccuio denso 

328 ophryde^:. 

cylindraceo, bracteis membranaceis acuminatis ovario longioribus, sepalis 
omnibus reflexis supremo duplo minore, petalis bipartitis : lacinia 
posteriore membranacea subulata reflexa anteriore carnosa lineari- 
lanceolata antrorsilm areuata, labello tripartito laciniis linearibus acutis 
sepalorum lateralium longitudine, rostello subulato anthera breviore, 
processubus carnosis capitatis anthera brevioribus, calcare falcato ovario 
longe pedunculato aequali. 
Habenaria incarnata. Lyall, MSS. 

Hab. in Madagascaria, Lyall. (exam s. sp. in hb. Hooker.) 
Caulis bipedalis. Folia 6-8 poll, longa. Racemus semipedalis. Florcs 
inter minores. Petala duo cornua bovina simulant. Antherse stenlcs 
sunt emarginatse. 

4. Bonatea Bilabrella. 

B. caule gracili basi folioso, foliis lineari-lanceolatis abrupte in vaginis 
laxis acuminatis transeuntibus, raeemo laxo oblongo multittoro, bracteis 
membranaceis acuminatis pedicellis vix aequalibus, sepalis reflexis su- 
premo lineari-lanceolato canaliculato lateralibus dimidiato-oblongis apice 
valde obliquis, petalis carnosis pubescentibus bipartitis : laciniis ante- 
rioribus ovatis obtusis posticis erectis recurvis linearibus duplo longiori- 
bus cum sepalo quasi labium superius formantibus, labello tripartito 
laciniis lateralibus angustissime lanceolatis intermedia filifonni brevi- 
oribus, rostello cornuto anthera? longitudine, processubus carnosis 
capitatis anthera. longioribus, calcare falcato basi infundibulan. 

Bilabrella falcicornis. Bot. Reg. 1701. 

Orchidea falcicornis. Burch. Cat. Geogr. no. 5178. 

Hab. ad Caput Bonce Spei, Burchell. (exam. s. sp. in herb. Burchell.) 

5. Bonatea pratensis. 

B. caule basi tantum folioso, foliis angustis ensiformibus erectis, raeemo 
subcorymboso paucifloro, bracteis acuminatis ovario triplo breyion i 
floribus galeatis, petalis bipartitis : laciniis anterioribus linearibus - 
catis quam posteriores lanceolatae falcatse brevioribus, labello tnp*ri 
sepalis lateralibus aequali : laciniis aequilongis lateralibus Iineari 
subfalcatis obtusis intermedia lineari-lanceolata, rostello obtuso cue 
lato anthera longiore, processubus carnosis crassis truncatis 
calcare recto clavato ovarii longitudine. 

Orchis pratensis. Salzmann. 

Hab. in Brazilia ; Bahia, Salzmann, Don; Rio Belmonte, ad rivuluw 
prope Francoso, Princeps Neovidensis. (hab. s. up.) 

Subpedalis. Folia 3-4 poll, longa. Flores verosimiliter lutescentes. 

6. Bonatea flexuosa. 

B. caule valde flexuoso, foliis coriaceis lanceolatis acuminatis canalic 
raeemo laxo paucifloro, bracteis foliaceis cucullatis ovano longij i 
culato longioribus, floribus galeatis. petalis carnosis bipartitis : « l 
anterioribus linearibus reflexis, labello carnoso tripartito : lacuna ^ 
vexis linearibus obtusis intermedia longiore ascendente, roste llo . ^ 
cato anthera longiore, processubus carnosis planis rotundatis W 
calcare pendulo recto clavato bractearum longitudine. 

Hab. in Brazilia, provincia Minarura, Martius. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Mar . 



Planta facie omnino Iridaceae cujusdam spathaeeae. Caulis l£-<2-pedalis. 
Sepala lateralia reflexa 6 1. longa. Glandulae antherae maximae luteae. 

7. Bonatea pauciflora. 

B. caule folioso 1-2-floro, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis canaliculars, 
bracteis foliaceis cucullatis pedunculis brevioribus, floribus galeatis 
longipedunculatis, petalis carnosis bipartitis : laciniis lateralibus brevi- 
oribus reflexis linearibus acutis, labello carnoso 3-partito sepalis bre- 
viore : laciniis deflexis linearibus acutis subaequalibus, rostello compli- 
cato acuto recurvo anthera longiore, processubus carnosis crassis nanis 
truncatis, calcare clavato pedunculi longitudine. 

Orchis longicornu. Salzmann. 

Hab. in Brazilia • Bahia, Salzmann. (hab. s. sp.) 

Caulis palmaris ad l£-pedalem, gracilis. Calcar 3-pollicare. Pedunculi 
arcuati, longissimi. Antherae steriles magnae lineares apice crenatae. 

b. Petala indivisa. 

8. Bonatea foliosa. 

B. caule dense folioso, foliis brevibus oblongis acutis erectis in bracteis 
sensim decrescentibus, racemo denso multifloro, bracteis foliaceis cucul- 
latis succulentis ovario duplb brevioribus, floribus galeatis, petalis 
oblongis obtusis sepalis duplb majoribus, labello lineari obtuso basi 
bidentato, rostello complicato ovarii longitudine, processubus carnosis 
brevibus obovatis canaliculars, calcare recto pendulo clavato apice 
ventricoso ovario breviore. 

Orchis foliosa. Swartz, Act. Holm. 1800, />. 206. Willd. Sp. Pi. 4, 11. 

Hab. ad Caput B. Spei, Swartz, Burchell. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Burchell.) 

Caulis vix pedalis foliis brevibus basi laxe vaginantibus imbricatis dense 
tectus. Labellum 7 1. longum, sepalis lat. deflexis aequale. 

9. Bonatea gracilis. 

B. caule gracili subbifloro basi tantum folioso, foliis oblongis acutis, flori- 
bus longipedunculatis galeatis, bracteis vaginantibus pedunculis brevi- 
oribus, labello obovato tripartito laciniis indivisis intermedia lineari 
lateralibus dilatatis falcatis breviore, rostello complicato crenulato 
antherae longitudine, processubus carnosis teretibus obtusis petalorum 
longitudine, calcare longissimo apice clavato compresso. 
Hab. in India orientalis peninsula, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Bid.) 
F °lia 3 poll, longa. Caulis pedalis. Sepalum supremuui ovatum obtu- 
sion a petalis conformibus angustioribus liberum ; lateralia majora 
reflexa falcata. Labellum unciam longum. Bases anthera? flexuosae 
cornutae. Calcar 5 poll, longum. 

10 - Bonatea mierantha. 

B - foliis oblongis succulentis, caule gracili superne aphyllo distanter 
squamato, racemo laxo elongato multifloro, bracteis linearibus 

presso recto apice uncinato. 
Hab. ad Caput B. Spei. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 
October, 1835. » u 


Subpedali9, gracilis. Flores minimi generis. Racemi 2J-6 poll, longi. 

Rostello subulato et processubus parvis transitu m efficit inter Bonateam et 


Dlplomeris. Don. Prodr. Nep. 26. Diplochilus. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1499. 

Paragnathis. Spreng. Syst. 3, 694. 

Periantbium campanulatam calcaratum ; sepalis quam petala et labellum 
indivisum minoribus. Antbera borizontalis basibus li)Culorum elonga- 
tis liberis distantibus. Glandulae nudae. Stigma labio superiore (ros- 
tello) maximo membranaceo dilatato piano ; processubus duobus car- 
nosis collateralibus porrectis nunc cohaerentibus labium inferius simu- 

lantibus. Herbae humiles paucifoliae, caidibus nudis v. unisqua- 

matis, bracteis cucullatis subsolitariis. Radices tuberculiferze. 

A Bonatea differt stigmate bilabiato et perianthio campanulato ', Habenaria 
rostello maximo periantbioque. 

1. Diplomeris pulchella. Don. I. c. 

D. caule 2-3-phyllo subbifloro, foliis ensiformibus glabris, calcare recto. 

Paragnathis pulchella. Spreng. I. c. 

Diplochilos longifolium. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7064. Bot. Reg. 1499. 

Hab. in montibue Silhet, Wallich. (hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind. et v. k. 

Caulis 4-5 poll, altus, squama solitaria canaliculate acuta in medio. 
Bracteae ovatae, cucullatae, acutae. Flores nivei. Sepala 7 b long 3 ' 
ovato-lanceolata acuta. Petala longiora, duplo majora, ovato-oblonga- 
Labellum obcordatum, mucrone interjecto, planum. Calcar lg P o1 • 
longum rectum compressum. Anthera horizontalis, v. fere resupmata. 
Stigmatis labium superius obovatum, planum, integrum, membrana- 
ceum, ultra antheram longe prominens ; inferius e processubus duoou* 
carnosis collateralibus ascendentibus sejunctis constans. 

1. Diplomeris hirsuta. 

D. caule monophyllo unifloro, folio oblongo hirsuto, calcare incurvo. 

Diplochilos hirsutum. Lindl. in Wall. Cat. no. 7065. Bot. Reg. 1499. 

Hab. in Gossain Than, Wallich. {hab. s. sp. e Mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Tota planta vix 3 poll. alta. Caulis erectus nudus. Bractea magna, 
cucullata, ciliata. Petala 8 1. longa. Labellum obcordatum mucrone 
nullo interjecto. Rostellum eraarginatum. Processus carnosi parallel", 
ascendentes, plani, canalium stigmaticorum longitudine, in labium 
inferius cohaerentes. 


Cynosorchis. Thouars, Orch. Afr. Gymnadenise sp. Ach. Richard, Orck. Ma*r- 

Sepala sequalia conniventia. Petala sub sepalo superiore agglutinate. 
Labellum columna connatum, calcaratum, swepius 4-partitum, sepals 

OPHRYDE^. 331 

multb majus, et texturae diversissimae. Columna nana. Anthera 
horizontalis v. resupinata, loculis distantibus elongatis. Rostellum 
planum, dilatatum, tripartitum. Pollinia glandulis nudis. Stigma 

lobis duobus carnosis rostelli lobis lateralibus suppositis. — Herbae, 

Atricae australis et insularum Mascarensium ; radicibus testiculatis. 
Flores nunquam herbacei. Caules saepius squama vaginante in medio. 
The lip connate with the column, the great dilated trifid rostellum, the 

horizontal or resupinate anther, are the principal characters of this genus. 

The lip, moreover, is usually 4-lobed ; but C. squamosa is an exception. 

1. Cynorchis uniflora. 

C. foliis binis ensiformibus acuminatis erectis caulis uniflori longitudine, 
bractea vaginante euspidata pedunculi longitudine, sepalis obtusissimis, 
labelli 4-lobi lobis oblongis rotundato-truncatis lateralibus majoribus, 
calcare clavato ovarii longitudine. 

nab. in Madagascar, Lyall. (v. s. sp in herb. Hooker.) 

Radicis tuberculum oblongum lanatum. Caulis spithamaeus et parum 
ultra. Labellum fere 1 ^ p. longum, calcari aequale. 

9 <- Cynorchis purpurascens. Thouars, t. 15. 

C. foliis radicalibus erectis longis lanceolatis acuminatis, caule medio 
unisquamato, floribus nunc corymbosis nunc racemosis, braeteis ac-unii- 
nulatis, labelli 4-lobi lobis subaequalibus rotundato truncatis, calcare 
filiformi ovarii longitudine. 

Gymnadenia purpurascens. Avh. Rich. Orch. Maur. 29, t. 6, /. 1. 
Orchis purpurascens. Spreng. Syst. 3, 687. 

Hab. in Mauritio et Borbonia, Thouars, Madagascaria, Lyall. {ex. s. sp. in 
herb. Hooker.) 

Tubercula radicis oblonga, lanata. Caulis l-l|-pedalis. Folia 8-9 poll, 
longa. Flores purpurascentes. Labellum 1 poll, longum. Rostellum 
membranaceo-dilatatum alte 3-fidum, lobis lateralibus subulatis, inter- 
medio lato lineari truncato. Icon Richardi omnino erronea est. 

3. Cynorchis Boryana. 

c caule monophyllo squama unica acuminata laxe vaginante in medio, 
folio ovato-lanceolato ucuminato, labelli trilobi lobis truncatis aequali- 
ous, calcare inflato brevissimo incurvo. 

Gymnadenia Boryana. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. 28, t. 5. 

"ab. in Mauritio, monte du Pouce dicto, Bory. 

Tubercula radicis ovalia. Caulis 8-10 poll. Bracteae breves, acuminata;. 
Flores purpurascentes distantes, labello verticali, 8 lineas longi. Ros- 
tellum ex icone Richardi bilobum, maximum, lobis parallelis truncatis ; 
an recte visum ? Ovarium pilis quibusdam glaudulosis conspersum. 

4 - Cynorchis flexuosa. 

c - folio solitario oblongo 5-sulcato, caule flexuoso medio vaginato, spica 
laxa flexuosa, bracteis acuminatis, labelli trilobi lobo medio /••uneato 
emarginato lateralibus abbreviatis truncatis, calcare filiformi labelli 

fI ab. in Madagascar, Lyall. (ex. s. sp. in herb. Hooker.) 


Radicis tubercula subrotunda. Caulis spithamaeus, valde flexuosus. 
Labellum 8 lin. longum. Rostellum maximum, trifidum, lobis acumi- 
natis intermedio majore. Petala linearia subfalcata. 

5. Cynorchis fastigiata. 

C. foliis binis radicalibus oblongo-lanceolatis acuminatis horizontalibus, 
caule unisquamato, racemo corymboso, labello quadrifido: laciniis 
aequalibus truncatis, calcare longissimo filiformi. 

Cynosorchis fastigiata. Thouars, t. 13. 

Orchis uiauritiana. fiieber, Fl. Maurit. no. 169, non Lamarckii. 

Gymnadenia fastigiata. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. 25. 

Orchis fastigiata. Sprang. Syst. 3, 687. 

Hab. in locis humidis insulae Mauritii, Thouars, Sieber, Bojer. (hab. s. sp. 
comm. eel. Prescott.) 

Rostelli lobi aequales, acuti, paralleli. Flores lutei. 

This was referred to 0. mauritiana by Reichenbach in the distribution 
of Sieber's plants. Whatever that plant may be, it certainly is not tbis. 

6. Cynorchis triphylla. 

C. foliis 2-3 radicalibus lincari-lanceolatis 3-costatis horizontalibus, caule 
unisquamato paucifloro corymboso, labello quadrifido : laciniis requali 
bus truncatis, calcare longissimo filiformi. 

Cynosorchis triphylla. Thouars, t. 14. 
Gymnadenia triphylla. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. 26. 
Orchis triphylla. Spre7ig. Syst. 3, 687. 

Hab. in insula Mauritii, Thouars. 

An mera varietas C. fastigiata? ? 

7. Cynorchis squamosa. 

C. foliis 1-2 radicalibus oblongo-lanceolatis acutis, caule squamis pawns 
acutis vaginato, racemo brevi oblongo, labello postico cuneato trunca o 
basi bidentato, calcare gracili tereti labelli longitudine. 

Orchis squamosa. Poir. Enc. Meth. 4, 601. Willd. 3, 42. 

? Amphorchis calcarata. Thouars, Orch. t. 4. 

Gymnadenia squamata. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. p. 24, t. 6, f. 2. 

Habenaria Amphorchis. Spreng. Syst. 3, 689. 

Hab. in insula Mauritio et Borbonia, Thouars, Commerson. (v. s. sp. 

herb. Lehm.) 
Caulis 6-8 poll, altus, gracilis. Flores purpurascentes, inter niinnuos 

generis. Rostelli laciniae verosimiliter lineares, obtusae, aequales. 

An hujus generis ? 

Orchis mauritiana. Lam. Encycl. 4, 562. Willd. Sp. PI. 3, 42. 

Hab. in Mauritio, Poiret. 

" Caulis flexuosus. Folia erecta, lanceolata, acuta, multinervata. * ° 
solitarii, pedunculati, pedunculis longitudine internodiorum alter • 
Bracteae brevissimae, obtusae, basi vaginatae. Petala superiora ere « 
lanceolata, acuta ; bina lateralia linearia expansa. Cornu longissimu'^ 
filiforme, bis flexuosum. Germen longum, erectum, cornu m u 


I have seen no specimen which answers even tolerably to this descrip- 
tion. Sprengel refers it as a synonym to Cynorchis triphylla, and Reichen- 
bach to C. fastigiata ; with both of which its characters are totally at 


Tryphia. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1701. 

Sepala conniventia, sequalia, herbacea. Petala linearia, membranacea, 
sepalis longiora, faciei baseos labelli adnata eoque similia. Labellum 
membranaceum, alte partitum cum columna connatum. Anthera erecta, 
nana; lobis divergentibus. Rostellum ovatum, planum. Glandulae 

polliniorum nudae. Herba, Africse australis, foliis membranaceis 

radicalibus, floribus secundis. Radices testiculatae. 

1. Tryphia secunda. 

Orchis secunda. Thunb. Prodr. Capens. 4. Flora Capensis, 31. 
«ab. ad Caput B. Spei, Thunberg, prope sinum Algoa, Forbes, (hab. s. sp. 
e Mus. Hort. Soc.) 

iuoercula radicis sphaerica j radiculae lanatae. Folia radicalia bina, ovalia, 
acuta. Caulis palmaris, nudus. Racemi secundi, 2 p. longi. Petala 
linearia, obtusa. Labellum laciniis lateralibus petalis aequalihus et con- 
lormibus, intermedia cuneata tridentata. Calcar breve obconicum apice 


Arnottia. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maur. p. 33. 

ilores resupinati. Sepala inaequalia, lateralibus majoribus alaeformibus 
patulis, impari minore erecto. Petala angustiora ascendentia. Label- 
lum posticum, ecalcaratum petalis basi coalitum et conforme. Anthera 
resupinata loculis subparallelis basi divergentibus, glandulis nudis. 

Herba terrestris radice tuberculifera, caule monophyllo, floribus 

spicatis. Char. ex. Ach. Rich. 

1- Arnottia mauritiana. Ach. Rich. I. c. t. 7, /• I* 

? Amphorchis inermis. Thouars, Orch. Afr. t. 5. 

"ab. in Borbonia, Commerson, Thouars. 

Folium radicale ovali-oblongum, 2-3 poll. long. 1 poll. lat. Caulis spi- 

thamaeus. Spica densa, globosa ; flores purpurascentes. 

Probably the Amphorchis inermis of Thouars is a different species from 
th 's. As the other Amphorchis appears to be a Cynorchis, it is as well to 
oppress the former name altogether, in favour of M. Achille Richard s 


Bartholina. R. Br. H. New. 5, 194. 

Periantbium ringens. Calyx basi tubulosus, secundus, laciniis aequalibu*. 

334 ophrydEjE. 

Petala sepalis parallela, falcata, inferne labello subconnata. Labellum 
calcaratum, explanatum, patens, 3-lobum : lobo medio multifido laterali- 
bus trilobis : laciniis omnibus filiformibus. Anthera erecta, elongata, 
lobis parallelis cucullatis : cuculli distincti, basibus valvularum inflexis 
absconditi. Pollinia parva, caudiculis longissimis canaliculatis, glandulis 

intra cueullos inclusis. Herba pusilla, uniflora, unifolia, hirsuta, 

radicibus tuberculiformibus. 

] . Bartholina pectinata. R. Brown, I. c. 

Bartholin;! Burmanniana. Ker in Brande's Journal, 4, 204, t. 5, Jig- 2. 

Orchis pectinata. Willd.Sp. PL 4, 11. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 28. 

Orchis Burmanniana. Linn. Sp. PI. 1334. Swart z in Web. et Mohr Archxv. 1, 55, /. 3. 

Arethusa ciliaris. Linn. Suppl. 405. 

Hab. ad Caput Bonce Spei, prope urbem etc. in montium lateribus, Thun- 
berg. (v. v. c.) 

Folium reniforme, lobulis baseos imbricatis, pilosum ut omnes partes 
virides. Caulis vix palmaris, erectus, fuseus, teres, uniflorus. Bractea 
unica, ovata, cucullata, ovarium tegens. Calyx busi tubulosus, viridis, 
laciniis secundis, erectis, parallelis, lanceolato-linearibus. Petala fal- 
cata, acuminata, alba, violaceo colore tincta, supra antheram curva, basi 
cum labello levissimfe connata, glabra. Labellum unciam latum, medio 
viride, basi calcare brevi conico pubescente cavo praeditum, lamina ex- 
planatS., circumscriptione orbiculari, trilobum ; laciniis lateralibus tri- 
lobis, intermedia multifida, omnibus violaceis filiformibus. Anthera 
erecta, loculis elongatis, basi contiguis : suturis ob torsionem valvularum 
basi approximatis ; cucullis distinctis, sub basibus valvularum exte- 
riorum antherae absconditis. Pollinia parva, aurantiacaj caudiculis 
longissimis fulvis linearibus canaliculatis ; glandulis parvis in cucullis 

suis latentibus. Obs. foramen, v. areola transparens muco repleta in 

cucullo utroque adest sub glandulis. Stigma areola madida, oblonga, ad 
basin columnar, ubi calcar ab ovario separatur. 


Bicornella. Lxndl. in But. Reg. 1701. 

Sepala inaequalia; lateralia majora, labello extus oblique adnata, re 
sepalo supremo in galeam convexam agglutinata. Labellum calcar. 
turn, indivisum, angustum, canaliculatum, columnar nanae auna u • 
Anthera fere; horizontalis, lobis ascendentibus, basi elongatis, 
lateralibus rostelli adnatis, extus appendice linguaeformi (stamine steri j 
auctis. Rostelli lobus medius ovatus, planus, abbreviate, "ol m • 
minima j retinaculo longo lineari basi antherae elongate tecto. 
Herbae (Mascarenenses) caule folioso v. subfolioso. Flores pa 

1. Bicornella gracilis. 

B. caule squamis acuminatis vaginato, foliis brevibus ensiforniibus , pe l 

sepalo aequalibus, ovario scabro, antherae lobis labello semihberis- 

appendicibus spatulatis obtusis. 
Hab. in Madagascar, Lyall. {hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 
Flores majores quam in sequente, et minus approximati. Statura 


facies eaedem. Folia caulina nulla nisi vaginae foliantes. Rostelli lobus 
medius nanus, laterales elongati apice dolabriformes, a labello liberi. 
Appendices antherae lineares loborum rostelli longitudine. Calcar apice 
incrassatum. Labellnm lineari-lanceolatum, vix undulatum. 

2. Bicornella longifolia. 

B. caule folioso foliis lineari-ensiformibus erectis vix longiore, petalis 
sepalo minoribus, ovario glabro, antherae lobis labello connatis : ap- 
pendicibus ovatis obtusis. 

Hab. in Madagascar, Herb. Lehmann. {exam. s. sp. in Hb. Lehm.) 
Orchide laxiflora baud absimilis sed flores parvi et magis approximate 
Caulis l|-pedalis. Folia graminea sensim in bracteas acuminata* 
evanescentibus. Rostelli lobus medius ovatus lateralibus aequalis, 
usque connatus. Appendices antherae breves, carnosi, oblongi. Calcar 
nliforme. Labellum lineari-lanceolatum, acuminatum, crispum. 


Satyrium. Swart z Act. Holm. 1800, p. 214. R. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 196. 
Diplecthrum. Richard in Pers. syn. 2. 508. 

"erianthium ringens, labio inferiore e sepalispetalisque confecto,superiore e 
labello galeato bicalcarato aut bisaccato. Columna sessilis aut elongata. 
Anthera resupinataj loculis parallelis aut divergentibus. Glandulae pol- 
hniorum nudae discretae. Stigma bilabiatum ; labio superiore maximo 

inferius superante. Herbae Africae Australis, insularum Masca- 

fensium Indiaeque temperatae, habitu omninb Orchidis. Radices testi- 

•tabrica columnae, ulteribs quoad specierum differentias investigandae, 
verosimiliter characteres stabiliores ad species quasdam distinguendas 
praebebit. Sectiones nostrae faciles equidem, sed mere artificiales, prae- 
sertim duge priores. 

i 9 ~°ngicalcarata ; nempS calcaribus ovario cequalibus v. longioribus. 
? *• Brericalcarata ; nempi calcaribus ovario omninb brevioribus. 

»•>• Saccata; nempi labello basi bisaccato, nee i a karat u; saccis nunc etongatis sed reel is 
ootusissimis nee acuminatis. 

§ 1 a. Longicalcarata ; bracteis sub anthesi erectis aut patulis. 

L Satyrium membranaceum. Swartz in Act. Holm. 1800, p. 216. 

S - foliis radicalibus magnis orbiculatis cordatis, vaginis caulis imbricatis 
membranaceis cucullatis, spicfi. subdensa, bracteis oblongis ovatisque 
membranaceis concavis floribus brevioribus demilm reHexis, sepalis 
lateralibus lineari-oblongis triveniis intermedio angustiore infra medium 
trivenio, petalis linearibus undulatis basi 5-veniis margine laceris, labello 
galeato apice serrato calcaribus longissimis. 

Ha b. in Prom. B. Spei; Burchell no. 6J r > ad sinum Algoa, Forbes, in Zuu- 
rebergen, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Caulis palmaris ad bipedalem, vaginis membranaceis conspicuus. 

* Satyrium longicolle. 

S - foliis binis radicalibus ovato-subrotundis obtusis planis, vaginis caulis 

membranaceis acutis imbricatis, spick elongata conica bracteis ovalibus 

November, 1838. x * 


membranaceis erectis floribus brevioribus, laciniis perianthii alte con- 
natis, sepalis lineari-oblongis petalisque linearibus brevioribus carinatis, 
labello oblongo carinato apice dilatato crenulato obtuso, calcaribus lon- 
gissimis reflexis, ovario elongato lineari. 
Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, in Albany, pr. Botram, Drege. {hab. s. sp.) 
Caulis sesquipedalis, vaginis bracteisque acutis arete appressis omninb 

3. Satybium carneum. Brown in Hort. Kew. ed. 2. 5. 196. Bot. Mag. 
t. 1512. 

S. foliis radicalibus binis orbiculatis carnosis, vaginis caulis coriaceis 
foliaceis cucullatis aeutis, spica densa ovato oblonga, bracteis maximis 
patulis coneavis acutis ciliatis floribus longioribus, sepalis obtusis late- 
ralibus ovato-oblongis leviter carinatis intermedio lineari, petalis obo- 
vatis acuminatis obtusis inaequilateris, labello galeato apiculo obtuso 
reflexo, calcaribus deflexis ovario omninb aequalibus. 

Orchis carnea. Hart. Kew. ed. 1. 

Hab. in Prom. B. Spei, in sabulo alto puro, arbustis obumbrato, Herschell; 
in collibus arenosis circa Groenevalei, Drege; {hab. s. sp. et v. v. c. 
co?nm. illustr. Herschell.) 

Flores maximi generis, albi carneo suffusi. Bracteae roseo-marginatae. 
Stigmatis labium inferius ovatum acuminatum decurvum, superms 
lineare obtusum inferiore duplb longius. 

4. Satyrium parviflorum. Swartz Act. Holm. 1800, p. 216. 

5. foliis inferioribus ovato-lanceolatis caulinis inflatis acuminatis, spica 
cylinriraeea, bracteis oblongo- lanceolatis obtusis cucullatis erectis,sepa»s 
lateralibus ovato-lanceolatis patentibus intermedia petalisque linean- 
lanceolatis apice canaliculatis aequalibus, labello galeato acumine reflexo, 
calcaribus subulatis ovario paulb longioribus. 

Orchis bicornis. Jacq. hort. Schonbr. 2. 26 t. 179. 
Diplecthrum parviflorum. Pers. syn. 2. 509. 

Hab. ad. Prom. B. Spei, Ecklon ; ad Mord-Kuil, pr. Breederivier, Drege. 
{hab. s. sp.) 

5. Satybium stenopetalum. 

S. foliis . . . . , vaginis caulis oblongis coneavis erectis, spica laxa mu 
flora ; bracteis erectis oblongis acutis coneavis floribus breviori 
sepalis lateralibus linearibus basi angustatis membranaceis apice obtusis 
coneavis carnosis intermedio lineari patente, petalis linearibus earn 
revolutis apice canaliculatis, labello convexo ovato acuminata ap 
reflexo marginibus carnosis, calcaribus longissimis. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, Burchell, no. 6856, 6S80. '{hab. s. sp. comm. eel. w- 

5. parvifloro proximum, statu ra humiliore, calcaribus longissimis, ne 
sepalis angustioribus diversum. 

6. Satyridm foliosum. Swartz in Act. Holm. 1800, p. 216. Thunb. Fl. Cap- 
ed. Svhultes,p. 18. 

S. foliis oblongo-lanceolatis erectis cucullatis imbricatis caulis fer elo n^ ^ 
tudine, spica densa obtusa imbricata, bracteis ovalibus erectis imbnea 
floribus longioribus, sepalis lateralibus lineari-oblongis patentibus in 


medio Hneari decurvo, petalis linearibus obtusis suberectis, galea hemis- 

phaerica apiculata calcaribus filiforraibus pendulis ovario longioribus. 
/3, helonioides (Burchell hb. no. 4379.) bracteis paulb brevioribus, et sepalis 

petalisque magis obtusis. 
Hab. in Prom. B. Spei, Thunberg, Ecklon, Burchell; inter Vanstaadesrivier 

et Gamtoosrivier, Drege. (hab s. sp.) 
Flores parvi, (erecti, pallide purpurascentes, Thunb.) Caulis 1-1^ pedalis, 

foliosus, nee squamis vaginatus. 

7. Satyrium sphaerocarpum. 

S. foliis ovato-oblongis erectis acutis sensim in vaginis caulis foliaceis mu- 
tatis, spica elongata multiflora, bracteis oblongis acutis patulis florum 
longitudine, sepalis labello longe adnatis lateralibus oblongis intermedio 
lineari; petalis linearibus supra minute pubescentibus, lubello galeato 
apiculato calcaribus subulatis ovario subrotundo aequalibus. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, prope sinum Delagoa, Forbes, (hab.s. sp.comm. hort. 
soc. Lond.) 

Planta facie et statura S.foliosi, quo differt floribus majoribus, sepalis late- 
ralibus labello longe connatis, calcaribus brevibus, fructu subrotundo. 

8. Satyrium amaenum. Ach. Rich. Orch. Maurit. p. 31. 

S. foliis radicalibus binis oblongis acutis caulinis squamseformibus distanti- 
bus acutis vaginantibus, spica oblonga, bracteis ovato-lanceolatis acutis 
floribus longioribus deflexis, sepalis ovalibus acutis patentibus, petalis 
conformibus minoribus, labello galeato convexo emarginato calcaribus 
crassis cylindraceis ovario longioribus. 

Diplectrum amoenum. Thouars Orch. Afr. t. 21. 22. 

Hab. in insula Borbonia, Thouars. 

Caulis pedalis. Folia 4 poll, longa. Flores magnitudinis mediocris, pur- 
purei. Thouars. 

§ 1. b. Longicalcarata ; bracteis sub anthesi reflexis. 

9- Satyrium maculatum. Burchell herb. 6854. 

S. foliis binis radicalibus suborbiculatis membranaceis planis, vaginis caulis 
membranaceis cucullatis acutis, spica laxa bracteis membranaceis ovato- 
lanceolatis retrofractis, sepalis petalisque angustioribus linearibus ob- 
tusis glabris, labello oblongo convexo apice rotundato dilatalo, calcaribus 
» basi lata sensim filiformibus ovario elongato longioribus. 

Hab. ad. Prom. B. Spei, Burchell ; ad Driefontein pr. Gauritscrivier, et in 
Zuurebergen, Drege. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. inventor.) 

Habitu S. membranaceo accedit, sed petalis integris, bracteis cauli re- 
trorsum appressis, ovariisque elongatis diversissimum est. 

10. Satyrium longicauda. 

s - foliis lanceolatis acuminatis vaginantibus cauli appressis, spica oblonga 
densa multiflora bracteis membranaceis ciliatis ovato-lanceolatis acumi- 
natis reflexis floribus longioribus, sepalis linearibus patentibus carinatis, 
Petalis linearibus erectis ciliatis carinatis apice recurvis pubescentibus, 
labello ovato convexo apice dilatato crispo tomentoso, calcaribus fili- 
form ibus longissimis. 



Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, inter Zandplaat et Komga, Drege. (exam. s. sp. in 
herb. Dreg.) 

S. stenopetalo affine, bracteis longis patulis ciliatis reflexis floribusque di- 
versum. In utraque specie folia radicalia absunt ; an semper ? 

11. Satykium macrophyllum. 

S. foliis erectis oblongo-lanceolatis supremis angustatis imbricatis caulera 
arete vaginantibus, spica oblonga angusta bracteis lineari-lanceolatis 
acutissirais reflexis floribus longioribus, perianthio infundibulari, sepalis 
petalisque linearibus patulis cum labello fornicato dorso carinato ultra 
medium connatis, calcaribus ovario aptero longioribus. 

Hah. ad Prom. B. Spei, inter Omsamwubo et Omsamcaba, Drege. (exam.s. 
sp. in herb. Dreg.) 

Species bipedalis et ultra, foliis 9-10 poll, longis, membranaceis, circiter 

12. Satybium rostratum. 

S. foliis ovato-laceolatis erectis caulem prope basin vaginantibus, vaginis 
caulis appressis obtusis, spica laxa oblonga bracteis ovatis acuminatis 
ciliato-scabris reflexis, sepalo intennedio petalisque linearibus ascen- 
dentibus lateralibus oblongis dimidiatis dettexis, labello fornicato ros- 
trato laevi cum sepalis alte connato, calcaribus longissimis. 
Hab. in Madagascaria, Lyall. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Hooker.) 
S. macrophyllo proximum, characteribus indicatis satis diversum. 

13. Satyrium gracile. 

S. foliis radicalibus binis ovalibus acutis patentibus, caule gracili vaginis 
appressis acuminatis distantibus, spica gracili bracteis lineari-lanceolatis 
acuminatis reflexis, sepalis linearibus basi angustatis, petalis ascenden- 
tibus angustioribus, labello acuminato apice crispulo intus pubescente, 
calcaribus filiformibus arcuatis ovario multb longioribus. 
Hab. in Madagascaria, Lyall. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 
Caulis pedalis vel sesquipedalis, pennaa corvinae crassitudine. Flores 
parvi. Sepala lateralia minutissime ciliata. 

14. Satykium lupulinum. 

S. caule folioso, foliis radicalibus oblongis planis erectis superioribus 
angustioribus acutis patulis basi tantum vaginantibus, spica elongata 
multiflora densa bracteis ovatis acuminatis herbaceis reflexis floribus 
longioribus foliata, sepalis revolutis obtusis intermedio longiore, petalis 
erectis labello approximatis semirhomboideis apice reflexis crispis, labello 
galeato oblongo apice reflexo crispo marginato, calcaribus filiformibus 
pendulis ovario longioribus. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, ad sinum Algoa, Forbes, in Tafelberg, Drege. (hab. 

Species distinctissima, facie specierum sect. 3 pertinentium sed noulto 
major. Caulis pedalis ad sesquipedalem, foliosus, nee squamatus, 
bracteis verosimiliter herbaceis densis reflexis. Fabrica petalorum m- 
signis ; in exemplaribus quibusdam glabrescunt, in aliis pube niiu"^ 


15. Satyhium cucullatum. Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. Schultes 17- Bot. Reg. t.416, 
S. foliis binis orbiculatis ciliato-scabris, vaginis caulis utriculatis inflatis 

distantibus furfuraceo-ciliatis, bracteis oblongis obtusis concavis re- 
flexis, sepalo intermedio lineari obtuso petalis conformibus apice plano- 
convexis carnosis longiore : lateralibus majoribus omnibus basi alte 
connatis, labello acuto carnoso ecristato apice recto, calcaribus pendulis 
ovario longioribus. 

Orchis bicornis. Linn. Sp. pi. 1330, Bot. Repos. t. 315. 
Satyrium bicorne. Thunb. prodr. p. 6. 

Mab. ad. Prom. B. Spei ; in collibus prope Cape-town alibique in locis 

vere inundatis, Thunberg ; in Paarlberg, Drege; cum Satyrio candido, 

Herschel. (hab. s. sj>. et v. v. c. comm. eel. Herschel.) 
Flores virides, odore ingrato. Stigmatis labium posticum lineare erectum 

emarginatum apice denticulatum antico piano porrecto tridentato longius. 

In a dried state this is extremely like S. candidum ; but it may be dis- 
tinguished by the ciliated ovate leaves, without having recourse to the 
form of the stigma. 

16. Satyrium candidum. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1838, misc. no. 153. 

S. foliis binis subrotundo-ovatis glabris, vaginis caulis utriculatis inflatis 
distantibus margine pellucidis laevibus, bracteis oblongo-lanceolatis 
acutis r^flexis, sepalis linearibus obtusis patentibus, petalis confor- 
mibus minoribus ascendentibus apice recurvis, labello inflato obtuso 
apice reflexo dorso carinato calcaribus pendulis ovario longioribus. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei ; prope Guadenthal et Riebekscasteel, Drege ; in 
sabuletis apricis, Herschel. (hab. s. sp. el v. v. c. comm. eel. Herschel.) 

Flores albi, aromatici, gratissimi, quam S. cucullati majores. Stigmatis 
labium posticum rotundatum, antico ovato piano bilobo paulb longius, 
basi bituberculatum. Antherse lobi divaricati. Planta interdum ses- 

J 7- Satyrium acuminatum. 

S. foliis binis ovatis cordatis acuminatis undulatis planis, vaginis caulis 
3 di.'-tantibus apice foliaceis acuminatis undulatis recurvis, spica 
tenui bracteis ovatis acuminatis reflexis florum longitudine, sepalis 
petalisque ovalibus obtusis membranaceis venis 3 intermedia eva- 
nescente, labello apice obtuso carnoso crispo, calcaribus pendulis 
ovario longioribus. 
Hab. ad Protn. B. Spei; supra Katberg, Drege. (hab. s. sp) 
Fa cies S. cucullati, sed flores verosimiliter candidi v. flavi, et folia vagi- 
naeque acuminata. Labellum etiam sepala et petala textura formaque 

18. Satyrium humile. 

s - foliis radicalibus ovato-oblongis, vaginis caulis duabus cucullatis acutis 
distantibus, spica laxa (6-flora) bracteis angustis ovato-oblongis acutis 
deflexis florum longitudine, sepalis cum labello alte connatis lateralibus 
oblongis intermedio lineari apice concavo, petalis ascendentibus linea- 
ribus obtusis apice recurvis, labello basi angustato apice recurvo car- 
noso obtuso, calcaribus filiformibus ovario longioribus. 



Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, in montibus circa Dutoitskloof, Drege. (hab s 
■ S P-) 

This looks like a starved state of S. cucullatum, but the form and 
texture of the flowers are different. The stem is about 6 inches high. 

19. Satyrium densiflorum. 

S. foliis radicalibus oblongis erectis caulinis brevioribus patentibus basi 
vaginantibus, spica ovata elongata densissima bracteis lineari-lanceo- 
latis acutissimis reflexis floribus longioribus, sepalis lateralibus ob- 
longis obtusis recurvis intermedio multb minore lineari apice concavo 
obtuso, petalis minoribus erectis cuneatis retusis, labello carnoso apice 
rotundato crenato reflexo dorso costato, calcaribus filiformibus pen- 
dulis ovarii longitudine. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, prope Baksteinvalei, Ecklon. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. 

20. Satyrium nepalense. Don Prodr. Ft. Nep. 26. 

S. foliis radicalibus oblongo-lanceolatis acuti«, vaginis caulis distantibus 
mflatis acuminatis, spica laxa multiflora bracteis ovatis acuminatis 
reflexis florum longitudine, sepalis lateralibus oblongis intermedio 
petalisque linearibus glabris, labello galeato apiculato dorso cristato 
calcaribus filiformibus ovario longioribus. 

Hab. in India orientali; Napalia, Sirmore, Kamaon, Sylhet, Wallich ; Zey- 
lona, in monte Nuera Ellia, Macrae, (hab. s. sp.) 

Caulis pedalis et ultra. Flores rosei. Radices testiculatae. Labelli 
latera margine dilatata unde quasi trilobum evadit. 

§ 2. a. Brevicalcarata ; bracteis sub anthesi erectis aut patulis. 

21. Satyrium Wightianum. 

S. foliis oblongis coriaceis acutis radicali piano caulinis 1-2 angustioribus 
vaginantibus, spica oblonga densa bracteis ovalibus reflexis florum lon- 
gitudine, sepalis lateralibus oblongis intermedio lineari obtuso petalis 
linearibus breviore omnibus glabriusculis, labello galeato apiculato acuto 
eenstato calcaribus filiformibus ovario mult6 brevioribus. 
Hab. in Indid orientali, Wight, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. inventor.) 
Caulis spithamaeus, in exemplare nostra folio uno piano radicali, proximo 
patulo complicato, tertio erecto vaginante, quarto squamaceo cauli 
appresso. Florum siccatorum superficies minute papillosa a margine 
ciliato S. ciliati diversa est. 

22. Satyrium erectum. Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. Schultes, p. 16. 

S. foliis oblongis obtusis coriaceis margine cartilagineis scabris paten- 
tibus sensim in vaginis coriaceis convolutis imbricatis mutatis, spica 
multiflora bracteis oblongis concavis reflexis floribus longioribus, se- 
palis oblongis petalisque linearibus acutis labello oblongo galeato fere 
longioribus, calcaribus filiformibus ovario brevioribus. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, ubi vocatur " Geele Trewa" Thunb. j ad sinum 
Algoa, Forbes; Klein Drakensteen, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Caulis 1£— 2-pedalis, robustus, totus vaginis coriaceis foliaceis tectus. 
r lores aurei ex Harvey in hb. Hooker; flavo-aurantiaci s. pallicli secuud. 
I hunberg. 


In many respects this is nearly the same as S. coriifolium ; it is however 
abundantly different in the characters above noticed, in addition to which 
it is a much taller plant, remarkable for its very large bracts. 

23. Satyrium papillosum. Lindl. in Bauer's Illustr. t. 14. fructification. 

S. foliis binis radicalibus cordato-orbiculatis planis papillosis, vaginis 
caulis appressis apice acutis foliaceis patentibus complicatis, spica ob- 
longa obtusa multi flora, sepalis linearibus convexis recurvis obtusis 
petalisque conformibus minoribus patulis, labello oblongo acuto mar- 
gine revoluto dorso cristato apice subcrispo recurvo : omnibus alte con- 
natis, calcaribus ovario paulb brevioribus. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, in collibus arenosis ad Saldanhabay, et supra 
Camiesbergen ; necnon prope Donkerhoek, et Liefde, Drege; in argil- 
laceis sole induratis, nee in sabuletis, Herschel. (hab. s. sp.; et v. c. comm. 
illustr. Herschel.) 

Caulis spithamaeus, pedalis et sesquipedalis, crassus ; folia papillis elevatis 
micant. Flores carnei, sanguineo aut purpureo guttati, suaves, an- 
thoxanthi odorati fragrantiam simulantes. 

§ 2 b. Brevicalcarata ; bracteis sub anthesi prima, reflexis. 

24. Satyrium cassideum. 

S. foliis binis radicalibus ovato-subrotundis planis membranaceis, vaginis 
caulis foliaceis canaliculars patentibus acuminatis, spica laxiuscula 
multiflora, bracteis ovato-lanceolatis acuminatis reflexis floribus brevio- 
ribus, sepalis concavis obtusis lateralibus oblongis intermedio lineari, 
petalis minoribus obovatis erectis : omnibus labello carnoso galeato 
rotundato margine revoluto mult6 brevioribus, calcaribus rigidis re- 
curvis ovario duplb brevioribus. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, Burchell, no. 3854 ; prope Paarl et in Outniqua- 
land, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Caulis gracilis, pedalis ad sesquipedalem. Flores facie 8. cucullati, labello 
salvo margine carnoso sepalis petalisque membranaceis. 

25. Satyrium coriifolium. Swartz in Act. Holm. 1800, p. 216. Bot. Mag. 
'•2172. Bot. Reg. t. 70S. 

s - foliis oblongo-lanceolatis acutis coriaceis margine scabriusculis paten- 
tibus, vaginis caulis 2-3 coriaceis acutis distantibus, spica pauciflora 
bracteis ovatis submembranaceis acutis reflexis florum longitudine, 
sepalis petalisque linearibus obtusis glabris labello maximo transverso 
orbiculari brevioribus, calcaribus cylindraceis obtusis ovario brevio- 
ribus inttis barbatis. j 

s - cucullatum. Loddiges Bot. Cab. t. 104, nee Swartz. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei> Forbes, Burchell, no. 6067; ad Paarlberg, Drege. 
(hab. s. sp.) 
This is usually cited as a synonym of S. erectum Thunb but it wfflbe 

seen by comparing their characters that they are essentially distinct from 

each other. 

Flores vitellini. 

26. Satyrium ciliatum. . ... 

8. foliis ovato-lanceolatis erectis in caulem ascendentibus, oval, im- 


bricata bracteis ovato-lanceolatis demiirn reflexis floribus duplo longio- 
ribus, sepalis linearibus obtusis petalisque angustioribus ciliatis, labello 
galeato apice membranaceo obtuso dorso carinato calcaribus conicis 
petalis parum longioribus. 

Hab. in Nepalia, Wallich. (Jiab. s. sp. e mus. Angl. Ind.) 

Planta spithamaea Orchidis latifolice facie. Flores duplb majores quam in 
S. nepalensi. Stigmatis labium inferius (labello proximum) cuneatuni 
erosum, superius trilobum : lobo medio dilatato emarginato rotundato 
lateralibus abbreviatis. 
A very distinct species, mixed with S. nepalense in the distribution of 

Dr. Wallich' s specimens. It is readily known by its very long leafy bracts 

and very short spurs. 

27. Satykium ligulatum. 

S. foliis radicalibus pluribus oblongo-lanceolatis (undulatis?) erectis su- 
premis vagineeformibus, spica angusta multiflora bracteis ovato-lanceo- 
latis acuminatis reflexis floribus paulb longioribus, sepalis petalisqi e 
ascendentibus in acumen lotigum lineare obtusuni membranaceum an- 
gustatis, labello galeato carnoso apice membranaceo ligula±formi, calca- 
ribus decurvis acuminatis ovario brevioribus. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, prope Nieuwekloof, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Caulis bipedalis, vaginis caulis haud irnbricantibus. 

28. Satykium militare. 

S. foliis radicalibus pluribus ovalibus carnosis erectis, vaginis caulis 2-3 
apice foliaceis patulis, spica longa densa cylindrace& bracteis ovato- 
lanceolatis reflexis floribus longioribus, sepalis lateralibus oblongis 
intermedio petalisque linearibus obtusis basi cum labello alte connatis 
defle.vis, labello obtuso dorso vena alata cristato, calcaribus acutis de- 
flexis ovario brevioribus. 
Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, inter Gekau et Basche, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
Orchidis fuscce habitus, statura bipedali et majore. Folia sicca coriacea, 
superficie plana nee foveolata. 

29. Satykium eriostomum. 

S. foliis oblongis erectis canaliculars acutis caulem vaginantibus, spica 
elongata laxa bracteis ovato-lanceolatis angustis reflexis floribus lon- 
gioribus, sepalis lateralibus semi-orbiculatis glabris petalisque linea- 
ribus tomentosis labello carnoso inflato ecristato apice reflexo toinentoso 
undulato multb minoribus, calcaribus carnosis deflexis ovario pau 
Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, in Katberg, Drege. (exam. s. sp. i?t herb. Dreg.) 
Sesquipedalis, foliosa, Satyrii cucullati facie Flores carnos-i, labelh ore 
contracto tomeutoso, superficie minute scabra. 

§ 3. a. Saccata ; bracteis patulis. 

30. Satyrium bracteatum. Thunb. Prodr. cap. 6, Fl. Cap. ed. Schultet, 
p. 18. 

S. foliis ovatis amplexicaulibus 3-nerviis caulem rectum pubescentem ves 
tientibus, spica densa multiflora, bracteis subrotundo-ovatis acunii- 
natissimis patulis, sepalis lateralibus carnosis oblongis concavis patentis- 

ophryde.i:. 343 

simis intermedio pendulo membranaceo lineari-ovato obtuso petalis- 
que anguslfe triangularibus acutissimis membranaceis univeniis, la- 
bello galeato latiore quam longo extus avenio pubescente, columna 

Ophrys bracteata. Linn. Suppl, 403. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, Thunberg, Burchell no. 650; iu montibus prope 
Dutoitskloof, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Spica elongata, bracteis patentibus horizontalibus, caule pubescente et 
labelli forma ab omnibus valdfe diversum. Folia radicuiia multinervia 

31. Satyrium retusum. 

o. fohis inferioribus ovato-oblongis cordatis superioribus ovatis caulem 
amplectantibus, spica densa elongata, bracteis ovatis concavis erecto- 
patentibus acutiusculis, sepalis lateralibus erectis oblongis obtusis labelli 
longitudine, petalis linearibus multd minoribus, labello ventricoso apice 
tlepresso retuso infra apicem apiculato, calcaribus duobus retrorsis cy- 
lindraceis ovario mult6 brevioribus. 

a, bracteis floribus aequalibus. 

P, bracteis floribus nmltb longioribus, et spica crassiore. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei j a Mundt in hb. Hooker ; fl, ad Ruigtevalei, 
Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Ihis agrees pretty well with the specific character of S. striatum in 
-jbunberg's Flora Capensis, but it does not at all correspond with the 
detailed description of the flowers. It is a good deal like S. bracteatum at 

st s 'S nt J but very different when carefully examined. 

32. Satyrium bicallosum. Thunb. Prodr. 6. Swartz Act. Holm. 1800. 

P- 216. Thunb. Fl. Cap. p. 19. ed. Schultes. 
8. foliis ovatis amplexicaulibus obtusis nervosis caulis longitudine, spica 
densa bracteis ovatis setaceo-acuminatis patentibus erectisque floribus 
multb longioribus, sepalis lateralibus oblongis petalis acutis mucronu- 
latis sepaloque intermedio pluries longioribus, labello ventricoso acuto 
apice depresso inflexo glabro basi bisaccato. 
Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei ; in monte Paardeberg, Thunberg, ad Klein Draak- 
ensteen/et prope Liefde, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

This plant does not in all respects answer to the description given by 

^nunberg; it is especially difficult to reconcile with it the expression 

galea excisa." Nevertheless I can find nothing else among the many 

ta pe Orchidaceae in my possession which at all agrees with it ; and the 

galea may have been incorrectly observed. 

§ 3. b. Saccata ; bracteis reflexis. 

33. Satyrium lineatum. 

s « foliis ovatis amplexicaulibus nervosis caulem flexuosum ssepius glabrum 
vestientibus, spica densa elongata bracteis ovatis acuminatis reflexis, 
sepalis petalisque secundis linearibus obtusissimis univeniis lateralibus 
majoribus falcatis, galea ovata acuta glandulosa carinata basi bisaccata 
aaargine pubescente venis tribus elevatis scabris aliisque immcrsis abbre- 
viatis striata, stigmate villoso. 
November, 1838. v y 

344 ophryde^:. 

S. bracteatum. Ker in Branded Journal, viii. 221. t. 3./. 1.? 

/3. galea minus gland ulosa, caule flexuoso foliato, spica abbreviate sub 

y. foliis radicalibus 2 oblongis, caule pubescente, spica breviore, floribus 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei; a, in Piquetbergen, Drege ; (3, Ecklon ; y, ad 
Nieuwekloof, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

S. bracteato valdfe affine ; diversum tamen spica minus elongata, bracteis 
reflexis, caet. 

34. Satyrium pictum. 

S. folio infimo oblongo-subrotundo superioribus ovalibus basi caulem vagi- 
nantibus, spica angusta bracteis ovatis acuminatis patentissimis floribus 
longioribus, sepalis petalisqe linearibus obtusis 1-veniis lateralibus 
longioribus, galea glabra striata acuminata ecarinata apice ciliata, oal- 
caribus brevissimis gibbosis. 
Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, in Ruigtevalei, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
Facies 8. bracteati, quo differt bracteis longioribus, caule glabro, foliorum 
labelli petalorumque forma. Flores striati, parvi. 

35. Satyrium cordifolium. 

S. folio (solitario ?) subrotundo-cordato acuto caulis unifoliati longitu- 
dine, spica oblonga nutante, bracteis triangularibus cordatis acumina- 
tissimis densissimis reflexis ciliatis floribus multo longioribus, sepalis 
lateralibus falcatis obtusis sepalis petalisque acutiusculis multb majori- 
bus, labello glabro galeato valde convexo carinato basi bisaccato, ovano 
carinaque labelli pubescentibus, stigmatis labio galeae proximo bi- 
Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, in Katberg, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
A most distinct species, with very large, densely imbricated, reflexed, 
acuminated bracts. The flowers are the largest of any in the section, 
except <S. muticum. 

36. Satyrium muticum. 

S. foliis radicalibus cordato-orbiculatis planis, vaginis caulis striatis ap- 
pressis imbricatis apice foliosis, spica oblonga laxiuscula bracteis ob- 
longis concavis reflexis floribus longioribus, sepalis membranaceis in- 
tegerrimis papillosis intermedio lineari obtuso lateralibus oblongis tal- 
catis, petal is spathulatis pubescentibus crispis lacerisque cum sepalis 
altfc connatis, labello oblongo galeato ecalcarato apice membranaceo 
crispo. < 

Hub. ad Prom. B. Spei, Mundt, ad Driefontein, prope Gauritzrivier, Drege. 
(hab. s. sp.) 

Species eximia, foliis fere Platantherce orbiculatce. Caulis pedalis, crassus, 
rectus. Spica sub 12 flora. Flores inter maximos generis. Fetalis 
laceris S. membranaceo accedit. 

37. Satyrium trinerve. 

S. foliis caulinis anguste lanceolatis carinatis trinerviis erectis suprenois 
vagina;formibus obtusis, spica densa ovata angulis omnibus scabris, 
bracteis acuminatis patentibus floribus longioribus, sepalis lateralibus 


linearibus petalis et intermedio duplb majoribus, labello apice obtuso 
subrecurvo basi bisaccato, ovario tomentuso. 
Hab. in Madagascar, Lyall. (exam. s. sp. in herb. Hooker.) 

Folia railicalia desunt. Caulis sesquipedalis, gracilis. Spica sesquipolli- 
caris. Flores parvi. 

Species dubia, mihi ignota. 

38. Satyrium striatum. Thunb. Prodr. Cap. 6. Fl. Cap. ed. Sch. p. 19. 

S. "foliis ovatis cucullatis, floribus spicatis, bracteis rhombeis erectis, 
galea excisa, calcaribus brevibus ovatis." 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, in Picketberg, prope rivulos, Thunberg. 

ualea latissima, intus striis quinque purpureis, fornicata, obtusa, subex- 
cisa, dorso sulcata. Sepala lateralia oblonga, apice latiora, striis obso 
letis purpureis lineata. Petala obtusa, subfalcata, stria duplici purpu- 
rea. Thunb. 


Sepala libera, secunda, patentia, aequalia. Petala conformia, paten tia. 
Labellum posticum, patens, planum, acuminatum, basi bicalcaratum. 
Columna gracilis, libera ; anthera recta, resupinata, biloculari : stig- 
niate minuto truncato ad apicem columnae. Pollinia caudiculis 2 con- 

natis glandulae unicae (stigmatis apici) agglutinatis. Planta ca- 

pensis habitu Orchidis. 

Genus Satyrio diversum glandule solitari&, floribus explanatis, et stigmate 
minuto 1-labiato nee dilatato bilabiato. 

1- Satyridium rostratum. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, in montibus prope Dutoitskloof, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
Hanta spithamaea, recta, glaberrima, radicibus testiculatis. Folia anguste 
lanceolate, acuta, sensim caulem vaginantia, inferiora se3quipollicaria. 
Spica sesquipollicaris, laxiuscula, bracteis ovatis retrofractis floribus 
brevioribus. Flores verosimiliter albi,purpureo suffusi. Sepala lineari- 
lanceolata, obtusiuscula, subasqualia. Petala conformia sed magis erecta, 
teneriora, patentia, basi torta. Labellum posticum, patens, a lata basi 
in acumen planum abrupte acutum prod uetum, bicalcaratum, purpureo 
maculatum, calcaribus crassis obtusis ovario duplb brevioribus. 


Se Pala ringentia, basi connate; labello galeato basi bisaccato, sepal is in 
labium inferius tridentatum coadunatis. Petala O. Columna teres, 
elongata, sub galea recondite. Stigma bilabiatum : labio postico 
maxirno emarginato, antico utrinque in brachium porrectum producto. 
Anthera resupinata ; caudiculis nudis secus brachia stigmatis productis ; 

glandulis 9, nudis.- Herba pumila, foliosa, radicibus testiculatis. 

Flores ringentes, axillares, inter folia abditi. 


I. Aviceps pumila. 

? Satyrium pumilum. Thunb. Prodr. Cap. 6, Fl. Cap. ed. Sch. 19. Swartz Act. Holm. 
1800. p. 216. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei ; prope Ezelsfontein et Leliefontein, Drege ; in 
monte Picketberg dicto, prope rivulos, Thunberg. (hab. s. sp.) 

Planta 1^-4 poll, alta, erecta, dense foliacea ; tuberculis oblongis sira- 
plicibus ut in Orcbide mascula. Folia 2-4, ovata, acuta, undulata, gla- 
bra, basi in petiolum membranaceum angustata, 1-1 \ poll, longa. Spica 
pyramidalis, a caule folioso parum diversa ; bracteis ereetis, foliis om- 
ninb similibus, sed sensim apicem versus diminutis. Flores bracteis 
duplo b'reviores, semipollicares (forte majorcs), striati, ringentes, quo- 
dammodo caput aviculae simulantes. Galea acuta, recta, labio inferiore 
longior, leviter carinata, basi sacculis C Z ovatis aucta ; labium inferius 
planiusculurn, tridentatum : laciniis lateralibus obtusis apice incurvis, 
intermedia minore, ovata, omnibus vena media simplici incrassata. 

I think this plant must be Thunberg's Satyrium pumilum ; but he 
speaks distinctly of the petals of that species, under the name of "lacinia; 
duae interiores anteriores," and of the sepals which he calls " lactate 
laterales exteriores." The former are present and are the sepeu ; 
but the latter have no existence. I presume however there has been 
some mistake in the description given by Thunberg, for in all other 
respects it agrees well with the present species. 


Disa. Linn. Suppl. Swartz Act. Holm. 1800. p. 208. t. 3./. B. 

Perianthium ringens. Sepala libera, a:qualia, intermedio galeato, calca- 
rato vel saccato. Petala minora, erecta, basi columnse adnata. i< a " 
bellum liberum, filiforme aut dilatatum, integrum aut multifioum. 
Columna bipartita (anthera et stigmate sejunctis). Anthera bilocularis, 
erecta vel supina, glandulis duabus distantibus nudis. Stigma trun- 
catum v. convexum, disco obscure trilobum, saspe tuberculiforme, a 
basin columnar situm.* Semina in pluribus speciebus (an omnibus .; 
sitra, crustacoa, nitida, testa adhaerente apice et basi tantum libera.—--^" 
Herbae terrestres, Capenses, habitu vario, scapo terminali uni-mul i* 

Genus speciebus pulcherrimis superbiens, forma variis, genitalibus diver- 
sissimis, difficillime ordinandum et Botanicorum Capensium in solo na- 
tali studio anxi£ commendatum. Mihi, post specierum ultra trI 5'" 
investigationem cautam an unum solum sit genus, Penthea, Hersche 

* In Mr. Bauer's Illustrations, p. xi. line 1 1 from the bottom, the word " usually 
accidentally omitted after " and." This error gives a very incorrect view of my °P in . I( \ c j e 
to the nature of the stigma in plants of this series of Ophrydeae. I understand the ti Hie 
at the base of the tip of Disa, &c to be the anterior stigma, which is usually rudinien j 
or suppressed, in a perfect state, the two posterior lobes being in this case abortive. 
generic diameters of Monadenia, Schizodium, Penthea, &c. sumciently explain this. 

OPHRYDE^. 347 

Monadenia Schizodioque sejunctis, an plura omnino dubium videtur. 
Interea sectiones 11, characteribus variis fretas proponere licebit. 

§ 1. Macranthae. 
§ 2. Micranthae 

Conspectus seetionum. 

A. Anthera erecta 

B. Anthera supina. 

$ 3. Repandra. Galea incumbens, postica, calcarata. Labellum oLlonguin aut lineare. 

Petala supina, falcata. Flores spicati. 
$ 4, Phkbidia. Galea infundibuliformis, recurva. Labellum oblongum. Petala supina 

unidentata. Caulis uniflorus. 
$ 5. Vaginarii. Galea antica, horizontalis. Labellum oblongum. Petala lobata auri- 

culaeformia. Flores sessiles terminales subsolitarii. 
J 6. Pardoglossa. Galea antica, saccata. Labellum oblongum utrinque in angulum acutum 

productum. Petala falcata, supina, apice caflosa. Flores corymbosi. 
§ 7. Coryphaei. Galea erecta, basi infundibuliformis vet saccata. Labellum filiforme 

aut acuminatum. Petala erecta. Flores saepius corymbosi ; bracteae magnae mem- 

$ 8. Stenocarpa. Galea erecta, basi infundibularis. Labellum apice dilatatum lobatum. 

Petala supina, falcata, basibus productis antherae adnata. Flores laxe racemosi. Sp. 

§ 9. Oregura. Galea incumbens, infundibularis. Labellum oblongum. Petala supina, 

falcata, libera. Flores lax£ spicati. Folia setacea. 

§ 10. Trichochila. Galea incumbens, calcarata. Labellum lacerum, sessile v r el ssepius 

unguiculatum. Flores laxe spicati, nunc subsolitarii. Folia setacea. 

§11. Disella. Galea postica, basi saccata. Labellum filiforme. Fetala erecta. 

Flores dense spicati, minuti. Folia saepius filiformia. 

A. Anthera erecta. 
§ 1. MacranthtP. 

1. Disa grandiflora. Linn. Suppl. 406. Swartz Act. Holm. 1800. p. 210. 

Thunb. Ft. Cap. td Sch. 7- Bot. Reg. t. 926. 
D. caule folioso sub-bifloro, foliis lanceolatis acutis, sepalis oblongis acumi- 

natis, galea cucullata obtusa vel acuta, calcare supra basin brevi conico 

pendulo, petalis semilanceolatis denticulatis erectis, labello lineari-lan- 


Disa uniflora. Berg. Ft. Cap. 348, t. 4,/. 7. 
Satyrium grandiflorum. Thunb. Prodr. 4. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Burchell (858) ; in summitate montis Tabularis, 
Thunberg, ad margines paludum turfosarum, restate siccatis, hyeme in- 
undatis, temperie inter 3l|° et 96° Fahr. Herschel ; ad Dutoitskloof, 
Drege. (hab. s. sp. et v. v. c.) 

A most beautiful species with flowers 3 or 4 inches in diameter. The 
lateral sepals are bright crimson ; the dorsal one is paler on the outside, 
and on the inside blush-coloured, delicately veined with crimson. Of the 
habits of this and some other Cape Ophrydeae, an account is given by Sir 
John Herschel in the Proceedings of the Horticultural Society ,vol. 1. p. 75. 


2. Disa secunda. Swartz I. c. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 14. 

D. foliis radicalibus brevibus ensiformibus erectis, caule nudo distanter 
vaginato, floribus distantibus secundis, sepalis oblongis sequalibus infra 
apicem mucronatis, galea conformi infra medium dorsi saccata, petalis 
oblongis acutis, labello filiformi sepalis duplb breviore. 

D. racemosa. Linn. Suppl. 406. 
Satyrium secundum. Thunb. Prodr. 4. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; prope Fransehe Hoek, Thunberg ; in Dutoits- 

bergen, et Draakensteensbergen, Drege. (hab. s. sp) 

Flowers large, purple, from 4 to 7 on a scape about 2 feet high. Il 
varies with narrower leaves, and sepals. 

3. Disa crassicornis. 

D. caule folioso, foliis ovato-oblongis acutis erectis superioribus minoribus, 
spica rara paucifiora, sepalis lateralibus oblongis sub apice mucronatis, 
galea minore longe infundibulari arcuato horizontali, petalis reflexis 
labelloque lanceolatis. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, in summo monte Witbergen, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
Vix pedalis, scapo foliis obtecto. Spica in exempl. nostro 4-ftora. Galea 
cum calcare bipollicaris. Stigma latum margine superiore crenato, 
disco radiis tribus elevatis carnosis auctum. Anthera linearis, erecta, 
stipitata, rostello brevi, utrinque cucullo lacero aucto. Pollinia hauu 
vidi ; si his cucullis glandulas includuntur genus erit Disa diversura, 
cui nomen Pachycera idoneum videtur. 

§ 2. Micranthce. 

4. Disa incarnata. 

D. caule basi vaginato sursum folioso, foliis linearibus caulinis lationbus 
appressis acutis vaginantibus, spica ovata, bracteis oblongis acutis 
florum longitudine, sepalis oblongis obtusis, galea convexa obtusa 
medio calcare pendulo clavato ipsa longiore aucta, petalis orbiculatis 
dimidiatis galeae appressis marginibus contiguis rectis rostratis, labello 
filiformi sepalis breviore. 
Hab. in Madagascar, Lyall. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 
Caulis pedalis, floridus vaginatus, sterilis foliosus. Spica pyramidahs, 

5. Disa gracilis. 

D. caule basi folioso sursum vaginato, foliis ensiformibus erectis, vagim 
laxis acutis, spica gracili multiflora, bracteis oblongis acutis florum 
longitudine, sepalis oblongis obtusis coriaceis, galea infra medium i 
calcar carnosum inflatum pendulum ovario brevius producta, peta 
obovatis emarginatis membranaceis, labello lineari. 
Hab. ad Cup. B. Spei ; in Langekloof, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

This plant has much the appearance of a Monadenia j its stem is two 
feet high, with a slender spike ; the expansion of the flowers x is about 
\ an inch. D. physodes of Thunberg, which I have never seen, seems 
from the description to be nearly allied to it. Perhaps this is only a 
starved state of Disa chrysostachya ; Mr. Drege sent both under the same 


6. Disa chrysostachya. Swartz I. c. Willd. sp. PL 3. 47". 

D. caule folioso, foliis erectis lanceolatis, spica, longissima densissima 
eylindracea apice attenuate, bracteis oblongis acutis florum longitudine, 
sepalis oblongis obtusis coriaceis, galea infra medium in calcar car- 
nosum inflatum pendulum ovario brevius producta, petalis obovatis 
apiculatis membranaceis, labello lineari. 
Hab. ad Cap. B Spei, Burchell (4129) j in Langekloof, Drege. (liab. s. sp.) 
Caulis tripedalis, robustus. Folia radicalia sesquipedalia, superiora sensim 
minora. Spica sesquipedalii. Flores parvi, D. gracili simillimi. An 
species ista hujus forma macilenta ? 

7. Disa polygonoides. 

D. caule basi folioso apice vaginato, foliis lineari-laneeolatis caule parum 
brevioribus, vaginis summis abbreviatis acutis arete appressis, spica 
densa ovato-cylindracea, bracteis oblongis floribus brevioribus, sepalis 
petalisque oblongis obtusis, galea obtusa infra medium dorsi in calcar 
tenue clavatum ipsa paul5 longius producta, labello lineari. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, inter Omtata et Omsamwubo, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
Caulis bipedalis et ultra. Folia pedalia, semi-pollicem lata. Spica den- 
sissima, 3-poll. longa. Flores parvi verosimiliter albi aut rosei. 

B. Anthera supina. 

§ 3. Repandra. Galea incumbens, postica, ealcarata. Labellum oblongum 
aut lineare. Petala supina, falcata. Flores spicati. 

8. Disa cornuta. Swartz I. c. Thunb. Ft. Cap. J. 

D. caule folioso, foliis lanceolatis erectis basi cucullatis, spica multiflora, 
bracteis oblongo-lanceolatis floribus longioribus, sepalis oblongis api- 
culatis, galea orbiculata in calcar infundibulare producta, petalis fal- 
catis supinis basi auriculatis, labello nano oblongo obtuso velutino. 

Orchis cornuta. Linn. I sp. pi. 1330. 

s atjmum cornutum. Thunb. prodr. 5. 

"ab. ad. Cap. B. Spei, multis locis ; etiam in Outniqualand, Drege. (hab. 
s - sp. et v. v. c.) 

Statura variat a palmari ad tripedalem. Labellum apice atrum aut pur- 

9 - Disa macrantha. Thunb. Ft. Cap. 8. 

"• " galea acuta erecta, calcare conico porrecto, petalis interioribus re- 

tusis, labello oblongo acuto carinato." 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Thunberg. 
Ca Jear attenuatum, galea brevius. Flores D. cornuta fere majores. Mihi 


10 - Disa longifolia. 

D - caule folioso, foliis linearibus erectis caule longioribus, spica oblonga 
foliosa bracteis longissimis linearibus basi vaginantibus, sepalis linea- 
fibus obtusis intus pubescentibus, galea fornicata acuta pubescente 
basi in calcare glabro subrotundo producta, petalis auriculatis falcatis 
e marginatis supinis, labello lineari pubescente. 

Hab. a d. Cap. B. Spei, in Piquetberg, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 


§ 3. Phlebidia. Galea infundibularis, recurva. Lalellum oblongum. Pe- 
tala supina, unidentata. Caulis uniflorus. 

11. Disa longicomis. Linn. Suppl. 406. Swartz I. c. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 8. 

D. foliis radicalibus oblongis petiolatis, caulis uniflori vaginis 2 membra- 
naceis inferiore apice foliosa, sepalis oblongis labelloque lineari-oblongo 
venosis mernbranaceis, galea pendula infundibulari, calcare ovario lon- 
giore, " petalis sublinearibus apice sensim attenuatis obtusis a latere 
exteriore dente obtuso magno decurrente auctis sepalis longioribus." 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, in monte Tabulari, in praeruptis summitatis niontis 
ad latus sinistrum, Thunberg. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 

Caulis vix palmaris, uniflorus. Flos caeruleus venosus, 2 pollices latus, 
calcare sesquipollicari. 

§ 5. Vaginaria. Galea antica horizontalis. Labellum oblongum. Petala 
lobaia auriculaformia. Flores sessiles terminates subsolitarii. 

12. Disa fasciata. 

D. caule foliis parvis latis cuspidatis squamaeformibus laxh vaginato, flo- 
ribus solitariis geminisque terminalibus, sepalis oblongis obtusis mu- 
cronulatis intermedio antico basi calcare conico acuminato brevi acuto, 
petalis nanis subrotundis concavis auriculaeformibus lobatis, labello ob- 
longo-lanceolato concavo membranaceo. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Ecklon. (v. s. sp. in herb. Hooker et Lehmann.) 
Vix palmaris. Caulis maculis atris fasciatus. Flores pallidi, majusculi, 
bracteis semiimmersi. 

6. Pardoglossa. Galea antica, saccata. Labellum oblongum, utrinque 
in angulum acutum productum. Petala falcata, supina, apice callosa. 
Flores corymbosi. 

13. Disa rosea. 

D. foliis radicalibus ovato-oblongis obtusis, caule erecto sub-flexuoso, no- 
ribus corymbosis, bracteis angustis acutis vix pedicellis longioribus, 
sepalis oblongis obtusis, galea pendula sacco rotundato aucta, petalis 
contortis subdentatis supinis apice carnosis subemarginatis, labello 
ovato-lanceolato obtuso canaliculato utrinque angulato. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Hesse, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker et Grisebach.) 

Caulis semipedalis corymbo 6-7-floro. 

§. 7- Coryph^sa. Galea erecta, basi infundibularis vel saccata. Labellum 
Jiliforme aut acuminatum. Petala erecta. Flores saepius corynibosij 
bracteae magnae membranaceae. 

14. Disa sagittalis. Swartz. 1. c. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 9. 

D. foliis radicalibus anguste oblongis obtusis margine revolutis, caulis 
vaginis 3 acuminatis distantibus, racemo paucifloro subcorymboso, 
bracteis oblongis acuminatis membranaceis ovarii longitudine, sepalis 
angustfe oblongis acutis, galea, sagittata pubescente basi acuta conica, 
petalis a lata basi abrupt^ acuminatis pubescentibus, labello linean- 
lanceolato pubescente. 

Orchis sagittalis. Linn. Suppl. 31)9. 


Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Hesse, Burchell, 5344 j in collibus Houtniquas, Thun- 
berg. (hab. s. sp.) 
Caulis digitalis. Bracteae verosimiliter coloratse. 

15. Disa attenuata. 

D. foliis radicalibus oblongis ohtusis basi angustatis, caulis vaginis 4 acutis 
appressis, racemo subcorymboso, bracteis ovario attenuato duplb bre- 
vioribus, sepalis lineari-oblongis apiculatis, galea apice hastata. pubescente 
basi conica pendula, petalis a lata basi abrupte acuminatis villosis, 
labello lineari obtuso basi angustato. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, ad Keureboomsrivier et in rupestribus Kopje, Drege. 
(hab. s. sp.) 

Palmaris, D. mgittalis facie. Flores minores, ovarium magis attenuatum, 
bracteae minores ovario duplb breviores, galea diversa. 

16. Disa triloba. 

D. foliis radicalibus , caulis vaginis 4 acutis appressis, corymbo 

denso multifloro, bracteis oblongis acutis membranaceis ovarii longi- 
tudine, sepalis lanceolatis acutis, galea glabra obovata apice subtriloba, 
petalis linearibus obtusis rectis basi bine dilatatis, bibello lineari obtuso 
sepalis breviore. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, in collibus prope Breederivier, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
Statura et facies D. sagittalis, characteribus indicatis diversa. 

17- Disa glandulosa. Burchell, MSS. 

D. glanduloso-pubescens, foliis radicalibus parvis subrotundo-ovatis, caulis 
vaginis 8 membranaceis acuminatis appressis, floribus 5-6 dense corym- 
bosis, bracteis venosis ovarii longitudine, sepalis concavis ovatis, gale& 
basi in calcar late conicum ipsius longitudine product^, petalis subfal- 
catis labelloque eequalibus oblongis obtusis erectis apiculatis. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Burchell, 7337- (exam. s. sp. in hb. Burchell.) 

18. Disa venosa. Swartz. 1. c. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 15. 

D. foliis radicalibus lanceolatis glaucis, caulis vaginis 4-6 appressis acutis, 
racemo paucifloro laxo, bracteis ovatis acutis ovario duplb brevionbus, 
sepalis oblongis obtusis venosis, galea patula dorso obtuse conica, petalis 
oblongis obtusis integris, labello lineari sepalis multb breviore. 

Orchis tripetaloides. Linn. ! Suppl. 398. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Thunberg, Burchell. 7409 (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. 


The Orchis tripetaloides certainly belongs to this species, and not to the 
D. excelsa of Thunberg, of which I have seen no specimens, but which 
*<>uld seem from the description to be quite a different plant. 

19- Disa caulescens. 

D- caule gracili folioso ascendente. foliis distantibus inferioribus lineari- 
lanceolatis supremis linearibus diminutis. racemo laxo flexuoso, bracteis 
linearibus acutis ovario brevioribus, sepalis oblongis angust.s hor.zon- 
talibus sub apice mucronulatis, galea pendula basi conica acuta, petal.s 
subrotundo-cuneatis apice denticulatis, labello fihformi. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Malbrokskloof, et Dutoitskloof, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
December, 1838. z z 


352 OPHRYDE^. 

Palmaris ad sesquipedalem, racemo 3-12-floro. Flores D. venosee similes, 
sed pallidiores. 

20. Disa nervosa. 

D. caule folioso rigido stricto, foliis nervosis ensiformibus acutatis, racemo 
denso ovato obtuso bracteis anguste oblongis apiculatis flore paul5 bre- 
vioribus, sepalis oblongis erectis obtusis sub apice acute et latfe carinatis, 
galea paulb breviore obtusa basi in calcar filiforme producta, petalis 
linearibus subfalcatis apice truncatis denticulatis, labello lineari. 

Hab ad Cap. B. Spei, inter Omtata et Omsamwubo, et prope Omsamcala, 
Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Caulis sesquipedalis et bipedalis. Folia, in sicco, valde nervosa, semipe- 
dalia. Racemus tripollicaris. Sepala fere uncialia. Bracteee nervosa;. 

SI. Disa Draconis. Swartz. I. c. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 10. 

D. foliis radicalibus angustis canaliculars recurvis, vaginis caulis brac- 
teisque floribus subaequalibus membranaceis acutis reticulatis, racemo 
oblongo laxo multifloro, sepalis elongatis oblongisve acutis, galea erecta 
obtusEi calcare longissimo subulato ovario longiore, petalis acnminatis 
retusis sepalis paulb brevioribus, labello lineari apice dilatato obtuso. 

Orchis Draconis. Linn. Suppl. 400. 

Satyrium Draconis. Thunb. Prodr. 5. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, in Roggevelt, Fransche Hoek, alibique, Thunberg; 
Paarlberg, Nieuwe Kloof, et Camiesbergen, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Species pulchra, sesquipedalis, bracteis vaginisque membranaceis reticu- 
latis insignis. Galea alba, sepala flavesVenti-alba, petala striis margi- 
neque antico purpuras, labellum album, ex Thunb. 

§ 8. Stenocarpa. Galea erecta, basi infundibular is. Labellum apice di la- 
tatum, lobatum. Petala supina,falcata, basibus productis anthera adnata. 
Flores laxe racemosi. 

22. Disa gladioliflora. Burchell, MSS. 

D. foliis . . . , caule gracili, vaginis angustis distantibus apice herbaceis 
setaceis, racemo laxo 9-10-floro, bracteis ovatis setaceo-acuminatis 
ovario gracillimo duplb brevioribus, sepalis linearibus apice latioribus, 
galea arcuata erecta obtusa subdentata basi in cornu arcuato product!, 
labello lineari apice latiore tridentato sepalorum longitudine, petalis 
falcatis acnminatis basi dilatatis. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Burchell, 5184, (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Burchell.) 

Caulis sesquipedalis. Flores parvi. 

§ 9. Okegura. Galea incumbens, infundibularis. Labellum oblongum. Petala 
supina,falcata, libera. Flores laxe spicati. Folia setacea. Caulis calami- 

23. Disa porrecta. Swartz I. c. Willd. Sp. Fl. no. 8. Ker in Brande's 
Journal, vol. 5, t. 5,/. 1. 

D. foliis radicalibus setaceis basi lanatis, caule stricto vaginis distan- 
tibus membranaceis setaceo-acuminatis, spica ovata v. oblonga laxa, 
bracteis setaceo-acuminatis ovario brevioribus, sepalis oblongis con- 
cavis infra apicem cirrhosis, galea horizontaii infundibulari calcare 


ovario breviore, petalis supinis falcatis basi auriculatis liberis, labello 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Burchell, no. 8199.) 
Flores coccinei 9 lineas longi. Caulis sesquipedalis, calamum corvinum 

crassus. Folia vix semipedalia. 

§ 10. Trichochila. Galea incumbens, calcarata. Labellum laeerum, sessile, 
vel scepiils unguiculatum. Flores laxe spicati, nunc subsolitarii. Folia 

24. Disa spathulata. Swartz I. c. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 15. Bauer s Illustr. 
Gen. t. XIV. 

D. foliis angustissimis rigidis striatis apice latioribus subfalcatis, caulis 
stricti foliis duplo longioris subbiflori vaginis 3 distantibus laxis acumi- 
natis, bracteis oblongis acuminatis ovario duplb brevioribus, sepalis 
ovatis apice inflexis acuminatis tortis, galea ovata incumbente crenulata 
calcare brevi recto intils villoso supra basin aucta, labello subrotundo- 
cordato trilobo crenato longe unguiculato, petalis supinis falcatis bipar- 
tilis serratis basi auriculatis. 

Orclis spathulata. Linn. Suppl. 396. 
Satyrium spathulatum. Thunb. Prodr. 5. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, in collihus prope villain Mosselbank, juxta Mossel- 
banks Rivier, prope Ribeck Casteel, Picketberg, in Roodezand et prope 
urbem Cap., floreus Septembri, Octobri, Thunberg ; inter Paarl et 
Paarleberg, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Caulis subpedalis, leviter flexuosus. Tubercula radicis testiculata lanata. 
Folia basi glabra. 
According to Thunberg, the Colonists of the Cape call this plant Moder 

Haartslag. It is a pretty species with green and pink flowers. 

25. Disa tripartita. 

D. foliis angustissimis rigidis striatis falcatis versus apicem latioribus, 
caulis foliis paulb longioris subbiflori vaginis 3 laxis acuminatis distan- 
tibus, bracteis oblongis acuminatis ovario duplb brevioribus, sepalis 
ovatis apice inflexis, galea ovata incumbente obsolete crenata calcare 
brevissimo recto obtuso supra basin aucta, labello tripartite lacinns 
linearibus intermedia flexuosa longissima, petalis supinis bidentatis. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, prope Albany, Drege. (hab. s.sp.) 

I have seen only one specimen of this remarkable plant, which re- 
sembles Disa spathulata in habit, but has quite a different lip. It hag not 
b een in my power to determine with certainty the form ot the petals. 

26. Disa multifida. 

»• foliis filiformibus rigidis striatis, caulis gracilis calamiformis vaginis 
6-7 membranaceis acuminatis distantibus, floribus paucis secundis brac- 
teis ovatis acutis ovarii longitudine, sepalis ovatis patul.s reefs 
mucronatis, galea acuta basi conica ovario duplb breviore, petalis 
labello a lata basi unguiculato multifido. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, in Cederbergen, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
tubercula radicum fusiformia, fabric* interna in bac aliisque valde sin- 



gulari, quasi cellulis compositis separauii.bus fareta, microscopistis 
commendata. Caulis fere bipedalis. Flores magnitudine D. barbatce. 

27- Disa barbata. Swartz, I. c. Thunb Fl. Cap 11. 

D. foliis angustissimis rigidis nervosis caulis longitudine, caule calami- 
formi vaginis 7-8 distantibus membranaceis acuminatis, floribus se- 
cundis racemosis bracteis ovatis acuminatis vix pedicellis longioribus, 
sepalis ovatis acutis patulis, galea subrotundo-ovata acuta erecta pos- 
tice in calcar breve conicum ascendens producta, petalis abrupte geni- 
culatis apice oblique dilatatis inaequaliter 3-4-dentatis, labello sessili 

Orchis barbata. Linn. Suppl. 399. 
Satyrium barbatum. Thunb. Prodr. 5. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, prope fluvios Kalbeljaus et Zeekorivier, nee non in 
Hottentots Hollandberg, Thunberg. (hab. s. sp. comm. cell. Hooker et 
Burchell, no. 4572.) 

Caulis 2-3-pedalis, 6-00-florus, (2-8-florus Thunb.). Flores cinerei, venis 

28. Disa lacera. Swartz 1. c. Willd. Sp. PI. 4. 50. Thunb Fl. Cap. 12. 
D. foliis filiformibus rigidis contortis striatis caulis longitudine, caule 

calamiformi vaginis 5-6 valde membranaceis et appressis acutissimis, 
floribus subsecundis racemosis bracteis ovatis acutis pedicellis paulb 
longioribus, sepalis oblongis cum acumine, galea subrotundo-ovata ob- 
tusa cum acumine in calcar conicum ovario dupl5 brevius producta, 
petalis falcatis obtusis, labello sessili ovato fimbriato. 

Eulophia hians. Spreitg. Stjst. Veg. 3. 720. Supra, p. 183. 

Satyrium hians. Linn. Suppl. 401. 

Limodorum hians. Swarts I. c. Willd. Sp. PI 4. 128. nee Thunb. Fl. Cap. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; in Langekloof, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

This is very like D. barbata in some respects ; but its leaves are nar- 
rower, the flowers not more than half the size, and according to Thunberg 

§ 11. Disella. Galea postica, basi saccala. Labellum filifortne. Petala 
erecta. Flores dense spicati, minuti. Folia sa?pius filiformia. 

29. Disa bracteata. Swartz I. c. Willd. Sp. PL 4. 4S. Bot. Keg. 324. 

D. caule folioso, foliis lanceolatis erectis basi vaginantibus, spica multi- 
flora laxiuscula, bracteis foliaceis acuminatis florum longitudine, sepalis 
reflexis ovato-lanceolatis acutis, galea ovali obtusa basi in calcar breve 
obtusum producta, petalis lineari-lanceolatis obtusis basi obliquis cor- 
datis, labello lineari obtuso. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Ecklon. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Lehmann.) 

Flores parvi virides, galea fusca. Caulis spithamaeus. 

30. Disa tenuis. 

D. foliis setaceis caule tenui distanter vaginato mult5 brevioribus, spica 
laxa multiflora angulata flexuosa, bracteis setaceo-acuminatis oyarii 
longitudine, sepalis ovatis sub apice mucronatis, galea erecta basi co- 
nica ascendente, petalis linearibus subfalcatis obtusis basi auriculatis, 
labello filiformi sepalis breviore. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, prope Wynberg, in arenosis, Drege. (hab. *. <p ) 



31. Disa tenella. Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. Sch. 11. 

D. caule folioso, foliis e lata basi filiformibus flexuosis, spica densa, brac- 
teis subrotundo-ovatis apice foliaceis calcare sepalorum longitudine, 
labello spatulato, petalis acutis. 

Orchis tenella. Linn. Suppl. 400. 
Satyrium tenellum. Thunb. Prodr. p. 5. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Hesse ; in caropis arenosis, locis inundatis inter ur- 

bem Cap. et seriem magnam montium, florens Junio, etc. Thunberg ; 

Roodezand, Drege ,• Uitenhage, Ecklon. (hab. s. sp.) 
Flores rubri, Thunb. Caulis digitalis. Bracteae apice foliaceae, acuminata?, 

floribus duplb longiores. Sepala oblonga. Petala acuta, rhomboidea, 

nullo modo acuminata. Labellum apice latius. 

32. Disa brachyceras. 

D. caule folioso, foliis e lata basi filiformibus flexuosis, spica densa, brac- 
teis subrotundo-ovatis apice foliaceis superioribus haud floribus longio- 
ribus, calcare brevi conico acuto, labello lineari, petalis acuminatis. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; prope Donkerhoek, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
Praecedenti similis, sed flores duplb minores. Sepala acuta. Petala rhom- 
boidea, in acumen obtusum producta. Labellum lineare basi latius. 
Bracteae inferiores floribus longiores. 

33. Disa obtusa. 

D. caule folioso, foliis lineari-lanceolatis, spica densa, bracteis oblongis 
concavis florum longitudine, calcare brevissimo obtuso, labello lineari 
membranaceo sepalis(|ue lateralibus supremo multb brevioribus, petalis 
minimis linearibus subfakatis basi iu dentem obtusum productis. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Sieber. (exam. s. sp. in hb. Hooker.) 
taulis palmaris, foliis erectis lineari-lanceolatis basi vaginantibus yestitus 
Spica elongate. Bracteae oblongae, concavae, florum longitudine vel 
paulb breviores. Galea oblonga, obtusa, erecta, basi in gibbum ob- 
tusum brevem producta. Sepala lateralia oblonga obtusa. 1 etala mi- 
nora, versus dorsum galesa arcuata, linearia, obtusa, basi antenore in 
angulum obtusum extensa. 

^ Species mihi ignota. 

34. Disa (Oregura ?) bifida. Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. Sch. 9. 
Hab. a( | Cap. B. Spei, in interioribus regionibus, Thunberg. 

Stepw pedalis. Flores secundi, bracteis acuminatis capsule multoties bre- 
vioribus. Galea fornicata, erecta, calcare cylindraceo, horizontal., un- 
guiculari, apice bifida. Sepala oblonga, obtusa, carinata, paten ia_ 1 etala 
galea tecta, recurva, basi latiuscula, erecta. Labellum sepahs simile. 

35 - Disa (Oregura ? ?) ferruginea. Thunb. /. c. 1 1. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, in frontispicio montis Tabularis, Thunberg. 

Scapus pedalis, vaginis pluribus ^^^f^^t^JrZ^Z, 
«ans, rarior. Flores resupinali. Galea fornicata ca ta 
subulato, basi ampliore, capsula fere longiore. Sepala ^«**°££ 
"taceo-cuspidata. Petala linearia. Labellum sepahs, conca 
vum erectiusculum. 



36. Disa ciTnua. Thunb. I. c. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Thunberg. 

Tuberculum difforme. Caulis foliosus, pedalis et ultra. Folia carinata, 
rigida, subcoriacea, margine membranacea. Spica pedalis, apice cernwi, 
subdensa. Galea erecta, fomicata. Calcar subinflatum, venosum. Se- 
pala ovato-lanceolata, acuta, erecto-patentia. Petala galea tecta, e basi 
lata lanceolato-acuminata, falcata, venosa. Labellum lineare, obtusum. 
An Monadenia ? An potius Coryphaeis affinior ? 

37- Disa physodes. Thunb. I. c. 12. 

Hab ad Cap. B. Spei, infra Paarlberg, Thunberg. 

Caulis foliosus, pedalis et ultra. Folia equilantia, spithamaea. Spiea pe- 
dalis, apice cernua ; laxiuscula. Galea erecta, f'ornicata, emarginata, 
calcare gibbo subdidymo dependente. Sepala ovata, obtusa, reflexa. 
Petala galea tecta, sublinearia, basi latiora concava, apice emarginata, 
crassiuscula, saturate purpurea. Labellum lineare, obtusum, integrum. 
An Monadenia ? 

38. Disa cylindrica. Thunb. I. c. 

Caulis pedalis. Folia alternation vaginantia, pollicaria v. ultra. Spica 
subeylindrica, digitalis. Flores minuti, numerosissirni. Galea fornicata, 
ovata, calcare brevi. Sepala ovato-lanceolata, vix acuta, patentia. Pe- 
tala lanceolata erecta. Labellum lineari-oblongum, apice obovatum. An 
Monadenia, densiflorae affinis ? 

39. Disa (Coryphaea ?) excelsa. Swartz. I. c. Thunb. I. c. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, in collibus Houtniquas, prope rivos in Langekloof* 

et Kramrivier, florens Novembri, Thunberg. 
Folia radicalia, 6 v. plura, lanceolata, acuta, erecta, digitalia. Scapus^i- 
formis, bipedalis. Spica rara, palmazis et ultra, floribus 20-30. Galea 

calcare brevissimo obtuso porrecto. Sepala ovato-lanceolata. Petala 

minima, lanceolata, falcata. Labellum integrum, concavum, leviter 

margine undulatum. 

The Orchis tripetaloides of Linnaeus is apparently the D. venosa of Thun- 
berg, although quoted by that author to the present species, which 
seems quite different, so far as can be judged by the description in the 
Flora Capensis. 


Perianthium ringens. Sepala membranacea, libera, supremo galeato 
basi calcarato. Petala carnosa. Labellum liberum, oblongum, car- 
nosum, planum. Columna nana, bipartita (stigmate antheraque se- 
junctis). Stigma carnosum, elevatum, truncatum, basi labelli siturn. 
Anthera resupinata, caudiculis in glandulu unica connatis. Stamina 

sterilia, libera . Herbae Capenses, radicibus testiculatis, folus 

facieque Opbrydis. 

Genus a Disa caeterisque affinibus optime distiuctum glandulis polliniorum 
in unam concretis petalisque subaequalibus carnosis nunc confornnbus 
nunc labello lineari. 

1. Monadenia rufescens. 

M. foliis radicalibus binis oblongis, caule vaginato, bracteis oblongis acutis 
floribus multo brevioribus, calcare lineari pendulo sepalis multo longiore. 

ophrydejE. 357 

Satyrium rufescens. Thunb. Prodr. 5. 

Disa rufescens. Swartz Act. Holm. 1800, p. 210. Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. Schultes, 13. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Forbes; in arenosis Groenekloof, Thunberg ; in 
Draakensteenbergen et prope Gnadenthal, Drege (hab. s. sp.) 

Corolla purpuraseens. Thunb. 

I know no plant to which the definitions of Swartz and Thunberg exactly 
apply. It would seem as if they had not distinguished M. brevicornis 
from rufescens, and had described the leaves of one and the flowers of 
another. The description however in Thunberg's Flora Capensis applies 
exclusively to this. 

2. Monadenia brevicornis. 

M. foliis ensiformibus acuminatis caulem vestientibus, bracteis oblongis 
acuminatis floribus longioribus, calcare inflato compresso sepalis vix 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Mundt. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 

A praecedente bracteis longis foliisque acuminatis erectis caulem loco 
squamarum vestientibus primo intuitu distinguenda. Petala praeterea 
breviora sunt, et magis emarginata. Statura palmaris. 

3. Monadenia micrantha. 

M. foliis ensiformibus acuminatis caulem vestientibus, bracteis apice 
foliosis longe acuminatis, sepalis petalisque acutis, calcare filiformi ob- 
tuso sepalis longiore. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei; Thorn, Burchell, (no. 6139)} ad Nieuwekloof, et 
Ruigtevalei, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Facie omnino M. brevicornis ; foliis bracteisque longe acuminatis, flori- 
busque multo minoribus diversissima. Galea apice acuta inflexa. Se- 
pala ovata, acuminata. Petala ovata, acuminata, apice inflexa. La- 
bellum lineare, obtusum, membranaceum, sepalis brevius. 

Folia lutescentia. Flores maleolentes, apicibus roseis. Thorn in Herb. 

■« Monadenia densiflora. 

M. foliis erectis lanceolatis canaliculatis acutis caulis longitudine, spiea 
densa cylindracea bracteis oblongis acutis concavis florum longitudine, 
sepalis lateralibus oblongis superiore brevioribus, calcare pendulo hli- 
formi antice alato, petalis ovatis subtortis apice carnosis obtusis galea 
duplb brevioribus, labello liueari-spathulato carnoso sepalis longiore. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Thorn ; prope Paarl, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

5. Monadenia macrostachya. 

M. foliis radicalibus lanceolatis erectis caulis brevis longitudine ^ B pic& 
elongata apice rariore bracteis lanceolatis florum long , ^ine »epJ a 
lanceolatis acutis lateralibus membranaceis calcare «^^^^r 
cylindraceo, petalis oblongis obtusis facie su bverruculos 8 '» ar &'" e P os 
tico in angulum obtusum producto, labello hnean obtuso sepalorum 

H ab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; in Camiesbergen, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 


6. Monadenia macrocera. 

M. foliis paucis ensiformibus canaliculatis distantibus cauleni vestientibus, 
spica strictissima floribus distantibus axi arctfe appressis, bracteis ovario 
longissimo brevioribus, sepalis ovatis acutis calcare longissimo filiform! 
pendulo, petalis labelloque pendulo ovatis acutis. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Thorn, (exam. s. sp. in hb. Hooker.) 

Species palmaris, exilis, caule spica tertia parte breviore. Ovarium 

7. Monadenia opbrydea. 

M. caule llexuoso folioso, foliis distantibus linearibus patulis basi vagi- 
nantibus, spica 4-flora floribus longe distantibus, bracteis oblongis acutis 
ovarii longitudine, sepalis lateralibus oblongis supremo obtusissimo, 
calcare filifonni ovarii longitudine, petalis oblongis obtusissimis mar- 
gine posteriore dilatatis facie verruculosis, labello lato-lincari sepalis 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; in Draakensteensbergen, Drege. (hah. s. sp.) 
Caulis palmaris. Folia infima squamiformia, in caule 3. Ovarium fere 
2 poll, longum, internodio paulb longiore. Flores niaximi generis. 

8. Monadenia prasinata. 

M. foliis radicalibus ensiformibus caulinis erectis canaliculatis acuminatis 
imbricatis patulis, spica ovata densa, bracteis oblongis acutis floribus 
subbrevioribus, sepalis lateralibus lineari-oblongis obtusis supremo cune- 
ato obovato fornicato calcare partial breviore, petalis lanceolatis apice 
obliquis obtusis emarginatis supra basin puncticulatis, labello lineari 
acutiusculo sepalorum longitudine. 
Disa prasinata. Ker. in Bot. Reg. 3. t. 210. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei. 

This is very near the last species, and is perhaps the same ; but it ap- 
pears to differ in having denser flowers, a shorter spur, and emarginate 
petals. The flowers are green with 3 crimson stripes, within the upper 
sepal, and a few dots of the same colour at the base of the lateral ones. 


Disatorta. Swart z Act. Holm. 1800,/). 211. Thiinb. Fl. Cap. ed. Schultes, 10. Orchis 
biflora. Linn. Sp. 1330. Satyrium tortum. Thunb. Proilr. 5. 

Perianthium ringens. Sepala libera, canaliculata ; supremo basi calcarato. 
Petala nana, apice carnosa, inaequaliter biloba aut oblique torta, basi sa> 
pitis auriculata, per baseos medium columnae adnata. Labellum liberum, 
lineare, acuminatum, sepalis aequale, supra basin constrictum, hypo- 
chilio concavo niembranaceo, epichilio carnoso canaliculato. CmiimD 
bipartita (stigmate antherisque sejunctis). Stigma carnosum, elevatum, 
truncatum aut excavatum, basi labelli situm. Anthera resupinata, au 
horizontalis, rostelli brachiis nunc truncatis, nunc acuminatis contorti? 

Polliniorum glandulse 2, nudae . Herbse capenses, tubercuhs 

pedunculatis. Folia radicalia, ovata aut obovata, petiolata, patents. 
Caulis seeping flexuosus, ad flexuras squamis vaginalus. Racemi laxi, 


pauciflori, aut flos terminalis solitarius. Flores parvi, pedicellis fili- 


Several very distinct species appear to have been mentioned under the 
name of Disa torta, so that it is not possible to tell from descriptions or 
definitions to which the name has been applied. I have therefore quoted 
no synonym to the majority of the species, but have placed them under 
the genus. 

Schizodium differs from Disa in its very peculiar habit, in the form of 
the labellum, and in the nearly constant lobing of the petals. The species 
are defined chiefly by the characters of their flowers. 

1. Schizodium flexuosum. 

S. sepalis subrotundo-oblongis obtusis venosis superiore apiculato calcare 
brevi inflexo, petalis integris basi dilatatis apice linearibus carnosis 
galeae longitudine, labello ovato crispo apice acuminato integro. 

Disa flexuosa. Swartz in Act. Holm. 1800, p. 212. Thunb. Fl. Cap. eeL Schultes, 9. 
Orchis flexuosa. Linn. Sp. PI. 1331. 
Satyrium flexuosum. Thunb. Prodr. 9. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei j in arenosis depressis et vere inundatis campis 
Groenekloof et Swartland, inter Cap et Draakenstein, atque Stellen- 
bosch, florens a Junio usque in Octobrem, Thunberg, prope Klein 
Draakenstein, Drege. (hab. s. sp. ) 

Maximum generis, caule l-l^-pedali, rigido, nitido, valdfe flexuoso, ad 
omnem flexuram vagina rigida erecta concava obtusa aucto. Flores 

2. Schizodium arcuatum. 

S. sepalis acuminatissimis canaliculars arcuatis lateralibus longioribus 
calcare ascendente filiformi, petalis duplb brevioribus lobo altero lineari 
auricula baseos lineari rotundata integerrima, labello glabro epichiho 
filiformi basi rhombeo concavo marginibus inflexis. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; prope Caledon ? Drige. (hab. s. sp.) 

3. Schizodium longipetalum. 

S. sepalis acuminatissimis canaliculars arcuatis lateralibus longioribus 
calcare descendente filiformi, petalis sepalo supremo aequalibus lobo 
altero lineari basi exauriculatis, labello glabro epichilio filiformi recto 
basi dilatato subrotundo membranaceo. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ,• in Paarlberg, Drige. (hab. s. sp.) 

Flores paulo minores quam in praecedente. 

4. Schizodium obtusatum. 

S- sepalis linearibus subaequalibus obtusis calcare ascendente apice retuso 
petalis brevissimis pubescentibus oblique truncatis aur.cula baseos ad- 
nata rotundata glabra, labello pubescente epichilio ovato acuminato 
obtuso canaliculate 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, ad Dutoitskloof, Vrege. (hab. s. sp.) 

flores praecedentibus minores, pallidi, maculati. 

5- Schizodium obliquum. 

S- sepalis linearibus acutis lateralibus longioribus calcare horizontal, fih- 
December, 1838. 


360 ophrydEjE. 

formi obtuso, petalis brevissimis insequaliter bidentatis auricula baseos 
semilibera rotundata subserrata, labello basi puberulo epicbilio ovato 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Forbes, (hab. s. sp. comm. Hort. Soc. Lond.) 

6. Schizodium clavigerum. 

S. sepalis petalisque ovato-lanceolatis acutis planis calcare clavato ascen- 
dente, petalis bidentatis sepalo duplb brevioribus dente altero rotundato 
basi oblique tortis auricula semilibera integerrima, labello filiformi 
recto camoso basi lineuri membranaceo sepalis longiore. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, inter Paarl et Groenekloof, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Flores omnium minimi. 

7- Schizodium rigidum. 

S. caule basi tantum flexuoso, sepalis petalisque linearibus acutis subsequa- 
libus calcare filiformi obtuso, petalis linearibus acute bidentatis sepalis 
brevioribus, epichilii dimidia inferiore oblonga membranacca ascendente 
superiore carnosa tereti reflexa. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, prope Buffeljagtrivier, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Flores maximi generis exceptis S. Flexuosi, haud satis examinavi ; exem- 
plar unicum tantum possideo bitlorum. 

8. Schizodium inflexum. 

S. foliis obovatis longe petiolatis, caule unifloro vaginis acutis arete ap- 
pressis, sepalis oblongo-linearibus obtusis calcare conico elongato, pe- 
talis oblique tortis apice rostratis emarginatis carnosis sepalo brevi- 
oribus basi obsolete auriculatis, epicbilio oblongo concavo apice carnoso 
abrupte rostrato. 

Disa inflexa. Mundt in hb. Lehm. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Mundt, Hesse, Burchell (655). (hab. s. sp. comm. cell 
Burchell et Grisebach.) 

Sequenti simile, sed characteribus indicatis bene distinguendum. 

9. Schizodium maculatum. 

S. caule unifloro vaginis caulis laxis obtusis (maculatis), sepalis laterauous 

oblongo-linearibus intermedio dorso conico, " petalis linearibus, labello 

lanceolato obtuso." 
D. maculata. Linn. Suppl. p. 407. Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. Schultes, 14. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, prope Winterhoek, in Iiodesand sub prajruptis 

montium lateribus, florens Octobri, Thunberg. (v. s. sp. in hb. Va il-) 
Vaginae caulis membranaceae, rufo-maculatae. Flos caeruleus. Thun . 

Of this very distinct species I have only seen one specimen in » a 
herbarium. It was glued to paper, and not susceptible of being exainin 
as to the interior structure of the flower. Thunberg's description appea 
to be a good one. 


Penthea. Lindl. Nat. Syst. Dot. ed. 2, p. 446. 

Perianthium ringens. Sepala membranacca, libera, eequalia aut inaequalia. 


intermedio ecalcarato saepius diversiformi. Petala antherae utrinque ad- 
nata, saepius carnosa, sepalis dissimilia. Labellum lineare, simplex, 
liberuin, petalis multb angustius, a columna stigmato saepius trilobo 
sejunctum. Anthera terminalis, erecta v. reclinata, loculis parallelis, 
basi productis et saepius divergentibus, brachiis totidem stigmatis in- 

cumbentibus. Glandulse du«, nudae. Herbae Capenses, foliis va- 

ginaeformibus aut angustissimis radicalibus planis, floribus corymbosis 
aut spicatis, nunc solitariis geminisve. 

Disa difFert sepalo altero ecalcarato. 

1. Penthea melaleuca. 

P. foliis lineari vel oblongo-lanceolatis, vaginis caulis acuminatis patulis, 
corymbo denso multifloro, sepalis patentibus oblongis obtusis sequalibus, 
petalis oblongis basi et apice denticulatis, labello lineari-oblongo apicu- 
lato pone basin utrinque obsolete dentato. 

Disa melaleuca. Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. Schultes, 16. 
Serapias melaleuca. Id. Prodr. 3. 
Ophrys bivalvata. Linn. Suppl. 403. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, Burchell (no. 6855) ; in planitie frontis Montis 
Tabularis, et locis depressis juxta Hexrivier, Thunberg ; in Dutoitkloofs- 
bergen, et Cederbergen, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Exemplar olim vidi in herbario Vahliano, nunc in museo Hafniensi con- 
servator nomine Satyrji hiantis notatum, quod corymbo magis con- 
tracto, sepalis lateralibus ovatis apice carnosis obtusis intermedio lan- 
ceolato acuto membranaceo differre videbatur ; an species diversa, an 
varietas nescio. 

2. Penthea obtusa. 

P. foliis . . . . , vaginis inflatis erectis acutis, corymbo denso contracto, 

sepalis aequalibus obovatis obtusissimis concavis subaequalibus, petalis 

labelloque emarginato cuneatis membranaceis. 
Disa Richardiana. Lehm. MSS. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, Ecklon. (hab. s. sp. eomm. eel Lehmann.) 
Palmaris, glaberrima. Bractese obovatae, concavae. Species distinctissima. 

3- Penthea filicornis. 

P. foliis setaceis, vaginis foliaceis acuminatis patulis, spica ovata multiflora, 
sepalo supremo erecto subsessili oblongo galeato apiculato lateralibus 
oblongis basi obliquis, petalis linearibus falcatis obtusis, labello se- 

Disa filicornis. Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. Schultes, 17. 

D'sa patens. Swartz Act. Holm. 1800, p. 214. 

Orchis filicornis. Linn. Suppl. 400. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, Ecklon} ad Lowryspas, etin montibus prope Liefde, 

Drege. ; in ericetis humidis prope Wynberg, Sinum Falsum versus et 

Stellenbosch, Harvey, (hab. s. sp.) 
Flores purpurascentes. 

4 - Penthea reflexa. 

*• foliis lineaii-setaceis carnosis, vaginis foliaceis acuminatis patulis, spica 
ovata multiflora, sepalo supremo unguiculato cordato subrotundo con- 
cavo reflexo lateralibus ovato-oblongis basi inaequalibus, petalis falcatis 
linearibus obtusis anthera longioribus, labello setaceo-riliformi pendulo. 



Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei. Hesse ; in Outniqualand, Drege. (hab. s sp.) 
Similis P.filicorni; an raera varietas ? 

5. Penthea patens. 

P. foliis infimis setaceis superioribus vaginisque Iatioribus acuminatis, 
corymbo uni-multifloro patulo, sepalo supremo subrotundo cordato 
acuto lateralibus ovatis acuminatis basi angulo fere recto obtuso pro- 
duces, petalis ovatis acutis obtusisque anthera? subsequalibus. 

Disa patens. Thunb. Ft. Cap. ed. Schultes, 16. 

Serapias patens. Id. Prodr. 3. 

Ophrys patens. Linn. Suppl. 404. 

Disa tenuifolia. Swart z Act. Holm. 1800,/>. 214. 

Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, Hesse, Burchell (no. 656) ; in planitie frontis, in 
sumrno caeumine Tafelberg, Thunberg ; etiam ad Dutoitskloof, Drege. 
(hab. s. sp.) 


Perianthium concavum, ringens. Sepala libera, concava, intermedio 
niutieo majore antico lateralia aestivatione imbricante. Petala libera, 
subulata aestivatione abrupte bis flexa. Labellum carnosum, truncatura, 
liberum, nanum. Anthera reclinata, loculis parallelis, approximatis, 
glandulis duabus triangularibus imbricantibus nudisj stigmate adnato 
excavato simplici. 

Genus Pentheae galea mutica aceedens, aestivatione, anthera labelloque 
facilfe distinguendum. 

I. Forficaria graminifolia. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, ad Dutoitskloof, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
Planta Disa lacerce barbatceque facie. Folia rigida, linearia, acutissima, 
caule breviora. Racemus laxus, 8-10-florus, bracteis membranaceis 
acuminatissimis ovario brevioribus. Sepalum intermedium cymbi- 
forme, lateralibus acutis carinatis majus, glabrum, membranaceum. 
Petala setacea, genuflexa, hirsuta. Labellum carnosum, truncatum, 
pubescens, anthera brevius. 


Perianthium patens. Sepalum supremum galeatum, inflatum, dorso caj- 
caratum, lateralibus majus. Petala sub galea abscondita, carnosa, col- 
lateral, basi auriculata, apice dolabriformia, columna duplo longiora. 
Labellum oblongum, carnosum, integerrimum. Columna nana, bi par- 
tita (stigmate antheraque sejunctis.) Stigma carnosum, elevatum, con- 
cavum, basi labelli situro. Rostellum tripartitum, laciniis lateralibus 
angustioribus acuminatis j appendice dorsali, linear!, bilobo, utrinque 
tuberculato ante antheram sito. Anthera horizontalis, loculis paral- 
lelis, abbreviatis ; glandulis duabus maximis truncatis corneis dentatis. 

— Herba Capensis radicibus tuberculiformibus. Folia setacea. 

Flores pauci, magni, speciosi. 

Herschelio filio, astronomo ccleberrimo, patrice sua: decori, Orchidacearum Ca- 


pensiumindagatorifelici, species hcec pulcherrima colore cceli australis intense 
caruleo superbiens sit sacra. 

The structure of the column of this beautiful plant is very singular, and 
not to be well understood without better materials for examination than I 
have procured. A single flower is all that I have been able to analyse. 
The appendix at the back of the rostellum, between it and the anther, is 
very remarkable. 

1. Herschelia. ccelestis. 

Disa graminifolia. Ker in Brande's Journal, Vol. VI. p. 44. t. 1./. 2 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Masson, Burchell, nos. 7801, 7379 ; in sabuletis inter 

plantas junceas scirpoideasque duras luxurians, Herschel. (exam. s. sp. 

in herb. Burchell.) 

Caulis gracilis, sesquipedalis, squamis 2-3 acutissimis arete appressis vagi- 
natus. Folia setacea. Racemus 4-6-florus. Flores magni intense coe- 
rulei, labello oblongo basi pallido supra medium purpurascente. 
Galea inflata, subrotunda, calcare brevi obtuso ascendente supra basin. 


"erianthium obliquum, subglobosum. Sepalum supremum muticum, con. 
vexum, lateralibus liberis multb minus. Petala ovata, obtusa, erecta, 
basi obliqua, medio carnosa, sepalo supremo duplb majora, sepalis late- 
ralibus duplb minora. Labellum sepalis lateralibus majus, coriaceum, 
basi cavum, apice dilatatum 3-dentatum. Anthera reclinata, bilocularis, 
pedicellata, stigmati maximo ovali intra cavitatem labelli abscondito 

adnata ; glandulis 2, nudis. Herba capensis, foliosa, floribus inter 

folia superiora axillaribus. 

«enus ab omnibus hue usque notis structura labelli, perianthio valde 
obliquo galeaque mutica distinctum. 

«• Brachycorythis ovata. 

«ab. ad Cap. B. Spei, inter Omsamwabo et Omsamcabe, Drege. (exam. s. 
*P- in herb. eel. Dregei ) 

Caulis pedalis et ultra, foliis magnis ovatis acutis dense, imbricatis ves- 
titus. Flores axillares inter folia superiora iisque breviores. Labellum 
posticum, coriaceum, basi inflatum Stanhopeae more, sulcatum, ultra 
cavitatem in lobum cuneatum tridentatum productum. Planta siccatione 


"erianthium bilabiatum. Sepalum supremum et petala in galeam (saepius 
anticam pendulam) agglutinata ; lateralia patula libera. Labellum un- 
guiculatum, lunatum, faciei columnas adnatum, nudum, vel appendice 
carnoso apice libero auctum. Columna hippocrepica. Anthera resu- 
Pinata, loculis distantibus brachiis stigmatis adnatis ; glandulis nudis. 

St'gma parvum, trilobum, in sinu brachiorum, verticale. Herba; 

expenses, siccatione nigrescentes, foliis lineari-setaceis basi dilatatis 
caulem totum vestientibus. Radices fasciculatse, longas, carnosa;, to- 
nientosa;. Flores dens6 spicati. 



1 . Euceratandra. Stigmatis brachia angusta, distantia, omninb ferri equini 
formd (Hippopodiurn, Harvey, MSS.). 

* Labello appendicular. 

1. Cebatandra chloroleuca. Ecklon in herb. Lehm. Bauer's Illustr. Ge- 
nera, tab. xvi 

C. foliis ciliatis, spica cylindracea, sepalis lateralibus basi sequalibus, la- 
bello longe unguiculato lunato acuto j appendice dentato subquadrato. 

Pterygodium stratum. Swartz in Act. Holm. 1800, 217. Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. Svh. 24. 
Ophrys atrata. Linn. Mant. 121. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; in arenosis Swartlandiae, Thunberg, florens Sept. 

Oct. 5 Paarlberg et Dutoitskloofbergen, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
Caulis palmaris et minor ad sesquipedalem. Sepala viridia, purpureo 

striata. Petala, labellum et columna lutea. Appendix fuscus. 

Mr. Harvey distinguished this plant from Pterygodium in a letter to Sir 
W. Hooker under the expressive name of Hippopodium (atratum) ; but 
I had already received it from Prof. Lehmann, with Ecklon's name of Ce- 
ratandra, which priority requires that I should adopt. The specific name 
atratum is best suppressed, as it is common to the whole genus, and the 
black colour when dried is one of the marks by which it is generally dis- 
tinguished from Pterygodium. Thunberg describes his P. atratum as 
having a crenulated labellum ; but I have seen no specimen which an- 
swers to that description. 

2. Cebatandra auriculata. 

C. foliis ciliatis, spica cylindracea, sepalis lateralibus basi auriculatis, la- 
bello longe unguiculato lunato obtuso j appendice integerrimo subro- 

Hab. ad Cap, B. Spei, Burehell, no. 6900, Thorn in hb. Hooker, (hab. s. sp. 
comm. eel. Burehell.) 

Precedent i simillima. 

* * Labello nudo. 

3. Cebatandra globosa. 

C. foliis scabriusculis supremis minoribus, spica subglobosa, petalis cor- 
dato-ovatis acutis, labello nudo subrotundo-ovato brevitcr unguiculato. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; in Dutoitskloofbergen et Cederbergen, Drige. (hab. 
s. sp.) 

4. Cebatandra parviflora. 

C. foliis margine scabriusculis supremis minoribus, spica subglobosa, pe- 
talis margine anteriore in angulum obtusum productis, labello nudo 
transverso rhomboideo angulis acutis ungue cuneato. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Burehell no. 560. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Burehell.) 
Praecedenti similis sed flores dupl6 minores et forma partium diversa. 

5. Cebatandba granditiora. 

C. foliis margine pilosis supremis minoribus, spica densissima oblonga, 
petalis semicordatis basi cucullatis, labello nudo subrotundo cordato 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ,• in Zuurebergen, Drige. (Iiab. s. sp.) 


A beautiful species, with deep yellow flowers twice as large as those of 
any other. 

2. Evota. Stigmatis brachia dilaiata, conniventia, galea speaem formantia 
(Calota, Harvey, MSS.). 

6. Ceratandra Harveyana. 

C. foliis linearibus acuminatis involutis, spica pauciflora laxiuscula, bracteis 

ovatis acutis convexis, petalis cuneatis rotundatis unguiculatis margine 

crispis, labello sagittato appendice rhomboideo carnoso integro. 
Hab. ad Prom. B. Spei, in locis udis "Flats" dictis inter Wynberg, et 

False Bay, rarb florens Novembr. Harvey. 

I only know this curious plant from a drawing and description by Mr. 
Harvey, in the possession of Sir W. Hooker. It is represented as growing 
about six inches high, with green sepals, and all the other parts of the 
flower yellow. The dilatation of what I presume to be either the arms of 
the stigma or the rostellum, is very remarkable, and led Mr. Harvey to 
consider it distinct from Ceratandra and Pterygodium, naming it Calota 
capensis ; but it is in all other circumstances, so far as I can judge from 
the drawing, as well as in habit, so entirely a Ceratandra that I do not 
think it expedient to separate it. It forms however a good section of this 
genus, for which the name Calota might have been retained if we had not 
already a Calotis, and for which that of Evota, a word with the same 
meaning, has been substituted. 


Perianth ium ringens. Sepalum supremum et petala inaequaliter lobata 
apice fornicata in galeam agglutinata j lateralia patula libera. Label- 
lum hastatum, sessile, columnae adnatum, appendice membranaceo tu- 
buloso auctum. Columna membranacea, truncata. Anthera erecta, 
loculis distantibus, subparallelis, basi truncatis ; glandulis nudis. Stigma 

horizontale, brachiis incurvis. Herba radicibus testiculatis, Ace- 

ratis habitu. 

This genus is essentially different from Pterygodium in its anther being 

perfectly erect, and very much like that of a Platanthera. Its name is 

taken from the eye-like spots on the labellum. 

*• Ommatodium Volucris. 

Pterygodium Volucris. Swart z Act. Holm. 1800, p. 218. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 22. Ker in 

Brandos Journal, vol. 9, t. 4,/. 1. 
Ophrys Volucris. Linn. Suppl. 403. 
Ophrys triphylla. Thunb. Prodr. 2. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; in collibus prope Mosselbanksrivier, Paardeberg, 

Rebeeks-casteel, florens Sept. Oct., Thunberg. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. 

Lehmann et Hooker.) 
Folia 2-3, cordata, ovata, basi amplexicaulia j supremo floribus distante, 

multb minore. Spica elongata, multiflora. Petala semiobovata b.Ioba ; 

lacinia interiore minima obtusa. Labellum hastatum, ovatum, acumi 

natum, membranaceum, deflexum ; angulis posticis in lunbum incurvis 

366 OPHRYDE-ffi. 

eique adnatis. Appendix tubulosus, membranaceus, unilabiutus, valde 
obliquus ; labio antico producto integerrimo. 


Pterygodium. Swart z Act. Holm. 18C0, 217. 

Perianthium fornicatum. Sepalum supremum et petala maxima indivisa 
concava in galeam ssepius posticam agglutinata ; lateralia libera, pa- 
tentia. Labellum sessile, faciei columnar adnatum, basi appendice ma- 
gno (stigmate tertio sterili ?) linguaeformi, erecto, vel supra dorsum 
anthers; inflexo, auctum. Anthera resupinata, loculis distantibus ab- 
breviatis stigmatis brachiis incurvis tortis adnatis ; glandular nuda?. 
Stigma lineare, transversum, basi appendicis labelli inter ilium et an- 
theram, utrinque in brachium productum. Herbae radicibus testi- 
culars, caule folioso, foliis oblongis basi vaginantibus, floribus solitariis 
aut racemosis. 

1. Pterygodium platypetalum. 

P. caule tenui 1-2-phyllo, foliis linearibus, floribus subsolitariis, ovario 
subrotundo, petalis latissimis truncatis extils rotundatis, labello minimo 
trilobo lobis lateralibus rotundatis integerrimis intermedio majore acuto, 
appendice trilobo margine integro. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; in Mont. Dutoitskloof, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
Herba gracilis, digitalis vel palmaris. Flores P. catholico similes. Glan- 
dula parva nigra in centro utriusque lobi lateralis labelli. 

2. Pterygodium catbolicum. Swartz I. c. Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. Sch. Hi* 
Brandes Journal, vol. 6, t. \,f. 3. 

P. caule subdiphyllo, foliis oblongis obtusis, floribus geminis aut racemosis, 
petalis hinc rectiusculis inde rotundatis cordatis, labello minimo ovato 
acuto crispo, appendice acuminato utrinque unidentato supra dentes 
sulcato et serrato. 

Ophrys catholica. Linn. Sp. PI. 1344. 
Ophrys alaris. Linn. Suppl. 404. 
Arethusa alaris. Thunb. Prodr. 3. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; juxta et extra urbem Cap, et in Swartland, florens 
Aug. Sept., Thunberg ; Gnadenthal, Drlge. {hab. s. sp.) 

3. Pterygodium acutifolium. 

P. caule subdiphyllo, foliis oblongis acutissimis, floribus racemosis, petalis 
hinc rectiusculis inde rotundatis cordatis, labello minimo ovato acuto 
undulato, appendice acuminato integerrimo apice sulcato. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Ecklon, Harvey ; Dutoitskloof, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

A very distinct species resembling P. catholicum, from which it is im- 
mediately distinguished by its darker coloured flowers, taller stems, an 
acute leaves. 

4. Pterygodium alatum. Swartz I. c. Thunb. Fl. Cap. 24. Brandes 
Journal, vol. 8, t. 3,/. 2. 

P. caule folioso, foliis canaliculars acutis, floribus dense racemosis, peta is 

OPHRYDE^. 367 

hinc rectiusculis inde rotundatis, labello dilatato trilobo laciniis latera- 

libus crenatis intermedia minima acuta, appendice carnoso obtuso re- 

pando infra apicem bifoveato. 
Ophrys alata. Thunb. Prodr. 2. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; prope urbem, Thunberg ; Kleindraakenstein et 

Breederivier, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

5. Pterygodium cafFrum. Swartz, I. c. Thunb. I. c. 

P. caule folioso, foliis inferioribus oblongo-ovatis cucullatis, floribus race- 
mosis, petalis cuneatis hinc rectis inde rotundatis, labello dilatato bilobo 
laciniis rotundatis integerrimis mucronulo interjecto, appendice oblongo 
ovato membranaceo sub apice excavato. 

Ophrys caffra. Thunb. Prodr. 2. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ,• prope Montem Paarl in arenosis depressis, inque 
monte Paardeberg et ejus depressis arenosis, florens Oct., Thunberg. (hab. 
s. sp. comm. eel. Drege.) 

6. Pterygodium carnosum. 

P. foliis subdistichis ensiformibus acuminatissimis canaliculars, floribus 
dense spicatis carnosis, petalis obovatis pubescentibus concavis cum se- 
palo intermedio galeam formantibus, sepalis lateralibus late ovatis ob- 
tusis, labello transverso emarginato subsessili appendice uncinato carnoso 
integro subtus excavato. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, in Dutoitskloofbergen, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
*ix pedale, siccatione nigerrimum. Folia Corycii orobunchoidis. 

7. Pterygodium venosum. 

P. foliis lineari-lanceolatis convolutis caulem vestientibus, spic& densa cy- 
Hndracea, sepalis ovatis concavis sequalibus, petalis cuneatis serratis, 
labello subrotundo-cordato serrato, appendice minimo labello adnato 
excavato, rostello bialato alis lanceolatis reflexis. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Reeves et v. s. sp. in herb. 
Hooker et Lambert.) 

It is very singular that this remarkable species should not appear in any 
°f the collections of Hesse, Ecklon, Drege, or Harvey. One specimen 
exists in Mr. Lambert's Herbarium ; another in Sir VV. Hooker's, without 
locality, and my own is probably a cultivated one, having been obtained 
ty Mr. Reeves from Villet, the Cape nurseryman. 

8 - Pterygodium inversum. Swartz, I. c. Thunb. I. ft Brandes Journal, 

v °l- 9, t. 4,/. 1. 
p - foliis subdistichis lanceolato-ensiformibus, floribus dense spicatis, petalis 

inversis oblongis hinc rectiusculis, labello parvo unguiculato rotundato 

postico, appendice linguasformi erecto emarginato antice bilamellato. 
°Phrys in versa. Thunb. Prodr. 2. 
H ab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; in Swartland, infra Rebeck-Casteel, inque regio- 

nibus Picketberg, florens Sept. Oct., Thunberg; prope Breedenvier, 

GUI in hb. Hooker ; inter Groenekloof et Saldanha bay, necnon in Ca- 

Diiesbergen, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 
Caulis fere 2-pedalis, crassus, dense foliosus. Spica densissima, foliosa. 

Capsula in collum longum incurvum producta. 
January, 1839. b b b 



Corycium. Swartz Act. Holm. 1800, p. 220. 

Perianthium clausum, hians. Sepala membranacea, angusta, erccta ; in- 
termedio nunc libero, nunc petalis in galea m agglutinato, lateralibus 
connatis. Petala 2, concava vel saccata, sepalis difformia, carnosa, libera. 
Labellum faciei columnae adnatum, integrum, nunc muticum, saepius 
appendice maximo simplici vel bilobo auctum. Anthera dorsalis, resu- 
pinata ; loculis nunc parallelis approximates, nunc longissime distan- 
tibus, divaricatis, stigmatis expansione quasi divulsis. Glandulae nudae. 
Stigma angustum, inter basin labelli et connectivum ; rostello trilobo, 
lobo medio connectivi forma, eique appresso, lateralibus linearibus ad- 

natis aut divergentibus. Herbae terrestres Capenses, radicibus tes- 

ticulatis. Caules foliosi. Folia saepius undulata, basi vaginantia. Flores 

dense spicati. 

Columnae structura varia in variis speciebus. 

§ 1. Labellum inappendiculatum. 

1. Corycium crispum. Swartz, I. c. Thunb. Fl. Cap. ed. Schultes, p. 81. 
C. foliis undulatis margine crispis, spica laxiuscula, petalis truncatis saccatis 

cum sepalo agglutinatis, labello obovato retuso basi nudo. 

Arethusa crispa. Thunb. Prodr. 3. . . 

Orchis coccinea, foliis serratis in capreolum abeuntibus. Buxb. Cent. 3, p. 7,t. 11. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; in arenosis prope Cap, in Groene Kloof et Swart- 
land, florens Sept. Oct., Thunberg, Drege, Ecklon. (hab. s. sp.) 

Anthera loculi ant ice sub labello approximate • Stigmatis brachia incurva, 
apice dilatata quasi petaloidea. 

§ 1. Labellum basi appendice (sligmate sterili ?) auctum. 

2. Corycium bicolor. Swartz, I. c. Thunb. I. c. Lindley in Bauer's Illus- 
trations, Genera, t. 15. Ker in Brande's Journal, 6, t. \,f. I. 

C. foliis margine crispatis, spica densissima cylindracea, petalis ovatis coiv 
cavis versus sepalum supremum tortis, labello bilobo sessili, appen 
cordato-ovato subtils carinato. 

Ophrys bicolor. Thunb. Prodr. 2. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Thunberg, Burehell (no. 6605). (hab. s. sp. comm. 
eel. Burehell.) 

Spica densissima cylindracea et floribus parvis statim dignoscitur. 

3. Corycium excisum. 

C. foliis linearibus convolutis basi dilatatis, spica densa oblong^, P et ^ 

truncatis concavis inflexis, labello longe unguiculato bilobo basi earn 

appendice cordato subrotundo emarginato. 
Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, inter Pikenierskloof et Olifantrivier, Drege. (hab. t. 

sp. et v. s. sp. in herb. Hooker a cl. Harvey lectum.) 
Spica C. bicolor simulat, sed flores majores. Folia an^ustissima. Statura 

variat a digitali in pedalem. 


4. Corycium microglossum. 

C. foliis e basi latissima vaginante in acumen productis, spica oblonga, 
petalis liberis cuneato-subrotundis concavis pubescentibus, labello lineari 
lanceolato integerrimo, appendice ovato emarginato. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, in Paarlberg, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Sesquipedalis. Flores extus pubescentes. Spica fere semipedalis, densa, 
multiflora. Appendix carnosus, glaberrimus, erectus, incurvus. Aruherae 
loculi minimi et stigmatis bracliia divaricatissima. Rachis et bractese 

5. Corycium orobanchoides. Swartz, I. c. Thunb. I. c. Ker in Brandes 
Journal, vol. 8, t . 3, /* 3 ? } {caricature). Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1838, 
t. 45. 

C. foLis ensiformibus carinatis basi vaginantibus, spica cylindracea v. ovali 
densiflora, petalis saccatis cum sepalo intermedio agglutinatis, labello 
deflexo bilobo, appendice reflexo bipartito laciniis acuminatis. 

Satyrium orobanchoides. Linn. Suppl. 402. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, vulgaris ; in arenosis Thunberg. (hab. s. sp. et v. v. c.) 

6. Corycium vestitum. Swartz, I. c. Thunb. I. c. 

C. foliis oblongis cucullato-vaginantibus venoso-reticulatis, spica cylindra- 
cea densa, sepalo supremo angusto concavo apice latiore obtuso exciso 
cum petalis ovatis ventricoso-saccatis cohaerente, labello dilatato obtuso 
exciso, appendice reflexo bipartito laciniis lanceolatis obtusis deflexis. 

Ophrys rolucris. Thunb. Prodr. 2. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, in dunis prope Picketberg, et Verbooren Valley, 

The above character is taken from Thunberg whose description shews 
this, to me unknown, species to be very distinct. It seems near C. oro- 
banchoides. There is nothing like it in the collections of Burchell, Hesse, 
Harvey, Ecklon, Drege, Thorn, Gill, or Forbes ! 


D 'speris. Swartz, Act. Holm. 1800, p. 218. Dryopeia. Thouars, Orch. Aft. t. 1-3. 
Dipera. Spreng. Syst. 3, 696. 

Perianthium ringens. Sepalum supremum cum petalis in galeam co- 
haerens ; lateralia saccata, patentia, libera, aut connata. Labellum 
unguiculatum, faciei columnae adnatum, inter lobos antheras ascendens, 
appendice saepius apice villoso supra columnam inflexo. Anthera re- 
supinata, vel supina, imb erecta ; glandulis nudis. Stigma angustum, 
transversum, divaricatum, brachiis duobus cartilagineis same contortis. 

Herbae pusillae Capenses, Mascarenses, Zeylanicae, saepius vil- 

losae, caulibus apice unifloris aut paucifloris mono-diphyllis. Radices 
testiculatae et tuberosae. 

The genus Dryopeia of Thouars appears to me distinguishable from 
P'speris by no certain character, nor even by habit, for D. micrantha is an 
Wermediate form between the Cape and Mascarenian species. The 


union of the lateral sepals loses its value by means of D. tripetaloides in 
which they are separate j the want of an appendage to the lip, which is a 
character of D. oppositifolia, is of no importance because of the presence 
of an appendage in D. tripetaloides, and moreover the genus Ceratandra for- 
bids us to attach consequence to this circumstance. If the structure of 
Dryopeia were really such as is described by Ach. Richard, it would 
doubtless be a genus perfectly distinct from Disperis ; but I presume there 
is some, error in the description published by that learned botanist. 

§ 1. Labellitm appendice auctum. 

1. Disperis capensis. Swartz, I. c. Thunb. Fl. Cap, ed. Sch. 25. Ker in 
Brande's Journal, v. t. 1./. 2. 

D. caule apice glabro basi patentim piloso, foliis linearibus accuminatis 
apice setaceis, floribus solitariis, sepalis omnibus liberis glabris acumi- 
natissimis, labello lineari-lanceolato appendice pone apicem acuminato 
utrinque dentato. 

Arethusa capensis. Linn. Suppl. 405. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ,- in Leuwekop, in collibus infra Tafelberg et urbem, 
inque summitate montis Tabularis, Tbunbergj Burchell 8527 ; Ruigte- 
valei, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Sepala patentissima, acuminatissima, lateralia pone basin, supremum 
sub apice saccatum, petalorum margini arctissime agglutinatum. Pe- 
tala subcucullata, oblonga, obtusa, margine posteriore subrhomboidea, 
leviter pubescentia. Labellum lineare, spatulatum, apici columnse 
flexura. sigmoidea adnatum, apice membranaceum acuminatum re- 
flexum, sub apice subtuberculatum appendice brevi lanceolata lacera. 
Anthera erecta, bilocularis, ad dorsum sita stigmatis maximi membra - 
nacei rhomboidei : processibus spiraliter tor^js cartilagineis acuminatis. 

2. Disperis secunda. Swartz, I. c. Thunb. 1. c. Ker. I. c. 5. t. l.f. 3. 

D. foliis linearibus, racemo laxo folioso secundo, sepalis lateralibus diva- 
ricatissimis unguiculatis saccatis (sacco basi obtuso calloso), labello 
cordato-ovato acuminato apice cucullato, appendice lineari apice vil- 

Orchis circumflexa. Linn. Sp. PI. 1344. 
Arethusa secunda. Thunb. Prorlr. 3. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei ; prope urbem, florens Aug. et mens. seq. Thun- 
berg ; in Draakensteensbergen, Drege. (hab. s. sp.) 

Petala galeae agglutinata, rhomboidea, angulo externo obtuso. Labellum 
ovatum, acuminatum, complicatum, apice saccatum, appendice longo 
fibfnrmi apice villoso intra galeam intruso desinente. Processus stig- 
matici inter membranaceam et cartilagineam, obtusi. Flores ochro- 

3. Disperis micrantba. 

D. caule debili 1-3-floro diphyllo, foliis cordatis amplexicaulibus glabris, 
sepalis aristatis lateralibus multb minoribus medio saccatis, labello sa- 
gittato appendice lineari apice dilatato rotundato villoso. 

Hab. ad Cap. B. Spei, Mund. (hab. s. sp. comm. eel. Hooker.) 

Species omnino Dryopeiarum Mascarensium facie. 

ophrydEjE. 371 

4. Disperis tripetaloidea. 

D. caule erecto 2-4-floro, foliis cordato-oblongis acutis, sepalis glabris 
lateralibus pendulis sessilibus basi ima connatis pone basin foveatis, 
labello filiformi pubescente apice dilatato-rotundato appendice minimo 

Dryopeia tripetaloidea. Thouars I. c. t. 3. A. Rich. I. c. 

Hab. in Borbonia, Commerson ; Zeylond, prope Rambodde et Pboosalowe, 
Walker, (v. ic. pict. zeylan. in hb. Hooker.) 

I have seen no specimens lately of this plant, but it appears to be iden- 
tical with a species found in Ceylon by Mrs. Cummin, the daughter of 
Colonel Walker, from whom the botany of Ceylon has received so many 
illustrations. The latter has pretty pink flowers. 

5. Disperis cordata. Swartz, I. c. 

D. caule erecto bifloro, foliis cordatis acutis, sepalis lateralibus semicon- 

natis, (labello bilobo appendice recurvo clavato.) 
Dryopeia discolor. Thouars, I. c.t.2. A. Rich. I. c. 36. 
Hab. iu Mauritio. 

I have seen no specimen's of this, and am unable, from Thouars' figure, 
to form any exact opinion concerning the structure of the labellum. 
A. Richard calls it ,f cruciatum." 

§ *2. Labellum muticum.